Abbas Modernus, Abbas Siculus (see Nicolaus de Tudeschis).
 
Abbas s. Miniati (see Lapus Tactus).
 
 
Aegidius (see Egidius)
 
 
Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini (see Pius II)
 
 
Agostino Micheli is attested as a teacher of (canon?) law at Padua in 1427 and also testified in various academic examinations between 1429 and 1446.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 345, 351.
 
 

Alanus Ultramontanus (see Albericus Metensis)
 
 
Albano Morosini (Maurocenus). In 1427 he held a lectura extraordinaria iuris canonici in diebus festis in Padua.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 339.
 
 
Albericus Metensis
(also Alberico di Metz; de Metis; Metonensis; Ultramontanus; Albéric; etc.). He was born in Metz, probably around 1280. A. spent some time in Paris, but we do not know if he studied, taught law or simply lived there for a while. He was rector of the University of Orléans by 1315-1316, but in 1316 he moved to Nevers with other professors and students. A. was professor utriusque iuris and held a series of other ecclesiastical positions. In 1316 he was named a canon in Metz; some years later he became archdeacon, a position which he held until 1352. By 1323 A. was a papal chaplain and auditor. Around the same time he produced his only known legal work, an Apparatus on the Clementines, which was among the first works on this new collection (1317). In 1331 A. became a canon in Reims. He probably died in 1354.

TEXTS: Apparatus in Clementinas, MANUSCRIPTS: Bologna, Collegio di Spagna MS 222, fol. 1ra-46vb)

LITERATURE: Thomas Izbicki, `New notes on the late medieval jurists: III. Commentators on the Clementines according to Johannes Calderinus', BMCL 10 (1980) 62-65. Domenico Maffei, `Alberico di Metz e il suo Apparato sulle Clementine', BMCL 1 (1971) 43-56.
 
 
 
 

Alberico da Rosate (also de Rosciate). Born in Rosciate, near Bergamo, around 1290. He studied in Padua under Oldradus da Ponte and Riccardus Malumbra. He studied also under Ranieri di Forlì and received advice and help from Bartolo da Sassoferrato. In the second decade of 1300 he came back to Bergamo: there he practised - but never taught - law and was actively involved in the civil life of his city, particularly as reformer of the statutes (in 1331 and 1333) and as ambassador to the papal court in Avignon (in 1335, 1337-38 and 1340-41). He died in Bergamo in 1360.

TEXTS: 1. Commentarium super sextum librum Decretalium, Early Printed Edition: Recueil des traites des illustres iurisconsultes (Venice 1585).

2. Dictionarium iuris tam civilis quam canonici, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1481; Lyon 1521, 1548; Milan 1485?; Paris 1538;  Pavia 1498, 1513;   Venice 1535, 1555, 1573, 1581, 1583 (reprinted Turin 1971), 1601.

3. De regulis iuris, Early printed editions: Lyon 1543.

LITERATURE: G.L. Barni, `"Civis" e "civitas" nel "De statutis" di Alberico da Rosate', Studi in onore de Giuseppe Grosso, 5 vols. (Torino 1971-1972) IV.499-531. P. Calendini, `Albéric de Rosate', DHGE 1 (19 ) 1411-1412. D. Calvi, Rosciate e il suo Alberigo, (Bergamo 1940). G. Cremaschi, `Contributi alla biografia di Alberico da Rosciate', Bergomum 50 (1956) 3-102. Antonio Fiammazzo, Il commento Dantesco di Alberico da Rosciate, col premio e fine di quello del Bambaglioli:  Notizia dal codice Grumelli raffront. col. Laur. pl. XXVI, sin. 2 (Bergamo 1895).  E. Magnin, `Alberic de Rosate', DDC 1 (1937) 362. L. Prosdocimi, `Alberico da Rosate', DBI 1 (1960) 656-57; idem, `Alberico da Rosciate e la giurisprudenza italiana del secolo XIV', Bergomum 49 (1955) 1-7. Schulte, QL II 245-46. P. Weimar, 'Albericus de Rosate', LMA 1 (1980) 282-83.   My thanks for Mike Widener for extensive bibliographical information about Albericus' early printed editions.
 
  
 

Alberto Belli (de Bellis), a Perugian, studied the laws there and first appeared among the teachers in 1472. The following year, he moved to Pisa, to lecture on canon law, but stayed there only for a year. Since 1474 until his early death in 1482, he taught at Ferrara. Although Diplovatatius asserts that he also left other legal works `not to be despised', only a few civilian repetitiones are known to have survived.

LITERATURE: R. Abbondanza, `Belli, Alberto (Albertus de Bellis)', DBI 7 (1965) 645-47. M. Battistini, `Alberto Belli perugino, lettore nello Studio di Pisa', Bollet. d. Deputaz. di storia patria per l'Umbria 21 (1915) 551-53. T. Diplovatatius, De claris iurisconsultis, ed. F. Schulz, H. Kantorowicz, G. Rabotti, SG 10 (1968). Schulte, QL II 346.
   
 

Alberto Porcellini (also de Porcellinis, Porcelineo, Porcellinus). A Paduan, he taught canon law in his city from ca. 1439 to 1442.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 352.
 
 
Albertus de Brixia (Brescia) Mandugasinus (d. 1314), a Dominican, wrote a confessional manual in three books, which he based particularly on the works of Thomas Aquinas. He died sometime before 1319.

TEXTS: Summa de officio sacerdotis, MANUSCRIPTS: Autun, Bibl. munic. S.67, fol. 1ra-209va; S.68; Berlin, Staatsbibl. Theol. lat. oct.151; Bressanone (Brixen), Seminar 82; Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 230; Florence, Laur. Ashb. 948, fol. 13-230v; Florence, BN D.9.1259; G.2.253; Gray, Bibl. Munic. 5; Modena, Bibl. Est. y.H.5,6; Munich, Clm 18407; Novacella 447, fol. 1-206v; Nürnberg, Stadtbibl. Cent. iii.80, fol. 1ra-82vb; Prague, Metrop. Kap. C.94; Prague, Narodni Mus. xvi.F.13; Rouen, Bibl. Munic. 601; Sevilla, Bibl. Colomb. 7-2-4; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 960; Vat. Barb. lat. 418; Vat. Barb. lat. 717; Vercelli, Bibl. Cap. 172; Vicenza, Bibl. Bert. 3.9.9; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 3763, fol. 1-249v; Wroclaw, Bibl. Uniw. i.Q.140, fol. 1-242v.

LITERATURE: J. Dietterle, `Die "Summae confessorum (sive de casibus conscientie)" von ihren Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 26 (1905) 303-7. T. Kaeppeli, Scriptorum ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 1 (Rome 1970) 27-28. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 60. U. Mörschel, `Albertus von Brescia', LMA 1 (1980) 288. Schulte, QL II 424.
 
 
   

Albertus Ranconis de Ericinio, professor of theology at Paris and since 1355 rector of the University, wrote a treatise on confession and the offering of the eucharist by laymen.

TEXT: Tractatus de communione, MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Univ. knihovna I.F.9.

LITERATURE: J. F. v. Schulte, `Die canonistischen Handschriften der Bibliotheken .. in Prag', Abhandlungen der kgl. böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften 6.2 (1868) 47. Schulte, QL II 432.
 
   
 

Albertus Trottus was born in Piacenza and taught canon law in Ferrara in 14th century. A number of his tracts survive.

TEXTS: 1. De uero et perfecto clerico libri duo, Early Printed Edition: Ferrara 1475 (Hain 588)

2. De ieiunio, Early Printed Edition: Nuremberg 1475 (Hain 589)

3. De ecclesiarum uisitatione, Early Printed Edition: Ferrara 1476 (Hain 590)

4. De horis canonicis, Early Printed Editions: Hain 591-602

LITERATURE: E.Magnin, `Albertus Trottus', DDC 1 (1935) 362-63. Schulte QL II 364.
 
 
 
 

Aldobrandinus de Medio Abate is mentioned in 1297 as `utriusque iuris doctor' in a dispute over diocesan rights between Treviso and Aquilea. As the document states further, he was professor at Padua.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 169 n.5.
 
 
 
 

Alejandrino (see Johannes de Sancto Georgio)
 
 
 
 

Alessandro Papafava, himself a Paduan, was certainly teaching the decretum in Padua in 1502, and perhaps even as early as in 1487.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 343.
 
 
 
 

Alexander VI, Pope (Roderigo da Borgia), born in Valencia, Archbishop of Valencia, Cardinal of Portus, Vice-Chancellor of the Roman Church, Pope 1492-1503.

TEXTS: 1. De cardinalium excellentia et officio uicecancellarii

2. Glossa in regulas cancellariae

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 407-08.
 
 
 
 

Alexander de Antella (de Ancilla, Antillo, Avalla) is known to have taught at Padua in 1328. He died in 1355.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitio de rerum permutatione (VI 3.10.1) MANUSCRIPT: Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye fol. 79.

2. Rep. de rescriptis (in VI I 3.12)

LITERATURE: Schulte QL II 232.
 
 
 
 

Alexander Ariosti, a Ferrarese Franciscan (fl. ca.1450), is the presumed author of a treatise on usury.

TEXTS: 1. Libellus de usuris, Early Printed Edition: Bologna 1486 (Hain 1653)

2. Enchiridion seu interrogatorium confessorum, Early Printed Editions: Pavia 1513; Venice 1517, 1522; Paris 1514, 1520; Lyons 1523, 1528, 1540; Bologna 1576, Brescia 1579.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 448. J. Sbaralea, Supplementum ad scriptores ordinis minorumI (Rome 1908) 13-14.
 
 
 
 

Alexander de Nevo (ca. 1419-1485). Originally from Vicenza, Alexander studied probably in Padua. After receiving his degree he taught privatly in Vicenza. In 1456 he began to teach in Padua until 1484, when he went back to his hometown. There he died in 1485. He was also iudex apostolicus, author of numerous consilia and editor of canonistic works, including Gratian's Decretum, which he had printed in Venice in 1474, under the title Decreti Gratiani cum Bartholomei Brixiensis glossa editio. A. also published (ca. 1480) the Tractatus de legitimatione emendatior of Antonii Roselli (d.1466).

TEXTS: 1. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Of cases involving marriage in Consiliorum matrimonialium diligentia I. B. Ziletti collectorum (Venice 1572) I.28-29, 37-39. MANUSCRIPTS: Leiden, Bibl. der Rijksuniversiteit, d'Ablaing 33; Padua, Bibl. Universitaria 1268; Perugia, San Pietro, CM 57; Ravenna, Bibl. Classense, 450; Ravenna, Bibl. Classense, 485, vol. IV-V; Venice, Bibl. Nazionale Marciana, lat. V 2 [2324].

2. Consilia contra Judaeos foenerantes, Early Printed Editions: List provided by A. Belloni (1986) 109.

3. Super secundam partem libri I Decretalium, MAUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 5581; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 5013

4. Commentarium in IV librum decretalium, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1473

5. Commentaria in I-V Decretalium libros, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1585

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 107-110. R. Naz, `Nevo (Alexandre de)', DDC 6 (1957) 999. Schulte II 330-31.
 
 
 
 

Alexander Tartagnus (b. 1423/24 in Imola, d. 1477 in Bologna). He studied in Bologna under Johannes de Imola, Johannes de Anania, Angelus Aretinus and Paulus de Castro; there he obtained his doctorate in Civil Law in 1445. He began his activity as a professor of law around 1450, taught, perhaps, in Pavia (1449-50) and, certainly, in Ferrara (1457-58, 1460-61), Padua (maybe in 1459 and, without any doubt, from 1467 to 1470) and Bologna (1461-67 and 1470-77). As his literary production indicates, his interests were chiefly in matters of civil law, although A. also wrote a few comments on Liber Extra. He died there in 1477. Among his students we can find Jason, Bartholus Socinus, Bologninus and Lancellottus Decius.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura supra III librum (Decretalium), Early Printed Edition: Bologna 1485 (Hain 15331)

2. Lectura in rubrica De fide (X. 1.1), Early Printed Edition: Cum additionibus Andreae Barbatiae(Milan 1490; Hain 15330)

3. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Listed by A. Belloni (1986) 117; Tartagni's consilia on cases involving marriage were often printed separately: Frankfurt 1575, 1610; Venice 1578, 1584, 1586, 1590, 1597, 1610; Lyons 1585, MANUSCRIPTS: Camerino, Bibl. Valentiniana 28 (1477, 2 vols.); Naples, Bib. Naz. VII.D.77; Paris, B.N. lat. 4724 (1540).

LITERATURE: M. Ascheri, Saggi sul Diplovatazio (Milan 1971) 74-99. A. Belloni, Professori giuristi, 110-18. H. Lange, `Das kanonische Zinsverbot in den Consilien des Alexander Tartagnus', Recht und Wirtschaft in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Festschrift für Johannes Bärmann zum 70. Geburtstag (Munich 1975) 99-112. E.Magnin, `Alexandre Tartagnus', DDC 1 (1935) 364. A. Sabbatani, De vita et operibus Alexandri Tartagni de Imola (Milano 1972). Schulte QL II 328-29. P. Weimar, `Alexander de Tartagnis', LMA 1 (1980) 380.
 
 
 
 

Alfonso de Cartagena, a converted Jew who became bishop of Burgos (1435-56), wrote several treatises dealing with conciliarism, which attest to his canonistic training. There also survives from his pen a compilation of papal decretals.

TEXT: Compilatio extravagantium

LITERATURE: B. Alonso Rodriguez, `Cartagena, Alfonso de', DHEE 1 (1972) 366-67. A. García y García, `Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 160; idem, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 419; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 229, 239.
 
 
 
 

Alfonso de Madrigal (El Tostado), born ca. 1410, was professor of theology at Salamanca. He participated at the council of Basel, composing various treatises expounding conciliarist arguments. A prolific writer, he also produced confessional works in Catalan. A. died as bishop of Avila in 1455.

TEXTS: 1. Confessional, EDITIONS: Salamanca 1498, 1499, 1512; Burgos 1500; Valladolid 1503; Alcalá 1516; Sevilla 1518, 1521; Toledo 1526; Logroño 1529; Medina del Campo 1544, 1545.

2. Breve forma de confesion, Early printed editions; Mondoñedo 1495, MANUSCRIPTS: Madrid, B.N. lat. 4183, fol. 1r-64v, lat. 4202, fol. 102ra-30rb; Salamanca, Univer. 1576, fol. 1r-32v.

3. De indulgentiis EDITION: J. Blaázques, `El "Tractatus absolutionis indulgentiarum" del Tostado', Miscelánea José Zunzunegui 1: Estudios Históricos (Vitoria 1975) 183-201.

4. De muliere Saracena transeunte ad ritum Iudaicum, MANUSCRIPT: Salamanca, Univer. 70, fol. 86ra-111va. The XIV conclusiones contra clericos concubinarios, which were edited, along with a gloss, in Alfonso Tostado's Opera omnia 20 (Venice 1529) = Opera omnia 12 (Cologne 1613) 58-71, are in fact the work of Martín de Galos, bishop of Coria (1420-36), and Antonio Rodríguez de Segovia.

LITERATURE: J. Blázquez, `El Tostado alumno graduado y profesor de la Universidad de Salamanca', Revista Española de Teologia 32 (1972) 47-54. A. García y García, `La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 420, 2 (1971) 185, 5 (1976) 352-56; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 244; idem, `Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 167-68. P. Silvano, Alfonso Tostado. Vita ed opere (Rome 1952).
 
 
 
 

Alfonso Díaz de Montalvo published a repertorium on the works of Nicolaus de Tudeschis (Panormitanus).

TEXT: Reperetorium operum Panormitani

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 246-47; idem, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano (II)', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiasticas en España 2 (Salamanca 1972) 183-85.
 
 
 
 

Alphonsus de Soto (late 15th c.), a native of Ciudad Rodrigo (Spain), spent much of his life as an advocate at the papal Curia. From his works there has survived a commentary on the rules Pope Innocent VIII had provided for the papal chancery.

TEXT: Commentarius in regulas cancellariae Innocentii VIII papae

Early Printed Edition: s.l., s.a. (Hain 870); EDITION: ed. J. Chockier (Rome) 1621.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 420. P. Richard, `Alphonse de Soto', DHGE 2 (1914) 756. Schulte, QL II 364.
 
 
 
 

Alfonso de Vargas, bishop of Cartagena (1349-61),and Avila (1361-72) and Cordoba (1372-78), appears as the author of a compilation of extravagantes (ca. 1349-61), which was based partly on texts from the extravagantes communes (glossed), partly on later decretals (unglossed).

TEXT: Compilatio constituionum seu extravagantium, MANUSCRIPT: Toledo, Bibl. del Cab. 8-1, fol. 1ra-318vb.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 239.
 
 
 
 

Altigradus de Cupraneis (see Altigradus de Lendinaria).
 
 
 
 

Altigradus de Lendinaria (or Aldegrito), held lectures on the Decretum in Bologna in 1289, and transferred to Padua in the following year. There he stayed until 1297, when he went to serve at the Roman curia. In 1304, he recveived the bishopric of Vicenza, but was expelled from the city seven years later. He died at Padua in 1314.

TEXTS: Questiones (dated 1289-90), MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 43 [P.II.23]; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 168-69.
 
 
 
 

Alvarotto Alvarotti (d. 1518) was a Paduan. In 1498, he was named ad ius pontificium publice interpretandum; A. was also abbreviator apostolicus in Rome, canonicus of the cathedral of Padua and of the basilica of S. Peter in Rome.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 356.
 
 
 
 

Alvarus Pelagius, better known for his accomplishments as a theological writer and papal polemicist, had according to his own assertions studied canon law at Bologna under Guido de Baysio (fl. 1300). Guido in turn referred to him once as decretorum doctor. He began teaching at Bologna in the first years of the thirteenth century and participated in several disputations, as Johannes Andreae remarked in his Novelle on Liber extra and the Sextus. None of these Questiones, however, have been found. However, there may survive a treatise of his on sacrilege. In 1304, Alvaro renounced his benefices and entered the spiritual wing of the Franciscans. As a staunch defender of the papacy against Louis of Bavaria, he became a close advisor of Pope John XXII. In 1333, received the bishopric of Silves in his native Portugal. He died in 1349.

TEXT: Tractatus de sacrilegio (authorship uncertain), MANUSCRIPTS: Escorial, MS e.I.5, fols.103va-104ra; Segovia, Bibl. del Cab. Vitr. 19 n.11, fol. 62va-63vb.

LITERATURE: A. Domingues de Sousa Costa, Estudos sobre Alvaro Pais (Lisbon 1966). A. García y García, `La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 420, 2 (1971) 185; idem, Estudios sobre la canonística portuguesa medieval (Madrid 1976) 133-38. N. Jung, Un franciscain théologien du pouvoir pontifical Alvarus Pelagius (1931). J. Miethke, QFIAB 54 (1974) 510. H.Roßmann, `Alvarus Pelagius', LMA 1 (1980) 497-98. A. D. de Sousa Costa, Estudos sobre Alvaro Pais (Lisbon 1966). J. Sbaralea, Supplementum ad scriptores ordinis minorum I (Rome 1908) 31-32. Schulte, QL II 202. B.Tierney, Origins of Papal infallibility (Leyden 1972).
 
 
 
 

Alvise da Ponte. A Paduan, he was teaching on the decretales in his city perhaps in 1500. From 1498 to 1506 (?) A. was further teaching civil law. The first mention of him as iuris utriusque doctor occurred in 1505.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 321, 340, 343.
 
 
 
 

Ambrosius von Heiligenkreuz, doctor decretorum, presided over a commission which Bishop Wernhard of Passau had assembled to ascertain the veracity of the so-called miracle of Korneuburg (1305). Ambrosius responded by writing a treatise on the procedural aspects of such an investigation.

TEXT: Tractatus

LITERATURE: A. Lhotsky, Quellenkunde zur mittelalterlichen Geschichte Österreichs (Vienna - Cologne - Graz 1963) 275-76.
 
 
 
 

Ambrosius de Vignate, professor at Torino, wrote treatises on usury and on heresy.

TEXTS:1. De usuris, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) VII.50.

2. De haeresi, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) XI

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 451-52.
 
 
 
 

Andrea de' Guatari Benzi was born at Siena in 1410 and studied the laws at Bologna, receiving the doctorate in 1430. After serving as podestà at Mantua (1439), he began to teach law, first at Bologna (since 1443). He lectured on canon law there, 1444-46, and then transferred to Florence (1447-50), Ferrara (1450-58) and again Bologna (1459-61). In 1461, Pope Pius II appointed him curial advocate. He died in 1471. His surving lecture materials, largely unstudied, seem to bear on civil law only.

LITERATURE: P. Craveri, `Benzi, Andrea (de` Guatari)', DBI 8 (1966) 712-14.
 
 
 
 

Andrea di Ser Matteo da Prato is mentioned as a `doctor utriusque iuris', judge and professor in an enactment, dated 1350, that bestowed upon him the Florentine citizenship.

LITERATURE: J. Kirshner, `Messer Francesco di Bici degli Albergotti d' Arezzo, citizen of Florence (1350-76)', BMCL 2 (1972) 85-86, 89-90.
 
 
 
 

Andrea Trevisan (Trevisanus), a Venetian by origin, lectured briefly on the Decretum during the absence of Domenico Can, the ordinary holder of the professorial chair at the University of Padua (ca. 1480).

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 329
 
 
 
 

Andreas Barbatius (also Andreas Siculus, Andrea Barbazza, Andreas Bartholomaei de Sicilia, etc.) was born in Messina between 1400 and 1410. Around 1430, he went to Bologna where he began to study medicine and, later, law. Johannes de Imola, Baptista de Sancto Pedro and, perhaps, Giovanni di Anagni where his teachers. A. obtained his doctorate in canon law in 1439, but was already teaching by 1438. In 1445, Nicholas II of Ferrara called him to teach canon law there. He remained until 1446, when he returned to Bologna, which, by 1442, had granted him citizenship. A. thus became the head of a new Bolognese family of enduring fame. Its palace still survives today, facing Via Garibaldi. A. taught both civil and canon law at Bologna until 1478. Among Andreas's students were Antonio Corsetto (Corsetti), Rodrigo Borgia (later pope Alexander VI), Bartholomaeus Socinus, and Hippolytus de Marsiliis. Besides his work as teacher A. also participated in legal proceedings and wrote Consilia for his clients, among which we can number pope Paul II and King Ferdinand of Aragon. A. died at Bologna in 1479.

TEXTS: 1. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Milan 1489-90 (vols 1-2); Venice 1500 (vols.3-4), 1550, 1563, 1580, 1581; Lyons 1559, MANUSCRIPTS: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna Cod. H, Cod.74; Ferrara, Bibl. Comm. 550.

2. Lecturae sive repetitiones in titulos diversos

A. Tit. de constitutionibus et c. Cum M. Ferrariensis, Early Printed Edition: Bologna 1491 (Hain 2442), MANUSCRIPT: Lucca, Duomo 188, B. tit. de offic. delegati, ordinarii, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1474, Pavia 1498 (Hain 2449-50), MANUSCRIPT: Lucca, Duomo 272 C. tit. de judiciis, Early Printed Edition: Bologna 1496 (Hain 2444) D. tit. de foro competenti usque ad tit. de dilationibus, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1497, Bologna 1498 (Hain 2445-46) E. tit. de probationibus, Early Printed Edition: Bologna 1497 (Hain 2451) F. Testimonium, tit. de testibus, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1574 (Hain 2443) G. Tit. de fide instrumentorum

Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1474; Milan 1491, 1493 (Hain 2438-40)

H. tit. de rebus eccl. alien., Early Printed Editions: Naples 1476; Bologna 1488; Pavia 1497 (Hain 2435-37) I. tit. de testamentis, Early Printed Edition: Bologna 1490 (Hain 2447) K. Raynaldus, tit. de test. (or Johannina), Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1475; Pavia 1486 (Hain 2430-31)

3. Tractatus de praestantia cardinalium, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1487 (Hain 2428); Lyons 1518; also in Tractatus universi iuris XII.2 (Venice 1580)

4. Tractatus de Cardinalibus a latere legatis, Early Printed Editions: Lyons 1518; also in Tractatus universi iuris XIII. 2

5. Tractatus de praetensionibus, Early Printed Edition: Bologna 1497

6. Commentaria super I, II et III librum decretalium, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1508 1511, 1571.

7. Additiones ad Nicolai de Tudeschis Commentaria super decretalibus, Early Printed Edition: Along with Panormitanus's works, ed. in Commentaria super Clementinas (Paris 1517)

LITERATURE: A. Amanieu, `Andreas Siculus', DDC 1 (1935) 520-21. A. Besta, `Le fonti', Storia del diritto italiano 1.2, ed. P. del Giudice (Milan 1923-25) 892-94. F. Liotta, `Barbazza Andrea', DBI VI (1964) 146-48. F. Marletta, `Un episodio della vita di Andrea Barbazza', Archivio Storico Messinese 40-49 (1939-48) 23-34. G. Sabatini, `Un nuovo documento su Andrea Barbazza giurista bolognese', Studi e Memorie per la Storia dell'Università di Bologna 6 (1921) 33-35. Schulte QL II 306-311. A. Trombetti Budriesi, `Andrea Barbazza tra mondo bolognese e mezzogiorno d'Italia', Scuole, diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d'Italia, ed. M. Bellomo (Catania 1985) 1.287-324.
 
 
 
 

Andreas de Escobar, born at Lisbon in 1348, joined first the Dominicans, then (1399) the Augustinians, and finally became a Benedictine monk. In 1393, he obtained his doctorate in theology at Vienna and was later made proctor of the Duke of Austria at the papal curia, where he also served a papal penitentiary. He wrote several treatises on practical and pastoral matters such as confession and the payment of tithes. He further wrote a pamphlet concerning the agenda and organization of the Council of Basel, which he dedicated to the presiding Cardinal Giuliano Cesarini (1431). But towards the end of his very long life (d. 1448), he complained that he was never properly rewarded for his academic efforts. His income as bishop of Ciudad Rodrigo (since 1408), then Ajaccio (1422), and finally Megara (1428) was obviously low. His manuals on confession, however, eventually became a tremendous success.

TEXTS: 1. Lumen confessorum, Early Printed Editions: Hain 9251-58, MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Theol. 101 and Theol. 211; Breslau, Univ. II.F.88; Cambrai, Bibl. Munic. 272; Munich, Clm 3712; Cml 5966; Clm 7599; Clm 9760; Paris, Bibl. Maz. 1138; Prague, Univ. knihovna IX B.7, fol. 326-72, and V.G.13, fol. 62-142; Vatican City, Vat. Reg. lat. 442; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 4212; lat. 4463.

2. Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi, Early Printed Editions: Hain 997-1017, 11009-10, 11451-55; Deventer 1504, Strasbourg 1508, MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Theol. 101, Theol. 211, Theol. 214, Theol 225, Cambrai, Bibl. Munic. 261, Munich, Clm 672; Clm 5932; Clm 15185; Clm 17592; Clm 28384; Paris, B.N. lat. 1805; Strasbourg, Bibl. Munic. 126; Vatican City, Vat. Reg. lat. 431.

3. Confessio maior, MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. theol. lat. 412, fols. 150ra-76va; a Spanish version in Madrid, B.N. 4183, fol. 65r-71r.

4. De decimis, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris XV.2 (Venice 1584) fols.142v-147vb, MANUSCRIPTS: Melk, Stiftsbibl. 4; Göttweig, Stiftsbibl. 37; Paris, B.N. lat. 10745; Prague, Univ. knihovna I.C.15; Stuttgart, Landesbibl. vi.117, fols.1r-13v.

5. Canones penitentiales, EDITION: F. Wasserschleben, Die Bussordnungen der abendländischen Kirche (Hallle 1851 = Graz 1958) 688-705.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 420-21, 5 (1976) 356-59; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 233; idem. Estudios sobre la canonística portuguesa medieval (Madrid 1976) 139-42. A. De Sousa Costa, Mestre André Dias de Escobar, figura ecuménica do século XV (Rome - Porto 1967). P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuals de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 70-71. Schulte, QL II 439-41. A. D. de Sousa Costa, Mestre André Dias de Escobar, figura ecuménica do século XV (Roma - Porto 1967). R. Stapper, `Das "Lumen confessorum" des Andreas Didaci', Römische Quartalsschrift fúr christliche Altertumskunde und Kirchengeschichte 11 (1897) 271-85.
 
 
 
 

Andreas Lipiavicz (15th c.) was the author of a procedural manual that, according to the title, was conformed to the rules applied at the secular and ecclesiastical courts of Poland.

TEXT: Processus iudicarius utriusque fori in regno Poloniae, MANUSCRIPT: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol 137.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 364.
 
 
 
 

Andreas Rommel (15th c.), a `doctor utriusque iuris' wrote a treatise on indulgences and left a consilium concerning witnesses.

TEXTS: 1. De indulgentiis, MANUSCRIPT: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 687, fol. 352-

2. Consilium in materia de testibus, MANUSCRIPT: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 687, fol. 327-51.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 365.
 
 
 
 

Andreas Siculus (see Andreas Barbatius)
 
 
 
 

Aneas de Folconibus, a doctor from Padua, wrote additions to the Repetitiones of Nicholaus de Tudeschis that were published with the latter's work in Lyons, 1524.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 313 n.5.
 
 
 
 

Aneas Silvio Piccolomini (see Pius II, Pope)
 
 
 
 

Angelo Carletti da Chiavasso (d.1495), a Franciscan observant from Milan who spent much of his life as the vicar general of the order at the papal curia, wrote a widely circulating penitential Summa. His main sources were the works of his equally successful predecessors, Bartholomaeus de San Concordo (Summa Pisana) and Monaldus (Monaldina). Martin Luther burnt an exemplar of the Summa, which he called Diabolica, in a protest against catholic penitential discipline in 1520. A. also wrote a Consilium condemning the Monte dell doti of Florence and another supporting it.

TEXTS: 1. Summa Angelica, Early Printed Editions: Chiavasso 1486; Venice 1487 (twice), 1489, 1491, 1499; Speyer 1488; Nürnberg 1488, 1492, 1498; Strasbourg 1489, 1495, 1498; Lyons 1492, 1494, 1497, 1500 (Hain 5381-5401); Haguenau 1509; Strasbourg 1513; Lyons 1513 and 1592; Venice 1569, 1578, 1582.

2. De restitutionibus, EDITION: by P. Marentini (Rome 1771-72).

3. Super bullis Sixti IV, Early Printed Edition: s.a., s.l. (Florence, Bibl. naz.).

LITERATURE: M. Bessone, Il Beato Angelo Carletti da Chiavasso (Cuneo 1950). J. Dietterle, `Die "Summae confessorum (sive de casibus conscientie)" von ihren Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 27 (1906) 296-310. Julius Kirshner, `A "Consilium" of Angelo da Chivasso on the Monte delle doti of Florence', Proceedings Salamanca (MIC C-6; Vatican City 1980) 435-41. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 99-100. J. Sbaralea, Supplementum ad scriptores ordinis minorum I (Rome 1908) 43-44. Schulte, QL II 452-53.
 
 
 
 

Angelo da Castro (c. 1410-1485). After studying in Padua he received his doctorate there in utroque iure in 1436. Since 1437, A. was teaching Roman Law in Bologna, but already a year later he began to participate in academic activities at the University of Padua. In 1439, he became professor of Canon Law. He continued to teach law, mostly in Padua, until his death, but was also occasionally employed in Rome, Bologna and other Italian cities. Thus he spent some time in Rome as a consistorial advocat. Besides his activity as a teacher, A. participated often in the life of the city of Padua as judge and lawyer. He died in Padua in 1485.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura in I librum Decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Trier, Stadtbibl. 869/1628.

2. Recollecta super primo libro Decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 107

3. Lectura in II librum Decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Bologna Coll. di Spagna 99.

4. Lectura in secundam partem libri II Decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6580

5. Lectura in tit. de appellationibus (X. 2.28.1-15), MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6584.

6. Lectura in librum III, MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 6572; Clm 6586.

7. Lectura in IV librum, MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6587.

8. Lectura super quibusdam titulis libri secundi Decretalium, MAANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 108

9. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Several consilia concerning marrage cases have been printed in Consiliorum matrimonialium .. volumen I (Venice 1572) n. 27, 30-31, 33-34, 36, 40, MANUSCRIPTS: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 212; Leiden, Rijksuniversiteit, d'Ablaing 33; Munich, Clm 6661; Clm 4244; Clm 6573; Nuremberg, Stadtbibl., Cent. VI 7; Padua, Bibl. Univer., n. provv. 275; Padua, Bibl. Univ. 1268; Perugia, San Pietro, CM 57; Pesaro, Bibl. Oliveriana, 98; Ravenna, Bibl. Classense, 450 and 485 (voll. IV, V, IX only); Venice, Bibl. Nazionale Marciana, lat. V 2; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 5054.

10. Tractatus, MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6674

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 119-23. M.Dal Zio Billanovich, `L'attività editoriale di Giovanni Domenico del Negro e i "consilia" di Angelo da Castro', Quaderni per la storia dell'Università di Padova 15 (1982) 107-12. P. C. Boeren, `Les "Apostillae" de Michel Carcano de Milan, O. F. M., au "Consilium de usuris" d'Ange de Castro', Archivum Franciscanum historicum 63 (1970) 174-77. G. D'Amelio, `Castro, Angelo da', DBI 22 (1979) 223-25. N. Del Re, `Paolo di Castro, dottore della verità', Studi senesi 3rd series, 19 (1970) 211-13. M. P. Rigoni, `Una conferma in ruolo a metà del XV sec. ..., Quaderni per la storia dell'Università di Padova 6 (1973) 163 and 165-67. G. Schizzerotto, Le incisioni quattrocentesche della Classense(Ravenna 1971) 83-85.
 
 
 
 

Angelus de Amelia, quoted as a `decretorum doctor' in a consilium which is included in a miscellaneous collection of consilia in a manuscript at Cornell University, Ithaca N.Y.

TEXTS consilium, Cornell University, Olin Library MS K5++, pp. 124-28.

LITERATURE: P. Peruzzi, `Angelus de Amelia, Decretorum doctor qui fuit tempore Bartoli (1307 ca. - 1366 ca.)', Studi Urbinati 44 (1975-76) 1-109.
 
 
 
 

Angelus de Besutio, from Milan, signed a contract with the University of Freiburg in 1497, obliging him to teach canon law for two years. Later he became rector there and a canon at Rheinfelden (until 1511). In 1516, he was appointed to serve as a judge in the imperial court for Burgundy. No writings of his seem to have survived.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 341 n.1.
 
 
 
 

Angelus Carletus (see Angelo Carletti)
 
 
 
 

Angelus de Castellone was author of several (canonistic?) consilia.

MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 19514, fol. 169-243 (together with Consilia of other jurists).

LITERATURE: J. Tarrant, `The life and works of Jesselin de Cassagnes', BMCL 9 (1979) 61.
 
 
 
 

Angelus Felici of Perugia taught canon law at Perugia in the late 15th century.

TEXT: Repetitio (on VI 1.3.9.), MANUSCRIPT: Washington, Cath. Univ. 184, fol. 230-242r.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, `Manuscripts and incunabula exhibited at the inauguration of the Institute in May 1956', Traditio 12 (1956) 615.
 
 
 
 

Angelus de Gambilionibus (de Aretio), received his doctorate in law at Bologna in 1422. He lectured on the Institutes at Ferrara and Bologna (1441-45). Likewise, his literary activities were concentrated on civil law, although there survives a treatise on the laws against witchcraft.

TEXT: Tractatus in practica maleficiorum, Early Printed Editions: Hain 1602-4.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 365.
 
 
 
 

Angelus a Perusio (see Angelus de Ubaldis).
 
 
 
 

Angelus de Ubaldis senior (d. 1423), brother of the more famous Baldus, taught Roman law at Florence, Bologna, and Padua. In his consilia, he also dealt with canonical matters.

TEXTS: Consilia et responsa, Early printed editions: [no location - no date]; Patavia 1476; Venice 1487; Pavia 1498; Paris 1498; Pavia 1499: Hain 15861-66), MANUSCRIPTS: Leiden, D'Ablaing 27, fol. 12-179r (#1-161); Lucca, Bibl. Commun. 399 (dated 1473); Lüneburg, Iurid. E.fol.9a; Pistoia, Arch. Comm. Misc. 144; Stuttgart, Landesbibl. HB VI 45, fol. 30v-135ra.

LITERATURE: P. Colliva, `Angelo degli Ubaldi e le "Constitutiones Aegidianae",' Archivio giuridico 184 (1973) 103-20. T. Diplovatatius, Liber de claris iuris consultis, edd. G. Rabotti et al., SG 10 (1968) 308-11. T. Izbicki, `"Ista questio est antique": Two consilia on widow's rights', BMCL 8 (1978) 47-49. S. Reymond Munari, `La Stampa dei "Consilia" di Bartolomeo Montagnana e dei "Consilia" di Angelo Ubaldi in due contratti del 1475', Quaderni per la storia dell' Università di Padova 13 (1980) 182-87. O. Scalvanti, `Angelo degli Ubaldi', L'opera di Baldo (Perugia 1901) 279-98.
 
 
 
 

Antonius Niger de Viterbo (de Velluleto) was a Franciscan from Viterbo (1288-90) and Todi (1295-96). He supported the hierocratic claims of Pope Boniface.

TEXT: Expositio decretalis `Unam sanctam' Bonifacii VIII, MANUSCRIPT: Venice, SS. Giovanni e Paolo 251, fol. 46-114.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praediactorum medii aevi 1 (Rome 1970) 76
 
 
 
 

Antoninus of Florence (1389-1459), a Florentine Dominican from the Forciglione family, became archbishop of Florence in 1446. He was the author of many, mostly theological, works of tremendous influence, which were soon to be translated into Italian and also circulated in various adaptations. Among these writings, a manual on confession became the most popular. Antoninus was canonized in 1523.

TEXTS (legal only): 1. Summa moralis, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1477-80; Nürnberg 1477-79 (GW 2185-98a).

A. Tractatus de censuris ecclesiasticis (cf. Summa 3.24-29), Early Printed Editions: Venice 1474.

2. Tractatus de indulgentiis (cf. Summa 1.10.3), Early Printed Edition: Deventer 1476.

3. Tractatus de simonia (cf. Summa 2.1.4-5), MANUSCRIPTS: Ferrara, Bobl. comm. ii.85; Oxford, Bodl. Can. Pat. lat. 22, lat. 32, lat. 73; Padua, Bibl. Univ. 564, fol. 126-56; Paris, B.N. nouv. acq. lat. 864, fol. 363-93; Rome, Bibl. Casanat. 923; Vercelli, Bibl. Agnes.

4. Tractatus de restitutione (cf. Summa 2.2.1), Early Printed Editions: together with the Confessionale.

5. Tractatus de usuris (cf. Summa 2.1.6-7), MANUSCRIPTS: Ancona, Bibl. cap. 3; Ferrara, Bibl. comm. ii.85; Florence, BN J.i.38, fol. 86-89v; Oxford, Bodl. Can. Pat. lat. 32, lat. 81, fol. 184v-90, lat. 274; Pavia, Bibl. Univ. Aldini 64, fol. 1-15; Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 718, fol. 22-26.

6. Confessionale, Early Printed Editions: The work exists in two recensions: Hain 1165-1203, 1206-7, 1210; Lyons 1502; Strasbourg 1508; Haguenau 1508; Basel 1511; Lyons 1513 and 1516.

LITERATURE: A. Amanieu, `Antonin (saint)', DDC 1 (1935) 632-33. R. Creytens, `Les cas de conscience soumis à S. Antonin de Florence par Dominique de Catalogne, O.P.', Archivum fratrum praedicatorum 28 (1958) 149-220; idem, `Les "consilia" de S. Antonin de Florence', AFP 37 (1967) 263-342. T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praediactorum medii aevi 1 (Rome 1970) 80-100. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge(Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 73-75. Schulte, QL II 444-45. S. Orlandi, S. Antonino 1-2 (Florence 1959-60), 3 (Rome 1961). H. Wilms, `Das Confessionale Defecerunt des heiligen Antoninus', Divus Thomas (Freiburg 1948) 99-108.
 
 
 
 

Antonio Bagarotti (b. Padua 31 May 1477, d. Milan 1555). After receiving his doctorate (1507), A. taught in Padua for some time; in 1508-09 he was certainly teaching canon law there. Then he went on into imperial service chiefly carrying out military commissions. For his service he received a standing income. He died in Milan in 1555.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 330. N. Ramponi, `Bagarotti, Antonio', DBI 5 (1963) 167-68.
 
 
 
 

Antonio Borromeo (d. 1509). From 1490 until at least 1494, Antonio was teaching canon law in Padua.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 132.
 
 
 
 

Antonio da Burgos (Salamanca 1450-Rome 1525). A. studied law at Bologna and was a member of the Collegium Hispanicum from 1484 to 1490 and obtained his doctorate in canon law there in 1491. In the same year he began teaching also at Bologna, where he remained until 1513, except for a pause from 1506-09 when he was called to teach in Padua. Thereafter, he moved to Rome to work as an advocate.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitiones

A. Repetitio in rubricam de constitutionibus (X. 1.2), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes II (Venice 1587, Cologne 1618), fol. 13v- 15v

B. Repetitio in c. Canonum statuta, tit. de constitutionibus (X. 1.2.1), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones II, fol. 75r-79r

C. Repetitio in c. Cum omnes, tit. de constitutionibus (X. 1.2.6) Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones II, fol. 130v-136r

D. Repetitio i c. Quae in ecclesiarum, tit. de constitutionibus (X. 1.2.7), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones II, fol. 148r-154r

E. Repetitio in c. Cum accessisset, tit. de constitutionibus (X. 1.2.8)

Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones II, fol. 178r-183r

F. Repetitio in c. Ecclesiae Sanctae Mariae, tit. de constitutionibus (X. 1.2.10), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones II, fol. 186v-192v

G. Repetitio in rubricam de rescriptis (X. 1.3), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones II, fol. 192r-v

H. Repetitio in c. Sicut Romana, tit. de rescriptis (X. 1.3.1), Early Printed Edition: RepetitionesII, fol. 193r-196r

I. Repetitio in c. Ex parte, tit. de rescriptis (X. 1.3.2), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones II, fol. 197r-199r

K. Repetitio in c. Ceterum, tit. de rescriptis (X. 1.3.3), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones II, fol. 199r-202v

L. Repetitio in c. Inter ceteras, tit. de rescriptis (X. 1.3.4), Early Printed Edition: RepetitionesII, fol. 202v-203r

M. Repetitio in c. De Quodvultdeo, tit. de iudiciis (X. 2.1.1), Early Printed Edition: RepetitionesII, fol. 43r-48v

N. Repetitio in c. Decernimus, tit. de iudiciis (X. 2.1.2), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones II, fol. 54v-57r)

O. Repetitio in c. Quanto, tit. de iudiciis (X. 2.1.3), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones II, fol. 57r-v

P. Repetitio in c. At si clerici, tit. de iudiciis (X. 2.1.4), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones II, fol. 57v-64v

Q. Repetitio in c. Intelleximus, tit. de iudiciis (X. 2.1.7), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones II, fol. 86r-88r

R. Repetitio in rubricam de appellationibus (X. 2.28), Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1575.

S. Repetitio in tit. de emptione et venditione (X. 3.17.1-7), Early Printed Editions: Pavia 1471 (Hain 1279); Ticini 1511; Parma 1574; Venice 1575; Repetitiones II, fol. 248v-274r.

2. Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: Siena, Bibl. Comunale degli Intronati, I IV 7

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 132-34. E. Martellozzo Forin, `Due professori di diritto alla ricerca di una condotta: Antonio da Burgos (1509) e Antonio Baculi da Cattaro (1549)', Quaderni per la storia dell'Università di Padova 3 (1970) 145-48. C. Piana, Nuovi documenti sull'Università di Bologna e sul Collegio di Sapagna (Studia Albornotiana 23; Bologna 1976) 138-45. Pérez Martín, `Los Colegios de doctores en Bolonia y su relacion con España', Anuario de historia del derecho español 48 (1978) 5-90 at 53-55; idem, Proles Aegidiana (Zaragoza y Bolonia 1979) 420-22, 2218 (with bibliography). Schulte, QL II 365-66.
 
 
 
 

Antonio Canals, from Valencia, wrote a Catalan penitential Summa in 1413. He died in 1419.

TEXT:Tractat de confessió, MANUSCRIPT: Barcelona, Arch. de Palau.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 243. T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 1 (Rome 1970) 105-08.
 
 
 
 

Antonio Capodilista (also de Capiteliste, Capilistius, Caodelista) (1420-1489). A. pursued a career in the Church and held the office of of an apostolic protonotary and rector of the Churches of San Giacomo in Padua, San Floriano in Marostica, and San Giorgio in Campretto before beginning the study of law by the early 1440's. A. studied first civil law and then canon law. In 1445 he received a doctorate in both laws. Since 1445 he taught canon law at Padua. There he also carried out his activities as canon and lawyer. A. died in Padua, his hometown, in 1489.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 353. G. A. Berti, Memorie edite ed inedite della famiglia Capodilista, cc. 16-19, 23, 56-57, 63, 66 (B. P. 2158). O. Ruffino, `Capodilista (de Capiteliste, Capilistius, Caodelista), Antonio', DBI 18 (1975) 631-33.
 
 
 
 

Antonio Cocchi (de Cocchis) Donati was born at Florence in 1450. He studied law at Siena and Perugia, before he became doctor of civil law in 1473. His career as a teacher of canon and, occasionally Roman, law began at Pisa the same year, only to be terminated by his death in 1491. Unlike many of his colleagues, he never aspired an office in communal administration and was fully devoted to academic affairs. The number of his writings seems rather limited, but still awaits full investigation.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitiones, MANUSCRIPTS: Perugia, Bibl. comm. E.61.

2. Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: Florence, Bibl. naz. Magliab. XIX.188, XIX.202; Pisa, Bibl. univ. Ronc. 22, 25.

LITERATURE: L. Migler, `Cocchi Donati (Cocho, Coccus, de Cocchis), Antonio', DBI 26 (1982) 495-98.
 
 
 
 

Antonio Corsetto (Corsetti), born at Noto (Sicily) around 1450, joined the clerical ranks and studied at Bologna under Andrea Barbazza, his 'fellow Sicilian'. He received a doctorate in both laws in 1479 and lectured on canon law until 1487, when he transferred to Padua. There he produced most of his writings, which abound in scholarly annotations considered too bulky and old fashioned by some of his contemporaries. Pope Alexander VI nevertheless made him judge of the Roman Rota(1500). A year later, the Spanish king elevated him to the bishopric of Malta, but he never took possession of it. He died c. 1503.

TEXTS: 1. Singularia et notabilia, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1477 (first recension); Padua 1490 (second recension).

2. Repertorium in opera Nicolai de Tudeschis, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1486, and later appended to the editions of Panormitanus' Commentary on the Decretales.

3. Repetitiones

A. in titulo De iureiurando, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1490.

B. Repetitio capituli Grandi, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1493.

4. Tractatus, De auctoritate glossae, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris 18 (Venice 1584), fol. 186vb-87ra.

B. De verbis geminatis, de minimis, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris 18 (Venice 1584), fol. 266va-73ra.

C. Tractatus fallentiorum ad regulam Spoliatus ante omnia restituendus, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris III.2 (Venice 1584), fol. 325va-26vb.

D. De privilegiis pacis, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris 12 (Venice 1584), fol. 224ra-27va.

E. De potestate et excellentia regia, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1499.

5. Consilia

A. De monte pietatis, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1493.

B. Ad status fratrum Ihesuatorum, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1495.

LITERATURE: H. Hoberg, `Der Informationsprozess über die Qualifikation des Rotarichters Antonio Corsetto (1500)', Mélanges E. Tisserant IV (Vatican City 1946) 389-406. A. Mazzacane, `Corsetto (Corsetti), Antonio', DBI 29 (1983) 540-42. L. Sighinolfi, `La condotta del canonista Antonio Corsetto da Bologna a Padova (1487)', Studi e memorie per la storia dell'Università di Bologna 7 (1922) 139-51.
 
 
 
 

Antonius Franciscus de Doctoribus (Antonio Francesco Dottori) (1442-1528). He was teaching civil law at Padua around 1464 and received his doctorate in the following year. Probably by 1472, he taught canon law there as well, and continued lecturing through the 1470's. Between 1480-82, he briefly joined the studium at Ferrara, but seems to have returned to his hometown by 1485. In 1488, he obtained the chair of 'secundus locus ordinarius iuris canonici', which he held until 1498 when Bertuccio Bagarotti took his place. In the following years he taught alternatively civil and canon law. During the war of the league of Cambrai, he was put first into prison and then interned by the city from 1513 to 1517, accused of having supported the Emperor Maximilian, before he was finally reinstated. Antonio died in 1528. Throughout his life he played an active part in the communal life of Padua as a lawyer and consultant.

TEXTS: 1. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Of two consilia concerning matrimonial law in Consiliorum matrimonialium .. volumen I (Venice 1572) n. 68-69; MANUSCRIPIT: Ravenna, Bibl. Classense, 485, vol. IV.

2. Additiones to the Commentary of Panormitanus on the Decretals of Gregory IX:  Many editions, e.g. Venice: 1582.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 150-52. A. Sartori, `Documenti padovani sull'arte della stampa nel sec. XV, in Libri e stampatori in Padova, Miscellanea di studi in onore di G. Bellini, tipografo editore libraio (Padova 1959) 111-231. Schulte, QL II 366.
 
 
 
 

Antonio Ducci (de Ducis). A Florentine. He was teaching decretum in Padua in 1412. He was also vicar of Fantino Dandolo, bishop of Padua, and of Ludovico Barbo, bishop of Treviso.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori e giuristi 326. L. Pesce, Ludovico Barbo vescovo di Treviso (1437-1443). Cura pastorale, riforma della Chiesa, spiritualità (Italia sacra. Studi e documenti di storia ecclesiastica 9-10; Padua 1969).
 
 
 
 

Antonio de Gentilibus, born at Tortona, received his doctorate in civil law at Pavia in 1398. Baldus was one of his examiners. He later became a member of the delegation sent by the Duke of Milan to the Council of Constance (1414-18) which indicates the high reputation he must have enjoyed in his native region as a professor of law. Information about his canonistic teaching survives for the years 1431-32, when he lectured on the Liber sextus and the Clementine at the University of Pavia. The following year (1432-33) he failed to appear personally in class, although he had been hired to teach again. Ill health probably accounted for his absence, since the records of the University refer to him as dead ('quondam dominus Antonius') in 1434.

TEXT: Repertorium alphabeticum iuris, EDITION: The preface has been printed by A. Bernal-Palacios, BMCL 19 (1989); MANUSCRIPTS: Cordoba, Catedral MSS 8-9; Subiaco, Santa scolastica 8, fol. 1-477 (L-Z); Vienna, ÖNB lat. 5040 (A-K); and lat. 5037 (L-Z); Vatican City, Vat. Ottob. lat. 1596, fol. 1ra-392vb (letters A-K); and Vat. Ottob. lat. 1597, fol. 1ra-320rb (letter L-Z); Vat. Pal. lat. 800, fol. 1ra-348vb (letter A-K); and Vat. Pal. lat. 801, fol. 1ra-343vb (letter L-Z); Ross. 1081 (A-I) and 1082, fol. 1ra-368vb (I-Z).

LITERATURE: A. Bernal-Palacios, `El profesor de Pavia, Antonio de Gentilibus, y su "Repertorium alphabeticum iuris",' BMCL 19 (1989). Codice diplomatico dell'Università di Pavia(Pavia 1913) I.387; II.291, 302, 307, 341.
 
 
 
 

Antonio Leone. A Paduan. In 1442 he was teaching Roman or canon law in Padua.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 346, 353.
 
 
 
 

Antonio Marcello. In 1434 he was probably teaching decretals in Padua.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 137.
 
 
 
 

Antonio Minucci da Pratovecchio, fifteenth century canonist who, at the request of Pope Eugenius IV, wrote a consilium on just war in 1436.

TEXTS: Consilium, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1932, fol. 100r-112v

LITERATURE: James Muldoon, `A fifteenth-century application of the canonistic theory of the just war', Proceedings Toronto (MIC C-5; Vatican City 1976) 467-80. M. de Witte, `Les bulles pontificales et l'expansion portugaise au XVe siècle', RHE 48 (1953) 700-702.
 
 
 
 

Antonio di Raho lectured on the Liber sextus at Naples since 1481. He became a high magistrate of the city in 1496 and died in 1504.

LITERATURE: E. Cortese, `Sulla scienza giuridica a Napoli tra Quattro e Cinquecento', Scuole diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d'Italia I (Catania 1985) 82 n.134.
 
 
 
 

Antonio da San Leonardo. A Paduan. In 1441 he was certainly teaching in Padua either civil or canon law.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 346, 352.
 
 
 
 

Antonio de San Pietro, named as `ordinarius legens iura canonica', in a consilium contained in a miscellaneous collection of consilia in a fourteenth century manuscript at Cornell University. The contents of the manuscript seems to be limited to jurists of Perugia, suggesting that this canonist taught there.

TEXTS: Cornell University, Olin Library MS K5++, pp. 141-48.

LITERATURE:
 
   

Antonio Rodríguez (Ruiz) de Segovia was a doctor decretoum at the Salamanca and taught there on the Gregorian Decretals between 1410 and 1447. He wrote a canonistic gloss on a treatise by Martín de Galos against clergy living in concubinage.

TEXT: Gloss on the Tractatus contra sacerdotes concubinarios, EDITIONS: In the Opera omnia20 of Alfonso de Madrigal (El Tostado), ed. Venice 1529, fol. 2r-9v = Opera omnia 12 (Cologne 1613) 58-71; MANUSCRIPTS: Segovia, Cab. 5-5-27 and 5-5-23.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 5 (Salamanca) 354-56.
   
 

Antonio Turchetto (Turchettus) (d.1505). In 1472 he was teaching either canon or civil law at Padua. In 1476 he was also promotore.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 348, 355.
 
 
 

Antonio di Vanni Strozzi (?) is mentioned as the author of a consilium, dated 1519, to be found in the Carte Strozziane of the Florentine Archives.

TEXT: Consilium, MANUSCRIPT: Florence, Archivio di stato, Carte Strozziane Ser. 3.41, vol. 6, fol. 182v.

LITRATURE: J. Kirshner - J. Pluss, `Two fourteenth-century opinions on dowries, paraphernalia and non-dotal goods', BMCL 9 (1979) 70 n.14.
   
 
 

Antonius de Butrio (Antonio da Budrio). Born ca. 1338 as a Bolognese citizen, Antonius studied canon law in Bologna under Petrus de Ancarano. He received a doctorate in civil law in 1384, and one in canon law in 1387. Celebrated primarily as a teacher of law, his juristic writings received a mixed and often negative treatment from later jurists. From 1387 until his death in 1408, Antonius migrated frequently to teaching positions in Bologna, Perugia, Florence and Ferrara. In 1406/07 Antonius took part in a papal mission to the antipope Benedict XIII in an attempt to resolve the schism through the uia cessionis. His most important students were Johannes de Imola and Dominicus de Sancto Geminiano.

TEXTS:

1. Commentaria in quinque libros decretalium, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1473, 1474; Milan 1488 (Hain 4174-76); Milan 1489.

2. Commentaria in Sextum, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1499.

3. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Not all of them have appeared in print; Rome 1472, 1474; Pavia 1492; Venice 1493; Lyons 1541; Venice 1575; MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 3622.

4. De schismate tollendo, EDITION: Annales ecclesiastici XV (Cologne 1622) 268-70, 1407

5. Tractatus ad cardinales Pisanum comcilium habentes, EDITION: G. Mansi in S. Conciliorum amplissima collectio XXVII, (Venice 1784) 313-330 (from the MS in Lucca)

MANUSCRIPT: Lucca, Bibl. Capitolare (fragmentary).

6. Tractatus de iure patronatus, Editions: Frankfurt 1581, 1609

7. Tractatus de emptionibus et venditionibus et de notorio, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus illustrium in utraque tom pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) 4.50-57. 10. Tractatus de simonia, MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Collegio Albornoz

9. Speculum de confessione, Early Printed Editions: Vicenza 1476; Venice 1586; cf. Hain 4183-85.

10. Repetitiones sive Lecturae, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1474; Pavia 1493 (Hain 4181-82); Repetitiones in universas fere universi iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587) 4

11. Repertorium in iure canonico, MANUSCRIPTS: Bologna, Collegio Albornoz 120; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 5020.

LITERATURE: A.Amanieu, `Antoine de Butrio', DDC 1 (1935) 630-31. E. Gualandi, `Di due lapidi sepolcrali ancora esistenti in S. Michele in Bosco di Bologna (Egidio de' Lobia e Antonio da Budrio)', Atti e Memorie della Deputazione di storia patria per le provincie di Romagna. Nuova serie 7 (1955-56) 336-58. Berthe M. Marti, `Gomez versus the Spanish College at Bologna', Didascaliae: Studies in honor of Anselm Albareda, S.Prete ed. (NY 1961) 293-319. L. Prosdocimi, `Antonio da Budrio (Antonius de Butrio)', DBI 3 (1961) 540-43. Schulte, QL II 289-94.
 
  
 

Antonius de Canario (d. 1451). Born in Ravenna and, after receiving his doctorate, active there as an advocate all through his life.

TEXTS: 1. De insinuationibus (completed 1440), Early Printed Editions: Pescia 1485; Milan 1493 (Hain 4324-25)

2. De excusatore, Early Printed Editions: Pescia 1485; Milan 1493 (Hain 4324-25)

3. De executione instrumentorum, Early Printed Editions: Pescia 1486, 1491; Siena 1487; Milan 1493 (Hain 4308-11).

4. De potestate papae supra concilium generale, MANUSCRIPTS: Genova (?)

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 366.
 
 
 
 

Antonius Corsetus Siculus (also `Barbatinus') was born in Noto (Sicily) c. 1450. He attended the school in his native city and became a monk at an early age. Later, he studied under Andreas Barbatius at Bologna, where he obtained his doctorate in utroque iure in 1479. Before his doctorate he was already holding lectures, and in 1479 he became professor of canon law in Bologna and held this position until 1487. Then he went to Padua to teach canon law until 1500. A.'s most famous student was Diplovatatius. At the request of Pope Alexander VI, he became a judge of the Roman Rota, in 1500, and remained in Rome until his death in 1503, although he was named bishop of Malta by the King Ferdinand the Catholic.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitiones

A. Repetitio in tit. de officio iudicis delegati (X. 1.29), MANUSCRIPT: Cordoba, Arch. Catedral.

B. Repetitio in tit. de iureiurando (X. 2.24), Early Printed Editions: Venice 1490; Mailand 1492 (Hain 5766-67).

C. Rep. in c. Grandi (VI. 1.8.2), Early Printed Editions: Venice 1493/94.

2. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: One is printed in Consiliorum seu responsorum ad causas criminales .. vol. II, ed. I. B. Ziletti (Venice 1579; also Venice 1579) n.25.

3. Consilium super Monte pietatis, Early Printed Edition: Padua 1493.

4. Tractatus ad status pauperum fratrum Jesuatorum confirmationem Early Printed Edition: Venice 1495 (Hain 5770)

5. De auctoritate glossae, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1486 (?); Venice 1499; Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) XVIII, fols. 186vb-187ra.

6. De bravio, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1493/94; Lyons 1543; Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) XII, fol. 217v-218v; Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) III.2, fol. 325v-26v.

7. De fallentiis ad regulam `Spoliatus ante omnia' (Decretum, C.3 q.1 c.3), Early Printed Editions: Venice 1499; Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) XII, fol. 407r-408r; Regulae iuris tam civilis quam canonici (Lyons 1566) 547-50; Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) III.2, fol. 324r-25r.

8. De iuramento et eius privilegio, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) IV, fol. 359r-364v.

9. De materia Trebellianicae, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1499 (GW 7781, IGI 3225); Venice, after 1500 (GW 7782, IGI 3226); Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum(Lyons 1549) VII, fol. 185v-187v; Selecti tractatus iuris varii vere aurei de successione (Venice 1570) 456-70; Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) VIII.1, fol. 437r-439v.

10. De minimis, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1499 (GW 7781, IGI 3225); Venice, after 1500 (GW 7782, IGI 3226); Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) I, fol. 329v-333r; Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) XVIII, fol. 269r-273r.

11. De potestate ac excellentia regia, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1499 (GW 7781, IGI 3225); Venice, after 1500 (GW 7782, IGI 3226, Hain 5769); Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) XII, fol. 88v-104v; Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) XVI, fol. 224r-227r.

12. De privilegio pacis, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1499 (GW 7781, IGI 3225); Venice, after 1500 (GW 7782, IGI 3226); Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) XIII, fol. 123r-125v; Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) XII, fol. 224r-227r.

13. De verbis geminatis, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1499 (GW 7781, IGI 3225); Venice, after 1500 (GW 7782, IGI 3226); Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) I, fol. 327r-329v; Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) XVIIII, fol. 266v-269r.

14. Dubium de emphitetota absente, Early Printed Edition: Venice, after 1486 (GW 7783, IGI 3227)

15. Quaestio de heredis institutione, Early Printed Edition: Venice, after 1486 (GW 7783, IGI 3227)

16. Singularia et notabilia: A. first version; dedicated to Andreas Barbatius: Early Printed Edition: Bologna 1477 (GW 7788, IGI 3231). B. second version: Early Printed Editions: Venice 1490; Milan 1492; Venice 1499; Pavia 1500.

17. Repertorium in opera Nicolai de Tudeschis (Panormitani) Early Printed Editions: Venetiis, after 1486 (GW 7783, IGI 3227); Venice 1499 (GW 7784, IGI 3228).

18. Casuum Bernardi Parmensis in corpus decretalium revisio, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1487 (GW 4099).

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 134-37. F. L. Berra, `Corsetti Antonio', NDI 4 (1959) 910-11. L. Genuardi, `Canonisti siciliani del secolo XV', Studi in onore di F. Scaduto I (Firenze 1936) 419-32. H. Hoberg, `Der Informativprozess über die Qualifikation des Rotarichters Antonio Corsetti (1500)', in Mélange E. Tisserant IV (Studi e Testi 234; Città del Vaticano 1964) 389-406. A. Mazzacane, `Corsetto (Corsetti), Antonio', DBI 29 (1983) 540-42. Schulte QL II 348-49. L. Sighinolfi, `La condotta del canonista Antonio Corsetti da Bologna a Padova (1487)', Studi e memorie per la storia dell'Università di Bologna 7 (1922) 141-51.
 
   
 

Antonius de Forciglione (see Antoninus of Florence)
 
   
 

Antonius de Naseriis (1341-1393), born 1341 in Padua, he studied canon law there, before he was elected Bishop of Feltre and Belluno in 1369. He continued, however, to devote his time to studying. During his last years, he taught at Paduam first the artes (1386-90), and finally on the decretals. He died in 1393.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 273-74.
 
  
 

Antonius de Presbyteris (Preti), a native of Bologna, became a doctor of civil law in 1353, whereupon he taught at his hometown until 1379, a year before his death. He was also involved in the administrative affairs of the region, whence the Bishop of Florence made him his vicar.

TEXTS: 1. Clypeus pastoralis, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) XIII.2, fol. 362.

2. De iurisdictione episcoporum, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) XIII.2, fol. 361.

3. Tractatus de episcoporum prestantia, Early Printed Edition:

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 273.
 
   
 

Antonius de Rosellis, born in Arezzo in 1381, probably studied law at Bologna and received his doctorate there in 1407. In the same year he began teaching civil law. Afterwards he taught at Siena and at Florence; in Siena he had Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini as his student. He was called to Rome by Pope Martin V to be a consistorial advocate, where he also served the Emperor Sigismund, the King of Naples, the College of Cardinals and pope Eugenius IV. He left Rome in 1438, once his anti-papal treatise, Monarchia, had made his position appear precarious. He became a Professor of canon law at Padua unti his retirement shortly after 1460. A. died in Padua in 1466.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitiones:

A. Repetitio in c. 2, Quidam episcopus (C.2 q.1 a.c.1)

Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587) I, fols. 37r-47v.

B. Repetitio in c. Interrogatum (C.2 q.5 c.24), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587) I, fols. 64r-71r.

C. Repetitio in c. Si autem (C.2 q.6 c. 39), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587) I, fols. 71r-76v.

D. Repetitio in c. Manifesta (C.2 q.1 c.15), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587) I, fol. 53r-64r.

E. Repetitio in c. Quod translationem, tit. de officio legati (X 1.30.4), MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6524 [cum repetitionibus Iacobi de Zochis, lectoris de mane, et Cosme de Contareno, lectoris de sero]).

2. Lectura in II librum Decretalium (X. 2.1-27), MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6584).

3. Lectura super quibusdam titulis libri III, IV, V Decretalium MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 97

4. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Bartholomaei Caepollae consilia criminalia (Venice 1555) n. 46, 49; Consiliorum seu responsorum ad causas criminales .. vol. I, ed. I. B. Ziletti (Venice 1566, also Venice 1572 and 1582) n. 82, 86; Consiliorum matrimonialium .. volumen I (Venice 1572) n. 43; MANUSCRIPTS: Eichstätt, Universitätsbibl. 484, fol. 70r; Florence, Bibl. Nazionale Centrale, Magliab. XXIX 172; Munich, Clm 6573, fol. 152v; Clm 6661, fol. 254r; Padua, Bibl. Univ. n. provv.275; Ravenna, Bibl. Class. 484; Class. 485; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1932, fol. 114r-122v; Vat. lat. 8069; Vat. Urb. lat. 1132; Vat. Reg. lat. 377; Venice, Bibl. Marc. lat. V.2; see also below, De ornatu mulierum.

5. De bello (iusto vel iniusto), MANUSCRIPTS: Trento, Bibl. Capitolare, 140; Trier, Stadtbibl., 913/1112).

6. De conciliis ac synodis generalibus, Early Printed Edition: Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) II, fol. 14v-70v; MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 6661, fol. 259r; Clm 7428; Trento, Bibl. Capitolare, 140; Venice, Bibl. Nazionale Marciana, lat. IV 4 [2480].

7. De ieiuniis, Early Printed Editions: Rome c. 1476 (IGI 8442); Hain 13978; Rome c. 1485 (R IV.1368), 1486, 1488-90, c. 1490 (IGI 8443-45); Cologne 1497 (Hain 13980).

MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 6572 (included in Angelus de Castro's commentary on X.3); Ravenna, Bibl. Classense, 485, vol.I.

8. De indiciis et tortura, Early Printed Editions: Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) X, fol. 83v-84v; Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) XI, fol. 290r-291v.

9. De indulgentiis, Early Printed Editions: Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) XVI, fol. 168v-177v; Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) XIV, fol. 147v-157r.

10. Tractatus de legitimatione, Early Printed Editions: Pavia 1494 (Hain 13976); 1498 (Hain 13977); Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) VI, fol. 264r-278v; Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum(Venice 1584) VIII.2, fol. 75r-90v.

11. De ornatu mulierum (consilium?); EDITION: N. Denholm-Young - H. Kantorowicz, La Biblofilia 35 (1933) 315-456 (repr. in H. Kantorowicz, Rechtshistorische Schriften [Karlsruhe 1970] 341-476): according to the text of MS Oxford.

MANUSCRIPTS: Eichstätt, Universitätsbibl. 266; Oxford, Bodl. Lib. Can. misc. 6.

12. De successione ab intestato (X 3.27); Early Printed Editions: Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) VII, fol. 240v-253v; Selecti tractatus iuris varii vere aurei de successione (Venice 1570) 659-696; Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) VIII.1, fol. 357v-371v.

13. Tractatus de usuris (X 5.19); Early Printed Editions: Naples c. 1473 (IGI 8448); Rome 1481-87, c.1490 (Hain 13981-82; Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) XVI, fol. 80r-83v; Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) VII 66v-71v.

14. Epistola in concilium Basilensem ad Eugenium IV et ad imperatorem

MANUSCRIPT: Milan, Ambr. C 145 inf.

15. Monarchia siue tractatus de potestate imperatoris et pape Early Printed Editions: Venice 1483 (Hain 13973); Venice 1487 (IGI 8441); Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) XIV, fol. 307r-346v; M. Goldast (ed.), (Hannover - Frankfurt 1611-14; repr. Graz 1960); G. Perticone, Scritti politici italiani 10 (Bologna 1944).

16. Tractatus super arbore consanguinitatis, MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6573.

17. Excerpta ex operibus, MANUSCRIPT: Luxemburg, Bibl. Nationale, 228

LITERATURE: E. Amman, `Roselli, Antonio', Dictionnaire de théologie catholique 13.2 (1937) 2916-18. Belloni, Professori giuristi, 143-49. Berra, `Roselli Antonio', NDI 16 (19) 265-66. N. Denholm Young - H. Kantorowicz, `De ornatu mulierum. A consilium of Antonius de Rosellis with an introduction on fifteenth century sumptuary legislation', La bibliofilia 35 (1933) 315-456 (reprinted in H. Kantorowicz, Rechtshistorische Schriften (Karlsruhe 1970) 341-76). Thomas Izbicki, `Problems of Attribution in the Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584)' Studi Senesi 92, 3rd series 29 (1980) 479-93. J. Muldoon, `A fifteenth-century application of the canonistic theory of the just war', Proceedings Toronto (MIC C-5; Vatican City 1976) 467-80. Roberto Naz, `Roselli (Antoine de)' DDC 7 (1965) 731-32. Schulte, QL II 303-5. J. A. F. Thomson, `Papalism and conciliarism in Antonio Roselli's Monarchia', Medieval studies 37 (1975) 445-58. P. Verrua, `Antonio Roselli e l'opera sua "Monarchia sive Tractatus de potestate imperatoris et papae",' Giornale dantesco 29 (1926) 313-32. M. Watanabe, `Authority and consent in Church government: Panormitanus, Aeneas Sylvius, Cusanus', Journal of the history of ideas 33 (1972) 217-36. M. de Witte, `Les bulles pontificales et l'expansion portugaise au XVe siècle', RHE 48 (1953) 700-702.
 
   
 

Antonius Maria Sala (de Sala) was a doctor of canon law at Bologna. In this capacity, he promoted Petrus Abdreas Gambarinus to the doctorate in 1507.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 343.
 
  
 

Antonius de S. Nazario Vercellensis was prior of the Dominican order for Upper Lombardy in 1399.

TEXT: Summa in iure canonico sive Lucerna iudicialis

LITERATURE: A. de Castello, AFP 30 (1960) 271. T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 1 (Rome 1970) 119.
 
   
 

Antonius de Sarziano received the doctorate from Bonifacius de Vitalinis at Marseille sometime after 1352, as Bonifacius recounts in his commentary on the Clementines (tit. de sepultura, cap. Ad honorem).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 255 n.1.
 
   

Archidiaconus (see Guido de Baysio)
 
 
   

Arnaldo de Soler was a late 15th-century, Spanish jurist. He wrote mostly on customary law, but there survives also a canonistic repetitio of his.

TEXT: Repetitio in cap. Si pater filium (VI 3.11.1), EDITION: Venice 1496.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 359.
 
   
 

Arnold Westphal (1399 in Lübeck; † 31. Januar 1466)  studied at Leipzig, 1418-21, and Rostock, before he became professor of law at Erfurt (1428). He participated at the Council of Basel as a delegate of his University (1432) and then continued teaching canon law as a rector of the faculty at Leipzig (1436-1442). He finally became bishop of Lübeck (1449-1466).

TEXTS: 1. Lecturae super decretalibus

Lectura super c. Cum Marthae de celebr. miss. (X 3.41.6) MANUSCRIPT: Marburg, Universitätsbibl. C.5 Fol.

2. Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: Greifswald, St. Nicolai 18 C.1.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 367.
 
   

Arnoldus de Augusta

TEXT: Arengae iudiciales et extraiudiciales, MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 17535.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 366.
 
   

Arnoldus de Embeke

TEXT: Casus breves (on Liber extra and Liber sextus), MANUSCRIPT: Kassel, Landesbibl. jur. in 4 n. 30 (on X 3-5 and VI).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 367.
 
 
 

Arnoldus Gheyloven (also Arnoul Thierry).  (c. 1375/1420) was born in Rotterdam (The Netherlands). He studied liberal arts in Vienna, and canon law in Bologna and Padua. Around 1407 he joined the regular canons of the Windesheim monastery at Groenendaal near Brussels. He composed c. 30 works, among which the Gnotosolitos parvus ('Small Know Yourself'), which text has been preserved in one single manuscript (Liège, Bibliothèque du Grand Séminaire 6 F 18). Gheyloven wrote this text for students, preparing themselves for the priesthood in a paedagogium at Louvain or with the Brethren of the Common Life in Deventer.

TEXTS: 1. Speculum conscientiae, Early Printed Editions: Brussels 1476, 1490; Hain 7514-15; MANUSCRIPT: Vienna, ÖNB lat. 4880.

2. Recollectio consiliorum Joannis Calderini et Gasparis, Early Printed Editions:

3. Lectura imperfecta super constitutionibus Benedicti XII, Early Printed Editions:

4. De electione

5. Tractatus de contractibus usurariis sive Confessoniale foeneratorum

6. Remissorium utriusque iuris, MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Kap. J.12; St. Omer, Bibl. Munic. 640; Wroclaw, Univ. II F. 97.

7. Gnotosolitos

EDITIONS:  (Hain 7514),  Arnoldi Gheyloven Roterodami Gnotosolitos Parvus: E Codice Seminarii Leodiensis 6 F 18 Editus, ed. Anton G. Weiler (Corpus Christianorum continuatio medaevalis 212, Turnhout 2008)

8. Somnium doctrinale siue imaginarium Arnoldi (Cambrai MS)

9. Vaticanus

10. Speculum collationum

11. Speculum exemplorum

13. Confessionale ad Walterum clericum Bruxellensem

LITERATURE: P. Debongnie,`Arnold Gheiloven ou Geiloven', DHGE 6 (1930) 562-63. J. Rivier, `Dr. Arnold Gheyloven aus Rotterdam', Zeitschrift für Rechtsgeschichte 11 (1873) 454ff. Schulte QL II 438-39.
 
 
 
 

Astesanus von Asti (d.1330), a Franciscan, completed an important confessional work, Summa de casibus, in 1317. It consists of eight books and three indices, two of which list the rubriques of the canon and civil lawbooks. In this way, it served as a comprehensive manual of the laws for priests.

TEXT: Summa de casibus conscientie (Summa Astesana), Early Printed Editions: Hain 1888-97; Lyons 1519; Rome 1728-30

LITERATURE: J. Dietterle, `Die "Summae confessorum (sive de casibus conscientiae)" von ihren Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 26 (1905) 35-62. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 57-60. J. Sbaralea, Supplementum ad scriptores ordinis minorum I (Rome 1908) 104-05. Schulte, QL II 425-27.
 
 
 
 

Augustin Bero (Beroius, Berous). A. was born in 1474 at Bologna. He may have studied Roman law under Marianus Socinus the old and Carolus Ruinus; he certainly studied canon and civil law respectively under Florianus Dolfi and Bonifacius Fantuzzi. A. obtained his doctorate in utroque iure in 1503. In 1504 he became professor in Bologna and taught Roman law during the three following years; then he began teching canon law and carried out this activity until his death in 1554. He was also named monarcha legum. He found support in Popes Julius II and Julius III and was often employed as a consultant by princes. Gianangelo de Medici (Pope Pius IV), Hugo Boncampagni (Gregorius XIII) and the Bishop Paulus Baralio of Arezzo were among A.'s most famous students.

TEXTS: 1. Commentaria super decretales, Early Printed Editions: Lyons 1550-1552; Venice 1578-1580.

2. Quaestiones familiares pragmaticis percommodae, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1550; Lyons 1551; Bologna 1568; Venice 1574; , Augsburg 1629 (cum additionibus J. Mylii).

3. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1567; Venice 1577; Augsburg 1601-1602.

LITERATURE: A. Lambert, `Bero (Augustin)', DDC 2 (1949) 789. Schulte, QL II 355-56.
 
 
 
 

Azo de Ramenghis (d. 1346), a son-in-law of Johannes Andreae, taught at Bologna in 1339. He was also involved in the public life of Bologna as an ambassador for the city. He died in 1346. Often, his siglum is taken for that of the well-known civilian or of the canonist Azo de Lambertaciis, in what makes the identification of his writings difficult.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitiones super libro Decretorum, Early Printed Editions: As part of Azo's Summain Venice 1496; Milan 1507 and 1514; MANUSCRIPT: Vienna, ÖNB lat. (misattributed to Azo Porticus).

2. Quaestiones in ius canonicum; MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 7439; Königsberg, Universitätsbibl. 84 (survival uncertain); and Mainz, Stadtbibl. II 199.

LITERATURE: R. Naz `Azzon de Ramenghis', DDC 1 (1935) 1590. Schulte QL II 243.
 
 
 
 

Bagarotus (see Bertuccio Bagarotti)
 
 
 
 

Baldassare Castelli (de Castello), born at Bologna, became a canon of S. Pietro there in 1451. He began to teach on the decretals the following year, although he did not obtain a doctorate until 1453. To his academic duties, he added the vicariate of the archdeacon of Bologna in 1459. Only for the years 1463-65 and 1466-1475, he appears to have been absent from the Bolognese studium. He died in 1484, without having produced, as it seems, any academic writings.

LITERATURE: M. Speroni, `Castelli, Baldassare', DBI 21 (1978) 684-85.
 
 
 
 

Baldassarre Turrino (Turrinus, Turinius). He came from Pescia. In 1456 he was teaching canon law in Padua.

TEXTS:

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 354.
 
 
 
 

Baldus de Ubaldis (Baldus de Perusio, Baldo degli Ubaldi), lived from c. 1327-1400. Baldus, one of the most famous jurists of the Middle Ages, began his studies in his hometown, Perugia. He later went to Pisa, where Bartolus of Sassoferrato was among his teachers in Roman law, and Federicus Petruccius in canon law. The date of Baldus's his doctorate is unknown, but from as early as 1351 we find him as a professor of law at Perugia. Between 1357-58, he was probably at Pisa; 1359-64 at Florence; 1365-76 at Perugia; 1376-79 at Padua; 1379-90 again at Perugia; and 1390-1400 at Pavia where he also held a canon law chair at least from 1395-96. Among Baldus's students were Pierre Roger de Beaufort (Pope Gregory XI) and the jurists Petrus de Ancharano and Paulus de Castro.

In addition to teaching law, Baldus took an active role in political affairs. While at Perugia, he was employed as the advocate of the merchant's guild, held public offices and served on diplomatic missions. After the death of his teacher Bartolus in 1357, Baldus was the most renowned jurist in Europe.

As a canonist, Baldus wrote an incomplete commentary on the Decretales, as well as short works on Liber sextus, and the Clementines. He composed a Margarita to Innocent IV's commentary on the Decretales, Additiones to Guilelmus Durantis's Speculum iudiciale. Baldus wrote a variety of small treatises, but a number of treatises bearing his name are not his work. Baldus also wrote approximately 2,500 Consilia on problems ranging from simple commercial disputes to major political issues such as the Great Schism.

TEXTS:

1. Lectura super Decretalibus (incomplete, omits commentary from X 2.1.12 - X 2.4.1 in medio, only two fragments of Baldus's commentary from X 2.13.11 - 2.14.4 remain in Clm 3629; ends at X 3.2.8); Early Printed Editions: Venice 1500, Venice 1495, Milan 1478, [no location] 1489, Venice 1491, Lyons 1551; Venice 1595 (repr. Torino 1971); MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 3629, fol. 58r-63v; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1059 (to book I); 1047 (to book II). NOTE: The manuscripts may contain different versions of this work.

2. Lectura super Sexto Decretalium, MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2233 (excerpts from V.1-3); Vat. lat. 5925, fol. 1ra-23vb; Vat. Barb lat 1398; Munich, Clm 24164, fol. 48v-85r: Rubric: `Incipit lectura domini Baldi super Sexto', Incipit: `Gratia per papam facta et morte pape') .

3. Lectura super Clementinis, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5925, fol. 42ra-49vb; Vat. Barb. lat. 1398; Munich, Clm 24164, fol. 35r-48r (Rubric: `Baldus super Clementinis: De constitutionibus', incipit: `Constitutiones que occulcantur non ligant etiam si conditor uelit ligare').

4. De regulis iuris, MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5925, fol. 23vb-42ra; Vat. Barb. lat. 1398; Munich, Clm. 24164, fol. 1r-27r (incipit: `Vicarius Iesu Christi qui totius ecclesie monarcha omnium Christianorum supremus et unicus patriarcha in monarchia uero imperii dudum est, quod non multum laboravit ad sui iuris dubia decidenda').

5. Margarita seu repertorium in commentario Innocentii IV, Early Printed Editions: Strasbourg [no date] (Hain 2335), Lyons 1525: Frankfurt 1570; Venice 1570, 1578; Lyons 1578; Torino 1581. MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2363, fol. 65ra-107vb; Vat. lat. 2637, fol. 58ra-109rb, Vat. lat. 2678, fol. 131ra-189ra.

6. Additiones ad Speculum Guillelmi Duranti, Early Printed Editions: Rome [no date], Rome [no date]; MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2342.

7. Apostillae ad glossam ordinariam in Clementinas, MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1398 <see S.Kuttner, `Appostillae'>.

8. Margarita (Repertorium) iuris, Early Printed Editions: Milan 1489, [no location] 1491, Venice 1499, [no location] 1499; MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2637

9. Consilia: Baldus many consilia enjoy a complex history. Manuscript evidence indicates that Baldus revised some of them years after he first drafted them. The history of the printed editions have compounded the problem by printing consilia from different periods in his life. The two earliest editions, Brescia (1490-91) and Venice (1491), seem to derive from earlier versions, while the Milan edition (dated 1489-93, though Pennington has proven that it must have been printed after the Brescia and Venice editions) and all subsequent editions derive from manuscripts which were passed on to a certain Savelli and seem to be from a later period. These editions have many different consilia than in the Brescia/Venice group and are ordered differently. Obviously, a very considerable amount of research needs to be done with the manuscripts of Baldus's consilia as well as the early printed editions to understand their development and meaning. See Pennington, `Consilia', for a more extensive discussion of these problems. Early Printed Editions: Partes consiliorum I-V (Brescia 1490-91); Partes consiliorum I-V (Venice 1491); Partes consiliorum I-V(Milan 1489-1493?); also Lyons 1543; Leiden 1559; Venice 1575 (repr. Torino 1970).

MANUSCRITPS: Chicago, Univ. Regenstein MS 6 (analyzed in BMCL 15 [1985] 95-115. Vatican City, Vat. lat. 8069 (analysed by A. Campitelli - F. Liotta [1961-62], who have also edited four consilia of Baldus, ibid. 403-06, from the same MS, not included in the printed collections as listed ibid. 391 n.24).

9. Tractatus, Early Printed Editions: Lyons 1585; Venice 1615.

LITERATURE: A. Bernal Palacios, `Repertorios del comentario de Inocencio IV a las Decretales de Gregorio IX', Escritos del vedat 17 (1987) 159-160. E. Besta, `Baldo degli Ubaldi', Bollettino della Regia Deputazione di storia patria per l'Umbria 46 (1949) 140-53. C.H. Bezemer, Review of J.Canning, The political thought of Baldus de Ubaldis, TRG 59 (1991) 162-66. Guido Bonolis, `Due consigli inediti de Baldo degli Ubaldi', Diritto commerciale 21, 5-6 (1903) 641-72, 833-66; idem, `Su alcuni consigli inediti di Baldo', Atti del Congresso internazionale di Scienze storiche9 (1903) 213-215; idem, Questioni di diritto internazionale in alcuni consigli inediti di Baldo degli Ubaldi: Testo e commento (Pisa 1908); idem, `La condizione degli oblati secondo un consiglio inedito di Baldo degli Ubaldi', Studi storici e giuridici dedicati ed offerti a Frederico Ciccaglione(Catania 1909) vol. 1, 274-310. Joseph Canning, `The Corporation in the political thought of the Italian jurists of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries', History of Political Thought 1 (1980) 9-32; idem, `A fourteenth-century contribution to the theory of citizenship in he thought of Baldus de Ubaldis', Authority and Power: Studies on Medieval Law and Government Presented to Walter Ullmann on His Seventieth Birthday (Cambridge 1980) 197-212; idem, `Ideas of the state in thirteenth and fourteenth-century Commentators on the Roman law', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 5th series 33 (1983) 1-27; idem, The political thought of Baldus de Ubaldis(Cambridge 1987). A. Campitelli - F. Liotta, `Notizia del Ms. Vat. Lat. 8069', Annali di storia del diritto 5/6 (1961-62) 387-406. G. Chevrier, `Baldi de Ubaldi', DDC 2 (1937) 39-52. Vincenzo Colli, `Baldus de Ubaldis (1327-1400) as canonist', article to appear in Proceedings San Diego(MIC C-9; Vatican City 1992). H. Coing, `Simulatio und Fraus in der Lehre des Bartolus und Baldus', Festschrift Paolo Koschaker, tom. III (Weimar 1938) 402-19. C. Curcio, `La politica di Baldo', Rivista internazionale di filosofia del diritto 17 (1937) 113-39. T.Cuturi, `Baldo degli Ubaldi in Firenze', L'Opera di Baldo 365-95. C. Danusso, Ricerche sulla `Lectura Feudorum' di Baldo degli Ubaldi (Milan 1991). F.Fiumi, `Alcune ricerche sui manoscritti delle opere di Baldo degli Ubaldi nelle principali biblioteche d'Italia', L'Opera di Baldo 397-406. S. Fodale, `Baldo degli Ubaldi difensore di Urbano VI e signore di Biscina', Quaderni medievali 17 (1984) 73-85. M. García Garrido, `Contributo di Baldo alla teoria della "possessio civilissima",' Studi in onore di G. Grosso, tom. II (Turin 1968) 241-48. Max Gutzwiller, `Aus den Anfangen des zwischenstaatlichen Erbrechts: Ein Gutachten des Petrus Baldus de Ubaldis im 1375', Zum schweizerischen Erbrechts, Festschrift zum 70 Geburtstag von Prof. Dr. Peter Tuor (Zurich 1946) 145-78. Norbet Horn, `Philosophie in der Jurisprudenz der Kommentatoren: Baldus philosophus', Ius commune 1 (1967) 104-49; idem, Aequitas in den Lehren des Baldus (Köln-Graz 1968). Thomas Izbicki, `Notes on late medieval jurists: II. Baldus on the Sext', BMCL 4 (1974) 53-54; idem and Julius Kirshner, `Consilia of Baldus of Perugia in the Regenstein library of the University of Chicago', BMCL 15 (1985) 95-115. Julius Kirshner, `Messer Francesco di Bici degli Albergotti d'Arezzo, Citizen of Florence (1350-76)', BMCL 2 (1972) 84-90; idem, `"Ars imitatur naturam": a consilium of Baldus on naturalization in Florence', Viator 5 (1974) 289-331; idem, `Between nature and culture: an opinion of Baldus of Perugia on Venetian citizenship as second nature', Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies 9, 2 (1979) 179-208; idem, Review of J. Canning, The political thought of Baldus de Ubaldis, JEH 40 (1989) 418-21; idem and J.Pluss, `Two fourteenth-century opinions on dowries, paraphernalia and non-dotal goods', BMCL 9 (1979) 65-77. Stephan Kuttner, `The Apostillae of Johannes Andreae on the Clementines', Études d'histoire du droit canonique dédiées à Gabriel Le Bras (Paris 1965) I 195-201. P. Lally, `New light on the birth and death of Baldus de Ubaldis', The two laws: Studies in medieval legal history dedicated to Stephan Kuttner, ed. L.Mayali, S.Tibbetts (Washington 1990) 209-20. H.Lange, `Die Consilien des Baldus de Ubaldis (+1400)', Akademie der Wisenschaften und der Literatur, Mainz (Akademie der Geistes-und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Klasse) 12 (1973) 3-47. Domenico Maffei, `La biblioteca di Gimignano Inghirami e la "Lectura Clementinarum" di Simone de Borsano', Proceedings Stasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 217-36 at 227-28; idem, `Giuristi medievali e falsificazioni editoriali del primo cinquecento: Iacopo de Belvisio in Provenza?', Ius Commune Sonderheft: Texte und Monografien 10 (Frankfurt 1979) at 26-33, 71-74 and Appendice IV: `Su alcuni nodi della biografia di Baldo degli Ubaldi'. Kenneth Pennington, `The Consilia of Baldus de Ubaldis', TRG 56 (1988) 85-92. H.Peter, `Baldus de Ubaldis', HRG 2 (1965) 285. V. Piergiovanni, `La "peregrinatio bona" dei mercanti medievali: a proposito di un commento di Baldo degli Ubaldi a X 1.34', ZRG. Kan. Abt. 74 (1988) 348-56. J.A. Pluss, `Baldus de Ubaldis of Perugia on dominium over Dotal property', TRG 52 (1984) 399-412; idem, `Reading Case Law Historically, A Consilium of Baldus de Ubaldis on Widows and Dowries', American Journal of Legal History 30 (1986) 241-65. J. Portemer, Recherches sur les `Differentiae iuris civilis et canonici au temps du droit classique de l'Église (Paris 1946) 70-78. D. Quaglioni, `Un "Tractatus de Tyranno": il commento di Baldo degli Ubaldi (1327?-1400) alla lex Decernimus, C. De sacrosanctis eclesiis (C.1,2,16)', Il pensiero politico 13, 1 ((1980) 64-77; idem, `"Inter Iudeos et Christianos commertia sunt permissa", "Questione ebraica" e usura in Baldo degli Ubaldi (c.1327-1400)', Aspetti e problemi dlla presenza ebraica nell'Italia centro-settentrionale secoli XIV-XV (Quaderni dell Istituto di scienze storiche dell'Universitá di Roma 2; Rome 1983) 273-305. V.N. Rizzo `Baldo degli Ubaldi', Annuario di diritto internazionale(1966) 359-70. Jolande Rummer, `A fourteenth-century legal opinion', Quarterly Journal of the Library of Congress 25, 3 (1968) 179-93. O.Scalvanti, ed. L'Opera di Baldo, per cura dell'Università di Perugia nel V centenario dalla morte del grande giureconsulto (Annali dell'Università di Perugia Facoltà di Giurisprudenza 10-11: Perugia 1901) <elsewhere cited as L'Opera di Baldo>. `Notizie e documenti sulla vita di Baldo, Angelo e Pietro degli Ubaldi', L'Opera di Baldo 181-359. A.Solmi, `Di un'opera attribuita a Baldo', Archivio giuridico, `Filippo Serafini', 77 (1901) 401-34. I. Tarducci, `Il tempo di Baldo e lo spirito della sua scuola', L'Opera di Baldo 409-66. Walter Ullmann, Origins of the Great Schism (London 1948) at 143-60. idem, `Baldus' conception of law', Law Quarterly Review 58 (1942) 386-99. V. Valentini, `Il tractatus de tabellionibus di Baldo degli Ubaldi, giá attribuito a Bartolo da Sassoferrato nonché a Gozzadino de' Gozzadini', Studi urbinati (1965-66) 1-167. G. Vismara, `I patti successori nella dottrina di Baldo', Studi in onore di B. Biondi, tom. III (Milan 1965) 39-123. J.A.Wahl, `Baldus de Ubaldis' concept of state: A study in fourteenth-century legal theory', (Ph.D. Dissertation: University of St. Louis 1968); idem, `Immortality and inalienability: Baldus de Ubaldis', Mediaeval Studies 32 (1970) 308-28; idem, `Baldus de Ubaldis: A study in reluctant conciliarism', Manuscripta 18 (1974) 21-29; idem, `Baldus de Ubaldis and the foundations of the nation-state', Manuscripta 21 (1977) 80-96.
 
 
 
 

Baptista (Trovamala) de Salis (fl. 1480-90), a Franciscan, published a confessional Summa in two recensions under different titles, first as the Summa baptistina (1483), then as Summa rosella . The works deals with problems of confession and presents them under alphabetically arranged headings. Main source of Baptista was Nicolas de Ausimo.

TEXTS: 1. Summa baptistiniana, Early Printed Editions: Neuss 1484; Venetia 1485; Lyons 1488; Nürnberg 1488; Speyer 1488.

2. Summa rosella, Early Printed Editions: Pavia 1489; Venice 1495, 1499, 1548; Paris 1515; Strasbourg 1516, 1586.

LITERATURE: J. Dietterle, `Die "Summae confessorum (sive de casibus conscientiae)" von ihren Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 27 (1906) 431-34. Julius Kirshner, `A "Consilium" of Angelo da Chivasso on the Monte delle doti of Florence', Proceedings Salamanca(MIC C-6; Vatican City 1980) 435-41. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 98-99. J. Sbaralea, Supplementum ad scriptores ordinis minorum I (Rome 1908) 113. Schulte, QL II 448-50. A. Teetaert, `Baptiste de Sale (de Salis) ou Bapstiste Trovamala', DDC 2 (1937) 201-3.
 
 
 
 

Baptista Sampieri, teacher of Andreas de Barbatia, lectured on law at Bologna from 1424.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 307.
 
 
 
 

Baptista de Sancto Petro (see Baptista Sampieri).
 
 
 
 

'Barbonus' Morosini. A Venetian. In 1443, he was teaching canon law in Padua, perhaps as successor of Alberto Porcellini.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 353.
 
 
 
 

Bartholomaeus Bellencinus (1428-1478), a pupil of Francesco Aretinus, taught at Ferrara, where Felino Sandeo was his most renowned student, and Bologna. His career ended at the Roman Rota, where he had served as an auditor.

TEXTS: 1. Apostillae sive annotationes ad commentaria Abbatis Panormitani et Antonii de Butrio, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1485, 1487 (Hain 2759-60).

2. Tractatus de caritativo subsidio et decima beneficiorum, Early Printed Editions: Modena 1489 (Hain 2761); Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) XV.2, fol. 147.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 330.
 
   
 

Bartholomaeus Caepolla (Cipolla). Born at Verona, c. 1420, B. began his juridical studies at Bologna under the civilians Floriano da San Pietro and Angelo Gambiglioni d'Arezzo, and the canonist Giovanni d'Anania. Therafter, he moved to Padua where he studied under Paolo da Castro, Francesco Capodilista and Iacopo Alvarotti. He obtained his doctorate at Padua in 1445 in utroque iure. Since then he lectured as a professor of civil law. In 1449-50, he taught at Ferrara, but he soon moved to his native city. In Verona he took an active role in civic affairs and practiced law. In 1458 he returned to teach in Padua, at first alternatively canon and civil law, then civil law only (since 1470). By 1459 he was named a consistorial advocate. B. was also an official representative of the Venetian governement to the Diet of Regensburg. He abandoned teaching in 1475 to be replaced by Antonio Francesco Dottori and died at Padua in the same year.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitio in De testamentis et ultimis voluntatibus (X 3.26), MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Arundel 421.

2. Cautelae, Early Printed Editions: First part: Lyons 1475; Louvain 1486 = Louvain 1487 = Antwerp 1490; first and second part (1459/72): Perugia 1473-1474 (GW 6474, IGI 2685) = Milan 1475 = Rome 1479 = Rome 1480 = Pavia 1480 = Venice 1485 = Venice 1488 = Pavia 1492 = Venice 1493 = Venice 1498 (GW 6475-79, 6499-6500, 6502, 6504); Strasbourg 1490 (= Louvain 1476 for part I) = Lyons 1491 = Lyons 1493-94 = Lyons 1495 = Lyons 1500; Lyons 1535, 1543, 1550, 1552; Venice 1563; Strasbourg 1665.

MANUSCRIPTS: First part (1459): Freiburg/B., Universitätsbibl. 233; Munich, Clm 5357; Clm 14195; 23902; Trier, Stadtbibl. 983/918; Verona, Bibl. Commun. 91.5.

3. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Brescia 1490 (GW 6489, IGI 2690: Consilia criminalia); Milan 1497 (GW 6490, IGI 2691: Consilia criminalia); Milan 1497 (Consilia civilia); Lyons 1531; Lyons 1533 (Consilia civilia); Lyons 1541; Venice 1555 (Consilia criminalia); Venice 1575; Verona 1589 (Consiliorum sive responsorum liber secundus); Frankfurt 1599. MANUSCRIPTS: Ravenna, Bibl, Classense, MS 450, fol. 375r-381v; MS 485, vol. IV, fol. 186v-187v, 234r-236v; Venice, Bibl. Nazionale Marciana, Cod. Lat. V. II. [=2324], fol. 48r-52v, 57r-59r, 338v-341r, 356v-365r; Verona, Bibl. civica, MS 2195; in the same library there is also a volume (MS 2895) with the drafts of 34 Consilia given in 1465. Besides, we can find a subscriptio of B. to a Consilium of Francesco Alvarotti in the collection of G. B. Ziletti, Criminalium consiliorum atque responsorum primum volumen, Venice 1562, p. 167. The same subscriptio appears also after two Consilia of Tartagni (Consiliorum volumen I, Tridini 1522, cons. 3, fol 7r; cons. 5, fol. 9v).

4. Consiliorum Pauli de Castro editio

Early Printed Edition: Venice 1475 (BMC V 259, IGI 7272).

5. De cognitione librorum iuris canonici

Early Printed Editions: Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) I, fol. 184v-186r; Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) I, fol. 181v-183r.

MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 14533; Padua, Bibl. Univ. n. provv. 275.

6. De prescriptionibus

MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6585.

7. Ordo iudiciarius

MAUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 14533.

8. Tractatus

MANUSCRIPT: Nürnberg, Stadtbibl. Cent. VI 7.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 153-61. J. Bonet Correa, `La constitución tacita de las servidumbres en el Derecho común', Anuario de historia del derecho español 37 (1967) 531-551. B. Brugi, `Cipolla Bartolomeo', Enciclopedia italiana 10 (Rome 1931) 386-87. K. Bukowska Gorgoni, `Eine Studie zur Arbeitsmethode der italienischen Juristen des XV. Jahrhunderts: Die Traktate von Martinus Laudensis "De dignitate" und Bartholomeus Cepolla "De imperatore militum deligendo",' Ius commune 7 (1978) 50-80. P. Liver, `Die vom 15. bis 19. Jahrhundert meistgedruckte juristische Monographie: Bartholomaei Caepolae Veronensis i. c. clarissimi Tractatus de servitutibus tam urbanorum quam rusticorum praediorum, 1473-1859', ZRG Rom. Abt. 99 (1982) 326-31. A. Mazzacane, `Lo Stato e il dominio nei giuristi veneti durante il "secolo della terraferma",' in Storia della cultura veneta III: Dal primo Quattrocento al Concilio di TrentoI (Vicenza 1980) 595-605. O. Rufffino, `Cipolla (Caepolla, Cepola, Cepolla, Cevola, Zevola), Bartolomeo (Bartolomeo da Verona, Bartholomaeus Veronensis)', DBI 25 (1981) 709-13. A. Sartori, Documenti padovani sull'arte della stampa nel sec. XV, in Libri e stampatori in Padova, Miscellanea di studi in onore di G. Bellini, tipografo editore libraio (Padua 1959) 11-231. F. Todescan, `Logica e "scientia iuris" a Padova nel Quattrocento. il De interpretatione legis extensiva di Bartolomeo Cepolla', in Scienza e filosofia all'Università di Padova nel Quattrocento, A. Poppi editor (Contributi alla storia dell'Università di Padova 15, Padova 1983) 463-89.
 
 
   

Bartholomaeus de Chaimis (d. 1496) was author of a confessional manual he completed towards the end of the 15th century. It is based in particular on his predecessors, Antoninus of Florence and Ange of Chiavasso.

TEXTS: Confessionale (or Interrogatorium), Early Printed Editions: Milan 1474, 1476, 1478, 1482; Basel [1475]; Strasbourg [1475]; Nürnberg 1477; Mainz 1478; Augsburg 1491; Venice 1486 (Hain 2475-89); MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 17405; Oxford, Bodl. Lib. Misc. can. 108.

LITERATURE: P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge(Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 76. J. Sbaralea, Supplementum ad scriptores ordinis minorumI (Rome 1908) 119. Schulte, QL II 453-54. A. Teetaert, `Barthélemy de Chaimis ou de Milan', DDC 2 (1937) 207-10.
 
 
 
 

Bartholomaeus Pisanus de Sancto Concordio (d. 1347), a Dominican, composed around 1338 a confessional Summa. It was intended to complete and update the Summa confessorum of Johannes of Freiburg and arranged in an alphabetical format. According to its brevity and origin it came to be known as the Pisanella.

TEXTS (no other than those on confession):

1. Summa de casibus conscientie (Pisanella)

Early Printed Editions: s.l. 1493 etc. (Hain 2524-29); a Spanish version appeared in Zamora, ca. 1482; a partial, Italian version in Venice 1846, 1868.

LITERATURE: J. Dietterle, `Die "Summae confessorum (sive de casibus conscientiae)" von ihren Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 27 (1906) 166-70. T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 1 (Rome 1970) 157-68. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 60-62. Schulte, QL II 428-29. A. Teetaert, `Barthélemy de Pise ou De San Concordio', DDC 2 (1937) 213-16.
 
 
 
 

Bartholomaeus de Sancto Concordio (see Bartholomaeus Pisanus).
 
 
 
 

Bartholomeus de Saliceto. canonist teaching at Bologna c.1360. d.1412. Petrus Ancharano was his student.

TEXTS:

LITERATURE: Berthe Marti, `Gomez versus the Spanish College at Bologna', Didascaliae: Studies in Honor of Anselm Albareda, ed. S.Prete (New York 1961) 293-319.
 
 
 
 

Bartolomeo Barbazza, son of Andrea Barbatius, was teaching canon law in Bologna from 1497 to 1503.

LITERATURE: F. Liotta, `Barbazza, Andrea', DBI 6 (1964) 147.
 
 
 
 

Bartolomeo Capodilista. A Paduan. Around 1427, he was teaching either Roman or canon law in his native city, which he continued to do over a period of thirty years.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 345, 350.
 
 
 
 

Bartolomeo Sozzini (Socinus), the son of Marianus senior and uncle of Marianus iunior (1482-1556), both renowned jurists, was born at Siena in 1436. B. studied in Siena under his father and Tommaso Decio; he studied also at Bologna under Alexander Tartagnus and Andreas Barbatius, and at Pisa under Francesco Accolti d'Arezzo. He began teaching in Siena where he read canon law in 1471. In that year he moved to Ferrara where he taught until 1473. During those years 1471-73, B. held disputations at Padua, Pavia and Turin. Then he moved to Pisa, where he lived until 1494, and then on to Bologna, where he lived from 1496 to 1498. Thereafter, he accepted a position as teacher of civil law at the University of Padua for three years. In 1501, he returned, imporverished, to Siena, where he died in 1507. His unsteady life and character made him one of the great Renaissance figures of the legal profession. His writings, though in large part civilian, occasionally touch upon matters of canon law, especially in his consilia and questiones.

TEXTS: 1. Additiones ad Mariani Socini senioris, in aliquot singulares et in praxi lucrosissimos titulos Decretalium, Early Printed Edition: Frankfurt 1583.

2. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Lyons 1525-1531, 1546, 1551, 1566; Venice 1571, 1594; Cologne 1663.

3. Quaestiones disputatae Senis sub Bartholomeo Socino, anno 1459, MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna, 207.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 168-72. L. Chiappelli, `Firenze e la scienza del diritto nel periodo del Rinascimento', in Archivio giuridico 28 (1882) 451-86. E. Besta, `Socini Bartolomeo', EI 31 (1936) 1015. V. Colli, `La laurea di Mariano Sozzini il Giovane', Studi senesi92 (1980) 470-78; idem, `Sozzini Bartolomeo', in NDI 17, 782. J.A. Tedeschi, `Notes toward a Geneology of the Sozzini family', Italian Reformation Studies in honor of Laelius Socinus, ed. J.A.Tedeschi (U.d. Siena, Collana di Studi `Pietro Rossi' N.S. 4: Florence 1965) 275-311..
 
 
 
 

Bartolomeo Talayero, a theologian, composed a confessional treatise in Catalan, in 1474. He appears in the registers of the University of Salamanca between 1467 and 1472.

TEXT: Confesión, MANUSCRIPT: Madrid, BN lat. 10571, fol. 1v-95r.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 243; idem, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 360.
 
 
 
 

Bartolomeo da Urbino was teaching Roman law in Padua by 1486. In 1501-1502, he changed his position and taught canon law. B. held this position until 1509, when the lessons at the University were stopped for several years on account of war, until he resumed teaching (1517-18) and held his position until 1527. B. died in Padua in 1528.

TEXTS:

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 172-73.
 
 
 
 

Bartolomeo Zabarella (de Zabarellis), born at Padua in 1400, was a nephew of the famous Franciscus Cardinal Zabarella. In 1422-1423 he was teaching canon law at Padua; from 1418-1419 and from 1429-1438, he witnessed exams at the same University. He was also the author of consilia and attented the Council of Florence as Bishop of Split (1428-39) and later of Florence. This position he held until his death in 1445. Pope Eugene IV also sent him as his ambassador to France and Spain.

TEXTS: 1. Commentaria et repetitiones

2. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) I, n.53; MANUSCRIPT: Ravenna, Class. 485, vol. VII.

3. De iure patronatus.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 323. G. Vedova, Biografia degli scrittori padovani, I-II (Padua 1832-1836; repr. Bologna 1967) 424-27. A. Sottili, Studenti tedeschi e Umanesimo italiano nell'Università di Padova durante il Quattrocento I: Pietro del Monte nella società accademica padovana (1430-1433) (Contributi alla storia dell'Università di Padova 7, Padua 1971) 25-28. M. Watanabe, `Authority and consent in Church governement: Panormitanus, Aeneas Sylvius, Cusanus', Journal of the History of Ideas 33 (1972) 217-36.
 
 
 
 

Beltran de Tarragona, a Hospitaller who studied law at Lérida. He received the doctorate in canon law in 1349. He was abbot of the Hospitaller Church at Ballovar and, by 1350, a royal consellero.

LITERATURE: Anthony Luttrell, `Fourteenth century Hospitaller Lawyers', Traditio 21 (1965) 449-56.
 
 
 
 

Beltrominus, Bishop of Bologna, was a papal auditor who, together with Guido de Baysio, issued a set of statutes for his court, the Audientia litterarum contradictarum, in 1311.

TEXT: Ordines et provisiones, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 3986.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 190.
 
 
 
 

Benedict XIII (Petrus de Luna) was the last Avignonese pope during the Great Schism (1394-1417). Born in Aragón, ca. 1342/43, Petrus had studied canon law at Montpellier since 1361 and is said to have lectured there on the Decretum in the 1370's. In 1375, he was made cardinal, whence he played a prominent part in the turbulent papal elections of 1378. His juridical training is reflected in his writings as a cardinal and pope, which altogether defend the position of the Avignonese papacy. Petrus died in 1422. A treatise of the thirteenth century had been attributed to him (Stella clericorum), but Eric H. Reiter has proven that this work cannot be Petrus de Luna's (For bibliographical reference to Reiter's work, see Pedro Fernández de Villegas, below)

TEXTS: 1. De horis canonicis (in various recensions), MANUSCRIPTS: Cordoba, Bibl. del Cab. 100 (third item); Oviedo, Cat. 22, fol. 49ra-53va; Salamanca, Univ. 2761, fol. 126va-131va; Segovia, Bibl. del Cab. Virt. 19 n.11, fol. 74ra-78ra.

2. Repetitio in cap. Sicut stellas (D.38 c.8), MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge (Mass.), Harvard Law School Lib. 192, fol. 195ra-200rb; Budapest, Univ. 55, fol. 88r-93r; Salamanca, Univ. 2761, fol. 121ra- 26va; Vatrican City, Vat. Borgh. lat. 378, fol. 122v-32r.

3. Tractatus de concilio generali, MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 4171, fol. 1-145, lat. 4174, fol. 126-255; Salamanca, Univ. 1810, fol. 1-96v, 1760, fol. 1r-97v; Tours, B.M. 238; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 4124, fol. 1-186.

LITERATURE: F. Aznar Gil, `Concilio provincial de Zaragoza celebrado por Pedro López de Luna, 24 abril de 1342', Escrits del vedat 10 (1980) 77-95. F. Ehrle, `Die kirchenrechtlichen Schriften Peters von Luna (Benedikts XIII.)', Archiv für Literatur und Kirchengeschichte des Mittelalters 7 (1900) 515-75. A. García y García, `Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 166-67; idem and F. Marcos Rodríguez, `Un tratado desconocido de Benedicto XIII', Miscellanea Cardinal Giuseppe Siri, ed. R. Belvederi (Genova 1973) 33-40. (In which Stella clericorum is attributed to Petrus; García y García retracted the attribution in 'Manuscritos de la "Stella clericorum",' De la iglesia y de Navarra: Estudios en honor del Prof. Goñi Gaztambide, ed. José Ignacio Saranyana [Pamplona 1984] 155-64 at 156). A. García y García, `La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de la Ciencias Eclesiasticas en Espana 2 (Salamanca 1971) 206-07, 5 (1976) 385-86; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 244. D. Girgensohn, `Ein Schisma ist nicht zu beenden ohne die Zustimmung der konkurrierenden Päpste. Die juristische Argumentation Benedikts XIII. (Pedro de Lunas)', AHP 27 (1989) 197-247.

Information provided on Stella clericorum by Eric H. Reiter, Concordia University
 
 
 
 

Benedictus Capra (de Benedictis) was born at Perugia in the 1390's. Little is known about his legal studies, and he first appears as a judge of his native commune in 1420. Most likely, he studied under Johannes de Imola at Bologna, whom he once mentioned as his teacher. He himself began to lecture at Perugia in 1422, first on the Liber sextus, since 1438 until his death (1470) on the Decretales (X). During these almost fifty years, produced a vast literature, including several revisions of his Lecture. His numerous consilia, moreover, reveal his involvement in the civic affairs of his hometown. By the end of his life, he was not only among the most famous jurists of Italy, but had also become one of the wealthiest citizens of Perugia.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura in sextum, MANUSCRIPTS: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 116 (incomplete); Gerona, Bibl. Cap. 34-35 (dated 1431); Lucca, Bibl. cap. 278 (on VI 1-2), 210 (on VI 3-5); Perugia, Bibl. comm. 2827; Ravenna, Bibl. Class. 373/3 (dated 1426); Vatican City, Vat. lat. 11501 (on VI 3-4), Barb. lat. 1656 (on VI 3-4, dated 1468-70).

2. Lectura in libros decretalium, MANUSCRIPTS: a) on X 1 only: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 84, 113; Lucca, Bibl. Cap. 208; Naples, Bibl. naz. XIII.A.19; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 4914; b) on X 2 only: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 86; Naples, Bibl. naz. I.A.19; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 4915; Vat. lat. 2282; Vat. Barb. lat. 1416; Vat. Chigi E.VII.209 (on X 2.19); Washington, Catholic Univ. 182. c) X 3 only: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 85, 86, 115; Lucca, Bibl. cap. 209; Naples, Bibl. naz. VII.D.76; Rome, Bibl. Casanat. 461; d) X 3-5 only: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 115.

3. Lectura in Clementinas, Early Printed Edition: Repetitionum ad constitutiones Clementis papaeVI (Venice 1587). MANUSCRIPTS: A. complete: Lucca, Bibl. cap. 210-11; B. on Clem. 2-3 only: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 86 (incomplete); Naples, Bibl. naz. VII.D.77;

4. Tractatus varii juridici (X 2.22-30), MANUSCRIPTS: Lucca, Bibl. cap. 441; Perugia, Bibl. comm. 48, fol. 1ra-171ra; Vatican City, Vat. Barb. lat. 1419.

5. Explanatio in tit. de iudiciis (X 2.1) et in cap. Quintavallis (X 2.24.23)

MANUSCRIPTS: Lucca, Bibl. cap. 375; Naples, Bibl. naz. IV.H.21, VII.D.76; Perugia, Bibl. comm. 48, fol. 171ra-93v.

6. Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: see DBI 19 (1976) 117; Early Printed Edition: Perugia 1476 (ed. by Filippo, his son); Pavia 1498; Venice 1501, 1576; Lyons 1556.

LITERATURE: U. Nicolini, `Capra, Benedetto', DBI 19 (1976) 113-18. P. Palazzini, `Benedictus de Benedictis seu Capra', Apollinaris 19 (1946) 259-72. Schulte, QL II 344-45.
 
 
 
 

Benedictus Petruccius taught, according to the University records, at Padua in 1380.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 237 n.7.
 
 
 
 

Benedictus de Vadis de Forosempronii, professor utriusque iuris, wrote Apostillae to the commentary on the decretals (book 4) by Johannes Antonius de S. Georgio, which were printed together at Lyons at an uncertain date (early 16th century).

TEXT: Apostillae quartum librum decretalium, Early Printed Edition: Lyons s.a.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 340 n.6.
 
 
 
 

Berengario Columbi taught at the University of Lérida and left a repetitio on Gratian, D.1 c.7, which cites Johannes Andreae (d. 1348) as the most recent author.

TEXT: Repetitio (on D.1 c.7), MANUSCRIPT: Seo de Urgel, Bibl. del Cabildo 2099, fol. 95ra-108vb.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de la Ciencias Eclesiasticas en Espana I (Salamanca 1967) 185-86; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 228.
 
 
 
 

Bérenger de Frédol (Berengarus Fredoli) B. was born at Lavérune (Hérault). Since Guilelmus de Mandagoto mentions him as his teacher, he must have spent some of his earlier years as a teacher of canon law at Bologna. His most important student was Guielmus de Mandagato. B. also seems to have taught at Paris. He received the bishopric of Beziers in 1294. From there he embarked on an ecclesiastical career and soon became an important curial official. Another indication of an earlier legal training, B. was one of the editors of the Liber sextus (1298). He was later elevated to the cardinalate by Clement V in 1305 and promoted Cardinal bishop of Tusculum in 1309. During the pontificate of Clement V, B. was deeply involved in the proceedings against the Templars. He died at Avignon in 1323.

TEXTS: De excommunicatione et interdicto, MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. Quart. lat. 190, fol. 66v-86r; Basel C. V. 35; Paris, B.N. lat. 3968, fol. 177r-182r;  Paris, B.N. lat. 12467, lat. 15415; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1295; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 349, fol. 62-72; Wroclaw, Univ. II F. 116; Würzburg, Universitätsbibl. Mp. th. f. 55. EDITION: Le "Liber de excommunicacione" du cardinal Bérenger Frédol: Précéde d'une introduction historique sur l'excommunication et l'interdit en droit canonique de Gratien à la fin du XIIIe siècle par Eugène Vernay (Paris 1912) pp. 24-58

2. Tractatus de absolutione ad cautelam, MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 15415. EDITION: Le 'Liber de excommunicacione' du Cardinal Bérenger Frédol, ed. E. Vernay (Paris 1912) pp. 1-18

3. Oculus copiose or Oculus seu elucidarius Summae Hostiensis (alphabetical guide to the Summa of Hostiensis), MANUSCRITPS: Arras, Bibl. Munic. 474; Breslau, Univ. II F. 98; Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 317; Laon, Bibl. Munic. 386; Prague, Kap. C. 43; Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 877.

4. Inventarium speculi iudicialis (A register to the Speculum of Guilelmus Durantis) MANUSCRIPTS: Frankfurt am Main, Stadt- und Universitätsbibl. Barth. 13, fol. 1r-64v

5. Inventarium iuris canonici (on the Decretum, Liber extra, and Liber sextus)

6. Dicta dominii Berengarii episcopi Tusculani in Cum inter nonnullos (1323) is misattributed in Vat lat. 3740, fol. 2r.  The author of the text is Bertrand de la Tour.  See Patrick Nold, Pope John XXII and His Franciscan Cardinal:  Bertrand de la Tour and the Apostolic Poverty Controversy (Oxford Historical Monographs, Oxford 2003) 121-125.  EDITION: F. Tocco, La questione della povertà nel secolo XIV (Naples 1910) 143-152.  Early Printed Editions: Rome 1474; Milan 1478 (Hain 6509-10).

7. Summula in foro poenitentiali (authorship uncertain)

MANUSCRIPTS: Listed (distiguishing two recensions) by P. Michaud-Quantin, SG 11 (1967) 166-67.

MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. Lat. fol. 234; Frankfurt, Stadtbibl. 13; Montpellier, Bibl. Munic. H.20; Paris, B.N. lat. 4469, lat. 12460, lat. 15415, lat. 15417; Toulouse, Univ. A.4; Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 604, 680, 681; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1295; Wroclaw, Univ. II. F.110.

LITERATURE: P. Michaut-Quantin, `La "Summula in foro poenitentiali" attribuée à Berenger Fredol', SG 11 (1967) 145-67. Guillaume Mollat, `Frédol (Bérenger)', DDC 5 (1953) 906-07. Schulte, QL II 180-82.  Le "Liber de excommunicacione" du cardinal Bérenger Frédol: Précéde d'une introduction historique sur l'excommunication et l'interdit en droit canonique de Gratien à la fin du XIIIe siècle par Eugène Vernay.  H. Van de Wouw, Frédol, Berengar', LMA 4.4 (1988) 885. Paul Viollet, `Bérenger Frédol, Canoniste', HLF 34 (1915) 62-178.
 
 
 
 

Bernardino di Andrea (see Bernardo Tizzoni)
 
 
 
 

Bernardinus de Feltro, a Franciscan, is mentioned by the canonist Petrus Ravennas (d. c. 1508) as his teacher.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 404 n.
 
 
 
 

Bernardin of Siena (1380-1444), a Franciscan who was later canonized as a saint (1450), wrote, besides many other moral and theological works, two confessional treatises in Italian, a Miroirand, more developed, the so-called Renovamini.

TEXTS: (confessional only) 1. Miroir de la confession, EDITION: D. Pacetti, Operette volgari di San Bernardino (Florence 1938).

2. Renovamini, EDITION: D. Pacetti, Operette volgari (1938).

LITERATURE: D. Pacetti, `Le opere volgari sulla confessione attributi a San Bernardino da Siena', Studi francescani (1934) 451-79. Schulte, QL II 442-43.
 
 
 
 

Bernardo Buzzacarini. A Paduan. In 1477, he was teaching either civil or can law in his native city.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 348, 355.
 
 
 
 

Bernardo Gil, born in Valencia about 1473, B. obtained his doctorate in 1494. He may have taught canon law at Padua in 1493-94, whereas in 1491-92 and perhaps in the following academic year B. taught Roman law at the same University.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 321, 329, 337. L. Rizzoli, `Le case dei nobili Capodivacca e lo Studio di Padova', Archivio veneto tridentino 1 (1922) 237-44. E. Veronese, `Spagnoli e portoghesi all'Università di Padova nel ventennio 1490-1510', Quaderni per la storia dell'Università di Padova 11 (1978) 39-83.
 
 
 
 

Bernardo Oliver, born at Valencia, entered the Augustinian order before 1310. He studied and taught theology at Paris, before he went to the University to Valencia in 1420. He became bishop of Huesca in 1336, then of Barcelona (1344) and Tortosa (146). He died in 1348. His works are largely theological, except a concordance between biblical doctrine and the doctrine expressed in canonical decrees.

TEXT: Concordancie decretorum cum Biblia, MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 50, fol. 65ra-114ra.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de la Ciencias Eclesiasticas en Espana I (Salamanca 1967) 186-88.
 
 
 
 

Bernardo Tizzoni, a native from Ravenna, taught civil or canon law at Padua, 1496-1502. Perhaps, he can be identified with Bernardino di Andrea, who received a degree in canon law in 1501.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 349, 355.
 
 
 
 

Bernardus Balbus was included by J. v. Schulte (1875) as a 14th c. author of a collection of excerpts from the Decretum. S. Kuttner (1937) correctly identified him as Bernardus Papiensis (d. 1213).

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 333. Schulte, QL II 368.
 
 
 
 

Bernardus de Bisigneto, active as an advocate at the Roman Rota, provided a collection of Decisiones Rotae (after 1376) which was intended to supplement the earlier work of Aegidius Bellamera.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 69.
 
 
 
 

Bernardus de Bosqueto (Cahors) (1371 Avignon) B. studied law at Toulouse. He served as a papal chaplain and an auditor of the sacri palatii. B. also served as an inquisitor in various parts of France in 1364. He was made archbishop of Naples in 1365. In the same year, B. was commissioned to establish the Studium Romanum by Pope Urban V. B. was elevated to the cardinalate in 1368.

TEXTS: Conclusiones seu decisiones de consiliis uenerabilem uirorum dominorum sacri palatii apostolici causarum auditorum (c.1355-65)

LITERATURE: G. Mollat, DHGE 8 (1935) 598-99.
 
 
 
 

Bernardus Guidonis, born in the diocese of Limoges, ca. 1261-62, entered the Dominican order in 1279 and served as the prior of several convents in the region. From 1306-24, he was inquisitorial judge in Toulouse, where he gained many insights into the practical aspects of contemporary judicial practice. His handbook for inquisitors reflects that experience. He also held high positions as the representative of his order in Rome. In 1324, he became bishop of Tuy, later of Lodève. He died in 1331.

TEXTS (juridical ones only):

1. Practica officii inquisitionis

EDITION: C. Douais (Paris 1886).

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 1 (Rome 1970) 205-26. Schulte, QL II 202-03. A. Thomas, `Bernard Gui, frère Prêcheur', HLF 35 (1921) 139-232.
 
 
 
 

Bernardus de Landriano, a doctor utriusque iuris at Padua, wrote additiones to the Lectura on the Decretals of Nicolaus de Tudeschis, printed In Lyons, 1524.

TEXT: Additiones to the Lectura Panormitani, Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1524.

LITERATUR: Schulte, QL II 313 n.5.
 
 
 
 

Bernardus Maynardi, who called himself doctor decretorum, wrote an apparatus to the Clementines (shortly after 1322?). He was a pupil of Johannes Andreae, and his work included many excerpts of Johannes, as well as of Guilelmus de Monte Lauduno.

MANUSCRIPTS: Prague, Kap. I.21, fol. 1ra-35rb.

LITERATURE: J. Kejr, `Der Apparat zu den Klementinen von Bernardus Maynardi', BMCL 13 (1983) 49-56.
 
 
 
 

Bernardus de Monte Faventino is mentioned by Tommaso Diplovataccio (1511) as the possible author of a commentary on the Clementines. Kejr (1983) suggests that the reference in question rather points to Bernardus Maynardi.

LITERATURE: Thomas Diplovatatius, De claris iurisconsultis II, ed. F. Schulz - H. Kantorowicz - G. Rabotti (SG 10; Bologna 1968) 255, 269. J. Kejr, `Der Apparat zu den Klementinen von Bernardus Maynardi', BMCL 13 (1983) 53 n.16.
 
 
 
 

Bernardus Oliverii is the author of a concordance of the biblical passages to be found in the Decretum (ca. 1330).

TEXT: 1. Concordance of biblical references in the Decretum, MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Coolegio do Spagna 50, fol. 65-114.

LITERATURE: J. Tarrant, `Life and works of Jesselin de Cassagnes', BMCL 9 (1979) 63. Repertorio de las ciencias eclesiasticas en Espana 2 (Salamanca 1971) 189.
 
 

Bernardus Raimundi Maioricensis was archdeacon of Maiorca and professor of canon law at Montpellier during the first few years of the 14th century. Bernardus wrote an apparatus on Liber sextus (1305/06), which he revised before 1311, this time using the recently published commentary of Johannes Andreae. The work reflects a great interest in judicial matters.

TEXTS: 1. Apparatus in librum sextum, MANUSCRIPTS: A. first recension: Paris, B.N. lat. 4089, fol. 1ra-73vb; Philadelphia, Univ. Lib. 114; B. second recension: Bologna, Collegio di Spagna 217, fol. 69vb-118rb; Paris, B.N. lat. 4088, fol. 1ra-61va.

LITERATURE: Francisco Cantelar Rodríguez, `El apparatus de Bernardo Raimundo al libro sexto de Bonifacio VIII', Proceedings Salamanca (MIC C-6; Vatican City 1980) 213-58. A. García y García, `La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de la Ciencias Eclesiasticas en Espana I (Salamanca 1967) 421-22, 2 (1971) 188. A. Gouron, `A note on Bernaruds Raimundi Maioricensis', Traditio 25 (1969) 518. S. Kuttner, `Brief notes', Traditio 24 (1968) 505-06.
 
 
 
 

Berthold of Freiburg, successor to the author of the famous Summa confessorum, Johannes, as prior of the Dominican convent at Freiburg, he wrote, beside other commentaries and treatises, a German alphabetical adaptation of Johannes's confessional Summa, which was aptly called Johannes deutsch, i.e. `in German'.

TEXTS: Johannes deutsch, Early Printed Editions: Augsburg 1472 etc. (Hain 7367-77).

LITERATURE: O. Geiger, `Studien über Bruder Berthold', Freiburger Diozäsan-Archiv 48 (1920) 1-54. T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 1 (Rome 1970) 238-39. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 48. Schulte, QL II 423. R. Stanka, Die Summa Bertholds von Freiburg (Vienna 1937). W. Trusen, ZRG Kan. Abt. 57 (1971) 98-106.
 
 
 
 

Bertrand, Bishop of Embrun, was a papal auditor who, together with Guido de Baysio, issued a set of statutes for his court, the Audientia litterarum contradictarum, in 1311.

TEXT: Ordines et provisiones, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 3986.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 190.
 
 
 
 

Bertrand de Got (see Clement V, Pope)
 
 
 
 

Bertrandus de S. Genesio, licentiatus in utroque iure, lectured on canon law as a substitute to Guilelmus de Monte Lauduno at Toulouse in 1314, and later became Patriarch of Aquileia (1334-50).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 197.
 
 
 
 

Bertuccio Bagarotti. Born at Padua, c. 1445, B. joined the Paduan college of jurists in 1482. He taught canon law there between 1497 and 1509. B. was also involved in the public affairs of Padua as a delegate ad utilia and representative of the municipality. He served the government of Venice as envoy and consultant. He was involved in the political events that followed the rout of Agnadello (May 1509). Because of his participation in the government of Padua during imperial occupation, B. was accused of betrayal and sentenced to death by the Venetians. LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 179. `Bagarotti, Bertuccio', DBI 5 (1963) 169-70.
 
 
 
 

Blaise Auriol, wrote additions to the Lectura super sexto of Guilelmus de Monte Lauduno.

TEXTS:

LITERATURE:
 
 
 
 

Bohuslaus of Prague was a canon of Olomouc and professor of law at Prague in 1385. His commentary on parts of Liber extra (1389/96?) is heavily dependent on the much older work of Goffredus Tranensis.

TEXT: 1. Lectrua super IV. et V. libro decretalium

MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 203 (on books 4-5); Prague, Kap. J.37 (on book 5); Prague, Univ. knihovna 2.F.9 (on book 5).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 285-86.
 
 
 
 

Bonagratia de Bergamo. Born probably in Bergamo. B. was a doctor in both civil and canon law, but gave up his career as a jurist to become a Franciscan in 1310. In 1311, B. served as an advocate for the conventual friars against the spirituals.

TEXTS: Casus papales et episcopales extractos de diuersis libris iuris (see Olger).

LITERATURE: DBI 11 (1969) 505-08. H.-J. Becker, `Zwei unbekannte kanonistische Schriften des Bonagratia von Bergamo', QFIAB 46 (1966) 219-76. L. Olger, `Fr. Bonagratia de Bergamo', Archivum Franc. Hist. 22 (1929) 313-14. Godfrey Grabmann, `Fr. Bonagratia de Bergamo et eius "Tractatus de Christi et apostolorum pauperte",' Archivum Franc. Hist. 22 (1929) 292-335, 487-511. Fr. Jo. Hyacinthi Sbaraleae, Supplementum et castigatio ad scriptores trium ordinum S. Francisci, pars. I (Rome 1908) 811, p.147. A. Van de Wyngaert, `Bonagratia de Bergame', DHGE 9 (1937) 720-22.
 
 
 
 

Bonandrea de Bonandreis, doctor decretorum, lectured on canon law at Bologna in 1321-22. His presence at Bologna is further attested for the years 1321-32. He died there in 1333.

TEXTS: Questio disputata, MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. Chigi E.VIII.245, fol. 201vb-202rb; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2151, fol. 25rb-va.

LITERATURE: M.Bertram, `Mittelalterliche Gelehrtengräber in Bologna', QF 65 (1985) 432-33.
 
 
 
 

Boncius, canon of S. Frederico in Lucca. born in Imola. B. taught canon law at Sienna around 1305 and at Bologna 1295 and then from 1309. At least one of his consilia survives.

TEXT: Consilium Florence, AS Dist. Camaldoli a.1313 ag.17

LITERATURE: M. Ascheri, BMCL 15 (1985) 61-94. Schulte, QL II 175.
 
 
 
 

Bonifacio Pérez García (15th century) wrote (or edited?) an adaptation of the Tabula iuris of Gundisalvo Gundisalvi, which circulated as Peregrina of Bonifaciana.

TEXTS: 1. Bonfaciana vel peregrina, Early Printed Edition: Sevilla 1498; MANUSCRIPTS (different recension than printed edition): Madrid, B.N. 12687; Escorial, MS e.I.4.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de la Ciencias Eclesiasticas en Espana 2 (Salamanca 1971) 188-89; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 247; idem. Estudios sobre la canonística portuguesa medieval (Madrid 1976) 149-53. R. Riaza, `Sobre "La Peregrina" e sus redacciones', AHDE 7 (1930) 168-82.
 
 
 
 

Bonifacius is mentioned by Johannes Andreae as a legum doctor et miles, who, probably around 1300, had his former home near the turris carbonensium at Bologna transformed into a small church.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 206 n.
 
 
 
 

Boniface VIII, Pope (Benedict Gaetani); lived from c. 1235 until 1303. A canon law graduate of Bologna, he entered papal service in 1264; He became cardinal in 1281 and was elected pope, 1294, following the abdication of Celestine V. His pontificate was overshadowed by his controversy with Philip IV of France, culminating in the seizure of the pope in his Anagni residence, and his death soon thereafter. With the Liber sextus decretalium (1298), he made a lasting contribution to ecclesiastical law, selecting and codifying what he considered the essence of papal legislation during the years since the appearance of Liber extra (1234-98). His famous decretal, Unam Sanctam (1302), on the other hand, represented the most daring (and unprecedented) assertion of papal supremacy over temporal jurisdiction and was quickly rescinded.

TEXTS: 1. (see Liber sextus decretalium)

LITERATURE: H.X.Arquillière, `Boniface VIII', DDC 2 (1937) 940-48. T.S.R. Boase, Boniface the Eighth (London 1933). Leonard Boyle, O.P. `The constitution "Cum ex eo" of Boniface VIII: Education of Parochial clergy', Mediaeval Studies 24 (1962) 263-302. Sten Gagnér, `Boniface VIII and Avicenna', Proceedings Boston (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1965) 261-80. A. Gregnanin, `Bonifacius VIII: de potestate indirecta', Studi di diritto canonico in onore di Marcello Magliocchetti (Studia et documenta iuris canonici 4: Rome 1975) II 739-51. Thomas Izbicki, `The problem of canonical portion in the later Middle Ages: the application of "Super cathedram",' Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 459-73. Richard Kay, `"Ad nostram presentiam euocamus": Boniface VIII and the Roman convocation of 1302', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 165-90. Gabriel Le Bras, `Boniface VIII, symphoniste et modérateur', Melanges Louis Halphen (Paris 1951) 383-94. James Muldoon, `Boniface VIII's forty years of experience in the law', Jurist 31 (1971) 449-77. Walter Ullmann, `Boniface VIII and his Contemporary Scholarship', JTS 27 (1976) 58-87.
 
 
 
 

Bonifacius Ammannati studied law at Padua around 1370. Later on, he returned to his native city, Avignon, to teach. The Avignonese popes of called upon him to serve in political missions. In 1397 he was made cardinal, despite the fact was a layman. He died in prison at Aigues Mortes in 1399. His extensive Lectura on the Clementines had only a limited circulation, and when it was finally printed in 1522, it appeared under the spurious name of Bonifacius Vitalini.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura Clementinarum, Early Printed Editions: Lyons 1522; Venice 1574 (in bothe cases attributed to a fictitious Bonifacius de Vitalinis); MANUSCRIPT: Toledo, Catedrál MS 23-1.

2. Consilia (see D. Maffei [1980] 248 n.28); LITERATURE: D. Maffei, `Profilo di Bonifacio Ammannati giurista e cardinale', Genèse et débuts du grand schisme d'occident (Paris 1980) 239-51.
 
 
 
 

Bonifacius Antelini (Antelmi, Vitalini) from a Mantuan family, was probably the jurist in the service of various Northern Italian communes who appears in documents from 1299-1306. He was the author of a criminal treatise (ca.1300/01), which since its first print in 1499 circulated under the name of Bonifacius Vitalini. Other works early modern editors likewise ascribed to this author, most notably the Lectura Clementinarum of Bonifacius Ammannati.

TEXTS: Super maleficiis (on criminal procedure), Early Printed Editions: Milan 1499, 1505, 1514; Venice 1505, 1518, 1559, 1560, 1584; Lyons 1558; Frankfurt 1600 and 1604; MANUSCRIPTS: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 124; Florence, Laur. Biscioni 4; Kremsmünster, Stiftsbibl.230; Laon, Bibl. Munic. 396.

LITERATURE: D. Maffei, `Profilo di Bonifacio Ammannati giurista e cardinale', Genèse et débuts du grand schisme d'occident (Paris 1980) 240-41. Schulte, QL II 255-56.
 
 
 
 

Bonifacius Lusitanus, a Portuguese, is the author of a book explaining a collection of legal maxim, published in 1498.

TEXTS: Peregrina sive peregrina glossa Bonifaciana, Early Printed Edition: s.l. 1498 (Hain 3680).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL 394.
 
 
 
 

Bonifacius de Panicis de Castilione, magister, provided an index to a canonistic treatise by Filippo Decio, printed in 1490. Whether he was a jurist himself, remains uncertain.

TEXTS: Tabula, Early Printed Edition: Pescia 1490 (Hain 6064).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 363 n.13.
 
 
 
 

Bonifacius de Mutina, decretorum doctor at the University of Padua since at least 1326, later became Bishop of Modena (1337-51).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 256 n.8.
 
 
 
 

Bonifacius de Vitalinis (see Bonifacius de Antelini)
 
 
 
 

Bonincontro dall'Ospedale, doctor decretorum.

LITERATURE: M. Sarti - M. Fattorini, De claris archigymnasii Bononiensis professoribus I(Bologna 1769) 482. Schulte, QL II 242 n.*.
 
 
 
 

Bonincontro de Boattieri (+1380)

TEXTS:

LITERATURE: P. Sambin, `Libri di Bonincontro de'Boattieri, canonista bolognese (+1380) e di Antonio David, vescovo di Fano (+1416)', RSCI 15 (1961) 197-215.
 
 
 
 

Bonincontrus (or Bonicontius), the oldest legitimate son of Johannes Andreae, received his doctorate in both laws in 1309 and taught for most of his life side by side with his father at Bologna. In 1347, he appeared briefly at Padua, but returned soon after. Ultimately, he conspired against the Bolognese signory, was uncovered and beheaded in 1350.

TEXTS:1. De appellationibus interpositis in causis beneficialibus, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1496 (Hain 2237); Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) IX, fol. 45vb-55rb.

2. De accusationibus et inquisitionibus, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1496 (Hain 2237); Volumen tractatuum criminalium (Venice 1556), fol. 8rb-14ra; Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum (Venice 1584) I, fol. 5va-8rb.

3. De interdicto, MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 9636.

4. De ecclesiis et immunitate clericorum

5. De libertate ecclesie

6. Summa de quatuor modis procedendi super criminibus (perhaps identical with the treatise on accusations); MANUSCRIPT: Wolfenbüttel

LITERATURE: S. Caprioli, `Bonicontro di Giovanni d'Andrea', DBI 12 (1970) 211-12. Schulte, QL II 211, 242-43. E. Seckel, Beiträge zur Geschichte beider Rechte im Mittelalter (Tübingen 1898) 1.257.
 
 
 
 

Bonomo Loschi (de Luschis). He was born in Vicenza. In 1497-1498 he was teaching canon law at the University of Padua.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 330.
 
 
 
 

Bonsignore de'Bonsignori

TEXTS:

LITERATURE: G. Pozzi, `Postille autografe di Bonsignore de'Bonsignori, canonista de Praga', Italia medioevale e umanistica 1 (1958) 347-50.
 
 
 
 

Bornio da Sala was born at Bologna shortly after 1400, where he studied the laws and obtained the doctorate in civil law, in 1425, and in canon law a decade later. Since 1438, he lectured at Bologna on the decretals and continued to do so without major interruptions until 1466. No essentially legal text of his seems to have survived. He died in 1469.

LITERATURE: G. Ballistreri, `Bornio da Sala', DBI 12 (1970) 801-03. B. Bianchi, Ein Bologneser Jurist und Humanist: Bornio da Sala (Wiesbaden 1976). L. Pasavento, `"Quedam lex animata": Il Principe di Bornio da Sala', Nuova Rivista Storica 72 (1988) 1-22.

Caesar Lambertinus, a native from Trani, pursued an ecclesiastical career there that led him to the archepiscopate in 1505. In 1509, he transferred to the episcopal see of Isola. He resigned this office in 1548.

TEXTS: De iure patronatus (ca. 1520), Early Printed Editions: Venice 1572; Lyons 1579; Frankfurt 1581; Tractatus varii de iure patronatus (Venice 1584, 1607).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 363.

Cajetan (Thomas de Vio), born in 1469, entered the Dominican order when he was sixteen and studied theology at Naples and Padua. He received the doctorate already nine years later and began to teach at Padua and Brescia. Since 1500, he lived as the proctor of his order at the curia in Rome, until he moved up to the generalate in 1508. He held this position until his elevation to the cardinalate, in 1517. By that time, he was one of the leading church politicians and antagonist of Luther at the imperial diet at Augsburg in 1518. Although less pronounced than Luther, he was himself a critic of much of the scholastic learning as it had developed during the late Middle Ages. In his Summula peccatorum (1525), for example, Cajetan (from Gaeta, his hometown) sharply opposed the older confessional works as overburdened with learned digressions and allegations. In fact, Cajetan's work marked the terminal point in the production of confessional Summae, which were gradually rendered obsolete once the Tridentine legislation on confessional matters took hold. Cajetan died in 1534.

TEXTS: 1. Summula peccatorum, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1525; Venice 1525, 1584, Paris 1526, 1530; Lyons 1529, 1539, 1550, 1565, 1581.

2. De cambiis, Early Printed Edition: Antwerp 1612, II.7.

3. De usura, Early Printed Editions: Antwerp 1612, II.8, III.7

4. De validitate matrimonii a iuvene post religionis ingressum et egressum contracti and other treatises on marriage, Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1542; Antwerp 1612.

LITERATURE: R. Chabanne, `Thomas de Vio, Caietanus', DDC 7 (1965) 1249; M. Laurent, `Cajétan', DHGE 11 (1949) 248-52; P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 105-06. Schulte, QL II 352-54. A. Schweigmann, `De meritis Caietani in iure canonico', Angelicum 11 (1934) 533-88.





Caspar Calderinus junior, grandson of Johannes Calderinus, was doctor decretorum at Bologna around 1416. He left several consilia which were transmitted with those of his teacher, Petrus de Ancharano.

TEXTS: Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1490, n. 12, 17, 27, 137; and, together with Petrus de Ancharano, n. 97, 217.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 264 n.2.





Caspar Calderinus senior, son of the more famous Johannes, was born in 1345 at Bologna, where he appeared among the doctors by 1365, was soon professor and involved in municipal politics. He died in 1399. Some of his consilia survive along with those of his father.

TEXTS: 1. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Milan 1491.

2. Repetitiones, Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes materiasque sane frequentiores (Venice 1587) IV, fol. 439.

A. in cap. Nostro postulasti de pen et remiss. (X 5.38.15), MANUSCRIPTS: Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye. 79; Munich, Clm 5199.

B. in cap. Ex literis de vita et honestate clericorum (X 3.1.16), MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. (Fantuzzi 12).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 264-65.





Celsus Maffeus, a canon regular from Verona, composed several treatises touching matters of canon law.

TEXTS: 1. Monumentum compendiosum pro confessionibus, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1478, 1491; Venice 1498.

2. Defensiones regularium contra monachos, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1487, 1499.

3. Dissuasoria ne christiani principes ecclesiasticos census usurpent, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1494.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 368.





Cicco Abbate taught the decretales at Naples from at least 1478 to 1480.

LITERATURE: E. Cortese, `Sulla scienza giuridica a Napoli tra Quattro e Cinquecento', Scuole diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d'Italia I (Catania 1985) 82 n.134.





Clement V, Pope 1305-1314 (Bertrand de Got) himself a jurist who had studied at Orleans and Bologna, was the principal author of the decretals included in the Clementines or Constitutiones Clementini V, which were promulgated as an official collection of papal decretals by his successor, Johannes XXII, in 1317. Clement V presided over the Council of Vienne (1311) and oversaw the liquidation of the order of the Templars.

TEXTS: (see Clementines)

LITERATURE: A. Paravicini Bagliani, `Clemente V, papa', DBI 26 (1982) 202-15. Schulte, QL II 45-50.



Clemente Sanchez de Valderas, born around 1370, studied law at Salamanca since 1392. He wrote several canonistic works, most notably a Spanish confessional treatise which appeared on the papal index of prohibited books in 1559.

TEXTS: 1. Tratado sobre la penitencia (Sacramental), Early Printed Editions: Sevilla, 1470?, 1477, 1478, 1496, 1544; Toulouse 1477-80; Lérida 1495 (in Catalan); Lisbon 1502 (in Portuguese); Logroño 1504; Burgos 1516; Toledo 1527; Braga 1539 (in Portuguese).

2. Libellus de horis dicendis, MANUSCRIPT; Burgo de Osma, Cab. 59, fol. 132ra-175va.

3. Compendium censurae, MANUSCRIPTS: Burgo de Osma, Cab. 59, fol. 2ra-128vb; Valladolid, Univ. 147, fol. 1ra-91ra.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 243; idem, `Nuevas obras de Clemente Sánchez, arcediano de Valderas', Revista española de teologia34 (1974) 69-89; idem, `La canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano III', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 360-62.



Clementines (Constitutiones Clementi V, Liber Clementinarum) the official collection of papal decretals named for Pope Clement V, who directed that the compilation be made, though it was only promulgated definitively by his successor, John XXII, in 1317. The Clementines contains 106 decretals and canons that had been issued after Liber sextus (1298). The core of the Clementinesconsists of thirty-eight constitutions of the Council of Vienne (1311-12). Clement promulgated the Clementines in 1314, but he died before the collection could be circulated. After a two year vacancy, Clement's successor, John XXII, undertook a review of the text which took more than a year; John modified and corrected the text and added his own promulgation letter, Quoniam nulla. Just how much John changed the Clementines is a matter of considerable debate. Unlike the former codifications of Gregory IX (1234) and Boniface VIII (1298), however, Pope John XXII's promulgation bull did not claim to invalidate the more recent legislation of Boniface VIII (d. 1303) and Clement V that had not been included. The Clementines was the last official compilation of decretals for the medieval schools of canon law. It included the important decretals Saepe contingitwhich completely reformed the canon law system of summary procedure, Romani principes and Pastoralis cura which repudiated the claims of the Emperor Henry VII to universal jurisdiction and to be able to cite Robert of Naples for rebellion outside of his own territory.

Substantial commentaries were written on the Clementines by the canonists, Alberico di Metz, Baldus de Ubaldis, Benedictus Capra, Bernardus Maynardi, Bonifacius Ammannati, Egidius de Bellamera, Franciscus Zabarella, Giovanni Antonio Carafa, Guilelmus de Monte Laudano, Jesselin de Cassagnes, Johannes Andreae, Johannes Calderinus, Johannes de Imola, Johannes de Lignano, Lapus Tactus, Mattheus Romanus, Nicolaus de Tudeschis, Petrus de Ancharano, Petrus de Andlau, Petrus Bertrandus, Simone de Borsano, and Stephanus Hugonetti.

EDITION: E. Friedberg, Corpus iuris canonici II (Leipzig 1881) 1125-1200. MANUSCRIPTS:Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania Coll. Libr. MS 7; Munich, Clm 3872, fol. 1r-24r; Clm 3877, fol. 3r-59v; Clm 6347, fol. 1r-50r; Clm 6566, fol. 122r-192v; Clm 7469, fol. 1r-80r; Clm 9656, fol. 1r-58v; Clm 14655, fol. 1r-51v; Clm 19508, fol. 1r-30v; Munich, Universitätsbibl. 2o MS 253, fol. 1r-172v; Universitätsbibl. 2o MS 290, fol. 1r-23v; New Haven, Yale Univ. Beinecke Libr. MS J C28 no.1 (18), fol. 1r-52v; MS J C28 no.2 (33), fol. 2r-39r; MS Marston 155, fol. 1r-22r; New York, Columbia Univ. MS Smith Western 18, fol. 1r-88v; Hispanic Society of America MS B 2565, fol. 59r-81v; Pierpont Morgan Libr. MS 902. For a complete list of Manuscripts, see the two articles by Tarrant, ZRG Kan. Abt. 70 and 71.

LITERATURE: Thomas Izbicki, `Commentators on the Clementines according to Johannes Calderinus', BMCL 10 (1980) 62-65. Stephan Kuttner, `The date of the constitution "Saepe", the Vatican manuscripts and the Roman edition of the Clementines', Studi e Testi (=Melanges Eugène Tisserant 4) (1964) 427-52, and `Retractationes' to this article in idem, Medieval Councils, decretals, and collections of canon law (Variorum 1980). F. Soetermeer, `The origin of MS d'Ablaing 14 and the transmissio of the Clementines to the universities', TRG 54 (1986) 101-12. J. Tarrant, `The Clementine decrees on the Beguines: conciliar and papal versions', AHP 12 (1974) 300-08; idem, `The manuscripts of the Constitutiones Clementinae, part I: Admont to München', ZRG Kan. Abt. 70 (1984) 67-133; idem, `The manuscripts of the Constitutiones Clementinae, part II: Napoli to Zwettl', ZRG Kan. Abt. 71 (1985) 76-146.





Conrad von Ebrach, a Cistercian, studied and taught theology first at Paris, later at Prague and finally in Vienna, where he died around 1399.

TEXT: 1. Tractatus de censibus, MANUSCRIPTS: Wolfenbüttel, Herzog Aug. Bibl. 42.2 Aug., fol. 9ra-17rb; 83.5 Aug., fol. 50-56.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 435.





Conrad Lagus (d. 1546), was the author of a methodical treatise on both laws that offered a break-away from the scholastic fashion of teaching law by favoring a more systematic and analytical approach.

TEXT: 1. Iuris utriusque traditio methodica, Early Printed Editions: Frankfurt 1543.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 368-69.





Conrad Summenhart, born in 1465 at Calw on the Rhine, studied theology at Paris. Later on, he taught at Tübingen until his death in 1511.

TEXTS: 1. De contractibus, Early Printed Editions: Haguenau 1500 (Hain 15179); Haguenau 1517.

2. De decimis, Early Printed Editions: Strasbourg 1490; Haguenau 1497 (Hain 15176-77).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 454-55. W. Trusen, ZRG Kan. Abt. 57 (1971) 119-120.





Conrad Thus studied law at Prague in 1391 and was later professor of canon law at Erfurt (ca. 1406-1411) and Leipzig (1411-12).

LITERATURE: J. John, `The university career of Bishop Stephen Bodeker (1384-1459) of Brandenburg with the text of his repetition on the judge and his conscience', Studium generale. Studies offered to Astrik L. Gabriel, ed. L. Domonkos - R. Schneider (Notre Dame, Ind. 1967) 133-34. T. Muther, `Die Juristen der Universität Erfurt im 14. und 15. Jahrhundert', Zeitschrift fúr Rechtsgeschichte 9 (1870) 56-57; idem, Zur Geschichte der Rechtswissenschaft und der Universitäten in Deutschland (Jena 1876) 211-13.





Constitutiones Clementis V (see Clementines)





Constitutiones Ioannis Pape XXII (see John XXII, Pope)





Conte Alvarotti, son of Alvarotto and a Paduan, was teaching canon law in his native city around 1472, while there is evidence that he taught civil law there in 1475 and 1490. He is also known as an editor of Pietro del Monte's Repertorium utriusque iuris, printed in Padua, 1480 (Hain 11589).

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 343, 348, 352.





Correctores (of the Editio Romana). By the mid-sixteenth century, humanists were applying their skills to the canon law. One of the first to do this was Charles Dumoulin, whose edition of the Decretum was first printed in 1555. Responding to these private efforts, Pope Pius V set up a comission to produce an edition of Gratian's Decretum according to the highest humanist standards (1560). These were the correctores, at first including eight cardinals and twelve doctors of law. Eventually, their number increased to thirty-five by 1580. In 1580, the work of the commission received papal approval from Pius V's successor, Gregory XIII. The correctores examined manuscripts of the Decretum as well as its sources. The Editio Romana, which was printed in 1582, was made the official version for the ecclesiastical courts. The use of versions such as Dumoulin's were specifically prohibited, but they continued to be used.

LITERATURE: H.G. Troje, Graeca leguntur (Cologne - Vienna 1971).





Cosma Contarini (Contarenus, Cantarenus), born in (Venice, c. 1410, studied law at Padua and obtained the doctorate in canon law in 1434, in civil law in 1441. It seems that ten years before his first degree C. was already giving lectures in canon law at Padua. By 1438, he was certainly teaching canon law as a professor at the University, and he continued to do so until at least 1460. According to same sources, he may have abandoned teaching not until 1477. Since 1448, Cosma also acted as the vicar of the bishop of Padua.

TEXTS: 1. Super quibusdam titulis lib. III, IV, V Decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 97

2. Repetitio in c. Qualiter et quando, tit. de accusationibus (X. 5.1.17/24), MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6524

3. Repetitio, MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 5357

4. Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: Ravenna, Bibl. Classense 450; Ravenna, Bibl. Classense, 485, vol. IV, VII; Venice, Bibl. Nazionale Marciana, lat. V 2 [2324]; Early Printed Edition: B. Ziletti, ed. Criminalium consiliorum atque responsorum tam ex veteribus quam ex iunioribus celeberrimis iurisconsultis collectorum I (Venice 1560) n. 75.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 183-84.





Cristoforo Alessandri (de Alexandris), a Paduan, was teaching in his native city (perhaps in 1468?) either civil or canon law.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 348, 354.





Cusano/Cusanus (see Nicolaus Cusanus)





Daniele "de Bealdis" (?) was teaching canon law at the University of Padua in 1442.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 353.





Decius (see Philipus Decius)





Diego Alfonso de Benavente, a son of Juan Alfonso, taught canon law at Salamanca during the last decade of the 15th century.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 422.





Diego Gómez de Zamora was professor of canon law at Salamanca from 1447-1484. He was one of the leading representatives of the University during those years.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitio de indulgentiis, MANUSCRIPT: Madrid, BN lat. 12915, fol. 322ra-343rb (fragmentary).

2. De filiis succedendis in maioricatu, MANUSCRIPT: Toledo, Bibl. del Cab. 12-17, fol. 178va-181rb.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `Los canonistas de la Universidad de Salamanca en los siglos xiv-xv', REDC 17 (1962) 175-90; idem, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 422, 5 (1976) 363-65; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 245.





Dietrich von Bocksdorf (see Theodoricus von Bocksdorf)





Dionisio Franceschi (de Franciscis) (?), a Venetian, was teaching canon law at the University of Padua in 1483-84, and already earlier, in 1477, either civil or canon law.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 324, 348



Dionysius Ryckel (de Leeuwis), a Carthusian monk at Roermond (Belgium) and friend of Nicholas of Cusa, wrote several treatises bearing on canon law. He died in 1471.

TEXTS: 1. De officio archidiaconorum

2. De officio legati

3. De regimine prelatorum

4. De vita et regimine curatorum

5. De officio mercatorum

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 369.

 

Domenico Can (Canis) was teaching on the Decretum at the University of Padua in 1478.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 328.


Dominicus de Dominicis, a Venetian, became bishop of Torcello in 1448, then of Brescia (1464), where he died in 1478. His treatises deal with conciliar theories of papal primacy.

TEXTS: 1. De reformatoribus Romanae curiae

2. De cardinalium electione et legitima creatione

3. De potestate papae et cardinalium

4. De concilio et ipsius potestate ac pontificis

5. De episcopali dignitate

6. An papa ligetur vinculis sui iuramenti et decretis

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 305-06.


Dominicus Jacobatius (de Jacobatiis), born in Rome, served as an advocate at the curia since 1485. He became auditor of the Roman Rota in 1493, later bishop of Lucera, and finally cardinal (1517). He died in 1527.

TEXTS: 1. De computatione dotis in legitimam

2. Tractatus de concilio,  PRINTED EDITIONS: Rome 1538; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584) Vol. 13, fol. 190rb-398vb; Paris 1672.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 342-43.

 

Dominicus de Sancto Geminiano, born in Florence, studied at Bologna where he was a student and disciple of Antonius de Butrio. Dominicus then served as the vicar of the bishop of Modena and attended the council of Pisa in 1409, before he began teaching law at Bologna. In his later years, he became an auditor of the Apostolic Camera.   He also went to the council of Basel. He died at Bologna sometime before 1436.

TEXTS: 1. Commentaria in libros decretalium et sextum, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1520, 1579. MANUSCRIPT: Freiburg, Universitätsbibl. 236 (on X 2).

2. Lectura super sextum decretalium, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1476 (on VI 1-2), 1477 (on VI 3-5), 1485 (on VI 1-2); Speyer s.a. (on VI 3-5; Hain 7530)

MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 161; Coimbra, Biblioteca da Universidade 722; Coimbra, Biblioteca da Universidade 723; Munich, Staatsbibl. Clm 6607.   My thanks to Professor José Domingues (Universidade Lusíada, of Porto, Portugal) for the information about the Coimbra manuscripts.

3. Summula et divisiones decretalium sive synopsis, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1578.

4. Repetitiones, MANUSCRIPT: Lucca, Felin. ?

5. Super distinctionibus decreti, MANUSCRIPT: Lucca, Felin. ?

6. Consilia sive responsa, Early Printed Editions: Milan 1491 (with those of others); Lyons 1533, 1568; Venice 1550.

7. Commentaria in Decretum, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1504.

LITERATURE: Roberto Naz, `Dominique de San Geminiano', DDC 4 (1949) 1410. Schulte, QL II 294-96.



 

`Dum summam henrici fratribus legerem' is the incipit of an anonymous collection of casus to the Lectura on Liber extra by Henricus minor. The same author further wrote an Apparatus to the work, inc. `Fecit deus duo luminaria'.

MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 171; Göttweig, Stiftsbibl. 118; Frankfurt, Stadtbibl. 165; Königsberg, Universitätsbibl. 102 (now lost?).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 244 n.3.


Durandus Campanus (de Champagne), Franciscan and Confessor of the Queen of France, composed a confessional manual (ca. 1340) which borrowed much from the works of two of his predecessors, Johannes of Erfurt and Johannes of Freiburg.

TEXT: Summa collectionum (or Directorium), MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 3264, lat. 16891; Pavia 336.

LITERATURE: J. Dietterle, `Die "Summae confessorum (sive de casibus conscientiae)" von ihren Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 27 (1906) 70-78. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 55. J. Sbaralea, Supplementum ad scriptores trium ordinum S. Francisci I (Rome 1908) 239. Schulte, QL II 430.


 

Durandus de S. Porciano (born ca.1270/75), a Domincan better known as professor of theology and controversialist (since 1307), wrote also a treatise on marriage touching legal aspects. He became bishop of Limoux (1317), then Meaux (1326), and died in 1334.

TEXTS (juristic only): Votum de dissolubilitate matrimonii non consummati per susceptionem ordinis sacri

MANUSCRIPT: Rome, Bibl. Univ. Alessandrina 79, fol. 41-43.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 1 (Rome 1970) 346.


Egidius de Bellamera (Gilles Bellemère) (d.1407). Promoted doctor in utroque iure by Simon de Borsano. Taught law at Avignon and also in Italy. In 1374 Gregorius XI named A. Auditor litterarum contradictarum, a position he held until 1382. He was made bishop of Lavaur in 1383, and of Le Puy in 1390; in 1392 he was transferred to Avignon by pope Clemens VII. A. participated in diplomatic missions to the French court in 1394 and 1397. He died in Avignon.

TEXTS: 1. Praelectiones in decretalium libros

Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1548-49.

2. In Clementinas

3. Tractatus permutationum beneficiorum ecclesiasticorum

Louvain s.l. (Hain 2756); Lyon 1522.

4. Decisiones Rotae

Early Printed Editions: Rome 1474 (Hain 6045); Venice 1496 (Hain 6052); Nuremberg 1496; Lyons 1508, 1529; Venice 1633.

5. Responsa sive Consilia

Early Printed Edition: Venice 1579, 1591.

6. Commentary on the Regulae iuris

7. Tractatus super titulo de foro competenti libri sexti

Early Printed Edition: Venice 1579, 1591.

LITERATURE: R.Aubert, `Gilles Bellemère', DHGE 20 (1984) 1359. R. Chabaner, `Reflexions sur la condition canonique de la femme d'apres l'oeuvre de Gilles Bellemère', Bull. des Facultés catholiques de Lyon 76 (1954) 5-16. H. Gilles, `Gilles Bellemère et le tribunal de la Rote à la fin du XIVe siecle', M.É.Fr.R. 67 (1955) 281-319; idem, `Gilles Bellemère, canoniste', HLF 40 (Paris 1974) 253. Schulte, QL II 274-75. A.Lambert, `Bellemère, Gilles [Aiscelin] de', DDC 2 (1937) 296-97.


Egidius (Gil) Alvarez de Albornoz was born on Concha (1295), studied at Tolosa and was then promoted to the archbishopric of Toledo under King Alfonso XI. Upon the latter's death he joined Pope Clement VI in Avignon, who made him cardinal in 1350. He was papal legate to Italy during the 1350's and 1360's, in an attempt to reorganize the papal states. The importance of his legateship is underlined by the Constitutiones Aegidiane he promulgated for the papal patrimony in 1357/63. He died at Viterbo in 1367. He is also said to have composed comments on canon law, but they rather belong to his relative, Fernando.

LITERATURE: J. Beneyto Pérez, El cardenal Albornoz, canciller de Castilla y caudillo de Italia(Madrid 1950). P. Colliva, `Angelo degli Ubaldi e le "Constitutiones Aegidianae",' Archivio giuridico 184 (1973) 103-20. A. García y García, `La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano (I)', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias Eclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 424-25. E. Magnin, `Albornoz', DDC 1 (1935) 363. Schulte, QL II 270.

Egidius Carlerius (Carlier), fl. ca. 1435, was professor at Paris and wrote canonico-theological consultationes.

TEXT: 1. Casuum consultationes, Early Printed Edition: Brussels 1478-79 (Hain 4513).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 363-64.


Egidius Madalbertus (Aegidiolus Cremonensis), from Cremona, appears as a doctor of canon law at Padua since 1307, whence he transferred to Bologna in 1311. In 1318 he received the bishopric of Cremona, but resigned in 1327. He died in 1332.

TEXTS:1. Disputationes

2. Quaestiones

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 196.

 

Élie Regnier (see Hélie Regnier)


Engelbertus Cultificis (Messemaker) was a Dominican born near Zutphen (Holland), ca.1420. He studied theology at the convent at Erfurt and later taught at Zutphen (1465-66). He died in Nijmegen (1490/91). His writings reveal an interest in legal matters.

TEXTS: 1. Epistula declaratoria iurium et priviliegiorum, Early Printed Editions: Nijmegen 1479, Louvain 1480, etc. (GW 7846-50); Paris 1507; Delft 1508.

2. Epistula de simonia vitanda in receptione novitiorum

Early Printed Editions: Nijmegen 1479, Louvain 1480, etc. (GW 7846-50); Paris 1507; Delft 1508.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 1 (Rome 1970) 367-68.


Engelhardus Kunhofer, a priest from Schwabach (Southern Germany), composed a confessional treatise based on the ten commandments.

TEXT: 1. Confessionale, Early Printed Edition: s.a., s.l. (Hain 9801).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 451.

 

Enrico da Alano, (see Henricus de Alano)


 

Eusebius Conradus, a native from Milan and canon regular at the Lateran church, wrote treatises dealing with questions related to his order.

TEXTS: 1. De dignitate canonicorum regularium, Early Printed Edition: Rome 1481 (Hain 5639)

2. De praestantia clericorum regularium prae monachia, Early Printed Edition: Milan 1500 (Hain 5640)

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 369.

 

Extravagantes Communes, a collection of seventy-four decretals dating from 1295-1483. This collection was made by Jean Chappuis. He completed an early version including only seventy decretals in 1500, and the final version with four additional decretals in 1503. Chappuis included the Extravagantes communes with his Corpus iuris canonici. This work did not circulate widely until it was included in the Editio Romana of 1582. This collection includes Boniface VIII's famous decretal, Unam sanctam.

 

Extravagantes Johannis XXII (see John XXII, Pope)

 

Fabio Massimo da Sant'Urbano, a Paduan, was teaching at Padua either civil or canon law in 1420. He had obtained his doctorate in civil law by 1407 and that in utroque iure not much later. Between 1412 and 1446, he appears among the doctoral examiners of the University. He was also deeply involved in the administrative matters of his native city.

TEXTS:

1. Consilia, MANUSCRIPT: Ravenna, Class. 485, vol. IX.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 344.


Fantino Dandolo, a Venetian, obtained the doctorate in utroque iure in 1401. In 1438, F. was teaching canon law at Padua. From 1445 to 1448, he was bishop of Creta and from 1448 to 1459 bishop of Padua.

TEXTS: 1. De beneficiis

2. Compendium fisci

3. Compendium de sacramento ecclesiae

4. Consilia, MANUSCRIPT: Ravenna, Class. 485, vol. VII.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 352. G. Bonfiglio Dosio, `I bresciani Emigli laureati a Padova nel'400', Quaderni per la storia dell'Università di Padova 8 (1975) 73-91. D. Cortese, `Francesco della Rovere e le "Orationes" sull'Immacolata del vescovo di Padova Fantino Dandolo', Regnum hominis et Regnum Dei II (Acta quarti congressus Scotistici internationalis, Patavii, 24-29 septembris 1976), ed. C. Bérubé (Rome 1978) 61-78. L. Gargan, `Giovanni Conversini e la cultura letteraria a Treviso nella seconda metà del Trecento', Italia medioevale e umanistica 8 (1965) 85-159 at 131-32 and 138-39.


 

`Fecit Deus duo luminaria', an anonymous apparatus on the Lectura super quinque libris decretalium of Henricus minor (de Barben, de Magdeburg, de Merseburg), was composed by an author who also wrote casus to the same work.

MANUSCRIPTS: Prague, Kap K.4.16; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1002, 1004, 1006, 1007; Königsberg, Universitätsbibl. 99-101 (lost?); Munich, Clm 9658.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 244 n.2


 

Federico Capodilista, born at Padua, ca. 1410, obtained the doctorate in Roman law in 1434, in canon law in 1438. Between 1443 and 1462 he was intermittently teaching canon law at the University of Padua. F. was also involved in the administrative life of his native city as lawyer, consultant, and judge. He died before 1466.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitio in c. Saepe, de verborum significatione (Clem. 5.11.2)

MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6573, fol. 109r-119r.

2. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Bartholomaei Caepollae consilia criminalia (Venice 1555) n. 53; Alexandri de Nevo Consilia (Venice 1560) n. 72.

MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 6573; Ravenna, Bibl. Classense, 485, vol. IV; Venezia, Bibl. Naz. Marc. lat. V.2; Vatican City, Vat. Reg. lat. 377.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 188-89.


 

Federicus Petruccius de Senis taught canon law at Siena (c.1322-26) and Perugia (c.1333-1343), where Baldus was among his students. The date of his death is uncertain.

TEXTS: 1. De permutationibus beneficiorum, Early Printed Editions: Pavia 1478 (Hain 12849); Venice 1496 (Hain 2237); Milan 1506; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584) Vol. 15.1, fol. 187ra-190rb.

2. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1472, 1479, Siena 1488; Venice 1490, 1498 (Hain 12842-46); Rome 1547; Venice 1576; MANUSCRIPTS: Wroclaw, Univ. II.F.53; Prague, Kap. J.72; Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye. f.72; Toledo, Cabildo MS 28-5.

LITERATURE: Mario Ascheri, I consilia dei giuristi medievali (Siena 1982) 22 n.39, 24 n.42. Antonio García y García, 'Un manoscritto de los "Consilia" de Federico Petrucci de Sienna', Studi Senesi 100 (1988) Supplemento II 566-79. Guido Kisch, Consilia (Basel/Stuttgart 1970) 71. Schulte, QL II 237-38.


Felinus Sandeus, born in Felina near Reggio in 1444, taught canon law at Ferrara from 1466 to 1474, and at Pisa since 1474. He received the doctorate in both laws in 1467. In 1486, F. became an auditor of the Rota. he received the bishoprics of Penna and Atri in 1495, then of Lucca in 1499. He died at Rome, in 1503, and left a magnificent library which still forms part of the episcopal library of Lucca.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super varios titulos libri I, II, IV, V decretalium, Early Printed Editions: Hain 14281-84; Venice 1489-1497 (Hain 14280); Basel 1567; A. Super prooemio decretalium et tit. de const. (X 1-1.1), Early Printed Editions: Hain 14285-93. B. De except. et prescript. et sententiis (X: Early Printed Editions: Hain 14294-99; C. De rescriptis et nonnullis aliis (X: Early Printed Editions: Hain 14300-06; D. De off. et pot. iud. del. (X: Early Printed Editions: Hain 14307-08; E. De probationibus (X: Early Printed Editions: Hain 14309-24; F. De litis contestatione (X: Early Printed Edition: s.l. 1484.

2. Tractatus quomodo puniatur conatus, Early Printed Editions: Hain 14294-99.

3. Sermo de indulgentia, Early Printed Edition: Hain 14325.

4. Repetitio in cap. I et II tit. de sponsal., Early Printed Edition: Bologna 1498.

5. Epitome de regno Sicilie, Early Printed Edition: s.l. 1495.

6. Consilia , Early Printed Edition: Venice 1582)

7. Concordantia iuris ciuilis et canonici, MANUSCRIPT: Lucca, Bibl. Felin.

LITERATURE: G. Arrighi, Felino Sandei (1444-1503) Canonista e Umanista (Accademia Lucchese di scienze lettore e arti, Studi e Testi 23: Lucca 1987). N.Hilling, `Felinus Sandeus, Auditor der Rota', AKKR 84 (1904) 94-106. R.Naz, `Felinus Sandeus', DDC 5 (1953) 827-28. Schulte, QL II 350-52.


Ferdinandus Cordubensis was a papal subdeacon under Sixtus IV and wrote on several aspects of papal power. He died in 1486.

TEXTS: 1. De iure medios exigendi fructus quos vulgo annatas dicunt et de Romani pontificis in tenporalibus auctoritate, Early Printed Edition: Rome 1480, 1490.

2. An liceat Pontifici Maximo eiusque Cardineo Collegio beneficiorum vacantium medios fructus exigere

3. De pontificii pallii mysterio, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5739.

4. De hereticis et dampnatis

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano (I)', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 424; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 234. Schulte, QL II 369-70.


Fernando Álvarez de Albornoz, a relative of Cardinal Albornoz, was one of the founding members of the Colegio de España

at Bologna. He lectured there on the Decretum from 1363-69, and left comments in his own hand. He later became archbishop of Lisbon (1369) and Sevilla (1371).

TEXT: Glosses on the Decretum, MANUSCRIPTS: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 281, fol. 296vb; Toledo, Bibl. del Cab. 4-2, fol. 1ra-vb.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 423-24; idem, `El decretista Fernando Alvarez Albornoz y la fundación del Colegio de España', Studia Albornotiana 12 (Bologna 1972) 131-65; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 227-28.

 

Filippo Carafa, born into a noble Napoletan familay, c. 1340, studied law at Bologna under Giovanni da Legnano. By 1372, he was a doctor of both laws and archdeacon of Bologna. He lectured on the Clementines and the Liber sextus sometime during the 1370's, until he was elevated to the Bolognese bishopric by Pope Urban VI in 1378. As a firm supporter, together with Giovanni da Legnano, of the Roman papacy, F. also received a cardinalate the same year. He died in 1389.

LITERATURE: A. Strnad, `Carafa, Filippo', DBI 19 (1976) 545-47.


Florianus Dolfi figures as the examiner of Augustinus Beroius, who received his doctorate in canon law at Bologna in 1503.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 355.


 

Florianus a Sancto Pedro (Sampieri), a Bolognese doctor, promoted Antonio Roselli to the doctorate in 1407 and is known as the author of several consilia. He was one of the representatives of the University at the council of Pisa (1409).

TEXTS: Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1550 (together with those of Johannes Calderinus).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 252 n.26, 280, 303 n.1.

 

Fortunatus de Perusio (Fortunato Coppoli) was born at Perugia, c.1430, and studied both laws there. In 1455, he was about to marry, but preferred to enter the Franciscan order in a sudden spiritual conversion. He became the founder of a bank giving loans for non-monetary pledges, called Monte dei poveri, at Perugia. He then went on to establish similar institutions all over Italy, which he promoted through sermons, disputations and an extensive consilium (1469/73). Some of them survive in writing and reveal his legal formation. He died in 1477.

TEXTS: 1. Consilium de monte pietatis, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1498

MANUSCRIPT: Cortona, Bibl. commun. 249, fol. 39r-45v.

2. Circa materiam ludi, MANUSCRIPTS: Assisi, Bibl. commun. 629, fol. 335v-39v; Assisi, Bibl. francesc. 13, fol. 234v-37r, and 30, fol. 125v-27v; Foligno, Bibl. commun. A.10.1.16, fol. 125v-27v; Modena, Bibl. Est. lat. a.V.9.8, fol. 363r.

3. De decimis, de usuris, de emptione, MANUSCRIPT: Assisi, Bibl. commun. 629, fol. 339v-40v.

4. Glosses on the Summa Pisanella, MANUSCRIPT: Naples, Bibl. naz. V.H.33, passim.

LITERATURE: M. Ciardini, Un "consilium" per il Monte di pietà di Firenze (1473) (Florence 1905) 20-21. A. Ghinato, `Un propagatore dei Monti di Pietà del `400', Rivista di storia della chiesa in Italia 10 (1956) 193-211. S. Maiarelli - U. Nicolini, Il Monte dei poveri di Perugia. Periodo delle origini (1462-74) (Perugia 1962). U. Nicolini, `Coppoli, Fortunato', DBI 28 (1983) 670-75. L. Wadding, Scriptores trium ordinum fratrum minorum (Rome 1908) 254.


Francesco Alvarotti, a Paduan, obtained his doctorate in Roman law by 1425 and in canon law by 1440. He studied under Raffaele Fulgosio and Raffaele Raimondi. From 1458 to 1460 he taught canon law at the University of Padua. He practised law in his city and served as vicar of the patriarch of Aquileia, then of the bishop of Padua. F. died in 1460.

TEXTS: 1. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: I. Ziletti, Consiliorum seu responsorum ad causas criminales I (Venice 1572) n. 74, MANUSCRIPTS: Ravenna, Class. 450, Class. 485, vol. IV, V, X; Venice, Marc. lat. V 2 [2324].

2. Oratio pro Michaele Donato doctoris laurea in utroque iure insignito, MANUSCRIPT: Padua, Bibl. Antoniana 687.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 328. M. Blason Berton, `Una famiglia di giuristi padovani: Pietro, Giacomo e Francesco Alvarotti (Speroni) e la loro biblioteca di diritto (1460)', Bollettino del Museo civico di Padova 53 (1964) 95-150. V. Lazzarini, `L'avvocato dei carcerati poveri a Padova nel Quattrocento', Atti e memorie della r. Accademia di scienze, lettere ed arti in Padova 26 (1910) 247-63; reprint in V. Lazzarini, Proprietà e feudi, offizi, garzoni, carcerati in antiche leggi veneziane (Rome 1960) 77-87.



Francesco degli Atti, born at Todi at studied the canon law until the doctorate. He was elected bishop of Corfu in 1348, but translated to Chiusi the same year. There he composed his only known canonical treatise, dealing with his, the episcopal share of the tithes. He later transferred to Cassino (1353) and Florence (1355). In 1357, he finally moved to the papal court at Avignon, after Pope Innocent VI had made him cardinal. He died in 1361.

TEXT: De quarta canonica, MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 1225, fol. 102r-104v, lat. 4569, fol. 17r-20v.

LITERATURE: Anon., `Atti, Francesco degli', DBI 4 (1962) 545-46.


 

Francesco Argenta, born in Cremona, he obtained his doctorate in 1507. In 1507-1508, he was teaching canon law at Padua.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 326.


Francesco Barozzi (Barocius, Barochius) was teaching canon law at the University of Padua ca. 1440-53, where Antonio Roselli soon joined him as a colleague of Antonio Roselli. In 1464, he appears as Decreti interpres, an activity he carried out until 1466, when F. was named bishop of Treviso. He died in Rome in 1471.

TEXTS:

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 194. A. Sottili, `L'Università italiana e la diffusione dell'Umanesimo nei paesi tedeschi', Humanistica Lovaniensia 20 (1971) 5-21.


Francesco Brevio (Brevius), a Venetian, was teaching canon law at Padua in 1475/80. He was appointed judge of the Roman Rota by Pope Sixtus IV in 1482, despite the grave moral accusations brought forth against him by his colleagues. After vigorously pursuing the episcopal dignity and several aborted attempts, he finally became bishop of Ceneda in 1498. He died in 1508.

TEXTS: Pastorales conciones

2. Morales quaestiones ex iure canonico.

3. De auctoritate pontificis

4. In librum VI decretalium

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 241, 324, 355. Schulte, QL II 298 n.18 (reads `Brentius'). R. Zapperi, `Brevio, Francesco', DBI 14 (1972) 205-07.


Francesco Capodilista (iunior), son of Giovanni Francesco Capodilista, was born at Padua around 1405, where he studied and became a doctor of Roman law in 1430. He apparently taught there from 1433-40, when he left Padua for political reasons. During his absence, he must have acquired a doctorate in canon law, because upon his return, in 1442, he is occasionally addressed in this capacity and may have taught the discipline. His works, however, all deal with civilian matters. He died c. 1462/63.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 194-99.


Francescus de Arceriis, bishop of Squillace (15th c.), wrote a treatise on faith which  contains canonistic elements.

TEXT: Tractatus de fide catholica, Early Printed Editions: Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus (Lyons 1549), 1 fol. 7v-14r; Tractatus universi iuris XIV (Venice 1584), Vol. 14, fol. 2r-7v; MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5922, fol. 97va-111rb.

LITERATURE: E. Cortese, 'Sulla scienza giuridica a Napoli tra Quattro e Cinquecento', Scuole diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d'Italia  (Catania 1985) 1.87.



Francesco Fazi, archpriest of Salmaza, became a doctor of canon law at Padua in 1501 and later taught there, from 1503 to his death in 1505.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 337.


Francesco Malchiostro da Parma, born at Parma c. 1465, received his doctorate at Pisa, 1490/91, and continued to teach there until 1498, when he assumed a teaching position in canon law at Padua (1499-1501). He taught again there in 1507, now a member of the college of Paduan jurists, but died suddenly in the same year.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 199.

 

Francesco Piazza (see Franciscus de Platea).




Francesco Porcellini, born at Padua around 1405, became doctor of both laws in 1429, and taught civil law at the University until 1462. Then he transferred to Ferrara to teach until 1466. A note from 1474 mentions him as dead. None of his works deals predominantly with canon law, nor do we have any precise notice about an assignment to lecture on canon law.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 200-203.

 

Francesco Rossi (De Rubeis), from Padua, taught canon law there in 1483.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 343.


Francesco Vercellese, from Padua, taught canon law there for some time as an extraordinary lecturer. There is also evidence of his activities as a lawyer at Padua from 1466-69.

TEXT: Consilia, MANUSCRIPT: Siena, Archivio dell'Università, MS senza signatura.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 203-04.

Francisco de Roda (fl. 1457) was doctor of canon law and offical of the bishop of Lérida.

TEXTS: Allegationes, MANUSCRIPT: Seo de Urgel, Bibl. del Cab. 2098, fol. 1r-2r.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967)424; idem, `Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 169.

 

Franciscus de Accoltis, born at Arezzo about 1418, spent his life as a wandering scholar of great renown with a high income. He taught law at Bologna (1440-45), Ferrara (1448-54, 1457-61), Siena (1454, 1466-79), and Pisa (1479-84), where he died in 1485/86. He served Francesco Sforza at Milan between 1461 and 1466 and wrote consilia upon various requests, among which one against the excommunication of Lorenzo de Medici and Florence after the attempt on Lorenzo's life in 1478.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super decretalibus, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1481 (on X.2; Hain 40); Pescia 1486 (on De accus. inquis. et denunt.; Hain 46); Milan 1495 (on De accus. inquis. et denunt.; Hain 47); Pavia 1496 (on X.2; Hain 41).

2. Consilia seu responsa iuris, Early Printed Editions: Pisa 1482, 1483; Milan 1483; Pavia 1493; Venice 1499 (Hain 36-40).

LITERATURE: C. Corso, `Francesco Accolti d'Arezzo lettore di diritto nello studio di Siena', Bulletino senese di storia patria 72-73 (1955-56) 22-78. Schulte, QL II 333-34.  Kenneth Pennington, The Prince and the Law, 1200-1600: Sovereignty and Rights in the Western Legal Tradition (Berkeley-Los Angeles-London: University of California Press, 1993) 248-259.

 

Franciscus de Barellis co-authored a treatise on usury together with Bartolus de Novaria. According to its explicit, he was doctor of both laws at Padua at an uncertain date (14th c.?).

TEXT: Tractatus de usuris (on X 5.19.6), MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Kap. N.9.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 451.

 

Franciscus Barochius (see Francesco Barozzi).

 

Franciscus Coscius, from Siena, taught canon law at Siena and Pisa and died in 1556.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 370.

 

Franciscus de Horta wrote consilia that were published with those of Johannes Calderinus.

TEXTS: Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1550.

LITERTAURE: Schulte, QL II 252 n.26.

 

Franciscus de Platea (Fra Francesco Piazza), born at Bologna, entered the order of the Friars in 1424. Later he became doctor of both laws and preached the crusade against the Turks. He died in 1460.

TEXTS: 1. Opus sive tabula sive tractatus restitutionum, usurarum et excomunicatioum, Early Printed Editions: s.l., s.a.; Venice 1472, 1474, 1477; Padua 1473; Cologne 1474; Paris 1476; Speyer 1489 (Hain 14034-41); Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 14, fol. 347rb-363ra.

2. De actu matrimoniali

LITERATURE: see C. Piana, Il beato Marco da Bologna [1479] e il suo conuento di S. Paolo in monte nel Quattrocento (Bologna 1973). Schulte, QL II 446.

 

Franciscus de Tigrinis, is mentioned as the teacher of Petrus de Ubaldis at Pisa, ca. 1370.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 277.


Franciscus Zabarella, born at Padua in 1360, studied at Bologna under Laurentius de Pinu, Andrea da San Gerolamo and Johannes de Legnano. He took the examinations in canon law there in 1382 and moved to Florence, where he received the doctorate utriusque iuris in 1385. In 1391, Zabarella moved back to Padua to teach law until 1410. His most important student was Panormitanus. Zabarella was made archpriest at the cathedral of Padua in 1398 and bishop of Florence in 1410. In 1411, F. was elevated to the cardinalate by the antipope John XXIII, despite the fact that he never seems to have advanced beyond minor orders. Zabarella was one of the most important advocates of the conciliar movement and played a prominent role during the council of Constance. He died there in 1417 from an outbreak of plague, amid rumors of his impending election to the Papacy. When hearing of his death, the Emperor Sigismund is said to have declared, `Hodie mortuus est papa'. He was buried in the cathedral of Padua.

Zabarella wrote an extensive commentary on the Clementines and a shorter one on the decretales. He also wrote a number of repetitiones and consilia. One part of his commentary on the decretales consisted of a treatise on the Schism which mustered legal arguments in favor of the Council. Zabarella is perhaps best remembered as the canonist who crafted a legal basis for conciliar authority.

TEXTS: 1. Commentaria in Decretales, A. in primum librum (X 1): Early Printed Editions: final version: Venice 1502, 1602; Lyons 1518, 1557-58. MANUSCRIPTS: Padua, Bibl. Capit. C.22 and D.12; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2254-55; B. in secundum librum (X 2): Early Printed Editions: first version: Venice 1502, 1602; Lyons 1517-18.

MANUSCRIPTS: final version: Padua, Bibl. Capit. D.13 and B.5; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2256, lat. 2257; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 5019; C. in tertium librum (X 3): Early Printed Editions: final version: Venice 1502, 1518, 1602; Lyons 1557-58, MANUSCRIPTS: Brussels, Bibl. Royale II.1429 (final version?); Padua Bibl. Capit. D.13 and D.16. D. in quartum librum (X 4): Early Printed Editions: first version: Venice 1502, 1602; Lyons 1517, 1557-58, MANUSCRIPTS: final version: Padua, Bibl. Capitolare, D 14; Graz, Universitätsbibl., 728; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1053; Ottobeuren, Bibl. der Abtei O.56; Seitenstetten, Stiftsbibl. 2; Sankt Gallen, Stiftsbibl. 741; Vatican City, Vat. Ross. lat. 564; Venice, Bibl. Nazionale Marciana, lat. IV 36 (2507); Venice, Bibl. Nazionale Marciana, lat. IV 31 (2647); Toledo, Bibl. del Cabildo, 16-12; E. in quintum librum (X 5): Early Printed Editions: first version: Venice 1502, 1602; Lyons 1517, 1557-58.

MANUSCRIPTS: final version: Seitenstetten, Stiftsbibl., 2; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2258; Venice, Bibl. Naz. lat. IV 32 [2648]; lat. IV 33 [2432]; F. in primam partem decretalium: MANUSCRIPT: Dillingen, Kreis-und Studienbibl. XV.9.

2. Repetitiones in decretales

A. in c. Licet, tit. de electione (X 1.6.6; see Tractatus de scismatibus)

B. in c. Perpendimus, tit. de sent. excomm. (X 5.39.23), Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1499 (Hain 16261); Venice 1502, 1602; Lyons 1517, 1557-58; MANUSCRIPTS: Graz, Univbibl. 1294; Nürnberg, Stadtbibl. Cent. VI.7; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5925, fol. 50ra-65rb.

3. Lectura in Ut animarum, de constitutionibus (VI. 1.2.2), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587, Cologne 1618) V, fols. 43-45v.

4. Lectura in constitutiones Clementinas, Early Printed Editions: Naples [no date]; Rome 1477; Venice 1481; 1487; 1498; 1499; Torino 1492; Lyons 1498:(Hain 16250-57).

MANUCRIPTS: Coimbra, Biblioteca da Universidade 725   My thanks to Professor José Domingues (Universidade Lusíada, of Porto, Portugal) for the information about the Coimbra manuscript.

5. Tractatus de schismatibus authoritate imperatoris tollendis (De unione ecclesie)

Early Printed Edition: first version: see editions of consilia, n. 150; final version (under the title Repetitio in c. Licet, tit. de elect. (X 1.6.6): Strasbourg 1545, 1609; in Villa Sanvicentina 1607; s.l. 1608; also in the commentaria in primum librum decretalium (X 1); S. Schard (ed.), De iurisdictione, autoritate et praeminentia imperiali (Basel 1566, 1587) 688-711; S. Schard, Syntagma tractatuum de imperiali iurisdictione (Strasbourg 1609) 235-47; Theodoricus a Niem, Historie sui temporis (Strasbourg 1609, 1629) 535-70; S. Schard (ed.), Sylloge historico-politico-ecclesiastico (Strasbourg 1618) 235.

6. Consilia (Early Printed Editions: Pescia 1490, 1495; Milan 1496 Hain 16258-60). R. Creytens, Archivum fratrum praedicatorum 22 (1952) 346-80; MANUSCRIPTS: Escorial, d.II.7; Florence, Bibl. Naz. Magliab. XXIX 172; Ravenna, Class. 485, vol. III, V, VII; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 10962; Vat. lat. 11605.

7. De horis canonicis; Early Printed Edition: V. O. Ludwig (1910) 139-178.

8. De modo studendi in iure, Early Printed Edition: D. Girgensohn, in preparation

9. Quaestiones, Early Printed Edition: s.l., s.a. (Hain 16262).

10. Tractatus? MANUSCRIPT: Genoa, Bibl. della Congregazione dei missionari urbani 55. 

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 204-208. R. Creytens O. P.,`Un "consilium" de François Zabarella et de Jacques de Piemont relativ aux observances dominicaines', Archivum fratrum predicatorum 22 (1952) 346-80. D. Girgensohn, 'Francesco Zabarella aus Padua', Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte Kanonistische Abteilung 79 (1993) 232-277.  Girgensohn, Dieter, 'Die Stellung Francesco Zabarellas im Humanismus', Studia z dziejów średniowiecza I czasów wczesnonowozytnych Prace ofiarowane Profesorowi Zenononowi Hubertowi Nowakowi w sześcdziesiątą piątą rocznicę urodzin I czterdziestolecie pracy naukowej, hg. Von Andrezej Radziminski, Janusz Tandecki (1999) 57-72.  Dieter Girgensohn, 'Francesco Zabarella da Padova: Dottrina e attività Politica di un professore di diritto durante il grande scisma d’Occidente', Quaderni per la Storia dell’Università di Padova 26-27 (1993-1994) 1-48.  August Kneer, Kardinal Zabarella. Ein Betrag zur Geschichte des grossen abendländischen Schismas (Münster 1891). Stephan Kuttner, `Francesco Zabarella's Commentary on the Decretals: note on the editions and the Vatican Manuscripts', BMCL 16 (1986) 97-101. V. O. Ludwig, `Ein neuaufgefundener Traktat Franz Zabarellas "De horis canonicis",' Jahrbuch des Stiftes Klosterneuburg 3 (1910) 139-78. D. Maffei, `Un magistrato del Quattrocento, Pier Filippo Martorelli da Spoleto, e l'edizione principe della "Lectura clementinarum" di Francesco Zabarella', SG 13 (1967) 110-28. Friedrich Merzbacher, `Die ekklesiologische Konzeption des Kardinals Francesco Zabarella (1360-1417)', Festschrift Karl Pirec, ed. A. Haidacher, H. E. Mayer (Innsbruck 1966) 279-87. Thomas Morrissey, `The Art of Teaching Law: The manuscripts of a Tract by Franciscus Zabarella (1360-1417)', BMCL 4 (1974) 78-79; idem, `Cardinal Zabarella on Papal and Episcopal Authority', Proceedings of the Patristic, Medieval and Renaissance Conference 1 (Villanova 1976) 39-52; idem, `The decree "Haec Sancta" and Cardinal Zabarella: His Role in its Formulation and Interpretation', AHC 10 (1978) 145-76; idem, `Franciscus Zabarella (1360-1417)', Reform and Authority in the Medieval and Reformation Church, G. F. Lytle, ed. (Washington D.C. 1981) 37-54; idem, `The sun and moon image: A late medieval critic', The Jurist 42 (1982) 170-79; idem, `The Call for Unity at the Council of Constance: Sermons and Adresses of Cardinal Zabarella, 1415-1417', Church History 53 (1984) 307-18. A. Piaia, `La fondazione filosofica della teoria conciliare in Francesco Zabarella' in Scienza e filosofia all'Università di Padova nel Quattrocento, A. Poppi ed. (Padova 1983) 431-61. T. Sartore, `Un discorso inedito di Francesco Zabarella a Bonifacio IX sull'autorità del papa', Rivista di storia della Chiesa in Italia 20 (1966) 375-88. Schulte, QL II 283-85. Brian Tierney, Foundations of the Conciliar Theory (Cambridge 1955) 220-237. Walter Ullmann, The Origins of the Great Schism (London 1948) Appendix: `Cardinal Zabarella and His Position in the Conciliar Movement' 191-237. Antonio Zardo, `Francesco Zabarella a Firenze (il Cardinale Fiorentino)', Archivio Storico Italiano series 5, vol. 22 (1898) 1-22. Gasparo Zonta, Francesco Zabarella (1360-1417) (Padova 1915).


 

Frater Jacobus (see Jacobus canonicus in monte S. Johannis)





Gabriel Capodilista, a Paduan and son of the civilian Johannes Franciscus, became professor of canon law at Padua at the beginning of the 14th c., then archbishop of Aix and cardinal under Pope Clement V (1305-14). His canonistic works, if any, seem to be lost.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 231.



Galliano (da Angarano?), taught canon law at Padua in 1505.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 336.


Galvanus Becchini (see Galvanus de Bettino).

 

Galvanus de Bettino (de Bononia, Becchini)l, born c.1335, received his doctorate in canon law at Padua in 1361. He taught there at least for the years 1365-68. He was the first to hold the chair in canon law at Fünfkirchen (Pécs)  Hungary in 1371. He returned to Bologna in 1374, where he lectured, with the exception of an interlude at Padua (c.1379-82), until his death, before 1395.

TEXTS: Contrarietates glossarum iuris canonici, MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. 173; Cambridge, Harvard Law School, 189, fol. 133va-151va; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2638, fol. 234ra-44ra; Vat. Ross. lat. 727, fol. 228ra-244ra.

2. Casus qui iudicis arbitrio relinquitur, MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Harvard Law School, 189, fol.  125ra-133va; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 651; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2660, fol. 100-106; Vat. lat. 1683, fol. 228-43.

3. Tractatus de differentiis legum et canonum, MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Harvard Law School, 189, fol. 151va-154ra;   Vatican City, Vat. lat. 10726, fol. 484v-488r.  PRINTED EDITIONS: sine loco, sine anno (Hain 7452); Venice 1491 (Hain 15061, together with the Summa of Goffredus Tranensis); Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584) Vol. 1, fol. 189ra-190rb

LITERATURE: H.Claude, 'Galvanus de Bettino', DDC 5 (1953) 931-33. Thomas Izbicki, 'Problems of Attribution in the Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584)', Studi Senesi 92 3rd series 29 (1981) 479-93. J.Portemer, Récherches sur les 'differentiae iuris ciuilis et canonici' au temps du droit classique de l'Église (Thèse de droit, 1: Paris 1946) 79-84. Schulte, QL II 286-89.

 

Galvanus de Bononia (see Galvanus de Bettino).


Garsias Hispanus appears in the list of graduates of the canon law at Bologna in 1393. He is mentioned as a teacher in Bolognese documents until 1420-21. His consilia further indicate that the civilian, Bartholomaeus de Saliceto, was among his teachers.

TEXT: 1. Consilia, MANUSCRIPT: Escorial, MS d.ii.7, fol. 104v-05v, 234rv, 319r-21r, 378v-79r, 473r-76r, 527rv, 540rv.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 366-69.


 

Gaspar de Perusio (de Rossi), from Perugia, was a Benedictine abbot, before he was made Bishop of Frigento in 1424. He died in 1455.

TEXTS: 1. Tractatus de beneficiorum reservationibus, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 15.1,  fol. 244ra-248vb; MANUSCRIPT: Lucca, Bibl. Felin. ?

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 370.


Gaspare Calderini iunior, the son of the homonymous canonist, was a pupil of Petrus de Ancharano and Franciscus Ramponi at Bologna. Together with Petrus he edited a collection of consilia (Venice 1490), some of which bear his name.

TEXTS: 1. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1490, n.12, 17, 27, 97, 217, 237; Pavia 1496, n.12, 17, 28, 98, 216, 236; MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 11605, fol. 142.

LITERATURE: H. J. Becker, `Calderini, Gaspare', DBI 16 (1973) 605-606. E. Steffenhagen, `G. Calderinus der Jüngere und ein Original-Manuskript seiner Consilien', ZRG 10 (1872) 293-96.


 

Gaspare Calderini senior, born at Bologna in 1345, was a son of the famous canonist Giovanni Calderini. He had obtained his doctorate in canon law by 1365 and began teaching in his home town. Besides writing many consilia and academic texts, he often participated in diplomatic missions as a Bolognese envoy. He died in 1399.

TEXTS: 1. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1472; Milan 1491, 1511; Venice 1497, 1582; Lyons 1550; MANUSCRIPTS: Escorial, Bibl. reale D.II.7; Lucca, Bibl. cap. Fel. 365 and 408; Ravenna, Bibl. Class. 485; Venice, Bibl. Naz. Marc. Lat. CL.V.2; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 10776, fol. 1r-11v

2. Repetitiones

A. Liber remissorius in iure canonum (on X 5.38.15), Early Printed Edition: Venice 1496.

B. others, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1587.

MANUSCRIPTS: Barcelona, ACA Ripoll 66, fol. 181; Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye.79; Munich, Clm 5199, fol. 225.

3. Lectura in primo libro decretalium (X 1), Early Printed Edition: Venice 1581.

LITERATURE: H. J. Becker, `Calderini, Gaspare', DBI 16 (1973) 605-06. Schulte, QL II 264-65.





Gauthier le Gras: a Hospitaller who was doctor decretorum at Paris and Dean of the canon law faculty in 1389. In 1392 G. became proctor general for the order at Avignon. Later, he became Prior in the convent of Rhodes.

TEXTS:

LITERATURE: Anthony Lutrell, `Fourteenth century hospitaller lawyers', Traditio 21 (1965) 449-56.





Genzellinus (see Jesselin de Cassagnes).





Gerardus Carrara, an Augustinian friar from Bergamo, became bishop of Savona in 1342 and died in 1356. There survives a treatise of his which is based on a section of Liber sextus.

TEXT: 1. In Sextum decretalium de religiosis domibus (VI), MANUSCRIPTS:

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 560.





Ioannes Monachus (de Kina or Zinna?), a Cistercian monk, wrote a legal treatise that in large part derives from the Libellus fugitivus of Nepos de Monte Albano. The use of Liber sextus suggest a date of composition not much after 1298, at any rate before the appearance of the Clementines in 1317.

TEXT: 1. De defensorium iuris, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 3.2,  fol. 122rb-128va; MANUSCRIPTS: Erfurt, Stadtbibl. 69; Munich, Clm 5313, fol. 278-92, and   8785; Prague, Univ. knihovna III.B.21, fol. 90-117; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 4139, fol. 275-291.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 314-16.





Gerardus de Poshilaco

TEXT: 1. Repertorium iuris civilis et canonici, MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 4607; lat. 4608.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 370.





Gerardus de Senis, an Augustinian friar from Siena, wrote several legal tracts. He died around 1336.

TEXTS: 1. De prescriptione et usucapione (Rome, Bibl. Angelica MS 625, fol. 219-29.

2. De usuris montibus pietatis, MANUSCRIPT: Vienna, ÖNB lat. 4151.

3. Ad Clem., tit. de hereticis (Clem.)

4. Questio

LITERATURE: R. Aubert, `Gérard de Sienne', DHGE 20 (19xx) 799-801. G. Fransen, `De analogia legis apud canonistas', Periodica de re morali et canonica liturgica 66 (1977) 541-42. Schulte, QL II 204-05.


Gerolamo, prior of Santa Maria di Porciglia at Padua, taught the Decretum at the University around 1480.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 329.


Gerolamo Barbarano (Barbaro?), from Vicenza, lectured on the Decretum at Padua in 1498-99.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 330.


 

Gerolamo Barbaro, from Vicenza. lectured on the Decretum at Padua in 1473. He may be identical with G. Barbarano.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 328.


Gerolamo Giusti taught either canon or civil law at Padua

between 1498 and 1509.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 350, 356.

 

Gerolamo Sfondrati, from Cremona, taught canon law at Padua in 1505-06, after receiving his doctorate in canon law in 1504.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 330.



Gerolamo Zanettini (d. 1493). Born in Bologna from a noble family. H. became a doctor of both laws in 1457. He taught canon law there from 1458-69, civil law from 1469-71. Took up canon law again in 1472. In 1473, H. moved to Pisa where he taught until 1478. Then he returned to Bologna where he taught canon law until his death in 1493.

TEXTS: 1. Contrarietates seu diuersitates inter ius ciuile et canonicum Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1490 (Hain 16274); Tractatus illlustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum I (Venice 1584), fol. 197-208.

2. Casus conscientiales positi in rep. c. primi de accusat. Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1490 (Hain 16274)

3. De foro conscientiae et contentioso, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus illlustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum III.1 (Venice 1584), fol. 383-405.

4. Disputationes, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1499 (Hain 16275)

5. Consilium, EDITION: C. Mesini, Apollinaris 39 (1966) 134-57; MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, AS Riform. dello Studio, provv., decreti, notizie (no number).

LITERATURE: C. Mesini, `Consilium di Gerolamo Zanettini (m.1493) su la preceenza tra l'archidiacono et il rettore dell università di Bologna', Apollinaris 39 (1966) 119-57. J. Portemer, Recherches sur les `Differentiae iuris civilis et canonici au temps du droit classique de l'Église(Paris 1946) 101-107. Schulte, QL II 335.




Giacomo Alvarotti (iunior), born at Padua in 1482, taught canon law there from 1506 to 1509, then transferred to Ferrara where he died in 1549.

TEXT: Tractatus de dignitatibus ecclesiasticis, MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Kap. N.46.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 325. M. Blason Berton, `Una famiglia di giuristi padovani: Pietro, Giacomo e Francesco Alvarotti (Speroni) e la loro biblioteca di diritto (1460), Bollettino del Museo civico di Padova 53 (1964) 95-150. Schulte, QL II 375.


Giacomo Leone, from Padua, taught canon or civil law at Padua in 1468. Perhaps he is identical with a teacher of the same name who lectured on canon law at Padua in 1500-01.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 325, 342, 348, 354.



Giacomo Leonessa, a canon from Padua, taught canon and civil law there from at least 1464 until his death in 1472.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 215.


(Beato) Giacomo della Marca, from Naples, is the author of a fifteenth-century confessional treatise.

TEXT: 1. Regula confitendi peccata, Early Printed Editions: Naples 1490; Hain 10748.

LITERATURE: E. Cortese, `Sulla scienza giuridica a Napoli tra Quattro e Cinquecento', Scuole diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d'Italia I (Catania 1985) 85 n.145.


Jacobus de  Zochis (Zocchus) studied canon law in his home town, Ferrara, where he received his doctorate. He then transferred to Bologna to teach for four years, 1425-1429. For the following accademic year, 1429-1430, he moved on to Padua. There he continued to lecture on canon law, with some interruptions, until his death in 1457. He was further active as a judge and author of consilia.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura in Decretales (X), A. in primum librum (X 1), MANUSCRIPT: Dillingen, Kreis- und Studienbibl. XV 70; B. in tit. de constitutionibus (X 1.2), MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 231, fol. 123-43; C. in c. Cognoscente, tit. de const. (X 1.2.1), MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 6524; D. in c. Pastoralis, tit. de rescriptis (X 1.3.14), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587) II, fol. 203v-206r; E. in c. Constitutus, tit. de rescriptis (X 1.3.19), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587) II, fol. 206r-207v; F. in c. Super literis, tit. de rescriptis (X 1.3.20), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587) II, fol. 207v-210r; G. in c. Ab excommunicato, tit. de rescriptis (X 1.3.41), MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 6524; H. in c. Bonae memoriae, tit. de postul. praelat. (X 1.5.4), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587) II, fol. 220r-222v; I. in secundam partem libri primi (X 1), MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 8785; K. in primam partem libri secundi (X 2), MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 99; L. in secundam partem libri secundi (X 2), MANUSCRIPT: Dillingen, Kreis- und Studienbibl. XV 71; M. in quibusdam titulis libri secundi (X 2), MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 108; N. in posteriores titulos libri secundi (X 2), MANUSCRIPT: Ravenna, Class. 451; O. in librum IV (X 4), MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Deutsche Staatsbibl. Magdeburg 10; Munich, Clm 6457; Prague, Univ. knihovna XIII.E.8.

2. Repetitio in c. Omnis, tit. de poen et rem. (X 5.38.12)

Early Printed Editions: Padua 1472 (Hain 16288); Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587) II, fol. 402r-433r.

3. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: I. Ziletti (ed.), Criminalium consiliorum atque responsorum(Venice 1560) vol.I, n.69; I. Ziletti (ed.), Consiliorum seu responsorum ad causas criminales(Venice 1572) vol.I, n.81, 4. Tractatus de arbore consanguinitatis et affinitatis; MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Univ. knihovna XIII.E.8; 5. Tractatus de differentiis casuum fori contentiosi et conscientiae, MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Univ. knihovna XIII.E.8.

6. Tractatus de ieiuniis, Early Printed Editions: Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyon 1549) XV, fol. 430v-432r; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), 14, fol. 159vb-162rb; MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 6573; Padua, Bibl. Univ. n. provv. 275; Perugia, S. Pietro CM 57; Ravenna, Class. 450; Class. 485, vol. IV, V, VII, IX, X; Venezia, Bibl. Marc. lat. V 2.

7. Tractatus de pactis (X 1.35), MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Univ. knihovna XIII.E.8.

8. Tractatus de poen. et rem. (X 5.38)

Lyons, Bibl. Munic. 387; Munich, Clm 833; Clm 3808; Clm 6572; Clm 6948; Prague, Univ. knihovna XIII.E.8; Regensburg. Bibl. des Kollegiatstifts 10.5.15; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 4036.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 216-21. L. Montobbio, `I quattro codici di Giacomo Zocchi', Benedictina 10 (1956) 49-60. Schulte, QL II 327-28.


Ioannes Francescus de Pavinis (Franciscus Patavinus) received his doctorate in canon law at Padua in 1445 and was teaching there since c. 1448. G. was called to Rome by Pope Paul II (1464-71) and named an auditor of the Rota, a position which he held through the reigns of Sixtus IV and Innocent VIII until his death in 1484..

TEXTS: 1. Tractatus visitationum episcoporum, Early Printed Edition: Rome 1475 (Hain 12528); Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 14, fol. 178va-213vb

2. Tractatus de officio et potestate capituli sede uacante Early Printed Editions: Venice 1476, 1496 (Hain 12560); Rome 1481 (Hain 12529); Paris 1512, 1516, 1532; Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) XV, fol. 165v-189v; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 13,  fol. 407v-431r.

3. Additiones ad tres extravagantes Johannis XXII cum commento domini Guilhelmi de Monte Lauduno, Early Printed Editions: Lyons, s.l.n.d. (Hain 9385); Rome 1475 (Hain 12528).

4. Collectio decisionum Rotae Early Printed Editions: Rome 1477 (Hain 6046); Pavia (Hain 6050).

5. Decisionum extractum a quodam libro quem Thomasus Fastoli compilavit editio, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1483; Ticini 1485-86; Venice 1492, 1496 (twice).

6. Interpretamenta in extravagantes viginti Johannis XXII, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1514, 1524, 1532, 1584; Lyons 1519, 1671.

7. Commentaria in extravagantes communes, Early Printed Edition: Rome 1584.

8. Commentum extravag. comm. Vas electionis, sub tit. de censibus (Extravag. comm. 3.10.1), Early Printed Editions: Rome 1475 (Hain 12528), 1514; Lyons 1671.

9. De visitationibus sive Baculus pastoralis, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1475; Paris 1512, 1516; Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) XIV, fol. 115r-148r; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 14, fol. 178v-213v.

10. Regularum cancellariae reelaboratio, Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1671.

11. Tractatus iuridici (?), MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. Barb. lat. 1287.

12. Votum contra Iudeos Tridentinos, Early Printed Edition: Rome 1478 (Hain 9934, 12573).

13. Consilia, MANUSCRIPT: El Escorial, d.II.6.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 326-27; A. Bertola, `Francois de Pavinis', DDC 5 (1953) 899-901. Schulte, QL II 331-33.


 

Gimignano Inghirami, born at Prato in 1370, studied law at Bologna under Gaspare Calderini, Antonio da Butrio and Petrus de Ancharano, to receive the doctorate in 1398. Since 1399, he serves in the ecclesiastical administration, first as a vicar of the bishop of Pistoia, then soon at the papal curia. He acted as a papal representative at important political missions. Besides his own legal repertory and a collection of court decisions, he left, at his death in 1460, a whole library of books on canon law.

TEXTS: 1. Repertorium per rubricas Decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Florence, Laur. Aedil. 69-74.

2. Decisiones, consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: Prato, Roncioniana 29-30, 338-39.

LITERATURE: C. Guasti, `Ricordanze di messer Gimignano Inghirami concernenti la storia ecclesiastica e civile dal 1378 al 1452', Archivio storico italiano 1 (1888) 20-68. D. Maffei, `La biblioteca di Gimignano Inghirami', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 217-36.




Giorgio Cavallini, from Padua, was appointed to lecture there on the Liber sextus and the Clementines in 1509, but never did because of the suspension of teaching due to the outbreak of war between Venice and the League.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 344.


 

Giorgio Nata, from Asti, lectured on the decretals at Ferrara, c. 1467-74, where he was a colleague of Felino Sandeo.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 350.

 

Giorgio Priuli, a Venetian, taught canon law at Padua from c. 1467 to 1472.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 354.


Giovanni (see also Johannes, Jean and Ioannes)


 

Giovanni d'Anania, from Anagni, studied both laws at Bologna and received the doctorate in 1423. Then he began teaching there. In 1443, he abandoned his professorial chair, however, to embark on a political career. His wife had died in the same year, and he also became a cleric, holding several offices as a canon at the cathedral of Bologna, since 1448 as the archdeacon. He died in 1457.

TEXTS: 1. Commentaria super V libro Decretalium (X 5), Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1479, 1497; Milan 1492, 1497 (Hain 938-41); Lyons 1546, 1553.

2. Commentaria super Sexto decretalium (VI), Early Printed Editions: Milan 1492 (Hain 942); Lyons 1546, 1553.

3. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1481 (ed. Lodovico Bolognini), 1496 (Hain 936); Milan 1491, 1496; Venice 1496, 1575, 1576.

4. Quaestiones, MANUSCRIPT:

5. Disputatio in materia alienationis feudi, Early Printed Editions: Basel 1564; Selectae quaestiones juris variae (Cologne 1570) 460; also in Martinus de Carratti di Lodi, Opera feudorum(Frankfurt 1581).

6. Allegatio de salario et stipendio ac obligatione et promissione domini

MANUSCRIPT:

7. Tractatus de iubileo, Early Printed Editions: s.l, s.a. (Hain 943-44).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 320-22.





Ioannes Andreae, from Treviso, held a chair in canon law at Padua in 1432.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 351.





Ioannes Jacobus de Canibus, born at Padua, c. 1425, became doctor on both laws there around 1451. He taught predominantly canon law at Padua from at least 1448 until 1483. Curiously, he left various writings on civil law, but it is difficult to ascertain of his teaching of the Corpus iuris civilis. Giovanni died at his hometown in 1494.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super Decretalibus (X), MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Universitätsbibl. 2.249.

2. Commentarium super tit. de iniuriis et dampno dato (or De represaliis; X 5.36)

Early Printed Editions: s.l., s.a. (Hain 4329); Padua 1472-73; Pavia 1479; Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) XVII, fol. 16v-20v; Selecti tractatus iuris vere aurei .. in materia assecurationis (Cologne 1569: also Venice 1580) 434-46; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 12, fol. 275ra-279rb; Corpus tractatuum de pignoribus et hypothecis (Frankfurt 1586) 584-86; De mercatura decisionibus et tractatus varii (Lyons 1592) 837-49.

3. Breviarium Decretalium Gregorii IX, MANUSCRIPT: Naples, Bibl. Naz. I.H.50.

4. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: I. Ziletti (ed.), Consiliorum matrimonialium .. volumen I(Venice 1572) n.19-20; MANUSCRIPTS: Ravenna, Class. 485, vol. IV, V; Venice, Bibl. Marc. lat. V.2.

5. De executione ultimarum voluntatum; Early Printed Editions: Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) VII, fol. 84r-92v; Selecti tractatus iuris vere aurei de successione (Venice 1570) 383-407; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 8.1, fol. 185va-194vb; Selecti tractatus de successionibus(Cologne 1590) 818-925.

6. De modo studendi in utroque iure, Early Printed Editions: Padua 1476, 1485; Pavia 1484; Brno 1488; Berlin 1889 (ed. G. Pescatore).

7. De tabellionibus, Early Printed Editions: Padua 1482; Bologna 1482; Venioce 1556; Lyons 1559.

LITERATURE: C. Dionisotti, `Filologia umanistica e testi giuridici fra Quattro e Cinquecento', La critica del testo (Florence 1971) 194-204. A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 259-63. R. Ricciardi, `Cani (Cane, Canis, a Canibus, de Canibus), Giovanni Iacopo', DBI 18 (1976) 74-76. G. Tournoy, `Francesco Diedo, Venetian humanist and politician of the Quattrocento', Humanistica Lovaniensia 19 (1970) 201-19.





Giovanni Antonio Carafa, born c. 1407/08 at Naples, abandoned his former status as a cleric around 1439, when he was already doctor legum and taught at the University. While during his early life he was mostly active as a civilian, he later turned to canon law which he taught at Naples from at least 1468 and perhaps as long as until his death in 1486.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitiones in Decretales

A. in cap. Veniens (X 5.1.15), MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5922, fols. 53ra-78ra.

2. Repetitiones in Sextum

A. Repetitio in VI 5.12.4 (De restitutionibus), MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5922, fols. 1ra-52va; Vat. Barb. lat. 1493, fol. 84ra-96ra (fragmentary).

3. Repetitiones in Clementinas

A. Repetitio in Clem. 5.8.1

MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5922, fol. 129ra-146va.

4. De symonia, Early Printed Edition: Hain 4499 (cf. E. Cortese [1985] 83 n.140), MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5922, fol. 111ra-128va

LITERATURE: E. Cortese, `Sulla scienza giuridica a Napoli tra Quattro e Cinquecento', Scuole diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d'Italia I (Catania 1985) 51-54, 81-87. F. Petrucci, DBI 19.564.


Giovanni Citaro taught the decretals at Naples from at least 1478 to 1480.

LITERATURE: E. Cortese, `Sulla scienza giuridica a Napoli tra Quattro e Cinquecento', Scuole diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d'Italia I (Catania 1985) 82 n.134.


Giovanni Garzo, a Venetian, lectured on canon law at Padua, 1438-54.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 352.


Giovanni Nicoletti da Imola, (see Johannes de Imola)


Giovanni Battista della Legge, a Venetian, taught canon law at Padua from c. 1466-72, when he became a candidate for the bishopric of Torcello.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 328, 354.

 

Giovanni Manfredi taught canon or civil law at Padua in 1445.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 353.

 

(Giovanni) Battista del Monte taught canon or civil law at Padua in 1502-03.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 325, 335.

(Giovanni) Francesco Mussato taught canon law at Padua in 1488.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 355.


Giovanni Antonio Panteo, a known humanist from Verona, taught canon law at Padua around 1478.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 355.


Giovanni Francesco Pasqualigo, from Venice, taught canon law at Padua from 1468-70.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 324.

 

Giovanni Francesco Pavini (see Gian Francesco Pavini)

 

Giovanni Battista Roselli, a cousin of Antonio Roselli, was born at Arezzo around 1430. He studied law at Padua from at least 1446 and became doctor of both laws c. 1452, when he joined the college of judges and began teaching canon law. From 1458 to 1464, for example, he was in chrage of the `schola Sexti', but in the following years his assignments rather concentrated on civil law. He returned to the teaching of canon law only in the 1480's. He held often changing posts after that, partly because of ill health, partly because he apparently did not think of leaving Padua and therefore could not exert pressure on the University to offer him permanent posts. He died in 1510.

TEXTS: 1. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: I. Ziletti (ed.), Criminalium consiliorum atque responsorum (Venice 1560) vol.I, n.90; I. Ziletti (ed.), Consiliorum seu responsorum in causis criminalibus (Venice 1571) vol. II, n.34; I. Ziletti (ed.), Consiliorum matrimonialium .. volumen I (Venice 1572) n.54; Pro Monte Pietatis consilia (Venice 1495-97) fol. 34r.

MANUSCRIPTS: Ravenna, Class. 485, vol. IV, V; Venice, Bibl. Naz. Marc. lat. V.2.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 247-50.


Giovanni Antonio Sacco taught canon law at Padua in 1486-87.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 246.
 


(Giovanni) Battista da Sanbiagio, born at Padova c. 1425, became doctor of law around 1458 and began teaching civil law in 1459. His work indicates an unusual interest in feudal law, and he may have been one of the first lecturers on the discipline at the University of Padua at some time during the 1470's. His first chair in canon law he did not obtain until the early 1480's, whereupon he transferred to Brescia to join the staff of the podestà. There he died in 1492.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitio in primam rubricam Decreti De iure naturae et constitutionis

Early Printed Editions: Venice 1481, 1498; Repetiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes(Venice 1587; Cologne 1618) I, fol. 2v-12r.

2. De contradictionum iuris canonici cum iure civili

Early Printed Editions: Venice 1477, 1478, Pavia 1498; Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) I, fol. 155r-59v; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 1, fol. 185ra-189ra; MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 28249.

3. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1477; Pavia 1498; I. Ziletti (ed.), Responsiones ad causas ultimarum voluntatum (Venice 1581) vol. I, n. 146-48; vol. II, n. 34, 36-37, 101, 107; I. Ziletti (ed.), Criminalium consiliorum atque responsorum (Venice 1562) vol.II, n.76-77; I. Ziletti (ed.), Consiliorum seu responsorum in causis criminalibus (Venice 1571) vol. II, n.44.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 251-54. J. Portemer, Recherches sur les `Differentiae iuris civilis et canonici' au temps du droit classique de l'Église (Paris 1946) 95-100.





Giovanni da San Giorgio (see Johannes de S. Georgio)





Giovanni Speraindio, a Sicilian, taught at Padua, 1505-06, after receiving degrees in civil and canon law in 1505.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 325, 337.





Giovanni Battista da Thiene, from Vicenza, taught canon law at Padua in 1502.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 343.



Giovanni Ubaldini may have lectured on the Decretum at Padua in 1480, and can perhaps be identified with the abbot of San Daniel. LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 329.


 

Giovanni Ubaldini, abbot of Santa Maria di Praglia, taught canon law at Padua during the first decade of the 15th century.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 350.


 

Giovanni Ungaro (Ioannes Kakas Budensis) taught canon law at Padua in 1500-01 and received a degree in 1511.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 330.


 

Giovanni Vercellese was a teacher of canon law at Padua in 1454.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 353.





Giuliano Cesarini, born in Rome in 1398, studied law at Perugia, Bologna and Padua, where he obtained the doctorate in utroque iure and lectured for a while. He then pursued an ecclesiastical career as an auditor of the Rota (1422) and papal legate on numerous missions, which soon led him to the cardinalate (1426). He died during the battle of Varna in 1444.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 350. B. Becker, Giuliano Cesarini (Münster 1935). G. Christianson, `Cesarini: The Conciliar cardinal. The Basel Years, 1431-38' (St. Ottilien 1979). J. Gill, `Cardinal Giuliano Cesarini (+1444)', in idem, Personalities of the Council of Florence(Oxford 1964) 95-103. F. Santovito, `Il cardinale Giuliano Cesarini (1398-1444)', Nicolaus 7 (1979) 187-92. A. Strnad - K. Walsh, `Cesarini, Giuliano'. DBI 24 (1980) 188-195.





Giulio Alberteschi, born in Rome, was a teacher of canon law at Padua while he was receiving degrees in both laws, 1506 and 1507. LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 325.





Goffredo lectured on canon law at Padua in 1500-01.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 325.





Gonzalo García de Villadiego (see Gundisalvo de Villadiego)





Gotschalcus Hollen, an Augustinian friar at Osnabrück, wrote on the Ten Commandments and died in 1481.

TEXT: Praeceptorium divinae legis, Early Printed Edition: s.l., s.a.; Cologne 1481 (Hain 8765-66).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 451.





Gregorio Bencivicenni, professor of canon law at Florence in 1350. At least one consilium written by G. survives.

TEXTS: Consilium (see Guido Boucianni)

LITERATURE: M. Ascheri, `Analecta consiliare manoscritta (1285-1354)', BMCL 15 (1985) 61-94.





Guido de Baysio (the Archdeacon) was born c.1246-1256 in Baiso, near Modena. He studied canon law under Guido de Suzzara and Giovanni d'Anguissola at Reggio, where he received the doctorate in canon law. He then moved to Bologna and taught, first privately, from 1283 until 1301, before he finally obtained a chair in canon law from the city. Besides, he received support and privileges from the Papal curia and was involved in curial politics since 1295. In 1296 he was named Archdeacon of the Church of Bologna. In 1304, G. was made a papal chaplain and auditor of the court of Audientia litterarum contradictarum, so that he moved to Avignon with the papal court in 1305. While his most important student was Johannes Andreae, the canonistic work securing him fame was the Rosarium, an enormous commentary on Gratian's Decretum which he completed in 1300. Guido included a mass of material from earlier canonists such as Huguccio, Laurentius, and Vincentius which were not included in the Glossa ordinaria of Johannes Teutonicus as revised by Bartholomeus Brixiensis. He also composed an apparatus on the Liber Sextus. Guido died in 1313.

TEXTS: Rosarium Decretorum, MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. Munic. 360; Arras, Bibl. Munic. 49 and 475; Autun, Bibl. Munic. 21; Darmstadt 348; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 127 and 135; Frankfurt, Stadtbibl. 36; New Haven, Yale University MS 338 fol. 1r-211v; Prague, Mus. M.19; St. Omer, Bibl. Munic. 450; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2067. Early Printed Editions: Venice 1480; Strasbourg 1472; Rome 1477; [no location] 1481; [no location] 1495 (Hain 2715-2719).

2. Apparatus (Lectura) super Sexto, Early Printed Edition: Milan 1490 (Hain 2710).

MANUSCRIPTS: A. including the gloss on `Clericis laicos' (1304-06): Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1393; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2546; Vat. Urb. lat. 176; Vat. Barb. lat. 1455; B. omitting gloss on `Clericis laicos' (after 1206): Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1452; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2565; Vat. Borgh. 40; Vat. Borgh. lat. 233; Vat. Borgh. lat. 234; Vat. Borgh. lat. 259.

C. undetermined: Angers, Bibl. Munic. 374, 375, and 377; Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 319, 324 (with decretal text), 328, and 356; Grenoble, Bibl. Munic. 54; Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye. fol. membr. 44; 46; 48; Lucca, Bibl. Capit. Felin. 144, fol. 43r-201r; Munich, Clm 3888; Paris, B.N. lat. 4054, fol. 1r-158v; 4055, fol. 2r-131v; 8929, 11719; Rouen, Bibl. munic. E.12 (752), fol. 1r-142r; St. Omer, Bibl. Munic. 437 (with decretal text); Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2103 and 2104.

3. Tractatus super haeresi, Early Printed Edition: G. Mansi, Sacrorum conciliorum...amplissima collectio XXV (Venice 1782) 417-426.

MANUSCRIPT: Florence, Bibl. Laur. Plut. XX.39.

4. Constitutiones super observancia audienciae contradictarum Early Printed Edition: J. Teige, Beiträge zur Geschichte der Audientia Contradictarum I (Prag 1897).

MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 685, fol. 42v-43v; Vat. lat. 3986, fol. 2v-3v.

5. Quaestiones, MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. P. II. 23; Darmstadt 853.

A. Quaestio disputata per dominum Guidone Abaysii decretorum doctorem sub mcclxxxv die viii decembris MANUSCRIPT: Rome, Bibl. Casanatense MS 224, fol. 2-2v.

LITERATURE: R. Aubert, `Guy de Baisio', DHGE 22 (1989) 1255. F. Gillmann, `Guido de Baysio und Johannes de Anguissola', AKKR 104 (1924) 54-55. Thomas M. Izbicki, `Guido de Baysio's unedited gloss on "Clericis laicos",' BMCL 13 (1983) 62-67. Filippo Liotta, `Appunti per una biografia del canonista Guido da Baisio arcidiacono di Bologna', Studi senesi 76 (1964) 7-52. F. Liotta, `Baisio (Abaisi, Abaisio, Abaisius)', DBI 5 (1963) 293-97. Schulte, QL II 186-90.





Guido of Belvisio, from Bologna, taught canon law there, was advocate at the court of the podestàin 1298 and died before 1313.

TEXTS: 1. Tractatus contrarietatum et diuersitatum inter iuris canonicum et ciuile, MANUSCRIPTS: According to J. Portemer (1946), no MS of the treatise survives.

LITERATURE: M. Caravale, `Belvisi (Balvisio). Guido', DBI 8 (1966) 96-97. Charles Lefebvre, `Gui de Belvisio', DDC 5 (1953) 1008. J. Portemer, Recherches sur les `Differentiae iuris civilis et canonici au temps du droit classique de l'Église (Paris 1946) Schulte, QL II 191.





Guido Boucianni, taught canon law at the University of Florence in 1350. A consilium of his survives at the Archivo di stato at Florence.

TEXTS: Consilium (together with consilia Lapus de Sancto Miniato, Matteo di Narni, and Gregorio Bencivenni) Florence AS S.Domenico in Maglio.

LITERATURE: M. Ascheri, `Analecta manoscritta consiliare', BMCL 15 (1985) 61-94.





Guido de Leonico appears as decretorum doctor and university teacher in a document from 1326, preserved in the episcopal archives at Padua.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 256 n.8.



Guido de Monte Rotherii (also Roterio, Rocherii, Richori, Richory, Rochen) is known as the author of a manual for the secular clergy, including the treatment of confessional matters. The work was completed in 1330/33 at Terruel (Aragón) and is preceded by a dedicatory letter to the bishop of Valencia. Nothing else is known about G's life, although the success of his work outside of Spain was enormous. The Staatsbibliothek in Munich alone preserves 31 printed editions.

TEXT: Manipulus curatorum, Early Printed Editions: Hain 1827, 8157-8215.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 241; idem, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 369-72. H. Santiago Otero, `Guido de Monte Roterio. Manuscritos de sus obras en la Staatsbibliothek de Munich', Revista Española de Teología 30 (1970) 391-405; idem, `Guido de Monte Roterio y el "Manipulus curatorum",' Proceedings Salamanca (MIC C-6; Vatican City 1980) 259-65.   Conrado Guardiola Alcover,  "Los primeros datos documentales sobre Guido de Monte Roquerio, autor del Manipulus curatorum," Hispania 48/170 (1988) 797-826;  Pierre Michaud-Quantin,  "Guy de Montrocher,"  Dictionnaire de spiritualité ascétique et mystique 6 (Paris, G. Beauchesne, 1932-1995) 1303-1304;  Manuel José Pedraza Gracia,  "La introducción de la imprenta en Zaragoza: La producción y distribución del Manipulus Curatorum de Guido de Monterroterio, Zaragoza, Matheus Flandres, 15 de Octubre de 1475," Gutenberg-Jahrbuch 71 (1996) 65-71; AndrésPlumed Allueva,  "El Manipulus Curatorum, suma de moral pastoral del siglo XIV," Revista española de filosofía medieval 3 (1996) 101-108;  Schulte, QL II 429-30.



Guido Papa (Guipape), from Lyons, studied law at Montpellier, Pavia, and Torino, before he moved to Grenoble to become an advocate, in 1430. As a member of the provincial goverment (since 1444), he collected the decisions of the council, later parliament (after 1453) of the Dauphiné. His political career was finished, however, when the king charged him with illoyal behavior (1461). He nevertheless stayed at Grenoble for the rest of his life (d.1487), working on several legal treatises.

TEXTS: 1. Consilia

2. Singularia

3. tractatus de appellationibus:

4. Tractatus de rescriptis:

LITERATURE: L. Chabrand, Étude sur Gui Pape (1404?-1477) (Thèse, Univ. de Paris Fac. de droit: Paris 1912). G. Letonnellier, `Gui Pape', DDC 5 (1953) 1009-11. Schulte, QL II 370.





Guido Terreni, born around 1260, joined the Carmelites in 1290 and taught theology at Paris until 1318, when he was made general of his order. One of the great supporters of Pope John XXII and his policies, he became bishop of Majorca (1321) and Elne (1332), but spent much of his time at the papal curia at Avignon, where he died in 1342. He left a number of canonistic works such as the Expositorium Decreti, which offered a resume of Gratian's text for the use of theologians.

TEXTS: 1. Epistolae ad Iohannem utrum invocantes dominum sint haeretici, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. 348.

2. Expositorium Decreti, MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 3914; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1453.

LITERATURE: P. Fournier, `Gui Terré (Guido Terreni), théologien', HLF 36 (1927) 432-73. A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 425. Thomas Izbicki, `The ecclesiology of Guido Terreni' (Ph.D. Diss. Cornell 1978); idem, `Infallibility and the erring pope: Guido Terreni and Johannes de Turrecremata', Law, church and society: essays in honor of Stephan Kuttner, K.Pennington and R.Sommerville, eds. (Philadelphia 1977) 97-105. J. Melsen, Guido Terreni (1260?-1342) jurista (Rome 1939). Roberto Naz, `Gui Terré ou Guido Terreni ou Gui de Perpignan', DDC 5 (1953) 1011-12. Schulte, QL II 230. Thomas Turley, `Infallibilists in the curia of Pope John XXII', Journal of Medieval History 1 (1975) 71-102; idem, `Guido Terreni and the Decretum', BMCL 8 (1978) 29-34.





Guillelmus Bont, member of the arts faculty at Paris, transferred in 1427 to the newly established University at Louvain, to be the first to receive the chair in canon law. He died there in 1454.

TEXT: 1. Lectura ad librum II Decretalium (X 2), MANUSCRIPTS: Brussels, Bibl. Royale 5268, 5269, fol. 1-140, and 5435.

2. Tractatus de usuris et emtione redituum vitalium et perpetuorum, Early Printed Editions: s.a., s.l. (Hain 3643); Tractatus universi iuris VII (Venice 1584) fol. 74.

LITERATURE: R. Naz, `Guillaume Bont', DDC 5 (1953) 1012-13. Schulte, QL II 451.





Guillelmus Durantis the younger ( 1328)

TEXTS: Tractatus de modo generalis concilii celebrandi

LITERATURE: C. Fasolt, The manuscripts and editions of William Durant the younger's "Tractatus de modo generalis concilii celebrandi",' AHC 10 (1978) 290-309; idem, `Die Erforschung von Wilhelm Durants d.j. "Tractatus de modo generalis concilii celebrandi",' AHC 12 (1980) 205-28; idem, `A new view of William Durant the younger's "Tractatus de modo generalis concilii celebrandi",' Traditio 37 (1981) 291-324; idem, `At the crossroads of law and politics: William Durant the Younger's "Treatise" on councils', BMCL 18 (1988) 42-52; idem, Council and Hierarchy: The Political Thought of William Durant the Younger (Cambridge studies in medieval life and thought, 4th ser., 16; Cambridge 1991).





Guillelmus Hugonis, archdeacon of Metz, wrote a treatise, commissioned at Arras in 1435, on the Treaty of Troyes (1420) in order to prove that Phillip, Duke of Burgundy, was not bound by its provisions which made the English king the successor of Charles VI to the French throne.

TEXTS: Allegationes in tractatu pacis fiendo apud Atrebatum, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2085, fol. 227va-30ra.

LITERATURE: Thomas Izbicki, `The canonists and the treaty of Troyes', Proceedings Salamanca(MIC C-6; Vatican City 1980) 432-34.





Guillelmus de Mandagato studied canon law at Bologna under Bérengar de Frédol and obtained a doctorate in 1275. By 1286, G. was serving in the Roman curia as an apostolic notary. He became a papal chaplain in 1291. In 1295, Boniface VIII appointed him to the archbishopric of Embrun, as well as to the commission drafting the Liber sextus (1296). G. briefly transferred to the see of Aix (1311-12), until he was made cardinal bishop of Palestrina in. G. died in December of 1321. G. was one of the editors of the Liber Sextus, wrote a tract on elections and drafted the statutes for the abbey of Montmajour. He was thought to have written a Summa on the Liber Extra, but this has recently been discounted.

TEXTS: 1. Tractatus de electionibus (cum glossis) (titled `Expositio'

Early Printed Editions: Paris 1506, 1523; Cologne 1573; Tractatus tractatuum (Venice 1584) vol. XV.1, fol. 407; MANUSCRIPTS: Autun, Bibl. Munic. 96; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. P.II.23, fol. 130-63 (cum glossis), P.III.12; Barcelona, Archivo de la Corona de Aragón, Ripoll 43, fol. 91r-124v (cum glossis); Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 276, fol. 147-79 (cum glossis); Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 277 (cum glossis); Erfurt, Wissenschafliche Allgemeinbibl. CA 2o 144, fol. 1r-25r; Erlangen, Univsitätsbibl. 164; Frankfurt am Main, Stadt- und Universitätsbibl. Barth. 13, fol. 151r-170v; Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye. fol. 50; Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibl. 96; Laon, Bibl. Munic. 190-92; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 975; Munich, Clm 4111; Clm 9539; Paris, B.N. lat. 4055, fol. 183-202r; lat. 8926; lat. 14328, fol. 13ra-24vb (cum glossis); lat. 15415; Prague, Mus. M.17, fol. 133; Reims, Bibl. munic. 769, fol. 1r-18r; Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 379; 831 (item 6); 1172; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2210; Würzburg, Universitätsbibl. Mp. th. f.55.

2. see Liber sextus

3. Statutes for the abbey of Montmajour

LITERATURE: M. Betram, `Kirchenrechtliche Vorlesungen aus Orleans', Francia 2 91974) 216-17. G. Mollat, `Guillaume de Mandagout', DDC 5 (1953) 1077-78; idem, `Guillaume de Mandagout', DHGE 22.129-30 (1988) 951-52. Schulte, QL II 183-85. Paul Violet, `Guillaume de Mandagout canoniste', HLF 34 (1915) 1-61.





Guilelmus de Monte Laudano (Guilelmus de Monte Lauduno, Guillaume de Montlauzun), from Quercy, joined the Cluniac order and studied at Paris, where he obtained the doctorate in canon law. Until at least 1314, he was then professor at the University of Toulouse. It is uncertain where he spent the following years, during which he completed most of his canonistic works. Besides commentaries on the more recent decretal collections, they included the Sacramentale, a manual intended to guide canonists through the intricacies of theological sacramental doctrine. In 1321, Pope John XXII made him abbot of Montierneuf (Poitiers). For the rest of his life, he was involved in administrative matters, often on behalf of the papacy. Guilelmus died in 1343.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super Sextum, Early Printed Edition: Toulouse 1524 with additions by Blaise Auriol>.

2. Apparatus in Clementinas, Early Printed Editions: partially in the Corpus iuris canonici (Rome 1475) (Hain 11595); Rouen 1512 (in part). MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. Munic. 392, fol. 1r-102v; Barcelona, Archivo de la Corona de Aragón, Ripoll 43, fol. 1r-49r; Cambridge, Gonville and Caius Coll. 269 (=502), fol. 56r-127r; 311 (=709), fol. 1-88v; Cambridge, Peterhouse Coll. 65, fol. 65r-132r; Deene Park (Corby, Northamptonshire, England), Libr. of G.L.T. Brudnell D.7.6, fol. 241r-312r; Halle, Universitäts- und Landesbibl. Ye 57, 2o, fol. 1r-129; Hereford, Cathed. Libr. O.viii.5, fol. 147r-212v; P.vi.7, fol. 61r-139r; Laon, Bibl. Munic. 379, item 7 (incomplete); London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11.C.xi, fol. 121r-178r; Naples, Bib. Naz. xii.A.7, fol. 1r-68r; Oxford, Bodleian Libr. lat. misc. b.20/1-2, fol. 241r-325v; Oxford, Corpus Christi Coll. 70, fol. 85r-135v; Oxford, Exeter Coll. 17, fol. 1r-61r; Oxford, New Coll. Libr. 180, fol. 38r--; 183, fol. 2r-179r (combined apparatus with that of Johannes Andreae); Paris, B.N. lat 4101, fol. 83r-159r (incomplete); lat. 14331, fol. 79r-115v; lat. 16902, fol. 166r-223v; Paris, Bibl. St. Geneviève 338, fol. 1r-182v; Prague, Univ. knihovna IV.D.3, Part 2 fol. 1r-180r; Reims, Bibl. Munic. 743, fol. 123r-216v; 769, fol. 57r-108v; Rouen, Bibl. Munic. E.12, fol. 260r-299v; Sainte-Claude, Bibl. Munic. 11, fol. 141-212 (incomplete); Saint-Omer, Bibl. nubic. 458, fol. 96v-156r; Salisbury, Cathed. Libr. 122, fol. 17r-144; Valenciennes, Bibl. munic. 270, fol. 45r-100; Vatican City, Vat. Ross. 565, fol. 1r-64r; Sainte-Claude, Bibl. munic. 11, pp. 141-212 (incomplete); Saint-Omer, Bibl. munic. 458, fol. 96v-156r; Salisbury, Cathed. Libr. 122, fol. 17r-144; Valenciennes, Bibl. munic. 270, fol. 45r-100; Vat. Ross. 565, fol. 1r-64r; Vat. lat. 1397, fol. 69r-130r; Worcester, Chapter Libr. F.168, fol. 86r-end.

3. Apostilla ad Clementinas (1.2.3) MANUSCRIPT: Barcelona, Archivo de la Corona de Aragón, Ripol. 43, fol. 55v.

4. Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587; Cologne 1618), vol. VI (in part), MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl.. Munic. 380; Bamberg P. III 3 and 19; Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 461; Laon, Bibl. Munic. 379 and 386; Paris, B.N. lat. 16902; Prague, Univ. knihovna IV D. 3l; St. Omer, Bibl. Munic. 440, 441, and 458.

3. Commentaria super tres extravagantes Ioannis XXII, suscepti regiminis, Execrabilis, and Sedes apostolica. This is usually found at the end of Guillelmus's Apparatus in Clementinas, thus folio references often indicate only the endpoint of the work.

Early printed edition: Rome 1475 <with additions by Franciscus de Pavanis>; (Hain 11595); by P. Chappuis (Paris 1500); MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Peterhouse Coll. 65, fol. -132r; Deene Park (Corby, Northamptonshire, England), Libr. of G.L.T. Brudenell, xviii.a.2 (XXC.7), fol. 312r-325v; Frankfurt am Main, Stadt- und Universitätsbibl. Barth. 13, fol. 140r-148v; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.15; Halle, Universitäts- und Landesbibl. Ye. 57, 2o, fol. 129-149; Hereford, Cathed. Libr. P.vi.7, fol. 139r-152v; Oxford, Bodleian Libr. lat. misc. 6.20/1-2, fol. -325; Oxford, Corpus Christi Coll. 70, fol. -135v; Oxford, Exeter Coll. 17, fol. -61r; Oxford, New Coll. 180, fol. -130v; Paris, B.N. lat. 4116; 14331, fol. -115v; 16902, fol. -223v; Reims, Bibl. munic. 743, fol. -216v; Salisbury, Cathed. Libr. 31, fol. 142v-149r; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1397, fol. -130r.

4. Sacramentale, MANUSCRIPTS: Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 189 and 316; Magdeburg, Gymn. 101, and 206; Munich, Clm 3061; Clm 3822; Clm 3876; Prague, Univ. knihovna V.B.17, fol. 224-297; Prague, Kap. N.11; Trier, Stadtbibl. 911; Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 1260.

5. Commentary on the constitution Summi magistri and others by Pope Benedict XII.

MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 4121; LITERATURE: P. Fournier `Guillaume de Montlauzun, canoniste', HLF 35 (1921) 467-503. Guillaume Mollat, `Guillaume de Montelauzun', DDC 5 (1953) 1078-1079; idem, `Guillaume de Montlauzun', DHGE 22.192-30 (1988) 970. Schulte, QL II 197-99.





Guillelmus Parisiensis, a Dominican, was the confessor of King Philip of France from 1305 and the chief investigator in Philip's campaign against the French Templar's from 1307 onwards. At an earlier stage of his career, G had studied at Paris, probably theology. A repertory of the Decretum and Liber extra, called Tabula iuris (before 1298), originates from that period. G. died around 1314.

TEXTS: Tabula super Decretales et Decreta, MANUSCRIPTS: Bonn, Universitätsbibl. 792, fol. 82ra-132vb; Brugge, Stadsbibl.372, fol. 229ra-255rb; Florence, Laur. S. Croce Plut.1 sin.7, fol. 30ra-119rb; Kraków, Jag. 2131, fol. 1-150v; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 930, fol. 182-235; Lüneburg, Jur. E.28; Madrid, BN 478, fol. 1-130v; Munich, Clm 7544, fol. 1-57vb; Padua, Univ. 2175; Paris, B.N. lat. 13667, fol. 1-140v; Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. lat. 276, fol. 1-67vb; Venice, Bibl. Marc. iv.62, fol. 1-138; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2194, fol. 33-85, lat. 2225, fol. 1-84v; Würzburg, Universitätsbibl. M.p.th.o.17, fol. 1-170vb.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (Rome 1975) 130-32. R. Naz, `Guillaume de Paris', DDC 5 (1953) 1079-80.





Guillaume de Cayeux, a Dominican, was prior of St. Joseph at Paris, 1286-96, and later head of the order for the French province (1296-1302 and 1306-9). He composed a confessional Summawhich is an abridgement of the work of Johannes of Freiburg. This abbreviation he also published rearranged in alphabetical order.

TEXTS: 1. Summa abbreviata, MANUSCRIPTS: Aberdeen, Univ. 108, fol. 1-171; Arras, Bibl. munic.356; Bayeux, Chapter 39; Brussels, Bibl. Roy. 2486, fol. 1-209v; Cambrai, Bibl. Munic. 1231; Clermont Ferrand, Bibl. Munic. 100, fol. 1-138v; Milan, Ambros. H.207, fol. 3ra-176vb; Paris, B.N. lat. 3727A; lat. 17493; Pavia, Univ. Aldini 8; St. Omer, Bibl. Munic. 313; St. Florian, Stiftsbibl. xi.143; Tarragona 79, fol. 16-205; Zagreb, Nac. MR 114, fol. 4-145v,

2. Summa abbreviata secundum ordinem alphabeti, MANUSCRIPTS: Klagenfurt, Perg. 16, fol. 1-154v; Klosterneuburg 1125, fol. 9-147; Munich, Clm 8019, fol. 1ra-185vb; Clm 8020, fol. 2-168v; Clm 18747, fol. 1-260vb.

LITERATURE: J. Dietterle, `Die "Summae confessorum (sive de casibus conscientiae)" von ihren Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 26 (1905) 59-63. T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (Rome 1975) 94-95. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 48. Schulte, QL II 425.





Guillaume Durand (see Guilelmus Durantis)  in the file to 1298





Guillelmus de Sasay (Saziaco), from Poitiers, was a Dominican at the convent of Fontenay-le-Comte (fl. saec. xiv).

TEXT: Tabula Decreti, MANUSCRIPT: Koblenz, Staatsarchiv 701/202, fol. 4-25v.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (Rome 1975) 162.





Guillermo de Cartagena, magister and archdeacon of Cartagena, composed a treatise on the canonical hours (early 14th century?). Nothing else appears to be known about him.

TEXT: De horis canonicis, MANUSCRIPT: Sevilla, Bibl. del Cab. 5-5-27, fol. 89ra-98vb.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 425-26; idem, `Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 162.





Guitto de Octavinis de Aretio taught canon law at Pisa. In this capacity, he edited a collection of Franciscus de Accoltis's consilia, which first appeared at Pisa in 1482.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 334 n.10.





Gundisalvo de Villadiego, from Burgos, studied both laws at Salamanca. After obtaining his doctorate, he taught canon law at Toledo from 1476 onwards. He later became auditor of the Roman Rota and was appointed to the bishopric of Oviedo, but died before he could assume the office.

TEXTS: 1. De haereticis et de irregularitate, Early Printed Editions: Salamanca 1496, 1519, 1589.

2. De origine iuris et potestate S.R.E. cardinalium, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris XIII.2 (Venice 1584), MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 3183.

3. De legato; Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris XI.2 (Venice 1584), fol. 258rb-82vb.

4. Summula de irregularitatibus, MANUSCRIPTS:

5. Repetitiones

A. in cap. Quoniam omne (X 2.26.20)

B. in cap. Constitutus (X 1.41.8)

C. in cap. Pervenit (X 3.17.4)

D. Tractatus monete (on X 2.24.18)

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano (I)', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 425; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 245. L. García Arias, `La doctrina diplomática expuesta por Gonzalo de Villadiego en su "Tractatus de legato",' Cuadernos de Historia diplomática 3 (1956) 275-310. S. García Cruzado, Gonzalo García de Villadiego, canonista salmantino del siglo XV (Rome - Madrid 1967). Schulte, QL II 406-07.





Guy de Toulouse (fl. early 14th c.) produced a partial, vulgar version of the Summa of Johannes of Freiburg that was particularly designed for the use of merchants (Incipit: Universis mercatoribus Tolosanis). The subjects of just price and usury figure prominently in the treatise. It was later translated into Latin.

TEXT: 1. Summa, Early Printed Edition: a) French text: Provins 1496 (Hain 7378; an abridged version); MANUSCRIPTS (of the Latin version): Berlin, Staatsbibl. theol. lat. 370, fol. 115-22; Cambridge, GC 122, fol. 1-19; Oxford, Lincoln Coll.81, fol. 33-41; Paris, B.N. lat. 10689, fol. 27v-36ra.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (Rome 1975) 74-75. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 48.

Harynghus Sifridus Sinnama de Hagis Frisiae (Hermann) (XV-XVI century). Taught both laws in Cologne until 1495. Served as a judge of the Reichskammergericht from 1495 to 1504. Wrote one work, the Expositiones, which was an encyclopedic work on law.

TEXTS: Expositiones siue declarationes titulorum utriusque iuris, Early Printed Editions: Cologne 1491 (Hain 14725).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 373.
 

Heinrich Grefe was from Göttingen. He taught both laws at Leipzig from 1481-1521.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura quatuor arborum consanguinitatis, affinitatis, cognationis spiritualis et legalis, Early Printed Edition: Leipzig 1492 (Hain 1041)

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 373-74.
 
   

Heinrich von O(l)dendorp (de Colonia), born in the diocese of Cologne c. 1360. H. was professor of canon law at the University of Vienna from c.1383 until his death in 1399/1400. Heinrich wrote a long commentary on X 5.38.12 'Omnis utriusque sexus', a canon issued at Lateran IV in 1215 in which it was stipulated that every Christian was obliged to go to confession at least once a year.

TEXTS: Lectura super capitulo 'Omnis utriusque', Early Printed Editions: Hain 11957-58; Memmingen 1490; Leipzig 1493; MANUSCRIPTS: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 597; Munich, Clm 5604; Clm 5897; Clm 8367; Clm 16490; Clm 27427; Prague, Kap. N.16; Stuttgart, Landesbibl. Jur. F.132; Theol. F.10.

LITERATURE: Gerard Fransen, 'Henri Odendorp', DHGE 23.136 (1991). P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 94. Schulte, QL II 434-35.
 
 
 
 

Heinrich von Oyta (d. 1397).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 434.
   
 

Helias Bognier (Hélie Regnier )(XV century). French professor of law at Poitiers until at least 1494. Wrote Casus longi to the Sext and Clementines.

TEXTS: Casus longi in Sextum et Clementinas, Early Printed Editions: Poitiers 1483; Strasbourg 1488; Bologna 1488; Bologna 1489.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 374.  R Feenstra, 'Le Casus Institutionum de Guido de Cumis (manuscrits et editions)', Études en souvenir de Georges Chevrier 2 vols. (Memoires de la Société pour l'Histoire du Droit et des Institutions des Anciens Pays Bourgignons, Comtois et Romands 29-30 [1968-69] [1970-71]: Dijon 1972) 231-53 at 244-45, 251 n.3.
   
 

Henning Göde (also Goeden, Goden, Gode, Goede) (b. 1450-d.1521). born c.1450 in Havelberg. Received the doctor utriusque iuris at Erfurt in 1489. Taught canon law and held various University and civic posts in Erfurt, Gotha, and Wittenburg. H. Wrote a number of Consilia.

TEXTS: Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Budissinae 1575.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 374-75.
 
 
 
 

Henricus de Alano, (Enrico) born in Soligo (Treviso), c. 1370, studied at Padua where he obtained the doctor in utroque iure in 1394. E. taught in Padua from c. 1394 until his death. Gregor of Heimburg was among his students. E. also held many public offices at Padua and was a lawyer, consultant, and judge. He died at Padua in 1432.

TEXTS: Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: Florence, Bibl. Nazionale Centrale, Magliab. XXIX 172; Ravenna, Bibl. Classense, 485, vol. VII; Venice, Bibl. Nazionale Marciana, lat. V 2 [2324].

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 187-88. O. Ronchi, 'Notizie da documenti inediti del sec. XV intorno alla chiesa di S. Maria dei Servi', in O. Ronchi, 'Vecchia Padova, Spigolature e contributi storici di arte, urbanistica e cultura', Bollettino del Museo civico di Padova 56 (1967) 103-14. M. Watanabe, 'Humanism in the Tyrol: Aeneas Sylvius, Duke Sigismund, Gregor Heimburg', The Journal of Mediaeval and Renaissance Studies 4 (1974) 177-202, 217-236.
 
 
 
 

Henricus Bohic (b. 1310-ca. 1357) H. studied civil law in Orleans and canon law in Paris where he received the doctorate in utriusque iuris around 1335. Taught canon law at Paris until his death ca. 1357. H. wrote a large series of Distinctiones on the Liber Extra, as well as repertoria on the Liber Sextus and the Decretum. A tract on patronage has also been attributed to him.

TEXTS: 1. Distinctiones in libros V Decretalium, Early printed edition: [no location] 1498 (Hain 3682); MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 4025; 4026 and many other manuscripts (see Fournier HLF for a complete list)

2. Repertorium super Decretum, MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2255, fol. 222v-; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2236, fol. 248-.

3. Repertorium super Sextum, MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2255, fol. 216v-222r; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2236, fol. 238-48.

4. Tractatus de iure patronatus, Early printed edition: Frankfurt (1581).

LITERATURE: Paul Fournier, 'Henri Bohic, Canoniste', HLF 37 (1936-38) 153-73. Gérard Fransen, 'Henri Bohic ou Boich, Bouhic, Boyk', DHGE 23.136 (1991) 1095-96. A. Lambert, 'Bohic, Henri', DDC 2 (1937) 928-29. Schulte, QL II 266-70. Jean-Luc Deuffic, 'Au service de l’Université et au conseil du duc … Notes sur le canoniste breton Henri Bohic († v. 1357)',  Pecia  4 (2004) 47-101; Jean-Luc Deuffic, 'Henri Bohic, et le receveur Yves de Cleder' (Notes de biblilogie: Livres d’heures et manuscrits du Moyen Age identifiés), Pecia 7 (2009) 57-62.  For a detailed discussion of his life, works, and bibliography of manuscripts, see the website of Jean-Luc Deuffic, http://henri-bohic.tumblr.com/
 
 
 
 

Henricus Gulpen, was abbot of the Benedictine convent of St. Egidius at Nürnberg and participant at the Council of Constance. He wrote commentaries on De penitentia and part III of Gratian's Decretum. Another treatise on confession also emphasizes his interest in matters concerning the forum internum.

TEXTS:1. Commentary on De penitentia of the Decretum Gratiani

2. Commentary on De consecratione of the Decretum Gratiani

3. De confessione, MANUSCRIPT: Würzburg, Universitätsbibl. Mch. Q.80.

LITERATURE: P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 81. Schulte, QL II 439.
 
 
 
 

Henricus de Hassia (see Henricus de Langenstein)
 
 
 
 

Henricus de Hervordia (Herford) was a Dominican from the convent of St. Paul at Minden (Westphalia). Besides several theological and grammatical treatises, he also composed a commentary on the decretal Super cathedram of Boniface VIII, which he mentions in his Catena aurea (MS Vatican City, Vat. lat. 4310, fol. 1), but now appears to be lost. He died in 1470.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (Rome 1975) 197-98.
 
 
 
 

Henricus de Langenstein (de Hassia) lived from 1325-1397. Henricus pursued an academic career, first in philosophy (ca. 1363), then as a doctor of theology at Paris (1376). When the French king increased his pressure on the university to acknowledge the Avignonese Pope Clement VII, Henricus answered with pamphletes that called ofr a general council to end of schism. In 1383, he left Paris and eventually joined the University of Vienna. There he composed treatises bearing on legal matters, among which his confessional manual became a major work of reference in the Empire.

TEXTS: 1. De confessione, Early Printed Editions: Memmingen 1483; MANUSCRIPTS: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 547, 548, and 562; Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibl. 194; Paris. Bibl. Maz. 943; Paris, B.N. lat. 10730; Prague, Kap. D.131; Sélestat, Arch. Munic. 57; Strasbourg, Bibl. Univ. 83; Würzburg, Universitätsbibl. Mch F 142; Wroclaw, Univ. II.F.88.

2. De monachis et monialibus proprietariis, MANUSCRIPTS:

LITERATURE: G. Aschbach, Geschichte der Wiener Universität 1.366-402. O. Harting, Henricus de Langenstein dictus de Hassia (Marburg 1857). K. Heilig, 'Studien zum Schrifttum der beiden Heinrich von Hessen', Römische Quartalsschrift (1932) 105-76. G. Kreuzer, Heinrich von Langenstein: Studien zur Biographie und zu Schisma-traktaten unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Epistola pacis und der Epistola concilii pacis (Quellen und Forschungen aus dem Gebiet der Geschichte N.F.6; Paderborn/Munich 1987). P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 77-80. Schulte, QL II 432-33.
 
 
 
 

Henricus minor (de Merseburg, de Magdeburg) (XIV century).

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super quinque libris decretalium, MANUSCRIPTS: Prague, Univ. knihovna XIV.E.26; VIII.G.21; Prague, Kap. 4; Kap. 15; Klosterneuburg 1032; Leipzig 1002; 1003; 1004; 1006; Königsberg, Universitätsbibl. 99; 100; 101; Melk O.12; Munich, Clm 3844.

2) See 'Fecit Deus duo luminaria'

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 244-45.
 
 
 
 

Henry de Gand

TEXTS: De poenitentia

LITERATURE: R. Macken, Le "De poenitentia" d'Henri de Gand retrouvé', RTAM 36 (1969) 184-95, 37 (1970) 150.
 
 
 
 

Hermannus de Praga studied canon law at Bologna around 1300. He later became member of the cathedral chapter at Prague, then auditor at the curia in Avignon. There he wrote several canonistic treatises for the practical needs of the jurists in court. The most important is a concordance of Gratian's decretum with the decretal collection of Gregory IX. In 1337, he was appointed bishop of Ermland. He died in 1349.

TEXTS: 1. Compendium decretorum et concordantia decretalium cum decretis, MANUSCRIPT: Brno, Statni Arch. Ceroni ii-358, p.453-86.

2. Summula de concordancia scriptorum theoloycorum et iuridicorum, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1016.

3. Opusculum de casibus reservatis, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2672.

LITERATURE: J. Brinktrine, 'Hermann von Prag, ein vergessener Kanonist und Theolog des 14. Jahrhunderts', Miscellanea Francesco Ehrle (Studi e testi 37; Vatican City 1924) 357-74. J. Kejr, 'Hermanni de Praga concordantia decretalium cum decretis', SG 20 (1976) 1-15.
 
 
 
 

Hermannus de Schildis (von Schildesche), an Augustinian monk, died in his convent in Würzburg in 1475. About his life and education nothing more is known, but he left three more or less legal works. He died in 1357.

TEXTS: 1. Introductorium pro studio iuris canonici, MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Univ. knihovna XII.B.3

2. Tractatus contra hereticos negantes immunitatem et iurisdictionem ecclesiae

3. Speculum sacerdotum, Early Printed Editions: Hain 14516-14523; MANUSCRIPT: Magdeburg, Stadtbibl. MS 81

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 431. E. Seckel, Beiträge zur Geschichte beider Rechte im Mittelalter I (Tübingen 1898) 129-45, 503-7. A. Zumkeller, Hermann von Schildesche, O.E.S.A(Würzburg 1957).
 
 
 
 

Hervaeus Natalis Brito, better known as a theologian and controversialist, studied theology at Paris as a member of the Dominican convent of S. Jacobi (ca.1302-7). He became prior of the French province of the Dominicans (1309-18) and later general of the order (1318-23). He died in 1323. Among his numerous writings, there are also some that bear on legal matters.

TEXTS (legal only): 1. De iurisdictione et exemptione religiosorum, EDITIONS: J. D. Mansi (Lucca 1747) 4.567-80; L. Hödl (1959) 14-34.

2. Dicta de dissolubilitate matrimonii non consummati per susceptionem ordinis, MANUSCRIPT: Rome, Bibl. Univ. Alessandrina 79, fol. 46-50.

LITERATURE: L. Hödl, De iursidictione. Ein unveröffentlichter Traktat des Herveus Natalis(Munich 1959). T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (Rome 1975) 231-44.
 
 
 
 

Hieronymous Clarius Brixiensis

TEXTS:

LITERATURE: R Feenstra, 'Le Casus Institutionum de Guido de Cumis (manuscrits et editions)', Études en souvenir de Georges Chevrier 2 vols. (Memoires de la société pour l'histoire du Droit et des Institutions des anciens pays bourgignons, comtois et romands 29-30 [1968-69; 1970-71]: Dijon 1972) I 231-53 at 244-45, 251 n.3.
 
 
Hieronymus de Zanettinis (see Gerolamo Zanettini)
 
   

Hippolytus de Marsiliis, born in Bologna in 1451, became doctor in utriusque iuris in 1480. H. taught Roman law from 1482. He wrote a number of repetitiones and notabilia on various canons and decretals. It is not known when H. died.

TEXTS: 1. Singularia seu notabilia, Early printed edition: Milan 1512.

2. Repetitio in cap. Vt si clerici, Early printed editions: Repetitiones in uniuersas fere iuris canonici III Venice 1587.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 360-61

 

Honorat Bovet (Bouvet, Bonet) born in Provence, received doctor decretorum from University of Avignon in 1386.

TEXTS:

1. L'Arbre des batailles

Manuscripts:

Berkeley, California, University of California Law School (Boalt Hall), Robbins Collection, 91, fol. 1r-130v; London, British Library Royal 20.C.VIII; Paris, B.N.F. fran. 206, 587, 673, 674, 1260, 1262, 1263-1264, 1265, 1266, 1267

Editions and Translations:

 

 The Tree of Battles, ed. G. W. Coopland (Liverpool, University of Liverpool Press, 1949)
 
2.
Apparicion maistre Jehan de Meun Translated in English Honore Bovet [Bouvet], Medieval Muslims, Christians and Jews in Dialogue. The 'Apparicion maistre Jehan de Meun of Honorat Bovet', ed. M. Hanly, Tempe, AZ, The Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005

LITERATURE:  Michael Hanly, 'Courtiers and Poets:  An International Network of Literary Exchange', Viator 28 (1997) 305-332

 

   

Jacobus, a judge from Aix (fl. 1414-16), is the author of a Repetitio first attributed to Jacobus de Belvisio.

TEXTS: Repetitio in c. I § Contrahentes, tit. de foro compet. (VI 2.2.1 §3), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587; Cologne 1618), vol.V, fol. 153-65.

LITERATURE: J.Weygantt, H.Wagnon, 'Jacques ou Jacobus de Belvisio', DDC 6 (1957) 79-80.
    
 

Jacobus Alvarottus (see Giacomo Alvarotti)
 
   

Jacobus Balneus (de Bangio) was a Franciscan from Aquila (late fifteenth century), who wrote an Italian, versified treatise on ecclsiastical sanctions.

TEXTS: 1. Tractato de tutte censure et pene, Early Printed Edition: L'Aquila 1482.

LITERATURE: J. Sbaralea, Supplementum ad scriptores trium ordinum S. Francisci II (Rome 1921) 3. Schulte, QL II 376.
 
 
 
 

Jacobus de Belviso was born in Bologna around 1270. Studied at Bologna under Franciscus Accursius and Dino. He taught canon law there in 1296-97. He received doctorates from Naples in December of 1298 and from Bologna in 1305. It was long believed that he also obtained a degree from Aix, but this seems not to have been the case (see Maffei 1979). Similarly, he never wrote the treatise titled Practica, which circulated under his name from its first printed edition in 1515. For a long time, Jacobus remained a wandering scholar, lecturing on both laws at Padua, Siena, Perugia, and Naples. Finally, he settled in his hometown in 1321. He died in 1335.

TEXTS: 1. De excommunicatione, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus illustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum XIV (Venice 1584), fol. 387-88.

LITERATURE: M. Bellomo, 'Giuristi e inquisitori del trecento. Ricerca su testi di Iacopo Belvisi, Taddeo Pepoli, Riccardo Malombra e Giovanni Calderini', Per Francesco Calasso:  Studi degli allievi (Rome 1978) 13-30. S. Caprioli, 'Belvisi Giacomo', DBI 8 (1966) 91-92. Ennio Cortese, 'Review of D. Maffei (1979)', Studi medievali 22 (1981) 246-59. Charles Lefebvre, 'Gui de Belvisio', DDC 5 (1953) 1008. Schulte, QL II 233. D. Maffei, Giuristi medievali e falsificazioni editoriali del primo cinquecento. Iacopo di Belviso in Provenza? (Frankfurt/M. 1979). J.Weygantt, H.Wagnon, 'Jacques ou Jacobus de Belvisio', DDC 6 (1957) 79-80.
 
 
Jacobus Fontanus Brugensis (fl. 1530)  professor of  law in Paris; wrote additiones to the Extravagantes of John XXII and glosses (additiones?) to the Sext and Clementines.   Also wrote a vivid history of the siege of Rhodes.  (Thanks to H.A. Kelly for information about Jacobus)

Texts:

1. Epistola elegantissima missa e Rhodo post devictam a crudelissimo Christianorum hoste Turcha insulam (Tübingen 1523)

2. De bello Rhodio libri tres (Rome 1524, Haguenau 1527), translated into Italian by M.F. Sansovino, Della guerra di Rhodi libri III (Vinegia 1545), translated into German by Ottmar Luscinius (Othmaren Nachtgall) Von iungster belegerung und eroberung der Statt Rhodis durch den Türcken im jar unseres hails M.D.XXII. (Augsburg 1528)

3. Justiniani Principis Codex (Rome 1524, Lyon 1528)

4. Liber Sextus decretalium, Aegidii Perrini <et> Jacobi Fontani cura illustratus (Lyon 1531, Lyon 1549, Lyon 1554, Lyon 1559, Paris 1561)

5. Clementinae Constitutiones cum summarijs: literalibus casibus optimis notabilibus, glossis ordinarijs: ... Jn quibus  .  .  . Jacobus Fontanus addidit et alia permulta omnimodo necessaria, collecta ex commentarijs Joannis de Imola. Petri de Ancharano,  Zabarellae, Andreae Barbatiae, domini Panormitani, Breuiario doctoris Uankel

5. Extravagantes Johannis XXII, sedulo recognitae et ab Iacobo Fontano Brugensi, explicatores redditae (Lyon 1528 [remonta est nunc historia que in priori impressione falso Joannis xxij. vita inscribebatur], Lyon 1531, Lyon 1556, Merlin [Lutetiae Parisiorum] 1561)

LITERATURE: Agostino Fontana, Amphitheatrum legale (Parma 1688; reprinted Torino 1961) Part 6 (vol. 2, part 2, col. 93).  Schulte, QL 2.63
 

Jacobus de Caviceo (1443-1511), more commonly know as an author of Romance (Le pelerin), was, according to P. Michaud-Quantin, also the author of a manual on confession, which was first publlished, during his lifetime and under his name, at Parma in 1509.

TEXTS: Manuale confessorum, Early Printed Editions: Parma 1509; Venice 1529 and 1586.

LITERATURE: Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de crasuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 77.
 
 
 
 

Jacobus Cionis Illerdensis (Jaume Sitjó) was bishop of Lérida (1341-48) and Tortosa (1348-51). He also taught canon law and left an important commentary on the fourth book of the Gregorian Decretals.

TEXT: Lectura super quarto libro decretalium (X 4), MANUSCRIPT: Seo de Urgel, Bibl. del Cab. (Seu d’Urgell, Arxiu Capitular) 2874, fol. 1r-198va.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'Notes sobre le canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 162.  B. Marquès, ‘El Ms. 2874 de l’Arxiu Capitular de la Seu d’Urgell e el seu autor Jaume Sitjó’, Urgellia 1 (1978) 367-400; Peter Linehan, ‘Consuetudies ecclesie Anglicane: Arxiu Capitular de la Seu de la d’Urgell Ms. 2874', REDC 53 (1996) 9-14.
 
   
 

Jacobus Passavante, a Florentine Dominican (d. 1357), composed a popular treatise on penance. It circulated in an Italian version, although it remains unclear if Passavanti had first drafted it in Latin.

TEXT: Lo specchio della vera penitenza, Early Printed Editions: Florence 1495 (Hain 12435); F. Polidori (Florence 1863); M. Lenardon (Florence 1925).

LITERATURE: H. Aurigemma, 'La fortuna critica dello "Specchio della vera penitenza" di Jacopo Passavanti', Studi in onore di A. Monteverdi I (Modena 1959) 48-75. T. Kaeppeli, 'Opere latine attribuite a Jacopo Passavanti', AFP 32 (1962) 145-63; idem, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (Rome 1975) 232-34. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 66-67. Schulte, QL II 430.
 
 
 
 

Jacobus Radewitz (Rodewicz) from Jena (Thuringia), taught canon law at Erfurt (1405-11) and Leipzig (1412), before he went to Padua to obtain the doctorate under Franciscus Zabarella. After his return he was ordinarius in Leipzig until ca. 1431. He died in 1436.

TEXTS: Lectura in Decretales (on X 4), MANUSCRIPT: Gdansk, Munic. Lib. Mar. F. 235.

LITERATURE: J. John, 'The university career of Bishop Stephen Bodeker (1384-1459) of Brandenburg with the text of his repetition on the judge and his conscience', Studium generale: Studies offered to Astrik L. Gabriel, ed. L. Domonkos - R. Schneider (Notre Dame, Ind. 1967) 139-40. Schulte, QL II 376.
 
 
 
 

Jacobus Canonicus S.Johannis in Monte, taught canon law at Bologna and died in 1308.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 173. T. Diplovatatius, SG 10 (1968).
 
   
 

Jacobus de Thermis (Theramo) (d. 1321). a Cistercian monk, abbot of Charlieu and then Pontigny. Attended the Council of Vienne.

TEXTS: 1. Contra impugnatores libertatum exemptionum et priuilegiatorum, MANUSCRIPT: Würzburg, Univ,bibl. Mp. th. q.35.

2. Defensorium juris

3. Ordo iudiciarius "Belial":  MANUSCRIPTS:  Wernigerode, Gräfl.Stollberg.B, Za. 54 1-59 , Zwiefalten, Stiftsbo, 37 [Serapeum 1859, p. 147],  Zwiefalten, StiftsB, 74 [Serapeum 1859, p. 147]

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 378.
 
 
 

Jacobus de Tonerra

TEXTS: Quaestiones super IV. et V. libros decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 17531.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 378.
 
 
 

Jacobus de Zocchis (see Giacomo Zocchi)
 
 
Jacobus de Vienna, perhaps a Dominican, was the author of a penitential work (15th c.?).

TEXT: Tractatus de confessionibus audiendis, MANUSCRIPT: Wroclaw, Univ. I.Q.97, fol. 175-80v (incomplete).

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (Rome 1975) 348.
 
 
 

Jacopo Tolomei

TEXTS:

LITERATURE: P. Medioli Masotti, 'Per la biografia di Jacopo Tolomei', Italia medioevale e umanistica 19 (1976) 219-39.
 
 
 
 

Jacques Duese (see John XXII, Pope)
 
   

Jakob von Jüterbock (Jacobus de Clusa, de Paradiso); first a cistercian, then a carthusian ar Erfurt. J. wrote a treatise on contracts.

TEXTS: De contractibus (Hain 3342-44).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 447.
   
 

Jean Baconthorpe

TEXTS: Quaestiones, EDITION: partly ed. by E. Borchert, Die Quaestiones speculativae et canonicae des Johannes Baconthorp über den sakramentalen Charakter [Johannes Baco, In quattuor libros sententiarum - Teilausgabe] (Veröffentlichungen de Grabmann-Instituts, Neue Folge 19: Munich 1974).

LITERATURE: Nilo di S.Brocardo O.C.D. 'Il profilo storico di Giovanni Baconthorp', Ephemerides Carmeliticae 2 (1948) 431-543. B.Smalley, 'John Baconthorpe's Postille on St. Matthew', Medieval and Renaissance Studies 4 (1958) 91-145. T. Turley, 'John Baconthorpe on papal infallibility', Journal of ecumenical studies 19 (1982) 744-58; idem, 'Tradition, papal power and John Baconthorpe', BMCL 12 (1982) 81-89. W.Ullmann, 'John Baconthorpe as a canonist', Church and government in the Middle Ages: essays presented to C.R.Cheney, ed. C.N.L. Borrke et al. (Cambridge 1976) 223-46. B.Xiberta, De scriptoribus scholasticis saeculi XIV ex ordine Carmalitarum (Louvain 1931) 167-240; idem, 'De magistro Johannes Baconthorp O. Carm.', Analecta ordinis Carmalitarum 6 (1927-29) 3-128, 516-25.
 
   

Jean de Bourbon

TEXTS:

1. de materia irregularitatis, MANUSCRIPTS: Greifswald, St. Nicholas 18c.1

2. Commentaria super sexto, MANUSCRIPTS: Reims, Bibl. municip. 736.

LITERATURE: Paul Fournier, 'Jean de Bourbon, canoniste', HLF 36 (1927) 591-95. A. Lambert, 'Bourbon (Jean de)', DDC 2 (1937) 972. Schulte, QL II 241.

 

Jean Chappuis

 

Jean Dumoulin wrote Additiones to the Extravagantes Johannis XXII and the Extravagantes communes, as they had been included in the edition of the entire Corpus iuris canonici by Jean Chappuis (Paris 1503). Dumoulin's additional comments were published in another print of the Corpus which appeared in 1559.

TEXT: Additiones, Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1559.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 63.
 

 
Jean Gerson (1363-1429), one of the most prominent theologians of his age, succeeded Pierre d'Ailly as professor of theology and chancellor of the University of Paris. Jean proposed solutions to the enduring schism in the Roman Church in numerous treatises and took part in the Council of Constance ending the conflict. His involvement in the conciliar movement made it appear dangerous to him to return to Paris in 1419, so that he spent the final years of his life at Lyons. He was also the author of several highly successful confessional works which he combined in an Opus tripartita, as well as other pamphlets on canonical matters.

LITERATURE: B. Bertagna, 'Il problema della "Plenitudo ecclesiastice potestatis" nella dottrina ecclesiologica di Giovanni Gersone (1363-1429)', Apollinaris 43 (1970) 555-612. P. Glorieux (ed.), 'Introduction générale', Jean Gerson. Oeuvres completes I (Paris 1960). P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 80-83. Schulte, QL II 382-83.
 
   

Jean le Lecteur (see Johannes von Freiburg)
 
Jean Lemoine (see Johannes Monachus)
 
 
   

Jean de Semur (Johannes de Sinemuro) (d.1349) Began studying law in Paris in 1320 and was teaching there in 1328. Bore the title of 'magister' from 1329. Became a papal chaplain at Avignon in 1335.In 1339 he gained a prebend from the Church of Notre Dame in Paris and held the ofice of auditor causarum palatii apostolici. Also served the French King in the Parlement of Paris.

TEXTS: 1. Concordantiae excerptae de Decretalibus et Decretis, MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 16903.

LITERATURE: Paul Fournier, 'Jean de Semur, Canoniste', HLF 36 (1924) 473-80.
 
   
 

Jean da Sierck bishop of Utrecht (1291-96) bp. of Toul (1296-1305). Wrote a commentary on the Liber Sextus which is now lost.

TEXTS: 1. Commentaria ad Librum Sextum ?

LITERATURE: Charles McCurry, 'Jean da Sierck and a lost Commentary on the Liber Sextus', BMCL 3 (1973) 142-144.
 
   
 

Jesselin de Cassagnes (Genzelinus de Cassanis, Genselinus de Casanis ultramontanus, Zenzelinus) (born before 1300 probably in the south of France; d.1334/35) J. was teaching law at Montpellier by 1317. In 1323 he moved to Avignon where he became chaplain of Cardinal Arnaud de Via to whom he dedicated his three commentaries. In a document of 1323 he is mentioned as papal chaplain. From 1325 to 1335 Jesselin was involved in the workings of the curia as an executor of papal letters. He received many benefices and he was also named a member of the Rota; this appointment took effect by 1326. He didn't advance any more in his career, probably because of his old age and his poor health and not - as somebody has pointed out - because of the controversies arisen on Jesselin's thesis on the papacy.

TEXTS: 1. Apparatus ad librum sextum, MANUSCRIPT: Halle, Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Ye 37 2o.

2. Commentaria super Clementinis, MANUSCRIPT: Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale 7520-21; Copenhagen, Kongelige Bibl. Gl. kgl. saml. 198, 2o, fol. 1r-35r; Hereford, Cathed. Libr. O.viii.5, fol. 213r-263v; Naples, Bib. Naz. xii.A.7, fol. 158r-208r; New York, Pierpont Morgan Libr. 901, fol. 1r-12r; Oxford, Corpus Christi Coll. Libr. 70, fol. 1r-35v (defective); Oxford, Exeter Coll. Libr. 17, fol. 62r-106v; Oxford, New Coll. Libr. 180 (begins after 38r after the apparatus of Guillelmus de Monte Lauduno, ends 130v); Paris, B.N. lat. 14331, fol. 116r-144r; Reims, Bibl. Munic. 743, fol. 69r-122r; Salisbury, Cathed. Libr. 31, fol. 51r-84r; Salisbury, Cathed. Libr. 31, fol. 51r-84r; Vatican City, Vat. Ross. 565, fol. 125r-173r.

3. Commentaria super Extravagantibus Johannis XXII, MANUSCRIPT: Amiens, Bibl. Munic. 376; Berlin (East), Staatsbibl. Hamilton 181, fol. 66r-110v; Deene Park (Corby, Northamptonshire, England), Library of G.L.T. Brudenell, xviii.a.2 (XXC.7), fol. 119v-131r; Copenhagen, Kongelige Bibl. Gl. kgl. saml. 198, 2o, fol. 1r-46v; Naples, Bib. Naz. xii.A.7, fol. 118r-156r; Oxford, Bodleian Libr. lat. misc. b.20/1-2, 119-131r; Paris, B.N. lat. 14331, fol. 47r-78v; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1397, fol. 133r-171r; 6055, fol. 232r-289r.

4. Auctoritates veteris et novi testamenti prout in ordinem librorum Bibliae in libro decretorum sunt inductae tam expositae quam non expositae, MANUSCRIPT: Monte Cassino, Archivio dell'Abbazia, 353; Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. lat. 50.

LITERATURE: Paul Fournier, 'Jesselin de Cassagnes, canoniste', HLF 35 (Paris 1921) 348-61. R.Naz, 'Jesselin de Cassagnes', DDC 6 (1957) 130-31. Francicso Cantelar Rodriguez, 'Bernardo Raimundo y Gencelino de Cassanis', ZRG Kan. Abt. 117 (1981) 248-63. Schulte, QL II 199-200. Jacqueline Tarrant, 'The Life and Works of Jesselin de Cassagnes', BMCL 9 (1979) 37-64.
   
 
 

Job Vener, born at Strasbourg as the son of Reinbold Vener, ca. 1370, studied the arts at Paris and then law at Heidelberg, before he went to Bologna. There he received degrees in Roman law (1395) and canon law (1397). Upon his return to Heidelberg, he may have taught for a while, but his main professional concerns were those of a royal official, once King Ruprecht of the Palatinate had appointed him protonotary, councillor, and judge, in 1400. Following the king on his military expeditions to Italy, Job still found the opportunity to obtain the doctorate utriusque iuris at Bologna (1402). As the leading representative of the Palatinate, he took part in many of the political events of the day, such as the royal elections of 1410/11 and the Council of Constance. Later, he wrote juridical pamphlets in support of Hraban, archbishop of Trier. Most of his other writings (ed. H. Heimpel [1982] 1169-1517) also reflect his involvement in day-to-day affairs. He died in 1447.

LITERATURE: G. Dolezalek, 'Review of H. Heimpel (1982)', Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen237 (1985) 58-68. H. Heimpel, Die Vener von Gmünd und Strassburg, 1162-1417 (Göttingen 1982).
   
 
 

Jofre (Gaufredus) de Biure was a canon at Tarragona. He wrote an apparatus to a series of conciliar decrees, which had been compiled by archbishop Juan de Aragón. They were later promulgated by the council held at Tarragona in 1330. Jofre's commentary appears to slightly older (1328?).

TEXT: Apparatus super constitutionibus, MANUSCRIPTS: Barcelona, Cat. Llibre de la Cadena, fol. 47 ff.; Escorial, MS d.ii.18, fol. 3-32; Seo de Urgel, Bibl. del Cab. 2065, fol. 248-265r.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiaticas de España 2 (Salamanca 1971) 190-91.
   
 
 

Johann von Breitenbach was born at Leipzig and studied law at Perugia. After receiving his doctorate in 1465, he returned to Germany. Since 1479, he was professor at Leipzig, a position he held until his death, around 1507.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitiones

A. in cap. Omnis utriusque sexus

Early Printed Edition: Leipzig 1493 (Hain 3774).

B. dfe statu monachorum et canonicorum

Early Printed Edition: Hain 3770.

C. in cap. Sententiam sanguinis (X 3.50.9)

D. in cap. Lator (X 5.12.9)

E. in cap. A nobis (X 3.30.24)

2. Additiones ad lecturam Johannis Andreae super arbore consanguinitatis et affinitatis

3. Consilia

4. Tractatus de successionibus ab intestato (?), Early Printed Edition: Hain 3770.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 336-37.
 
 
 
 

Johann von Capistrano, born in Apulia in 1385, studied the laws at Perugia, receiving the doctorate. He then joined the Franciscan order and became a preacher and ardent supporter of the papacy. He died in 1456.

TEXTS: 1. Speculum conscientie, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris I, fols.323 ff.

2. De canones penitentiali, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris XIV, fols.398 ff.

3. De excommunicatione, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris XIV, fols.388 ff.

4. De matrimonio, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris IX, fols.77 ff.

5. Tractatus de usuris et contractibus, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris IX (Venice 1583), fol. 91-113.

6. Repetitiones

A. in extravaganti Johannis XXII prima, de verborum signif., Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris VI.2 (Venice 1587), fol. 56-63.

B. in rubricam de penitentiis et remissionibus, in cap. Manifesta et Qui presbyterum eiusdem tit.(on X 5.38), Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris IV (Venice 1587), fol. 392-402.

C. Repetitio on X 3.1-4, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1588.

LITERATURE: F. Doelle, 'Johannes von Erfurt, ein Summist aus dem Franziskanerorden um die Wende des 13. Jahrhunderts', ZKG 31 (1910) 214-48. B. Kurtscheid, 'Die Tabula utriusque iuris des Johannes von Erfurt', Franziskanische Studien 3 (1914) 269-90. J. Sbaralea, Supplementum ad scriptores trium ordinum S. Francisci II (Rome 1921) 48-51, 390-91. Schulte, QL II 446-47.
 
 
 
 

Johann Chappuis edited the Corpus iuris canonici as it appeared in Paris in 1500-1503. The nost inportant achievement of his edition was the arrangement of what he first called the extravagantes communes. This compilation of papal decretals issued after 1298 has remained unaltered in the printed versions ever since and became part of the official Corpus iuris canonici (1580).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 62-65.
 
   
 

Johann Dieppurg (see Johann von Frankfurt)
 
 
   

Johann von Ebernhausen (d. 1479). A magister and doctor decretorum from Göttingen, studied under Angelus de Castro in Padua. From 1464-79, he was ordinarius of the law faculty in Leipzig and also Rector in 1465.

TEXTS: 1.Commentarius in Processum iudicii Johannis Urbachi, Early Printed Edition: Leipzig 1489 (Hain 2126); MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Kap. K.15.

2 Lectura in aliquot titulos decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Leipzig, Stadtbibl. 277 and 288.

3. Quaestio, MANUSCRIPT: Königsburg, Universitätsbibl. 89.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 302.
 
 
 

Johann (Dieppurg) von Frankfurt, a Dominican from Frankfurt, was professor and rector at Heidelberg in 1409.

TEXTS: 1. Tractatus de contractibus, MANUSCRIPT: Vienna, ÖNB lat. 4748, fol. 1-10.

2. Questio, MANUSCRIPT: Marburg, Universitätsbibl. C.5.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 437.
 
  
 

Johann Reutter was rector (1387) and later dean and doctor in iure canonico at the law faculty in Vienna (1404).

TEXTS: 1. Tractatus super questiones de contractibus, MANUSCRIPTS: Vienna, ÖNB lat. 3601, fols.166-72; lat. 4164, fols.271-73.

2. Decisio de cura animarum deleganda, MANUSCRIPTS: Vienna, ÖNB lat. 4444, fol. 231-32.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 437.
   
 

Johann Spull was rector in Cologne in 1430.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura in librum IV. decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Greifswald, Universitätsbibl.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 391-92.
 
 
 

Johann Koelner de Vanckel was a doctor of both laws and professor of canon law at Cologne in the late fifteenth century.

TEXTS: 1. Summarium textuale et conclusiones

A. super Sexto

B. super Clementinis

C. Extravagantium Johannis XXII, Early Printed Editions: Cologne 1483, 1488, 1493, 1494, 1495 (Hain 9786-90); Paris 1509.

2. Notata super usibus feudorum, Early Printed Edition: Hain 9789.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 384, also see entry fro Jacobus Fantanus.
  
 
 

Johannes Abbas Nivicellensis (XV century) appears as doctor decretorum in his Concordantiae.

TEXTS: Concordantiae bibliorum et canonum, Early Printed Editions: Cologne 1482; Venice 1483; Bonn 1486; Basel 1486, 1487, 1489 (Hain 9412-17).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 379.
   
 

Johannes Alamannus (see Johannes de Erfurt)
 
   

Johannes de Alfordia

TEXTS: Additiones Clementinarum, MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 16894.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 379.
 
   
 

Johannes de Anania (see Giovanni d'Anania)
   
 
 

Johannes Andreae (occasionally Bononiensis), born c.1270, was the most renowned and successful canonist of the later Middle Ages, referred to by contemporaries as iuris canonici fons et tuba. Johannes studied law in Bologna: Roman law under Martinus Sillimanus and Riccardus Malumbra; canon law under Egidius Fuscarariis and Guido de Baysio. J. taught canon law at Bologna from 1301/02 until his death in 1348, save for 1307-09 and 1319, when he was teaching in Padua. J. was the author of the Bolognese University-statutes of 1317. Johannes Calderinus was his student and later his adoptive son. Paulus de Liazariis and Johannes de Sancto Georgio were his students, and Johannes counted Cino da Pistoia and Petrarch among his friends. J. remained a layman, was married and had children. His productivity in canon law was enormous. Most important among his works were extensive commentaries on all of the official decretal collections, which he revised several times. J. had a keen interest in the history of his discipline, and often noted the contributions of earlier and even some contemporary jurists in his various writings. J. died in Bologna in the plague of 1348.

TEXTS: 1. Apparatus glossarum in Decretales, Early printed editions: Book II only: Cologne [no date] Hain 1066; Book II and IV only: Cologne [no date] Hain 1067; Book IV only, given the title Tractatibus seu summula de sponsalibus et matrimoniis: Strasbourg [no date]; and others: Hain 1068-1077)

2. Apparatus glossarum in Sextum (became the Glossa Ordinaria), MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. munic. 389, fol. 1r-103r; Berlin (West), Preussischer Kulturbesitz lat. fol. 9, fol. 1r-120r; Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 279, fol. 105r-160r; 280, (item 3); Douai, Bibl. munic. 609, fol. 617, fol. 3r-149r; Florence, Bibl. Medicea Laur. Edili 87, fol. 226r-273v; Graz, Universitätsbibl. 41, fol. 1r-98v; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 980, fol. 1r-57r; Lillienfeld, Stiftsbibl. 225, fol. 1r-100r; London, Brit. Libr. Burney 354, fol. 69r-188r; Lucca, Bibl. Capit. Felin. 145, fol. 1r-101v; New Haven, Yale Univ. Marston 155, fol. 1r-95v (defective); Olomouc, Státni Oblastní Archiv Opava C.O.268, fol. 51r-133r; Oxford, New College 202, fol. 1r-63v; Paris, B.N. lat. 16902, fol. 1r-70v; Reims, Bibl. munic. 728, fol. 27r-93r; Trier, Stadtbibl. 880, fol. 1-118; 1986, fol. 165-302; Vatican City, Archivo S. Pietro A.38, fol. 1r-131v; Vat. lat. 2504, fol. 1r-129r; Vat. lat. 5929, fol. 1r-98v; Vat. lat. 6055, fol. 1r-149v; Vat. lat. 8121, fol. 2r-239v (defective).

Some manuscripts combine Johannes Andreae's gloss with that of Guido de Baysio and/or Johannes Monachus and/or parts of Dinus de Mugello's Tractatus de regulis iuris (Vat. lat. 1392 [Johannes]; Norwich, Cathed. 4 [Johannes and Dinus]; Oxford, Bodl. Libr. lat. misc. b.16 [Johannes, Guido, and Dinus]).

3. Apparatus glossarum in Clementinas (became the Glossa Ordinaria) (written c.1322), MANUSCRIPTS: Admont 8, fol. 1r-57v; Amiens, Bibl. Munic. 371, fol. 1r-66r; Angers, Bibl. Munic. 389, fol. 103r-136v; 391, fol. 123r-178v; 392, fol. 1r-102v; Arras, Bibl. Munic. 570 (457), fol. 1r-32v [fragmentary]; 584 (484) fol. 2r-46r; 588 (504), fol. 1r-39v; 808 (482), fol. 1r-132r; Aschaffenburg, Staatsbibl. Perg. 14, fol. 2r-32r; Autun, Bibl. Munic. 89 (109), fol. 1r-46v; Barcelona, Archivo de la Corona de Aragón, Ripoll 8; Ripoll 9, fol. 1r-46r; Beaune, Bibl. Munic. 3, fol. 1r-26r; Berlin (East), Deutsche Staatsbibl. Hamilton 181, fol. 1r-65v; Berlin (West), Pruss. Kulturbes. lat. fol. 9, fol. 121r-176r; Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 279, fol. 105r-160r; Boulogne-sur-Mer, Bibl. Munic. 122, fol. 2v-125v [fragmentary, breaks off with 3.17]; Bourges, Bibl. Munic. 191, fol. 1-58v; Braunschweig, Stadtbibl. 21, fol. 3r-140r; 39, fol. 73r-172v [incomplete at end]; Brussels, Bibl. Royale Albert I 686-88, fol. 1r-170r; 942-44, fol. 13r-165v; 1085, fol. 1r-162v; 1682, fol. 2r-98v; 5471-72, fol. 1r-105r; 5559, fol. 1r-66v; 7492, 1r-41r; 18968, 1r-55v; 20903, fol. 1r-66r; Bryn Mawr Coll. 7, fol. 1r-59v; Cambridge, Gonville and Caius Coll. 269 (=502), fol. 1r-50v; Cortona, Bibl. commun. 77, fol. 1r-68r; Douai, Bibl. Munic. 617, fol. 175r-234r; 622, fol. 1-45v; 623, fol. 1r-77v; Erfurt, Wissenschaftliche Allgemeinbibl. CA 2o 211, fol. 1r-110r; Florence, Bibl. Medicea Laur. Edili 90, fol. 1r-61r; Edili 91, fol. 1r-62r; Florence, Bibl. Medicea Laur. Plut. I. Sin. Cod. 3, fol. 1r-51v; Frankfurt am Main, Stadt- und Universitätsbibl. Barth. 13, fol. 65r-122r; Barth. 19, fol. 1r-41v; Barth. 26, fol. 1r-62v; Copenhagen, Kongelige Bibl. Gl. kgl. saml. 198, 2o, fol. 1r-58r; Fulda, Hessische Landesbibl. D.15, fol. 1r-39r; D.16, fol. 1r-54v; D.17; Gdask, Bibl. Gdaska Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Mar. F.44, fol. 110r-160v; Mar. F.46, fol. 1r-46v; 1863, fol. 1r-46v; Gerona, Bibl. del Seminario 162, fol. 1r-58v; Gravenhage, Kononklijke Bibl. 75 A.17, fol. 1r-50r; Graz, Universitätsbibl. 25, fol. 1r-58r; 41, fol. 103r-158r; 70, fol. 1r-110r; Grenoble, Bibl. Munic. 37 (488), fol. 1r-68v; 46 Réserve (489), fol. 4-82; Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsbibl. 160, fol. 144v-188v; Hereford, Cathed. O.iv.2, fol. 1r-83r; O.viii.5, fol. 91r-132r; P.vi.7, fol. 1r-59v; Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibl. Reichenau parch. I, fol. 1r-58r; Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibl. 1046, fol. 1-192; Kraków, Bibl. Jagielloska 352, fol. 1r-53v; Kues, Sankt Nikolaus Hosp. Cusanusstiftsbibl. 249, fol. 145r-220v; 253, fol. 34r-90v; Laon, Bibl. Munic. 270, fol. 1r-63v; 382, fol. 1r-56v; Leiden, Bibl. der Reijksuniversiteit D'Ablaing 14, fol. 1r-71r; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 972, fol. 84r-140v; León, Bibl. de la Collegiata de San Isidore 26, fol. 1r-68v; Lillienfeld, Stiftsbibl. 225, fol. 102r-159r; London, Brit. Libr. Arundel 111, fol. 1r-19r; Arundel 481, fol. 3r-59r; Burney 354, fol. 6r-58r; Harley 3746, fol. 3r-76v; Harley, 3751, fol. 1r-49v; Royal 11.c.xi, fol. 1r-108r; London, Lambeth Palace 46, fol. 1v-127r; Lons-le-Saunier 24, fol. 32r-104; Lucca, Bibl. Capit. Felin. 145, fol. 103r-158r; 236, fol. 1r-57r; 237, fol. 1r-60v; 284, fol. 73r-263v; 2697, fol. 1r-58r; Lucerne, Zentralbibl. KB P3, fol. 99r-113v; Madrid, Bibl. Nac. 1146, fol. 1r-79r; 18004, fol. 1r-112v; Melk, Stiftsbibl. 1879 (151), fol. 3r-58v; Metz, Bibl. Munic. 63; Modena, Bibl. Estense a.X.1.1 (=Lat. 995); Munich, Clm 3872, fol. 25r-80v; Clm 3877, fol. 3r-60r; Clm 6347, fol. 1r-50r; Clm 6566, fol. 122r-190r; Clm 7469, fol. 1r-77v; 19508, fol. 33r-145v; Munich, Universitätsbibl. 2o 253, fol. 1r-172v; 2o 290, fol. 25r-58v; Naples, Bib. Naz. XII.A.3, fol. 1r-57r; XII.A.4, fol. 1r-58r; XII.A.7, fol. 69r-116r; XII.A.8, fol. 1r-39v; New Haven, Yale Univ. Beinecke Libr. J C28 no.1 (18), fol. 1r-52v; New York, Columbia Univ. Smith Western 18, fol. 1r-85v; J C28 no.2 (33), fol. 2r-39r; New York, Pierpont Morgan Libr. 902, fol. 3r-55r; Novacella (Neustift) Convento dei Canonici Reg. 99, fol. 1-32r; Nuremburg, Stadtbibl. Cent. I, 21; Cent. I, 22; Cent. I, 23; Cent. II, 60; Olomouc, Státni Oblastni Archiv Opava C.O.193, fol. 2r-57v; C.O.272, fol. 139r-211v; Orléans, Bibl. Munic. 228, pp. 7-54; Oxford, Bodleian Libr. Bodl. 247, fol. 63r-146r; lat. misc. b.20/1-2, fol. 133r-231r; Rawlinson A.24, fol. 1r-62r; Oxford, Corpus Christi Coll. 70, fol. 36r-82v; Oxford, Exeter Coll. 17, fol. 107r-170v; Oxford, New College, 180, fol. 3r-34v; 181, fol. 1r-44r; 183, fol. 2r-179r; 202, fol. 64r-77v; 341, fol. 38r-156r; Padua, Bibl. Capit. A.3, fol. 1r-57r; A.25, fol. 1r-72r; Paris, B.N. lat. 4055, fol. 132r-182r; lat. 4096, fol. 46v-; lat. 4097, fol. 1r-58r; lat. 4098, fol. 2r-57r; lat. 4099, fol. 3r-50v; lat. 4100, fol. 17r-63v; lat. 4101, fol. 1r-58r; lat. 4102, Part 1, fol. 1r-51r; lat. 4103, fol. 1r-49v; lat. 4104, fol. 1r-68v; lat. 4104a, fol. 6r-62v; lat. 4136, Part 2, 46 folios; lat. 14329, fol. 115r-171v; lat. 14331, fol. 1r-44v; lat. 15413, fol. 1r-56r; lat. 16902, fol. 115r-164v; Philadelphia, Free Libr. Lewis European 65, fol. 1r-196v; Philadelphia, U.Penn. lat. 113, fol. 1r-46v; Pistoia, Bibl. Forteguer. A 40, fol. 21-66; Poitiers, Bibl. Munic. 124, fol. 1r-56v; Prague, Metrop. Kap. I 9/1, fol. 1-48v; I 9/2, fol. 1r-60v; I 9/3, fol. 1r-60v; I 33, fol. 1r-55v; Prague, Univ. knihovna III.C.18, fol. 1r-98v; XXIII.B.5, fol. 1r-89v; Reims, Bibl. Munic. 727, fol. 146r-218v; 728, fol. 115r-168v; 729, fol. 124r-181r; 739, fol. 1r-63v; 740, fol. 1r-43v; 741, fol. Cv-52v; 742; 743, fol. 1r-68v; Saint-Claude, Bibl. Munic. 11, pp. 1-101; Saint-Omer, Bibl. munic. 458, fol. 209r-245r; Salisbury, Cathed. Libr. 31, fol. 105r-141r; Sankt Florian, Stiftsbibl. iii.4, fol. 1r-52r; xi.718, fol. 1v-142v; Schlägl, Stiftsbibl. 141, fol. Av-86v; Sienna, Bibl. Commun. G.iii.15, fol. 1r-137r; H.iii.2, fol. 1r-44v [incomplete: missing 1.6.3 to 3.72 and 3.13.2 to 5.3.2]

H.iii.3, fol. 21r-74r; H.iii.4, fol. 1r-55v; K.i.4, fol. 1r-53v; Toledo, Bibl. de la Cated. 4-17, fol. 5r-76r; 4-18, fol. 2r-58v; 4-19, fol. 1r-45r; Turin, Bibl. Naz. i.i.16, fol. 1r-41v; Trapani, Bibl. Fardel. 19, fol. 1r-260v; Trier, Stadtbibl. 836, fol. 1-48; 880, fol. 120-60; Uppsala, Universitätsbibl. C.538; C.539; Valenciennes, Bibl. munic. 270, fol. 1r-44v; Vatican City, Arch. San Pietro A.38, fol. 133r-197r; Vat. Barb. lat. 1494, fol. 1r-45v; Vat. Chigi E.viii.242, fol. 1r-56r; Vat. Ross. lat. 565, fol. 65r-124v; Vat. Ross. lat. 590, fol. 1-52v; 591, fol. 1r-67v; Vat. lat. 1397, fol. 1r-68r; Vat. lat. 1398, fol. 1r-54v; Vat. lat. 1399, fol. 1r-47r; Vat. lat. 1400, fol. 5r-60r; Vat. lat. 1401, fol. 1r-60r; Vat. lat. 1402, fol. 1r-57r; Vat. lat. 1403, fol. 1r-56r; Vat. lat. 2500, fol. 123r-178r; Vat. lat. 2504, fol. 129v-178r; Vat. lat. 2505, fol. 1r-64r; Vat. lat. 2507, fol. 1r-60v; Vat. lat. 2508, fol. 1r-54v; Vat. lat. 5929, fol. 100r-153r; Vat. lat. 6055, fol. 151r-223v; Vat. lat. 8121, fol. 241r-365v; Vat. lat. 13264, fol. 3r-56v; Vat. lat. 13266, fol. 1r-38r; Vat. lat. 13267, fol. 1r-58v; Vendôme, Bibl. munic. 87, fol. 56r-103v; Venice, Bib. Naz. Marciana lat. Z.186 (1603), fol. 2r-58r; lat. Z.187 (1604), fol. 2r-58v; lat. iv.15 (2299), fol. 1r-59r; lat. iv.16 (2645), fol. 1r-43r; lat. iv.17 (2118), fol. 2r-52r; lat. iv.18 (2646), fol. 3r-70r; Vercelli, Bibl. Capit. IX, fol. 1r-58v; Vich, Museo Episc. (shelfmark unknown), fol. 1r-55v; Vysí Brod, Stiftsbibl. cxlvii, fol. 1r-57v; Warsaw, Bib. Universytecka 4, fol. 1r-51v; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2045, fol. 1r-56r; 2047, fol. 91r-147v; 2059, fol. 1r-50r; 2063, fol. 1r-57r; 2064, fol. 3r-60r; 2068, fol. 1r-56r; 2091, fol. 1r-56r; 2092, fol. 1r-56r; 4960, fol. 237r-260v; 5046, fol. 1r-118v; 5405, fol. 1r-169r; 5472, fol. 1r-157v; Wolfenbüttel, Herzog-August-Bibl. Aug. 2o82.10, fol. 1r-87v; Worcester, Chapter Libr. F.168, fol. 1r-80v; Zeitz, Domherren-Bibl. 17, fol. 1r-149v.

4. Novella in Decretales, MANUSCRIPTS 1st recension: Munich, Clm 6351; Book II only: Berlin, Deutsche Staatsbibl. 683, fol. 1r-41v; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2114, fol. 1r-52r(this is a different version of the work); 2nd recension: Munich, Clm 14026; Clm 15703; London, Sion College, Arc. L. 40. 2/L.31; Durham, Cathed. C.ii.9; Book IV only Nürnberg, Stadtbibl. Cent.II 60, fol. 44r-70r; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2114, fol. 53r-72r; Novella: Munich, Clm 18049; Paris B.N. lat. 14326. Early Printed Editions: Venice 1489 [5 volumes] Hain 1065). Discussion: This title covers a number of revisions of a commentary on the Decretals of Gregory IX which culminated in the Novella. The first recension was a series of additiones on the Decretales written before the publication of the Clementines (1317). The second recension was an expansion on the first. A third recension, or perhaps simply a mixture of I and II seems also to have circulated before the work reached its final form by 1338. Repetitiones which had been written apart from this work were integrated into it and revised with the rest of the commentary (See Pennington, 'Johannes Andreae's Additiones')

5. Novelle in Sextum, Early printed editions: Pavia 1484; Venice 1491; Venice 1499 Hain 1078-80); MANUSCRIPTS: Venice, Bib. Naz. Marciana lat. IV.45 (2124), fol. 1r-248v.

6. Additiones sive apostille ad apparatum glossarum in Sextum

7. Additiones sive apostillae ad apparatum glossarum in Clemenentinas, MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Arch. San Pietro A.38 ?; London, Brit. Libr. Harley 3746, fol. 77r-85r).

8. Additiones ad Speculum iudiciale (Early printed edition: Strasbourg [no date] Hain 1083)

9. Lectura super Arboribus consanguinitatis at affinitas, Early printed editions: (35 by 1500) Hain 1018-1053) MANUSCRIPTS: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 976, fol. 101r-102r; Orleans, Bibl. munic. 228, pp. 392-95; Paris, B.N. lat. 4104A, fol. 1r-2v; Toledo, Bibl. de la Cated. 4-17, fol. 1r-2v; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2045, fol. 57v-58r; lat. 2064, fol. 60v-61v; Zeitz, Domherren-Bibl. 17, fol. 150r-156r.

10. Declaratio arboris consanguinitatis, MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin (West), Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz, lat. fol. 9, fol. 178r-180r; Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 279, fol. 103r-104r; Graz, Universitätsbibl. 41, fol. 100v-102r; Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsbibl. 160, fol. 192v-; Munich, Clm 6566, fol. 104r-; Munich, Universitätsbibl. 2o 290, fol. 23v-24r; Orleans, Bibl. munic. 228, pp. 377-84.

11. Declaratio arboris affinitatis MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin (West), Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz lat. fol. 9, fol. 180r-v; Bologna Coll. di Spagna 279, fol. 104r-v; Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsbibl. 160, fol. -197r; Munich, Clm 6566, fol. -121r; Munich, Universitätsbibl. 2o 290, fol. A (incomplete); Orleans, Bibl. munic. 228, pp. 384-90.

12. Quaestiones mercuriales, MANUSCRIPTS: A. Early version: Cesena, Bibl. Maletest. S.II.3. B. Standard version: Erfurt, Wissenschaftl. Ampl. F. 171, fol. 394-405; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 358, fol. 64-71, 74-88; Olomouc, Universitní Knihovna I-333, fol. 352r-363v; Wroclaw (Breslau), Bibl. Uniwersitecka II.F.48; Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 29, fol. 159v. Early printed editions: Paris [no date]; Rome 1472; Strasbourg 1475 and eight others: Hain 1054-64). Discussion: This collection of quaestiones was first collected under various titles before the publication of the Clementines and perhaps even before the publication of the Liber Sextus (see Cesena, Bibl. Maletest. S.II.3). After the publication of the Clementines and after Johannes had produced his gloss upon them, he revised and added to the Quaestiones mercuriales, rearranging them according to the rules of law. All the manuscripts of the revised version have the single title, De regulis iuris.

13. Tractatus de regulis iuris (see #10. Quaestiones mercuriales)

14. Tractatus de renuntiatione beneficiorum

15. Tractatus de mutationibus beneficiorum

16. Tractatus de clericis habentibus privilegium clericale

17. Tractatus de consuetudine, MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6349.

18. Tractatus de emptione et venditione, MANUSCRIPT: Marburg c.5.

19. Tractatus de modo obseruandi interdictum, Early printed edition Magdeburg 1483 [Hain 1081].

20. Tractatus de testibus sive summula in materia testium, MANUSCRIPT: Berlin f.167 Bl.210.

21. Tractatus de celebratione missarum, MANUSCRIPT: Span. Coll. of Bologna, MS chart. 87

22. Tractatus de electione, MANUSCRIPT: Halle Ye l.79 I.St.; Vienna, ÖNB 2132

23. Tractatus de exceptionibus, MANUSCRIPTS: Mainz jur. 62

24. Tractatus de excommunicatione, MANUSCRIPTS: Trier, Stadtbibl. 1986, fol. 386v-388.

25. Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: Bologna, Collegio di Spagna 126, fol. 87r-89v (two quaestiones - see Trexler); Cesena, Bibl. Maletest. iurid. 3 PL II

26. See Mesini.6. Distinctiones

27. Casus breves et summarii ad Decretales et Sextum, Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1554; MANUSCRIPT: Wroclaw, Univ. II. Q.21.

28. Glosule ad commentarios Guidonis de Baisio super Sexto Decretalium

29. Ordo iudiciarius (Process iudicii) MANUSCRIPTS: Brussels, Bibl. Royale Albert. Ier 686, fol. 181r-184v; Zeitz, Domherren-Bibl. 17, fol. 206r-213v; Joannis Andreae summula de processu judicii:  Ex codice Basileensi C.V.19 in integrum restituit, ed. Agathon Wunderlich (Basel: 1840)

30. Hieronymianus (Early printed edition: Cologne 1482, Hain 1082) A life of St. Jerome with hagiographical material and hundreds of excerpts from Jerome's writings. 'Hieronymum iugiter allegamus, set modice ueneramur'. written by 1346.

LITERATURE: Martin Bertram, 'Mittelalterliche Gelehrtengräber in Bologna: Anmerkungen zu dem neuen Werk von Renzo Grandi', QF 65 (1985) 427-35 at 433-34; idem, 'Kanonistische Quästionensammlungen von Bartholomäus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 276-78. G. Constant, 'Andrea (Giovanni d')', Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie Ecclésiastique, 2 (1914) 1735-36. G. van Dievoet, 'Un manuscript peu connu du "processus judicii" attribué à Johannes Andreae', in RHD 27 (1949) 280-82. R. Elze, 'Stephanus Polonus und Johannes Andreae. Eine Bologneser Quaestion von 1270 und ihre Widergabe in der Novella in Sextum', SG (1967) 293-308 [reprinted in Päpste -Kaiser - Könige und die mittelalterlicke Herrschaftssymbolik pref. B. Schimmelpfenning and L. Schmugge (London: Variorum 1982) 295-308. P.Fedele, 'Francesco Petrarca e Giovanni d'Andrea', EIC 30 (1974) 201-25. Franz Gillmann, 'Zur Frage der Abfassungszeit der Novelle des Johannes Andreä zu den Dekretalen Gregors IX.', AKKR 104 (1924) 261-75. J. Kejr, 'Joannis Andreae Hieronymianum opus et son retentissement dans le pays tchèques', Studie o Rukopisech 12 (1973) 71-88. Stephan Kuttner, 'Introduction', to J. Andreae, In quinque decretalium libros Novella commentaria (Venice 1581) [repr. Turin 1963] vol.I V-XIV. (reprinted with additions as, 'Joannes Andreae and his Novella on the Decretals of Gregory IX', Jurist 24 (1964) 393-408; idem, 'The Apostillae of Johannes Andreae on the Clementines', Études d'histoire du droit canonique dédiées à Gabriel le Bras (Paris 1965) I 195-201; idem, 'Johannes Andrea on the style of dating papal documents', The Jurist 48 (1988) 448-53. C. Mesini, 'De clericorum doctoratu et professoratu in iure civili ex Joanne Andreae', Antonianum, 32 (1957) 109-46; idem, 'De Codice iuridico N. 3, Pl II, l. S Bibliothecae Malatestianae (Cesenae)', Antonianum 26 (1951) 271-94, 367-85. A. Palmieri, 'Un episodio della vita di Giovanni d'Andrea ed una vecchia questione di diritto', Atti e memorie della Regia Deputazione di storia patria per le provincie di Romagna 3 ser. 25 (1907) 1-15. Kenneth Pennington, 'Johannes Andreae's Additiones to the Decretals of Gregory IX.', ZRG Kan. Abt. 74 (1988) 328-47. Cyprian Rosen, 'Johannes Andreae', NCE 7 (1967) 994-95; idem, 'Notes on an earlier version of the "Questiones mercuriales",' BMCL 5 (1975) 103-114. G.Rossi, 'Contributi alla biografia del canonista Giovanni d'Andrea', Rivista trimestrale di diritto e procedura civile 11 (1957) 1451-1502; idem, 'Novella di Giovanni d'Andrea e i "consulti" di Milancia, sua madre', Bollettino del Consiglio dell'Ordine degli Avvocati e Procuratori di Bologna, Numero speciale (1957) 26-33. Schulte, QL II 205-29. A. Rota, 'Giovanni d'Andrea', Enciclopedia cattolica 6 (1951) 494-95. Lucia Sorrenti, Testimonianze di Giovanni d'Andrea sulle "quaestiones" civilistiche (Studi e ricerche dei 'Quaderni catanesi' 2, Catania 1980). S. Stelling-Michaud, 'Jean d'André', DDC 6 (1957) 89-92. R. Trexler, 'The bishop's portion', Traditio 28 (1972) 396-450.
 
  
 

Johannes Andreas (d. 1493), bishop of Aleria on Corsica, secretary of the papal library and close acquaintance of Nicholas of Cues.

TEXTS: 1. In quartam decretalium

2. De appellationibus

3. De usu feudorum.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 379.
 
   

Johannes Auditor

TEXTS: de obseruatione interdicti, MANUSCRIPT: Marburg, Universitätsbibl. MS C.5.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 379.
 
   

Johannes Berberius was from the Languedoc and taught law during the reign of Louis XI of France. He wrote a manual for practising lawyers, ca. 1478.

TEXTS: Viatorum utriusque iuris, Early Printed Editions: Cologne 1516; Lyon 1595.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 380.
 
 
Johannes Bertachinus, born in Fermo, studied in Padua under Johannes Franciscus Capilistius and Antonius de Rosellis. J. worked as a judge in Siena and Tolento, as an assessor in Florence (1470) and in Fano. Pope Sixtus IV made him a consistorial advocate. J. died in 1497.

TEXTS: 1. Repertorium, Early Printed Edition: Rome 1481, Nürnberg 1483; Milan 1485, 1486, 1499, 1500; Venice 1488, 1494 (Hain 2980-87); Venice 1518, 1519; Lyons 1521.

2. Tractatus de episcopo, Early Printed Editions: Milan 1511; Tractatus universi iuris XIII.2, fols.301 ff.

3. De gabellis tributis, et vectigalibus, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1489, 1498 (Hain 2988-89).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 349-50.
 
   

Johannes de Borbonio (see Jean de Bourbon)
 
 
Johannes Bromyard was a Dominican from the convent at Hereford (ca. 1326-1352). He wrote a manual on confession, Opus trivium, which included a considerable amount of canonistic material (ca. 1330), of which he later presented a revision, Summa predicantium (before 1348).

TEXT (only legal): 1. Opus trivium (Tractatus iuris civilis et canonici ad moralem materiam applicati secundum ordinem alphabeti), Early Printed Editions: Cologne, ca. 1473; Lyons 1500; Paris 1500

2. Summa predicantium, Early Printed Editions: Basel, ca. 1484; Nürnberg 1485 (Hain 3993-94); Nürnberg 1518, 1575; Paris 1518; Lyons 1522; Venice 1586; Antwerp 1614.

LITERATURE: L. Boyle, 'The date of the Summa praedicantium of John Bromyard', Speculum48 (1973) 533-37. T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (1975) 392-94. Schulte, QL II 380.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Cagnazzo de Tabia (Taggia), a Dominican teaching at the Bolognese convent of his order, composed a rather bulky penitential Summa (ca. 1515), which depended on the works of his predecessors Ange de Chiavasso and Barthelemy de Salis. Its impressive learnedness impeded any wider circulation.

TEXTS: 1. Summa Tabiensis, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1517; 1520; Venice 1580.

LITERATURE: J. Dietterle, 'Die "Summae confessorum (sive de casibus conscientiae)" von ihren Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 28 (1907) 401-12. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 104. G. Oesterlé, 'Jean Cagnazzo de Tabia', DDC 6 (1957) 97.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Baptista de Casalupis (Caccialupi) was born at San Severino, c. 1420. Although better known for his civilian works, he also lectured on canon law, when he was called to Rome by Pope Sixtus IV in 1483/84. J. had studied law at Perugia since 1441. Since 1452, he taught civil law at Siena and soon became the best paid lecturer there. After having transferred to Rome, he also was active as a consistorial advocate, residing in a palace at the vicolo Savelli (n.48), which bears his name inscribed above the front gate until today. He died at Rome in 1496.

TEXTS: 1. De pensionibus, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1531, 1539; Tractatus universi iurisXV.1, fol. 320va-331rb.

2. De unionibus ecclesiarum, Early Printed Edition: Rome 1531; Tractatus universi iuris XV.1, fol. 230-234va.

3. Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: There are two MSS containing texts written by Johannes while he was advocate at Rome and lecturing on the canon law: Lucca, Bibl. cap. Fel. 398, fol. 67-68vb, 192-96; San Severino, Bibl. comm. 181, fol. 134. For other consilia, see DBI 15 (1972) 795-96.

LITERATURE: G. D'Amelio, 'Caccialupi, Giovanni Battista', DBI 15 (1972) 790-97.
 
 
Johannes Calderinus (born at the beginning of the fourteenth century - d. 1365) He studied under Johannes Andreae, who became his stepfather. In 1326 he obtained the doctorate in canon law and began to teach in Bologna; he was a colleague of Jacobus Buttrigarius and Paulus de Liazariis. Among his students was Simon de Borsano. Johannes was married three times and had at least five children, including a son, Gaspare, who was also a significant canonist. Johannes took part actively in the civic life of Bologna and was very close to the 'Signoria' of Taddeo Pepoli as many others civilists and canonists of this period were. He received many honors from city, popes and princes. In 1360 and 1362, he took part in two missions for the city of Bologna to the popes Innocentius VI and Urbanus V. He died in 1365 of the plague. His legal writings, though lacking in the originality that distinguished the classical period of canon law scholarship, were acknowledged by his successors and had an important influence during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. An accurate list of Johannes works is yet to be determined: Calderinus was not an uncommon name and works of others bearing this name have yet to be disassociated from this canonist.

TEXTS: 1. Super Clementinas, MANUSCRIPTS: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. MS 1070, fols 123r-139v; Vatican City, Arch. S. Pietro A.29, fol. 2ra-18rb.

2. Additiones super Commentarium Clementinarum

3. Repertorium sive dictionarium utriusque iuris, Early Printed Edition: Basel 1474; MANUSCRIPTS: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 896; Munich, Clm 3626; Clm 3895; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2359-61; Vat. lat. 6354; Vat. lat. 11615; Vat. Barb. lat. 1488; Vat. Ross. lat. 1083.

4. Tabula auctoritatum et sententiarum bibliae cum concordantiis decretorum et decretalium, Early Printed Editions: Cologne 1470, 1477; Speyer 1481; Lübeck 1481; MANUSCRIPTS: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 273; Lucca, Bibl. Cap. 146; Paris, B.N. lat. 3923; lat. 4946-47; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2660; Vat. lat. 2706; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 5095; lat. 5121; lat. 5130.

5. Breviarium decretorum; MANUSCRIPT: Breslau, Univ. Bibl. II.F.37

6. Tractatus

A. de appellationibus, MANUSCRIPTS: Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2058; lat. 4127; Florence, Bibl. Naz., Magliab. XXIX.179, fols. 205a-207b;

B. de remissionibus, MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Metrop. Kap. J.50.

c) de interdicto ecclesiastico, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1472-1474, 1482; Pavia 1488, Venice 1496; Tractatus Universi Iuris 14 (Venice 1594) 325. MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. 650, 672, 828; Breslau, Bibl. Univ. II.26, 39, 64, 88; Leipzig, Bibl. Univer. 179;  München, Staatsbibl. Clm 3598, 3632, 5447, 6585; Toledo, Bibl. de la Cated. 4-18, fol. 59r-73v; Vienna, Öster. Nat. Bibl. 510.  Thanks to Giancarlo Negroni for providing bibliographical information.

D. de testibus

E. de irregularitate, MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N.F. lat. 15414.

F. de excommunicatione

G. de sepultura

H. de cohabitatione clericorum et mulierum

I. de ecclesiastico officio, MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 8785.

k) de modo arguendi in iure, MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 4167; Escorial, Bibl. Real C.II.8.

l) Tractatus de successione ab intestato (?); MANUSCRIPTS: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1054, fols. 227r-242r; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 5283, fols. 2r-21v.

7. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1472; Milan 1491, 1497; Venice 1497, 1572; Lyons 1536, 1550; MANUSCRIPTS: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 207; Escorial, Bibl. reale D.II.7; Florence, Bibl. Ricc. 812; London, Brit. Libr. Arundel 497; Munich, Clm 26912; Novara, Bibl. cap. 86; Ravenna, Bibl. Class. 450, 485; Torino, Bibl. naz. H.I.9, fol. 178; Vatican City, Vat. Vat. lat. 2651; Vat. lat. 10776; Venice, Bibl. Naz. Marc. lat. Cl.V.3, fol. 201; Wroclaw, Univ. II.F.53, II.F.110.

8. Quaestiones, MANUSCRIPT: Mainz, Stadtarchiv II.199, fols. 18rb-20rb; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2541, fol. 111ra-190rb.

9. Distinctiones

10. Repetitiones, MANUSCRIPTS: Prague, Metrop. Kap. N. 9; Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 655, 672, 823; Breslau, Univ. II.F.50; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 991 and 1062; Erfurt, Wissensch. Bibl., F. 186; Frankfurt am Main, Stadt-u. Universitätbibl. MS Praed. 38; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 5125; lat. 5128; lat. 5137; Paris, B.N. lat. 9634; Escorial, Bibl. Real D.II.10; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2660.

11. Resolutiones casuum

12. Casus summarii Decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Kassel, Landesbibl., MS jur. fol. 59

13. Thesaurus pontificum s. sacerdotum

14. Arengae pro doctoribus et licentiatis et baccalaureis, MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Bibl. Univ. III.B.2, fols. 39-184.

15. Principia, MANUSCRIPTS: Naples, Bibl. naz. VII.E.23, fol. 176-206; Venice, Bibl. naz. Marc. lat. III.cl.79 (2293), fol. 101r-170v.

LITERATURE: H. J. Becker, 'Calderini (Caldarino, de'Calderari) Giovanni', DBI 16 (1973) 606-08. M. Bellomo, 'Saggio sui "consilia" di Giovanni Calderini', Revista di storia del diritto italiano 50 (1977) 119-126; idem, 'Giuristi ed inquisitori del Trecento. Ricerca su testi di Iacopo Belvisi, Taddeo Pepoli, Riccardo Malombra e Giovanni Calderini' in Per Francesco Calasso. Studi degli allievi (Roma 1978) 43-55. Martin Bertram, 'Kanonistische Quästionensammlungen von Bartholomäus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 265-81, at 275-76. S. Caprioli, 'Un'altra copia dei Modi arguendi di Giovanni Calderini', SG 14 (1967) 183-91. Thomas M. Izbicki, 'Problems of Attribution in the Tractatus Universi Iuris(Venice 1584)', Studi Senesi 92 3rd Series 29 (1980) 479-93; idem, 'New notes on late medieval jurists: III. Commentators on the Clementines according to Johannes Calderinus', BMCL 10 (1980) 62-65. G. Nicolosi Grassi, 'Analisi di manoscritti vaticani per uno studio dei "consilia" di Giovanni e Gaspare Calderini', Rivista di storia del diritto italiano 50 (1977) 127-211. Schulte II 247-53.
 
 
   

Johannes Baptista de Castellonio wrote additiones to the dictionarium Albericus de Rosate which were printed alongside with it in Pavia, 1513. .

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 245 n.4.
 
   
 

Johannes de Cervo (senior) was Rector of the University of Cologne in 1404 and 1405. Earlier, J. was a teacher and doctor of laws and served as an advocate of the curia. He compiled responsa(1372), a collection of consilia.

TEXTS: Responsa pro libertate ecclesiastica et presertim super compositione inter clerum spirensem et ciuitatem

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 381.
 
 
 

Johannes de Cervo (junior) (XV century). Doctor of laws at the University of Cologne in 1477. His relationship to J. de Cervo (senior) is not known.

TEXTS: Notabilia super II. decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Trier, Stadtbibl. 891.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 381.
 
   
 

Johannes Charlier (see Johannes Gerson).
 
   

Johannes Choriantis (see Johannes von Freiburg)
 
   

Johannes Consobrinus (Sobrinho), a Portuguese Carmelite, studied theology at Oxford. He died in 1475.

TEXT: De iustitia commutativa, arte campsoria et alearum ludo, Early Printed Edition: Paris 1496 (Hain 5644).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 448.
 
 
  Johannes Dieppurg (see Johannes von Frankfurt).
 
     

Johannes de Erfurt (de Saxonia, Alamannus?), a lecturer at the Franciscan convents in Magdeburg (1285) and in Erfurt, wrote a penitential Summa in two recensions, the first of which appeared ca. 1295. Johannes revised it in 1302 because the publication of the Liber sextus in 1298 made an update necessary.

TEXTS: 1. Tabula iuris canonici et ciuilis (by 1285), MANUSCRIPTS: Bernkastel-Kues, Cusanus Stiftsbibl. 267; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. MS 350; Munich, Clm 8705; Oxford, Oriel Coll.72.

2. Tractatus de confessionibus audiendis, MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 8704, fol. 1-224.

LITERATURE: J. Dietterle, 'Die "Summae confessorum (sive de casibus conscientiae)" von ihren Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 28 (1907) 401-12. F. Doelle, 'Johannes von Erfurt. Ein Summist aus dem Franziskanerorden un die Wende des 13. Jahrhunderts', ZKG 31 (1910) 214-45. V. Heynck, 'Studien zu Johannes von Erfurt', Franziskanische Studien 40 (1958) 329-60. B. Kurtscheid, Franciscan Studies 1 (1914) 286ff. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 54-55. R. Naz, 'Jean d'Erfurt ou Jean de Saxe', DDC 6 (1957) 98-99. J. Sbaralea, Supplementum ad scriptores trium ordinum S. Francisci II (Rome 1921) 69-70. Schulte, QL II 385-91. W. Trusen, ZRG Kan. Abt. 57 (1971) 109-117.
 
   
 

Johannes Fantuzzi (the Elder). Nothing is known about his youth. In 1370, J. apparently received his doctorate and became a canon of St. Peter's. He began a private teaching career by 1377. His best-known student was Laurentius de Ridolphus. He wrote Consilia together with Bartholomeus de Saliceto, Franciscus de Ramponis, Baldus and Gaspar Calderinus. Performed various diplomatic missions. J. died in 1391.

TEXTS: 1. Commentary on the Decretum,

MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Spanish Coll.  112 (C.1-C.14, with a gap from C.1 q.1-C.2); Bologna, Spanish Coll. MS 111 (C.15 q.1-C.27 q.1).

2. Lectura super Clementinis

3. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Milan 1491.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 265-66.
 
   
 

Johannes Petrus de Ferrariis (XIV century). Born in Parma. J. was a professor in Pavia from 1389. It is not certain when J. died. His procedural manual called Practica was begun in 1400.

TEXTS: Practica nouo iudicialis (Practica aurea), Early Printed Editions: Venice 1473; Hain 6984 ff.; Lyons 1509; MANUSCRIPTS: Bonn, Universitätsbibl. 268; Munich, Clm 5466; Prague, Metrop. Kap. J.xi.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 294.
   
   

Johannes Franciscus de Pavinis (see Gian Francesco Pavini)
 
 
   

Johannes Franciscus Poggius (de Podio), born at Bologna, became doctor of both laws there in 1433 and began lecturing on the decretals (1433-45). Since 1446, he was vicar of the Bishop of Bologna, who, made Pope Nicolaus V in 1447, appointed J. to the episcopal office. J. nevertheless followed his predecessor to Rome and died there the same year.

TEXTS: Lectura super decretalibus

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 311.
 
 
 
 

Johannes von Freiburg (Jean le Lecteur, de Hasela, Johannes Choriantus, Lector, Rumsik), born c.1250 in Haslach/Kinzigtal. J. studied theology in Paris, possibly under Thomas Aquinas. He began legal studies in Strasbourg by 1272 under Ulrich von Strasbourg. J. had entered the Dominican order, and in 1280 he becam the prior and Lector of the Dominican house in Freiburg. In addition to preaching, J. was a very active writer, initially engaged in adapting the penitential works of St. Raymond of Peñafort. He provided an index to Raymond's Summa and added a series of questions, before he undertook a penitential summa of his own in 1290. J. also produced shorter versions of this work, and supplied an appendix, statuta, inspired by the appearance of the new legislation of Boniface VIII in 1298. Johannes died in Freiburg in 1304.

TEXTS: 1. Registrum seu tabula super textu (completes the Summa de penitentia of Raymundus de Peñafort, MANUSCRIPTS: Basel, Universitätsbibl. B.ix.35, fol. 4-40v; Munich, Clm 4595, fol. 1-39, lat. 8922, fol. 247-304v, lat. 9663, p.530-83, lat. 18101, fol. 267-294v

2. Libellus de questionibus casualibus seu summa media de penitentiis secundum canones et leges, MANUSCRIPTS: Basel, Univ. C.v.45, fol. 29-212; Bruges, Stadsbibl. Cod.230, fol. 1-128, Cod.231, Cod.369; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 364, fol. 1-148; Frankfurt, Universitätsbibl. Barth. 162, fol. 1-238; Graz, Universitätsbibl. 1087, fol. 1-188; Innsbruck, Universitätsbibl. 186; Karlsruhe, Landesbibl. Reichenau Pap.186; Kassel, Landesbibl. 4 Theol.91; Kynzwart 20.E.26, fol. 37-354v; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1034, fol. 1-116v; 1035, fol. 1-238; Munich, Clm 2683; Clm 3252; Clm 5659, fol. 132-73v; Clm 13584, fol. 1-179; Olomouc, Kap.393; Prague, Kap. I.xxxix, fol. 99v-259v, K.xxii, fol. 3-162; St. Gall, Stiftsbibl.710, p.247-483; Schlägl, 83 Cpl.92, fol. 1-79, 85-150, 162-80; Tarragona 62, fol. 1-99; Vatican City, Vat. Barb. lat. 793, fol. 1-166v; Vat. Barb. lat. 983, fol. 109v-156v (fragm.); Vat. Barb. lat. 1173, fol. 1-87v; Vich, Cat. xxix; Zeitz, Dombibl.10, fol. 329-73; Zürich, Zentralbibl. C.81, fol. 1v-106.

3. Summa confessorum, Early Printed Editions: Augsburg 1476; Reutlingen 1487; Nürnberg 1498 (Hain 7365-66, 7373); Lyons 1518; Paris 1519; Rome 1619.

MANUSCRIPTS: (about 200 have been identified) Angers, Bibl. Munic. 222; Alencon, Bibl. Munic. 139; Arras, Bibl. Munic. 55, 356; Clermont-Ferrant, Bibl. Munic. 92; Epinal, Bibl. Munic. 2; Mainz, Stadtbibl. Jur. 48; Munich, Clm 2684; Clm 3052; Clm 3253; Clm 4520; Clm 6883; Clm 8703; Paris, B.N. lat. 15378; lat. 15924; Prague, Nat. Mus. 4.B.9; Prague, Kap. C.8; Kap. D.5; St, Omer, Bibl. Munic. 124, 136, and 287; Toulouse. Bibl. Univ. A.14; Tours, Bibl. listed by T. Kaeppeli (1975) 430-33.

4. Manuale confessorum sive Confessionale, Early Printed Editions: Augsburg 1476, Nürnberg 1498; MANUSCRIPTS: listed by T. Kaeppeli (1975) 433-36.

5. Statuta Summe confessorum ex libro VI Decretalium, MANUSCRIPTS: copied together with the Summa; EDITIONS: see Summa.

7. Additiones (siue Glossas) ad Summam Raymundi, EDITIONS: in the printed editions of Raymundus de Peñafort's Summa, Rome 1603 and Avignon 1715, the title says 'cum glossis Joannis de Friburgo'.

LITERATURE: Leonard Boyle, 'The Summa confessorum of John of Freiburg and the popularization of the moral teaching of St. Thomas and some of his contemporaries', St. Thomas Aquinas 1274-1974: Commemorative studies (Toronto 1974) II 245-68. M.D.Chenu, 'Jean de Fribourg', Dictionaire de theologique catholique, 8 (Paris 1924) 761-62. J. Dietterle, 'Die "Summae confessorum (sive de casibus conscientiae)" von ihren Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 24 (1903) 255. T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (Rome 1975) 428-36. Marlies Hamm, 'Die Entstehungsgeschichte der "Rechtsumme" des Johannes von Freiburgs und zu deren lateinischen Bearbeitung', in Die 'Rechtsumme' Bruder Bertholds. Eine deutsche abecedarische Bearbeitung der 'Summa confessorum' des Johannes von Freiburg untersuch I, ed. M.Hamm and H. Ulmschneider (Texte und Textgeschichte 1: 1980) 35-115; idem, 'Johannes von Freiburg', DLMA 4 (1983) 605-11. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 43-50. Schulte QL II 419-23. M.Tadin, 'Jean de Fribourg', DDC 6 (1957) 103-105. W. Trusen, ZRG Kan. Abt. 57 (1971) 97-98. A. Walz, 'Hat Johannes von Freiburg in Paris studiert?', Angelicum11 (1934) 245-49.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Grassus (fl.1446) taught law at Turin.   He held the chair of Doctor of Civil (Legum Doctor).  Signed a consilium in Bologna, Collegio di Spagna 198, fol. 272v while he was in Rome ("Dico et consulo ego Iohannes de Grassis de Tybure (Tivoli) legum doctor morans in Vrbe .  .  .")

TEXTS: 1. Lectura in Decretum, MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Univ. knihovna VIII.A.6, p.25; St. Dié, Bibl. munic. 23.

2. Tractatus de rescriptis apostolicis, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris III.2, fols.31 ff.

3. In Arborem iudiciorum (Opusculum domesticum), MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 5357, fols. 193 ff.  Printed in Strasbourg 1510

4. Forma procuratoria, Early Printed Edition: s.a., s.l. (Hain 7873).

 

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 302-03.
 
   

Johannes de Hasela (see Johannes von Freiburg)
 
  

Johannes de Heisterbach, a Cistercian, wrote a confessional guide for the members of his order.

TEXT: Auditorium monachale, MANUSCRIPTS: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 549 and 550; Namur, Mus. archéol. 160; Trier, Stadtbibl. 202.

LITERATURE: P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 91-92.
 
   

Johannes de Imola, (Giovanni Niccoletti) born c. 1372, studied law at Bologna under Francesco Ramponi and Johannes of Lignano. He obtained the doctorate in 1397 and began to teach there in both laws in 1399. He then probably transferred to Padua (1400-02), later to Ferrara (c. 1402-07) and Siena (1404?, 1408-09), before he returned to Bologna to teach in the city uninterruptedly until 1430. In 1430-32, we find him once again at the University of Padua, teaching canon law. He died at Bologna in 1436.

TEXTS: 1. Commentaria

A. in primam partem primi libri (X 1), Early Printed Editions: Venice 1500 (Hain 9138-39); Lyons 1525 (= Lyons 1547-48), 1551.

B. in secundum librum (X 2), Early Printed Editions: Venice 1500 (Hain 9138); Lyons 1525 (= Lyons 1547-48); MANUSCRIPTS: Madrid, BN 1915; Siena, Bibl. Communale G.IV.28.

C. in tertium librum (X 3), Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1480 (IGI 5284); Venice 1499, 1500 (Hain 9140-41); Lyons 1525 (= Lyons 1547-48)

Manuscript:  Coimbra, Biblioteca da Universidade 721 (X 3.1-X 3.18)  My thanks to Professor José Domingues (Universidade Lusíada, of Porto, Portugal) for the information about the Coimbra manuscripts.

D. super prima et secunda parte libri tertii (X 3)

MANUSCRIPT: Siena, Bibl. Comm. G.IV.29.

E. in Clementinas (Clem.), Early Printed Editions: Rome 1474; Venice 1475, 1480, 1486, 1492, 1500; Lyons 1539, 1551; cf. also Clementinarum constitutiones .. per F. Joannem Thierry .. quibus multa ex commentariis Joannis ab Imola collecta adduntur (Paris 1532; Lyons 1554)

 MANUSCRIPTS: Eichstätt, Universitätsbibl. 177; Coimbra, Biblioteca da Universidade 725; Göttingen, Universitätsbibl. Iur. 157; Munich, Clm 6523; Paris, B.N. lat. 8932.

2. Repetitiones

A. in tit. de electione et electi potestate (X 1.6), Early Printed Edition: Bologna 1493.

B. super quibusdam capitulis de iureiurando (X 2.24), Early Printed Edition: Naples 1477 (Hain 9155).

C. in c. Cum contingat, tit. de iureiurando (X 2.24.28)

Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1476, 1493; Naples 1477 (Hain 9154); Venice 1496.

D. in cap. finali de praescriptionibus (X 2.26.20), Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1491-93, 1496 (Hain 9157-58).

E. in c. Tuae fraternitati, tit. de sponsalibus (X 4.1.25), Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1491-93, 1496 (Hain 9157-58).

F. in tit. de rescriptis (Clem. 1.2), Early Printed Editions: Venice 1480, 1486.

3. Additiones Franscici Zabarelle et Iohannis de Imola ad Librum Clementinarum, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1514.

4. Repetitiones sive consilia (?), MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Universitätsbibl. 2.301; Ravenna, Class. 373.

5. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Milan 1493; Bologna 1495 (Hain 9151-52); Milan 1514; Lyons 1539; I. Ziletti (ed.), Consiliorum matrimonialium .. volumen I (Venice 1572) n.32; Venice 1581; ed. D. Novarese (1987) 234-54, MANUSCRIPTS: Eichstätt, Universitätsbibl. 484; Escorial d.II.7; Modena, Bibl. Estense lat. 1161; Palermo, Bibl. Comm. Q.q.F.55, fol. 124r-27v; Palermo, Bibl. Centrale IV.F.11, fol. 9r-13r; Paris, B.N. nouv. acq. lat. 1700; Pisa, Bibl. Univ. 704; Ravenna, Class. 373, Class. 484, Class. 485, vol. IV, V, VII; Vatican City, Vat. Urb. lat. 1132; Venice, Bibl. Marc. lat. V.2.

6. De renuntiationibus (X 1.9), Early Printed Edition: Venice 1575.

7. Super scismate Occidentis, Early Printed Edition: D. Staffa, 'Tractatus Iohannis ab Imola super scismate Occidentis', Rivista di storia della chiesa in Italia 7 (1953) 181-224.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 236-42. M. Blason-Berton, 'Una nota sull'insegnamento padovano di Giovanni da Imola', Bollettino del Museo civico di Padova 54 (1965) 177-81. B. G. Moscheni,'Sulla tradizione che Paolo di Castro e Giovanni da Imola avessero parte nella compilazione degli statuti lucchesi', Atti della regia Accademia lucchese di scienze, letter ed arti 10 (1840) 19-54. R. Naz, 'Jean d'Imola', DDC 7 (1957) 108. D. Novarese, 'Un consilium maltese di Giovanni Nicoletti da Imola e la disciplina della comunione dei beni fra coniugi in Sicilia', RSDI 60 (1987) 205-54. Schulte, QL II 296-98. D. Staffa, 'De Iohannis ab Imola vita et operibus', Apollinaris 10 (1937) 76-104.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Johannis (Jean de Jean), abbot of Joncels, taught canon law at Montepellier and was the author of several canonistic commentaries, in particular the Memoriale decreti, a reference work on Gratian's Decretum, which he completed in 1339.

TEXTS: 1. Memoriale decreti, Bologna, Collegio di Spagna, 50; Paris, B.N. lat. 3921; Vat. lat. 2679; Vat. Borgh. lat. 44. Printed edition: Basel: Nicolas Kessler, 1487 (Hain 9416).

2. Reportatio on the Decretum, MANUSCRIPTS: Bernkastel-Kues, Cusanusbibl. 227; Mainz, Stadtbibl. 52 (mutilated).

LITERATURE: H. Gilles, 'Un canoniste oublié: l'abbé de Joncels', RHDEF 38 (1960) 578-602 and 'Jean de Jean, abbe de Joncels', HLF 40 (1974) 53-111.. A. Stickler, 'Decretistica Germanica adaucta', Traditio 12 (1956) 600; idem, 'Iter Helveticum', Traditio 14 (1958) 464. Information provided by Dirk L. Claes, Univeristy of Groningen
 
 
 

Johannes Lector (see Johannes von Freiburg)
 
 
 
 

Johannes de Lignano (Legnano), born ca.1320, studied law at Bologna; canon law under Paulus de Liazariis. He received a doctorate in canon law in 1351 and became the ordinary lecturer on the Gregorian Decretals, the extraordinary on the Sext and the Clementines, the same year. Since 1352, he appears as doctor utriusque iuris. J. was also engaged in civic business and politics in Bologna, which was rewarded with the Bolognese citizenship in 1378. He died in 1383.

TEXTS (canonical only): 1. Concordantia canonum, MANUSCRIPTS: Göttingen, Universitätsbibl. MS Luneb. 52, fol. 79-212; Munich, Clm 16186, fol. 1-44. For further copies, cf. Traditio 23 (1967) 431.

2. Commentaria in Clementinas, EDITIONS: Johannes's comment on the constitution Saepe (Clem. 5.11.2) has been printed by G. Wahrmund, Quellen zur Geschichte des römisches-kanonisches Prozesses im Mittelalter 4 (Innsbruck 1928); MANUSCRIPTS: Rome, Chigi lat. E.VIII.241, 1ra-155vb; Milan, Bibl. Trivulziana, Nuovi Acq. 10, Coll. A 36. For further copies, cf. Traditio 23 (1967) 419, 432.

3. Commentaria in decretales, MANUSCRIPT: For copies, cf. Traditio 23 (1967) 418-19, 431-32.

4. De horis canonicis, EDITIONS: Rome 1475; Tractatus ex variis juris interpretum collectorum  15 (Lyons 1549), fol. 411-412v; Tractatus universi iuris  15 (Venice 1584), fol. 558-559v. For MS copies, cf. Traditio 23 (1967) 419-20, 432-33.

5. De censura ecclesiastica, EDITIONS: Milan (between 1502-25); Tractatus ex variis juris interpretum collectorum xvi (Lyons 1549), fol. 227-48; Tractatus universi iuris xiv (Venice 1584), fol. 307v-25, 335-38; MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2639, fol. 275r-292v: all other MSS, cf. Traditio 23 (1967) 420, 433, seem to depend on the Vatican text.

6. De beneficiorum pluralitate, EDITIONS; Louvain 1475, 1493; Paris 1477, 1486, 1512; Bologna 1515; Lyons 1522; Tractatus de pluribus doctoribus (Lyons 1519; Tractatus ex variis juris interpretum collectorum xv (Lyons 1549), fol. 127v-29v; Tractatus universi iuris xv.1 (Venice 1584), fol. 110v-112.

7. De interdicto ecclesiastico, EDITIONS: printed together with De censura ecclesiastica.

MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. lat 2639, fol. 292v-300v: all other MSS, cf. Traditio 23 (1967) 420, 433, seem to depend on the Vatican text.

8. De appellationibus beneficialibus, MANUSCRIPTS: Bernkastel-Kues, Hospital 264, fol. 158-61; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1055, fol. 7-8v, 13-17; Vienna, Schottenkloster 346, fol. 51-56v.

9. De statutis, MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Royal MS 10.B, fol. 237r-245v.

10. De decimis, MANUSCRIPT: Trier, Stadtbibl. MS 720, fol. 214v-220

11. De arbore consanguinitatis et affinitatis, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. Ross. 1061.1, fol. 42-46v.

12. De emptione et uenditione, MANUSCRIPT: Arras, B.M.896; Basel, Universitätsbibl. C.iii.32; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. MS 897, fol. 205-208v, 210-12v; Trier, Stadtbibl. 969, fol. 46-47.

13. De testibus, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 10726, fol. 133-40v; Vat. Ross. lat. 1061.2, fol. 57v-61 (fragmentary); Vienna, ÖNB lat. 5091, fol. 1-6v.

14. Summa de confessione, MANUSCRIPT: Padua, Bibl. Univ. MS 2107, fol. 50-83v.

15. De alimentis, MANUSCRIPTS: Toledo, Bibl. de la Cathedral MS 32.29.

16. Tractatus minoritarum, EDITION: F. Margiotta Broglio, SG 14 (1967) 396-436 (from MS Vatican City, Vat. Chigi E.viii.241).

17. Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: see Traditio 23 (1967) 434.

18. Somnium,  MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican Library, Vat. Lat. 2639, fol. 247r-273v; Vat. lat. 11496, fol. 4-112; Kues (-Bernkastel), Hospital (Cusanusstift) 256, fol. 1-89v and 257, fol. 49-64v;  Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional 449,  fol. 113r-171v; and 735, fol. 1-77v; Valencia, Biblioteca del Cabildo,  45, fol. 200r-248r;  Napoli, Biblioteca Nazionale III.A.9, fol. 52-71.  EDITION:  Somnium, edizione critica a cura di Giulietta Voltolina, con scritti di M.C. De Matteis e G. d'Ilario (Legnano 2004) (My thanks to Dr. Voltolina for providing me with this information).

LITERATURE: F. Bosdari, 'Giovanni da Legnano, canonista e uomo politico del 1300', in Atti e Memorie della Regia Deputazione di storia patria per le provincie di Romagna, III series, 19 (1901) 1-137. M. Consiglia de Matteis, 'Profilo di Giovanni da Legnano', L'Università a Bologna: Personaggi, momenti e luoghi dalle origini al xvi secolo, ed. O. Capitani (Bologna 1987) 157-71. W. Copeland, 'An unpublished work of John of Legnano: the "Somnium" of 1372', Nuovi studi medievali 2 (1925) 65-88. G.M. Donovan and M. Keen, 'The "Somnium" of John of Legnano', Traditio 37 (1981) 325-45. G.Ermini, 'I trattati della guerra e della pace di Giovanni da Legnano', Studi e Memorie per la storia dell'Università di Bologna 8 (1923) 5-41, 125-49. E. Giannazza and G. D'Ilario, Vita opere di Giovanni da Legnano(Legnano 1983). Hermann Kantorowicz, 'Die Repetitio super Clementinas Saepe des Johannes da Legnano', ZRG Rom. Abt. 49 (1929) 105-14. D. Maffei, 'La biblioteca di Gimignano Inghirami e la "Lectura Clementinarum" di Simone da Borsano', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 224 n.19. F. Margiotta Broglio, 'Ideali pauperistici e strutture temporali nella canonistica del secolo xiv. Notazioni e appunti per una edizione del "Liber Minoritarum" di Giovanni da Legnano', SG 14 (1967) 369-436. John P. McCall, 'The Writings of John of Legnano with a list of Manuscripts', Traditio 23 (1967) 415-37. Diego Quaglioni, Giovanni de Legnano (d.1383) e il "Somnium uiridarii",'Civilis sapientia, ed. D.Quaglioni (Rimini 1989) 145-67. G. Rossi, 'Contributi alla biograifa del canonista Giovanni d'Andrea', Rivista trimestrale di diritto e procedura civile (1957) 1451-1502. L.Rossi, Degli scritti inediti giur.-polit. di Giovanni da Legnano (Bologna 1898). S.Stelling-Michaud, 'Jean de Legnano', DDC 6 (1957) 112-13. Giulietta Voltolina, 'Il Somnium di Giovanni da Legnano', Politica e "Studium": Nuove prospettive e ricerche (Bologna 2005) 139-155
 
 

 

Johannes Ludovicus Lambertaccius, a doctor in Padua in 1384, died 12 May 1400.

TEXTS: Repetitio in cap. 'Quoniam constitutio' (X 1.2.13), MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Kap. MS 9 (excerpt).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 384.
 

 

Johannes Lupus Segobiensis (Juan López de Segovia) was born at Segovia in 1441 and studied canon law at Salamanca. There he was professor until he became dean of the chapter of Segovia. He died in Rome in 1496.

TEXTS: 1. De matrimonio et legitimatione, Early Printed Editions: (Hain 10346-47); Tractatus universi iuris 9, fol. 39va-46va.

2. De libertate ecclesiastica, Early Printed Edition: Siena ? (Hain 10346); Paris 1513; Tractatus universi iuris 13.1, fol. 2ra-11ra.

3. De confederatione principum, Early Printed Edition: Hain 10342-43; Tractatus universi iuris 16, fol. 303rb-308rb.

4. De bello et bellatoribus, EDITION: Tractatus universi iuris 16, fol. 320va-324ra

5. De heresi

6. Quaestio iuris:  Istis diebus .  .  . an sit licitum clericis ex mandato pape contra Turchos armam assumere et bellari, interficere et mutilare .  .  . ?  Toledo, Bibliotec del Cabildo 8-3, fol. 162r-170r (García y García, p. 166)

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 335-36. Antonio García y García, 'Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', Studia Gratiana 9.153-170.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Lupus (Wolff) was the author of an important booklet on confession, published in German towards the end of the fourteenth century. The work was influenced by the mystics of the contemporary Rhenish school.

TEXT: 1. Beichtbüchlein, EDITION:

LITERATURE: F. X. Thalhofer, 'Ein Beichtbüchlein aus dem Ende des XIV. Jahrhunderts', Veröffentlichungen aus dem Kirchenhistorischen Seminar München 1 (third series) 295-313.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Milis, from Verona, was doctor of the laws and advocate, probably at Rome. He wrote a legal repertorium, ca. 1430-40.

TEXT: Repertorium iuris, Early Printed Editions: Louvain 1475; Rome 1475; Basel 1488; Venice 1499 (Hain 11153-75); Lyons 1510.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 299-300.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Monachus (Jean Lemoine, Le Moyne). Born at Crécy (c.1240-50), likely of a noble family. Not a monk. Studied law at Paris. Obtained prebends for Churches in Paris, Amiens and Bayeux which he held until his death in 1313. During the 1280's, Lemoine was promoted to Dean of Bayeux, but it seems doubtful that he ever discharged his duties there personally. In 1285, he was serving as a procurator in the Roman curia. During the reign of Honorious IV (1285-87), J. became a papal chaplain and an auditor. In 1288, he was advanced to the Vice-Chancellorship of the Roman Church by Pope Nicholas IV. In 1293, he was elected Bishop of Arras, but probably remained only an electus as he was promoted to the Cardinalate in 1294 by Pope Celestine V. Lemoine remained on good terms with Pope Boniface VIII and worked dilligently on curial business until his legation to France in 1303. At the height of the second conflict between Boniface VIII and Philip IV of France, J. was dipatched as a legate to Paris in a last and unsuccessful effort to achieve a resolution. J. has been charged by some historians with adopting a (treacherous) anti-Bonifacian position on this mission; but it seems more likely that, whatever his personal views, he attempted to perform a task which simply proved impossible. From 1303-1313 he worked in the curial administration in Rome and Avignon. During his career, J. gave liberally to various churches and the Collége de Cholets in Paris and eventually founded a college in the University of Paris bearing his own name.

Johannes Monachus's most important work was a Glossa aurea to the Liber Sextus; it was an important and persuasive work which was often cited by later canonists. He also wrote extensive glosses to Boniface VIII's Extravagantes, many of which were incorporated into the Glossa ordinaria to the Extravagantes communes. Although Lemoine has been seen as an extreme papalist, the studies of Johannessen and Steckling cast serious doubt on such an interpretation.

TEXTS: 1. Glossa aurea (in libro sextum): MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. munic. 391, fol. 1r-107r; Frankfurt am Main, Stadt- und Universitätsbibl. Barth. 29, fol. 1r-140v; Laon, Bibl. munic. 379 (item 1); Paris, B.N. lat. 4068, fol. 1r-87r (defective); Reims, Bibl. munic. 727, fol. 1r-145r; Saint-Omer, Bibl. munic. 458, fol. 1r-96v.

2. Apparatus (on X) MANUSCRIPT: Paris, Sainte-Geneviève 339 (breaks off at X 1.4.8.

3. Gloss on the Extravagantes Johannis XXII

4. Gloss on 'Super cathedram'

LITERATURE: Heinrich Finke, Aus den Tagen Bonifaz VIII.: Funde und Forschungen (Münster 1902) 126-45, 177-86. R.M. Johannessen, 'Cardinal Jean Lemoine: Curial Politics and Papal Power' (Ph.D. dissertation: Univ. California, Los Angeles 1989); idem, 'Cardinal Jean Lemoine and the authorship of the glosses to Unam Sanctam', BMCL 18 (1988) 33-41. Felix Lajard, 'Jean le Moine, cardinal, Canoniste', HLF 27 (1877) 201-24. R. Naz, 'Jean le Moine ou Joannes Monachus', DDC 6 (1957) 112-113. Ronald Steckling, 'Jean le Moine as Canonist and Political Thinker' (Ph.D. dissertation: Univ. of Wisconsin 1964); idem, 'Cardinal Lemoine's legation to France, 1303: A diplomat's dilemmas', Res publica litterarum 5 (1982) 203-25.
 
 
 
 

Johannes de Moneta (von der Müntz), a Dominican who lived around 1364, is said to have written an alphabetical inventory to Gratian's Decretum, which may be lost.

TEXT: Excerptum de libro Decretorum per ordinem alphabeti

LITERATURE: A. de Castello, AFP 30 (1960) 271. T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (Rome 1975) 482.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Nider (ca. 1380-1438), a Dominican preacher, studied theology in Vienna and Cologne, participated in the Council of Constance, and became Professor at the University of Vienna (1425-27, 1435). He was active in the movement for the reform of the church and contributed considerably to the confessional literature. His Manuale was a great success, especially in Germany.

TEXTS (confessional and legal only): 1. Manuale confessorum, Early Printed Editions: Cologne 1467/72; Nürnberg 1471; Paris 1473/74 etc. (Hain 11834-45); Paris 1513, 1514.

2. Tractatus de contractibus mercatorum, Early Printed Editions: Cologne 1468, 1479; Esslingen 1474-75 etc. (Hain 11820-27); Paris 1514; Venice 1584; Lyons 1593.

3. De vigore consuetudinis et dispensatione canonica, MANUSCRIPTS: Augsburg, Staatsbibl. Fol. 79, fol. 1-18; Basel, Universitätsbibl. A.viii.29, fol. 143v-87v; B.iii.15, fol. 54v-74; Besancon 388; Cologne, Archiv W f.342, fol. 305-21v; Eichstätt, Sem. 231, fol. 84v-108; Innsbruck, Universitätsbibl. 951, fol. 1-38v; Lilienfeld 113; Mainz, Stadtbibl. 6, fol. 207v-22; Melk 651, fol. 31-54v, 306, fol. 118-39; Munich, Clm 3032, fol. 121-24 (incomplete); Clm 18389, fol. 142-63; Nürnberg, Stadtbibl. Cent. V.88, fol. 2-56v; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 3515, fol. 1-40v.

4. Preceptorium iuris et scilicet expositio decalogi, Early Printed Editions: Basel 1470; Cologne 1472 etc. (Hain 11780-96); Paris 1515; Douai 1611.

LITERATURE: R. Chabanne, 'Nider (Jean)', DDC 6 (1957) 1010-12. T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (Rome 1975) 500-15. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 79-80. K. Schieler, Johannes Nider aus dem Orden der Predigerbrüder (Mainz 1885). Schulte, QL II 441-42.
 
   
Johannes Lupus de Palaciis Rubeis (see Juan López de Palacios Rubios)

 

Johannes de Palomar (Juan, Giovanni)

TEXTS: 1. De esu carnium

2. De mercatoribus

3. Responsa ad questiones iuris canonici

4. De excommunicatione regulari

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiaticas de España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 429, 2 (1971) 198; idem, 'La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 248.  Dieter Girgensohn, 'Johannes v. Palomar' Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche 5 (1996) XXXXX
     
 


 
   
Johannes Poltzmacher received the doctorate in Vienna in 1436 and was rector there in 1438, dean of the law faculty in 1436, 1439, 1441, 1442, 1445, and 1447.

TEXTS: Lectura super libro quinto decretalium (based entirely on the works of Panormitanus and Zabarella), MANUSCRIPT: Vienna, Schottenkloster I.D.a.1.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 300-301.
 
 
 

Johannes de Prague was a professor of law at the university of Prague by 1389. He was at the same time a canon of the cathedral chapter there. He later became bishop of Leitmeritz and then as the administrator of the bishop of Prague. He died in 1430.

TEXTS: 1. Casus sumarii super Decreti, MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Univ. knihovna IV.G.5.

LITERATURE: Schulte QL II, 385. J.Viret, 'Jean de Prague', DDC 6 (1957) 117.
 
  
 

Johannes Rigaudus, a Franciscan and papal penitentiary under Pope John XXII, wrote a confessional manual for laymen (ca.1309-12). He died as Bishop of Tréguier.

TEXTS: 1. Formula confessionis, MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 6622.

LITERATURE: M. Bloomfield, 'A preliminary list if incipits of Latin works on the virtues and the vices', Traditio 11 (1955) 279-80. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 56-57. Schulte, QL II 425. A. Teetaert, 'La formula confessionis du frère mineur Jean Rigaud', Miscellanea A. de Meyer(Louvain - Brussels 1946) 651-76.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Baptista de Rosellis (see Giovanni Battista Roselli)
 
 
 
 

Johannes Rumsik (see Johannes von Freiburg)
 
 
 
 

Johannes de Sancto Georgio (= card. Alejandrino?) (d. 1378). Received the doctorate in canon at Bologna in 1320. Left Bologna for Padua in 1348 on account of the plague. Remained in Padua where he is named as a 'doctor' in 1352 and 1361. Sometime after 1361 he returned to Bologna where he died sometime after 1378.

TEXTS: 1. Reportationes super Clementinis

2. Additiones ad apparatum Johanni Andreae in Sextum

3. Quaestiones

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 253.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Antonius de Sancto Gregorio (Praepositus), from Piacenza, taught canon law at Pavia since 1474. Pope Innocent VIII made him auditor of th Roman Rota and bishop of Alessandria (1483). Named cardinal priest in 1493, he was later transferred to the bishoprics of Parma (1500), Tusculum (1503), and and Sabina (1507). His cursus honorum also included the patriarchate of Jerusalem. He died in 1509.

TEXTS: 1. Super titulo de appellationibus, Early Printed Editions: Como 1474; Pavia 1488 (revised edition); Venice 1497 (Hain 7593-95); Lyons 1519.

2. Super usibus feudorum commentaria, Early Printed Editions: Pavia 1490, 1497; Venice 1498 (Hain 7590-92); Trient 1511.

3. Commentaria super quarto decretalium (on X 4), Early Printed Edition: Pavia 1476; Milan 1490; Venice 1493 (Hain 7586-88); Venice 1503.

4. Commentaria super decretorum uolumina (on Gratian), Early Printed Editions: Part I: Rome 1493; Milan 1494; Pavia 1497; Venice 1500 (Hain 7582-85); Lyons 1511. Part II (ends after C.12): Milan 1509.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 338-41.
 
 
 
 

Johannes de Saxonia (see Johannes de Erfurt)
 
 
 
 

Johannes de Sexto (see Johannes de Sistro).
 
 
 
 

Johannes de Sine Muro. About this canonist nothing is known other than that he left a work bearing his name.

TEXTS: Concordantiae excerptae de decretalibus et decretis, MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 16903.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 385.
 
 
 
 

Johannes de Sistro is perhaps identical with Johannes de Sexto, whom Diplovatatius mentions as an early fourteenth century teacher of decretalia.

TEXTS: Summa de appellationibus, MANUSCRIPT: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 651; Trier, Stadtbibl. 1986, fol. 151-153.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 391.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Span was lecturer at the Dominican convent of Speyer (1469) and Eichstätt (1478) and later Professor of theology at Freiburg (1480). He wrote a treatise on confession which draws heavily on the Summa Astesana.

TEXT: Confessionale, MANUSCRIPTS: Eichstätt, Staatsbibl. 681, fol. 3-190; Innsbruck, Servitenkloster I.b.6, fol. 330-73v; Prague, Univ. knihovna I.A.35, fol. 181-225v.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 3 (Rome 1980) 13-14.
 
 
 
 

Johannes de Turrecremata, a Dominican born at Valladolid in 1388, was the foremost defender of the papal monarchy against the conciliarist movement. Originally trained as a theologian at Salamanca and Paris in the 1420's, his transfer to the papal curia in 1431 and the involvement in the political struggles soon led him to study the sources of canon law. The principal outcome was his commentary on Gratian's Decretum, finished in 1464. He became cardinal in 1439 and died at Rome in 1468.

TEXTS (only legal): 1. Apparatus super decreto unionis grecorum, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1561; Edition: E. Candal, Concilium Florentinum B.II-1 (Rome 1942).

2. Commentaria super Decreto, Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1516, 1519, 1555; Venice 1524, 1578; Rome 1524.

3. Nova compilatio Decreti, EDITION: by J. Fontanini (Rome 1726).

4. Questiones

A. Questio de dercreto irritante quod attentabatur Basileae contra summum pontificem in materia provisionum et collationum beneficiorum, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1563; Edition: J. Mansi, Sacrorum conciliorum collectio 30.550-90.

B. An papa debeat iurare servare decreta de conciliis generalibus continuandis et electionibus confirmandis, EDITION: J. Mansi, 30.599-606.

C. An liceat appellare a concilio ad papam, EDITION: J. Mansi 30.1072-93.

4. Summa de ecclesia, Early Printed Edition: Cologne 1480; Rome 1489; Lyons 1495, 1496; Salamanca 1560; Venice 1561; see also A Disputation on the authority of pope and council, trans. T.M. Izbicki (Dominican Sources: New editions in English 4: Oxford 1988).

5. Expositio regulae S. Benedicti, Early Printed Editions: Paris 1491; Venice 1500; Rouen 1510; Paris 1514; Cologne 1575.

LITERATURE: V. Beltrán de Heredia, 'Collección e documentos inéditos para ilustrar la vida del cardinal Juan de Torquemada O.P.', AFP 7 (1937) 210-245; idem, 'Noticias y documentos para la biografia del Cardenal Juan de Torquemada', AFP 30 (1960) 53-148. K. Binder, 'Kardinal Juan de Torquemada, Verfasser der "Nova Ordinatio Decreti Gratiani",' Archivum fratrum praedicatorum 22 (1952) 268-93; idem, Wesen und Eigenschaften der Kirche bei Kardinal Juan de Torquemada (Innsbruck-Vienna-Munich 1955); idem, Konzilsgedanken bei Kardinal Juan Torquemada O.P. (Vienna 1976). J. Fleury, 'Le conciliarisme des canonistes au Concile de Bâle d'après le Panormitain', Mélanges Roger Secrétan (Montreux 1964) 47-65. A. García y García, 'Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 170; idem, 'La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias Eclestiasticas de España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 429-30, 2 (1971) 198-203. J. Garrastachu, 'Los manuscritos del Caed. Torquemada en la Biblioteca Vaticana', La ciencia tomista 41 (1930) 188-217, 291-322. C. Gremper, 'Des Kardinals Johannes von Turrecremata Kommentar zur Regel des heiligen Benedikt, Studien und Mitteilungen zur Geschichte des Benediktiner-Ordens 45 (1927) 223-83. T. Izbicki, 'Johannes de Turrecremata, two questions on law', TRG 43 (1975) 9-14; idem, 'Notes on the manuscript library of cardinal Johannes de Turrecremata', Scriptorium 35 (1981) 306-11; idem, 'An argument from authority in the Indies debate', The Americas 34 (1978) 400-406; idem, 'Notes on the manuscript library of Cardinal Johannes de Turrecremata', Scriptorium 35 (1981) 306-11; idem, Protector of the Faith: Cardinal Johannes de Turrecremata and the defense of the institutional church (Washington, D.C.1981). T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 3 (Rome 1980) 24-42. S. Lederer, Der spanische Cardinal Johann von Torquemada. Sein Leben und seine Schriften (Freiburg 1879). P. Massi, Magistero infallible del Papa nella Teologia di Giovanni da Torquemada (Turin 1957). A. Molina Meliá, 'Juan de Torquemada y la teoria de potestad indirecta de la iglesia en asuntos temporales', Andes Valentinos 2 (1976) 45-78. E.S.Morris, 'The infallibility of the Apostolic See in Juan de Torquemada O.P.', The Thomist 46 (1982) 242-66. Schulte, QL II 322-27. B. Tierney, Foundations of the conciliar theory (Cambridge 1955) 238-47; idem, '"Only the truth has authority": the problem of "reception" in the decretists and in Johannes de Turrecremata', Law, church and society: essays in honor of Stephan Kuttner, eds. K.Pennington, R.Sommerville (Philadelphia 1977) 69-96.
 
 
   

Johannes Urbach was law professor at Erfurt at the beginning of the fifteenth century.

TEXTS: 1. Processus iudicii, EDITION: T. Muther, Joannis Urbach Processus iudicii qui Panormitani ordo iudiciarius a multis dicitur (Halle/S. 1873).

LITERATURE: H. Boockmann, 'Aus den Handakten des Kanonisten Johannes Urbach', DA 28 (1972) 497-532. Schulte, QL II 301-02. R. Stintzing, Geschichte der populären Literatur des römisch-canonischen Rechts in Deutschland am Ende des 15. und Anfang des 16. Jahrhunderts(Leipzig 1867) 239-56, 479, 553.
 
   
 

Johannes de Vico Mercato (da Vimercate), ordinary professor in Padua and an older relative of Taddeo (b.1360), wrote a Lectura on the decretals.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super II decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 8928.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 392.
 
   
 

Johannes Wormatiensis was a lector at the Dominican convent of Worms (ca.1350?).

TEXT: Epistola de decimis, MANUSCRIPT: Basel, Universitätsbibl. B.ix.31, fol. 229.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 3 (Rome 1980) 55.
 
   
 

Johannes de Zinna (also de Stynna) was a student of Johannes de Borbonio at Paris. In 1327, J. entered the monastery of Colbaz in Pommerania where he remained until 1340. It was at Colbaz that he wrote a Speculum abbreuiatum, a handbook of canon law for beginners and students.

TEXTS: Speculum abbreuiatum, Early Printed Edition: s.l. 1511; MANUSCRIPT: Bonn, Universitätsbibl. 266.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 254-55.
 
   
 

John XXII, Pope (Jacques Duése)

TEXTS: 1. Extravagantes Johannis XXII, EDITION: by Jacqueline Tarrant, Extrauagantes Iohannis XXII (MIC B-6; Vatican City 1983).

LITERATURE: A. Lückerath, 'Johannes XX, Papst', TRE 17 (1987) 109-12. J.Tarrant, 'Prolegomena', to Extrauagantes. Noël Valois, Jacques Duèse, 'Pape sous le nom de Jean XXII', HLF 34 (1915) 391-630.
 
 
Juan Martinez de Almazán is known as a bacalarius in decretis and author of a penitential Summain Spanish.

TEXT: 1. Tratado de penitencia, MANUSCRIPT: Sevilla, Bibl. del Cab. 5-5-27, fol. 82vb-88vb.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 168.
 
   

Juan Alfonso de Benavente was an important canonist of Salamanca who taught there for more than 60 years. He died c.1478.

TEXTS: 1. Ars studendi et docendi, EDITION: B. Alonso Rodríguez, Bibliotheca Salmanticensis2 (Salamanca 1972).

MANUSCRIPTS: Oviedo, Cat.14, fol. 139va-164ra; Sevilla, Bibl. del Cabildo 5-5-23, fol. 180ra-91vb.

2. Compilatio de canonibus moralibus, MANUSCRIPTS: Oviedo, Cat. 22, fol. 2r-43v; Salamanca, Univ.

3. Repetitiones

A. de nullitatibus sententiarum, MANUSCRIPTS: Madrid, BN lat. 9117, fol. 1ra-19vb; Segovia, Bibl. del Cabildo 72.26 (55), fol. 132ra-143ra, 3.4.7.71.10, fol. 199ra-215va.

B. super cap. Sufficit (De pen. D.1 c.61)

C. de ieiunio

D. de elemosyna

E. de restitutione male ablatorum (two versions)

F. in cap. Qui in vivorum (X 3.8.1)

G. de alienatione rerum ecclesiasticarum

H. de iure patronatus (two versions)

I. de potestate et arbitrio confessoris

K. de advocatis

L. de feriis

M. de excommunicationibus et reincidentiis, MANUSCRIPTS: Madrid, B.N. lat. 12915, fol. 235vb-37v, 247va-61vb.

N. de immunitate ecclesiastica

MANUSCRIPTS: Madrid, B.N. lat. 12915, fol. 262ra-85rb.

O. de baptismo

P. de materia iuramenti, MANUSCRIPT: Madrid, BN lat. 12915, fol. 235ra, 238ra-47rb.

Q. de oratione

R. in bullam 'Excellentissimum' (of Eugene IV), MANUSCRIPT: Cordoba, Cab. Inc.534 (fragment).

4. Revised Tratado of Juan de Calahorra, EDITION: N. López Martínez, 'El "Tratado" para sacerdotes de Juan de Calahorra', Burgense 12 (1971) 355-70.

5. Tractatus de poenitentiis, Early Printed Edition; Salamanca 1502, 1526.

6. Quaestiones

A. de indulgentiis

B. de sacrilegio

7. XIV conclusiones contra clericos concubinarios, EDITIONS: Appended to the Tractatus of the same title in ed. Toulouse 1479; and in the Opera omnia of Alfonso de Madrigal, vol. 20 of ed. Venice 1529, vol.12 of ed. Cologne 1613. For the Tractatus itself, see under Martín de Galos; MANUSCRIPTS: Cordoba, Cab. MS 128, fol. 215ra, MS 191, fol. 11v.

LITERATURE: B. Alonso Rodríguez, Juan Alfonso de Benavente canonista salmantino del s. XV(Rome - Madrid 1964). A. García y García, 'Un canonista olvidado: Juan Alfonso de Benavente', Revista Española de derecho canonico 15 (1960) 655-69; idem, 'Los canonistas de la Universidad de Salamanca en el s.XIV-XV', REDC 17 (1962) 175-90; idem, 'Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 158-59; idem, 'La canonística española posclasica', SG 11 (1967) 277-51; idem, 'La canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias eclesiasticas en España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 372-74; idem, 'Benavente, Juan Alfonso de', LMA 1 (1980) 1855-56.
 
  
 

Juan López de Calahorra was the author of a manual for priests. He submitted the work to his teacher, Juan Alfonso de Benavente, who completed a revision in 1468.

TEXT: 1. Tratado para sacerdotes, MANUSCRIPT: Córdoba, Bibl. del Cab. 128, fol. 318r-25v (original recension); for the revision, see under Juan de Alfonso de Benavente.

LITERATURE: N. López Martínez, 'El tratado para sacerdotes de Juan de Calahorra (a.1468)', Burgense 12 (1971) 335-70. A. García y García, 'La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 244 n.94.
 
 
 

Juan de Castilla was bishop of Astorga (1494-98) and Salamanca (1498-1510).

TEXTS: 1. Arenga pro petitione licentiature ad Academiam Salamantinum, MANUSCRIPT: Escorial, MS g.II.16, fol. 89r-91r.

2. Repetitio in cap. Gravem (X 5.37.13)

LITERATURE: B. Alonso Rodriguez, 'Castilla, Juan de', DHE 1 (1972) 380. A. García y García, 'Los Canonistas de la Universidad de Salamanca en los siglos XIV-XV', REDC 17 (1962) 175-90; idem, 'La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 237-38.
 
 
 

Juan Gonzáles (Johannes Gundissalvi) studied canon law at Salamanca, where he became doctor decretorum around 1418. In the same year, he went to the Council of Constance as the proctor of his University and the Queen of Castille, and continued on to Rome to become an auditor at the papal curia. Named bishop of Cadiz in 1426, he left Rome in 1427 for his diocese. He reappeared at the Council at Basel (1432-34) but returned to Cadiz after two years. He died in 1440. His literary activity revolved exclusively around political questions of the day, mostly in the form of tractatus.

TEXTS: Tractatus de annatis, EDITION: H. Finke, Forschungen und Quellen zur Geschichte des Konstanzer Konzils (Paderborn 1888) 283-87.

LITERATURE: V. Beltran de Heredia, Cartulario de la Universitad de Salamanca (1218-1600) 1 (Salamanca 1970) 281-99. A. García y García, 'Los canonistas de la Universidad de Salamanca en el s. xiv-xv', REDC 17 (1962) 182-83; idem, Estudios sobre la canonística portuguesa medieval(Madrid 1976) 143-47. E. Meuthen, 'Juan Gonzáles, Bischof von Cadíz, auf dem Basler Konzil', Annuarium historiae conciliorum 8 (1976) 250-93. J. Miethke, 'Die handschriftliche Überlieferung der Schriften des Juan Gonzáles, Bischof von Cadíz (d.1440)', QF 60 (1980) 275-324.
 
   
 

Juan Alfonso de Madrid was a doctor of both laws from the ecclesiastical province of Toledo, who taught at Salamanca from 1393 to 1407. In the same year, he appears as a notary at the papal Curia, where he is reported to have died in 1410. Besides leaving repertories and indexes to the works of several civilian authors, he also wrote a canonistic repetitio.

TEXT: 1. Repetitio in cap. Dilectus filius abbas (X 1.3.26), MANUSCRIPT: Madrid, BN lat. 2142, fol. 172ra-74ra.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 162, 168; idem, 'La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de histria de las ciencias eclestiasticas de España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 427, 5 (1976) 374-77; idem, 'La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 245.
 
  
 

Juan Alfonso de Mayorga (see Juan Alfonso de Madrid)
 
  
 

Juan Alfonso de Mella, born at Zamora in 1397, studied and taught canon law at Salamanca. By 1419, he was decretorum doctor. In 1423, he became auditor of the Roman Rota. In this function he wrote numerous consilia, such as one supporting the English king's claims to the French throne according to the treaty of Troyes (1420), and was often involved in high politics. Thus, he was sent as a papal envoy to the councils of Basel and Ferrara. His writings are mostly related to these missions. In 1437, he became bishop of León (1437), and was later transferred to Zamora (1440) and Siguenza (1466). He nevertheless spent most of his time at the curia in Rome, where he was named cardinal in 1456. Juan died in 1467.

TEXTS:

1. Consilia

A. Allegationes in facto regis Francie et Anglie, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2688, fol. 17r-19r.

B. Allegaciones super XLII legibus factis per dominum regem Portugalie, MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2688, fol. 35r-63v and fol. 1r-2v (fragment); Vatican, Bibl. Ap. lat. 2681, fol. 19r-51v (without prologue).

2. Decisiones reverendi patris domini Iohannis de Mella, MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2665, fol. 198r-302v.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiaticas de España 2 (Salamanca 1971) 191-92; idem, Estudios sobre la canonística portuguesa medieval (Madrid 1976) 147-49. T. Izbicki, 'Notes on late medieval jurists I', BMCL 4 (1974) 49-53; idem, 'A tract on the plague falsely attributed to Juan de Mella', Homenaje a Pedro Sainz Rodriguez III: Estudios historicos (Madrid 1986) 367-72.
 
  
 

Juan Díaz de Montalvo (fl. ca.1450) was a professor of canon law at Salamanca and author of royal ordinances for the kingdom of Castille.

TEXT: 1. Repertorium super opera abbatis Panormitani, Early Printed Editions: Sevilla 1477 1496; Salamanca s.a.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiaticas de España 2 (Salamanca 1971) 183-85.
 
 

Juan López de Palacios Rubios (de Rivero) appears as a student and professor of canon law at Salamanca from 1484-90, then at Valladolid.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitio in cap. Per vestras (X 4.20.7)

Early Printed Edition: Valladolid 1503; Cologne 1509; Lyons 1517; Salamanca 1523; Frankfurt 1573.

2. Allegatio in materia heresis, Early Printed Edition: Rome 1581.

3. De beneficiis in curia vacantibus

4. De penitentiis et remissionibus

5. Consilia, MANUSCRIPT: Salamanca, Univ. 629.

6. Recollectiones super ius canonicum

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de histria de las ciencias eclestiasticas de España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 428; idem, 'La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 239-40, 246. Schulte, QL II 337-38.
  
 
 

Juan Alfonso de Segovia taught theology at Salamanca in the 1420's and later attended the council of Basel. His writings mostly focus on conciliar questions. He died shortly after 1456.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 246; idem, 'La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de histria de las ciencias eclestiasticas de España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 429 n.126; 2 (1971) 195-98.
 
   

Juan López de Segovia (1441-96) was a doctor of both laws and dean of the cathedral chapter of Segovia during the pontificate of Sixtus IV (1471-1484).

TEXT: 1. Questio an sit licitum clericis arma assumere, MANUSCRIPT: Toledo, Bibl. del Cab. 8-3, fol. 160r-70r.

2. De matrimonio et legitimatione, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1483; Tractatus universi iuris IX (Venice 1584), fol. 39va-46va.

3. De libertate ecclesiastica, Early Printed Editions: Siena 1491 (Hain 10346); Paris 1513; Tractatus universi iuris XXX.1 (Venice 1584), fol. 2ra-11ra.

4. De confederatione principum, Early Printed Editions: Siena 1491 (Hain 10346); Paris 1513 (repr. by J. Fernández Prida [Madrid 1931]); Tractatus universi iuris XVI (Venice 1584), fol. 303ra-308rb.

5. De bello et bellatoribus, Early Printed Editions: Paris 1513 (repr. by J. Fernández Prida [Madrid 1931]); Tractatus universi iuris XVI (Venice 1584), fol. 320va-24ra.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 166; idem, 'La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de histria de las ciencias eclestiasticas de España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 428-29.

 

Lanfranchinus Tranensis was a canonist (15th c.) reputed by Panzirolus to have produced a work on patronage.

TEXTS: De iure patronatus

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 392
 

Lanfrancus de Oriano de Brixio (d.1488) He came from Brescia, a student of Petrus de Besuntio, taught in Padua and died in Brescia in 1488. He was a doctor utriusque iuris and wrote and taught on both Roman and canon law.

TEXTS:

1. Repetitio super c. `Quoniam contra' (X 2.19.11)

MANUSCRIPTS: Bologna, Collegio di Spagna, 212, fol. 163ra-245ra; Eichstätt, Universitätsbibl. 477 part II, fol. 1r-133; Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Clm 6603, fol. 292r-390r, Vatican City, Vat. Urb. lat. 168, fol. 20r7-83v.

Early Printed Editions: Naples 1472; Perugia 1477 (Hain 9885); Cologne 1488 (Hain 9882) Venice 1489 (Hain 9883); Pavia 1489 (Hain 9886);

2. Repetitio super c. `Raynuncius' (X 3.26.16), Early Printed Edition: Cologne 1488 (Hain 9882)

3. Repetitio super c. `Raynaldus' (X 3.26.18), Early Printed Edition: Cologne 1488 (Hain 9882)

4. Repetitio super c. `Saepe contingit' (Clem. 5.11.2), Early Printed Edition: Cologne 1488 (Hain 9882); MANUSCRIPTS: Leiden Bibl. der Rijksuniversiteit, MS d'Ablaing 28.

5. Repetitio super c. `Dispendiosam' (Clem. 2.1.2), Early Printed Edition: Cologne 1488 (Hain 9882)

6. Repetitio in tit. de causa possessionis et proprietatis (Clem. 2.3), Early Printed Edition: Cologne 1488 (Hain 9882); MANUSCRIPT: Leiden Bibl. der Rijksuniversiteit, MS d'Ablaing 28. 6. Tractatus de arbitris, Early Printed Editions: Naples 1474; Pisa 1486; Milan 1493; Pavia 1498, 1499: Hain 9888-92); Cologne 1590; MANUSCRIPTS: Freiburg, Universitätsbibl. MS 226; Munich, Universitätsbibl. MS 20304, no 2:

7. Tractatus de interpretatione statutorum, Early Printed Edition: Cologne 1488 (Hain 9882), fol. 133v-140v.

8. Praxis iudiciaria, Early Printed Editions: Lyon 1515, 1521; MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. Urb. lat. 168.

9. Quaestiones, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 10726.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 264-69. Schulte, QL II 392.

 

Lapo de Castiglionchio (Johannes Lapus Castilioneus), from Florence, studied philosophy and law at Bologna under Johannes Calderinus, Lapus Abbas, and Johannes de Lignano. Received doctorate around 1353. Thereafter he was in Florence, first as a private teacher of canon law and then as professor (1367-78). He also held various positions in the Florentine government until he fell into political disgrace. Banned from his native city, he obtained a professorship in canon law at Padua (1379). He died in Rome two years later.

TEXTS: 1. Allegationes iuris, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1474; Milan 1491, 1498 (twice) (Hain 4578-81); Lyons 1537, 1571; Florence 1568; Venice 1600; MANSUCRIPTS: Brussels, Bibl. Royale 11562; Königsberg, Universitätsbibl. 129; Magdeburg, Stadtbibl. 81; Munich, Clm 3632; Clm 7584; Vienna, Schottenkloster I.F.a.5, fols. 1-156; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 4213; lat. 4329.

2. Tractatus hospitalitatis (on X 3.36.3), Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris XIV, fols.162 ff.

3. Tractatus de canonica portione et de questu, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris XV.2, fols.193 ff.

4. Repetitiones

A. in § Sane (X 2.24.36 in fine), MANUSCRIPTS: Tours, Bibl. Munic. 601.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 270-72;  M. Palma, 'Castiglionchio, Lapo da', DBI 22 (1979) 40;  Enrico Spagnesi, 'Le allegazioni e i trattati di Lapo da Castiglionchio', Proceedings Washington DC 2004 (Città del Vaticano 2008) 897-931; Antica possessione con belli costumi:  Due giornate di studi su Lapo da Castiglionchio il Vecchio, ed. F. Sunza (Firenze 2005); Thomas Frank, 'Spätmittelalterliche Hospitalreformen und Kanonistik', Reti Medievali - Rivista  11 (2010) url: <http://www.rivista.retimedievali.it/  My thanks to Thomas Frank for information to update this entry.
 
 


 
 
Lapus Tactus (occasionally Podiebonizus; also: Tuctus; known as Lapus Florentinus), fl. mid-14th century, was a Camaldolese monk and abbot of San Miniato (Florence) around 1360. Zabarella seems to have made extensive use of his commentary on the Clementines.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super Sexto, Early Printed Edition: Rome 1589; MANUSCRIPT: Königsberg (Kaliningrad), Universitätsbibl. 128, fol. 1-106.

2. Lectura super Clementinas, MANUSCRIPT: Königsberg (Kaliningrad), Universitätsbibl. 128, fols.106-53.

3. Additiones ad tractatum Frederici de Senis De permutationibus beneficiorum, MANUSCRIPT: Königsberg (Kaliningrad), Universitätsbibl. 109 and 128.

LITERATURE: F.Rubod, `Lapus Tactus', DDC 6 (1957) 344. Schulte, QL II 238-39.
 
 
 
 

Laurentius de Mantua, canonist only known by an abbreviation of the Decretum and the Decretals.

TEXTS: Abbreuiatio decretalium et decreti, MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 18226.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 392
 
 
 
 

Laurentius de Parasolis, canonist only known by a single work.

TEXTS: Recollecta in ius canonicum, MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 3627 and lat. 3628.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 392
 
 
 
 

Laurentius de Pinu (the elder), from Bologna, likely studied at Bologna, `Doctor decretalium' at Bologna from 1365 until his death in 1397/98. Among his students were Franciscus Zabarella and Laurentius de Ridolphis.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super Decretum, MANUSCRIPT: Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibl. 109.

2. Reportatio super Clementinis

3. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Milan 1491 (with Consilia of Johannes Calderinus)

4. Tractatus de iuribus incorporalibus ex dictis Innocentii et aliorum canonistarum, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2660.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 263.
 
 
 
 

Laurentius de Polonia. Nothing is known about this canonist other than that he wrote a work on the Decretum.

TEXTS: Memoriale decreti, MANUSCRIPTS: Klosterneuberg, Stiftsbibl. 96; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 00 [P.II.19]; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2167, fol. 1-27.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 136
 
 
 
 

Laurentius Pudericus, a cleric of Naples, wrote a work on the Deretum.

TEXTS: Breuiarium decreti

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 392.
 
 
 
 

Laurentius de Ridolfis (Lorenzo Ridolfi). Born 1362 or 1363 to a patrician Florentine family, Ridolfi studied canon law in Bologna under Laurentius de Pinu and Johannes de Fantutiis. Admitted doctor of canon law in September 1387, he lectured in Bologna for a year before returning to Florence in 1388, where he was appointed ordinarius of canon law in the university. He was among the most active members of the College of Doctors of Law, the body responsible for presenting and examining doctoral candidates, sponsoring some fifteen candidates for the doctorate in canon law between 1392 and 1438. Among the most influential figures in Florentine politics in the early fifteenth century, he was drawn Standard-Bearer of Justice, the Republic’s highest office, four times and regularly held other public offices. Often employed as a diplomat, he participated in embassies to various popes, the kings of Naples, the emperor Robert of Bavaria (who awarded him the title of Count Palatine), and other Italian city-states, such as Perugia,  Milan, Venice and Genoa. In 1409, he represented the Republic at the Council of Pisa and as ambassador to Alexander V. Ridolfi is best known for his treatise on usury (Tractatus de usuris). Completed in February 1404, it was the most influential study of usury and interest in the later Middle Ages. It also represented a decisive contribution to the controversies over usury and interest on government debt funds, and for this reason has attracted the attention of several modern historians. A leading Florentine jurist, Ridolfi managed a busy law practice, and several hundred of his consilia for private clients, law courts and public agencies survive. Ridolfi died in 1443 as governor of Pistoia.  [This entry and bibliography was written by Lawrin Armstrong]

 Texts:

 1. Tractatus de usuris

MANUSCRIPTS: Augsburg, Staats- und Stadtbibliothek, 20 Cod. Aug. 388, fols. 6r—87r. Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Fondo principale II, III, 366, fols. 1r—101v (formerly Magliabechiano xxix, 184) (autograph); Conventi Soppressi 1721, fols. 1r—102v. Florence, Biblioteca Medicea‑Laurenziana, Conventi Soppressi 264, fols. 56r—118v. Lucca, Biblioteca Capitolare Feliniana, 311, fols. 193r—249v. Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Clm 7580, fols. 216r—293r (incomplete, lacks Part 3, Question 5, Questio montis); Clm 26669, fols. 1r—84v (incomplete, lacks Part 3, Question 5, Questio montis). Padua, Biblioteca Civica, C M 391. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Nouvelles acquisitions latines 1802, fols. 1r‑88r. Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Ottoboniano lat. 3335, fols. i—iv, 1r—120v; Palatino lat. 788, fols. 61r—115r; Rossiano 685, fols. 272r—315v (incomplete, lacks part 3); Rossiano 1038, fols. 308r‑368r. Venice, Biblioteca dei Padri Redentoristi, 13, fols. 1r—96v. Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, 4139, fols. 71r—172r.

EDITIONS: Venice 1472; Pavia 1490 (incomplete, lacks Part 3); Pescia, 1490 (Hain 9884/87; 13958—59); Tractatus universi iuris VII (Rome 1584), fols. 15r—50r. L. Armstrong (2003) edits Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Fondo principale II, III, 366, fols. 5r—23r, 73r—87v, 101v.

2. Consilia

MANUSCRIPTS: Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Fondo principale II, III, 370 (formerly Magliabechiano xxix, 185) (Tertius liber consiliorum); Magliabechiano xxix, 172 (several consilia), Panciatichiano 138 (two consilia). Florence, Archivio di Stato, Arte dei Giudice 670 (sixteen consilia); Pareri dei Savi 2 (seven consilia); Pareri dei Savi 3 (three consilia). Messina, Università di Messina, Biblioteca della Facoltà di giurisprudenza, A.1 (consilia 1388—1398).

EDITIONS: F. Martino (1969) 339-52, prints consilium n.95 (de usuris), Messina, Università di Messina, Biblioteca della Facoltà di giurisprudenza, A.1, fols. 257r—260v.

3. Repertorium iuris

MANUSCRIPT: Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Magliabechiano xxix, 171

 4. Zibaldone

MANUSCRIPT: Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Panciatichiano 147

 5. Oratio

MANUSCRIPT: Florence. Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Magliabechiano vi, 134, fols. 10v—13v (speech for embassy to Boniface IX, 1392)

 

LITERATURE: Thomas Diplovatatius, Liber de claris iuris consultis, pars posterior, ed. Fritz Schultz, Hermann Kantorowicz and Giuseppe Rabotti, Studia Gratiana 10 (1968): 342—343. Vespasiano da Bisticci, Le vite, ed. Aulo Greco, 2 vols., 2: 131—137 (Florence 1970—1976). Cesare Guasti, ed., Commissioni di Rinaldo degli Albizzi per il comune di Firenze, 3 vols. (Florence, 1867—1873). Guido Carocci, La Famiglia dei Ridolfi di Piazza: Notizie storiche e genealogiche (Florence, 1889). Schulte, QL II 393—94. John T. Noonan, Jr., The Scholastic Analysis of Usury (Cambridge, MA, 1957). Lauro Martines, Lawyers and Statecraft in Renaissance Florence (Princeton, 1968). Frederico Martino,`Un “consilium” inedito in materia di usura di Lorenzo Ridolfi,’ Il diritto ecclesiastico 80 (1969): 335—52. Amleto Spicciani, ‘Un dibattito teologico sulle “prestanze” nella Firenze del XIV secolo,’ Aevum 49 (1975): 157-165; repr. in Capitale e interesse tra mercatura e povertà nei teologi e canonisti dei secoli XIII‑XV, 97—111 (Rome, 1990). Elio Conti, ed., Le ‘Consulte’ e ‘Pratiche’ della Repubblica fiorentina nel Quattrocento, vol. 1, 1401: Cancellierato di Coluccio Salutati, Università degli studi di Firenze, Fonti di storia medievale e umanistica (Florence, 1981). Winfried Trusen, ‘Die Anfänge öffentlicher Banken und das Zinsproblem: Kontroversen im Spätmittelalter,’ in Recht und Wirtschaft in Geschichte und Gegenwart: Festschrift für Johannes Bärmann zum 70. Geburtstag, ed. Marcus Lutter, Helmut Kollhosser and Winfried Trusen, 113—131 (Munich, 1975); repr. in Gelehrtes Recht im Mittelalter und in der frühen Neuzeit, 509—530 (Goldbach, 1997). Gene A. Brucker, The Civic World of Early Renaissance Florence (Princeton, 1977). Julius Kirshner, ‘Reading Bernardino’s Sermon on the Public Debt,’ in Atti del simposio internazionale cateriniano‑bernardiniano: Siena, 17—20 aprile 1980, ed. Domenico Maffei and Paolo Nardi, 547—622 (Siena, 1982). Federico Martino, ‘Umanisti, giuristi, uomini di stato a Firenze fra Trecento e Quattrocento: Lorenzo d’Antonio Ridolfi,’ in Studi in memoria di Mario Condorelli, 3 vols., 3: 179—200 (Milan, 1988). Umberto Santarelli, ‘ “Maxima fuit Florentiae altercatio”: l’usura e i montes,’ in Banchi pubblici, banchi privati e monti di pietà nell’Europa preindustriale: Amministrazione, tecniche operative e ruoli economici, Atti della società ligure di storia patria, n.s. 31, fasc. 1, 81—94 (Genoa, 1991). Vincenzo Colli, ‘I libri consiliorum: Note sulla formazione e diffusione delle raccolte di consilia dei giuristi dei secoli XIV—XV,’ in Consilia im späten Mittelalter: Zum historischen Aussagewert einer Quellengattung, ed. Ingrid Baumgärtner, 225—35 (Sigmaringen, 1995). Jonathan Davies, Florence and its University During the Early Renaissance, Education and Society in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, no. 8. (Leiden, Boston and Cologne, 1998). Lawrin Armstrong, ‘The Tractatus de materia montis of Lorenzo Ridolfi,’ in Proceedings of the Twelfth International Economic History Congress, Madrid, 1998, Session D: Recent Doctoral Research in Economic History, ed. Clara‑Eugenia Núñez, 15—23 (Madrid, 1998). Lawrin Armstrong, Usury and Public Debt in Early Renaissance Florence: Lorenzo Ridolfi on the ‘Monte Comune,’  Texts and Studies 144 (Toronto, 2003). Lawrin Armstrong, ‘La politica dell’usura nella Firenze del primo Rinascimento,’ forthcoming.

 

Laurus de Palazzolis, born in Fano around 1410. L. received his doctorate utriusque iuris and taught Roman and canon law in Padua through the mid-fifteenth century. He died there in 1465.

TEXTS: 1. De accusationibus (X 5.1), MANUSCRIPT: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. MS 687, fol. 235-82.

2. Super arbore Joannis andreae, MANUSCRIPT: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. MS 687, fol. 283-91.

3. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: B. Caepollae, Consilia criminalia (Venice 1555), n.43, 48; MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 6573, fol. 188r; Ravenna, Bibl. Classense, 450; Ravenna, Bibl. Classense 485, vol. iv, v, vii; Venice Bibl. Naz. Marciana lat. V 2 (2324).

4. Repetitiones

A. in c.i. de litis contestatione (VI.2.3), MANUSCRIPT: Augsburg, Staats- und Stadtbibl. 2o 326.

B. varie, MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 3627; Clm 3628.

5. De libellis diffamatoriis, MANUSCRIPT: Trier, Stadtbibl. 999/1130.

6. De successione masculorum exclusis per statutum, Early Printed Edition: Pavia 1487, 1495, 1500 (Hain 12271-73); Venice 1500; Asti 1518; Tractatus universi iuris II, fols.272r-83r; MANUSCRIPT: Lyons, Bibl. Municip. 385.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 269-74. Schulte, QL II 393.
 
 
 
 

Lelio Vercellese (XV century), taught canon law at Padua around 1450(?).

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 347.
 
 
 
 

Leonardo Piccioli (XV century) taught canon law at Padua in 1442.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 346, 352.
 
 
 
 

Liber Sextus: The official compilation of decretals and conciliar canons produced after the publication of the Decretales Gregorii IXpromulgated in 1298 by Pope Boniface VIII. Boniface had directed three canonists, Berengarius Fredoli, Guillelmus de Mandagout and Ricardus Petronius de Senis to select and edit the texts for this compilation, which is called the Sext because it is the supplement to the five books of the Decretales. The Sext is especially notable for the inclusion at the end of a series of eighty-eight regule iuris, and for Boniface's promulgation bull, Sacrosancte Romane Ecclesie, which declares that only the decretals and conciliar canons which were included were to have legal force.

Major commentaries on the Liber Sextus were written (after 1300) by the canonists, Alberico da Rosciate, Antonius de Butrio, Baldus de Ubaldis, Benedictus Capra, Bernardus Raimundi Maioricensis, Dominicus de Sancto Geminiano, Giovanni d'Anania, Guido de Baysio, Guilelmus de Monte Laudano, Jean de Bourbon, Jean da Sierck, Jesselin de Cassagnes, Johannes Andreae, Johannes Monachus, Johannes de Sancto Georgio, Lapus Tactus, Martinus Garatus Laudensis, Nicolaus de Tudeschis, Petrus de Ancharano, Petrus de Andlau, Petrus Bertrandus, Petrus Maurocenus and Philipus Franchus de Perusio.

EDITION: Emil Friedberg, ed. Corpus iuris Canonici, II (Leipzig 1879 [repr. ed. Graz 1959]) 929-1124. MANUSCRIPTS: (Not a Comprehensive list) Basel, Staatsbibl. C.V.19, fol. 1r-55r; Berlin (West), Preussischer Kulturbesitz lat. fol. 9, fol. 1r-120r; Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 279, fol. 105r-160r; Cambridge, Gonville and Caius Coll. 214 (=229), fol. 1r-117v; Lucca, Bibl. Capit. Felin. 144, fol. 1r-42r; New York, Hispanic Society of America B.2565, fol. 1r-53v; Oxford, Bodleian Libr. Rawlinson C.52, fol. 1r-96r; Paris, B.N. lat. 4054, fol. 1r-158v; lat. 4055, fol. 2r-131v; lat. 4068, fol. 1r-87r; lat. 4295A, fol. 145r-215r; lat. 16902, fol. 1r-70v; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2504, fol. 1r-129r; Vat. lat. 6055, fol. 1r-149v; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2150, fol. 1r-42v.

LITERATURE: Leonard Boyle, `Liber Sextus', NCE 8 (19XX) 696. Sten Gagnér, `Boniface VIII and Avicenna', Proceedings Boston (MIC C-1; Vatican City 1965) 261-79. Nicolaus Nilles, `Über den Titel der Dekretalensammlung Bonifaz' VIII.: Liber Sextus Decretalium Bonifacii PP. VIII.', AKKR 82 (1902) 427. Daniel Williman, `A Liber Sextus from the Bonifacian library: Vatican Borghese 7', BMCL 7 (1987) 103-08.
 
 
 
 
 
 

Lionello Brazolo (de Bradiolo) (XV century) taught canon law at Padua in 1483. L. left some Consilia

TEXTS: Consilia, MANUSCRIPT: Ravenna, Bibl. Classense 485, vol.iv, fol. 276v.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 343.
 
 
 
 

Lodrisio Crivelli, a Milanese born c. 1412, studied civil law and entered the service of the archbishop of Milan around 1432. In 1441, he became member of the legal faculty at Milan and was made doctor of canon law two years later. From there he moved on to a professorship forst at Pavia, lecturing on the Gregorian decretals (1444-46, 1447-48), then to Milan and to Ferrara (1449-52) to teach the canon law. His primary interest, however, seems to have been in rhetoric, since most of his writings are speeches and verses occasioned by political events of the day. In 1463, he fell in disgrace with the Sforza and fled to Rome to seek protection from Pope Pius II. He died some time after 1464.

TEXTS: Explanationes in libros decretalium (X 1-2; probably lost)

LITERATURE: F. Petrucci, `Crivelli, Lodrisio', DBI 31 (1985) 146-52.
 
 
 
 

Lorenzo Ridolfi (see Laurentius de Ridolphis)
 
 
 
 

Ludovico de Garsiis was a fifteenth century canonist who wrote a commentary on the legal circumstances of the treaty of Troyes c.1535

TEXTS: Allegationes, EDITION: U. Plancher, `Examen de la question si le Duc de Bourgogne pourrait faire sa paix particulaire avec le Roi de France', Histoire générale et particulière de Bourgogne(Dijon 1739-81) 4.cli-clvii.

LITERATURE: Thomas Izbicki, `The Canonists and the Treaty of Troyes', Proceedings Salamanca (MIC C-6; Vatican City 1980) 425-34.
 
 
 
 

Ludovico Malizia, prior of St. Benedetto in Padua, then abbot of St. Maria di Praglia, was teaching in Padua around 1440.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 352.
 
 
 
 

Ludovicus Bologninus was born at Bologna in 1446 and studied law under Alexander Tartagni and Andrea Barbazza. He received the doctorate in civil law in 1469, in canon law in 1470, whereupon he held his first lectures on the Sext and the Clementines. In 1473, he went to Ferrara to teach on the Digest for five years, until he returned to his hometown to accept important offices in the communal government. Besides, he continued his academic activities and was consistorial advocate of the pope in absentia. From 1501-05, he worked predominantly at Florence, then again at Bologna. Although was once again mentioned as a teacher of the Decretals in the curriculum of 1507-08, he appears to have already departed for France by November 1507, to serve in his new function as Bolognese ambassador. He died upon his return a year later, at Florence.

TEXTS: 1. Tabulae brevis ad facile inueniendum omnes textus, Early Printed Edition: Bologna 1486 (Hain 3442)

2. Repertorium aureum in rubricas decretalium, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1488 (Hain 3441)

3. Syllogianthon siue Collectio florum in Decretum, Early Printed Edition: Bologna 1486 (Hain 3439); Bologna 1496 Hain (3440)

4. Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: Bologna, Bibl. comm. 1417, fol. 212v-213r; Gubbio, Archivio di casa Beni; Early Printed Edition: Bologna 1499 (Hain 3447); Venice s.l. (Hain 3457).

7. Tractatus de indulgentiis, Early Printed Edition: Bologna 1489 (Hain 3443)

8. Tabula Comsiliorum Abbatis Panormitani, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1474; Ferrara 1475; Cologne 1477.

LITERATURE: A. Adversi, `Gli scritti canonistici di Ludovico Bolognini', SG 8 (1962) 611-35. S. Caprioli, `Bolognini, Ludovico (Bologninus, de Bologninis)', DBI 11 (1969) 337-52. Schulte, QL II 345-48.
 
 
 
 

Lodovicus Pontanus (Romanus), born about 1409 in Cerreto di Spoleto. He studied in Perugia with Giovanni Montesperelli († 1464) and Angelo Perigli († 1447) and later in Bologna with Giovanni da Imola. He received his licence in civil law in Bologna on the 9th October 1427 and doctorate in both laws in Bologna on the 22th December 1429. From October 1428 to June 1431 he taught civil law at Florence. Then he became judge of the Rota Romana, consistorial advocate and professor of the Studium Romanum; later he also held the position of  Apostolic protonotary (October 1435). From October 1433 to April 1436, he was professor for civil law in Siena. Then he entered into the service of King Alfonso V of Aragon and Sicily. From December 1436, he was ambassador from Aragon at the Council of Basel. In April 1438, he became ambassador of the Council  to Duke Amadeo VIII of Savoy (the later pope Felix V) and from July to October 1438 he was ambassador of the Council to the archbishop of Cologne, Dietrich of Moers, the city and the university of Cologne, the duke of Burgundy, Philip the Good, and the University of Leuven. Pontano died on the 11th July 1439 of the plague. He is buried in the charterhouse of Basel.

TEXTS:

1. Lecturae in civil law:

a) Lectura … in primam Codicis partem … [C. 2.1 - 2.10], Lugduni 1547.

b) Lectura … super secunda parte Codicis … [C. 6.9 – 6.50], Pavia 1496, Lugduni 1547.

c) Lectura … primam Digesti veteris partem [Dig. 1.21 – 5.4], Lugduni 1547.

d) Lectura … super secunda parte Digesti veteris [Dig. 12.1-12.6], Lugduni 1547.

e) Lectura … super prima parte Infortiati … [Dig. 24.3 – 29.5], Lugduni 1547.

f) Lectura … in secundam Infortiati partem … [Dig. 36.1], Lugduni 1547.

g) Lectura … super prima parte digesti novi … [Dig. 39.1 – 42.1], Pavia 1496, Lugduni 1547, Venetiis 1553, 1580,

h) Lectura … super secunda parte digesti novi … [Dig. 45.1], Lugduni 1547.

2. Repetitiones

a) Repetitio ad aut(enticam) Similiter, de relictis ad pias causas (C. 6.50), Early Printed Editions: Pavia 1483, 1489 (Hain 13281-82).

b) Repetitio ad l. Si vero § De viro ff. Soluto matrimonio (Dig. 24.3.64.9), Early Printed Editions: Siena 1494 (Hain 13284), Pavia 1506, 1511.

c) Repetitio de arbitris, Early Printed Editions: Rom 1475, Pavia 1493, 1496.

3. Singularia, Early Printed Editions: Hain 13265-13272

4. Consilia et Allegationes, Early Printed Editions: (Hain 13274-13278).

5. Numerous conciliarist tracts ad speeches, contained in manuscripts.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 395; Pompeo Falcone, Ludovico Pontano e sua attività al Concilio di Basilea 1436-1439 (Spoleto 1934); Charles Lefebvre, 'Pontanus, Ludovicus',  DDC 7.22f.; Kisch, Guido, Enea Silvio Piccolomini und die Jurisprudenz (Basel 1967) 77-80; Paolo Nardi, Mariano Sozzini giureconsulto senese del Quattrocento (Quaderni di Studi senesi 32; Mailand 1974);  Johannes Helmrath, Das Basler Konzil 1431-1445: Forschungsstand und Probleme (Kölner Historische Abhandlungen 32; Köln 1987); Jonathan Davies, Florence and its University during the Early Renaissance (Education and Society in the Middle Ages and Renaissance 8; Leiden-Boston 1998); Otto Vervaart, 'Vita brevis, opera multa: Ludovicus Pontanus de Roma (1409 – 1439), a Profilic Writer', Rechtsgeschichte(n)? Histoire(s) du droit? Storia/storie del diritto? Legal histori(es)? Europäisches Forum Junger Rechtshistorikerinnen und Rechtshistoriker. Zürich 28.-30. Mai 1999, ed.  Verein Junger Rechtshistorikerinnen Zürich (Rechtshistorische Reihe 220;  Frankfurt am Main-New York 2000) 165-175; Peter Denley, Commune and Studio in Late Medieval and Renaissance Siena (Centro interuniversitario per la storia università italiane, Studi 7; Bologna 2006)

The entry on Ludovicus Pontanus was written by Thomas Woelki, Humboldt Universität Berlin

 


 
 
 
 

Marchesino de Reggio, a Franciscan, composed a confessional guide (ca. 1315) which for a long time was believed to be a work of St. Bonaventure. For that reason, scholars have provided a modern edition of it.

TEXT: Confessionale, EDITION: S. Bonaventura, Opera 7 (Vatican City) 48.

LITERATURE: P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 55-56.
 
 
 
 

Marco Caravello (XV century), taught in Padua c. 1430.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 351.
 
 
 
 

Marco Zacchi (XV century) canonist and civilian, seems to have taught canon law at Patavia 1424, and 1426-27. No canon-law work has been attributed to him.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 276-277.
 
 
 
 

Marianus Socinus was born in Siena in 1401. M. studied law in his native city under Nicolaus de Tudeschis, and in Padua. M. began his teaching career in Padua and then returned to Siena where he taught from then on (ca. 1427). His sons Bartholomaeus and Alexander were also canonists. M. died in Siena in 1467.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura in Decretales, Early Printed Editions: Parma 1574 (on X 5, part ii).

2. Tractatus de oblationibus, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris XIV (Venice 1584).

3. Tractatus de obligationibus, Early Printed Editions: Pisa 1486; Mailand 1493 (Hain 14852).

4. Tractatus de instantia, Early Printed Editions: Lucca 1491; Mailand 1493 (Hain 14855).

5. Tractatus de citationibus, MANUSCRIPT: Pisa 1490 (Hain 14857).

6. Tractatus de foro competenti, de libelli oblatione et de mutuis petitionibus, Early Printed Edition: Milan 1494 (Hain 14858).

7. Tractatus de litis contestatione, Early Printed Edition: Siena 1492 (Hain 14865).

8. Tractatus de sortibus, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. Reg. lat. 1272, fol. 1r-37r.

9. Repetitiones

A. in c. fraternitatis, de testibus (X 2.20.17), Early Printed Editions: Pisa 1489; Siena 1495 (Hain 14862).

B. contra sententiam sanguinis clericorum, super materia irregularitatis, MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Kap. 1133, fol. 289r-328v.

C. in c. Quoniam frequentes, ut lite non contestate, Early Printed Edition: Siena 1491.

D. in c. Inter dilectos, tit. de excessibus prelatorum, MANUSCRIPT: Madrid, B.N. lat. 2209.

E. in t. de prugatione canonica, MANUSCRIPT: Madrid, B.N. lat. 2141.

F. in t. de homicidio voluntario, MANUSCRIPT: Madrid, B.N. lat. 735.

10. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Zurich 1516; Lyons 1525, 1529 (together with consilia of Bartolomeo, his son); MANUSCRIPTS: Florence, Bibl. Rcc. 1186, fol. 1r-21v; Vatican City, Vat. Ottob. lat. 1727, fol. 26r-27v, lat. 1726, fol. 14r-147r, fol. 168r-173r.

LITERATURE: P. Nardi, Mariano Sozzini, giureconsulto senese del Quattrocento (Quaderni di `Studi Senesi' t. 32, Milano 1974). R. Naz, `Marianus Socinus', DDC 6 811. Schulte, QL II 319-20. J.A. Tedeschi, `Notes toward a Geneology of the Sozzini family', Italian Reformation Studies in honor of Laelius Socinus, ed. J.A.Tedeschi (U.d. Siena, Collana di Studi `Pietro Rossi' N.S. 4: Florence 1965) 275-311.
 
 
 
 

Marino Zabarella (d. 1427) may have taught canon and/or civil law at Padua up to 1427.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 345, 350.
 
 
 
 

Martín de Galos was professor of canon law at Salamanca and author of a work on clerics living in concubinage, which early modern printers attributed to Alfonso de Madrigal. He later became bishop of Coria (1420-36).

TEXT: Tractatus contra sacerdotes concubinarios

EDITIONS: In the Opera omnia 20 of Alfonso de Madrigal (El Tostado), ed. Venice 1529, fol. 2r-9v = Opera omnia 12 (Cologne 1613) 58-71; MANUSCRIPTS: Sevilla, Cab. 5-5-27 and 5-5-23.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 5 (Salamanca) 354-56.
 
 
 
 

Martín Pérez wrote a confessional treatise in Catalan, completed sometime between 1305 and 1317. It became very popular and circulated also in a Portugese version.

TEXT: Libro de las Confesiones, MANUSCRIPTS: León, S. Isidoro 23, fols. 14r-129v (first part); 21, fols.2r-219v (second part); Madrid, BN lat. lat. 9264, fol. 1r-138v (first part, fragment); Sevilla, Bibl. del Cab. 7-7-2, fols. 77r-240v (third part), 7-4-3, fol. 2r-137v (third part). Portugese version: Lisbon, Bibl. Alcobac. ccli/377, fols. 1r-92v; cclii/378, fols. 1r-104v; cclxxiva/213, fols.126v-141r (fragment, ed. M. Martins, O Penitencial de Martín Perez em Medievo Português [Lisbon 1957]).

LITERATURE: A. García y García and J. Múgica, `O "Ibro de las Confesiones" de Martín Pérez', Itinerarium 20 (1974) 137-51. A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias eclesiasticas de España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 382; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 240-41; idem, Estudios sobre la canonistica portuguesa medieval (Madrid 1976) 127-33, 201-17.
 
 
 
 

Martin de Zalba (1337-1403), bishop of Pamplona and later cardinal, is said to have written a commentary on Gratian's Decretum, which is cited by Egidius de Bellamera (d. 1407) in his commentary of the Gregorian decretals. He also compiled an extensive documentation on questions related to the the Great Schism.

TEXT: Commentaria in Decretum ?

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 232, 238; idem, `La canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias eclesiasticas de España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 383-84. J. Goñi Gaztambide, `Los obispos de Pamplona en el s. xiv. El Cardenal Martín de Zalba (1337-1403)', El Príncipe de Viana 23 (1962) 309-81. J. Rius Serra, `El Cardenal Zalba', Hispania 4 (1955) 211-43.
 
 
 
 

Martinus Garatus Laudensis first appears as a doctor of civil law at the University of Pavia in 1430. He lectured there on Roman law at least for the years 1439-46, before went on to Siena (1446-48). His consilia indicate that he was often consulted as one of the leading jurists in Northern Italy. Other stations in his teaching career were Bologna (1148-49), where most of his works in canon law were written, Parma (1450) and Ferrara (1450-53). He died, probably at Bologna, in 1453.

TEXTS: 1. Glosses on Liber sextus, MANUSCRIPT: Paris, Bibl. Maz. 1335 (in the margins of the Lectura by Dominicus de Sancto Geminiano).

2. Tractatus (for more details concerning EDITIONS and MANUSCRIPTS, cf. I. Baumgärtner (1986) 338-50)

A. de cardinalibus (100 quaestiones), EDITION: G. Rondini-Soldi (1973) 54-86.

B. de principibus, EDITION: G. Rondini-Soldi (1968) 79-194.

C) de canonizatione sanctorum, EDITION: D. Maffei (1988) 593-603.

D. de bello

E. de legatis principum

F. de castellanis

G. de concilio et eius auctoritate

H. de pace et confederationibus

I. de conscientia

K. de consiliariis

L. de crimine lese maiestatis

M. de dignitate

N. de fisco

O. de legitimatione

P. de milite

Q. de moneta

R. de officialibus

S. de ordininbus ecclesiasticis

T. de potestate imperatoris

U. de primogenitura

V. de privilegio et rescripto

W. de represaliis

Early Printed Editions: Milan 1494; Pavia 1506; Paris 1513; Lyons 1530.

4. Consilia (for more details concerning EDITIONS and MANUSCRIPTS, cf. I. Baumgärtner (1986) 338-50), Early Printed Edition: Novara 1568; Frankfurt 1575; Consilia sive responsa ad causas ultimarum voluntatum 2 (Venice 1581); MANUSCRIPTS: Padua, Bibl. Univ. MS Prov. 275, fol. 205r-206r; Ravenna, Bibl. Class. 485, vol.10; Vatican City, Vat. Ottob. lat. 1726, fol. 188r-189v; Vat. lat. 5773, fol. vi-vii; Vat. Urb. lat. 1132, fol. 328r-v; Vat. Patetta 205, fol. 12r-14r.

LITERATURE: I. Baumgärtner, Martinus Garatus Laudensis:  Ein italienischer Rechtsgelehrter des 15. Jahrhunderts (Cologne - Vienna 1986); idem, `Consilia - Quellen zur Familie in Krise und Kontinuität', in: P. J. Schuler (ed.), Die Familie als sozialer und historischer Verband (Sigmaringen 1987) 43-66. L. Frati, `Martino de Garati da Lodi', Archivio storico lombardo 6 (1919) 322-25. Thomas Izbicki, `Problems of Attribution in the Tractatus Universi Iuris (Venice 1584)', Studi Senesi 92 3rd Series 29 (1980) 479-93. D. Maffei, `Il trattato di Martino Garati per la canonizzazione di San Bernardino da Siena', Studi senesi 37, suppl. II (1988) 580-603. G. Rondini-Soldi, Il Tractatus de principibus di Martinus Garati da Lodi (Milan 1968); idem, Per la storia del cardinalato nel secolo XV (Milan 1973). Schulte, QL II 395-96.
 
 
 
 

Martinus Martini, from the Iberian peninsula, wrote, around 1300, a commentary on the Gregorian decretals called Candelabrum iuris. He was a 'capellanus commensalis' in the entourage of Cardinal Mateo Orsini.  He died in 1305.  Martinus had also been canon at the chapter of Toledo. He may further be identical with a Martinus Martini mentioned in a will drafted at Salamanca in 1270.  A forerunner of the Candelabrum seems to be another work of the same title in Paris, B.N. lat. 18227.   Peter Linehan has supplied information about Martinus.

TEXT: Candelabrum iuris, MANUSCRIPTS: Madrid, BN 11970, fols. 1ra-235r; Toledo, Bibl. del Cab. 28-1, fol. 1r-314r, 28-2, fols. 1r-200v.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, Estudios sobre la canonistica portuguesa medieval (Madrid 1976) 123-26; idem, `La canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias eclesiasticas de España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 379-81.
 
 
 
 

Matteo da Narni was professor of canon law at Florence in 1350 and served as vicar of the Florentine bishop six years later.

TEXTS: Consilium (see Guido Boucianni).

LITERATURE: M. Ascheri, `Analecta consiliare manoscritte (1185-1254)', BMCL 15 (1985) 61-94.
 
 
 
 

Mattheus Cracoviensis, studied theology at Prague, taught at Paris, and eventually returned to Bohemia to serve as the royal chancellor. King Ruprecht (1400-1410) made him Bishop of Worms in 1405, where Mattheus died in 1410. He composed a treatise on contracts, and more importantly, a work on confession.

TEXTS: 1. De modo confitendi, MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Theol. 106; Gdansk F.133, F.135, F.171, F.221, F.292, Q.27, Q.151l; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 549; Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibl. 358, 386, 419; Paris, B.N. lat. 10703; lat. 10706; lat. 10708; Prague, Chapt. D.5, D.6.

2. De contractibus, MANUSCRIPTS:

LITERATURE: P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 79-80. Schulte, QL II 396. T. Sommerlad, Matthäus von Krakau (Halle 1891).
 
 
 
 

Mattheus Romanus (Mattheus angeli Johannis Cinthii), fourteenth century. . M. was a canon of St. Chrysogono and studied under Johannes Andreae and Guido de Baysio at Bologna, prior to 1304. He later taught law in Rome. His apparatus on the Clementines (ca. 1320) is older than that of Johannes Andreae.

TEXTS: Lectura super Clementinis, MANUSCRIPT: Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye 29.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 239-41.
 
 
 
 

Matthias Iwannus de Prussia. German canonist of the mid-fifteenth century. A Decretum-commentary, completed in 1471, exists in a manuscript in Prague.

TEXTS: Lectura in Decretum Gratiani (on part II), MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Univ. knihovna VIII.A.5.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 317.

Magister Maximus. A Dominican known only through his commentary on Clement V's decretal, Dudum a Bonifacio [Clem. 3.72], which he wrote ca. 1378 in Freiburg im Breisgau. The name may be a pseudonym. The commentary was probably meant for use in Dominican schools.

TEXT: Questio super Clementinam c. Dudum a Bonifacio, MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 14698, fol. 150ra-162vb. Edition: Eric H. Reiter, 'A Late Fourteenth-Century Dominican Defense of Mendicant Confessional Authority: The Super Clementinam of "Magister Maximus",' Archivum Fratrum Praedicatorum, to appear.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 3 (Rome 1980) 132-33.

Information provided by Eric. H. Reiter, Concordia University, Montreal

Michael Angrianus, from Bologna. He was a Carmelite monk. M. was made vicar of his order by pope Urban VI and died in 1416.

TEXTS:1. Tabula decreti

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 396-97.

Michael de Leone (14th century)

TEXTS: 1. De priuilegiis, exemptionibus, prerogatiuis et iuris presertim iudiciariae libertatis cleri, MANUSCRIPT: Würzburg, Universitätsbibl. Mp. m. f. 6.

2. De licentia etiam clericis a iure indulta uindicandi et procedendi contra offensores et fures ac spoliatores, MANUSCRIPT: Würzburg, Universitätsbibl. Mp. m. f. 6.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 397.
 
 
 
 

Michel Carcano, a Franciscan from Milan, wrote glosses to a consilium on usury by Angelus da Castro.

TEXTS: Apostille, LITERATURE: P. C. Boeren, `Les "Apostillae" de Michel Carcano de Milan, O. F. M., au "Consilium de usuris" d'Ange de Castro', Archivum franciscanum historicum 63 (1970) 174-80.
 
 
 
 

Michele Morosini (XV century), a Venetian, may have been teaching canon law and/or civil law in Padua c. 1427.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 345, 350.
 
 
 
 

Nicasius de Voerda; born in 1440 near Mechlen, studied and taught law in Cologne. N. died in 1492. N. wrote a number of theological works and as well as a work on the Arbor consanguinitatis of Johannes Andreae.

TEXTS: Arborum trium consanguinitatis affinitatis cognationis spiritualis lectura, Early Printed Edition: Cologne 1502, 1503, 1505, 1506.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 397.
 
   
 

Niccoló Canal, born in Venice in 1415, received the doctorate in Padua in utroque iuris and began teaching there in 1439. No work has been attributed to him.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 326.
 
 
   

Niccolò da Spilimbergo, canonist studied at Pavia, taught law there with Alessandr da Nevo. Then N. moved to Padua. No work has been attributed to him.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 281.
 
   
 

Niccolò degli Ubaldis

TEXTS: Tractatus de successionibus ab intestato, Early printed editions: Rome 1471; Rome 1473 and others: [Hain 15890-15897]

LITERATURE:
 
   

Nicolás Eymérich was born at Gerona, ca.1320, where he joined the Dominicans in 1334. He taught theology at Barcelona in 1351-52. The kings of Aragón made him repeatedly Inquisitor General (until 1392). He died in his native town in 1399.

TEXTS: 1. Tractatus de censuris ecclesiastics

2. Directorium officii inquisitorum, Early Printed Editions: Sevilla 1500; Barcelona 1503; Rome 1570, 1575, 1578, 1585, 1587; Venice 1595, 1607.

3. Responsio de renuntiatione papatui, MANUSCRIPTS: Avignon, Bibl. Munic. 321; Paris, B.N. lat. 8975, fol. 147-54.

LITERATURE: A.García y García, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 243. T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 3 (Rome 1980) 156-65. L. Sala Molins, Nicolau Eymerich et Francisco Peña. Le manuel des inquisiteurs. Introduction, traduction et notes (Paris - The Hague 1973).
 
  
 

Nicolaus Andreae, born in Chieti, was a doctor decretorum and wrote a work on elections (c.1314-16).

TEXTS: Liber de informatione electorum, MANUSCRIPT: Vienna, Schottenstift I.E c.12 f.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 398.
  
 
 

Nicolaus de Anesiaco (XIV century) was a Dominican born in Anesiac (Ennezat) in the Auvergne. Studied in Paris and was a member of the Dominician order (fl.1307-21).

TEXTS: 1. Tabule

A. Decreti

B. Decretalium Gregorii IX et Sexti

C. Clementinarum

MANUSCRIPTS: Only those offering all parts of the Tabule are given here; for a full list of copies, see T. Kaeppeli (1980) 141-43: Amiens, Bibl. munic. 383; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Class.92, fol. 199-315; Basel, Universitätsbibl. A.viii.28, fol. 195-341; Graz, Universitätsbibl. 1489; Kraków, Jag. 329; Munich, Clm 9657, fol. 1-102; Paris, B.N. nouv. acq. lat. 770, fol. 25v-129v; Pelplin, Bibl. Sem.74, fol. 1-54v; Reims, Bibl. de la ville 748; Rein 28; Stuttgart, Landesbibl. HB.vi.131, fol. 86-160, 180-193; Uppsala, Univ. C.582, fpl. 1-19v, 32-52; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5709; Vendôme, Bibl. munic.90; Vienna, Dominikanerkl.27/27, fol. 139-236; Wroclaw, Uniw. ii.Q.15, fol. 1-42v.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 3 (Rome 1980) 141-43. Schulte, QL II 231-32.
 
   
 

Nicolaus de Anglia was a master at the Dominican convent of Padua in 1402.

TEXT: Questio disputata, EDITION: J. Kirshner, AFP 40 (1970) 66-72.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 3 (Rome 1980) 143. J. Kirshner, `The moral theology of public finance. A study and edition of Nicholas de Anglia's Quaestio disputata on the public debt of Venice', AFP 40 (1970) 47-72.
 
   
 

Nicolaus de Ausimo (Auximanus), a Franciscan, was the author of a complementary work (finished in 1444) to the Pisanella, the successful confessional that Bartholomeus de Chaimis had composed almost a century earlier. Nicolaus updated it according to the more recent canonical legislation, also including regular references to the Summa confessorum of Johannes of Freiburg. His enlarged version almost completely superseded the original Pisanella. There was furthermore a collection of penitential canons circulating under his name. However, as Nicolaus admitted in a prologue, he had simply copied it from the Summa of Astesanus (Book 5, ch.32).

TEXTS: 1. Supplementum, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1473 (twice), 1474, 1476, 1477, 1479, 1481, 1482, 1483, 1485, 1489; Genua 1474; Nürnberg 1475, 1478; Milan 1479; Cologne 1479, 1483; Reutlingen 1482; Vercelli 1485 (Hain 2149-72); Lyons 1519; Paris 1623, 1642.

2. Canones penitentiales ex summa Astesana excerpti, Early Printed Editions: Hain 4360-63, 15445-46; Venice 1584, 1585; also as an appendix to the Decretum Gratiani, ed. Rome 1578.

LITERATURE: J. Dietterle, `Die "Summae confessorum (sive de casibus conscientiae)" von Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 27 (1906) 183-88. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 62-64. R. Naz, `Nicolas d'Osimo, ab Ausmo ou ab Auximano', DDC 6 (1957) 1009-10. J. Sbaralea, Supplementum ad scriptores trium ordinum S. Francisci II (Rome 1921) 266-68. Schulte, QL II 535-37
 
   
 

Nicolaus Capellanus. Only known as the author of a Margarita which exists in a Paris manuscript. His work is an abbreviation of the Margarita of Bernardus Compostellanus junior and Baldus.

TEXTS: Summa margaritae super Innocentiam, MAUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 8025.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 397-98.
 
  
 

Nicolaus Capocius Romanus (perhaps to be identified with Nicolaus Cappellanus and/or Nicolaus de Tuberto). This canonist is mentioned in Johannes Andreae's additiones to the Speculum of William Duranti (de accusat. § sequitur uidere s.v. Quid), and by Albericus de Rosate Statut. P.IV q.39, 45, and 89), and by Diplovatatius (f.219). He was a Roman and a cardinal at some point during Albericus's working life. Diplovatatius identified him with Nicolaus de Tuberto.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 397-98
   
 
 

Nicolaus de Colle Corvino was member of the Dominican of Naples in 1337. He wrote an abbreviation of Gratian's Decretum in alphabetical order.

TEXT: Corvina super Decretum Gratiani, MANUSCRIPTS: Basel, Universitätsbibl. C.ii.12; Rome, Conv. S. Clemente 6; Salamanca, Univ. 2476; Stuttgart, Landesbibl. HB vi.93a.b; Vatican City, Arch. S. Pietro A.28.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 3 (Rome 1980) 153.
 
   
 

Nicolaus Cusanus (Nicholas of Cusa, of Cues, Nikolaus von Kues) born 1401 in Kues on the Moselle. N. studied law at Padua 1417-23, promoted to doctor decretorum in 1423. Therafter, N. taught canon law briefly at Cologne. From 1425, N. was serving as the secretary to the Archbishop of Trier. He refused appointment as a professor of canon law at the University of Löwen in 1428 and again in 1435. When the see of Trier fell vacant in 1429, N. supported the claim of Ulrich of Manderscheid against the papal choice, Hrabanus of Helmstedt. In 1430, N. carried the fight to the Council of Basel. Although N. was not able to prevail, he became a major figure at the council. N. proposed approaches to the Hussites which were adopted by the Council. At first, N. supported the council against the Pope, but as dissent and rancor grew and the opportunity for reunification with the Orthodox church presented itself, N. switched his support to the pope. He was one of three commissioners sent to Constantinople to negotiate in 1437. N. was elevated to the Cardinalate in 1448. In 1451 he travelled through Germany as a papal legate on a misssion to reform churches. In 1452, N. was made bishop of Bressanone. For the next twelve years, he attempted to liberate the diocese from the domination of Duke Sigismund. On two occasions the dispute erupted into violence which forced N. to flee to Rome. On August 11, 1464, as N. was returning from his second flight he fell ill and died in the city of Todi.

Nicolaus Cusanus was primarily a philosopher and theologian. Nevertheless, he was trained as a canon law jurist, was employed as such and briefly taught canon law in Cologne. N.'s library includes a manuscript of glosses on Book II of the Decretales of Gregory IX by his teacher Prosdocimo Conti which has marginal glosses by N. himself. His De concordantia catholica is more a work of philosophy than of law, but many of its arguments and authorities are canonistic in origin. N. also wrote, during his involvement with Basliean conciliarism, a few sermons or tractatus on the authority of the council and the pope which have a signifigant canon law content. In addition to these identified works, Kenneth Pennington reports that manuscripts of the Decretum and the Decretales in the library at Kues contain a substantial number of marginal glosses written by Nicolaus himself.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura in Decretales Gregorii Noni (Liber II) Prosdocimi Conti cum glossis Nicolai, Bernkastel-Kues, Sankt-Nikolaus-Hospital, Cusanus-Stiftsbibl. 220, fol. 152r-276v.

2. De concordantia catholica

3. De potestate pape et concilii

LITERATURE: Niccolò Cusano agli inizi del mondo moderno: Atti del congresso internazionale in occasione del V centenario della morte, Bressanone 6-10 Settembre 1964 (Facoltà di Magistero dell'Univ. di Padova 12: Florence 1970). N. Grass, `Cusanus als Rechtshistoriker, Quellenkritiker und Jurist. Skizzen und Fragmente', in Cusanus-Gedächtnisschrift (Innsbruck-Munich 1970) 101-210. H. Hallauer, `Nikolaus von Kues und das Chorherrenstift Neustift', Festschrift Nicholas Grass I, 309. A. Krchnák, `Die kanonistischen Aufzeichnungen des Nikolaus von Kues in Cod. Cus. 220 als Mitschrift einer Vorlesung seines Paduaner Lehrers Prosdocimus de Comitibus', Mitteilungen und Forschungsbeiträge der Cusanus-Gesellschaft 2 (1962) 67-84. Erich Meuthen, `Nikolaus von Kues und der Laie in der Kirche', HJ 81 (1962) 101-22; idem, Nikolaus von Kues 1401-64. Skizze einer Biographie (Münster 1964). P. Sambin, `Nicolò da Cusa, studente a Padova e abitante nella casa di Prosdocimo Conti suo maestro', Quaderni per la storia dell'Università di Padova 12 (1979) 141-45. Hans Gerhard Senger, `Nikolaus von Kues', DLMA 6 (1987) 1093-1113. Paul Sigmund, Nicholas of Cusa and medieval political thought (Cambridge MA. 1963). Morimichi Watanabe, The political ideas of Nicholas of Cusa(Geneva 1963); idem, `The episcopal election of 1430 in Trier and Nicholas of Cusa', Church History 39 (1970) 299-316; idem, `Authority and consent in Church governement: Panormitanus, Aeneas Sylvius, Cusanus', Journal of the History of Ideas 33 (1972) 177-202. Rudolf Weigand, Review of M. Watanabe, political ideas, Archiv für katholisches Kirchenrecht 133 (1964) 262-65; AHP 3 (1965) 459.
 
   
 

Nicolaus de Dinkelsbühl (1360-1433) studied the liberal arts and theology in Vienna and eventually became a professor in both faculties (since 1385), where he continued to teach until ca.1431. Besides several theological, political and moral works, he also wrote a penitential treatise which had some bearing on matters of canon law.

TEXTS: De tribus partibus penitentie, Early Printed Editions: Strasbourg 1516; MANUSCRIPTS: Einsiedeln, Stiftsbibl. 214; Karlsruhe, Landesbibl. 92, 93; Klagenfurt, Stiftsbibl. XXXI.b.13; Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibl. 341, 370, 371, 416, 426; Paris, Bibl. Maz. 903; Prague, Univ. knihovna I.C.15, III.C.4; Sélestat, Bibl. Munic. 63, 82; Strasbourg, Univ. 22, 28, 36.

LITERATURE: P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 79. Schulte, QL II 399.
 
   
 

Nicolaus de Metis (late 14th century). Nothing is known other than that he left a work on the Decretum which is related to the Rosarium of Guido de Baysio and exists in a manuscript in Erfurt.

TEXTS: Repertorium in Decretum, MANUSCRIPT: Erfurt, Stadtbibl. 188 f.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 400.
 
   
 

Nicolaus de Tuberto (perhaps to be identified with Nicolaus Capocius and/or Nicolaus Capocius). According to Diplovatatius, this Nicolaus wrote Consilia.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 398.
 
   
 

Nicolaus de Tudeschis (Panormitanus, Abbas siculus, Abbas Modernus) (1386-1445) N. was the last great canonist in the medieval tradition. Born 1386 in Catania, Sicily, N. studied canon law in Bologna and Padua. N. called Franciscus Zabarella his master, and also studied under Antonius de Butrio. N. Began teaching canon law in Bologna in 1412; but that same year he moved on to Parma where he taught until 1418. In that year N. moved again to Siena where he taught until 1430. Among his students from this period were Marianus Socinus. In 1421 he was named Auditor generalis of the Camera Apostolica. In 1424, N. participated in the abortive council of Sienna. N. had entered the Benedictine order in his youth and in 1425 became the abbot of the monastery of St. Maria de Maniaco in Messina. In 1431, N. began lecturing in Bologna.

In 1433 N. was sent as a delegate by Pope Eugenius IV to the Council of Basel; however, when he was confronted with the anti-conciliar position enunciated in the spurious bull, Deus novit, he joined the conciliar party against the pope. Although his canonistic works betray an essentially papalist orientation, as the conflict between the Council and the Pope heated up, Panormitanus crafted legal arguments strongly favoring the authority of the council against the Pope. In 1434, with the support of Alfonso V, King of Aragon and Sicily, N. was elected Archbishop of Palermo. During the years 1436-39, N. represented Alfonso at Basel. In 1440, he was named Cardinal by the antipope Felix V, and was sent back to Basel by Alfonso where he remained until 1443. In that year N. left Basel for the last time and returned to Sicily. N. died in Palermo in 1445 of plague.

As a canonist, Nicolas tried to integrate theological learning into jurisprudence; and so, for example, his incomplete work on the Decretum includes a discussion of Aquinas and natural law. He wrote large Lectura on the Decretales, the Liber Sext, and the the Clementines, a small work on the Decretum, a number of Consilia, and a series of Questiones, Repetitiones and Disputationes, as well as a work, Flores utriusque iuris, on the Council of Basel. He seems also to have written a manual on procedure.    For a detailed discussion of his life and works, click here.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura in Decretales (completed ca. 1436), Early Printed Editions: Venice 1473, 1476, 1477, 1482-83, 1484, 1492-93; Basel 1477, 1480-81; Rome 1480; Nürnberg 1485-86. Nicolaus did not write on the section X 1.9.6 to X 1.28. In the printed editions, this gap is sometimes left blank, sometimes filled in with the gloss of Antonius de Butrio, and in a few cases filled in with an apparatus from an unknown jurist which has been falsly (and deliberately) attributed to Nicolaus (see Pennington, `Panormitanus' Lectura'); MANUSCRIPT: Breslau, Universiätsbibl. II.F.51 (books 4 and 5); Prague, Kap. J.4 (ends at X 2.18.3); J.56; Göttweig, Stiftsbibl. 418; Berlin, Staatsbibl. Lat. fol. 164; Munich, Clm 5322; Clm 5473; Clm 5474; Clm 6534-37; Clm 6553-54; Laon, Bibl. Munic. 369; Lectura in decretales, Venice 1582 published on CD Rom: Nicholaus de Tudeschis (Abbas Panormitanus) Commentaria in Decretales Gregorii IX et in Clementinas Epistolas (Edizioni Informatiche, Roma: Il Cigno Galileo Galilei, 2000).

2. Lectura in Sextum, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1479 (Hain 12335)

3. Lectura in Clementinas, Early Printed Editions: Cologne 1474, Rome 1474, Cologne 1477, Cologne 1480, Venice 1488, Venice 1490, Venice 1496 (Hain 12336-12342); MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 6604; lat. 8303; lat. 8456; St. Omer, Bibl. Munic. 512; Cologne, Jes. Gymnas. 173.  Lectura in Clementinas, Venice 1582 published on CD Rom: Nicholaus de Tudeschis (Abbas Panormitanus) Commentaria in Decretales Gregorii IX et in Clementinas Epistolas (Edizioni Informatiche, Roma: Il Cigno Galileo Galilei, 2000).

4. Commentaria ad Decretum (begun 8 December 1436), MANUSCRIPT: Lucca, Bibl. Capit. Feliniania 160, fol. 250v-263v.

5. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1474, Ferrara 1475, [no location] 1475, Venice 1480, Venice 1496 (Hain 12343-12353, 12361).

6. Repetitiones, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1474, [no location] 1490 (Hain 12354-12358).

7. Disputationes, Early Printed Editions: (Hain 12354-12358, 12361).

8. Flores utriusque iuris, Early Printed Editions: Cologne 1500 (Hain 12371).

9. Ordo iudiciarius, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1488 (two editions)

10. Tractatus de concilio Basiliensi (a sermon given in the Frankfurt Reichstag in 1442 which defended Basliean conciliarism. This work sometimes appears with N.'s Consilia), EDITION: Deutsche Reichstagakten xvi, 438-538; Monumenta conciliorum generalium seculi xv.

LITERATURE: Kenneth Pennington, <Nicholaus de Tudeschis (Panormitanus)',  Niccolò Tedeschi (Abbas Panormitanus) e i suoi Commentaria in Decretales, ed. Orazio Condorelli (Roma: Il Cigno Galileo Galilei, 2000) 9-36 Also published on CD Rom: Nicholaus de Tudeschis (Abbas Panormitanus) Commentaria in Decretales Gregorii IX et in Clementinas Epistolas (Edizioni Informatiche, Roma: Il Cigno Galileo Galilei, 2000);  Antony J. Black, `The political ideas of conciliarism and papalism', JEH 20 (1969) 47-50; idem, `Panormitanus on the Decretum', Traditio 26 (1970) 440-44; idem, Monarchy and Community (Cambridge: 1981). F. Brandileone, `Notizie su Graziano e su Niccolo de Tudeschis tratte da una cronaca inedita', Studi e Memorie per la storia dell'Università di Bologna 1 (1909) 9-21. R.W. Clement, `A Newly discovered Fifteenth-Century Manuscript of the Lectura of Niccolo de Tudeschis', Manuscripta 29 (1985) 24-29. J. Fleury, `Le conciliarisme des canonistes au Concile de Bâle d'apres le Panormitain', Mélanges Roger Sécrétan (Lausanne 1964) 47-66. E.F.Jacob, `Panormitanus and the Council of Basel', Proceedings Stasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 205-16. Charles Lefebvre, `L'enseignement de Nicolas de Tudeschis et l'autorité pontificale', Ephemerides Iuris Canonici 14 (1959); idem, `Panormitain', DDC 6 (1957) 1195-1215. Knut Wolfgang Nörr, Kirche und Konzil bei Nicholas de Tudeschis (Forschungen zur Kirchlichen Rechtsgeschichte und zum Kirchenrecht 4: Böhlau 1964). Kenneth Pennington, `Panormitanus's Lectura on the Decretals of Gregory IX.', Fälschungen im Mittelalter: Internationaler Kongreß der Monumenta Germaniæ Historica München. 16.-19. September 1986: Gefälschte Rechtstexte: Der bestrafte Fälscher. Schriften der Monumenta Germaniæ Historica 33. 1-6, Volume 2. Hannover: Hahnsche Buchhandlung, 1988: 363-373. Schulte, QL II 312-13. Hermann Schüssler, Der Primat der heiligen Schrift als theologisches und kanonistisches Problem im Spätmittelalter (1977) 172-224. J. Schweizer, Nicolaus de'Tudeschis...seine Tätigkeit am Basler Konzil (Strasbourg 1924). Morimichi Watanabe, `Authority and consent in Church governement: Panormitanus, Aeneas Sylvius, Cusanus', Journal of the History of Ideas 33 (1972) 217-36. R. Zeno, `Niccolo Tudisco ed un nuovo contributo alla storia del Concilio di Basilea', Archivo Storico per la Sicilia orientale (1908).
 
 
   

Octavantes Florentinus appears as the vicar of the Bolognese bishop in 1278, and as a lecturer on the Decretum from 1305-1307.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 174.
 
   
 

Oldradus de Ponte (de Laude) Little is known of this jurist. He was likely from Lodi and studied in Bologna with Jacobus de Arena and the civilian Dinus. Before 1307 Oldradus served as an assessor in Bologna and he may have taught Roman law there. In 1307, Oldradus moved to Padua where he taught Roman law until early in 1311. Johannes Andrea records having held public disputations with him in Padua. Among Oldradus's students were Albericus de Rosate and perhaps Bartolus. A manuscript at Cornell University which contains consilia from a number of jurists who taught at Perugia includes a single consilium of Oldradus. This is in harmony with Oldradus having been a teacher of Bartolus who studied at Perugia and suggests that Oldradus may have taught briefly there. Diplovatatius claimed that Oldradus taught law at Sienna and Montpellier, based on an account in a Tractatus de commemmoratione attributed to Baldus de Ubaldis. This work remains a mystery and thus Diplovatatius's claim must be treated with skepticism. Evidence from a charter at Lérida suggests that Oldradus may have given lectures there. In 1311, Oldradus went to the papal court in Avignon as the protege of Peter Cardinal Colonna. Oldradus served as an auditor and judge in the Rota at Avignon for the rest of his life. It is likely that he also taught in the law school in Avignon. It is thought that Oldradus exercised a considerable influence over the legal business and politics of the curia. The traditional date of his death is usually stated as 1335; however, Thomas Fastolf wrote that Oldradus was debating cases in the Rota in 1336/1337 and evidence from his consilia indicates that he was alive as late as 1343.

Oldradus wrote several hundred consilia which display a most penetrating and creative legal mind. Two of his consilia (#43 and #69 in the Vulgate series) seem to have been used as the basis for Clement V's decretal Pastoralis cura, in which the Pope repudiated the claims of the Emperor Henry VII to cite King Robert of Naples for rebellion.

Oldradus was one of the first canonists not only to write a large number of consilia on actual legal problems, but also to collect them. His consilia collection helped to establish this genre as the principal form of legal discourse in the Later Middle ages.

TEXTS: Consilia et Quaestiones, MANUSCRIPTS: Barcelona, Ripoll. 16; Basel, öffentliche Bibliothek der Universität Basel, C.III.14; Bologna, Bibl. Albornoziana del Collegio di Spagna, 27, fol. 145-153; Bologna, Bibl. Albornoziana del Collegio di Spagna, 83; Bologna, Bibl. Albornoziana del Collegio di Spagna, 207; Bordeaux, Bibl. de la Ville 404, fol. 4v-168v; Dresden, Sächsische Landesbibl. B.87, fol. 209-235v (begins as Clm. 5463); Eichstätt, Universitätsbibl. 502; Florence, Bibl. Naz. Centrale Magliabecchi XXIX 174; Graz, 59, fol. 261-280v; Hannover, SB Mag. 53; Lawrence Kansas, Kenneth Spencer Research Libr. MS G18; Kues, St. Nikolaus-Hospital Cusanusstiftsbibl. 277; Lucca, Bibl. Capit. Felin. Curia Arcivescovile 301; Lucca, Bibl. Capit. Felin. Curia Arcivescovile 415, fol. 1-174; Mantua, Biblioteca Civica 653; Metz, 75 (1469); Munich, Clm 3638; Clm 5463; Oxford, New College 217, fol. 171-351; Paris, B.N.F. lat. 4276 A; Paris, B.N.F. lat. 14335, fol. 7- ; Pistoia, Biblioteca Forteguerriana, A. 40, fol. 18v, 21; Private Possession (Antiquariat Keip, Frankfurt) MS 1987 (264 consilia; Rome, Bibl. Angelica 275, fol. 167-70; Rovigo, Biblioteca comunale e concordiana C. Silv. 485; Salamanca, Bibl. Univ. 594 and 2467; Strängnäs, Kathedralbibl. F. mai. 2; Torino, BN H.I.9, fol. 1-178; Tübingen, Universitätsbibl. 17; Uppsala, C.537, fol. 225r-334v; Uppsala, C.545, fol. 1r-198v; Venice, BNB Marc. lat. V 117, fol. 35-36; Vatican City, Vat. lat 2642, fol. 133; Vat. lat. 2653 (1426); Vat. lat. 8068, fol. 107, 188v; Vat. Ross. lat. 1096 (early 15th cent.); Vat. Urb. lat. 1132, fol. 142; Zaragoza 62-9; Zeitz, Stiftsbibl. (antea 27) (1409) fol. 2-157v. Consilia not in the collections: Cornell University, Olin Libr. MS k5++ Consilia legalia pp. 101-103: `Consueuit dubitari an dicens alicui uerbum iniuriosum ... bene udes et omnes diuersitates'. Early Printed Editions: Rome: Adam Rot Metensis 1472 (Hain 9932), 264 consilia; Rome 1476 (Hain 9933), 274 consilia; Rome 1478 (Hain 9934) and all later editions, 333 consilia; [Basel]: Eberhard Frommholt 1481 (Hain 9935); Venice: Bernardinus de Tridino 1490 (Hain 9936); Bologna: Ugo de Rugeriis 1495 (Hain 9937); Venice: Bernardinus de Tridino 1499 (Hain 9938). DISCUSSION:The total number of Oldradus's consilia is not certain. The manuscripts which contain them have no more than 274 consilia; however, most of the printed editions contain 333 consilia. The difference is made up, according to the editor of the earliest such edition (Rome 1478), out of consilia culled from other books. Whether these consilia were written by Oldradus or not remains in doubt. The manuscripts themselves present the consilia in three different series. Most manuscripts follow a series from 1-264, sometimes with ten consilia added at the end (Munich, Clm 3638 and Vat. Ross. lat. 1096 for example). All the printed editions follow this series, but most of these have a further addition of fifty-nine consilia at the end, bringing the total to 333. Only one of these fifty-nine added consilia have been found in any manuscript. The single exception is #276 which is simply a repetion of #239. A second series, which is present in Clm 5463 and partially in Dresden B.87, is complete with 223 consilia. This series is most probably an earlier collection since all the 220 consilia are included in the Vulgate Series, and because the consilia in this series make very few references to the Clementines. The other consilia in the Vulgate Series make many more allegations to the Clementines. A third exists in a manuscript in private possession (Antiquariat Keip, Frankfurt MS 1987) which contains 264 consilia. This series is clearly related to the Vulgate Series also since it keeps the same sequence in certain segments (thus VS #2-44 = Keip #158-199 and VS #179-257 = Keip #69-147); but whether it precedes or derives from the Vulgate series is not clear. It certainly is not directly related to the series of Clm 5463 since the third series has consilia which are not in the earlier series, and lacks any common sequences of consilia which are not also in the Vulgate Series. Additionally, it is not known whether there are a signifigant number of Oldradus's consilia which circulated apart from his own collection. Much work remains to be done.

LITERATURE: Luigi Anfosso, `Oldrado da Ponte e le sue opere', Archivio storico lodigiano 32 (1913), fasc.3. Ingrid Baumgärtner, `Et faciendi plures libros nullus est finis. Der Sinn von Büchern oder der Bildungshorizont eines spätmittelalterlichen Juristen', Universität und Bildung. Festschrift für Laetitia Böhm zum 60. Geburtstag, ed. W. Müller, W. Smolka, H. Zedelmaier (Munich 1991) 55-70. Francesco Migliorino, `Alchimia lecita e illecita nel trecento: Oldrado da Ponte', Quaderni Medievali 11 (1981) 6-41. Karl Mommsen, `Oldradus de Ponte als Gutachter für das Kloster Allerheiligen in Schaffenhausen', ZRG Kan. Abt. 62 (1976) 173-93. William Stalls, `Jewish conversion to Islam; The perspective of a quaestio', Revista española de Teologia 43 (1983) 235-51. Eduard Will, Die Gutachten des Oldradus de Ponte zum Prozeß Heinrichs VII. gegen Robert von Neapel (Abhandlungen zur mittleren und neueren Geschichte 65: Berlin-Leipzig 1917). Norman Zacour, Jews and Saracens in the Consilia of Oldradus de Ponte (Pontifical Institute Studies and Texts 100: Toronto 1990).  Brendan McManus, 'The Consilia and Quaestiones of Oldradus de Ponte', BMCL 23 (1999) 85-113; Chiara Valsecchi,  Oldrado da Ponte e i suoi Consilia: Un’auctoritas del primo trecento (Università degli Studi di Milano, Biocca, Facoltà di Giurisprudenza, 6. Milano: Giuffrè Editore, 2000)
 
   
 

Ottonello Pasini (teaching in Padua around 1448?)

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 323.
 
   
 

Pacifico de Novara, born in 1420, entered the Franciscan order in 1445. He is the author of a confessional manual, Summa pacifica, written in Italian. He died in 1482.

TEXTS: Summa pacifica, Early Printed Editions: Milan 1479, Brescia 1497 (Hain 12229, 15183); Venice 1501, 1506, 1509, 1513, 1518, 1535, 1563, 1574, 1579, 1581.

LITERATURE: P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 75-76. J. Sbaralea, Supplementum ad scriptores trium ordinum S. Francisci II (Rome 1921) 302.
 
 
 
 

Palmericus de Casulis was doctor decretorum by 1290. Taught canon law at Bologna 1297. In 1303, his brothers were banished from Bologna as members of the Parte Ghibellina. His own name appears in the Bolognese records until 1308. It is known that he wrote quaestiones or disputationes which were used by Johannes Andreae.

TEXTS: Quaestiones, MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. P.II.23; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853; Wroclaw, Univ. II.F.53.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 169-70.
 
 
 
 

Panormitanus (see Nicholas de Tudeschis)
 
 
 
 

Paulus de Aretio (d'Arezzo), born in Florence c.1400, studied law at Padua c.1425. Teaching there 1430-31.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super primo libro decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6594.

2. Lectura super IV librum decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Eichstätt, Universitätsbibl. 486.

3. Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: Ravenna, Bibl. Classense 484; Ravenna, Bibl. Classense 485, vol. vii, ix; Venice, Bibl. Naz. Marciana lat. V 2 (2324)

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 282-83. P.Sambin, `Giuristi padovani del Quattrocento tra attività universitaria e attività pubblica: Paolo d'Arezzo (+1443) e i suoi libri', in Università e società nei secoli XII-XVI. Atti del nono Convegno internazionale di studio tenuto a Pistoia nei giorni 20-25 settembre 1979 (Pistoia) 367-97. Schulte, QL II 300.
 
 
 
 

Paulus Cittadinus was born in Milan, taught law in Pavia and became there rector of the Castillian college. From 1495 until 1506, P. taught civil law in Freiburg. He was still alive in 1514.

TEXTS: De iure patronatus, EDITION: Frankfurt 1603.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 341-42.
 
 
 
 

Paulus de Doctis (Dotti) was professor of canon law in Padua from 1422-48. He died after 1455.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura in librum II decretalium, tit. de iudiciis (X 2.1), MANUSCRIPTS: Eichstätt, Universitätsbibl. 486, fol. 41-165.

2. Repetitio in c. `Raynuntius' tit. de testamentis (X 3.26.16), MANUSCRIPT: Eichstätt, Universitätsbibl. 486, fol. 171-192.

3. Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: Ravenna, Bibl. Classense 485, vol. iii, v, vii; Venice, Bibl. Naz. Marciana lat. V 2 (2324).

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 292-94, 323. Schulte, QL II 400-01.
 
 
 
 

Paulus Florentinus was professor of theology at Rome during the pontificate of Innocent (VII?).

TEXTS: Breuiarium Decretalium, Sexti et Clementinarum, Early Printed Editions: Milan 1478, 1479; Lyons 1484; Memmingen 1486, 1499; Basel 1487 (Hain 7158-63).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 401.
 
 
 
 

Paulus de Liazariis (de Cospis). Born likely in last decade of 13th century. Taught canon law at Bologna from 1321. He was a student and disciple of Johannes Andreae. In 1325, D. left Bologna to teach in Perugia until 1333, when he returned to Bologna. In 1338, P. headed a legation to Pope Benedict XII in Avignon. P.'s most important student was Johannes de Legnano. P. died in 1356 in Bologna.

TEXTS: 1. Epitome Clementinarum

2. Lectura super Clementinis, MANUSCRIPTS: Deene Park (Corby, Northamptonshire, England), Libr. of G.L.T. Brudenell, xviii.A.2, fol. 5r-119r; Hereford, Cathed. O.viii.5, fol. 1r-87r; Oxford, Bodleian Libr. lat. misc. b.20/1-2. fol. 5r-119r; Oxford, Exeter Coll. Libr. 17, fol. 174r-245v; Oxford, New Coll. Libr. 180, fol. 131r-190v; Paris, B.N. lat. 4102, fol. 1r-69v; lat. 4136 (part 3 - 60 folios); Salisbury, Cathed. Libr. 31, fol. 1r-51r.

3. Apostilla in Clementinas, MANUSCRIPTS: Kaliningrad, Universitätsbibl. 174, fol. 54r-58v.

4. Repititiones super aliquot capita decretalium, Early Printed Editions: Sens 1493; Venice 1496; Florence 1496.

5. Questiones, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1496.

6. Divisio decreti (for an edition see G. Rossi, `Per la storia...parti'.)

7. Practica de Electione, MANUSCRIPT: Paris B.N. MS lat. 4030.

8. Tractatus de causa possessionis et proprietatis

9. Consilia

LITERATURE: R.Chabanne, `Paulus de Liazariis', DDC 6 (1957) 1276-77. G. Rossi, `Per la storia della divisione del "Decretum Gratiani" e delle sue parti', Il diritto ecclesiastico 67 (1956) 201-311. Schulte, QL II 246-47.
 
 
 
 

Paulus Peluzii, named as a `decretorum doctor' in a consilium in a miscellaneous collection of consilia from the fourteenth century in a manuscript at Cornell University. The manuscript seems to be limited to works by Perugian jurists, suggesting that this canonist taught there.

TEXTS: Cornell University, Olin Libr. MS K5++, pp. 124-48.

LITERATURE:
 
 
 
 

Paulus Presbyter de Sancto Nicolao (in Passau), wrote a confessional work (14th c.):

TEXTS: Quoniam circa confessionem periculs sunt animarum et difficultates, MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bib. Munic. 381; Prague, Univ. knihovna III. D. 13; Munich, Clm 3238; Clm 4586; Clm 4782a; Clm 3409; Lambach, Stiftsbibl. 134.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 531-32.
 
 
 
 

Paulus Rypen was a Dominican lecturer at Leipzig around 1400.

TEXT: Tractatus de penitentia et confessione, MANUSCRIPT: Ceský Krumlov, Mus. M.9, fol. 1-168.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 3 (Rome 1980) 208.
 
 
 
 

Paulus Vladimiri

TEXTS:

LITERATURE: S.Belch, Paulus Vladimiri and his doctrine concerning International law and politics, 2 vols. (The Hague 1965). J.W.Wos, `Le opere di Paulus Wladimiri', Rivista di filosofia neo-scolastico62 (1970) 173-75; idem, `De potestate pape et imperatoris apud Paulus Wladimiri contributo alla conoscenza di un personaggio che fu presente al concilio di Pisa del 1409', Bolletino storico Pisano39 (1970) 55-67.
 
 
 
 

Paulus Wann, a well known canon and Dominican preacher living in Passau in the 1460's. P. wrote a confessional work.

TEXTS: Confessionale, MANUSCRIPTS: Lambach, Stiftsbibl. 56, 222, 223, 328, 461.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 529.
 
 
 
 

Pedro Gómez Barroso (1320/21-1374) is the author of a penitential work in Catalan.

TEXT: Confesional, MANUSCRIPT; Escorial, iv.11, fols. 1r-114r.

LITERATURE: A.García y García, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 241.
 
 
 
 

Pedro Díaz de Costana is mentioned at the University of Salamanca between 1469 and 1479. He wrote a confessional treatise.

TEXT: Tractatus de confessione sacramentali, EDITION: Salamanca (1500?).

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias eclesiasticas de España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 384.
 
 
 
 

Pedro Fernández de Villegas, archdeacon of Burgos, wrote, among other things, a sacramental treatise that was published numerous times.

TEXT:1. Flosculus sacramentorum, EDITIONS: Burgos 1499, 1518, 1520, 1526, 1558 (put on the papal index); Paris 1510; Alcalá 1526, 1532, 1564; Viseu 1572; Coimbra 1589; also together with the Stella clericorum  that was at one time attributed to Petrus de Luna but is now thought to be a tract of the thirteenth century (see Eric H. Reiter): Zamora 1537; Zaragoza 1564.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias eclesiasticas de España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 385;  Eric H. Reiter, Stella clericorum: Edited from Wavreumont [Stavelot], Monastère St-Rémacle, MS. s.n. (Toronto Medieval Latin Texts, 23; Toronto: 1997).

Information on the Stella clericorum provided by Eric H. Reiter, Concordia University, Montreal
 
 
 
 

Petrus de Ancharano, born ca.1333 in Tuscany. Studied first Roman law at Perugia under Baldus and later Canon law at Bologna under Bartholomeus de Saliceto. He was a colleague of Zabarella and Antonius da Butrio. From 1384, P. embarked upon the sort of vagabond half-teaching, half-official career that was common in the later Middle Ages. In 1384 P. became a consultor for the city of Venice. He may have taught law intermittently at Padua from 1385-87. During 1387-90 he was teaching law in Sienna. He returned to Venice and remained here until at least 1392. From 1395 P. was teaching law in Bologna and was employed as a consultor by the city. In 1402 P. was called to a chair in canon law in Ferrara by Nicolo d'Este where he remained until 1405. P. then returned to Bologna. In 1409 he attended the Council of Pisa as a representative of the University of Bologna. He attended also the opening of the Council of Constance, but remained only a short time before returning to Bologna where he died in 1416. Among his students were Antonius da Butrio, Johannes de Imola, and Panormitanus.

TEXTS: 1. Commentaria in quinque libros Decretalium (X), Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1535-43.

2. Lectura super Sexto, Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1517.

3. Lectura super Clementinas, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1483, Milan 1494 (Hain 956-51)

4. Repetititiones, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1474, Rome 1475, Bologna 1475, Rome 1475, Bologna 1493, Venice 1493, Bologna 1498 Venice 1500 (Hain 948-55).

5. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1474, Venice 1490, Pavia 1496 (Hain 945-47)

6. Allegationes iuris pro concilio Pisano.

7. Disputatio de laico homicida qui effractis carceribus aufugiens se promoueri fecit ad sacerdotium,

LITERATURE: P. G. Caron, `Ancharano, Pietro (d')', NDI 1,1 (19XX) 615-16. Julius Kirshner, `A Quaestio de usuris falsely attributed to Bartolus of Sassoferrato', Renaissance Quarterly 22 (1969) 256-61. Charles Lefebvre and R. Chabanne, `Pierre d'Ancarano', DDC 6 (1957), 1464-1471. Schulte, QL II 278-82. J.Vincke, Schriftstücke zum Pisaner Konzil (Beiträge zur Kirchen- und Rechtsgeschichte).
 
 
 
 

Petrus de Andlau, born c.1420, studied canon law at Heidelberg (1438-43) and Padua (1443-44). Since 1460, at the opening of the University of Basel, he is mentioned as doctor dercetorum. He lectured there on the decretals as an extraordinary professor.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super Sexto et Clementinis, MANUSCRIPT: Basel, Universitätsbibl. C.II.28.

2. Libellus de caesarea monarchia, EDITION: J. Hürbin, `Der "Libellus de caesarea monarchia" von Hermann Peter aus Andlau', ZRG Germ. Abt. 12 (1891) 34-103, 13 (1892) 163-219.

LITERATURE: J. Hürbin, Peter von Andlau (Strassburg 1897). Helmut Walther, `Gelehrtes Recht, Stadt, und Reich in der politischen Theorie des Basler Kanonisten Peter von Andlau', Lebenslehren und Weltentwürfe im Übergang vom Mittelalter zur Neuzeit (Abhandlungen der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen - Philologisch-Historische Klasse, third series, no. 179: Göttingen 1989) 77-111.
 
 
 
 

Petrus Bagarottus, a Paduan, studied canon law at his home university, where he first appeared as a doctor and teacher of canon law in 1458. Since 1471, he held lectures on the Liber sextusand the Clementines. He died in 1482.

TEXTS: Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: Ravenna, Bibl. Class. 485

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 320. M. Caravale, `Bagarotto, Pietro', DBI 5 (1963) 174.
 
 
 
 

Petrus de Belluga (Pedro Belluga) (1390-1468?)

TEXTS: Speculum principis

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `El derecho en el "Speculum principis" de Belluga', AHDE 42 (1972) 189-216.
 
 
 
 

Petrus Bertrandus, born 1280 in Annonay near Vienne. Studied law at Orleans, Avignon, and theology at Montpellier, where he received doctorate in utroque iure in 1301 and became professor of canon law at Avignon. In 1307 he became professor in both laws at Montpellier. In 1312 he took up chairs in canon law in Paris and civil law in Orleans. P. also served as a pleader in the Parlement of Paris. He held a large number of ecclesiastical offices and performed various diplomatic missions for the papacy and the French monarchy. In 1320 he was named bishop of Nevers and in 1325 he became bishop of Autun. He participated in the so-called council of Vincennes, which was held from December 15, 1329 to January 7, 1330. At this council, P. defended the traditional interwoven but separate Church-State relationship against Pierre de Cugnièrs, who advocated a much stronger separation between Church and State, with the State holding the dominant position. In 1331 P. became cardinal bishop. He died in Pujault in 1349.

TEXTS: 1. Libellus super iurisdictione ecclesiastica et temporali et de earum connexione et dissentione ad invicem, MANUSCRIPT: Paris B.N. lat 2622, 4226, 4227, 4228 4357, 4388, 10402, 12184, (French 25207], fond Moreau 697 (incomplete); Bordeaux 406; Troyes 1475, Beauvais, MS du Tribunal civil; Vatican City, Vat. Reg. lat. 1123.

2. De jurisdictione ecllesiastica et saeculari, MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. Colbert. 2672.

3. De origine iurisdictionis

4. Apparatus Sexti libri Decretalium cum Clementinis, MANUSCRIPT: Paris B.N. lat. 4085; Paris, B.N. Colb. 241, 241, 446; Reims, Bibl. Munic. 737.

4. Tabula super Decretum, MANUSCRIPTS: Tours, Bibl. Munic. 563, 599.

5. Scrinium utriusque iuris, MANUSCRIPT: Reims, Bibl. Munic. 756-759.

LITERATURE: M.Déruelle, `Bertrand (Pierre)', DDC 2 (1937) 789-92. Paul Fournier, `Le Cardinal Pierre Bertrand, Canoniste', HLF 37 (1936-38) 85-120. Schulte, QL II 235-36. Olivier Martin, `Note sur le "De origine iurisdictionum",' Melanges Fitting (1908) II, 104-19.
 
 
 
 

Petrus Boherius (Bohier), born c. 1310-15 near Carcassonne (Southern France), soon joined the Benedictines and studied canon law under Johannes Johannis, abbot of Joncels. In 1350, he was elected abbot of St. Chinian, near Béziers. He stayed there until 1364, playing a leading role in the provincial chapters of his order. Probably an outcome of these administrative activities, he wrote legal commentaries on several papal bulls affecting the Benedictines and, above all, his first commentary on the Rule of Benedict (1361). In 1364, Pope Urban V appointed him to the bishopric of Orvieto and simultaneously made him his vicar in Rome. In 1369, he also received the see of Vaison, but remained involved in papal affairs at Orvieto. Resuming his literary activities, he wrote a `Tabula' on Gratian's Decretum (c. 1367-71) and presented a revised version of his comment on the Benedictine Rule to the monks of Subiaco (c.1373-77). At the outbreak of the schism, Petrus first sided with the French cardinals, which led to the loss of his Italian diocese (1378/79) and the return to his native France. There he became the chaplain of King Charles VI who assigned to him the task of writing a history of the popes. He completed it in 1380, in the form of a gloss on the Liber pontificalis. While working at it, he came to realize that Urban VI had a better claim to the papacy than his Avignonese opponent. Consequently, he returned to Italy in 1386, to submit to him. He died in winter, 1387-88.

TEXTS: 1. Commentary on `Summi magistri'(1336), Early Printed Edition: Benedictina seu Benedicti XII pontificis maximi constitutio cum commentario Petri Boherii (Paris 1519)

MANUSCRIPTS: see under 2.

2. Commentaries on `Dudum pro bono'(1340), `Pastor bonus'(1335), and `Cum pro reformatione'(1228), MANUSCRIPTS: Melk, Stiftsbibl. 149; Mantua, Bibl. Est. C.V.1, fol. 1-55.

3. Commentary on the Rule of St. Benedict, A. first recension: MANUSCRIPTS: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 155; Douai, Bibl. Munic. 379 both have appended an extended comment on Regula 38, s.v. `alicuius signi' by Bohier himself; for further copies, see U. Perovsky (ed.), SG 21.171-72, 178-84; B. second recension: EDITION: by L. Allodi, Petri Boherii in regulam S. Benedicti commentarium nunc primum editum (Subiaco 1908), on the basis of the autograph, MS Subiaco, S. Scolastica LIX.61.

4. Gloss on Speculum monachorum by Bernardus Casinensis, MANUSCRIPTS: Melk, Stiftsbibl. 149; Mantua, Bibl. Est. A.V.7, fol. 101-41 (in part); Vienna, ÖNB lat. 5135.

5. Tabula decreti, MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Univ. knihovna 1138, fol. 209-28v.

6. De canonica portione, MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Univ. knihovna 878, fol. 140v-45v.

LITERATURE: E. Petrucci, `Bohier, Pietro', DBI 11 (1969) 193-203. U. Prerovsky (ed.), Liber pontificalis nella recensione di Pietro Guglielmo OSB e del card. Pandolfo, glossato da Pietro Bohier OSB, vescovo di Orvieto, SG 21-23 (Rome 1978), esp. SG 21.133-371, SG 23. Schulte, QL II 256.
 
 
 
 

Petrus de Braco. born in Piacenza. (+before 1/14/1352). For most of his adult life, P. worked in the service of Etienne Aubert, professor of law at Toulouse, and a judge in the court of the senschal. He was an auditor sacri palatii. P. died just before his master was elected Pope Innocent VI (1352).

TEXTS: 1. Repertorium iuris canonici, MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. Munic. 322; Paris, B.N. lat. 4139.

2. Compendium iuris canonici, MANUSCRIPT; Tours, Bibl. Munic. MS 561.

3. Opusculum compendiosum (20 contrarietates between the Glossa ordinaria on the Decretum and Liber X)

4. Limitationes Innocentii [this was an attempt to bring Innocent IV's Commentaria up to date with material from the Liber Sextus and the Clementines]

5. Repudium ambitionis [a verse satire on the papal court]

LITERATURE: R.Chabanne, `Pierre de Braco', DDC 6 (1957), 1473. Schulte, QL, II, 262-63. Norman Zacour, `Petrus de Braco and his Repudium ambitionis', Medieval Studies 41 (1971) 1-29.
 
 
 
 

Petrus Crassus (15th century), bothing is known about this canonist other than that he left a repetitio.

TEXTS: Repetitio ad c. `Cum ad sedem', de restit. spol., Early Printed Edition: Pavia 1494 (Hain 5811).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 403.
 
 
 
 

Petrus de Hassia (14th century?). Nothing about this canonist is known other than that he wrote a work on ecclesiastical notaries

TEXTS: Summa notariae in foro ecclesiastico, MANUSCRIPT: Göttweig, Stiftsbibl. 183.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 403
 
 
 
 

Petrus Joannis was a canonist and professor at Salamanca in the final years of the 14th c. He wrote commentaries on the Gregorian Decretals (books 1, 2, and 4) and the Clementines.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super librum I, II, IV decretalium

2. Lectura super Clementinas

LITERATURE: A.García y García, `Los canonistas de la Universidad de Salamanca en los siglos XIV-XV', REDC 17 (1962) 175-90; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 239.
 
 
 
 

Petrus de Luna (see Benedict XIII)
 
 
 
 

Petrus Maurocenus (Pietro Morosini), born in Venice. P. first taught the Decretals in Padua, then he advanced through a series of ecclesiastical offices: apostolic protonotary, then Cardinal deacon by Gregory XII, and then served as a legate to Pope Martin V in Naples. He died in 1424 in Rome.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura in Sextum

2. Determinationes legum

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 344, 350. Schulte, QL II 403.
 
 
 
 

Petrus de Monte (see Pietro del Monte)
 
 
 
 

Petrus de la Palu, born in Bresse between 1270 and 1280, he died in 1342. He entered the Dominican order and studied theology and law at Toulouse in the early fourteenth century. Named as a master of theology there in 1314. Headed a commission investigating the Templars for Clement V. Also investigated charges of heresy against Pierre Olivi. In 1329, John XXII dispatched P. to Jerusalem. During the next three years he spent some time in Cyprus and also in Cairo, negotiating with the Sultan. He returned to Avignon in 1331. Took up pastoral duties in Guyenne until his death in 1342. His writings were all of a mixed theological-juridical nature.

TEXTS:

LITERATURE: R. Chabanne, `Pierre de la Palu', DDC 6 (1957) 1481-84.
 
 
 
 

Petrus Ravennas (Pietro Francesco Tommai, Thomasius Petrus Franciscus) was born at Ravenna after 1448. Studied under Alessandro Tartagni and then moved on to Padua. There he lectured on the Institutes and in 1472 was given the doctorate in utroque iuris. He taught, briefly it seems, in several other cities: Bologna, Pavia, Ferrara and Pistoia. At Padua, he undertook also the functions of an assessor to the Podestà. P. left Padua by 1497 for Germany. He was called to the new university at Greifswald by its founder, Duke Bogislav X of Pomerania. Taught Roman and canon law there until 1501 when an epidemic encouraged him to flee to Wittenburg. He remained at Wittenburg until 1516 when another outbreak of plague there forced P. to abandon Wittenburg for Köln. He died there in 1508.

TEXTS: 1. Alphabetum aureum, Early Printed Editions: Cologne 1508; Rouen 1508; Lyons 1511, 1517 (with additiones by Johannes de Gradibus).

2. Repetitio c. Inter alia, de Immun. eccles (X 3.49.6)

Early Printed Editions: Lübeck 1499 (Hain 13700); Leipzig 1505; Venice 1587; Lyons 1586.

3. Singulario iuris, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1478; Frankfurt 1596.

4. Compendium iuris canonici, Early Printed Edition: Wittenberg 1504; Cologne 1507; Paris 1521.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 300-02; J. Sbaralea, Supplementum ad scriptores trium ordinum S. Francisci II (Rome 1921) 358-61. Schulte, QL II 403-04.
 
 
 
 

Petrus de Stagno (Pierre d' Estaing) Taught law at Montpellier. Bishop of St. Flour 1361. Bishop of Bourges 1368. Rector of the Duchy of Spoleto 1369-70. Elevated to the cardinalate in 1370. Made Cardinal-bishop of Ostia in 1374. Died 1377 in Rome.

TEXTS: Reportationes super Clementinas

LITERATURE: Emile van Balbergue, `Le commentaire sur les Clémentines d'Etienne Troches et Pierre d'Estaing', RHE 66 (1971) 502-06. M.P. Fournier, `Notes complementaires', in Nouvelle revue historique de droit français et étrangér 43 (1919) 642-44. Schulte, QL II 201-02.
 
 
 
 

Petrus de Ubaldis (younger brother of Baldus de Ubaldis, born in Perugia probably in 1335). Studied law at Perugia, and perhaps Pisa) under Benedictus Capra and Franciscus de Tigrinis. Petrus taught canon law there until his death, with a brief hiatus as an advocate in the papal court at Avignon. Petrus himself said that he was the last of the Ubaldis brothers, thus he must have died sometime after 1400.

TEXTS: 1. De portione canonica, Early Printed Editions: see Hain 15904; MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Staatsbibliothek Clm 6603; Clm 7438.

2. De beneficiorum permutatione

3. De unione ecclesiarum, Early Printed Edition: see Hain 15905.

4. De electione et postulatione, MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Staatsbibliothek Clm 6603.

5. Consilia,

LITERATURE: R.Chabanne, `Petrus de Ubaldis', DDC, 6 (1957) 1455-60. Max Gutzwiller, `Aus den Anfangen des zwischenstaatlichen Erbrechts: Ein Gutachten des Petrus de Ubaldis im 1375', Zum schweizerischen Erbrechts, Festschrift zum 70 Geburtstag vom Prof. Dr. Pater Tuor (Zurich 1946) 145-78. O. Scalvanti, `Notizie e documenti sulla vita di Baldo, Angelo e Pietro degli Ubaldi' in L'Opera di Baldo per cura dell'Università di Perugia nel V centenario della morte del grande giureconsulto (Annali dell'Università di Perugia Facoltà di Giurisprudenza 10-11: Perugia 1901) 181-359. Schulte, QL II 277-78.
 
 
 
 

Petrus de Ubaldis (a relative of the Ubaldi family that produced three significant jurists, Angelus, Baldus, and Petrus). Little is known about this P. except that he taught at Perugia.

TEXTS: 1. Libellus de duobus fratribus, Early printed editions: [no location, no date]; Venice 1487; Venice 1490; Venice 1500: Hain 15898-15901.

2. Tractatus de societate, Early Printed Editions: Naples 1471 [Hain 15902]

3. Super canonica episcopali et parochiali. Early Printed Edition: [no location no date] [Hain 15904]

4. Tractatus de Unione ecclesiarum (Early Printed Edition: [no date no location]: Hain 15905)

LITERATURE: R.Chabanne, `Petrus de Ubaldis', DDC 6 (1957) 1460-61.
 
 
 
 

Philipus Decius (Mailand 1454-Siena 1536/1537). He began his studies in 1471 in Pavia, where he was taught civil by his brother Lancellottus, canon law by Giason del Maino and Giovanni dal Pozzo. He received his doctorate in utroque iure in Pisa in 1476 and there began his teaching career. From 1481 to 1487, except for a period in which he was auditor of the Roman Rota P. was teaching first canon law and then Roman law at Siena. Afterwards he was called back to Pisa where he taught until 1501. In 1502 he was professor of canon law at Padua, and in 1505 at Pavia. Because of his participation in the council of Pisa (1511-12) he was excommunicated by Pope Julius II. As result P. moved first to Piedmont and then to Valence, where he was a professor. During the pontificate of Leo X, who had been one of his students, P. was absolved. This allowed him to return to Italy, taking up teaching at Rome. He also served as a member of the Senate in Milan and curator at the university of Pavia. From 1517 to 1525 he was a professor in Pisa, and then in Siena, where he died in 1536/37.

TEXTS: 1. Commentaria in Decretales (X)

A. in I librum, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1522-1523.

B. in II librum, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1522/1523.

C. in tit. de postulatione prelatorum (X. 1.5), Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1527.

D. in tit. de electione (X. 1.6), Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1527.

E. in tit. de iudiciis (X. 2.1), Early Printed Edition: Pisa 1493/94.

F. in tit. de probationibus (X. 2.19), Early Printed Edition: Pisa 1493/94.

G. in tit. de testibus (X. 2.20, 21), Early Printed Editions: Venice 1523/1524; Lyons 1527.

H. in tit. de fide instrumentorum (X. 2.22), Early Printed Editions: Venice 1523/1524; Lyons 1527.

I. in tit. de praebendis (X. 3.5), Early Printed Editions: Venice 1523/1524; Lyons 1527.

K. in tit. de privilegis (X. 5.33)

2. Repetitio in c. i rubricae de probationibus (X. 2.19.1), Early Printed Edition: Pisa 1490.

3. Consilia

A. Consilium ad Francorum regis Ludovici requisitionem, Early Printed Edition: Pavia 1511.

B. Acta primi concilii Pisani, Early Printed Edition: Paris 1612.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 190-93. F. Gabotto, `Un giureconsulto milanese del Quattrocento: Filippo Decio', Conversazioni della domenica, anno II, n. 3, 16 gennaio 1887, 21-22. Roberto Naz, `Decius', DDC 4 (1949) 1059. Schulte, QL II 361-63.
 
 
 
 

Philippus Franchus de Franchis (see Philipus de Perusio)
 
 
 
 

Philipus Franchus de Perusio <de Franchis> Born in Perugia. Taught law there in 1461. Taught law in Ferrara in 1467. P. died in 1471 in Ferrara after being banished by his native city.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super sexto, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1499 (Hain 7314), 1504.

2. Lectura super titulo de regulis iuris in sexto, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1499 (Hain 7321).

3. Super rubrica de appellationibus, Early Printed Editions: Perugia (1477?); Siena 1488; Venice 1496; Pavia 1496 (Hain 7317-20).

4. Repetitio c. `Si pater de testamentis in VI', Early Printed Editions: Pavia 1489, 1500 (Hain 7315-16).

LITERATURE: Schulte QL II 342.
 
 
 
 

Pierre du Bois (see Petrus de Bosco)
 
 
 
 

Pierre d'Estaing (see Petrus de Stagno)
 
 
 
 

Pietro Bagarotti (b. first quarter of the fifteenth century (d.1482) was a canonist and probably also a civillian. He wrote at least one Consilium and lectured on the Clementines and the Sext in 1471, and 1481-82.

TEXTS:1. Consilium, MANUSCRIPT: Ravenna, Classense 485, vol. iv, fol. 72.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 320, 324. M. Caravale, `Bagarotto, Pietro', DBI 5 (1964) 174.
 
 
 
 

Pietro Can (d.Padova 1506) was teaching canon law in Pavia in 1495, moved to Padua in 1498. No works by this jurist are known.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 300.
 
 
 
 

Pietro Molin (XV century) taught civil and/or canon law at Padua in 1462.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 348-54.
 
 
 
 

Pietro del Monte, a Venetian born c. 1400-04, studied the laws at Padua under Prodocimo de Conti and Giovan Francesco di Capodilista. He received the doctorate in 1433. Although better known as a humanist and author of a letter collection, he earned his living as a jurist and churchman. He went to the council of Basel as a strong supporter of papal views, and later to England (1435-40) and France (1442-45) as a papal delegate. In 1442, he was nominated bishop of Brescia, but spent most of his time at the papal court. There he also wrote his chief legal work, a repertory on both laws (1453). He died at Rome in 1457.

TEXT: 1. Repertorium utriusque iuris, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1475; Rome 1476; Nürnberg 1476 (Hain 11588): Lyons 1480 (= Bologna 1475); Padua (= Rome 1476); MANUSCRIPTS: There are four versions of the prologue which have survived in an autograph (printed in synopsis by D. Quaglioni [1984] 131-64). First recension: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 4872, fol. 310r-19r, fol. 326r-331v (prologue and preparatory excerpts, ed. D. Quaglioni [1984] 165-80); second: Vat. lat. 373, fol. 111r-136r (prologue); third: Vat. lat. 2347-48 (prologue, ed. by D. Quaglioni [1984] 113-30, and Repertorium); fourth: Vat. lat. 2694, fol. 318ra-325rb; other copies: Lyons, Bibl. de la ville 392; Munich, Clm 3635; Padua, Bibl. Cap. D 7-9; Siena, Bibl. comm. H.IV 3-5; Wroclaw, Univ. II.F.95.

2. De potestate romani pontificis et generalis concilii, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 4136, fol. 48r-92v (autograph).

Early Printed Editions: Rome 1476 (Hain 11591); Lyons 1552

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professor giuristi 351-52. J. Haller, Piero da Monte. Ein Gelehrter und päpstlicher Beamter des 15. Jahrhunderts. Seine Briefsammlung (Rome 1941). T.M. Izbicki, `Petrus de Monte and Cyril of Alexandria', AHC 18 (1986) 293-300. A.G. Luciani, `Sul trattato "de potestate", di Pietro del Monte (Nota critica ed edizione del proemio', SDHI 53 (1987) 133-39. D. Quaglioni, `Pietro del Monte a Roma. La tradizione del `Repertorium utriusque iuris' (c.1453): Genesi de diffusione della letteratura giuridico-politica in éta umanistica (Studi e fonti per la storia dell'Università di Roma 3: Rome 1984); idem, `"Rex" e "tyrannus" nel "Repertorium" di Pietro del Monte (c. 1453)', Quaderni catanesi di studi classici e medievali 3 (1981) 425-48. Schulte, QL II 317-19. A. Sottili, `Studenti tedeschi e Umanesimo italiano nell'Università di Padova durante il Quattrocento', I `Pietro del Monte nella società accademica padovana (1430-1433), Padova 1971 (Contributi alla storia dell'Università di Padova 7). G. Tournoy, `Un nuovo testo del periodo padovano di Pietro del Monte', Quaderni per la storia dell'Universit di Padova 8 (1975) 67-72.
 
 
 
 

Pietro Morosini (see Petrus Maurocenus)
 
 
 
 

Pietro Francesco Tommai (see Petrus Ravennas)
 
 
 
 

Pius II (Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini) (d. Ancona 1458). In 1427 he was a student of Antonio Roselli in Siena.

LITERATURE: H. Diener, `Enea Silvio Piccolominis Weg von Basel nach Rom', Adel und Kirche: Gerd Tellenbach zum 65. Geburtstag...(Freiburg 1968) 516-33. D.Hay, M.K.Smith, edd. and trans. Aneas Silvius Piccolomini (Pius II): De gestis concilii Basiliensis Commentariorum Libri II (Oxford 1967). Guido Kisch, Enea Silvio Piccolomini und die Jurisprudenz. C. Lefebvre, `Le tribunal de la Rote Romaine et sa procédure au temps de Pio II', Enea Silvio Piccolomini Papa Pio II, D.Maffei, ed. (Siena 1968). P.Nardi, Enea Silvio Piccolomini, il cardinale Dominico Capranica e il giurista Tommaso Docci', RSDI 60 (1987) 195-203. A.A. Strnad, `Der "Jurist" Enea Silvio Piccolomini', RHM 12 (1970) 293-97. M. Watanabe, `Authority and consent in Church governement: Panormitanus, Aeneas Sylvius, Cusanus', Church History 39 (1970) 299-316; idem, `Humanism in the Tyrol: Aeneas Sylvius, Duke Sigismund, Gregor Heimburg', The Journal of Mediaeval and Renaissance Studies 4 (1974) 177-202. G. Zippel, `Eneo Silvio Piccolomini e il mondo germanico: Impegno cristiano e ciuile dell'umanismo', La cultura 19 (1981) 267-350.
 
 
 
 

Prosdocimo Conti (de Comitibus), born at Padua, c. 1370, obtained the doctorate in both laws in 1398. He taught canon law at Padua since 1403, often interrupted by the diplomatic services he performed for Venice, which had taken control of Padua in 1405. Besides composing many legal commentaries, he also was instrumental in reforming the statutes of the city. He died in 1438 as a leading member of Padua's oligarchy.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura in Librum II. decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Bernkastel-Kues, St. Nicolaus Hospital, Cusanus Stiftsbibliothek 220. A. in X 2.1-22: MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6546; B. in X 2.1-18: MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6567. C. in X 2.19-30: MANUSCRIPTS: Praha, Knihovna Metropolitní Kapitoly, Cod. J 22/1, J 22/2. D. in X 2.22-25: MANUSCRIPTS: Eichstätt, Universitätsbibl. 477. E. in primam partem libri II decretalium: MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6575.

2. Lectura in Extravagantes, MANUSCRIPT: Wolfenbüttel, Herzog-August Bibl. 85.7 Aug.

3. De arbore consanguinitatum

4. de differentiis legum et canonum, Early Printed Editions: Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus I (Lyons 1549), fol. 165v-173r; Tractatus illlustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum I (Venice 1584), fol. 190r-197r (omits the prologue of 1489); MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5925.

5. Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: Brussels, Bibl. Royale II 1426; Florence Bibl. Naz. Centrale Magliab. XXIX 172; Perugia, San Pietro CM 57; Ravenna, Bibl. Classense 485, vol. iii, v, vii; Vatican City, Vat. Urb. lat 1132; Venice, Bibl. Naz. Marciana lat. V 2 (2324).

LITERATURE: Belloni, Profesori giuristi 303-06. R.Cessi, `La biblioteca di Prosdocimo de' Conti, Bollettino del Museo civico di Padova 12 (1909) 140-48. P. Gothein, `Paolo Veneto e Prosdocimo de' Conti, maestri padovani di Lodovico Foscarini', La Rinascita 5 (1942) 236-43. B. G. Kohl, `Conti, Prosdocimo', DBI 28 (1983) 463-65. J. Portemer, Recherches sur les `Differentiae iuris civilis et canonici au temps du droit classique de l'Église (Paris 1946) 90-94. Schulte, QL II 298-99.
 
 
 
 

Prosdocimo Limena (XV century), a priest teaching canon law at Padua in 1440. No work is known.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 352.
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones Bamberg Can. 48 (P.II.23), fol. 223r-294v; also in MS Darnstadt, 853, fol. 149r-217v a collection of approximately 130 quaestiones from the early fourteenth century, many deriving from disputations between jurists of the later 13th century. Authors named include Aegidius de Fuscarariis, Altegradus de Lendinaria, Bertoldus de Labro, Garsias Hispanus, Guido de Baysio, Guilelmus de Bonis consiliis, Guilelmus de Petralata, Henricus de Domo Theotonicorum, Henricus de Scotia (Anglicus?), Huguccio of Vercelli, Jacobus (Bonacossa), a canon of Bologna, Jacobus de Baysio, Johannes de Monte Murlo, Laygo, a canon of Bologna, Marsilius de Mantighellis, Palmerius de Casulis, Stephanus Polonus, Stephanus de Serignano (Prouincialis), and Rainerius de Senis.

The first part of this collection also occurs in Modena, Estense Campori App. 1242, fol. 22r-48r. A large part of the collection, reorganized under the authors' names is in Munich, Clm 8011, fol. 86r-115v.

LITERATURE: Martin Bertram, `Kanonistische Quästionensammlungen von Bartholomäus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 265-81, at 270-71. Giuseppe Briacca, `La "quaestiones disputatae" de Uguccione Borromei', BMCL 7 (1977) 65-84.
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones Barcelona ACA Ripoll 66, early 14th century collection including quaestiones from Guido de Gutis, Aegidius de Cremona, Frater Iacob, Bonacurtius doctor Ferrarrensis, Superantius de Cingulo, Abiaticus de Mediolano. Martin Bertram reports that his information on this collection is sketchy.

LITERATURE: Martin Bertram, `Kanonistische Quästionensammlungen von Bartholomäus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 265-81, at 274.
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones Breslau (see Quaestiones Wroclaw)
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones Cesena Maletestiana IIsin.3, fol. 93v-127r A fourteenth century collection of 48 quaestiones dating between 1294 and 1313. Authors named include Aegidius de Cremona, Guido de Baysio, Jacobus (Bonacosa) a canon of Bologna, frater Jacobus, canon of the church o Saints Victor and John on the mount, Johannes Andreae, Johannes Calderini, Johannes de Monte Murlo, Marsilius de Mantighellis, Palmerius de Casulis, Paulus de Liazariis.

LITERATURE: Martin Bertram, `Kanonistische Quästionensammlungen von Bartholomäus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 265-81, at 271-72.
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones Darmstadt 853 (see Quaestiones Bamberg Can. 48)
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones Escorial T.I.4, fol. 20r-(76v?). A 14th century collection of quaestiones organized by author in the following series: Johannes Andreae (29 quaestiones dated 1307, 1310, 1311), Guido de Guisis (3 quaestiones dated 1318), frater Ubertus canonicus S. Mariae in Portu Rauenn. dioc. (15 undated quaestiones), Azo de Ramenghis (1 undated quaestio), Paulus de Liazariis (2 quaestiones dated 1320 and 1328), Johannes Calderini (3 quaestiones dated 1328, 1329).

LITERATURE: Martin Bertram, `Kanonistische Quästionensammlungen von Bartholomäus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 273.
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones Frankfurt Barth. 22, fol. 90r-106v; a 14th century collection of 21 quaestiones arranged by author collected by a student of Johannes Andreae and Johannes Calderini. Order of quaestiones runs: Johannes Calderini (3), Johannes Andreae (7), frater Ubertus (Canonicus S. Mariae in Portu Rauenn. dioc.) ((7), Johannes Calderini (2), Filinus (1), Azo de Ramenghis (1).

LITERATURE: Martin Bertram, `Kanonistische Quästionensammlungen von Bartholomäus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) at 274.
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones London Brit. Libr. Arundel 493, fol. 23r-48v

A collection of approximately ninety quaestiones from the 14th century.

LITERATURE: Martin Bertram, `Kanonistische Quästionensammlungen von Bartholomäus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 265-81.
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones Malatestianae contain a miscellaneous collection of fourteenth-century quaestiones disputatae.

EDITION: C. Mesini, Antonianum 26 (1951) 286-94, 367-385, has described the collection.

MANUSCRIPT: Cesena, Bibl. Malatestiana Plut. 2 sin. n.3, fol. 93vb-144vb.

LITERATURE: C. Mesini, `De codice iuridico N.3, Pl II, l.S Bibliothecae Malatestianae (Cesenae)' Antonianum 26 (1951) 271-94, 367-85.
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones Modena Estense Campori App. 1242 (See Quaestiones Bamberg Can. 48)
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones Munich, Clm 8011 (See Quaestiones Bamberg Can. 48)
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones Vatican Borghese 290, fol. 161r-177r

Includes quaestiones from the 13th and 14th centuries, a few dated to 1268 and 1270. Authors named include Azo de Labertaciis, the Archdeacon of Carcassonne, Jacobus Bonacossa, Petrus Hispanus, Simon a canon of Balneoregia, and Stephanus Polonus.

LITERATURE: Martin Bertram, `Kanonistische Quästionensammlungen von Bartholomäus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 265-81. R. Elze, `Stephanus Polonus und Johannes Andreae. Eine Bologneser Quaestionen von 1270 und ihre Widergabe in der Novella in Sextum', SG 12 (1967) 293-308.
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones Vatican Chigi E.VIII.245 contains two series of quaestiones from the fourteenth century. I) fol. 183bisv-244r, about sixty quaestiones some dated between 1312 and 1333. Authors named include Aegidius, Azo de Ramenghis, Bonandreas de Bonandreis, Filinus, Guido de Fulgineo, Guido de Guisis, Guilelmus de Petralata, Jacobus de Ferraria, Johannes Andreae, Johannes de Azarolis, Johannes Calderinus, Paulus de Liazariis, Pinus de Accursinis, Prespositus de Cesena, Superantius de Cingulo, frater Ubertus canonicus in S. Marie in Portu Rauenna dioc. (aka prior S. Saluatoris de Bononia); II) fol. 275r-289v: 19 quaestiones (only one of which is repeated from series the first series) some dated between 1311 and 1328. Authors named include Johannes Andreae, Bonacursius (de Florentia), Guido de Guisis, Jacobus de Beluiso, Johannes de Azarolis, Paulus de Liazariis, Recuperus de S. Miniaco, Superantius de Cingulo, frater Ubertus canonicus S. Mariae in Portu Rauenn. dioc.

LITERATURE: Martin Bertram, `Kanonistische Quästionensammlungen von Bartholomäus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 265-81.
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones Vienna cvp 2151, fol. 2r-78v. A collection of about 80 quaestiones from the 14th century. Some dated 1307 and 1328. Authors named include Aegidius de Cremona, Bonacursius de Florentia, Bonandreas de Bonandreis, Federicus de Senis, Guido de Baysio, Guido de Guisis, Jacobus de Belviso, Johannes de Azarolis (Acciaiuoli), Johannes Andreae, Johannes Calderinus, Paulus de Liazariis, Philippus de Sapicis, Pinus de Accursinis, Prepositus de Cesena (Boncius), Prior S. Martini Senensis, Recuperus de Sacto Miniato, Superantius de Cingulo, frater Ubertus canonicus S.Marie in portu Rauen. dioc.

LITERATURE: Martin Bertram, `Kanonistische Quästionensammlungen von Bartholomäus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 265-81, at 272.
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones Vienna cvp 2167, fol. 89r-96v, a 14th century collection of 5 quaestiones dated 1323 by five authors: Superantius de Cingulo, Ubertus canonicus S. Mariae in Portu Rauenn. dioc., Pinus de Accursinis, Jacobus de Beluiso, Johannes Andreae.

LITERATURE: Martin Bertram, `Kanonistische Quästionensammlungen von Bartholomäus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 265-81, at 274.
 
 
 
 

Quaestiones Wroclaw (Breslau) Bibl. Uniwersitecka II.F.53, fol. 48r-87v. a late 14th, early 15th century collection of 21 quaestiones. Johannes Andreae (13 quaestiones, 1 dated 1311), Paulus de Liazariis, Recuperus de Sancto Miniaco, Federicus de Senis, Andres Ciaffi, frater Jacobus archipresbiter de Monte Bellio, (Boncius) prior S. Martini Senensis, Guido de Guisis, 1 anonymous.

LITERATURE: Martin Bertram, `Kanonistische Quästionensammlungen von Bartholomäus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 265-81, at 273-74.
 
 
 
 

Radolphus a Beringhen was doctor decretorum, professor of canon law at Louvain (1441) and canon of St. Peter's. R. died there in 1459.

TEXTS: 1. Reportata scilicet lectura ad Clementinas, MANUSCRIPT: Louvain, St. Martin.

2. Confessionale ad capitulum `Omnis utriusque', MANUSCRIPT: Louvain, St. Martin.

LITERATUR: Schulte, QL II 407.
 
 
 
 

Radulphus de Canaberiis, a teacher of Roman law at Orleans, also left a repetitiones on a chapter of Liber extra.

TEXTS: Repetitiones in X, on X 5.39.27: MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 14328, fol. 114va.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, `Kirchenrechtliche Vorlesungen aus Orléans', Francia 2 (1974) 222. E. Meijers, Études d'histoire du droit III (Leiden 1959) 91-92, 324.
 
 
 
 

Rafael García (d. 1469), a Dominican inquisitor, wrote Casus on the decretals of Gregory IX.

TEXT: Casus textus Decretalium

LITERATURE: A.García y García, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 239.
 
 
 
 

Raffaele Fulgosio (Piacenza 1367-Padova 1427) primarily a civilian, this jurist studied in Bologna under Bartholomeus de Saliceto and at Padua under Cristoforo Castiglione. Aside from works on the Digest and Code, R. wrote consilia

TEXTS: Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Brescia 1490 (Hain 13703); Venice 1575; Frankfurt 1613; MANUSCRIPTS: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 122; Como, Bibl. Communale 2 5 1; Escorial, Bibl. de Monasterio d II 7; Ferrara, Bibl. Communale Ariostea I 174; Florence, Bibl. Naz. Centrale Magliab. XXIX 172; Magliab. XXIX 174; Magliab. XXIX 193; Kremsmünster, Stiftsbibl. 4; Lucca, Bibl. Capit. 419; Madrid, Bibl. Nac. 2146; Modena, Bibl. Estense lat. 1283 ( Z 10, 9); Münster, Universitätsbibl. 153; Paris, B.N. lat. 1485 pars I; B.N. nouv. acq. lat. 1700; Ravenna, Bibl. Classense 484; 485 vol. iii, vii; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 11605; Vat. Urb. lat. 1132; Venice, Bib. Naz. Marciana lat. V 2 2324.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 306-11.
 
 
 
 

Rainaldo da Camerino (di Venanzo) (XV century) teaching at Padua 1422-1424; later moved to Siena, lectured on the Decretales in Bologna in 1431 and 1432. Left some Consilia.

TEXTS: Consilia, MANUSCRIPT: Madrid, Bibl. Nac. 2139.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 326.
 
 
 
 

Recupero da San Miniato taught canon law at the Universities of Siena, Perguia, and Florence during the first half of the 14th century.

TEXTS: Glosses on the Decretum, MANUSCRIPT: Florence, Laur. Aedil. 64, fol. 102r-156v (D.4-D.101; in part), fol. 166r-259v (C.2-C.22 q.5 c.14; in part).

2. Consilia (see D. Maffei [1971] 227 n.33).

LITERATURE: D. Maffei, `La biblioteca di Gimignano Inghirami', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 226-28.
 
 
 
 
 
 

Reinbold Vener studied the artes and canon law at Paris in 1356-58 and was the author of casus legum, a collection of summaries of those laws to which Johannes Andreae referred in his Glossa ordinaria. Reinbold died in 1408.

TEXT: Casus legum, MANUSCRIPT: Stuttgart, Landesbibl. HB VI.84, fol. 361v-377r.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram - M. Duynstee, `Casus legum sive suffragia monachorum', TRG 51 (1983) 330-31. H. Heimpel, Die Vener von Gmünd und Strassburg 1162-1447 (Göttingen 1981) 137-39.
 
 
 
 

Ricardus Petronius de Senis (d.1314) Studied law at Bologna. Became a professor of civil law at Naplea around 1270. From 1290, R. pursued an ecclesiastical career. He became Vice-Chancellor of the Church in 1296. Made a Cardinal by Boniface VIII. Was, with Guillielmus de Mandagout and Berengarius Fredoli, an editor of the Liber Sextus. Served in the pontifical court in Avignon. At the Council of Vienne, R. defended Boniface's orthodoxy against the charges of Philip IV of France.

TEXTS: 1. Glosses on the Decretum, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Bibl. Ap. lat. 1367.

2. Casus super Sextum, MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 329.

LITERATURE: P. Erdö, `Ricardus de Senis' Glossen in einer Budapester Dekretalenhandschrift', ÖAKR 33 (1982) 107-11. Stephan Kuttner, `Ricardus Petronius de Senis', DDC 7 (1958-64) 681-84. T.Schmidt, `Riccardo Petroni von Siena als Gutachter im Prozeß gegen Papst Bonifaz VIII', ZRG Kan. Abt. 68 (1982) 277-93.
 
 

Richardus a Capella, from Capella in Artois, had a licentiate in canon law. Served as provost of St. Maria in Bruges from 1417. Died in 1447.

TEXTS: Tractatus de rescriptis

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 407.
 
 
 
 

Robert Manning, a Gilbertine monk, wrote an English adaptation of the anonymous Anglo-Norman penitential handbook, Manuel des péchés. Called Handlyng synne in Robert's version (ca. 1303), it also contained a section dealing with confession.

TEXTS: Handlyng synne

LITERATURE: P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 28. D. Robertson, `The cultural tradition of the Handlyng synne', Speculum22 (1947) 162-90.
 
 
 
 

Robertus Finingham (XV century). Born in Norfolk, he became a Minorite in Norwich in the mid-15th century. R. is said to have written a number of legal works.

TEXTS: 1. De casibus decretorum

2. De casibus decretalium

3. De casibus pape reseruatis

4. De extrauagantibus

5. De excommunicationibus

LITERTAURE: Schulte, QL II 454.
 
 
 
 

Rochus Curtius (XV-XVI century), born in Ticino, taught by Giason, was a counselor to the Margrave William of Montferrat in 1470. R. taught canon law in Ticino in 1515, then he was a Senator of Milan.

TEXTS: 1. De consuetudine, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1584, 1607.

2. De iure patronatus, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1584, 1607.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 404-05.
 
 
 
 

Rodericus Sancius de Arévalo (1404-1470). born in 1404 in Sante Maria de Nieva, near Segovia. Studied law at Salamanca. In 1440 R. served of a mission from King John II of Spain to the Emperor Friedrich III. Most of his works are polemical in nature.

TEXTS: Apparatus super bulla privationis et depositionis Georgii regis Bohemie

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 169; idem, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de histria de las ciencias eclestiasticas de España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 432. T.M. Izbicki, `Rodrigo Sánchez de Arévalo's Commentary on the Bull "Ezechielis" of Pope Pius II', Revista española de teologia 41 (1981) 465-67. Schulte, QL II 316-17. R. Trame S.J., Rodrigo Sánches de Arévalo, 1404-70, Spanish diplomat and champion of the papacy (Washington 1958).
 
 
 
 

Rodericus de Carrion (see Rodrigo de Palencia)
 
 
 
 

Rodericus Fernandez de S. Ella

TEXTS: 1. Vocabularium ecclesiasticum (El pelegrino), Early Printed Edition: Sevilla 1499 (Hain 6976).

2. Manual de doctrina necessario al visitador y a los clericos

Early Printed Edition: Sevilla 1499 (Hain 6977).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 405.
 
 
 
 

Roderigo de Borgia (See Alexander VI, Pope)
 
 
 
 

Rodrigo de Palencia (early 14th century) was a canonist and archpriest of Carrión.

TEXT: De visitatione prelati, MANUSCRIPTS: Burgo de Osma, Bibl. del Cab. 17; Toledo, Bibl. del Cab. 12-18, fol. 1ra-36vb.

LITERATURE: A.García y García, `Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 160-61; idem, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de histria de las ciencias eclestiasticas de España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 432; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 243.
 
 
 
 

Rodrigo Sánchez de Arévalo (see Rodericus Sancius de Arévalo)
 
 
 
 

Rodolfus de Lamandis, a `doctor decretorum', served as prior of St. Giovanni in Monte, Bologna in the early 15th century.

TEXTS:

LITERATURE: Berthe Marti, `Gomez versus the Spanish college at Bologna', Didascaliae: Studies in honor of Anselm Albareda, ed. S. Prete (N.Y. 1961) 293-319.
 
 
 
 

Rolandus de Bonarlis (Orlando Bonarli). Born at Florence in 1399, R. studied the laws at Bologna during the 1420's, to receive the doctorate in canon law in 1428. He taught there, 1428-38, and then went on to teach cenon law at his home town since 1439. In 1451, he became auditor of the Roman Rota. He died in 1461, leaving a few consilia.

TEXTS: Consilia, EDITION: S. Orlandi (1955) 2.488; MANUSCRIPT; Florence, Bibl. Naz. Magliab. XXIX.173, fol. 107.

LITERATURE: L. Martines, `Bonarli, Orlando`, DBI 11 (1969) 587-88. S. Orlandi, `Necrologio' di S. Maria Novella II (Florence 1955).
 
 
 
 

Rosello dei Roselli, from Florence (fl.1388), taught canon law in his native city.

TEXT: Consilium, EDITION: J. Kirshner, BMCL 6 (1976) 90-91.

LITERATURE: T. Diplovatatius, Liber de claris iurisconsultis, ed. F. Schulz et al., SG 10 (1968) 313-14. J. Kirshner, `A consilium of Rosello dei Roselli on the meaning of "Florentinus", "de Florentia" and "de populo",' BMCL 6 (1976) 87-91. L. Martines, Lawyers and statecraft in Renaissance Florence (Princeton 1968) 498.
 
 
 
 

Sampson de Chaumont (de Calvo-Monte) was a professor of Roman law at Orleans in 1309. By 1311, S. was serving as a papal chaplain and auditor sacrii palatii under Pope Clement V. S. wrote three derivative works based on the commentaries of Innocent IV and Hostiensis by 1303. S. fell ill in 1312 and nothing more is known of him.

TEXTS: 1. Opiniones et sententie Innocentii et Hostiensis (1294-98), MANUSCRIPT: Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2138, fol. 2r-116v.

2. Lectura super apparatu Hostiensis (Hostiensis abbreviatus) (1294-1303), MANUSCRIPTS: Canterbury, Cath. A.4(16), fol. 3-142; Cambridge, GC 30, fol. 1r-133v; Cambridge, Peterhouse 35, fol. 388r-572v; Douai, Bibl. munic. 635, fol. 1r-141r; Paris, B.N. lat. 4007, fol. 1r-148v; lat. 14613, fol. 1r-252r; Tarazona, Cath. 153, fol. 1r-124v.

3. Lectura super apparatu Innocentii (Innocentius abbreviatus) (1294-98, but after the Opiniones), MANUSCRIPTS: Bernkastel-Kues, Stiftsbibl. 261, fol. 11r-65r; Cambridge, Gonville and Caius coll. 30, fol. 175r-94v; Naples, Bibl. naz. XIII.A.21, fol. 217r-68v; St. Omer, Bibl. munic. 518, fol. 1r-41v; Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. lat. 213, fol. 1r-130v; Vendôme, Bibl. munic. 157, fol. 191r-242v; Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 313, fol. 1-46v.

LITERATURE: A. Bernal Palacios, `Repertorios del Comentario de Inocencio IV a las Decretales de Gregorio IX', Escritos del Vedat17 (1987) 152-59; idem, `The canonical works of Sampson de Calvomonte (Sampson of Chaumont)', The two laws. Studies in medieval legal history dedicated to Stephan Kuttner, ed. L. Mayali and S. Tibbetts (Washington 1990) 166-87. Schulte, QL II 203-04. Martin Bertram, `Aus kanonistischen Handschriften der Periode 1234 bis 1298', Proceedings Toronto (MIC C-5; Vatican City 1976) 27-44, at 43.
 
 
 
 

Sandeus, Felinus (see Felinus Sandeus)
 
 
 
 

Santi Schiattesi (de Schiattensibus), a Florentine Dominican and pupil of St. Antoninus of Florence, was prior of the convent of S. Marco at Florence since 1456. He died there in 1476.

TEXT: Consilia de iure religiosorum, MANUSCRIPTS: Florence, Bibl. Naz. F.8.1222, fol. 2-11v; I.1.48, fol. 184v-199v.

LITERATURE: R. Creytens, `Santi Schiattesi O.P., disciple de S. Antonin de Florence', AFP 27 (1957) 200-318; T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 3 (Rome 1980) 336.
 
 
 
 

Sebastián Ota, a Dominican, probably taught theology at Salamanca shortly after 1479. He wrote a confessional treatise.

TEXT: Tractatus de confessione, EDITION: Salamanca 1497.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias eclesiasticas en España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 391.
 
 
 
 

Sibertus de Becka, from Geldern, was a Carmelite monk in Cologne and Provincial head of the Order. Died 1332/33 in Cologne.

TEXTS: De censuris noui iuris

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 405.
 
 
 
 

Sifridus de Arena, a Dominican, was vicar of Archibishop Dietrich of Mainz (d.1456). He wrote several consilia.

TEXTS: 1. Determinationes duarum questionum, Early Printed Edition: s.l., s.a. (Hain 14723).

2. Responsio ad quatuor questiones, Early Printed Edition: s.l., s.a. (Hain 14724).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 441.
 
 
 
 

Silvester Prierias (Mazzolini de Prierio), a Dominican who lived from ca. 1460 to 1523, was the author of what he intended to be the ultimate confessional work, incorporating, comparing and reconciling all of the teachings to be found in the major Summe of his medieval predecessors. To illustrate his purpose, he himself called it Summa summarum (ca.1516), which in fact rendered obsolete much of what had been said before. The number of printed editions thereafter clearly outnumbered those of other authors in the field, while the truly encyclopedic format discouraged later attempts to attempt further Summa confessorum. In this way, Silvester's work marked the culmination and close of this literary genre.

TEXTS: Summa summarum, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1524; Lyons 1524, 1528, 1533, 1593; Anvers 1569; Venice 1598.

LITERATURE: J. Dietterle, `Die "Summae confessorum (sive de casibus conscientiae)" von Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 28 (1907) 416-31. M. Michalski, De Sylvestri Prieriatis O.P., magistri sacri palatii (1456-1523) vita et scriptis (Münster/W. 1892). P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 101-3. Schulte, QL II 455-56
 
 
 
 

Simon de Burnestona (Boraston) was a Dominican and doctor of theology at Canterbury and Oxford (1337-38).

TEXT: Compilatio de ordine iudiciario circa crimina corrigenda MANUSCRIPTS: Florence, Bibl. Naz. D.3.69, fol. 82v-105v; Melk, Stiftsbibl. 1917,2, fol. 221-22v (incomplete); Vienna, Dominkanerkloster 68/289, fol. 135v-45v.

LITERATURE: S. Forte, `Simon of Boraston O.P. Life and Writings', AFP 22 (1952) 321-45. T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 3 (Rome 1980) 343. Schulte, QL II 237.
 
 
 
 

Simon de Lellis de Teramo.

LITERATURE: W. Brandmüller, `Ein Konsistorialadvokat auf den Konzilien von Konstanz und Basel', Annuarium Historiae Conciliorum12 (1980) 229-68.
 
 
 
 

Simon Vayreti, otherwise unkonwn, left a compilation of exerpts from four glossators of the Clementines, Johannes Andreae, Guilelmus, Zenzelinus, and Paulus.

TEXTS: Compilatio apparatuum, MANUSCRIPT: Arras, Bibl. Munic. 482.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 405.
 
 
 
 

Simone de Borsano, from a Milanese family, studied and taught canon law at various universities, especially at Padua and Bologna, with Gille Bellemère as his formost student. In 1371, Pope Gregory XI made him archbishop of Milan. He may, however, never have set foot into his diocese. Instead, he continued to serve on papal missions, and was rewarded with the cardinalate in 1375. His political attachment since the outbreak of the great schism in 1378 are rather unclear. Only towards his death in 1381 he declared to side with the Avignonese cause. Among his literary works, there survives two commentaries on portions of the Sext, composed at Padua in 1360 and 1371, and his lectura on the Clementines (ca.1360-70).

TEXT: 1. Lectura Clementinarum, MANUSCRIPT: Florence, Laur. Aedil.55, fol. 123r-266v.

2. Commentum super c. Possessor, t. de regulis iuris (V.5.ult.2)

MANUSCRIPT: Florence, Laur. Aedil.55, fol. 267r-277r.

3. Commentum super c. Privilegium, t. de regulis iuris (.5.ult.7), MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 9634, fol. 121rb; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2638, fol. 225rb.

LITERATURE: H. J. Becker, `Simone da Borsano, ein Kanonist am Vorabend des Grossen Schismas', Rechtsgeschichte als Kulturgeschichte. Festschrift für Adalbert Erler (Aalen 1976) 217-36. A. Coville, Recherches sur quelques écrivains du XIVe et du XVe siècle. Deux canonistes: Simon de Brossano et Gilles Bellemère(Paris 1935) 11-57. Domenico Maffei, `La Biblioteca di Gimignano Inghirami e la "Lectura Clementinarum" di Simone da Borsano', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 229-36; idem, `Dottori e studenti nel pensiero di Simone da Borsano', SG 15 (1972) 229-49; idem, `La "Lectura Clementinarum" di Simone da Borsano', Studi in onore di Francesco Santoro Passarelli VI (Naples 1972) 529-40. I. Walter, `Brossano (Borsano), Simone da', DBI 14 (1972) 470-74.
 
 
 
 

Simone Michele Voltico (XV century) a theologian and canonist of the mid-fifteenth century. S. served as a rector at Padua. was teaching on the Decretum in 1449

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi, 326.
 
 
 
 

Stefan Bodeker (Doliator) was born at Rathenow (Brandenburg) in 1384. He entered the Premonstratensian order at an early age. He studied, probably law, at Erfurt (1406), and later law at Prague (1408). He finally enrolled at the University of Leipzig (1411/12). It is unclear if he ever received a degree, but he held a repetitioon canon law during the same time. Subsequently, Stefan's interests rather turned to theological matters, as he embarked on an ecclesiastical career at Brandenburg. He became bishop there (1421-59) and acquired an unusual knowledge of Hebrew. He died in 1459.

TEXT: Repetitio in X 1.31.2: EDITION: J. John (1967) 153-57 (from the Berlin MS), MANUSCRIPT: Berlin, Deutsche Staatsbibl. theol.118, fol. 167r-168r (incomplete).

LITERATURE: J. John, `The university career of Bishop Stephen Bodeker (1384-1459) of Brandenburg with the text of his repetition on the judge and his conscience', Studium generale. Studies offered to Astrik L. Gabriel, ed. L. Domonkos - R. Schneider (Notre Dame, Ind. 1967) 129-57.
 
 
 
 

Stefano Buonaccorsi, a Florentine born in 1350, appears in the college of judges of his native city since c. 1384. The local officials elected him to hold lectures on the Liber sextus and the Clementines in 1388, but he may have taught already earlier. He never became a canonist of first rank, as is attested by his rather low and stagnant income and the lack of academic writings, despite the fact that he taught for more than forty years. On the other hand, there is considerable evidence of his participation in practical matters, in diplomatic missions and as an author of consilia. He died in 1432/33.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura in decretalibus (X 2) Tractatus comissariorum by Lapus de Castiglionibus, as edited by Stefano (c. 1389)

MANUSCRIPT: Venice, Bibl. naz. Marc. L.IV.L.III.

2. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: G. Ziletti (ed.), Consilia criminalia I (Venice 1566), fol. 8v-9r; II (Venice 1582), fol. 34v-35r. MANUSCRIPTS: Florence, Bibl. naz. Magliab. XXIX.117, fol. 248v-51v, 280r-81r, 282v-83v, Magliab. XXIX.161, fol. 125v-26v; Magliab. XXIX.174, fol. 199r-200v; Magliab. XXIX.187, fol. 78v-80v, 149v-53v, Cod. II.III.370, fol. 1r-2r, 75v-76r; Cod. II.IV.434, fol. 236r-39v; Ravenna, Bibl. class. 485; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 8067; Vat. lat. 8069.

LITERATURE: R. Abbondanza, `Buonaccorsi, Stefano', DBI 15 (1972) 97-100. L. Martines, Lawyers and statecraft in Renaissance Florence(Princeton 1968) 292-95 and passim.
 
 
 
 

Stefano da Gaeta, a canonist from Naples, composed a long treatise on the sacraments. It derived from a repetitio on C.30 q.1 c.7 of Gratian's Decretum. Another repetitio to the Liber sextus likewise attests to his activity as a teacher of canon law. He died in 1488.

TEXTS: 1. Sacramentale Neapolitanum (Repetitio in C.30 q.1 c.7), Early Printed Editions: s.l. 1475 (Hain 4232); Repetitiones in universas fere canonici iuris partes I (Venice 1587; Cologne 1618) fol. 102va-214ra; MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. Ottob. lat. 327.

2. Repetitio in VI 1.6.47, Early Printed Edition: Hain 4233; MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5922, fol. 79ra-97rb; Vat. Barb. lat. 1493, fol. 68ra-83rb

LITERATURE: E. Cortese, `Sulla scienza giuridica a Napoli tra Quattro e Cinquecento', Scuole diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d'Italia I (Catania 1985) 85-87.
 
 
 
 

Stefano da Prato (XV-XVI century) was teaching Roman or canon law at Padua in 1509.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi.
 
 
 
 

Stephanus Costa (fl. 1476) was professor of canon law at Pavia.

TEXTS: 1. Tractatus de ludo, Early Printed Editions: Pavia 1478, 1489 (Hain 5784-85), 1504.

2. Super rubrica de sententia excomm. in Sexto, Early Printed Edition: Pavia 1483 (Hain 5786).

3. Repetitiones variae in extravagantes, Early Printed Edition: Pavia 1483 (Hain 5787).

4. Traactatus de consanguinitate et affinitate, Early Printed Edition: Pavia 1489 (Hain 5788), 1511; Tractatus universi iuris IX, fols. 132 ff.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 405.
 
 
 
 

Stephanus Hugonetti (Stephanus Provincialis) (c.1280-1332) likely from Narbonne. By 1319 served as an auditor sacri palatii. 1320-30 served as chancellor to the papal legate to Lombardy. In 1330 S. became the bishop of Bologna.

TEXTS: Apparatus in Clementinis, MANUSCRIPTS: Philadelphia, U.Penn. Libr. MS Lat. 95; Stuttgart, Landesbibl. HB VI 85.

LITERATURE: Emile van Balbergue, `Le commentaire sur les Clémentines d'Etienne Troches et Pierre d'Estaing', RHE 66 (1971) 502-06.Schulte, QL II 200-201. Norman Zacour, `Stephanus Hugoneti and his "Apparatus" on the Clementines', Traditio 17 (1961) 527-30.
 
 
 
 

Stephanus Pragensis, served as Vicar general of the Archbishop Ernst of Pardubice, and later became a regular canon in Raudnitz.

TEXTS: Quaestiones seu casus conscientiae, MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Kap. N.16.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 431.
 
 
 
 

Stephanus Provincialis (see Stephanus Hugonetti)
 
 
 
 

Stephen of Roundice (d. ca. 1365)

TEXTS: Quaestiunculae, EDITION: R. Zeleny, Apollinaris 38 (1965).

LITERATURE: R. Zeleney, `The Quaestiunculae of Stephen of Roundice', Apollinaris 38 (1965) 108-22, 372-405.
 
 
 
 

Taddeo da Vimercate (b.c.1360) studied at Pavia, T. received the doctorate in utroque iuris in 1387. T. then taught at Pavia, Piacenza, Padua and Parma. He left a number of consilia. Died c. 1439)

TEXTS: Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: Como, Bibl. Commun. 2 5 1; Venice, Bibl. Naz. Marciana lat. V 2 (2324).

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 316-17.
 
 
 
 

Thaddeus de Anguissola, from Cesena, taught canon law at Padua from 1307-9.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 175.
 
 
 
 

Theodericus Blocus (15th c.)

TEXTS: 1. Concepta ex Hostiensis proemio summae super X et ex Summa ipsa, MANUSCRIPT: Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye fol. 75.

2. De forma libelli cum notis, MANUSCRIPT: Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye fol. 76.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 406.
 
 
 
 

Theodoricus von Bockdorf (Dietrich). Studied law in Perugia, promoted to Doctor utriusque iuris. T. taught law in Leipzig. Ordinary professor of Canon law from 1443, Bishop of Naumburg from 1463. T. died in 1466. T. wrote a number of works on the Sachsenspiegel and on Saxon law generally, but contrary to Schulte, there is no known work by him on canon law.

TEXTS:

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 406.
 
 
 
 

Thomas de Canonibus, he was a Doctor of law in Bologna in 1383 and wrote, according to Diplovatatius, egregia consilia

TEXTS: Consilia

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 406.
 
 
 
 

Thomas de Cambiatoribus (see Tommaso Cambiatori)
 
 
 
 

Thomas Chillenden, a doctor of canon law at Oxford in the second half of the fourteenth century, left repertoria (summaries) on the Sext and the Clementines.

TEXTS: Repertoria in Librum Sextum et Clementinas, MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Trinity Hall 7; Cambridge, Gonville and Caius Coll. 308; Hereford, Cath. P.viii.3; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11 C.ii; Oxford, New College 204, fols.4r-216v Sext), fols.218v-404v (Clementines); Oxford, All Souls 53.

LITERATURE: L. Boyle, `The "Summa summarum" and some other English works of canon law', Proceedings Boston (MIC C-1; Vatican City 1965) 417-18.
 
 

Thomas Fastolf, an English auditor at the Roman curia in Avignon.  He collected decisions of the Rota that circulated widely.
 

Texts:  Decisiones novae, antiquae et antiquiores

Literature: J. H. Baker, Monuments of Endlesse Labours: English Canonists and Their Work, 1300–1900 (London and Rio Grande: The Hambledon Press with the Ecclesiastical Law Society, 1998).

Thomas Hospital, canonist known only by a single work, a summa on the interdict written in 1438.

TEXTS: Summa de ecclesiastico interdicto, MANUSCRIPT: Berlin, Staatsbibl. Lat. fol. 174.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 406.
 
 
 
 

Thomas de Maalon, doctor decretorum and canon of Notre Dame at Paris, is the author of a collection of casus legum (ca. 1349-63), which offered summaries of those laws referred to by the Glossa ordinaria (as revised by Bartholmaeus Brixiensis) on Gratian's Decretum. The work, entitled Suffragium super decreto, was hardly a success. Only one manuscript seems to have survived.

TEXT: Suffrgagium super decreto, MANUSCRIPT: Amiens, Bibl. de la Ville 381.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram - M. Duynstee, `Casus legum sive suffragia monachorum', TRG 51 (1983) 329-31.
 
 
 
 

(Frater) Thomas de S. Antonio, a prior of St. Antonius in Bologna, apparently of the Hospitallers. Promoted in 1295 to Doctor. In 1303 he took up the post of professor of canon law in Padua. His will dates from 1304. He wrote no known works.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 406.
 
 
 
 

Thomas de Vijo (see Cajetanus)
 
 
 
 

Thomas Walkyngton was a doctor of canon law at Oxford, who wrote a summary on the Clementines, between ca. 1350 and 1377.

TEXT: Repertorium, MANUSCRIPT: Canterbury, Dean and Chapter Lib. C.12.

LITERATURE: L. Boyle, `The "Summa summarum" and some other English works of canon law', Proceedings Boston (MIC C-1; Vatican City 1965) 417.
 
 
 
 

Tomás de Cuenca was a canonist at the University of Salamanca, where he appears in the registers in 1468. In 1474, he is mentioned as a doctor decretorum. He is further known to have written a treatise on inquisitorial procedure.

TEXT: De inquisitione (lost?)

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias eclesiasticas en España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 391-92.
 
 
 
 

Tommaso Cambiatori studied civil law at Pavia and received the licentiate there in 1405. Then T. studied canon law at Padua under Zabarella and obtained the doctorate in 1409. He then began teaching at Padua, Parma, and finally Reggio (since 1418). Despite his academic obligations, his chief literary accomplishment rather show his close association with humanistic circles. He thus produced a vulgar version of Vergil's Aeneid and other treatises based on the classical authors. He died in Reggio in 1444.

TEXTS: 1. Consilia, MANUSCRIPT: Ravenna, Bibl. Classense 485 vol. X.

2. De iudicio libero et non libero, MANUSCRIPT: Modena, Bibl. Estense lat. 224 ( W 1, 16).

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 317-18. G. Gorni, `Cambiatori (Cambiator, de Cambiatoribus), Tommaso', DBI 17 (1974) 131-32.
 
 
 
 

Vitaliano Mussato (XV century). Taught Roman and/or canon law at Padua in 1479.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 349, 355.
 
 

William Bateman (1355) Englishman whose career illustrated the links between the academic, judicial, diplomatic, and administrative worlds of his day. Under his patronage the first surviving court reports of the Rota (the pope's own audience court where Bateman served as judge) were written by his protégé Thomas Fastolf (Decisiones novae, antiquae et antiquiores).

Literature: J. H. Baker, Monuments of Endlesse Labours: English Canonists and Their Work, 1300–1900 (London and Rio Grande: The Hambledon Press with the Ecclesiastical Law Society, 1998).


 
William Duranti (see Guillaume Durant)
 
 
 
 

William Lyndwood, born c. 1375, was the leading English canonist of the later Middle Ages. He served as the chancellor to the archbishop of Canterbury and finally became bishop of St. David's. William is known as the author of the Provinciale, a compilation of English ecclesiastical constitutions on which he commented in the form of glosses. He died in 1446.

TEXTS: Provinciale, Early Printed Editions: London 1485, 1551; Paris 1501; Oxford 1679 (Reprinted Farnborough 1968) MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Lib. Royal 11.C.8 and 11.E.1; see also C. R. Cheney (1961) 433-34.

LITERATURE: C. R. Cheney, `William Lyndwood's Provinciale', The Jurist 21 (1961) 405-34. Ch. Donahue, `Lyndwood's gloss propriarum uxorum: marital property and the ius commune in fifteenth-century England', Europäisches Rechtsdenken in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Festschrift für Helmut Coing zum 70. Geburtstag, ed. N. Horn (Munich 1982) 19-37. A. B. Emden, Biographical register of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500 2 (Oxford 1958) 1191-93. W. Maitland, `Canon law in England: I. William Lyndwood', EHR 11 (1896) 446-78 = idem, Roman and canon law in the church of England(London 1898; repr. New York 1968) 1-50.
 
 
 
 

William of Pagula (Poul), vicar of Winkfield, Berkshire (1314-1332), studied and taught at Oxford since 1314, leaving a number of pastoral treatises. He summed up his work in an elaborate Summa summarum (1319-22), which was intended to offer a solution to any question of pastoral or legal concern. Largely influenced by the Repertorium of Guilelmus Durantis and the penitential Summa of Johannes of Freiburg, its scope of legal and theological references was nevertheless much wider. The work circulated in England throughout the later Middle Ages.

TEXTS: Summa Summarum, EDITION: Prologue and list of rubrics ed. L. Boyle, `The "Summa summarum"...' 438-51; MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Pembroke Coll. 201, Corpus Christi Coll. 2; Durham, Cath. C.ii.13; Edinburgh, Univ. 136; Exeter, Cath. 19; Lucca, Bibl. Cap. 303; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 10.D.x; Oxford, Bodl. Lib. 293, Bodl. Laud. misc. 624, Magdalen Coll. lat. 134; Worcester, Cath. F.131.

LITERATURE: Traditio 8 29-34. Leonard Boyle, `The Oculus sacerdotis and some other works of William of Pagula', TRHS 5 (1955) 81-110; idem, `The "Summa summarum" and Some Other Works of English Canon Law', Proceedings Boston (MIC C-1; Vatican City 1965) 415-56.
 
 
 
 

Willielmus Duranti(s) (see Guillelmus Durantis)
 
 
 
 

Zabarella (see Franciscus Zabarella)
 
 
 
 

Zenzelinus de Cassanis (see Jesselin de Cassanis)

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