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Abbas antiquus (see Bernardus de Montemirato)

Abbreuiatio Compilationis primi 'Iuste iudicate, recte iudicate'

MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. Reg. lat. 395, fol. 95-99v (fragmentary at the end).

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 435.
 

Abbreuiatio Compilationis Romane 'Incipit de summa trinitate et fide catholica'

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal 769, fol. 74v-84v.

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 435-436.

Abbreuiatio Compilationis secunde 'Preterea Clemens III nil certi respondet papa'

MANUSCRIPTS: Bruges, Bibl. de la Ville 366, fol. 19ra-27va; Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal 769, fol. 66-73v.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some Additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 11. Kuttner, Repertorium 435.
 

Abbreuiatio Decreti 'Exceptiones ecclesiasticarum (seu euangelicarum) regularum'

EDITION: None.

MANUSCRIPTS: Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 542; Göttweig, Stiftsbibl. 181 (88), fol. 25-95; Linz, Öffentl. Studienbibl. 75, fol. 1-80 (fragmentary); Munich, Clm 6406, fol. 17ra-36rb; Clm 18467, fol. 3ra-68vb (omits prologue); Saint Florian, Stiftsbibl. XI.730; Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 288, fol. 165v-218v; Vienna, ÖNB 2179, fol. 1-32 (omits prologue, ends in C.27 q.2); 2221, fol. 62v-118r.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some Additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 12. Kuttner, Repertorium 260-61. R. Weigand, 'Die Dekretabbreuiatio "Exceptiones ecclesiasticarum regularum" und ihre glossen', Miscellanea Prosdocimi (Milan 1992).
 

Abbreuiatio Decreti 'Gratiani opus egregium'

EDITION: None.

MANUSCRIPTS: Gdansk (Danzig), Bibl. Mar. F. 275.

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 261. A. Vetulani, SG 8 (1965) 275-353.
 

Abbreuiatio Decreti 'Humanum genus'

MANUSCRIPTS: Avranches, Bibl. Munic. 149, fol. 136-38v (fragment); Vienna, ÖNB 2163, fol. 1-24r.

LITERATURE: Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 323 n.17.


Abbreuiatio Decreti 'Ius naturale quod est in lege' I

MANUSCRIPTS: Pommersfelden, Bibl. Graf Schonborn 2902, fol. 1-39.

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 261. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 265 n.


Abbreuiatio Decreti 'Ius naturale quod est in lege' II (see Tabula utriusque iuris), lists legal terms, often repetitive, drawn from both laws especially regarding marriage law. The work was a primitive forerunner of the later vocabularies, designed to aid students. It was composed before 1215, probably in France .

EDITION: None

MANUSCRIPTS: Zurich, Stadtbibl. C.80, fol. 55r-62v.

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 261. A. Stickler, 'Iter Helveticum', Traditio 14 (1958) 477-78.


Abbreuiatio Decreti 'Lex alia divina est alia humana', based on the abbreviation of Omnebene and perhaps of English origin.

EDITION: None.

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Harley 3842, fol. 35-56.

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 261-62; idem and Eleanor Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 294 n.13.


Abbreuiatio Decreti 'Matrimonium est'

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Lambeth Palace 139, fol. 101-123 (begins at C.27 q.1 pr.), 124-143v (C.1-C.4 q.1).

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 262.


Abbreuiatio Decreti 'Omne ius aut divinum' (see Abbreviatio Decreti 'Quoniam egestas')

Abbreviatio Decreti 'Omnes leges aut divine'

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 35.

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 262-63. R. Weigand, 'Die Dekretabbreuiatio "Exceptiones ecclesiasticarum regularum" und ihre glossen', Miscellanea Prosdocimi (Milan 1992).  A. Beyer, Lokale  Abbreviationen des Decretum Gratiani. Analyse un Vergleich der Dekretabbreviationen ‘Omnes leges aut divine’ (Bamberg), ‘Humanum genus duobus regitur’ (Pommersfelden) und ‘De his qui intra claustra monasterii consistunt’ (Lichtenthal, Baden-Baden) (Frankfurt am Main 1998).



Abbreuiatio Decreti 'Omnia quecumque uultis'

MANUSCRIPTS: Vienna, ÖNB 2183, fol. 1-86.

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 263


Abbreuiatio Decreti 'Quod divine leges natura'

MANUSCRIPTS: Göttweig, Stiftsbibl. 88, fol. 1-23v

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 263.


Abbreviatio Decreti 'Quoniam egestas' (also 'Omne ius aut diuinum'), written around 1150 in Southern France. In several manuscripts the work is accompanied by glosses which utilize the civilian Exceptiones Petri, likewise of Provencal origin.

MANUSCRIPTS: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1012 (without prologue; part I only); Oxford, New College 220 (without prologue); Paris, B.N. lat. 15001, fol. 127-238v (without prologue); Prague, Metropolitankapitel I.LXXIV, fol. 10-107v; Saint Gall, Stiftsbibl. 711; Vorau, Stiftsbibl. 184; Worcester, Cathed. Q.43 (ends at C.26 q.6 c.12).

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 263-64; idem, 'The "Extravagantes" of the Decretum in Biberbach', BMCL 3 (1973) 67. R. Weigand, 'Die Dekretalabbreuiatio "Quoniam egestas" und ihre Glossen', Fides et ius ... Georg May (Regensburg 1991) 249-65.


Abbreuiatio Decreti Treuirensis

EDITION: None.

MANUSCRIPT: Trier, Bisch. Sem.91, fol. 1r-91v (on part II only).

LITERATURE: A. Stickler, 'Iter Germanicum', Traditio 12 (1956) 604.


Abbreuiatio Decreti 'Verbum abbreviatum'

MANUSCRIPTS: Basel, Universitätsbibl. C.V.14, fol. 74ra-80vb, and C.V.35, fol. 40va-47ra; Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. q.192; Linz, Öffentl. Studienbibl.257, fol. 2r-157r; Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal 955; Schlägl, Stiftsbibl. 220.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some Additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 12, 15. Kuttner, Repertorium 264. A. Stickler, 'Iter Helveticum', Traditio 14 (1958) 473-75.


Abbreuiationes Decreti (in other manuscripts.)

MANUSCRIPTS: Basel, Universitätsbibl. A.IX.22, fol. 104-159v (part I), 159v-181v (part III); Basel Universitätsbibl. C.V.14, fol. 81ra-214vb; Bernkastel-Kues, Sankt-Nikolaus-Hospital, Cusanus-Stiftsbibl. 229, fol. 1-66v (fragmentary, begins at D.4 c.6); Monza, Cathedral Chapter T.XIII; Paris, B.N. lat. 3922 B; Turin, Bibl. naz. 533 [D.V.19]; Vatican City, Vat. Ottob. 3062, fol. 5- (fragmentary, begins at D.10 c.9); Vienna, ÖNB 1758, fol. 97v-131; Vienna, ÖNB 2185 fol. 1-193.

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 264-65. A. Stickler, 'Iter Helveticum', Traditio 14 (1958) 473-75.


Abbreviationes Decreti (beginning with 'Humanum genus duobus regitur' in other manuscripts.)

MANUSCRIPTS: Firenze, Laurenziana XX.45 (ends at De pen. D.1 c.23); Paris, B.N. lat. 4709, fol. 56-82; Paris, Sainte Geneviève 2284, fol. 1-7; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2707, fol. 1ra-95vb; Vorau, Stiftsbibl. 376, fol. 6-61v; Zürich, Stadtbibl. C.97, fol. 64v-76v; Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 285, fol. 116v-147v

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 264-65


Actor at reus (see Summa 'Actor et reus')


Ad iuste iudicandum (commentary on Compilatio I), a miscellaneous commentary on Compilatio I, based on the apparatus of Ricardus Anglicus.

MANUSCRIPTS: Klosterneuberg, Canons Regular 1045, fol. 1-7v, 9r-32v.

LITERATURE: Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 313 n.22; idem, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools of Law 1140-1234 (London 1983) 17.


Adam of Adelsbach, a Cistercian monk who around 1250 composed a didactic poem based on the penitential Summa de casibus of Raymond of Peñafort. It was intended to facilitate the access to Raymond's work for the poorer students, as is indicated by the title Summa pauperum.

TEXT: Summa pauperum, Early Printed Edition: Paris 1524.

LITERATURE: M. Bloomfield, 'A Preliminary List of Incipits of Latin Works on the Virtues and Vices, mainly of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries', Traditio 11 (1955) n.524. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge 9XII - XVI siècles (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 41. F. Valls Taberner, 'La Summula pauperum de Adam de Aldensbach', Gesammelte Aufsätze zur Kulturgeschichte Spaniens 7 (1938) 69-83.


Additiones Biberach, twelfth-century decretals added to a Decretum manuscript at Biberach.

EDITION: None

MANUSCRIPTS: Biberach, Spitalarchiv B 3515.

LITERATURE: Kuttner, 'The "Extravagantes" of the Decretum in Biberach', BMCL 3 (1973) 61-71.


Addo of Huizinga, studied law at Oxford c.1200 with his brother Emo, who wrote that they copied 'decreta, decretales, Librum pauperum, et alios libros iuris et legalis'.

LITERATURE: P. Gerbenzon, 'Bertram of Metz: The author of "Elegantius in iure diuino" (Summa Coloniensis)', Traditio 21 (1965) 511.



Aegidius (see Egidius)


Alanus ab Insulis (Alain de Lille), professor of theology at Paris. Besides other literary and poetic works such as the Anticlaudianus, he wrote a penitential handbook, Liber poenitentialis (ca. 1200).

TEXT: Liber penitentialis

EDITION: PL 210.281 ff.

LITERATURE: M. Bloomfield, 'A Preliminary List of Incipits of Latin Works on the Virtues and Vices, mainly of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries', Traditio 11 (1955) n.61. P. Michaud-Quantin, 'Le "Liber penitentialis" d'Alain de Lille. Le temoignage des manuscrits belges et francais', Citeaux 10 (1959) 93-106; idem, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge XII - XVI siècles (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 15-19


Alanus Anglicus, English canonist teaching and writing at Bologna around 1190-1215. He composed an influential apparatus on the Decretum, Ius naturale, and then revised it to offer a far more enthusiastic defense of papal power. It remains doubtful, however, if his authorship also extended to the commentary on De consecratione as it is transmitted in three MSS of Ius naturale. Because the same comment also circulated separately and is once ascribed to a 'R. de parvi passu' (MS Seo de Urgel, Bibl. Capit. 8 (2882): cf. Rodoricus Modicipassus). The first recension of Ius naturaleexerted great influence on the Anglo-Norman Summa Duacensis. Besides an apparatus on Compilatio I, Alanus further produced a decretal collection (and glosses) which, with that of Gilbertus, became the prime source for Johannes Galensis's Compilatio secunda.

TEXTS: 1. Decretum-Apparatus, Ius naturale, MANUSCRIPTS: First recension (1192): Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibl. MS 101 (set i; rather incomplete); Paris, B.N. lat. 3909 (without text of Decretum; without C.16-27); Seo de Urgel, Bibl. Capitular. 113; Second recension (1205): Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 13, fol. 272va (prologue only); Cambrai, Bibl. Municip. 645; Escorial, c.I.5, fol. 482r (prologue only); Gniezno, Bibl. Cap. Metrop. 27; Paris, B.N. lat. 15393 (set II; with Casus of Benencasa); Paris, Bibl. Mazarine, 1318 (incomplete: ends C.27 q.1 c.2); Stuttgart, Landesbibl. HB VI.95, fol. 267r-v (prologue only); Vatican City, Vat. Ross. lat. 595 (set ii; select glosses only); Vendôme, Bibl. Munic. 88 (set. iii. incomplete). (A number of glosses are printed in Stickler, 'Verteidiger').

2. Collectio Alani (includes decretals from Innocent III as well as pre-Innocentian Decretals), MANUSCRIPTS: First recension: Fulda, Landesbibl. D.7, fol. 155v-160v (contains the section to be added after MS D.14); Fulda, D.14, fol. 32-54v, 123v-126r, 55-123v; Fulda, D.5, fol. 140-98v, 199-213r (an abridgement); Second recension (1206): Vercelli, Cathed. Chapter MS LXXXIX, fol. 51-136r (with glosses); Salzburg, Erzabtei St. Peter MS A.IX.18, fol. 169-243r; Linz, Studienbibl. 257, fol. 1r-v (fragment 2.11.1-5; with glosses).

3. Apparatus on Compilatio I (after 1207), MANUSCRIPTS: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349 (set I); Fulda, Landesbibl. D.5, fol. 1-83r (set I; incomplete); Halle, Universitäts-und Landesbibl. Ye.52 (set II); Karlsruhe, Landesbibl. Aug. XL, fol. 1-82v; Munich, Clm 3879, fol. 1-97v (set II); Paris, B.N. lat. 3932, fol. 1-69v (set I).

4. Glosses on Compilatio II?, MANUSCRIPTS: see F. Gillmann, AKKR 115 (1925) 131-32.

LITERATURE: R. Fraher, 'Alanus Anglicus and the Summa "Induent sancti",' BMCL 6 (1976) 47-54. G. Fransen, 'Un commentaire au "De consecratione",' Traditio 13 (1957) 508-09. F. Gillmann, AKKR 115 (1925) 131-32. R. von Heckel, 'Die Dekretalensammlung des Gilbertus und Alanus nach den Weingartener Handschriften', ZRG Kan. Abt. 29 (1940) 116-357. Kuttner, Repertorium 67-75, 316-17, 325-26; idem, 'The Collection of Alanus: A concordance of its two recensions', Rivista di storia del diritto italiano 26 (1953) 37-53; idem, 'Notes on manuscripts', Traditio 17 (1961) 534-36; idem, 'Emendationes et notae variae', Traditio 22 (1966) 476; idem, 'Universal pope or servant of God's servants', RDC 32 (1981) 140; idem, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools (London 1983) 13. P. Landau, 'Alanus Anglicus', LMA 1 (1980) 267-68. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici(Milan 1971) 202-220. Schulte, QL I 188-89. A. M. Stickler, 'Alanus Anglicus als Verteidiger des monarchischen Papsttums', Salesianum 21 (1959) 346-406. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 16; Munich 1963) 305-13; idem, 'Neue Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio 21 (1965) 482; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 225-230 and passim.

Albertus, a canonist of the early thirteenth century. Albertus was the author of a gloss-apparatus to Compilatio secunda (before 1215). He may be the Albertus cited by Magister Honorius in his commentary on the Decretum (in Laon, Bibl. Munic. MS 371(bis), fol. 86rb).

TEXTS: Apparatus to Compilatio secunda, MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19, fol. 79-116 (first set; single glosses only); Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349, fol. 73-113; Karlsruhe, Landesbibl. Aug. XL, fol. 83-120 (incomplete); Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 983, fol. 61-91; Melk, Stiftsbibl. 518, fol. 1v-34v (first stratum); Paris, B.N. lat. 3932, fol. 70-102v; lat. 15398, fol. 74-105v; Troyes, Bibl. Municip. 385 (fragment; ends at 2 Comp. 2.6).

LITERATURE: F. Gillmann, 'Magister Albertus, Glossator der Compilatio II', AKKR 105 (1925) 122-91. Kuttner, Repertorium 345-52; idem, 'Notes on manuscripts', Traditio 17 (1961) 539. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 332-34. R. Weigand,, 'Gandulphusglossen zum Dekret Gratians', BMCL 7 (1977) 13-48 at 40.


Albertus de Morra Beneventanus (see Gregory VIII)


Albertus Gandinus, born at Cremona, studied civil law at Padua and Bologna under Johannes de Anguissola and Guido de Suzzaria. Later on, he practised as a judge in various Italian communes. The same practical interests are reflected in his writing on criminal procedure, which also relates to canonical matters. He died around 1310.

TEXTS:1. De maleficiis, EDITION: H. Kantorowicz (1907)

2. Quaestiones statutorum, EDITION: A. Solmi, Biblioteca iuridica Medii Aevi 3, ed. A. Gaudenzi (Bologna 1901).

LITERATURE: H. Kantorowicz, Albertus Gandinus und das Strafrecht der Scholastik I-II (Berlin - Leipzig 1907-26). Schulte, QL II 167-68.


Aldricus, a Bolognese teacher of Roman, and perhaps of canon law, as his common epithet 'magister' would suggest. Of his canonistic activities we know only indirectly, however, through the references of other canonists (Egidius, Huguccio) of the 1180's.

LITERATURE: Kuttner and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 301 n.32. J. Fried, Über die Entstehung des Juristenstandes (Cologne - Vienna 1974) 187-88.


Alexander III (Rolandus Bandinelli), pope (1159-81). Although John Noonan and Rudolf Weigand have recently disproved the old identification of Alexander with the canonist Rolandus, the contribution of this pope to the history of canon law remains important. Alexander was the first pope who fully grasped the signficance of his role as the supreme legislator of the Church. He issued decretals in unprecedented numbers, deciding many legal disputes that Gratian's Decretum had raised but left unresolved. Contemporary decretists soon appreciated these legislative efforts, whence Alexander figured prominently in the collections of extravagantes proliferating since the 1170's. This was later reflected in the authoritative Liber extra of Gregory IX (1234), which gave Alexander's decretals an importance equalled only by those of Innocent III (1198-1216).

LITERATURE: Boso's Life of Alexander III, ed. and trans. G.M. Ellis (1973). C. Donahue, 'The dating of Alexander the Third's marriage decretals', ZRG Kan. Abt. 68 (1982) 70-124. L. Falkenstein, 'Leistungsersuchen Alexanders III. aus dem ersten Jahrzehnt seines Pontifikats', ZKG 102 (1991) 45-75. F. Liotta (ed.), Miscellanea Rolando Bandinelli papa Alessandro III (Siena 1986). J. T. Noonan, 'Who was Rolandus?', Law Church and Society: Essays in Honor of Kuttner, ed. K. Pennington, R. Somerville (Philadelphia 1977) 21-48. M. Pacaut, Alexandre III: Étude sur la conception du pouvoir pontifical dans sa pensée et dans son oeuvre (L'Eglise et L'Etat au Moyen Age 11; Paris 1956); idem, 'Louis VII et Alessandro III', RHEF 39 (1953) 5-45. R. Somerville, Pope Alexander III and the Council of Tours (Berkeley 1977). R. Weigand, 'Magister Rolandus und Papst Alexander III.', AKKR 149 (1980) 3-44.


Alexander Stavensby, an English theologian who had studied at Toulouse and later became bishop of Lichfield and Coventry (1224-37). In this capacity, he wrote two brief treatises on sin and confession respectively, which he promulgated as part of the diocesan statutes.

TEXTS: Opuscula synodalia, MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, St. John's C.62 II (on confession and sin); Oxford, Bodl. Lib. Douce 88 (on confession).

LITERATURE: M. Bloomfield, 'A Preliminary List of Incipits of Latin Works on the Virtues and Vices, mainly of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries', Traditio 11 (1955) n. 189, n.277; P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge 9 XII - XVI siècles (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 30-31.


Altmann of St. Florian, provost of the canon regulars of St. Florian from 1212 until his death in 1221/23, published three canonistic works, composed in part in hexameters (d.1221/23). Among them is the Medulla, perhaps the oldest known canonistic monograph. It survives in an earlier version which Altmann later expanded by including verses. Four different recensions of the text circulated. Altmann also composed a procedural ordo (1204/5) which shows resemblances to that of Eilbert of Bremen whom he probably knew personally. His principal work, however, was the Ysagoge, a versified introduction into canon law.

TEXTS:1. Ysagoge iuris, MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 16097, fol. 1-89, and lat. 16098, fol. 1-85; St. Florian, Stiftsbibl. XI 720; Vatican, Bibl. Ap. lat. 2692, fol. 1v-65r; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2228, fol. 1v-81v; Vienna, ÖNB Ser. nov. 3611, fol. 1r-64v.

2. Medulla, MANUSCRIPTS: A. first recension: Munich, Clm 19488, fol. 1-16. B. second recension: Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2221, fol. 45r-55v. C. third recension: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 48, fol. 23rb-24vc. D. fourth recension: Kremsmünster, Stiftsbibl. 1, fol. 429r-40r.

3. Ordo iudiciarius, MANUSCRIPT: Kremsmünster, Stiftsbibl. 1, fol. 416r-428v..

LITERATURE: F. Altmann, 'Über einen Ordo iudiciarius vom Jahre 1204', ZRG Rom. Abt. 19 (1889) 44-71. W. Stelzer, 'Altmann von St. Florian', MIÖG 84 (1976) 60-104; idem, 'Österreichische Kanonisten des 13. Jahrhunderts', ÖAKR 30 (1979) 59-65; idem, 'Altmann von St. Florian', LMA 1 (1980) 479; idem, Gelehrtes Recht in Österreich. Von den Anfängen bis zum frühen 14. Jh. (MIÖG - Erg.Bd. 26; Vienna 1982) 70-120.


Ambrosius, wrote a Summa (ca. 1213-15) on the titles of the decretals which was based on that of Bernardus Papiensis, but included decretals from Compilatio secunda and Compilatio tertia. Ambrosius further utilized the commentaries of Vincentius in the two Compilationes.

TEXTS: 1. Summa titulorum decretalium, EDITION: by A. Martin-Avedillo, ZRG Kan. Abt. 54 (1968) 57-94; MANUSCRIPTS: Fulda, D.10, fol. 10-45v; Rome, Casanatense. 1910 (A.1.18), fol. 39-72v; Venice, Marciana lat. class. iv.25, fol. 23-71v.

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 392-93; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 332 n.44. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 352-58. A. Martin-Avedillo, 'La "Summa super titulis decretalium" del canonista Ambrosius', ZRG Kan. Abt. 54 (1968) 57-94; idem, 'Influjo del canonista Ambrosius en San Raimundo de Peñafort', REDC 26 (1970) 329-55. R. Weigand,, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 16; Munich 1963) 357-61; R. Weigand,, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus(Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 407-08; idem, Die bedingte Eheschliessung (Munich 1963) 357 n.108.


Andreas Veclus, appears among the teachers of canon law at Bologna in 1238.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 174.


Animal est substantia (see Summa Bambergensis)


Appendix abbreviationis 'Quoniam egestas', a primitive, twelfth-century decretal collection, which includes some of the canons from the Council of Tours (1163).

MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 15001, fol. 236v-238v.

LITERATURE: Kuttner, 'The "Extravagantes" of the Decretum in Biberach', BMCL 3 (1973) 67, 71.


Appendix Concilii Lateranensis, a decretal collection which derives from a source common with the 'Wigorniensis Group.' This large work exerted great influence on many later collections including members of the 'Bambergensis-Group,'(Appendix Oenipontana and Fragment L) The first recension contains 570 items, only 15 of which are pre-Gratian.

DATE/PLACE: 1st recension: 1184-85, Lincoln

EDITION: P. Crabbe, Concilia omnia tam generalia quam particularia... (2nd ed. Cologne 1551) 2.820-944 (printed from an unknown MS, also in J.D. Mansi, Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio 22 (Venice 1767) 248-453 = Cr. Aemilius Richter, De inedita canonum collectione Lipsiensi (Leipzig 1836).

MANUSCRIPTS: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1242, fol. 73v-110v = Lp; Vienna, ÖNB 2172, fol. 2r-52v = V; Lincoln, Cathed. Chapter Library 121, fol. 1r-61r.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, 'English Canonists and the "Appendix Concilii Lateranensis",' Traditio18 (1962). W. Holtzmann, 'Die Register Papst Alexander III. in den Händen der Kanonisten', QF 30 (1940) 16. Kuttner, Repertorium 290-91; idem, 'Notes on a projected corpus of twelfth-century decretals', Traditio 6 (1948) 349; idem, and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 283f. P. Landau, 'Die Entstehung der systematischen Dekretalensammlungen und die europäische Kanonistik des 12.Jahrhunderts', ZRG Kan. Abt. 66 (1979) 128-32; idem, 'Studien zur Appendix und den Glossen in frühen systematischen Dekretalensammlungen', BMCL 9 (1979) 1-21.


Appendix Darmstadt, a collection of decretals appended to Gratian's Decretum. Many of its items reappear in other appendices to the Decretum such as those in MSS Pommersfelden 142 (I-II) and Munich Clm 28175 (I).

MANUSCRIPTS: Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 907, fol. 255r-256v

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth-century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) xxiv. Kuttner, Repertorium 16, 274. R. Weigand, 'Die Dekretanhänge in den Handschriften Heiligenkreuz 44, Pommersfelden 142 und München 28175', BMCL 13 (1983) 8-17.


Appendix Graz, a small Decretal collection appended to Gratian's Decretum.

MANUSCRIPTS: Graz, Universitätsbibl. III.69, fol. 283v-284v

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth-century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) xxviii.


Appendix Harvard, a small Decretal collection appended to Gratian's Decretum.

MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge Ma., Harvard Law 64, last two folios

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth-century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) xxviii.


Appendix Heiligenkreuz forms a collection extravagantes with 44 items, of which only three were extracted from papal decretals dating after Gratian. The compilation shares a significant amount of material with those of Bernardus Papiensis.

EDITION: Analysis by R. Weigand, BMCL 13 (1983) 3-8.

MANUSCRIPTS: Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsbibl. MS 44, fol. 298ra-300vb.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand,, 'Die Dekretanhänge in den Handschriften Heiligenkreuz 44, Pommersfelden 142 und München 28175', BMCL 13 (1983) 1-25, at 1-8.


Appendix Munich I contains a collection of extravagantes including papal decretals down to Alexander III. It appears to be related to Appendix Heiligenkreuz.

EDITION: Analysis by R. Weigand, BMCL 13 (1986) 18-19.

MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 28175, fol. 2r-2v.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Die Dekretanhänge in den Handschriften Heiligenkreuz 44, Pommersfelden 142 und München 28175', BMCL 13 (1983) 1-25, at 1-8.


Appendix Oenipontana (formerly Collectio Oenipontana), a small Decretal collection appended to Gratians Decretum. Shows influence of the Appendix Concilii Lateranensis.

EDITION: Summary analysis by F. Maassen, SB Vienna 24 (1857) 64-66.

MANUSCRIPTS: Innsbruck, Universitätsbibl. 90, fol. 273-277

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 286. R. Weigand,, 'Burchardauszüge in Dekrethandschriften und ihre Verwendung bei Rufin und als Paleae im Dekret Gratians', AKKR 158 (1989) 429-51.


Appendix Pommersfelden I gives a list of extravagantes closely related to Appendix Heiligenkreuz.

EDITION: Analysis by R. Weigand, BMCL 13 (1983) 8-11.

MANUSCRIPTS: Pommersfelden, Bibl. Graf Schönborn 142, fol. 238vb-240ra.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Die Dekretanhänge in den Handschriften Heiligenkreuz 44, Pommersfelden 142 und München 28175', BMCL 13 (1983) 1-25, at 8-11.


Appendix Pommersfelden II, contains nine groups of extravagantes, each of which refers to a specific part of Gratian's Decretum. The texts consist mainly of patristic material.

EDITION: Analysis by R. Weigand, BMCL 13 (1983) 12-16.

MANUSCRIPTS: Pommersfelden, Bibl. Graf Schönborn 142, fol. 240rb-243rb.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Die Dekretanhänge in den Handschriften Heiligenkreuz 44, Pommersfelden 142 und München 28175', BMCL 13 (1983) 1-25, at 11-17; idem, 'Zusätzliche Paleae im Dekrethandschriften', ZRG Kan. Abt. 118 (1992).


'Ardua temptantes sub metrica iura medulliam...' (see under Marriage Tract:)


Arnulfus Teutonicus is a decretist once cited by Alanus Anglicus.

LITERATURE: F. Gillmann, AKKR 108 (1928) 602 n.3.


Azo de Lambertaciis (de Lambertazzi). The first news about Azo date back to 1258, when he was a consiliarius with dispensation. Since 1259, he appears as a doctor decretorum, then as a Bolognese professor and lawyer. A. was also a canon at Bologna. As a member of the Ghibelline party, he had to leave Bologna between 1274 and 1278, and was again penalized sometime later. He died probably in 1289.

LITERATURE: A. Iglesia Ferreirós, '?Azo de Bologna ou Azo de "Lambertazzi?",' AHDE 55 (1985) 749. Kuttner, Repertorium 53. R. Naz, 'Azzon de Lambertaciis', DDC 1 (1935) 1589-90. Schulte, QL II 143-44. Helene Wieruszowski, 'Deux documents concernant Azo de Lambertazzi', Traditio 15 (1959) 497-98; idem, Estudis universitaris catalans 18 (1933) 175-81.


b.-glosses on the Decretum were produced in the 1160's and 1170's. R. Weigand, has shown that the manuscripts use this siglum consistently, although it may refer in some of them to Bazianus, in others to Bernardus of Pavia. Weigand further believes that the author of the b.-glosses in MS Pommersfelden 142 was a third Bolognese canonist, not to be identified with either Bernard or Bazianus.

MANUSCRIPTS: Pommersfelden, Bibl. des Grafen Schönborn 142 (2744).

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Bazianus und B.-Glossen zum Dekret Gratian', SG 20 (1976) 453-96; idem, 'Die Glossen', SG 26, III.12.


Balbus (see Bernardus Papiensis)


Balduinus Brandenburgensis, a Franciscan, composed an important commentary on the Gregorian decretals, ca. 1266-70. He had studied theology at Paris, but probably also spent a considerable amount of time as a student of the canon law.

TEXTS: Summa titulorum sive scheda, MANUSCRIPT: Gdansk, MS 1873 (xviii.A.f.51) (books 1-3), MS 1874 (xviii.B.f.101) (books 4-5).

LITERATURE: H. Denifle, 'Zur Quellenkunde der Franziskaner-Geschichte: Balduin von Braunschweig', Archiv für Literatur- und Kirchengeschichte des Mittelalters 1 (1885) 630-40. B. Kurtscheid, 'De studio iuris canonici in ordine fratrum minorum saeculi XIII', Antonianum 2 (1927) 174-81. Schulte, QL II 498-503. A. Teetaert, 'Baudouin de Brandebourg ou de Brunswick', DDC 2 (1937) 263-66.


Baldwin (of Ford), a 'magister scholarum' in the mid-twelfth century. B. served as Archdeacon of Totnes in the diocese of Exeter from 1161-1170. He then retired to the Cistercian Abbey of Ford and became Abbot there by 1175. As Abbot, he served as a Papal judge-delegate on several occasions. B. became Bishop of Worcester in 1180, Archbishop of Canterbury in 1184, and died at Acre in 1190. As a canonist, Baldwin was a collector of Papal decretals (to Exeter, Worcester and Canterbury) and his influence may be seen behind the so-called 'Wigorniensis Group' of Decretal collections. (Collectiones Trinitatis, Wigorniensis, Claustroneoburgensis, Cheltenhamensis, Cottoniana, and Petrihusensis).

LITERATURE: Kuttner and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 282-85; Kuttner, 'Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the Schools (London 1983) 24; C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History(University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 111-115. J. Noonan, 'Was Gratian Approved at Ferrentino?', BMCL 6 (1976) 15-27 at 20-25. K. Schnith, 'Balduin of Canterbury', LMA 1 (1980) 1371-72.


Bandinus (Familiatus), Bolognese decretist and civilian (?).  A Bandinus is also cited by the anonymous author of the Fragmentum Cantabrigiense (before 1159).   Tancred mentions Bandinus in his Commentary on 1 Comp. 1.35.7 (X 3.22.3), Admont, Stftsbibl. 22, fol. 39r.  Bandinus Familiatus swore an oath to the city of Bologna on 31 December, 1198.  From Tancred's gloss one might assume that he also wrote on Roman law. 

Bandinus de Gaetano (Gattanus), iurisperitus, is mentioned in a document from Pistoia dated 1215 and witnessed the oath sworn by Bandinus Familiatus in 1198.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht (Münchener Theologische Studien 3. Kan. Abt. 16; Munich 1963) 1.122-23.   Manlio Bellomo, Saggio sull'università nell'età del diritto comune (Roma 1992) 43 n. 80.  Ennio Cortese, Il diritto nella storia medievale, 2: Il basso medioevo (Roma 1995) 155 n. 23.  K. Pennington, 'Lotharius of Cremona', BMCL 20 (1990) 45 and 50.

Bartholomeus Brixiensis (fl. 1234-58), a student of Tancred and the civilian Hugolinus and later professor of canon law at Bologna. He devoted most of his time to re-editing the canonistic works of his older colleagues which had been rendered obsolete by the appearance of the Decretales Gregorii IX in 1234. Besides revising Brocarda, the Historiae of Damasus, the ordo iudiciarius of Tancred, and the Casus of Benencasa Senensis, he also updated Johannes Teutonicus's Gloss to the Decretum (after 1234), adding his own comments. This text became the Glossa Ordinaria. Bartholomeus's Quaestiones have likewise been shown to be updates of an older collection.

TEXTS:1. Quaestiones dominicales et veneriales, MANUSCRIPTS: A. first recension (ca. 1227-34): Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 249, fol. 72r-86v; Paris, B.N. lat. 15424, fol. 147r-169vb. B. second recension (c.1234-41): Avignon, 281; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can 48, fol. 200-220; Basel, UB C.I.13 (2nd work); Berlin, Staatsbibl., fol. 305 (Rose 845) (incomplete); Darmstadt 317 (3rd work); Fulda, D.13; Leipzig, UB 972; 1024 (incomplete); 1063 (incomplete); Leipzig, Stadtbibl. 249; Magdeburg, Domgymnasium 155; Munich, Clm 4111; 5357; Perpignan 25 (incomplete); Prague, Kapitel J.XX; Reims 693; Rouen 740; Saint-Omer 253 (incomplete); Troyes, 1844; Vienna, Hofbibl. 2071; 2159; Wolfenbüttel 271; Würzburg, mp. s. f.7. Early Printed Edition: Rouen 1511.

2. Revised Glossa ordinaria Johannis Teutonici in Decretum, This version of the Ordinary Gloss appears regularly in the early printed editions of Gratian's Decretum.

3. Brocarda, Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1519; Tractatus xvii (Lyons 1549), fol. 25 ff.; Tractatus universi iuris xviii (Venice 1584), fol. 506 ff.

4. Casus decretorum (revision of the Casus of Benecasa Senensis), Early Printed Edition: Basel 1489 (Hain 2472); Lyons 1497.

5. Historie super libro decretorum, Early Printed Edition: Paris 1505 (with the Decretum Gratiani).

6. Ordo iudiciarius, MANUSCRIPTS: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 515, fol. 7-30.

LITERATURE: R. Abbondanza, DBI 6 (1963) 691b-696a. M. Bertram, 'Kanonistische Quaestionensammlungen von Bartholomaeus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 265-81. G. Fransen, 'Utrumque ius dans les Quaestiones Andegavenses', Études d'histoire du droit dédiées à Gabriel Le Bras (Paris 1965) 899. Kuttner, Repertorium 103-22, 453-54. G. Le Bras, 'Bartholomaeus Brixiensis', DDC 2 (1937) 216-17. Schulte, QL II 83-88. H. Zapp, 'Bartholomeus Brixiensis', LMA 1 (1980) 1493.


Bartholomaeus de Labro, nothing is known about this canonist other than that he taught canon law at Bologna around 1284 and that a questio of his survives from the same year.

TEXTS: Questio

MANUSCRIPT: Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 175.


Bartholomew of Exeter (d.1184), an English canonist and author of a penitential Summa which became one of the sources of Robert of Flamsborough's work. He also produced numerous theological writings.

TEXTS: Liber penitentialis, EDITION: A. Morey, Bartholomew of Exeter, bishop and canonist(Cambridge 1937) 160-300 (based solely on MS London). MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Cotton Vitell. A.XII;

LITERATURE: Kuttner and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 295, 318; H. Oesterle, 'Balduin von Exeter', LMA 1 (1980) 1494.
 

Bazianus (Basianus), one of the most active Bolognese decretists of the 1180's. His glosses, carrying various sigla ('magister basianus', 'b', 'ba', 'baz', 'bar', etc.) appear in most gloss-compositions of the period, such as the apparatus Ordinaturus Magister. He does not seem to have composed a coherent work of his own, but there are several contemporary Summae which closely follow his teachings. His influence on the Summa Casinensis, for example, was very strong. Little is known about his life, but if we believe the information given on a tombstone in the cathedral of Bologna, Bazianus was a native of Bologna and died there in 1197. Most scholars since Diplovatatius have distinguished the decretist Bazianus from Johannes Bassianus (Cremonensis), the famous Roman lawyer. To the contrary, Annalisa Belloni and Domenico Maffei have recently presented evidence which may favor their identification as one person.   It should be noted that the sigla 'Io. Cre. ', or 'Io. b.' were uniform when referring to the civilian.   André Gouron, however, has argued that the two jurists should be distinguished from each other.

TEXTS:1. Glosse (A large number of single glosses on Gratian's Decretum).

EDITIONS: Several glosses have been printed by: M. Bertram, ZRG Kan. Abt. 66 (1970) 12-15; J. V. Schulte, 'Die Glosse zum Dekret Gratians', Denkschriften der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, phil. - hist. Classe 21 (Vienna 1872) 56-64; R. Weigand, 'Bazianus and B.-Glossen zum Dekret Gratians', SG 19 (1976) 453-496.

2. Quaestiones (see Quaestiones Casinenses II)

3. Reportatio on the Decretum (?)

MANUSCRIPTS: See the Summa Casinensis, which seems to be based on such a reportatio.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, 'Baziano, cioé Giovanni Bassiano, legista e canonista del secolo XII', TRG 57 (1989) 69-85. A. Gouron, 'A la convergence des deux droits:  Jean Bassien, Bazianus et maître Jean', TRG 59 (1991) 319-32.  Kuttner, Repertorium 250; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 293 n.9. F. Liotta, 'Baziano', Dizionario biografico degli italiani (Rome 1965) 313-15; idem, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 179-87. D. Maffei, 'Fra Bologna, Montpellier et Palencia: Studi su Ugolino de Sesso', Rivista internazionale di diritto commune 1 (1990) 13 n.16. M. Sarti and M. Fattorini, De claris archigymnasii Bononiensis professoribus a saeculo XI usque ad saeculum XIV I (Bologna 1769) 367-69. Schulte, QL I 154-56. A. Stickler, 'Sacerdotium et Regnum nei decretisti e primi decretalisti', Salesianum 15 (1953) 607-10. R. Weigand, 'Bazianus und B.-Glossen zum Dekret Gratians', SG 19 (1976) 453-496.  Idem. 'Frühe Kanonisten und ihre Karriere in der Kirche', ZRG Kan. Abt. 76 (1990) 145, 155 n. 97. A. Zeliauskas, De excommunicatione vitiata apud glossatores (Zurich 1967) 235-36, 86.


Benencasa Aretinus (also Benincasa Senensis), was born in Arezzo, taught in Bologna and died in Siena in 1206. Benencasa composed the Casus on the Decretum (after 1191) which were used by Bartholomeus Brixiensis in his recension of Johannes Teutonicus's Ordinary Gloss.

TEXTS:1. Casus decretorum, EDITION: As revised by Bartholomaeus Brixiensis in the Decretumof Gratian, ed. Paris 1505; MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Stadtbibl. 394, fol. 1-59; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 91, fol. 5-72v; Basel, Universitätsbibl. C.I.13, fol. -227rb; Hereford, Cathed. Libr. O.VI.14, fol. 62ff; Heverlee (Louvain), Abbaye de Parc, flyleaves; Kaliningrad (Königsberg), Universitätsbibl. 35, fol. 1-73v (incomplete; now lost?); Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 984, fol. 1-58v [ breaks off at C.26 q.7 c.13]; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 988, fol. 1-239 (ends at De cons. D.2 c.36); Lindau, Stadtarchiv P.I.49, fol. 1-7 (D.51 c.5-C.1 q.1 c.115); London, Brit. Libr. Royal 9.E.VII, fol. 161-190 (includes C.2 - C.35 q.6 c.8); Madrid, Bib. Nac. 251 (last gloss-layer); 2221; Olomouc, Statny Arch. C.O.48; Oxford, Bodleian Laud. Misc. 646, fol. 129-184; Paris, B.N. lat. 3922, fol. 13-54v; lat. 15393 (inserted into the apparatus Ius naturale of Alanus Anglicus); lat. 14320, fol. 2-76; Paris, Bibl. Mazarine 1041, fol. 121-161; Plock, Diocesean Libr. 80, fol. 1-101v (destroyed in WW II); Prague, Nat. Mus. XVII A 12 (fourth set; selection of texts only); Rome, Casanatense 1910, fol. 111-169v; Vienna, ÖNB 2142, fol. 49-118v; Worcester Cathed. F.159, fol. 103-152v; Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 297, fol. 1-85v.

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 229-230, 431-33; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 284 n.26; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 284, 289 n.56; Kuttner, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts II', Traditio 12 (1956) 566; idem, 'Universal pope or servant of God's servants', RDC 32 (1981) 140; idem, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools (London 1983) 10, 13. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 188-95. R. Naz, 'Benencasa ou Benincasa Senensis', DDC 2 (1937) 747. Schulte, QL I 170-71. H. Van de Wouw, 'Benencasa', LMA 1 (1980) 1907. R. Weigand,, 'Die Rechtslehre der Scholastik bei den Dekretisten und Dekretalisten', La norma en el derecho canonico(Pamplona 1989/90) 109-90?.


Berengarius Senensis, appears as a Bolognese canonist between 1242 and 1247.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 174.


Bernard (pseudo-) of Bologna (XII century), is the name given to the author of a tract on the writing of privileges which is found at the end of Bernard of Bologna's Ars dictandi, second recension. This Bernard, however, was not the true author.

TEXTS: De doctrina priuilegiorum

EDITION: R. Spence, BMCL 12 (1982) 56-63.

LITERATURE: R. Spence, 'A twelfth-century treatise on the writing of privileges', BMCL 12 (1982) 51-63.


Bernard of Pavia (see Bernardus Papiensis)


Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus, canonist teaching and writing at Bologna from the end of the twelfth century well into the second decade of the thirteenth. Bernardus was unique among canonists in holding that the Emperor in Constantinople was the 'verus imperator'. Bernardus wrote glosses on the Decretum (c.1206-10) which have been preserved in the last layer of glosses in Gniezno MS 28. Bernardus wrote glosses on Compilatio prima, and may also have written on Compilatio secundathough such glosses have not been found. In two manuscripts from Vienna and the monastery of Zwettl may be found a reportatio of quaestiones from Bernardus which he put together while teaching at the short-lived school of Vicenza (1204-9). His most important work was a collection of Innocent III's decretals, the Compilatio Romana. Other sources attest that Bernardus wrote glosses on Compilatio secunda and a tract on marriage, though these works have never been identified. A manuscript in Douai contains an epilogue to Compilatio tertia bearing Bernardus's sigla. Bernardus' last work was a group of additiones to Johannes Teutonicus's gloss on the Decretum written in 1216-17. Bernardus' identification with the homonymous archdeacon of Santiago, attested between 1183 and 1232, is not certain.

TEXTS:1. Glosses on the Decretum (1201-05), MANUSCRIPTS: Gniezno MS 28.

2. Glosses on Compilatio prima (1205-06, Bologna) MANUSCRIPTS: Modena Bibl. Estense a R.4.16 (lat. 968), fol. 1-76 (third stratum); Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349; Freiburg, Universitätsbibl. 361a.

3. Glosses on Compilatio secunda (lost)

4. Compilatio Romana This collection was made up of Decretals from the first ten years of the reign of Pope Innocent III. Bernardus relied on the compilations of Alanus and Gilbertus for the texts of decretals, but there is evidence that he also consulted the Papal registers. Bernardus seems to have been a cavalier editor, cutting out much material from the texts of Decretals. For this reason, perhaps, Petrus Beneventanus was inspired to create another compilation of Innocent's decretals, the Compilatio tertia, which quickly superseded Bernardus's work.DATE/PLACE: 1208, Bologna EDITION: H. Singer, 'Die Dekretalensammlung des Bernardus Compostellanus antiquus', SB Wien 171, ii. (1914) 1-119.

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Harley 3834, fol. 202-356v; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 9 B. XI; Modena, Bibl. Estense XII L. 8; Paris, B.N. lat. 18223.

5. Quaestiones disputate (1204-09) EDITION: G. Fransen, Traditio 21 (1965) 492-501, has offered a summary analysis. MANUSCRIPTS: Vienna, ÖNB 2163 86va-90v; Zwettl 162 173-178v.

6. Summa de materia electionum (lost)

7. Epilogue to Compilatio tertia; MANUSCRIPT: Douai, Bibl. Munic. 598, fol. 120r.

8. Additiones ad Glossam ordinariam Johannis Teutonici (1216-17) MANUSCRIPT: Vatican, Bibl. Ap. lat. 1367 (second layer).

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, 'Deux collections de Questions', Traditio 21 (1964) 492-501. A. García y García, 'La Canonística Ibérica (1150-1250) en la investigación reciente', BMCL 11 (1981) 55. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 277-340; idem, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools of law 1140-1234 (London 1983) 7-23. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 230-39. P. Ourliac, 'Bernard de Compostelle l 'ancien', DDC 2 (1937) 775. K. Pennington, 'The French Recension of Compilatio tertia', BMCL 5 (1975) 53-71; idem, 'The Making of a Decretal Collection: The Genesis of Compilatio tertia', Proceedings Salamanca (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1980). Schulte, QL I 85, 190. M.L. Taranta, 'Bernardo da Vompostella', DBI 9 (1967) 267-69. R. Weigand, 'Neue Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio 21 (1965) 482-84; idem, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 16; Munich 1963) 290-94. idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 280-81 and passim; Kenneth Pennington, ADecretal Collections 1190-1234,@ The History of Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140‑1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, edited by Wilfried Hartmann and Kenneth Pennington (History of Medieval Canon Law; Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2008) 293-317


Bernardus Compostellanus junior, a canonist and papal capellanus active in the years 1245-1267.

TEXTS: 1. Commentary on book 1 of the Decretales Gregorii  EDITIONS: Bernardus Compostellanus,  Lectura aurea in primum librum Decretalium,cum Apostillis Anthonii de Crevant, Parisii : Galliot, 1516(Information provided by Andreas Thier ); Venice 1588.

MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. Munic. 368, fol. 43-92, and 377; Arras, Bibl. Munic. 39 and 407; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 00 [P.II.3]; Basel, Universitätsbibl. C.i.18; Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 237, 316, 323, and 329; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853; Prague, Mus. M.17; St. Omer, Bibl. Munic. 160; Tarazona, Cat. 87; Toledo, Cab. 16-19, fol. 1-45rb, and 16-20; Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 949; Valencia, Cat. 310, fol. 186ra-275va; Venice, Marc. 33; Würzburg, Universitätsbibl. Mp.s.5 and 6.

2. Summarium sive Margarita ad apparatum in Decretales Innocentii IV  EDITION: Paris 1516. MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 18223; Syracuse, University Library, 1, fol. 2r-12v; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2138.

3. Apparatus in Decretales Innocentii IV (in two recensions, the first ca. 1246-53, the second after 1258) MANUSCRIPTS: Barcelona, Cat. 93; Olomouc, Kap. 268, fol. 1-14.

LITERATURE: G. Barraclough, EHR 49 (1934) 487-94; idem, 'Bernard de Compostelle le jeune', DDC 2 (1937) 777-79. A. Bernal Palacios, 'Repertorios del Comentario de Inocencio IV a las Decretales de Gregorio IX', Escritos del vedat 17 (1987) 143-72; idem, 'El Repertorio existente en la Biblioteca Universitaria de Barcellona del comentario de Inocencio IV', Escritos del vedat 18 (1988) 125-200. A. García y García, 'Notas sobre la canonística ibérica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 162-63; idem, 'La Canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de las Cienicas eclesiasticas en España 1 (1967) 409. Kuttner, ZRG Kan. Abt. 26 (1937) 455ff; idem, SDHI 6 (1940) 73 n.7. Schulte, QL II 118-20.


Bernardus de Montemirato (Abbas antiquus), born c. 1225 at Montmirat, near Nîmes. He studied and taught canon law at Bologna, as is attested by his Lectura on the Gregorian decretals, written c.1259-66. The latter date can be determined through the records of the Benedictine abbey of Aniane (near Montpellier), where he first appeared in 1266. Later in the same year, Pope Clement IV made him abbot of Montmajour. In 1386, he was appointed to the bishopric of Tripoli in Syria, but did not arrive there as long as it was still in the crusader's hands (until 1289). After several years in papal diplomatic service, he was finally assigned the administration of the monastery of Montecassino (1295), where he died in 1296.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura decretalium Gregorii IX EDITIONS: Strasbourg 1510; In libros decretalium aurei commentarii I (Venice 1588), fol. 1r-152r.

2. Lectura decretalium Innocentii IV MANUSCRIPTS: (following Schulte, QL II 132 n.8) Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 58; Cassel, Landesbibl. Jur. in, fol. 5; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853; Prague, Mus. I.B.3-4; Prague, Metrop. Chap. I.XIV.

3. Distinctiones MANUSCRIPTS: (following Schulte, QL II 132 n.12): Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 58; Cassel, Landesbibl. Jur. in, fol. 5; Frankfurt, Stadtbibl. 43; Prague, Mus. I.B.3-4.

LITERATURE: Kuttner, 'Wer war der Dekretalist Abbas antiquus?', ZRG Kan. Abt. 26 (1937) 471-89; Schulte, QL II 130-32; anon., 'Bernardo da Montmirat', DBI 9 (1967) 274-275.


Bernardus Papiensis prepositus cuius breviarium, the incipit of two related Summae on Compilatio I from the Parisian school of Petrus Brito (ca. 1201-10) See also entry on Petrus Brito.

EDITION: Several excerpts have been compared and printed by R. Weigand, Traditio 22 (1970) 450-454.

MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 15398, fol. 289v-292v (misbound and fragmentary); St. Omer, Bibl. Munic. 107, fol. 3-114v.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, 'Trois notes', Traditio 26 (1970) 444; Kuttner, Repertorium 391. R. Weigand, 'Glossenapparat zur Compilatio prima aus der Schule des Petrus Brito', Traditio 26 (1970) 449-457.



Bernardus Papiensis (Balbus), born in Pavia. Bernardus studied at Bologna under Bazianus, Gandulphus, and (perhaps) Huguccio. He taught at Bologna during the 1170's and then spent time at Rome working in the curia. In 1187, Bernardus became Provost of Pavia. In 1191, he succeeded Johannes Faventinus as Bishop of Faenza. In 1198, he was postulated to the bishopric of Pavia. He died there on 18 September 1213.

Bernardus was the most important twelfth-century canonist after Huguccio. He wrote glosses on the Decretum which formed the core of the apparatus Ordinaturus magister, which passed for the Ordinary Gloss to the Decretum until the time of Johannes Teutonicus. But Bernardus's lasting achievement was as a decretalist. Bernardus first compiled a modest decretal collection, the Collection in ninety-five titles (or Parisiensis II), between 1177-1179. But far more important was Bernardus's creation, around 1190, of the large, systematic decretal collection, Breuiarium extrauagantium, which became the model for all subsequent collections. He also wrote glosses, Casus and a Summa on the Breuiarium organized by title which helped to establish the genre of the Summa super titulis. The chronology of Bernardus's writings poses significant problems; it seems likely that he wrote and then revised most of his works at least once and perhaps several times.

TEXTS:1. Glosses on Decretum (See Ordinaturus Magister)

2. Collection in ninety-five titles (see Collectio Parisiensis II)

3. Breuiarium extrauagantium (See Compilatio prima).

4. Glosses on Compilatio I MANUSCRIPTS: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349 (together with the apparatus of Alanus); Fulda, Landesbibl. D.5 (with Alanus); Munich, Clm 6352 (together with the apparatus of Ricardus Anglicus); Munich, Clm 8302 (with Ricardus Anglicus); Munich, Clm 3879 (with Alanus); Karlsruhe, Landesbibl. Aug. XL (with Alanus). For other MSS including Bernard's glosses see Kuttner, Repertorium 323; and idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 312 n.19.

5. Summa titulorum decretalium (ca. 1191-98) EDITION: E. Theodor Laspeyres, ed. Bernardus Papiensis Faventini episcopi Summa decretalium (Regensburg 1860; repr. Graz 1956) 1-283 [used manuscripts Halle, Leipzig, Munich, Clm 16083, 22304, and 4592, Paris, and Vienna].MANUSCRIPTS: Avignon, Bibl. de la Ville 661, fol. 85-119v; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 45, fol. 8-22; Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 350; Bern, Stadt. A. 94 [19 folios; ends at 1 Comp. 2.20]; Cambrai, Stadtbibl. 253, fol. 82-113v (ends at 1 Comp. 4.19); Cues, Hospital 226, fol. 38-48v (ends at 1 Comp. 5.15); Fulda, Landesbibl. D.5, fol. 1-83 (with decretal text); Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye. 80, fol. 1-78 (with decretal text); Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 982; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 9. E. XIV, fol. 191-197v (ends at 1 Comp. 4.1); Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell 'abbazia 46, p. 1-278 (excerpts only; with decretal text); Munich, Clm 3507, fol. 51ff; Munich, Clm 4592, fol. 76-117; Munich, Clm 16083, fol. 5-36; Munich, Clm 22304, fol. 84-130; Paris, B.N. lat. 3934A, fol. 1-20; Rome, Bibl. Vallicelliana C.44, fol. 4-40v; Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 385 (with decretal text); Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2691, fol. 21-44v; Vat. lat. 11502, fol. 1-103; Vercelli, Arch. Cap. 176 [Ar. 191], fol. 17-49; Vienna, ÖNB 1326, fol. 111-132; Berkeley, School of Law, Robbins Coll. 7

6. Casus decretalium (after 1198) EDITION: in part by E. Theodor Laspeyres (1860) 327-52 [used MS Frankfurt am Main, Stadtbibl. 43]. MANUSCRIPTS: Alba Iulia, Bibl. Batthyanyana 292, fol. 1r-40v; Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 350; Chalons-sur-Saône, Bibl. de la Ville 16; Frankfurt am Main, Stadtbibl. 43; Fulda, Landesbibl. D. 5, fol. 1-83 (excerpts only; with decretal text); Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 984, fol. 67-89v; Oxford, Bodleian Library lat. misc. 60 (14 leaves containing parts of books 3 and 4); Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2691, fol. 59-82; Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 279, fol. 86r-106r.

7. Summa de electione (ca. 1177-79) EDITION: E. T. Laspeyres (1860) 307-23.

MANUSCRIPTS: Amiens, Bibl. Munic. 377, fol. 148va-151ra; Ivrea 67, fol. 46ra-47vb (incomplete); Paris, B.N. lat. 1566, fol. 69vb-78vb.

8. Summa de matrimonio (ca. 1173-79) EDITION: E. T. Laspeyres (1860) 287-306 (based on MS Paris, B.N. lat. 1566); F. Kunstmann, AKKR 6 (1861) 223-62 (based on MS Paris and Munich, Clm 8302). MANUSCRIPTS: Amiens, Bibl. Munic. 377, fol. 151ra-54vb; Munich, Clm 8302; Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell 'abbazia 396, p. 1-20; Paris, B.N. lat. 1566, fol. 56ra-69vb; lat. 3454, fol. 49-52; Torino, Bibl. Nat. D.V.2, fol. 99-109; Würzburg, Universitätsbibl. Mp. th., fol. 122, fol. 26v-31r; Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 162, fol. 66-70r.

9. Argumenta or Notabilia MANUSCRIPTS: Melk, Stiftsbibl. 190 (333), fol. 252v-254v.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 9-10; F. Cantelar, 'Bernardus Papiensis: "Doctor meus Hugo": Huguccio of Pisa or Hugo de San Victor?', ZRG Kan. Abt. 55 (1969) 448-57. J. Hanenburg, 'Decretals and Decretal Collections in the Second Half of the twelfth century', TRG 34 (1966) 522-99. F. Kunstmann, 'Das Eherecht des Bischofs Bernhard von Pavia', AKKR 6 (1861) 223-62. Kuttner, Repertorium 322-323, 387-90, 398-99, 462; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 295-300, 312-315; Kuttner, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the schools of law(London 1983) 15-17. E. T. Laspeyres, ed. Bernardus Papiensis Faventini episcopi Summa decretalium (Regensburg 1860; repr. Graz 1956). G. Le Bras, 'Bernard de Pavie', DDC 2 (1937) 782-89. F. Liotta, 'Bernardo di Pavia', DBI 9 (1967) 279-84; idem, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 305-9. H. Müller, Der Anteil der Laien an der Bischofswahl (Amsterdam 1977) 78-84; Schulte, QL I 78-82, 175-82. R. Weigand,, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I(Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 16; Munich 1963) 241-60; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 416, 422; idem, 'Bazianus- und B.-Glossen zum Dekret Gratians', SG 20 (1976) 477-90; idem, 'Die Glossen', SG 26 III.11.


Bernardus Parmensis (Bottono, de Botone), born in the late twelfth or early thirteenth century, Bernardus studied canon law at Bologna under Tancred; eventually he became a canon and taught canon law there. By 1247, Bernard was also a papal chaplain. His major work was his gloss on the decretals of Gregory IX, which became the Glossa Ordinaria. Bernardus revised and rewrote this work repeatedly from 1241 until his death in 1266, resulting in at least four recensions.

TEXTS:1. Gloss to the Decretales Gregorii IX (Glossa ordinaria) Bernardus integrated many glosses by Alanus, Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus, Laurentius, Tancredus, and Vincentius on the Compilationes antique into a large apparatus which quickly became accepted as the Glossa ordinaria. MANUSCRIPTS: A. first version (1234-41): Oxford, Bodl. Th.b.4;B. second version (1243-45): C. third version (1245-53): D. fourth version (1263):

2. Casus longi (ad Decretales) EDITIONS: (Hain 2929-2939); Venice 1477.

3. Notabilia

4. Summa super titulis decretalium MANUSCRIPTS: Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 245; Frankfurt, Stadtbibl. 155; Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 559; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2190.

LITERATURE: R. Abbondanza, 'Bernardus da Parma', DBI 9 (1967) 276-9; Kuttner and B. Smalley, 'The Glossa Ordinaria to the Gregorian decretals', EHR 60 (1945) 97-105. Kuttner, 'Notes on the Glossa ordinaria of Bernard of Parma', BMCL 11 (1981) 86-93. P. Ourliac, 'Bernard de Parme ou de Botone', DDC 2 (1937) 781-2. Schulte, QL II 114-17. H. Zapp, 'Bernardus de Bottone', LMA 1 (1980) 1976.


Bertoldus, a Bolognese canonist, left a questio from 1283. Johannes Andreae later cites him in his Novelle ad Sextum (VI 1.6.25, 1.15.2, and 3.6.1).

TEXT: 1. Questio MANUSCRIPT: Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 175.


Bertrandus, a canonist of the early thirteenth century who wrote glosses on the Decretum. He is often cited in Guido de Baysio's Rosarium. His glosses appear in Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 2 (second layer).

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 100-101; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 333 n.51.


Boatinus of Mantua, studied canon law, probably at Bologna. He then taught at Padua for forty-four years. He became a canon of the Cathedral sometime after 1275. From ca. 1283 to 1295, he was archpriest of the chapter. He died in Padua in 1300.

TEXTS:1. Commentary on the Decretales Gregorii MANUSCRIPTS: Prague, Mus. I.B.4, fol. 1-70; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2219, fol. 111ra-67rb.

2. Commentary on the Constitutions of Lyons II (1277) MANUSCRIPTS: Prague, Mus. I.B.4; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2219.

LITERATURE: Anon. 'Bovetini, Bovetino de', DBI 13 (1971) 543-46. M. Bertram, 'Zur Wissenschaftlichen Bearbeitung der Konstitutionen Gregors X', QF 53 (1973) 459-67 at 463. Schulte, QL II 157-60; A. Teetaert, 'Bovetino de Bovettini', DDC 2 (1937) 976-80.


Bonaguida Aretinus, advocate at the Roman curia during the pontificate of Innocent IV (1241-54). His writing on the advocacy deal with the practical, procedural concerns of his profession. It was an important source of the ordines of Egidius de Fuscarariis and Guilelmus Durantis. Bonaguida's Consuetudines offer a unique source for the administrative routines of the papal curia and the chancery in the thirteenth century.

TEXTS: 1. Summa super officio advocationis, EDITION: A. Wunderlich, Anecdota quae processum civilem spectant (Göttingen 1841) 132-345.

2. Tractatus de dispensationibus (based on Johannes de Deo), EDITION: Tractatus universi iuris xiv (Venice 1584), fol. 173-75.

3. Consuetudines Curie Romane, EDITION: L. Wahrmund, 'Die consuetudines curiae Romanae', AKKR 79 (1899) 3-19.

4. Gemma sive Margarita Decretalium, EDITION: Tractatus plurimorum doctorum (Lyons 1519), fol. 31-69.

LITERATURE: G. Barraclough, 'Bonaguida de Aretinis', DDC 2 (1937) 934-40; S. Caprioli, 'Bonaguida d'Arezzo', DBI 11 (1969) 512-13; Schulte, QL II 110-13. H. Van de Wouw, 'Bonaguida Aretinus', LMA 2 (1981) 401.


Breuiarium extrauagantium (see Compilatio Prima)


Brocarda Florianensia, the title given to two collections of brocarda in two MSS from St. Florian. The first (I) is doctrinally dependent on the Generalia of Ricardus Anglicus, while the second (II) is more primitive an older.

MANUSCRIPT: Saint Florian, Stiftsbibl. XI.346, fol. 156rb-180v, 155r-156ra (I); Saint Florian, Stiftsbibl. XI.720, fol. 73-81 (II).

LITERATURE: Kuttner, Repertorium 422; idem, 'Reflexions sur les Brocards des Glossateurs', Mélanges Joseph de Ghellinck, S.J. II (Gembloux 1951) 779 n.50.


Brocarda 'Quod nullus privetur iure suo' (see Brocarda Florianensia I)


Brocarda de presumptionibus (see Summa de presumptionibus)


Brocarda MS Vatican, lat. 10754, offer a series of canonistic arguments taken from parts (D.1 c.10 - D.96 c.11) of the Summa of Simon of Bisignano, but with a different treatment.

MANUSCRIPT: Vatican, Bibl. Ap. lat. 10754, fol. 83-85r.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 16; Kuttner, 'Réflexions sur les Brocards des Glossateurs', Mélanges Joseph de Ghellinck, S.J.II (Gembloux 1951) 778.


Buonaguida of Arezzo (see Bonaguida Aretinus)


Burchard of Strasbourg (fl. ca. 1295), a Dominican at the local convent, is known as the author of a penitential Summa iuris, which offered an update and adaptation of the homonymous work of Raymond of Penyafort.

TEXTS: Summa casuum, MANUSCRIPTS: Assisi, Bibl. Comm. 636, fol. 1-76; Bruges, Bibl. Commun. 305; Donaueschingen, Stadtbibl. 223; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 367, fol. 1-93; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1016; Munich, Clm 7810, lat. 7828; Nîmes, Bibl. Munic. 47; Oxford, Bodl. Laud. Misc. 483, fol. 1-96; Oxford, Bodl. Can. misc. 83, fol. 1-98; Padova, Bibl. Anton. XVIII.394 and XXII.540; Paris, B.N. lat. 3253; Prague, Universitätsbibl. IV.E.9; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 1709.

LITERATURE: J. Dietterle, 'Die "Summae confessorum (sive de casibus conscientiae)" von ihren Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 25 (1904) 268-72; T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 1 (Rome 1970) 256-57; P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 42; Schulte, QL II 423-24; A. Teetaert, 'Burchard de Strasbourg', DDC 2 (1937) 1136-1141.

Cardinalis, see Raymond des Arènes
 


Casus decretorum (See Benencasa Senensis, Bartholomeus Brixiensis)

 

Casus decretorum 'Duo dicit'

MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 2 (third layer).

LITERATURE: Stephan Kuttner, Repertorium 232.


Casus decreti 'Tractaturus': in 1936 Stephan Kuttner identified this work in three manuscripts (Berlin, lat. oct. 26 and Trier 922, and London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11.A.II), however he has since determined that these manuscripts contain two different works: the Summa breuis of Ricardus Anglicus in the London manuscript and an anomyous Summa breuis taken from Bartholomeus Brixiensis's Casus decretorum in the manuscripts of Berlin and Trier.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Sur les origines du terme "droit positif"', RHD 4-15 (1936) 735; idem, 'Retractationes III', The History of Ideas and Doctrines in the Middle Ages (London 1980) 5.

 

Casus ad Compilationem primam 'Canones debent ab omnibus observari'

MANUSCRIPTS: Avranches, Bibl. de la Ville, 156, fol. 35-40; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.10, fol. 88r-96v; Graz, Universitätsbibl. 41/31; Kaliningrad (Königsberg), Univ. 17, fol. 59-64v; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 928, fol. 109-126v; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 975, fol., fol. 154-159v; Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud. Misc. 646, fol. 13-22; Paris, B.N. lat. 3922, fol. 66-73; lat. 17530, fol. 1ff; Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal 394, fol. 42-54.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 400. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 359-60; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung in kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 343-44.


Casus ad Compilationem primam 'Canones generaliter non abrogati'

MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. de la Ville 329, fol. 26-.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 401


Casus ad Compilationem primam 'Dicitur quod canones observandi'

MANUSCRIPTS: Bruges, Grande-Seminaire 44-63, fol. 135-140v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 401


 

Casus ad Compilationem primam (manuscripts containing unidentified and fragmentary works): Paris, B.N. lat. 3931, fol. 51-60v; Worcester, Cathed. F.159, fol. 1-9v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 401-2.


Casus ad Compilationem secundam 'Cives Anconitani'

MANUSCRIPTS: Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye. 52, fol. 6-8 (ends at 2 Comp. 5.1.2); Kaliningrad (Königsberg), Universitätsbibl. 17, fol. 66-69v; Paris, B.N. lat. 3922, fol. 73-77v; lat. 3931, fol. 62ff.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 402.


Casus ad Compilationem secundam 'Quesivit Anconitanus'

MANUSCRIPTS: Avranches, Bibl. de la Ville 156, fol. 41ff; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 91, fol. 87-94v; Fulda Landesbibl. D.10, fol. 96-102v; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 928, fol. 126v-141; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 975, fol. 159v-164v; Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud. Misc. 646, fol. 22-29r; Paris, B.N. lat. 17530, fol. 11v-19; Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal 394, fol. 63bis-76v; Worcester, Cathed. F.159, fol. 10-16v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 402-403


Casus ad Compilationem secundam 'Preterea Clemens' etc. (see under Abbreviatio)


Casus ad Compilationem tertiam 'In prima parte huius capituli' (see Vincentius Hispanus)



Casus ad Compilationem tertiam 'In principio capituli'

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 91, fol. 103-110v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 404-405; R. Weigand, Die bedignte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 344-45.

 

Casus ad Compilationem tertiam 'Scribit dominus papa'

AUTHOR: Magister Guido (attributed in the rubrics of the MSS Leipzig 928 and Paris 14320)

MANUSCRIPTS: Kaliningrad (Königsberg), Universitätsbibl. 17 [Kat. XXXVII], fol. 70-81v; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 928, fol. 142-180v; Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud. Misc. 646, fol. 30-49v; Paris, B.N. lat. 14320, fol. 98-120; lat. 17530, fol. 19-38v; Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal 394, fol. 77-122v; Worcester, Cathed. F.159, fol. 31-41.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 404-05. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 358-59.


Casus ad Compilationem tertiam 'Scribit magistris papa'

MANUSCRIPTS: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 975, fol. 164v-171v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 405.

Casus ad Compilationem quartam 'In prima parte dicitur'

MANUSCRIPTS: Kaliningrad (Königsberg), Universitätsbibl. 17 [Kat. XXXVII], fol. 82-85v; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 928, fol. 181-192; Paris, B.N. lat. 14320, fol. 120-126; Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal 394, fol. 125-137.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 406.





Casus ad Compilationem quartam 'Primo dicitur'

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19, fol. 110v, 86-85; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 975, fol. 170v-172v; Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud. Misc. 646, fol. 50-56; Paris, B.N. lat. 17530, fol. 38v-44v; Worcester, Cathed. F.159, fol. 41-45v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 407. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 368-69.





Casus ad Constitutiones Lateranensis concilii quarti, 'Dividitur capitulum'

MANUSCRIPTS: Fulda Landesbibl. D.10, fol. 110-111.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 405-06.





Casus ad Constitutiones Lateranensis concilii (Parisienses)

EDITION: A. García y García, (MIC A-2; Vatican City 1981)

LITERATURE: A. García y García, Constitutiones concilii quarti Lateranensis una cum commentariis glossatorum (MIC A-2; Vatican City 1981).





Casus et notabilia decretalium (on Decretales Gregorii IX)

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 64 (contains the prologue, inc. Sicut omnium liberalium artium); Paris, B.N. lat. 14470, fol. 41r-144r.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Johannes Teutonicus, das vierte Laterankonzil und die Compilatio quarta', Miscellanea Giovanni Mercati (Studi e Testi 125; Vatican City 1946) 608-34, at 626 n.17 = idem, Medieval Councils (London 1980), with 'Retractationes X' 11.





Casus ad Constitutiones Lugdunensis Concilii primi 'Siquis impugnans'

MANUSCRIPTS:

LITERATURE: P. J. Kessler, ZRG Kan. Abt. 32 (1943) 228-30, 33 (1944) 104-06.





Casus fragmentum Parisiense

MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 3934A, fol. 104-106v (covering D.45 c.1-D.47 c.2; D.38-D.45 c.1; D.17-D.21 c.3).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 232





Casus legum I, offer a collection of summaries (casus) of those laws to which Bartholomaeus Parmensis refers in his Glossa ordinaria on Liber extra. The compiler was probably from Paris and the original purpose of his work may have been to provide a reference book for the local school of canon law which since the prohibition of Honorius III from 1219 (Super specula) was denied the direct involvement in civilian studies. Soon it became a useful tool for canonists all over Europe who could not afford full copies of the legal sources.

MANUSCRIPTS: see M. Bertram - M. Duynstee, TRG 51 (1983) 336-38, 363.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram - M. Duynstee, 'Casus legum sive suffragia monachorum. Legistische Hilfsmittel für Kanonisten im späteren Mittelalter', TRG 51 (1983) 317-63.





Casus legum II, a thoroughly revised version of the casus legum I which in a few manuscripts further contains decretal material from the first two of the decretal collections issued by Pope Innocent IV in 1245/46.

MANUSCRIPTS: see M. Bertram - M. Duynstee, TRG 51 (1983) 338-39.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram - M. Duynstee, 'Casus legum sive suffragia monachorum. Legistische Hilfsmittel für Kanonisten im späteren Mittelalter', TRG 51 (1983) 317-63; P. J. Kessler, 'Untersuchungen über die Novellen-gesetzgebung Papst Innozenz IV.', ZRG Kan. Abt. 33 (1944) 107-112.





Casus legum on the Ordo iudiciarius of Tancred, a compilation from Paris which was based on one of the two French revisions of Tancred's work (c.1225/34). The work was fairly popular and there even circulated a translation into German.

MANUSCRIPTS: see M. Bertram - M. Duynstee, TRG 51 (1983) 331-35

LITERATURE: M. Bertram - M. Duynstee, 'Casus legum sive suffragia monachorum. Legistische Hilfsmittel für Kanonisten im späteren Mittelalter', TRG 51 (1983) 331-35, 339-42, 361-63.





Chunradus von Kremsmünster, magister, appears shortly before 1300 as the donator of canon law books to the abbey of Kremsmünster. Among them was treatise of his own, dealing with canonical election. Chunradus appears to have studied at Padua during the 1280's and 1290's.

TEXT: De electione et modo eligendi, MANUSCRIPT: Kremsmünster, Stiftsbibl. 335, fol. 1va-2rb.

LITERATURE: W. Stelzer, 'Österreichische Kanonisten des 13. Jahrhunderts', ÖAKR 30 (1979) 75-76. idem, Gelehrtes Recht in Österreich. Von den Anfängen bis zum frühen 14. Jh. MIÖG - Erg.Bd. 26 (Vienna 1982) 140-44.





Clarus (Clair) of Florence, Franciscan canonist and papal chaplain (fl. 1260-70), to whom scholars have attributed four penitential writings, all of which assemble casus. They often address questions of a juridical nature.

TEXTS:1. Casus Quaeritur utrum quilibet tenetur ad solutionem decimarum, MANUSCRIPTS: Brussels, Bibl. Royale II 2509; Oxford, Bodl. Lib. Can. misc. 269.

2. Casus Nota sex casus quod debet sacerdos mittere ad episcopum, MANUSCRIPTS: Engelberg, Stiftsbibl. 259; Frankfurt, Stadtbibl. 88; Nondon, BM Arundel 491; Paris, Bibl. Mazarine 1312; Pisa, Bibl. del Sem. 87; Strasbourg, Bibl. Univ. 53; Todi, Bibl. Comm. 136; Toulouse, Bibl. Munic. 208.

3. Casus Quaeritur utrum participans scienter et sponte, MANUSCRIPTS: Oxford, Bodl. Lib. Can. misc. 269.

4. Casus Furatus sum vel debeo usurario publico centum libras, MANUSCRIPTS: Pisa, Bibl. del Seminario 87, fol. 46ra-66vb (fragmentary).

LITERATURE: M. Franceschini, 'Clairo da Firenze', DBI 24 (1980) 594-95. F. Henquinet, 'Clair de Florence, canoniste et pénitencier pontifical vers le milieu du XIIIe siècle', Archivum franciscanum historicum 32 (1939) 3-48; P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (XII - XVI siècles) (Louvain - Lille -Montreal 1962) 52-53.





Collectio Abrincensis I, related to and perhaps descended from the Collectio Tanneria. Forms the Anglo-Norman Group with that collection and the Collectio Sangermanensis

DATE/PLACE: The MS dates from early 13th century, but collection is from 1180's England.

EDITION: Analysis by H. Singer (1913) 355-400.

MANUSCRIPTS: Avranches, Bibl. Munic. 149, fol. 79r-109r.

LITERATURE: C. Brooke, 'Canons of English Church Councils in the Early Decretal Collections', Traditio 13 (1957) 472-80. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 299. P. Landau, 'Die Entstehung der systematischen Dekretalensammlungen und die europäische Kanonistik des 12.Jahrhunderts', ZRG Kan. Abt. 66 (1979) 144-46. H. Singer, 'Neue Beiträge...', Sitzungsberichte Akad. Vienna 171.i (1913) 74-80, 355-400.





Collectio Abrincensis II, contains 33 letters originally issued by Innocent III, most of them from the period between 1208-13; titles were added later but not systematically.

EDITION: Analyzed by C. Cheney, Traditio 15 (1959) 466-80.

MANUSCRIPTS: Avranches, Bibl. Munic. 143, fol. 119r-126v

LITERATURE: C. Cheney, 'Three Decretal Collections before Compilatio IV: Pragensis, Palatina I, and Abrincensis II', Traditio 15 (1959) 464-83.





Collectio Alani (See Alanus Anglicus)





Collectio Alcobacensis I (Dertusensis Group), consists of 125 items. The first part (cc. 1-49) of this collection is related to Collectio Dertusensis I, the 2nd part is derived from a primitive archetype of English origin.

EDITION:

MANUSCRIPTS: Lisbon, Bibl. Nat. Alcob. 144, fol. 1v-39v.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'La Canonistica Iberica (1150-1250) en la investigacion reciente', BMCL 11 (1981) 46-47. W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 8-25. A. García y García, Repertorio 1 (1967) 403. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 277.


Collectio Alcobacensis II 49 items - decetals mostly after Compilatio prima - likely taken from the Collectio Alani.

EDITION: Summary analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 297-99.

MANUSCRIPTS: Lisbon, Bibl. Nac. Alcob. 173, fol. 115r-126v.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, C. Cheney and M. Cheney, ed. and trans. (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 297-99. A. García y García, Repertorio1 (1967) 403-04. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 304.



Collectio Ambianensis, part of the Bambergensis-Group, a group of twelve closely related Decretal collections. Walter Deeters has postulated that all members of the Bambergensis-group sprang from an archetype, 'Urbambergensis', consisting of 418 items in 56 titles. This putative collection would have been produced c.1180. The eleven manuscripts containing members of the B.-group were then produced over more than two decades and were influenced by other collections.

EDITION: Summary analysis in W. Deeters (1956) 47-314.

MANUSCRIPTS: Amiens, Bibl. de la Ville 377, fol. 83-132.

LITERATURE: W. Deeters, 'Die Bambergensisgruppe der Dekretalensammlungen des 12.Jahrhunderts' (Phil. diss., Bonn 1956) 2-3, 47-314.





Collectio Ambrosiana (Italian Group with Collectiones Berolinensis I, Cusana, Duacensis, and Florianensis), 89 items. The collection is in four parts - I: cc. 1-15 material common to the Appendices Darmstadt and Harvard. II: cc. 16-53 contains decretals of Alexander III and canons of the council of Tours - related to an Italian group. III: cc. 54-62 miscellaneous items. IV: Canons of the Third Lateran Council.

EDITION: Analysis in W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 35-42.

MANUSCRIPTS: Milan, Arch. capit. di S. Ambrogio 57, fol. 307v-320r.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 35-42.





Collectio Arras 964, consists of decretals of Pope Alexander III which for the most part were directed to Henry, bishop of Beauvais (1149-61), and later archbishop of Reims (1162-75). Other letters likewise point to the diocese of Reims (St. Remi?) as the place from which the collection originated. The collection shows some resemblance to the Collectio Jacques Sirmond (ca. 1173).

EDITION: E. Martène - U. Durand, Veterum scriptorum amplissima collectio (Paris 1724) 2.622-1011; analysis by J. Ramackers, Papsturkunden in Frankreich 3: Artois (Göttingen 1940) 17-22.

MANUSCRIPT: Arras, Bibl. Munic. 964 (partly destroyed in the 19th century).

LITERATURE: L. Falkenstein, 'Analecta pontificia Cameracensia: Zum Datum und Inhalt mehrerer Mandate Alexanders III. betreffend Cambrai (1169-72)', Archivum historiae pontificiae 21 (1983) 35-78; idem, 'Pontificalis maturitas vel modestia sacerdotalis? Alexander III. und Heinrich von Frankreich in den Jahren 1170-72', Archivum historiae pontificiae 22 (1984) 31-88; idem, 'Analecta Remensia', Miscellanea Rolando Bandinelli papa Alessandro III, ed. F. Liotta (Siena 1986) 155-216; idem, 'Appellationen an den Papst und Delegationsgerichtsbarkeit am Beispiel Alexander III. und Heinrichs von Frankreich', ZKG 97 (1986) 57-60.





Collectio Aureaevallensis (French Group)

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (1927) 77-115.

MANUSCRIPTS: Luxemburg, Bibl. Nat. 30, fol. 101-117v, 119.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, 'Beiträge zu den Dekretalensammlungen des 12. Jahrhunderts,' ZRG Kan. Abt. 16 (1927) 77-115. Stephan Kuttner, Repertorium 278.


Collectio Bambergensis I, part of the Bambergensis-Group, a group of twelve closely related Decretal collections. Walter Deeters has postulated that all members of the Bambergensis-group sprang from an archetype, 'Urbambergensis', consisting of 418 items in 56 titles. This putative collection would have been produced c.1180. The eleven manuscripts containing members of the B.-group were then produced over more than two decades and were influenced by other collections.

EDITION: E. Friedberg, Die Canones-Sammlungen zwischen Gratian und Bernhard von Pavia(Leipzig 1897 [Reprint ed. Graz 1958]) 84-115.

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can 17, fol. 1v-47; Tortosa MS 40, Tortosa MS 160 (fragmentary)

LITERATURE: W. Deeters, 'Die Bambergensisgruppe der Dekretalensammlungen des 12.Jahrhunderts' (Phil. diss., Bonn 1956) 2, 47-323.


Collectio Bambergensis II (see Collectio Cassellana)


Collectio Belverensis (also Bodleiana), contains 57 items: four parts: I. 18 items, canons of the Council of Tours and decretals of Alexander III; II. 9 items, decretals of Alexander III; III. 21 items, Canons of the council of Wesminster; IV. 9 Items, Decretals of Alexander III. As a whole, this collection is part of the 'English Family' with Colectiones Wigorniensis altera, Cantanuariensis I, Roffensis, Fontanensis, Dunelmensis I, and Regalis.

DATE/PLACE: post 1175, England

EDITION: By J. A. Giles, Gilberti epistolae (London 1846); analysis by A. Morey - C. N. L. Brooke, The letters and charters of Gilbert Foliot (Cambridge 1967) xxxv-li.

MANUSCRIPTS: Oxford, Bodleian e Mus. 249, fol. 121r-135r.

LITERATURE: Charles Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 71-73, 154-62.



Collectio Berolinensis I (forms Italian Group with Ambrosiana, Cusana, Duacensis, and Florianensis)

EDITION: Analysis by J. Juncker, ZRG Kan. Abt. 13 (1924) 284-426.

MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. Phil. 1742, fol. 287-94v.

LITERATURE: J. Juncker, ZRG Kan. Abt. 13 (1924) 284-426. W. Holtzmann, 'Zu den Dekretalen bei Simon von Bisignano', Traditio 18 (1962) 453-54. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 278.



Collectio Berolinensis II, 50 items, mostly decretals of Celestine III, Clement III, and Innocent III - similar to Monacensis

DATE/PLACE: early 13th century, Italy

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 272-78.

MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 306, fol. 1r-13r.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 272-78. S. Kuttner, Repertorium304-05.



Collectio Bertiniana, very similar to Compilatio II (1211), but shows a somewhat different arrangement, adding a few decretals from other sources. Like the Collectio Estensis and Sorbonica, it can be considered as a competitor of Compilatio II from a time when its success was not yet definitive.

EDITION: none.

MANUSCRIPT: Saint-Omer, Bibl. Munic. 107, fol. 119-166.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, 'Trois notes', Traditio 26 (1970) 445.


Collectio Bodleiana (see Tanneriana)



Collectio Bridlingtonensis 193 items. Substantive rubrics were included at the time of compilation. Manuscript has marginal glosses, mostly cross-references to other decretals. This collection is closely related to the Claudiana, both stem from an archetype from Canterbury from c.1181.

DATE/PLACE: 1182 or shortly therafter, Northern England (Bridlington Priory?)

EDITION:

MANUSCRIPTS: Oxford, Bodleian Bodley 357, fol. 80r-133v.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 84-95.



Collectio Brugensis, decretal collection compiled at Reims shortly after 1187. Derived from an exemplar belonging to the Wigorniensis-Group, it later served as a source of the Collectio Sangermanensis.

EDITION: E. Friedberg, Die Canones-Sammlungen zwischen Gratian und Bernhard von Pavia(Leipzig 1897 [Reprint ed. Graz 1958]) 136-70.

MANUSCRIPTS: Bruges, Bibl. de la Ville MS 378, fol. 1-83; and MS 379, fol. 1-83; Vatican City, Vat. Ottob. 3027, fol. 1-111.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, 'Über die vatikanische Handschrift der Collectio Brugensis', Collectanea Vaticana in honorem Card. Albareda II, Studi e Testi 219 (Vatican City 1962) 391-414. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 297-98. P. Landau, 'Die Entstehung der systematischen Dekretalensammlungen und die europäische Kanonistik des 12.Jahrhunderts', ZRG Kan. Abt. 66 (1979) 143-44.



Collectio Cantabrigiensis (French Group) 100 items

DATE/PLACE: c.1181, France

EDITION: E. Friedberg, Die Canones-Sammlungen zwischen Gratian und Bernhard von Pavia(Leipzig 1897 [Reprint ed. Graz 1958]) 5-21.

MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Trinity Coll. R.9.17, fol. 72r-107v.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, 'Die Register Papst Alexander III in den Händen der Kanonisten', QF 30 (1940) 13-87. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 278.



Collectio Cantuariensis I (formerly Londinensis I) 89 Items plus the Canons of Lateran III. This collection is part of the 'English Family' with Collectiones Wigorniensis altera, Belverensis, Roffensis, Fontanensis, Dunelmensis I, and Regalis.

DATE/PLACE: 1179-82, Canterbury

EDITION: Analysis by C.Duggan (1963) 162-71.

MANUSCRIPTS: Brit. Libr. Royal 10 B IV, fol. 42v-57v.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 73-76, 162-71. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 282.



Collectio Cantuariensis II (formerly part of Londinensis I) Forms the 'English Family' with Collectiones Belvoirensis, Cantanuariensis I and III, Dunelmensis I, Fontanensis, Regalis, Roffensis, and Wigorniensis altera

EDITION: Analysis by C. Duggan (1963) 162-71.

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Royal 10.B.iv, fol. 58r-v

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 73-76, 162-71. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 282.



Collectio Cantuariensis III (formerly Londinensis II, Cantuariensis II) Forms the 'English Family' with Collectiones Belvoirensis, Cantanuariensis I and II, Dunelmensis I, Fontanensis, Regalis, Roffensis, and Wigorniensis altera

EDITION: Analysis by C. Duggan (1963) 162-71.

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Royal 10.B.iv, fol. 59v-61v

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 73-76, 162-71. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 282.



Collectio Casselana part of the Bambergensis-Group, a group of twelve closely related Decretal collections. Walter Deeters has postulated that all members of the Bambergensis-group sprang from an archetype, 'Urbambergensis', consisting of 418 items in 56 titles. This putative collection would have been produced c.1180. The eleven manuscripts containing members of the B.-group were then produced over more than two decades and were influenced by other collections.

EDITION: J. H. Boehmer, Corpus iuris canonici II (Halle 1747) 181-348.

MANUSCRIPTS: Kassel, Landesbibl. Jur. 15, fol. 1-26 = C; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 18, fol. 25-43v = B.

LITERATURE: W. Deeters, 'Die Bambergensisgruppe der Dekretalensammlungen des 12.Jahrhunderts' (Phil. diss., Bonn 1956) 7-9. E. Friedberg, Die Canones-Sammlungen zwischen Gratian und Bernhard von Pavia (Leipzig 1897 [Reprint ed. Graz 1958]) 130-136. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 293.



Collectio Cassinensis, title sometimes given mistakenly to Coll. Cass.<ellana>.



Collectio Cheltenhamensis, divided into sixteen titles, although the structure is not carefully followed. This collection is part of the 'Wigorniensis Group' with Collectiones Trinitatis, Wigorniensis, Claustroneoburgensis, Cottoniana, Peterhusensis, and Fragment A.

DATE/PLACE: 1183-91 or later

EDITION: Analysis by C. Duggan, (MIC B-1; Vatican City 1965) 382-88.

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Egerton 2819, fol. 11-102.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 98-103. idem, 'The reception of canon law in England in the later twelfth century', Proceedings Boston (MIC C-1; Vatican City 1965) 382-88. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 298. P. Landau, "Review of Duggan (1963)', ZRG Kan. Abt. 76 (1965) 368-70.



Collectio Claravallensis I (formerly Trecensis II), a small appendix to Compilatio prima consisting of 27 Items mostly from Celestine III. It is very closely related to Collectio Victorina II.

EDITION: Analyzed by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 214-16.

MANUSCRIPTS: Troyes, Bibl. de la Ville 944, fol. 89v-92v

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 214-216. S. Kuttner, 'Notes on a projected corpus of twelfth-century decretals', Traditio 6 (1948) 350.



Collectio Claravallensis II (formerly Trecensis III) 75 items, 56 are decretals of Clement III and Celestine III.

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 284-90.

MANUSCRIPTS: Troyes, Bibl. de la Ville 944, fol. 93r-100v

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 284-90. S. Kuttner, 'Notes on a projected corpus of twelfth-century decretals', Traditio 6 (1948) 350.



Collectio Claudiana 216 items. Closely related to Collectio Bridlingtonensis, both stem from an archetype produced at Canterbury around 1184. The manuscript contains marginal glosses more extensive than Bridlingtoensis, but these are still mostly cross-references to other decretals.

DATE/PLACE: 1185-88, Canterbury

EDITION: Summary analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 132-34.

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Cotton. Claud. A. IV, fol. 189-216.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 84-95. W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 132-134. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 279.



Collectio Claustroneoburgensis, part of the 'Wigorniensis Group' with Collectiones Trinitatis, Wigorniensis, Cheltenhamensis, Cottoniana, Peterhusensis, and Fragment A. This collection follows closely the archetype of the 'Wigorniensis Group' with an appendix of later material.

EDITION: Analysis by F. Schoensteiner (1909) 1-154.

MANUSCRIPTS: Klosterneuberg, Stifstbibl. XXXII.19, fol. 36r-87v.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 95-110. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 278. P. Landau, 'Die Entstehung der systematischen Dekretalensammlungen und die europäische Kanonistik des 12.Jahrhunderts', ZRG Kan. Abt. 66 (1979) 127-128. F. Schoensteiner, Jahrbuch des Stiftes Klosterneuberg 2 (1909) 1-154.





Collectio Compendiensis, part of the Bambergensis-Group, a group of twelve closely related Decretal collections. Walter Deeters has postulated that all members of the Bambergensis-group sprang from an archetype, 'Urbambergensis', consisting of 418 items in 56 titles. This putative collection would have been produced c.1180. The eleven manuscripts containing members of the B.-group were then produced over more than two decades and were influenced by other collections.

EDITION: Analysis by H. Singer (1913) 8-67.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 17971, fol. 153-184.

LITERATURE: W. Deeters, 'Die Bambergensisgruppe der Dekretalensammlungen des 12.Jahrhunderts' (Phil. diss., Bonn 1956) 3-4, 47-314. H, Singer, 'Neue Beiträge über die Dekretalensammlungen vor und nach Bernhard von Pavia', SB Vienna 171.1 (1913) 8-67.



Collectio Cottoniana (formerly Cottoniana II) part of the 'Wigorniensis Group' with Collectiones Trinitatis, Wigorniensis, Cheltenhamensis, Claustroburgensis, Peterhusensis, and Fragment A. The only surviving manuscript is fragmentary; it was damaged in a fire in 1731.

DATE/PLACE: 1193/94

EDITION: Analyzed by W. Holtzmann, DA 2 (1938) 341-400.

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Cotton. Vitell. E.XIII., fol. 204-288.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 95-110, 187-89, 191-92. W. Holtzmann, DA 2 (1938) 341-400. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 297. P. Landau, 'Die Entstehung der systematischen Dekretalensammlungen und die europäische Kanonistik des 12.Jahrhunderts', ZRG Kan. Abt. 66 (1979) 127-128.



Collectio Cottoniana I (see Claudiana)

 

Collectio Cottoniana II (see Cottoniana)


Collectio Cracoviensis belonging to the Lucensis-Group and dating into the late twelfth century.

DATE/PLACE: After Compilatio prima

EDITION: Analyzed by A. Vetulani (1963) 49-80.

MANUSCRIPTS: Cracow, Kapit. Kated. 89, pp. 129-47, 150-51.

LITERATURE: A. Vetulani, 'Un manuscrits bolonais du chapitre cathédral de Cracovie', Symbolae Raphaeli Taubenschlag dedicatae II (Warsaw 1957) 389-409; idem, 'L'origine des collections primitives de décrétales à la fin du xiie siècle', Congrès de Droit canonique medieval, Louvain et Bruxelles (Bibl. de la RHE 33; Louvain 1959) 64-72; idem, Commentationes 8 (1963) 49-82.



Collectio Cusana, forms the Italian Group with Collectiones Ambrosiana, Berolinensis I, Duacensis, and Florianensis. 208 items. Includes chiefly canons of the Third Lateran Council and decretals of Alexander III.

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 66-74.

MANUSCRIPTS: Bernkastel-Kues, Sankt-Nikolaus-Hospital, Cusanus-Stiftsbibl. 229, fol. 67r-123v

LITERATURE: Walther Holtzmann, 'Zu den Dekretalen bei Simon von Bisignano', Traditio 18 (1962) 453. Walther Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. Christopher Cheney and Mary Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 66-74. Stephan Kuttner, Repertorium 291.



Collectio Dertusensis I, a primitive decretal collection derived from a Roman (curial?) source that predated Lateran III (1179).

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (1927) 39-77.

MANUSCRIPTS: Tortosa, Bibl. del Cabildo 144, fol. 1-29.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, ZRG Kan. Abt. 16 (1927) 39-77. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 279.



Collectio Dertusensis II (formerly Dertusensis III, Dertusensis IV), a primitive collection containing 50 items, mostly from Lucius III, Clement III, and Celestine III. Latest dated March 1201. Follows a copy of the Collectio Bambergensis I in this manuscript from Tortosa.

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 291-96.

MANUSCRIPTS: Tortosa, Bibl. del Cabildo 160, fol. 41v-48v

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 291-96. S. Kuttner, Repertorium319.


Collectio Dertusenis III (see Dertusensis II)

 

Collectio Dertusensis III, contains 42 items, the latest dating from April 1194. At least the early part of the collection is related to the Collectio Dertusensis II.

EDITION: Analysis by S. Chodorow (1983) 34-42.

MANUSCRIPTS: Tortosa MS 269, fol. 93r-101r

LITERATURE: S. Chodorow, 'The Collectio Dertusensis Tertia and Tortosa MS 269', Revista española de derecho canonico 39 (1983) 27-42.


Collestio Dertusensis IV (See Dertusensis II)



Collectio Duacensis, fragment of a collection that forms part of the Berolinensis I, Cusana, Florianensis - Group, with 65 items including canons of the Third Lateran Council (1179).

EDITION: Summary analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 64-65.

MANUSCRIPTS: Douai, Bibl. de la Ville 590, fol. 1r-2v, 247r-248v.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, 'Zu den Dekretalen bei Simon von Bisignano', Traditio 18 (1962) 452-53. W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 64-65. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 279-80.


Collectio Dunelmensis I (formerly Dunelmensis I-III), 180 items from excerpts from Burchard's Decretum to decretals of Lucius III (1181-85). This collection is part of the 'English Family' with the Collectiones Wigorniensis altera, Belverensis, Cantanuariensis I, II, and III, Roffensis, Fontanensis, and Regalis.

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 75-99.

MANUSCRIPTS: Durham, Cathed. C.III.1, fol. 5v-18r.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 68-84; idem, 'A Durham canonical manuscript of the late twelfth century', SCH 2 1965) 179-85. W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 75-99. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 280-81.


Collectio Dunelmensis II (formerly Dunelmensis IV), 192 items. A complement to Compilatio primaand Gilbertus's collection (ca. 1202). Cannot be called systematic because its simple stucture is overwhelmed by placement of the particular chapters.

EDITION: Analyzed by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 300-18.

MANUSCRIPTS: Durham, Cathed. C.III.3, fol. 123r-158ra.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 68-84. W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 300-318. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 319-20.


Collectio Dunelmensis III (see Dunelmensis I)

Collectio Dunelmensis IV (see Dunelmensis II)


Collectio Eberbacensis, consists of 111 chapters subdivided into 25 articles. While most of the material is from Alexander III, conciliar canons from Tours (1163) and Lateran III (1179) were also included.

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann, ZRG Kan. Abt. 17 (1928) 548-555

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Arundel 490, fol. 210-221r.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 126-28. W. Holtzmann, 'Collectio Eberbacensis', ZRG Kan. Abt. 17 (1928) 548-55. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 281. C. Lefebvre, 'Eberbacensis (Collectio)', DDC 5 (1953) 134-137.


Collectio Erlangensis, part of the Bambergensis-Group, a group of twelve closely related Decretal collections. Walter Deeters has postulated that all members of the Bambergensis-group sprang from an archetype, 'Urbambergensis', consisting of 418 items in 56 titles. This putative collection would have been produced c.1180. The eleven manuscripts containing members of the B.-group were then produced over more than two decades and were influenced by other collections.

EDITION: Analysis by W. Deeters (1956) 47-326.

MANUSCRIPTS: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 342, fol. 291-306.

LITERATURE: W. Deeters, 'Die Bambergensisgruppe der Dekretalensammlungen des 12.Jahrhunderts' (Phil. diss., Bonn 1956) 9-10, 47-326. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 294.



Collectio Estensis, composed around 1210 from the collections of Gilbertus and Alanus in an attempt to combine their pre-Innocentian materials. It thus can be considered a rival of the, ultimately successful, Compilatio secunda of John of Wales.

EDITION:

MANUSCRIPTS: Modena, Bibl. Estense a.R.4.16, fol. 78r-117v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 310-12; idem, 'Notes on a projected corpus of twelfth-century decretal collections', Traditio 6 (1948) 351.


Collectio Florianensis, an appendix to Gratian's Decretum containing 172 items including Canons of Lateran III and Tours, and papal decretals through Lucius III (1181-85). Forms a group with Berolinensis I, Duacensis, and Cusana Seems to derive from an exemplar from Norwich which was itself derived from an Italian original.

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 43-63.

MANUSCRIPTS: Saint Florian, Stiftsbibl. III.5, fol. 173r-183r.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, 'Zu den Dekretalen bei Simon von Bisignano', Traditio 18 (1962) 451-52; idem, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 43-63. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 281.



Collectio Fontanensis, 150 items. written in 3 parts I: (fol. 24-31) related to Berolinensis I, Cusana, Duacensis, Florianensis group; II: fol. 32-39: latest part of collection, 59 items from sources at Fountains abbey on rights of Cistercians; III: 38 items which make this collection part of the 'English Family' with the Collectiones Wigorniensis altera, Belverensis, Cantanuariensis I, II, and III, Dunelmensis I, Roffensis, and Regalis.

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 100-15.

MANUSCRIPTS: Oxford, Bodleian Laud Misc. 527, fol. 24r-45v.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 68-84. W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 100-115.



Collectio Francofortana, 713 Chapters - 282 pre-Gratian texts. 63 titles, produced slightly earlier than the Appendix Lateranensis Concilii, and the Collectio Bambergensis I, ca. 1183 in the area of Sens or Troyes.

EDITION: Die Collectio Francofurtana: Eine französische Decretalensammlung, edd. Peter Landau and Gisela Drossbach, Analyse beruhend auf Vorarbeiten von Walther Holtzmann (Monumenta iuris canonici. Series B, Corpus collectionum ; vol. 9; Città del Vaticano : Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 2007).

MANUSCRIPTS: Frankfurt, Stadt- und Universitätsbibl. Barth. 60, fol. 2-85 = F; London, Brit. Libr. Egerton 2901, fol. 1r-97v = M; Paris, B.N. lat. 3922A, fol. 173r-209r = R; Troyes, Bibl. de la Ville 961, fol. 1r-96v = T.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 138. S. Kuttner, 'Collectio Francofortana', ZRG Kan. Abt. 22 (1933) 370-80; idem, Repertorium 289, 295-97; idem, 'Notes on a projected corpus of twelfth-century decretals', Traditio 6 (1948) 350. P. Landau, 'Die Entstehung der systematischen Dekretalensammlungen und die europäische Kanonistik des 12.Jahrhunderts', ZRG Kan. Abt. 66 (1979) 137-43; idem, 'Studien zur Appendix und den Glossen in frühen systematischen Dekretalensammlungen', BMCL 9 (1979) 5-8. C. Lefebvre, 'Francfort (Collection de)', DDC 5 (1953) 878-884.


Collectio Fuldensis, a compilation of decretals wholly derived from the Weingarten MSS of Gilbertus and Alanus (1202/6) at the Landesbibliothek in Fulda.

EDITION: none.

MANUSCRIPTS: Fulda, Landesbibl. D.3a, fol. 1-88.

LITERATURE: R. Heckel, 'Die Dekretalensammlungen des Gilbertus und Alanus nach den Weingartener Handschriften', ZRG Kan. Abt. 29 (1940) 165-170. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 317.

Collectio Gilberti (see Gilbertus)


Collectio Halensis, 90 items, mostly from Celestine III, Innocent III, and Alexander III, closely related to Monacensis

DATE/PLACE: After Compilatio prima

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 233-42.

MANUSCRIPTS: Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye 80, fol. 79-96.

LITERATURE: F. Heyer, 'Review of Singer', ZRG Kan. Abt. 4 (1914) 590-93. W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 233-42. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 305.


Collectio Jacques Sirmond, a collection of 56 papal decretals, most of which were sent by Alexander III to recipients in the diocese of Reims during the years 1171-73. Petrus Cellensis figures prominently among them as a papal delegate. The collection owes his name to Jacques Sirmond, who first published it in 1613. The manuscript he used appears to be lost.

EDITION: J. Sirmond, Petri abbatis Cellensis qui post deinde S. Remigii Remensis abbas et episcopus fuit Carnotensis epistolarum libri IX. Item Alexandri III papae ad Petrum eundem et alios epistolae LVI (Paris 1613)

LITERATURE: L. Falkenstein, 'Analecta Remensia', Miscellanea Rolando Bandinelli papa Alessandro III, ed. F. Liotta (Siena 1986) 155-216.



Collectio Lambethana, an appendix to Compilatio prima consisting of 42 items. Contains papal decretals from Alexander III to Innocent III, the last of which dates into March of 1207. Related to Lucensis, Monacensis, and perhaps Rotomagensis I.

EDITION: Summary analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 217-18.

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Lambeth Palace 105, fol. 214r-18r.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 217-218. S. Kuttner, Repertorium305.

Collectio Lincolnensis (see Appendix concilii Lateranensis)


Collectio Lipsiensis, part of the Bambergensis-Group, a group of twelve closely related Decretal collections. Walter Deeters has postulated that all members of the Bambergensis-group sprang from an archetype, 'Urbambergensis', consisting of 418 items in 56 titles. This putative collection would have been produced c.1180. The eleven manuscripts containing members of the B.-group were then produced over more than two decades and were influenced by other collections. This collection shows the influence of the Collectiones Berolinensis I and Parisiensis I

EDITION: E. Friedberg, Die Canones-Sammlungen zwischen Gratian und Bernhard von Pavia(Leipzig 1897 [Reprint ed. Graz 1958]) 115-130.

MANUSCRIPTS: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 975, fol. 116-153; Florence, Bibl. Lauren. S.Croce IIIsin.6, fol. 1v-2v (fragmentary: 52.14-53.1, 55.1-7, 59.4-6, 59.16-23);

LITERATURE: W. Deeters, 'Die Bambergensisgruppe der Dekretalensammlungen des 12.Jahrhunderts' (Phil. diss., Bonn 1956) 10-11. E. Friedberg, Quinque compilationes antiquae necnon Collectio Lipsiensis (Leipzig 1882) 189-208. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 292-93; idem, 'Notes on a projected corpus of twelfth-century decretals', Traditio 6 (1948) 350.

Collectio Londinensis I (see Cantuariensis I)

 

Collectio Londinensis II (see Cantuariensis I)

 

Collectio Londinensis III (see Roffensis)

Collectio Londinensis IV (see Wigorniensis altera)

Collectio Londinensis V (see Regalis)


Collectio Lucensis, 124 items, the core of which belonged to the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-81). The decretals were assembled unsystematically by at least three scribes at different times, in a process that seems to have lasted from ca. 1194 until 1199 or later. Apparently, the collection was designed as a supplement and update of Continuatio I, since they both do not contain any common material.

EDITION: J. D. Mansi, Stephani Baluzii Miscellanea nouo ordine digesta (Lucca 1762) 3.367-91. Analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 243-71.

MANUSCRIPTS: Lucca, Bibl. capit. 221, fol. 220r-229ra.

LITERATURE: F. Heyer, 'Review of Singer', ZRG Kan. Abt. 4 (1914) 585-90. W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 243-71. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 306; idem, 'Notes on a projected corpus of twelfth-century decretals', Traditio 6 (1948) 350.
 


Collectio Monacensis 114 items, papal decretals of the last quarter of 12th century, mostly of Clement III, Celestine III and Innocent III. Related to Lucensis, Seguntina, Cracoviensis, and Halensis.

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 221-32.

MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 8302, fol 94r-113r.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 221-232. S. Kuttner, Repertorium306.

Collectio Oenipontana (see Appendix Oenipontana)


Collectio Orielensis (formerly Orielensis II), fragment of a collection which is part of the Bambergensis-Group, a group of twelve closely related decretal collections. Walter Deeters has postulated that all members of the Bambergensis-group sprang from an archetype, 'Urbambergensis', consisting of 418 items in 56 titles. This putative collection would have been produced c.1180. The eleven manuscripts containing members of the B.-group were then produced over more than two decades and were influenced by other collections. This collection shows the influence of the Appendix concilii Lateranensis.

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 127-31

MANUSCRIPTS: Oxford, Oriel College 53, fol. 353r-354v (old 253r-254v)

LITERATURE: W. Deeters, 'Die Bambergensisgruppe der Dekretalensammlungen des 12.Jahrhunderts' (Phil. diss., Bonn 1956). W. Holtzmann, Kanonistische Ergänzungen zur Italia Pontificia (Tübingen 1959) 7 (named there Orielensis II); idem, 'Die Register Papst Alexanders III. in den Händen der Kanonisten', QF 30 (1940) 19. W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 127-131. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 295.

 

Collectio Orielensis I (see Bambergensis)

Collectio Orielensis II (see Orielensis)

 

Collectio Palatina I, comprises 15 letters, no titles. Its content often overlaps with that of two other collections, Pragensis and Abrincensis II. Their common purpose was to supplement Continuatio III, since most of the material dates into the period 1208-1213. They seem to be connected, moreover, with the genesis of Compilatio IV (1216).

EDITION: Analysis by C. Cheney, Traditio 15 (1959) 473-80.

MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Pal. lat. 658, fol. 94v-95v.

LITERATURE: C. Cheney, 'Three Decretal Collections before Compilatio IV: Pragensis, Palatina I, and Abrincensis II', Traditio 15 (1959) 464-83. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 308.
 


Collectio Palatina II, an offspring of the Collectio Gilberti, was compiled ca. 1204. It offers brief summaries of decretals rather than the decretal-texts themselves.

EDITION: None.

MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 288, fol. 159-65.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 314-16.

 

Collectio (fragmentum) Parisiense (see Fragment B)


Collectio Parisiensis I, compiled ca. 1177-79, probably in England.

EDITION: Analysis by E. Friedberg, Die Canones-Sammlungen zwischen Gratian und Bernhard von Pavia (Leipzig 1897 [Reprint Graz 1958]) 45-63.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 1596, fol. 11-46.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 286.

Collectio Parisiensis II (See Collection in Ninety-five Titles)
 

Collectio Parisiensis III (see Rotomagensis I)

 

Collectio Parisiensis IV (see Rotomagensis II)


Collectio Petrihusensis, part of the 'Wigorniensis Group' with Collectiones Trinitatis, Wigorniensis, Cheltenhamensis, Claustroburgensis, Cottonia and Fragment A. The collection is fragmentary as seperate folios from the original were used to bind other books.

EDITION: None.

MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Peterhouse Coll. 193, final quire; 114, first and final quires; 193, first quire, 203 final quire; 180, first and final quires.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 95-110, 189-90. P. Landau, Entstehung', 127-128.



Collectio Pragensis, a forerunner of Compilatio IV that is related to the Collectiones Abrincensis IIand Palatina I.

EDITION: Analysis by C. Cheney, Traditio 15 (1959) 473-80.

MANUSCRIPTS: Prague, Universitätsbibl. XXIII.E.59, fol. 24r-45r.

LITERATURE: C. Cheney, 'Three Decretal Collections before Compilatio IV: Pragensis, Palatina I, and Abricensis II', Traditio 15 (1959) 464-83. G.B. Ladner, 'Eine Prager Bildnis-Zeichnung Innozenz' III. und die Collectio Pragensis', SG 11 (1967) 23-35.


Collectio Rainerii (see Rainier of Pomposa)



Collectio Regalis (formerly Londinensis V), part of the 'English Family' with the Collectiones Wigorniensis altera, Belverensis, Cantanuariensis I, II, and III, Roffensis, Fontanensis and Dunelmensis I. All of the decretals belong to the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-81).

EDITION: None.

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Royal. 15 B.IV, fol. 107v-118v.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 81-84. Stephan Kuttner, Repertorium 285.


Collectio Remensis, incomplete, offers 45 items, drawn from decretals of Clement III and Celestine III. The texts may derive from the papal registers.

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 279-83.

MANUSCRIPTS: Reims, Bibl. Munic. 692, fol. 32r-35v.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 279-83. S. Kuttner, Repertorium306-7.


Collectio Roffensis (formerly Londinensis III), preface of the Lateran III canons followed by 125 items. This collection is a somewhat later expansion of the material in Cantanuariensis I, adding decretals of Alexander III and Lucius III. It is a part of the 'English Family' with the Collectiones Wigorniensis altera, Belverensis, Cantanuariensis I, II, and III, Regalis, Fontanensis and Dunelmensis I.

EDITION: Analysis by C. Duggan (1963) 173-87.

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Rochester Royal 10.C.IV, fol. 137r-155r.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 76-78, 173-87. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 282.

 

Collectio Romana (see Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus)

Collectio Rotomagensis (see Rotomagensis I)


Collectio Rotomagensis I (formerly Rotomagensis; formerly Parisiensis III), a supplement to the Collectio Francofurtana. 381 items arranged in 31 titles. The author used Rainier of Pomposa's collection (ca. 1201) for more than 20 Decretals of Innocent III.

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 160-207.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris B.N. lat. 3922A, fol. 148r-167v, 245.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Kanonistische Ergänzungen zur Italia Pontificia (Tübingen 1959) 9; idem, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 160-207. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 297.



Collectio Rotomagensis II (formerly Parisiensis IV), contains an abbreviated version of Compilatio I, with additions.

EDITION: Summary analysis of the additions by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 152-55.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 3922A, fol. 211r-227v.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 138-39, 152-55. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 313-14.


Collectio Rotomagensis III

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 3922A, fol. 118v-126v

LITERATURE: C. Cheney, Traditio 11 (1955) 149-62.



Collectio Salisburgensis, probably compiled to supplement the collections of Gilbertus and Alanus with the material that Bernardus Compostellanus had added in his Compilatio Romana (1208). Some items from Bernardus' collection, however, were not included.

EDITION: None.

MANUSCRIPTS: Salzburg, St. Peter's Archabbey MS a.IX.18, fol. 244-75v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 332.

Collectio Salmanticensis (see Fragment I)

Collectio Sancti Floriani (see Florianensis)


Collectio Sangermanensis, related to and perhaps descended from the Collectio Tanneria. Forms the Anglo-Norman Group with that collection and with the Collectio Abrincensis I, which likely dates from ca. 1180.

EDITION: Analysis by H. Singer (1913) 68-354.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 12459, fol. 1-106v.

LITERATURE: C. Brooke, 'Canons of English Church Councils in the Early Decretal Collections', Traditio 13 (1957) 472. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 298-99. P. Landau, 'Die Entstehung der systematischen Dekretalensammlungen und die europäische Kanonistik des 12.Jahrhunderts', ZRG Kan. Abt. 66 (1979) 144-146. H. Singer, 'Neue Beiträge über die Dekretalensammlungen vor und nach Bernhard von Pavia', Sitzungsberichte Akad. Vienna 171.i (1913) 68-354.


Collectio Seguntina, decretals extracted from the registers of Popes Clement III and Celestine III.

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann, RHE 50 (1955) 400-53.

MANUSCRIPTS: Sigüenza, Bibl. del Cabildo 10, fol. 137-176v.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, 'Manuscrits canoniques conservé en Espagne', RHE 49 (1954) 155-56. A. García y García, Repertorio 1 (1967) 404. W. Holtzmann, 'La "Collection Seguntina" et les décrétales de Clément III et de Célestin III', RHE 50 (1955) 400-453.



Collectio Sorbonica, assembles, in a way similar to Collectio Estensis and Bertiniana, the pre-Innocentian decretals which Petrus Beneventanus had not included in his Compilatio III of 1210. Drawing mainly from the collections of Gilbertus and Alanus, it thus intended to serve the same purpose as the - ultimately more successful - Compilatio II of Johannes Galensis (1211).

EDITION: None.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 15398, fol. 281-88.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Notes on a projected corpus of 12th century decretal collections', Traditio 6 (1948) 351; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 311.


Collectio St. Florian, an abbreviated version of the Compilatio Romana by Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus (1208).

MANUSCRIPT: Saint Florian, Stiftsbibl. XI.346, fol. 131r-154r.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Johannes Teutonicus, das vierte Laterankonzil und die Compilatio quarta', Miscellanea Giovanni Mercati V. Studi e testi 125 (Vatican City 1946) 630 n.34.



Collectio Tanneri (formerly Bodleiana), a massive collection which may have been an antecedent of Collectio Abrincensis I and Collectio Sangermanensis. Forms the Anglo-Norman Group with those two collections and was compiled before 1180.

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (1951) 83-145.

MANUSCRIPTS: Oxford, Bodl. Libr. Tanner 8, pp. 593-712.

LITERATURE: C. Brooke, 'Canons of English Church Councils in the Early Decretal Collections', Traditio 13 (1957) 472. C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 104 n.4. W. Holtzmann, in Festschrift zur Feier des 200jähr Bestehens der Akad. der Wissenschaft in Göttingen(Göttingen 1951) 83-145. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 294-95. P. Landau, 'Die Entstehung der systematischen Dekretalensammlungen und die europäische Kanonistik des 12.Jahrhunderts', ZRG Kan. Abt. 66 (1979) 144-46.

Collectio Trecensis I (see Fragment E)

Collectio Trecensis II (see Claravallensis I)

Collectio Trecensis III (see Claravallensis II)



Collectio Trinitatis, collection is fragmentary, but it is the oldest surviving member (ca. 1181) of the 'Wigorniensis Group' with Collectiones Wigorniensis, Cheltenhamensis, Claustroburgensis, Cottonia, Peterhusensis and Fragment A.

EDITION: Analysis by C. Duggan, Traditio 17 (1961) 506-26.

MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Trinity College R.14.9, fol. 82r-87v.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, 'The Trinity collection of decretals and the early Worcester family', Traditio 17 (1961) 506-26; idem, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 95-98. P. Landau, 'Die Entstehung der systematischen Dekretalensammlungen und die europäische Kanonistik des 12.Jahrhunderts', ZRG Kan. Abt. 66 (1979) 127-28.


Collectio Valentiennensis, 21 decretals from the early years of the pontificate of Innocent III.

EDITION: None.

MANUSCRIPTS: Valenciennes, Bibl. Munic. 274, fol. 154v-155v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 307.

Collectio Victorina (see Victorina II)


Collectio Victorina I, part of the French group, with 146 items compiled no later than 1181. It can be subdivided in two parts. I: 226r-250v (cc. 1-110) seems to derive from a common source with Cantabrigensis, but Victorina I is likely older. and II: 251v-263r (cc. 111-146) seems to derive from a common source with Parisiensis I. This part is also related to Victorina II

EDITION: Analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 26-34.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 14398, fol. 226r-263r.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, 'Die Register Papst Alexander III in den Händen der Kanonisten', QF 30 (1940) 13-87. idem, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 26-34.

 

Collectio Victorina II (formerly Victorina), a modest appendix to Compilatio prima. Contains 19 items. Closely related to Claravallensis I and to the latter half of Victorina I

EDITION: Summary analysis by W. Holtzmann (ed. 1979) 219-20.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 14610, fol. 175v-181v.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3; Vatican City 1979) 219-220. S. Kuttner, Repertorium307-8.


Collectio Wigorniensis, contains 274 items in 429 chapters in 7 headings. This collection is part of the 'Wigorniensis Group' with Collectiones Trinitatis, Cheltenhamensis, Claustroburgensis, Cottonia, Peterhusensis and Fragment A.

EDITION: H. Lohmann, ZRG Kan. Abt. 22 (1933) 36-187.

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Royal 10. A.II, fol. 5r-62v.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 110-17. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 288. P. Landau, 'Die Entstehung der systematischen Dekretalensammlungen und die europäische Kanonistik des 12.Jahrhunderts', ZRG Kan. Abt. 66 (1979) 127-128. H. Lohmann, ZRG Kan. Abt. 22 (1933) 36-187.


Collectio Wigorniensis altera (formerly Londinensis IV), the oldest member (ca. 1173-79) of the 'English Family' with the Collectiones Fontanensis, Belverensis, Cantanuariensis I, II, and III, Dunelmensis I, Roffensis, and Regalis.

EDITION: Analysis by C. Duggan (1963) 152-54.

MANUSCRIPTS: Brit. Libr. Royal 11 B.II, fol. 97r-102.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (University of London Historical Studies XII; London 1963) 61-71, 152-54. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 283-85.


Collection in Ninety-Five Titles (formerly Collectio Parisiensis II), a decretal collection compiled by Bernardus Papiensis in 1177-79, more than a decade before he compiled the Breuiarium extrauagantium. Bernardus's authorship has been disputed recently by J. Haneburg.

EDITION: E. Friedberg, Die Canones-Sammlungen zwischen Gratian und Bernhard von Pavia(Leipzig 1897 [Reprint ed. Graz 1958]) 21-45.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 1566, fol. 1-54v

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, 'Zu den Dekretalen bei Simon von Bisignano', Traditio 18 (1962) 454. J. Hanenburg, 'Decretals and Decretal Collections in the Second Half of the twelfth century', TRG 34 (1966) 593. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 290. P. Landau, 'Die Entstehung der systematischen Dekretalensammlungen und die europäische Kanonistik des 12.Jahrhunderts', ZRG Kan. Abt. 66 (1979) 126.


 

Compilatio prima (Breuiarium extrauagantium)

AUTHOR: Bernardus Papiensis (Balbus)

DATE/PLACE: 1189-92/Bologna, likely in more than one phase.

EDITION: E. Friedberg (ed.), Quinque compilationes antiquae Leipzig 1882 [reprint ed. Graz 1956]). In this edition, Friedberg presents only the texts of decretals which had been omitted from the Gregorian Decretals. He presented a register including incipits, explicits, and references to the Gregoriana for the remaining chapters. Thus, this edition must be used in conjunction with Friedberg's edition of the Gregoriana: Corpus iuris canonici, vol. II (Leipzig 1879 [reprint ed. Graz 1956]) 1-928. He claims to have used the following manuscripts for this edition: Munich, Clm 3879; Freiburg 361; Munich, Clm 6352; Fulda D.5; and Leipzig 983; as well as the edition of Antonio Augustin.

MANUSCRIPTS: There are over 140 manuscripts containing all or part of Compilatio prima still in existence. Gerard Fransen has done extensive study on the development of Bernardus's decretal collection, although he has only published a portion of his results. He has argued that this work passed through several phases of development, though it is not clear that Bernardus was responsible for each phase. Acording to Fransen, the manuscripts of Compilatio prima may be divided into four basic groups:

GROUP A (given the Greek letter ) This is the oldest group; it omits 26 of the 912 chapters which Friedberg presents in his edition. Cracow, Domkapital 89; Grenoble 476; Siguenza 10.

GROUP B (given the Greek letter ) Fransen calls this the French group: some chapters omitted in A have been added. This may have happenned in two or perhaps more stages: 1. (10 chapters omitted which are also omitted in group A) ; 2. (only 2-5 chapters omitted: manuscripts vary on 1.12.2 and 4.4.4-5; Fransen believes this subgroup had a single common ancestor. In total this group contains 38 manuscripts: 29 are French/Belgian/Swiss, 7 are German, and 2 are Austrian.

GROUP C (given the Greek letter ) This is the classic group as contained in Friedberg's edition. 36 manuscripts: 12 French, 11 German, 7 Italian, and 6 Austrian.

GROUP D Fransen does not call this a group; but he refers to several manuscripts which contain incongruous or 'intermediary' forms of Bernardus's compilation. 1. A very old Alcobaça manuscript; 2.(something close to but distinct from group B, including Padua 35; Troyes 944; Paris B.N. 15997; Vatican City, Pal. lat. 652; Berlin 231; Worcester, Cath. F.122; and London, Lambeth palace ; and finally, 3. An intermediary group between A and C which is contained in Laon 385.

Fransen has not published a more specific list of the manuscripts in these groups. The remaining manuscripts containing Compilatio prima are: Bruges, Stadtbibl. 367; Bruges, Grande-Séminaire 44-63, fol. 1-86v; Brussels, Bibl. Royale 1407-9 Kat. 2560, fol. 1-90; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19, fol. 1-78; Can. 20, fol. 1-54v; Can. 21, fol. 1-100; Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 306 [Rose # 621 II], fol. 1-60; Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 427, fol. 1-87v; Bonn, ehemals Bibl. Böcking, dann Schulte ??; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349, fol. 1-72; Freiburg, Universitätsbibl. 361a; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.5, fol. 1-83; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.6; Giessen, Universitätsbibl. MCV, fol. 1v-46; Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye.52 [ps.III]; Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye.52 [ps.V], fol. 1v-5v; Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye.80, fol. 1-78; Karlsruhe, Landesbibl. Aug. XL, fol. 1-82v; Karlsruhe, Landesbibl. CCX, fol. 1r-70va; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 968, fol. 1-77v; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 983, fol. 1-60v; Munich, Clm 3879, fol. 1-97v; Munich, Clm 6352, fol. 1-77; Munich, Clm 7430, fol. 1-106; Munich, Clm 8302, fol. 1-93; Trier, Stadtbibl. 864, fol. 1-66; Trier, Stadtbibl. 876, fol. 1-92; Cambridge, Caius Coll. 17 [James 28] pp. 1-134; Cambridge, Caius Coll. 150 [James 44], fol. 3-79v; Cheltenham, Thirlestaine House Phil. 2136 (had been sold by 1937); Durham, Cath. C.III.3, fol. 1-73v; Durham, Cath. C.III.4; Lincoln, Cath. 29, fol. 1-51v and 193-200v; Lincoln, Cath. 38, fol. 1-73; Lincoln, Cath. 163, fol. 1-83; London, British Museum Harl. 3834, fol. 2-119; London, British Museum Royal App. 4, fol. 1, 2-10v; London, Lambeth Palace 80, fol. 170-226; London, Lambeth Palace 105, fol. 137-213v; Angers 375 [362]; Arras 505 [597]; Arras 956 [75], fol. 1-29; Avranches 149, fol. 7-77; Beaune 19, fol. 1-89; Chalons-sur-Saône 15, fol. 169-76; Chartres 318 [355], fol. 1-76v; Chartres 384 [462], fol. 49-104; Douai 593, fol. 1-74; Douai 594; Douai 595; Epinal 72; Lille 145, fol. 2-79; Lyons, Université 6, fol. 1-65v; Paris, B.N. lat. 3925; Paris, B.N. lat. 3929; Paris, B.N. lat. 3930; Paris, B.N. lat. 3931; Paris, B.N. lat. 3932; Paris, B.N. lat. 3953; Paris, B.N. lat. 9632; Paris, B.N. lat. 14321; Paris, B.N. lat. 14610, fol. 3-175v; Paris, B.N. lat. 15398, fol. 3-73; Paris, B.N. lat. 15398, fol. 204-279; Paris, B.N. lat. 15399; Paris, B.N. lat. 15996; Paris, B.N. nouv. acq. lat. 2127; Paris, B.N. nouv. acq. lat. 2192; Paris, Mazarine 1292, fol. 160-98; Reims 690, fol. 1-114; Reims 692, fol. 36-111; Rouen 706 [E.54], fol. 1-80; St.-Omer 447; Siguënza 40; Toulouse 368, fol. 1-61; Tours 569; Troyes 102; Troyes 385; Valenciennes 274; Vendôme 89; Florence, Laurenziana S.Croce IIIsin.; Florence, Laurenziana IVsin.; Modena, Bibl. Estense XII.L.8; Montecassino 46 pp. 1-178; Montecassino 67 pp. 1-161; Montecassino 183 pp. 1-174; Padua, S.Antonio 41; Perugia, Bibl. Commun. L.69 [817], fol. 1-107; Venice, San Marco VIII.22, fol. 23-71; Vercelli, Archivio Capitolare 23 [Ar.84]; Admont 22; Graz, Universitätsbibl.374; Graz, Universitätsbibl. III.106; Graz, Universitätsbibl. III.138; Melk, Stiftsbibl. F.33; Melk, Stiftsbibl. I.37; Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 30; Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 34; Lisbon, Bibl. Nac. Alcob. 173 [304], fol. 10v-115; Lisbon, Bibl. Nac. Alcob. 381 [305]; Burgo de Osma, Cath. 6, fol. 2-115v; Cordoba, Cated. 22; Escorial, K.I.9; Tortosa, MS 269, fol. 1-93r; Olmütz, Kathedralkapital 589; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1377, fol. 2-98v; Vat. lat. 2509, fol. 1-93; Vat. Borgh. 264, fol. 1-74v; Vat. Chis. E.VII.207, fol. 1-88; Vat. Ottob. 1943; Vat. Pal. lat. 288, fol. 219-287; Vat. Pal. lat. 652, fol. 1-60; Vat. Pal. lat. 653, fol. 1-64v; Vat. Pal. lat. 696; Vat. Urb. lat. 178, fol. 1-77v (Kuttner, Repertorium 329-440). Geneva Bibl. publique et universitaire MS lat. 167; St. Gall, Stiftsbibl. 715; Sitten, Archiv des Domkapitels (AVal II) (Traditio 14 [1958] 465-66). Lillienfeld, Stiftsbibl. 220 fol 1r-72va [Tradtio 21 (1965) 481]. Toledo, Catedral 20-12; 36-12; G 6-1; G 7-7 (fragments only) [Traditio 21 (1965) 512]. St.-Omer Bibl. Munic. 107 [450], fol. 3-114v; [Traditio 26 (1970) 444]. Madrid, Bibl. de la Real Academia de la Hist. 66 (fragment); Orense, Bibl. del Cabildo, Frag. 37b (fragment) [Traditio 26 (1970) 459]. Alba Julia, (Romania) Bibl. Bathyanyana 166; Bordeaux, Bibl de la Ville, 400; Florence, Vallombrosa 38 (327), fol. 9ra-64vb; Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbaziale 468 pp. 87-203; Orleans, Bibl. de la Ville 223; Paris, B.N. lat 1540 fol 2ra-67vb; Piacenza, Bibl. Capitolare 35 (47) [BMCL 4 9-15].

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, 'Les diverses formes de la compilatio prima', Scrinium Lovanensis: Melanges historiques Etienne van Cauwenbergh (Univ. of Louvain, Recueil de travaux d'histoire et de philologie 24; Louvain 1961); idem, 'La tradition manuscrite de la "Compilatio prima",' Proceedings Boston (MIC C-1; Vatican City 1965) 55-62. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 329-344. P. Landau, 'Alttestamentliches Recht in der Compilatio I', SG 20 (1976) 111-33; Charles Lefebvre, 'Les gloses à la "Compilatio prima" et les problèmes qu'elles soulèvent', Proceedings Boston (MIC C-1; Vatican City 1965) 63-70 at 66-67. Isaias da Rosa Periera, 'Dois Manuscritos Alcobacenses Da Primeira Compilação', Lumen (1962) 1-23. A. Vetulani, 'Deux intéressants manuscrits de la "Compilatio prima",' Traditio 12 (1956) 605-11. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 322-44; Kenneth Pennington, ADecretal Collections 1190-1234,@ The History of Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140‑1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, edited by Wilfried Hartmann and Kenneth Pennington (History of Medieval Canon Law; Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2008) 293-317


Compilatio secunda, called 'secunda' even though it was produced after Compilatio tertia because it contains decretals prior to Innocent III. Johannes Galensis seems to have relied upon the Collectiones Gilberti and Alani for the text of decretals. This compilation was likely produced because Compilatio tertia essentially rendered the Compilations of Gilbertus and Alanus half-obsolete; Johannes Galensis simply salvaged from their collections the material not taken by Petrus Beneventanus and put it into a more convenient form.

AUTHOR: Johannes Galensis

DATE/PLACE: 1210-1215 Bologna

EDITION: E. Friedberg, Quinque Compilationes Antiquae (Leipzig 1882 [reprint ed. Graz 1956]) 66-104. In this edition, Friedberg presents only the texts of decretals which had been omitted from the Gregorian Decretals. He presented a register including incipits, explicits, and references to the Gregoriana for the remaining chapters. Thus, this edition must be used in conjunction with Friedberg's edition of the Gregoriana: Corpus iuris canonici, vol. II (Leipzig 1879 [reprint ed. Graz 1956]) 1-928. He claims to have used the following manuscripts for this edition: Munich, Clm 3879; Freiburg 361; Munich, Clm 6352; Fulda D.5; and Leipzig 983; as well as the edition of Antonio Augustin.

MANUSCRIPTS: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 22, fol. 86r-128v; Admont, Stiftsbibl. 55, fol. 57r-100r; Alba Iulia, Bibl. Batthynaeum 166, fol. 70r-108r; Arras 505, 2nd work; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19, fol. 79r-116r; Can. 20, fol. 71-98; Can. 21, fol. 101-142; Can. 22, fol. 1-59v; Beaune 19, fol. 91ff; Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 427, fol. 90-135v; Bordeaux, Bibl. de la Ville 400, 2nd work; Bruges, Stadtbibl. 367, fol. ?-113v; Bruges, Grand-Séminaire 44-64, fol. 87-134v; Burgo de Osma, Catedral 6, fol. 116-169v; Cambridge, Caius Coll. 150, fol. 81-118; Chartres 296, fol. 194-203; Chartres 318, fol. 77ff; Chartres 384, fol. 1-46r, 47v-48v; Cordoba, Bibl. del Cabildo 10, fol. 95ra-137rb; Cordoba, Bibl. del Cabildo 20 (fragmentary); Douai 593, fol. 101ff; Douai 595, 1st work; Durham, Cathedral C.III.4, 2nd work; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349, fol. 73-113; Escorial, K.I.9, fol. 68r-110vb; Florence, Bibl. Naz. Conv. Soppr. da ordinare: Vallombrosa 36 (325), fol. 87ra-129vb; Florence, Laurenziana S.Croce IVsin 2, fol. 79r-129v; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.6, 2nd work; Graz, Universitätsbibl. 374, fol. 97r-145v; Graz, Universitätsbibl. III.106, fol. 81r-122v; Graz, Universitätsbibl. III.138, fol. 81r-122v; Karlsruhe, Landesbibl. Aug.XL, fol. 83-120; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 983, fol. 61-91; Lille 145, fol. 80-119; Lincoln, Cathedral 29, fol. 52ff; Lincoln, Cathedral 38; Lincoln, Cathedral 163, fol. 84-126v; Lisbon, Bibl. nac. Alcob. 381; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11.C.VII, fol. 81r-112v; Lyon, Universitè 6, fol. 66r-81v (mutilated 1.3.1 - 1.8.3 with various additions); Marburg, Universitätsbibl. C.2, fol. 1-71; Modena, Bibl. Estense. XII.L.8; Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell'abbazia 67, pp. 163-244; Munich, Clm 3879, fol. 99-149; Orense, Bibl. del Cabildo, Frag. 37-B (fragmentary: 1.2.2-3, 5; 1.11.2; 1.12.1-2; 1.15.1; 1.16.2); Orense, Arch. de la Catedral 4, fol. 46r-72v; Orleans, Bibl. de la Ville 223; Padua, Bibl. Anton. N.35, fol. 81r-122v; Paris, B.N. lat. 3925A, fol. 3-66v; Paris, B.N. lat. 3929, 2nd work; Paris, B.N. lat. 3930, fol. 69r-98v; Paris, B.N. lat. 3931A, 2nd work; Paris, B.N. lat. 3932, fol. 70-102v; Paris, B.N. lat. 3953, 1st work; Paris, B.N. lat. 14321; Paris, B.N. lat. 15398, fol. 74-105v; Paris, B.N. lat. 15399, 2nd work; Paris, B.N. lat. 15400, fol. 70ra-102va; Paris, B.N. lat. 15997, 2nd work; Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2127, 2nd work; Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2192, 2nd work; Paris, Mazarine 1292, fol. 69-101v; Perugia, Bibl. Commun. L.69, fol. 108-163; Plock Diocesan Seminary no. 67, 2nd work; Plock Diocesan Seminary, no. 69, 2nd work; Reims 690, fol. 115-172; Rouen 706, fol. 81-125v; Saint-Omer, Bibl. Municip. 107 (450), fol. 119-166 (in a unique form); Saint-Omer, Bibl. Municip. 447, fol. 66r-101v; Sitten, Archiv des Domkapitels, fol. 102ra-151ra; Toulouse 368, fol. 63-93; Troyes 102, 2nd work; Troyes 385, 2nd work; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1377, fol. 101-145v; Vat. Borgh. lat. 264, fol. 75-107; Vat. Chis. E.VII.207, fol. 89-134v; Vat. Urb. 178, fol. 78-117; Worcester, Cathedral F.177, fol. 3-5 (fragment); Würzburg, Universitätsbibl. Mp. theol., fol. 112, fol. 62-107; Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 30, fol. ?-101; Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 34, fol. 84-127v. Lost Manuscripts: Bonn, formerly Bibl. Böcking (lost); Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 968, fol. 78-114v); Leningrad, Oéffl. Bibl. II.fol.mbr.15 4-42 (lost in fire); Tours 569, fol. 13-44v (lost);

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 9-16; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 345-354; Kenneth Pennington, ADecretal Collections 1190-1234,@ The History of Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140‑1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, edited by Wilfried Hartmann and Kenneth Pennington (History of Medieval Canon Law; Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2008) 293-317


Compilatio tertia

AUTHOR: Petrus Beneventanus

DATE/PLACE: 1209/10 (Rome?)

EDITION: E. Friedberg, Quinque Compilationes Antiquae (Leipzig 1882 [reprint ed. Graz 1956]) 105-134. In this edition, Friedberg presents only the texts of decretals which had been omitted from the Gregorian Decretals. He presented a register including incipits, explicits, and references to the Gregoriana for the remaining chapters. Thus, this edition must be used in conjunction with Friedberg's edition of the Gregoriana: Corpus iuris canonici, vol. II (Leipzig 1879 [reprint ed. Graz 1956]) 1-928. He claims to have used the following manuscripts for this edition: Munich, Clm 3879; Freiburg 361; Munich, Clm 6352; Fulda D.5; and Leipzig 983; as well as the edition of Antonio Augustin.

MANUSCRIPTS: Bolognese Vulgate: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 22, fol. 129r-244v; Admont, Stiftsbibl. 55, fol. 101r-222v; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19, fol. 116v-222; Can. 20, fol. 99-180v; Cordoba, Bibl. del Cabildo 10, fol. 138ra-273ra; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349, fol. 114-202v; Florence, Laurenziana S.Croce IVsin 2, fol. 130r-237v; Graz, Universitätsbibl. III.106, 123r-241r; Graz, Universitätsbibl. III.138, 123r-232v; Karlsruhe, Landesbibl. Aug.XL, fol. 121-230v; Kassel, iur. 11; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 983, fol. 92r-179r; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11.C.VII, fol. 113r-209r; Melk, Stiftsbibl. F.33, 2nd work; Melk, Stiftsbibl. I.37, 3rd work; Melk, Stiftsbibl. 190 [old 333]; Melk, Stiftsbibl. 190 [old 518], fol. 92r-152v; Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell'abbazia 46, pp. 181-437; Munich, Clm 3879, fol. 150-266; Paris, B.N. lat. 3930, 99r-215r; Paris, B.N. lat. 3931A, 3rd work; Paris, B.N. lat. 3932, fol. 103r-201v; Paris, B.N. lat. 14321, 3rd work; Paris, B.N. lat. 15997, 3rd work; Paris, B.N. lat. 16900; Paris, B.N. nouv. acq. lat. 2191; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1377, fol. 148r-279v; Vat. Borgh. lat. 264, fol. 108-230; Vat. Chis. E.VII.207, fol. 135-256v; Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 30, fol. 102-200; Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 34, fol. 128-242r. French Recension: Douai 598, fol. 2r-120r; Frankfurt am Main, Stadtbibl. 28, pp. 1-219; Graz, Universitätsbibl. 374, 146r-283v; Leningrad, lat. F. II. uel. 1, 1r-124v; Lyon, Universitè 6, fol. 82r-176r; Paris, B.N. lat. 3928; Paris, B.N. lat. 3929, 3rd work; Paris, B.N. lat. 3933, 1st work; Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2127, 3rd work; Paris, Mazarine 1292, fol. 102r-159v; Reims, Bibl. de la Ville 691, fol. 3r-152r; Rouen, Bibl. Munic. 706, fol. 127r-254r; Saint-Omer, Bibl. Municip. 447, 102r-202r; Saint-Omer, Bibl. Municip. 484, fol. 6r-109v; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1378, fol. 1r-105v (ends at 5.21.5, 'pro quo in late'); Vat. lat. 2509, fol. 140-275v; Vat. lat. 2510, fol. 1r-227r (16th century MS copied directly from Vat. lat. 1378). MSS exhibiting traces of French Recension: Hereford, Cathedral Chapter P.4.x, fol. 1r-185v; New Haven, Yale Univ. 423, fol. 1r-83v; Padua, Bibl. Ant. II.35, fol. 123r-258r; Paris, B.N. lat. 14611, fol. 1r-154r. MSS Not Categorized By Pennington: Arras 505, 3rd work; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 22, fol. 61-218; Beaune 19, fol. 133ff; Bruges, Stadtbibl. 367, fol. 114-231v; Burgo de Osma, Catedral 6, fol. 170-319v; Cambridge, Caius Coll. 17, fol. 135-328; Chartres 296, fol. 80ff; Chartres 318, fol. 117ff; Chartres 384, fol. 105-246; Copenhagen, Royal Bibl. Gl.Kgl.S. 196, fol. ; Cordoba, Bibl. del Cabildo 440; Douai 593, fol. 140ff; Durham, Cathedral C.III.4, 3rd work; Escorial, K.I.9, fol. 112ff; Florence, Bibl. Naz. Conv. Soppr. da ordinare: Vallombrosa 36 (325), fol. 131ra-260vb.; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.5, final work; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.6, 3rd work; Giessen, Universitätsbibl. MCVI; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 968, fol. 115-232; Lille 145, fol. 120-241; Lincoln, Cathedral 29, fol. 92ff; Lincoln, Cathedral 38, fol. 75ff; Lisbon, Bibl. nac. Alcob. 381, 3rd work; Orense, Arch. de la Catedral 4, fol. 74r-147; Orleans, Bibl. de la Ville 223 and 226; Paris, B.N. lat. 3926; Paris, B.N. lat. 3927; Paris, B.N. lat. 12542, 1st work; Paris, B.N. lat. 15398, fol. 106-202; Paris, B.N. lat. 15399, 3rd work; Paris, B.N. lat. 15400, fol. 125ra-226vb; Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2192, 3rd work; Perugia, Bibl. Commun. L.69, fol. 164ff; Plock Diocesan Seminary 69, 3rd work; Salamanca, Civil Universidad 2526 (fragmentary: fol. 251 - 1.24.1-4); Toulouse 368, fol. 120-223; Troyes 102, 3rd work; Troyes 439. Possible Manuscripts: Bordeaux, Bibl. de la Ville 400; Lucca, Cathedral Chapter 137; Madrid, Bibl. Nac. C.3; Madrid, Bibl. Nac. Tolentan. IV.20; Milan, Bibl. Trivulziana 388; Rieti, Bibl. Comun. O.1; Sienna, Bibl. Pubb. J.III.16; Vienna, ÖNB 2149, fol. 1-10v (fragmentary); Vienna, ÖNB 2153, fol. 95-190v; Vienna, ÖNB 2183, fol. 87-106. Lost Manuscripts: Leningrad, Oéffl. Bibl. II.fol.mbr.15 43ff (lost in fire)

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 9-16; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 355-368;  Kenneth Pennington, "The Making of a Decretal Collection:  The Genesis of Compilatio tertia,"  Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress of Medieval Canon Law, Salamanca 1976 (Vatican City: 1980) 67-92; Kenneth Pennington, ADecretal Collections 1190-1234,@ The History of Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140‑1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, edited by Wilfried Hartmann and Kenneth Pennington (History of Medieval Canon Law; Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2008) 293-317


 

Compilatio quarta, an odd compilation in that it contained decretals from Innocent III as well as the Constitutions of the Fourth Lateran Council. It thus was in part a duplication. Only the compiler, Johannes Teutonicus, ever glossed Compilatio quarta. Johannes brought the collection to Pope Innocent III and he went away angry. Stephan Kuttner has asserted that he sought the same sort of authentication for his decretal compilation that was given to Petrus Beneventanus's Compilatio tertia.

AUTHOR: Johannes Teutonicus

DATE/PLACE: Bologna 1216

EDITION: E. Friedberg, Quinque Compilationes Antiquae (Leipzig 1882 [reprint ed. Graz 1956]) 135-150. In this edition, Friedberg presents only the texts of decretals which had been omitted from the Gregorian Decretals. He presented a register including incipits, explicits, and references to the Gregoriana for the remaining chapters. Thus, this edition must be used in conjunction with Friedberg's edition of the Gregoriana: Corpus iuris canonici, vol. II (Leipzig 1879 [reprint ed. Graz 1956]) 1-928. He claims to have used the following manuscripts for this edition: Munich, Clm 3879; Freiburg 361; Munich, Clm 6352; Fulda D.5; and Leipzig 983; as well as the edition of Antonio Augustin.

MANUSCRIPTS: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 22, fol. 246v-270v; Arras 505, 4th work; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19, fol. 223r-255r; Can. 23, fol. 1-51; Beaune 19, fol. 273ff; Burgo de Osma, Catedral 6, fol. 320-356v; Cambridge, caius Coll. 17, pp. 329-381; Cambridge, Caius Coll. 150, fol. 120-151v; Chartres 318, fol. 238ff; Chartres 384, fol. 247-281v; Cordoba, Bibl. del Cabildo 10, fol. 274-306; Douai 593, fol. 75ff; Douai 596, 1st work; Durham, Cathedral C.III.4, 4th work; Florence, Bibl. Conv. soppr. da ordinare: Vallombrosa 36(325), fol. 261ra-293vb; Florence, Laurenziana S.Croce IVsin 2, fol. 238r-253v(251); Florence, Laurenziana S.Croce IIIsin 6, pp. 108ff; Frankfurt am Main, Stadtbibl. 28, fol. 1r-139v; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.6, 4th work; Graz, Universitätsbibl. 374, fol. 284r-319v; Graz, Universitätsbibl. III.106, fol. 243r-272v; Graz, Universitätsbibl. III.138, fol. 246v-268r; Hereford, Cathed. libr. P.4.x, fol. 187r-228v; Leiden, Universitätsbibl. Abl. 12; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 968, fol. 232-261; Leningrad, lat. F II vel.1, fol. 125r-156v; Lincoln, Cathedral 29, fol. 169-192v, fol. 3; Lisbon, Bibl. nac. Alcob. 381, fourth work; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11.C.VII, fol. 210r-243r; Lucca, Cathed. Chapter 137; Lucerne, Centralbibl. P.msc.2, fol. 1r-32r; Lyon, Universitè 6, fol. 177r-201v; Madrid, Bibl. Nac. C.3; Madrid, Bibl. Nac. Toletan. IV.20; Marburg, Universitätsbibl. C.2, fol. 71-103; Milan, Trivulziana 388; Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell'abbazia 185, pp. 181-239; Munich, Clm 3879, fol. 267-304; Orense, Arch. de la Catedral 4, fol. 148r-165v; Orleans, Bibl. de la Ville 223, 4th work; Orleans, Bibl. de la Ville 226, 2nd work; Padua, Bibl. Anton. N.35, fol. 259r-282r; Paris, B.N. lat. 3930, fol. 215v (fragment); Paris, B.N. lat. 3932, fol. 203r-236r; Paris, B.N. lat. 3933, 2nd work; Paris, B.N. lat. 11714, fol. 1ra-26vb; Paris, B.N. lat. 12542, 2nd work; Paris, B.N. lat. 14321, 4th work; Paris, B.N. lat. 15400, fol. 228ra-253rb; Paris, B.N. lat. 15997, 4th work; Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2192, 4th work; Reims 690, fol. 173-215; Rieti, Bibl. Commun. O.1; Rouen 706, fol. 269r-297r; Saint-Omer, Bibl. Municip. 447, fol. 203r-202v; Salamanca, Bibl. del Univer. 2475 (fragment 4 Comp. 2.17.3); Sienna, Bibl. Publ. J.III.16; Toulouse 368, fol. 95-119; Troyes 102, 4th work; Troyes 385, 2nd work; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1377, fol. 282r-317r; Vat. lat. 2509, fol. 276-310; Vat. Borgh. lat. 264, fol. 231-267v; Vat. Chis. E.VII.207, fol. 257-272v; Vienna, Staatsbibl. 2149, fol. 1-10v; Vienna, Staatsbibl. 2183, fol. 87-106; Worcester, Cathedral F.177, fol. 7-24v. Lost manuscripts: Bonn, formerly Bibl. Böcking (lost).

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 9-16; S. Kuttner, 'Johannes Teutonicus, das vierte Laterankonzil, und die Compilatio quarta', Miscellanea Giovanni Mercati (Studi e Testi 125; Città del Vaticano 1946) 608-34; idem, Repertorium 372-81; Kenneth Pennington, ADecretal Collections 1190-1234,@ The History of Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140‑1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, edited by Wilfried Hartmann and Kenneth Pennington (History of Medieval Canon Law; Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2008) 293-317

 

Compilatio quinta

AUTHOR: Tancred of Bologna

DATE/PLACE: Bologna 1226

EDITION: E. Friedberg, Quinque Compilationes Antiquae (Leipzig 1882; reprint ed. Graz 1956) 151-186.) In this edition, Friedberg presents only the texts of decretals which had been omitted from the Gregorian Decretals. He presented a register including incipits, explicits, and references to the Gregoriana for the remaining chapters. Thus, this edition must be used in conjunction with Friedberg's edition of the Gregoriana: Corpus iuris canonici, vol. II (Leipzig 1879 [reprint ed. Graz 1956]) 1-928. He claims to have used the following manuscripts for this edition: Munich, Clm 3879; Freiburg 361; Munich, Clm 6352; Fulda D.5; and Leipzig 983; as well as the edition of Antonio Augustin.

MANUSCRIPTS: Admont 22, fol. 271r-311r; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 23, fol. 55-115v; Chartres 384, fol. 282ff; Cordoba, Bibl. del Cabildo 10, fol. 307r-338; Cordoba, Bibl. del Cabildo 440; Douai 596, fol. 25ff; Graz, Universitätsbibl. 374, 320r-353v; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 968, fol. 262-297v; Lisbon, Bibl. Nac. Alcob. 381, 5th work; Lucerne, Centralbibl. P.msc.2, fol. 33r-64v; Madrid, Bibl. Nac. C.3; Madrid, Bibl. Nac. R.67; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11.C.VII, fol. 246-271v; Paris, B.N. lat. 3933, 3rd work; Paris, B.N. lat. 15997, 5th work; Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2127, 5th work; Tours 565, fol. 1-42; Vienna, Staatsbibl. 2077, fol. 2-33v; Vienna, Staatsbibl. 2183, fol. 106-108v (fragment).

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 9-16; L. Boyle, 'The Compilatio quinta and the registers of Honorius III', BMCL 8 (1978) 9-19. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 382-385; Kenneth Pennington, ADecretal Collections 1190-1234,@ The History of Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140‑1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, edited by Wilfried Hartmann and Kenneth Pennington (History of Medieval Canon Law; Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2008) 293-317.


Compilatio Romana (see Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus)


Commentum Atrebatense (see Note Atrebatenses)

 

Concordantia discordantium canonum (see Gratian)


 

Conradus Teutonicus (Konrad von Höxter), the author of a penitential Summula magistri Conradi, which was composed ca. 1226-29. It is based chiefly on the Summa of Damasus. Conradus is held to be identical with Konrad of Höxter, the first Dominican general for the German province (1221-36).

TEXT: Summula Conradi, EDITION: J. Renard, Trois sommes (Louvain 1989) 2.1-133.

LITERATURE: J. Dietterle, 'Die "Summa confessorum (sive de casibus conscientiae)" von ihren Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 24 (1903) 520-30, 26 (1905) 79-80; Kuttner, Repertorium443. J. Renard, Trois sommes de pénitence de la première moitié du xiiie siècle: La 'Summula Magistri Conradi'; les sommes 'Quia non pigris' et 'Decime dande sunt' (2 vols; Louvain 1989).

Constitutiones (See Church Councils by Name; Lateran IV, Lyons I, Lyons II, etc.)

 

Continuatio prima (see Summa Casinensis)

 

Cy(prian?) may have been the full name of an otherwise unknown magister, who wrote and signed some of the early glosses on Gratian's Decretum. Rudolf Weigand has counted seven of them in two manuscripts.

TEXTS: Glosses on the Decretum, MANUSCRIPTS: Arras, Bibl. Munic. 500; Munich, Clm 28175.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 48-49, 51, 82-83, 448, 450; idem, 'Glossenstudien', SG 26 (1992) III.20

d.-glosses, appear in a strata of Bolognese glosses composed during the 1180's. They are probably unrelated to David of London, whose canonistic activities date to a time prior to the 1170's. As an alternative, Weigand suggests identity with Magister Daifer.

MANUSCRIPTS: see R. Weigand (1991) III.19.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 19, 51; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 281 n.15. R. Weigand, 'Glossenstudien', III.19.

Daifer, Magister, wrote at least one gloss on the Decretum. Rudolf Weigand suggests that Daifer may have been the author of d.-gloss.

TEXTS: signed gloss, Arras, MS 271, fol. 187ra.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Glossenstudien', SG 25/26 (1991).

Damasus, born in Hungary rather than Bohemia, studied at Bologna and was 'Magister Decreti' at the beginning of the thirteenth century. Damasus taught there until c.1217, the date of his glosses on the arbor consanguinitatis, his last known work. He may also have taught in Hungary. D. wrote an apparatus of glosses on the first three Compilationes, the Constitutions of the Fourth Lateran Council and the Arbor consanguinitatis. Danasus also wrote Brocarda on the Decretum, Quaestiones, and two Summae on decretals. With Alanus Anglicus and Laurentius Hispanus, Damasus influenced the study of canon law in the early thirteenth century by the heavy introduction of Roman law learning.

TEXTS:1. Apparatus ad Compilationem primam, MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19, fol. 1-77v (second layer); Basel, Universitätsbibl. C.I.13, fol. 246ra-265vb [breaks at 1 Comp. 5.14]; Geneva, Bibl. public et univer. lat. 167 <many glosses signed with d.>; Paris B.N. lat. 3930, fol. 1-64v. According to García y García, the Paris manuscript contains a first recension, the Bamberg manuscript a second.

2. Apparatus ad Compilationem secundam, MANUSCRIPTS: Paris B.N. lat. 3930, fol. 65-98; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19, fol. 79-116. According to García y García, the Paris manuscript contains a first recension, the Bamberg manuscript a second.

3. Apparatus ad compilationem tertiam (comments in 1 and 2 such as, 'ut ibi notaui', indicate that Damasus wrote such a work, but it has never been found).

4. Apparatus ad constitutiones quarti concilii Lateranensis EDITION: A. García y García, Constitutiones Concilii quarti Lateranensis una cum Commentariis glossatorum (MIC A-2; Vatican City 1981) 387-460.

5. Brocarda, MANUSCRIPTS: Basel, Universitätsbibl. C.I.13; Berlin, Stadtbibl. lat., fol. 249, fol. 32va-39rc; Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 217; Bruges, Bibl. de la Ville 366, fol. 55r-77r; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.10, fol. 72r-78r; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 928, fol. 93-108; Karlsruhe, Landesbibl. Fragm. 174; London, BM Addit.24979, fol. 16-; Nuremberg, Stadtbibl. Cent. V. 95, fol. 59-81; Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud. Misc. 646, fol. 100-106v; Paris, B.N. lat. 3969, fol. 1-8; Paris, B.N. lat. 14320, fol. 213-221; Prague, Nationalmuseum XVII A. 16, fol. 146-149; Rome, Casinensis 1910, fol. 34v-38; Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. 261, fol. 45-52; Vienna, ÖNB 2080, fol. 127-134.

6. Quaestiones, MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Stadtbibl. 394, fol. 84f [incomplete]; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 42, fol. 9-28; Can. 45, fol. 75-89; Basel, Universitätsbibl. C.I.13, fol. 266ra-282rb; Berlin, Stadtbibl. lat., fol. 249, fol. 39ra-54rb; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.10, fol. 56-58v; Klosterneuberg, Stifstbibl. 656; Königsberg, Universitätsbibl. 17, fol. 1-12; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 928, fol. 55-92; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 975, fol. 197-208; London, Lambeth Palace 139, fol. 160-61 [fragmentary]; Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud. Misc. 646, fol. 82-99; Padua, Bibl. Antoniana 68; Paris, B.N. lat. 14320, fol. 172v-192; Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. 261, fol. 19-44v; Vat. Pal. lat. 656, fol. 203-226; Venice, S. Marco VIII 22, fol. 72-89; Vienna, ÖNB 2080, fol. 107-118; Worcester, Cathed. F.159, fol. 46-61.

7. Summa decretalium, MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Stadtbibl. 394, fol. 100ff; Avranches, Stadtbibl. 156, fol. 19ff; Basel, Universitätsbibl. C.I.13, fol. 20 ff; Berlin, Stadtbibl. lat., fol. 249, fol. 1r-16ra; Berlin, Stadtbibl. theol. lat., fol. 440, fol. 97-149v; Bern, Stadtbibl. 688, fol. 72-101v; Klosterneuberg, Stifstbibl. 1048; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 928, fol. 25-54v; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 975, fol. 172v-184; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 6 B X, fol. 133ff; Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell'abbazia 136, p. 281-316; Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud. Misc. 646, fol. 107-128; Paris, B.N. lat. 14320, fol. 151-172v; Rome, Casanatense 1910, fol. 76-90v; Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. 261, fol. 1-18v; Vat. Pal. lat. 656, fol. 159-174; Venice, S. Marco VIII 22, fol. 1-22; Vienna, ÖNB 2080, fol. 97-107; Worcester, Cathed. F.159, fol. 71-85v.

8. Summa titulorum decretalium ('Vilitati sociorum meorum'), EDITION: A. Vetulani, SG 1 (1953) 281-82, has printed most of the prologue; MANUSCRIPTS: Gniezno, Bibl. Kapit. 50, fol. 75-108v; Trier, Stadtbibl. 922, fol. 61-90v (ends at 1 Comp. 5.34).

9. Glosses on Arborem consanguinitatis, EDITION: By A. García y García, ZRG Kan. Abt. 68 (1982) 153-85.

MANUSCRIPTS: Graz, Universitätsbibl. 138, fol. 289r; Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 625, fol. 3vb; Rouen, Bibl. Munic. 706, fol. 297va-b; Vat, Ross. lat. 595, fol. 2ra-b.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 11, 13; A. García y García, 'Observaciones sobre los Apparatus de Dámaso Húngaro a la tres primeras Compilaciones antiguas', Traditio 18 (1962) 469-71; idem, 'Glosas de Juan Teutónico, Vicente Hispano y Dámaso Húngaro a los Arbores Consanguinitatis et Affinitatis', ZRG Kan. Abt. 68 (1982) 153-185. S. Kuttner, 'Damasus als Glossator', ZRG Kan. Abt. 23 (1934); idem, Repertorium 393-96, 419-22, 426-28; idem, 'Retractationes IX', Gratian and the schools of law(London 1983) 41. C. Lefebvre, 'Damasus', DDC 4 (1949) 1014-19. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 360-66. Schulte, QL I 194-96. H. Van de Wouw, 'Damasus', LMA 3 (1986) 470-71; A. Vetulani, SG 1 (1953) 281-82. R. Weigand, 'Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio16 (1960) 561; idem, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 362-75.


David of London, probably studied canon law in French schools and in Bologna before 1170. His identity with a Bolognese glossator of the 1180's who signed his glosses with 'd.' is unlikely.

TEXTS: Glosses on Decretum, MANUSCRIPTS: see R. Weigand (1991) III.19).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 281; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 286. S. Kuttner, Gratian and the Schools, 'Retractationes' VIII 26. R. Weigand, 'Glossenstudien', SG 26 (1991) III.19.


De coniugio: 'Cum alia sacramenta...' (see under Marriage Tract:)


De ortu coniugii: 'Sacramentum coniugii non ab homine...' (see under Marriage Tract:)


De instrumentis falsis uel suspectis in iudicio reprobandis, a canonist's reworking of a civilian treatise, de reprobatione instrumentorum.

EDITION: None

MANUSCRIPTS: Rome, Bibl. Casanat. 1910, fol. 74ra-rb.

LITERATURE: R. Fraher, 'Tancred's "Summula de criminibus": A new text and a key to the "Ordo iudiciarius",' BMCL 9 (1979) 23-35.


De modis arguendi

MANUSCRIPTS:

LITERATURE: S. Caprioli, 'De "modis arguendi" scripta rariora: 1.(-5)', Studi senesi III.12 (1963) 30-56, 107-90, 230-53; III.14 (1965) 355-414.


De modis soluendi contraria, an unusual work, a collection of loci for the resolving of contradictions between legal texts. In 1937, Kuttner labeled this work as a Notabilia in the Repertorium de Kanonistik; but by 1966, he decided it was a work in a genre by itself.

MANUSCRIPTS: Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 936, fol. 117va-119rb; Worcester MS F 159, fol. 185rb-vb.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium, 415; idem, 'De modis soluendi contraria', Traditio 22 (1966) 478-79.


De ortu coniugii: 'Sacramentum coniugii non ab homine'

MANUSCRIPTS: Stuttgart HB VI 63, fol. 43-49.

LITERATURE:

De presumptionibus (see Summa de presumptionibus)


De quaestione incidenti et emergenti, a decretalist's reworking of a civilian treatise; almost certainly not the work of Tancred.

MANUSCRIPTS: Rome, Bibl. Casanat. 1910, fol. 74rb.

LITERATURE: R. Fraher, 'Tancred's "Summula de criminibus": A new text and a key to the "Ordo iudiciarius",' BMCL 9 (1979) 23-35.


Decretales Gregorii IX (Also Liber Extra), a compilation of the Decretals from the Compilationes antique edited and reorganized by Raymundus de Peñafort at the command of Pope Gregory IX. According to the promulgation bull of 1234, 'Rex pacificus', Raymundus eliminated all that was contradictory or repetitious. Pope Gregory also contributed decretals, some of them not written on specific cases but stating more abstract points of law. Although the Pope declared that decretals which had been omitted were no longer to be cited, some canonists did so because they valued the 'ratio' which a particular decretal contained. Although 'Rex pacificus' marked an important step on the road to a positive theory of law, nevertheless the older paradigm of law as a sort of written reason was by no means overthrown.

The organization of the Decretales followed the pattern established in the Compilationes antique. There were five books whose contents were suggested by the mnemonic, 'iudex, iudicium, clerum, connubia, crimen'. Each book is divided into titles such as 'de consuetudine', 'de prebendis' and 'de uerborum significatione' which contained a series of decretal letters arranged generally in chronological order.

Major commentaries on the Decretales Gregorii IX were written by the following canonists in the thirteenth century: Aegidius de Fuscarariis, Balduinus Brandenburgensis, Bernardus de Montemirato Bernardus Parmensis (this was the Glossa Ordinaria), Boatinus of Mantua, Bonaguida Aretinus, Egidius de Fuscarariis, Franciscus de Albano, Goffredus de Trano (Tranensis), Guillelmus Naso, Henry of Merseyburg, Henry of Susa, Innocent IV, Pope, Johannes (Guidonis) de Ancona, Johannes Hispanus de Compostela, Johannes de Phintona, Petrus Sampson and Vincentius Hispanus. Later commentaries were written by Alexander de Nevo, Alexander Tartagnus, Andreas Barbatius, Angelo da Castro, Antonius de Butrio, Antonius de Rosellis, Arnold Westphal, Augustin Bero, Baldus de Ubaldis, Benedictus Capra, Cosma Contarini, Dominicus de Sancto Geminiano, Egidius de Bellamera, Felinus Sandeus, Franciscus de Accoltis, Franciscus Zabarella, Giacomo Zocchi, Giovanni Giacomo Can, Henricus Bohic, Henricus minor, Jacobus Cionis Illerdensis, Johannes Andreae, Johannes Franciscus Poggius, Johannes de Lignano, Marianus Socinus, Martinus Martini, Nicolaus de Tudeschis, Paulus de Aretio, Petrus de Ancharano, Petrus Joannis, Philipus Decius, Prosdocimo Conti and Stefano Buonaccorsi.

AUTHOR: compiled and edited by Ramundus de Peñafort

EDITION: E. Friedberg, ed. Corpus iuris canonici, vol. II. (Leipzig 1879 [repr. ed. Graz 1959] 1-928.

MANUSCRIPTS:  Taken from lists compiled by Martin Bertram (http://www.dhi-roma.it/bertram_extrahss.html?&L=0) FRANCE: Paris, Bibl. Mazarine 1293, 1294, 1295,  1296, 1297,  1298, Paris. Bibl. Ste. Geneviève 331,  1653,  2960, Paris, BNF lat. 3936, 3937, ' 3938 ' 3939 ' 3940, 3941, 3942, 3943, 3944, 3945, 3946, 3947, 3948, 3949, 3450, 3950A, 3951, 3952, 3954, 3955, 3956, 3957, 3958, 3959, 3960, 3960A, 4294, 4295, 4295A, 4379, 8923, 8924, 9633, 11715, 11716, 11717, 13664, 14322, 14323, 14324, 15401, 15402, 15403, 15404, 15405, 15406, 15407, 15408, 15998, 15999, 16541, 16542 Alençon, Municipale 23 (CGD 2, S. 499) Amiens, Municipale 357, 358, 359 Angers, Municipale 374 (361), 376 (363), 377 (364), 378 (365), 379 (366), Arras, Municipale 11 (6), 287 (939), 289 (954), 568 (455), 581 (476), 593 (499), 793 (443), 802 (9), 811 (451), 816 (485), Autun, Municipale S 102 (formerly Séminaire 82), S 116 (formerly Séminaire 97), Avranches, Municipale 150, 151, 152, 155, 156, Besançon, Municipale 380,  Bourges, Municipale 183, 185, 186, 189, Cambrai, Muncicipale 288+289, 511, 619, 647, Chalons-sur-Marne, Municipale 63, Chantilly, Musée Condé 216 Carpentras, Municipale 172, Chartres, Municipale 146 (202), 149 (207), 280 (334),  Douai, Municipale 599, 600, 601, 602, 603, 604, 606, 607, Grenoble, Municipale 477 (früher 72/505), Laon, Municipale 156, 357, 359, 364, 365, 366, 381, Lille, Municipale 145, Lyon, Municipale 337 (270), Metz, Municipale 56, 105, Montpellier, Faculté de Médecine (H) 9, Municipale 31,  Poitiers, Municipale 122, 130,  Privas, Archive dépt. de l'Ardèche Ms. 2, Reims, Municipale 693, 694, 695, 696, 697, 698, 699, Rouen, Municipale 711 (E.3), 712 (E.26), 713 (E.87), 714 (E.45), 715 (E.58), 716 (E.69), 717 (E.70), 718 (E.86), 719 (E.91), 720 (E.18), 721 (E.14), 723 (E.42), 724 (E.51), 725 (E.94), Saint-Claude, Municipale 7, Saint-Mihiel, Municipale 8, Saint-Omer, Municipale 434, 435, 436, 455, 459, 480, 488, 575, Tours, Municipale 568 (571), Troyes, Municipale 193, 247, 858, 1244, 1413, 1508, 1783, 1902, Vendôme, Municipale 80, 81.

 

LITERATURE: S. Horwitz, 'Magistri and magisterium: Saint Raymond of Peñafort and the Gregoriana', Escritos del vedat 7 (1977) 209-38; idem, 'Reshaping a decretal chapter: Tua nobis and the canonists', Law, church, and society: Essays in honor of Stephan Kuttner, ed. K. Pennington and R. Somerville (Philadelphia 1977) 207-21. S. Kuttner, 'Raymond of Penyafort as editor: The "decretales" and "constitutiones" of Gregory IX', BMCL 12 (1982) 65-80. Schulte, QL II 3-25, Martin Bertram, 'Die Dekretalen Gregors IX. (1234): Kompilation oder Kodifikation?'  Magister Raimundus: Atti del Convegno per il IV centenario della Canonizzazione di San Raimondo de Penyafort (1601-2001), ed. C. Longo OP (Rom: Istituto Storico Domenicano, 2002) 61-86.

Decretum (see Gratian)

Decretum versificatum (see Werner von Schussenried)

Distinctio De absentia, a canonist's expansion of the civilian Hugolinus's Distinctio Cum aliquis est.

EDITION: none

MANUSCRIPTS: Rome, Bibl. Casanat. 1910, fol. 74rb

LITERATURE: R. Fraher, 'Tancred's "Summula de criminibus": A new text and a key to the "Ordo iudiciarius",' BMCL 9 (1979) 23-35. S. Kuttner, 'Analecta iuridica Vaticana (Vat. lat. 2343)', Collectanea Vaticana in honorem Anselmi M. Card. Albareda (Studi e Testi 219-220; Vatican City 1962) I, 423 n.1. P. Legendre, 'Nouveaux manuscrits de droit savant', RHD 35 (1957) 412.


Distinctio (Notabilia) 'Delicto coram iudice manifestato', based on the Decretum and treating the various forms of pleading. Written perhaps by the same author as the Perpendiculum.

MANUSCRIPTS: Grenoble, Bibl. Munic. 626, fol. 163rb-c; Munich, Clm 7622, fol. 50rb; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. Rep. II 117, fol. 5ra; Vatican City, Bibl. Apost. Borgh. 287, fol. 6vc, 8va-b.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 234; idem, 'Retractationes IX', Gratian and the Schools(London 1983) 40.


Distinctio 'Est ius naturale', appears in a manuscript alongside Alanus's Decretum-Apparatus, Ius naturale (see Alanus Anglicus) and the reportatio of Laurentius's lectures on the Decretum (see Laurentius Hispanus). Rudolf Weigand has identified a set of Distinctiones in the hand of the author of the reportatio as well. They seem to have been influenced by the Summa Lipsiensis.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 15393, fol. 2vb.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 203-04.

Distinctio Ius naturale, transmitted in two manuscripts where it follows the Summa Permissio quedam. Influenced by the Summa De iure canonico tractaturus.

EDITION: In part by R. Weigand (1963) 204-5.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 204-6.

Distinctiones Bambergenses (see Summa 'Permissio quedam')

Distinctiones Cantabrigienses (on Gratian's Decretum), represent the oldest type of Distinctiones, composed no later than in the 1160's.

MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Univ. Libr. Addit. 3321.1, fol. 36-59.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 213-214.

Distinctiones Carnotenses (on Gratian's Decretum), of Bolognese origin and composed probably in the 1150's.

MANUSCRIPTS: Chartres, Bibl. de la Ville 169, fol. 76-80v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 211-13.


Distinctiones 'Consuetudo' (Summa Gallicana-Bambergensis), on Gratian's Decretum. These French 'Distinctiones' are mostly excerpted from the Summa 'Inperatorie maiestati' (ca. 1175-78).

MANUSCRIPTS: Arras, Bibl. Munic. 271, fol. 181vb-88r (excerpt); Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 17, fol. 96-103v, 178-180v (fragment); London, Brit. Libr. Cott. Vit. A. III, fol. 219-227v (fragment).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 219; idem 'An interim checklist of manuscripts', Traditio11 (1955) 446-47; idem, 'Notes on manuscripts', Traditio 15 (1959) 499; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 135-37. H. Singer, 'Beiträge zur Würdigung der Decretistenlitteratur I', AKKR 69 (1893) 416, 420-36.

Distinctiones Halenses (see Summa 'Permissio quedam')

Distinctiones 'Hec sunt que suadent ne spoliatus', a set of distinctions not forming part of the Notabilia 'Delicto coram iudice manifestato', but immediately following it in the Vatican manuscript.

MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. 287, fol. 9-10.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 234; idem, 'Retractationes IX', Gratian and the Schools of Law (London 1983) 40.

Distinctiones Lex naturalis, an Anglo-Norman compilation of ca. 1200.

MANUSCRIPT: London, Brit. Libr. Addit. 24659, fol. 2v-4v, 10r, 43v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Dat Galienus opes et sanctio Justiniana', Linguistic and literary studies in honor of Helmuth H. Hatzfeld, ed. A. Crisafulli. (Washington, D.C. 1964) 242 n.22.

Distinctiones Monacenses ('Si mulier eadem hora...'), on Gratian's Decretum, this work belonged to the circle of Gerard Pucelle and the Anglo-French orbit. The author was probably a jurist from Westphalia, who composed it in the early 1170's.

MANUSCRIPTS: Leipzig, Stadtbibliothek Rep. I.7; Munich, Clm 16084, fol. 38v-62; Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 640, fol. 146-164v.

EDITION:  Distinctiones 'Si mulier eadem hora’ seu Monacenses. Edited by A.J. de Groot. Rechtshistorische reeks van het Gerard Noodt Instituut, 36. Nijmegen: Gerard Noodt Instituut, 1996. Distinctiones 'Si mulier eadem hora’ seu Monacenses. Edit Rosalba Sorice. Monumenta iuris canonici, Series A: Corpus Glossatorum, 4. Citt del Vaticano: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 2002.  Sorice's edition is a revised text based on de Groot's, with many improvements. 

LITERATURE: A.J. De Groot, 'Probleme bei der Ausgabe der sogennanten Distinctiones Monacenses', Proceedings Salamanca (MIC C-6; Vatican City 1980) 187-94. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 215-16; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 296-303. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 130-33. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 150-51.

Distinctiones Oxonienses, on Gratian's Decretum. This work was heavily influenced by the Summaof Johannes Faventinus in what suggests a Bolognese origin shortly after 1171.

MANUSCRIPTS: Oxford, Corpus Christi Coll. 154, p. 214-258.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 216-18.


Distinctiones Palatinae on Gratian's Decretum

MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 678, fol. 99v-100.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 214-15.


Distinctiones Parisienses on Gratian's Decretum

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 1566, fol. 80-87.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 218-19.

Distinctionum fragmenta Londinensia appear in a manuscript which also contains the Summa of Simon of Bisignano. The texts are certainly of Anglo-Norman origin, but show no particular connection with the Distinctiones Decretorum of Ricardus Anglicus.

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Addit. 24659, fol. 2v-4v, 43v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 227. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 208-12.


Ecce vicit leo, an early thirteenth-century French apparatus on the Decretum that has survived in two recensions (1202/10). The work draws from many of the older Bolognese decretists, particularly Huguccio, and often shares doctrinal features with the Summa Bambergensis, another French product of the same decade.

EDITION: None

MANUSCRIPTS: First Recension (1202): Saint Florian, Stiftsbibl. XI. 605 [breaks at de con. D.4 c.28; without Gratian's text]; Second Recension (1210): Hamburg, Staats- und Universitätsbibl. Cod. jur. 2231 [manuscript contains Gratian's Decretum C.1 through de consecratione with Ecce vicit leo]; Laon 371, fol. 1-82v [breaks at C.27 q.2 c.48; without Gratian's text]; Paris, B.N. nouv. acq. lat. 1576; Vendôme, Bibl. Munic. 242 [begins at D.50; without Gratian's text]. Fragmentary texts: Cambridge, Trinity Coll. O.5.17 [many pages and glosses missing]; Lincoln, Cathedral 137 [fragmentary]; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 41, fol. 126r-135r [without Gratian's text; contains only the commentary to Causa 1, the rest is Huguccio]; Vat. Borgh. lat. 270, [only Causa 23-26, the rest is Huguccio]; Liege, Univ. 127E (499) contains a conflation of the Summa 'Animal est substantia' with Ecce uicit leo. A commentary on Compilatio prima in the manuscripts, Brussels 1407-09 may be related to Ecce uicit leo.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 59-66; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 288 n.50. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 243-51. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschließung im kanonischen Recht (Munich 1963) 1.195-97; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 242-46 and passim.

Egidius (decretist), nothing of this Anglo-Norman canonist is known other than that he wrote a work called the Lucubratiuncule on the Decretum of Gratian. This work was heavily influenced by Simon of Bisignano's Summa (1177-79).

TEXTS: Lucubratiuncule MANUSCRIPT: Rome, Bibl. Vittorio Emanuele MS 1369, fol. 75ra.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949-51) 301, 343; S. Kuttner, 'Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the Schools of law (1140-1234) (London 1983) 30. A. Rota, 'Il decretista Egidius e la sua concezione del diritto naturale', SG 2 (1954) 211-49. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 176-77, 289.

Egidius (Magister), nothing is known about this canonist other than that he wrote a Summa on procedure that remains to be studied.

TEXTS: Summa (on procedure) MANUSCRIPT: London, British Library Harley MS 3763, fol. 44vb.

LITERATURE: J. Sayers, 'An Evesham Manuscript containing the treatise known as "Actor et Reus",' BMCL 6 (1976) 79.  

Egidius de Fuscarariis (Gilles de Foscararii), identified as a magister Decretorum at Bologna in 1252 and as a doctor Decretorum in 1269. Egidius was the first layman to teach canon law at Bologna. Egidius wrote a treatise on procedure, a Lectura on the Decretales Gregorii XI now lost, a treatise on notaries which is also lost, as well as Quaestiones and Consilia.  Egidius died at Bologna in 1289.

TEXTS:

1. Tractatus de ordine iudiciario EDITION: L. Wahrmund, ed. Der Ordo iudiciarius des Aegidius de Fuscarariis, Quellen zur Geschichte des römisch- kanonischen Prozesses im Mittelalter, III.I (Innsbruck 1916 [reprint ed. Aalen 1962]).

2. Lectura in decretales (Savigny believed two fragments may survive in Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 163 et 170, but von Schulte doubted this.)

3. Tractatus de tabellionis

4. Consilia et Quaestiones EDITION: C. Reatz, Collectio scriptorum de processu canonicoI (Giessen 1860), prints ten quaestiones from  Bamberg and Darmstadt manuscripts. 

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 43; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853.

LITERATURE: J. Deshusses, 'Gilles de Foscarari ou Aegidius de Fuscarariis' DDC 5 (1953) 967-68. Schulte, QL II 139-43.


'Ego dico tibi "Tu es Petrus",' a commentary on De penitentia

MANUSCRIPTS: Zwettl 162, fol. 50-65v, Poznan, Metrop. Chapter 28, fol. 190r-200v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 323 n.18; idem, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools (London 1983) 20.


Eilbertus Bremensis, a canonist and author of a versified procedural treatise which he published while serving at the court of Bishop Wolfger of Passau, ca. 1192-95.

TEXT: Ordo iudiciarius

EDITION: L. Wahrmund, Quellen zur Geschichte des römisch-kanonischen Processes im Mittelalter I.5 (Innsbruck 1906).

LITERATURE: W. Stelzer, 'Eilbert von Bremen', ÖAKR 27 (1976) 60-69.


Evrardus Yprensis, a Cistercian monk from Clairvaux, wrote a Summa decretalium quaestionum which is just an epitome of Sicardus of Cremona's Summa (1179-81).

TEXTS: Summa decretalium quaestionum

MANUSCRIPTS: Reims, Bibl. de la Ville 689.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 187-90. N.M. Haring, 'A Latin Dialogue on the doctrine of Gilbert of Poitiers', Mediaeval Studies 15 (1953) 243-89; idem, 'Everard of Ypres and his appraisal of the conflict between St. Bernard and Gilbert of Poitiers', Mediaeval Studies 17 (1955) 143-72.


Exceptiones decretalium trium compilationum, a very brief epitome or outline of the first three Compilatione antique.

MANUSCRIPTS: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 611; Arras, Bibl. Munic. 285; Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 231, fol. 122-99v; Capestrano (Aquila), Oratorium XXXVI; Douai, Bibl. Munic. 597; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11.C.VII, fol. 4, 245; Lyons, Bibl. Univ. 338; Paris, B.N. lat. 3931, fol. 1-50; Paris, B.N. lat. 3934, fol. 27-54; Saumur, Bibl. Munic. 9, fol. 1-27v; Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 1835; Vat. Borgh. lat. 63.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 436-37.


Excerptum decretorum, a large collection of Quaestiones in a Pommersfelden MS bears this title.

EDITION: None

MANUSCRIPTS: Pommersfelden, Bibl. Graf Schönborn MS 41 (2918), fol. 1-69v.

LITERATURE: A. Stickler, 'Decretista Germanica Adaucta', Traditio 12 (1956) 603.


Fidantia (Fidentius), a canon of Civita Castellana mentioned in a decretal of 21.12.1176 in Jaffe-Lowenfeld, no. 13854. Fidantia wrote some glosses on the Decretum which appear under the siglum 'f.' and f.c.

TEXTS: Glosses on Decretum MANUSCRIPTS: Bernkastel-Kues, Sankt-Nikolaus-Hospital, Cusanus-Stiftsbibl. 223; Hereford, Cathed. Libr. P.vii.3; Munich, Clm 10244; Reims, Bibl. Munic. 676; see also Glossa Palatina.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Kanonistische Ergänzungen zur Italia pontificia (Tübingen 1959) 28 n.21. S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 281 nn. 16, 17; idem, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools of Law 1140-1234 (London 1983) 10-11. R. Weigand, 'Die Glossen', SG 26.III 23.

Flores decretorum, a summary of the Decretum

MANUSCRIPTS: Washington D.C. L.C. Law Library, MS F 6.

LITERATURE: Brief description only in S. Kuttner, 'Manuscripts and Incunabula Exhibited at the Inauguration of the Institute in May, 1956', Traditio 12 (1956) 614.

Fragmentum A (Asloense), the remnants of a decretal collection that was first believed to belong to the Wigorniensis group (W. Holtzmann, 1945), but the true origin of which remains to be ascertained. At any rate, the work postdates Compilatio I (W. Holtzmann, 1954).

EDITION: None.

MANUSCRIPTS: Oslo, Staatsarchiv (two? or four folios used as binding material in different codices).

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, Twelfth Century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History (London 1963) 124 n.2. W. Holtzmann, 'Über eine Ausgabe der papstlichen Dekretalen des 12.Jahrhunderts', Nachrichten der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen, Phil. - Hist. Klasse(1945) 24; idem and E. Kemp. Papal Decretals relating to the Diocese of Lincoln in the Twelfth Century, Lincoln Record Society 47 (1954) xiii; W. Holtzmann, 'La collection "Seguntina" et les décrétales de Clément III et de Célestin III,' RHE 50 (1955) 401 n.2. Charles Lefebvre, 'Fragment d'Oslo', DDC 6 (1957) 1180.

Fragmentum B (Parisiense I), preserves three decretals, two of them subdivided into several items and distributed under rubrics, the latest dated 1169.

EDITION: Summary analysis by Kuttner, Repertorium 286-87.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 15001, fol. 121vb-122.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium, 286-87; idem, 'The "Extravagantes" of the Decretum in Biberach', BMCL 3 (1973) 64.

Fragmentum C (Parisiense II), related to the collections of Gilbertus and Alanus.

EDITION:

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2477 (two folios).

LITERATURE: P. Lauer, Bibliothèque de l'Ecole des Chartes 96 (1935) 214. W. Holtzmann, Kanonistische Ergänzungen zur Italia pontificia (Tübingen 1959) 13.


Fragmentum Cantabrigiense, a decretist work dependent on the teachings of Magister Rolandus, composed at Bologna ca. 1148-59.

MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Univ. Libr. Addit. 3321, fol. 4r-35v (covers C.23 q.8 c.27 - C.35 pr. only).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 129; idem and E. Rathbone, "Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 292. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 49-50. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 116-26.


Fragmentum D (Parisiense III), 19 decretals of Alexander III. which (except one) were incorporated integrally into a collection of the primitve type..

EDITION: Analysis by S. Chodorow, BMCL 3 (1973) 51-55.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 587, fol. 133r-134v.

LITERATURE: S. Chodorow, 'A Group of Decretals by Alexander III', BMCL 3 (1973) 51-55.

Fragmentum E (Trecense; formerly Collectio Trecensis), contains decretals appended to a copy of the Decretum, none of which dates later than into the early years of Alexander III's pontificate.

EDITION:

MANUSCRIPTS: Troyes, Bibl. de la Ville 103, fol. 2, 265v-266.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium, 287-88. J. Rambaud-Buhot, SG I (1953) 136 n.23.


Fragmentum F (Zwettlense), contains 24 decretals, most of them much abbreviated.

EDITION:

MANUSCRIPTS: Zwettl, Klosterbibl. 34, fol. 82.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Notes on a projected corpus of 12th century decretal collections', Traditio 6 (1948) 350.


Fragmentum Florentinum (see Collectio Lipsiensis).

Fragmentum G (Veronense), 20 decretals and the canons of Lateran III in the form of the 'Bambergensis Group'.

EDITION:

MANUSCRIPTS: Verona, Arch. di Stato Vari C 2, fol. 1r-2v.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Kanonistische Ergänzungen zur Italia pontificia (Tübingen 1959) 13.

Fragmentum H (Riccardianum), a disorderly epitome of a systematic collection, perhaps of Compilatio I.

EDITION:

MANUSCRIPTS: Florence, Bibl. Riccardi 338, fol. 215v-224v

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Notes on a projected corpus of 12th century decretal collections', Traditio 6 (1948) 350.

Fragmentum I (Salmantinum), twelfth century decretals mainly from Alexander III, which also appear in Collectiones Sangermanensis and Tanneri.

EDITION: Summary analysis by A. García y García, Traditio 22 (1966) 466-67.

MANUSCRIPTS: Salamanca, Bibl. de Univ. Civil 2241, fly-leaf.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'Canonística Hispanica', Traditio 22 (1966) 466-67.

Fragmentum K (Seguntinum), Collection of decretals from Alexander III in 27 chapters.

EDITION:

MANUSCRIPTS: Sigüenza, Bibl. del Cabildo 14 (or 41?), 2 fly-leaves.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, 'Varia ex manuscriptis', Traditio 21 (1965) 517-518.

Fragmentum L (Cantabrigiense), a series of decretals following Appendix concilii Lateranensis, largely from papal legislation of the 1160's and 1170's.

EDITION: Analyzed by C. Duggan, Traditio 18 (1962) 459-68.

MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, St. John's College 148 (F.11), fol. 77v-84v.

LITERATURE: C. Duggan, 'English canonists and the "Appendix Concilii Lateranensis",' Traditio18 (1962) 459-68.

Fragmentum Londinense, a fragment of a primitive decretal collection comprising six items.

EDITION: None.

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. 11.B.V, fol. 207-208v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 305.

Fragmentum M (Cracoviense), a derivative from Collectio Lipsiensis.

EDITION: Analyzed by A. Vetulani - S. Kuttner, Traditio 16 (1960) 534-40.

MANUSCRIPTS: Cracow, Cathed. Chapter 106, fol. 1-2

LITERATURE: A. Vetulani - S. Kuttner, 'Un fragment d'une collection systématique de décrétales antérieure à la "Compilatio Prima",' Traditio 16 (1960) 534-40.


Fragmentum Monacense, a series of extravagantes, most of which belong to the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-81). With the exception of one item, all of the material forms also part of the Collectio Cusana.

EDITION: Analysis by R. Weigand, BMCL 13 (1983) 20-24.

MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 28175, fol. 318ra-320rd.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Die Dekretanhänge in den Handschriften Hewiligenkreuz 44, Pommersfelden 142 und München 28175', BMCL 13 (1983) 19-25.


Fragmentum N (Arundelianum), eleven items, extracted from a collection of the Lucensis type.

EDITION: Analyzed by C. Cheney, BMCL 8 (1978) 6-7.

MANUSCRIPTS: London, College of Arms, Arundel 30, fol. 1r-v, 4v.

LITERATURE: C. Cheney, 'The fragment of a decretal collection from Bury St. Edmunds', BMCL 8 (1978) 1-7.


Fragmentum O (Dertusense), contains 9 decretals, the latest dated 17 July 1193. Chodorow believes the fragment derives from the source from which the Collectio Dertusensis III also derived.

EDITION: Analyzed by S. Chodorow (1982) 29-31.

MANUSCRIPTS: Tortosa, Bibl. del Cabildo MS 269, fol. 11.

LITERATURE: S. Chodorow, 'The Collectio Dertusensis Tertia and Tortosa MS 269', Revista española de derecho canonico 39 (1983) 29-31.


Fragmentum Parisiense (see Fragmentum B)


Fragmentum Wigorniense, a decretist commentary written in the wake of Paucapalea's teachings, at Bologna (ca. 1148-59).

MANUSCRIPT: Worcester, Cathed. Q.70, fol. 1-40v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 130-31. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 51-52.


Franciscus de Albano (Franciscus Vercellensis), professor at Avignon, attended the council of Lyon in 1274, as we know though his commentary on its constitutions. His Lectura on the Decretales was used extensively by Johannes Andreae in the composition of his Novelle, but seems to have survived only in minor portions.

TEXTS:1. Commentary on the Constitutions of Lyon II MANUSCRIPTS: St. Omer, Bibl. Munic. 446.

2. Lextura Decretalium MANUSCRIPTS: St. Omer, Bibl. Munic. 446 (covering X 3.2.7 only).

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Zur wissenschaftlichen Bearbeitung der Konstitutionen Gregors X.', QF 53 (1973) 459-67. L. Boyle, 'The date of the commentary of William Duranti on the constitutions of the second council of Lyons', BMCL 4 (1974) 39-47. E. Fournier, Questions d'histoire du droit canonique (Paris 1936) 12-31; R. Naz, 'Francois d'Albano', DDC 5 (1953) 899. Schulte, QL II 157.


G. Coventris episcopus, Magister (see Gérard Pucelle)


Galienus, the otherwise unknown author of a penitential Summa, composed around 1250. His principal sources were the Summae of Raymond of Penyafort and Guillaume Peyrault.

TEXT: Speculum iuniorum MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Corp. Christi 392 and 477, St. John's Coll. 113, fol. 1r-132r; London, Lamb. Palace 485, fol. 121r-227v; Oxford, Bodl. 655 and 767, Laud. lat. misc. 166 and 397, Rawl. A.367, Wood Empt. 22; Ripley Castle, Harrogate; Worcester, Cath. F.38, fol. 216v-270r.

LITERATURE: L. Boyle, 'Three english pastoral summae and a "Magister Galineus",' SG 11 (1967) 133-44.



Gandulphus, a canonist and theologian of the mid-twelfth century. Between 1160 and 1170 Gandulphus wrote the Sententiarum libri quatuor, which was an abbreviation of Peter Lombard's Sentences as well as glosses to Gratian's Decretum. Gandulphus is reputed to have been a teacher of Huguccio.

TEXTS:1. Glosses on Decretum EDITION: R. Weigand, BMCL 7 (1977) 15-48, has published a number of glosses and listed the manuscripts.

2. Sententiarum libri quatuor EDITION: J.von Walter, Magistri Gandulphi Bononiensis Sententiarum libri quatuor (Vienna - Breslau 1924).

LITERATURE: F. Gillmann, 'Die Lehre des Gandulphus über das Ehehindernis der geistlichen Verwandtschaft', AKKR 105 (1925) 242, 480-88. A. Landgraf, 'Drei Trabanten des Magister Gandulphus von Bologna', Collecteanea Franciscana 7 (1937) 357-79. C. Lefebvre, 'Gandulphe', DDC 5 (1953) 933-35. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 88-93. Schulte, QL I 132. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 143-49; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 324, 343-44; idem, 'Gandulphusglossen zum Dekret Gratians', BMCL 7 (1977) 15-48. H. Van de Wouw, Gandulphus von Bologna', LMA 4 (1989) 1105.


Garinus, a decretist who may have taught at Bologna around 1180, is cited once as the author of a 'glosarium' by the anonymous decretist commentary preserved in MS Aschaffenburg Perg. 26, fol. 223rb (cf. Summa Casinensis). The same passage also refers to an unknown 'ma. Radl.', who is said to have written a similar work.

LITERATURE: H. van de Wouw, 'Notes on the Aschaffenburg manuscript Perg.26', BMCL 3 (1973) 100.


Garsias Hispanus (see Johannes Garsias Hispanus).  Peter Linehan has argued that Garsias Hispanus is the canonist's correct name.

Geraldus of Wales (Giraldus Cambrensis), mentions in his autobiography (De rebus a se gestis 2.1) that in 1177 he had taught the Decretum and discussed Causas decretales at Paris. No traces of these activities seem to have survived.

LITERATURE: R. Bartlett, Gerald of Wales, 1146-1223 (Oxford 1982); J. S. Brewer (ed.), Giraldi Cambrensis opera. Rolls Series 21 (London 1861) 1.45-48. S. Kuttner, 'Les débuts de l'école canoniste francaise', SDHI 4 (1938) 201-3; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51); S. Kuttner, 'Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the Schools(London 1983) 34-35; M. Richter, Giraldus Cambrensis', LMA 4 (1989) 420-21.


Gérard Pucelle (Girardus, Gherardus, G. Coventris Episcopis), born c.1115-20 probably in England. Gérard studied and taught theology and possibly law in France. John of Salisbury said Gérard taught 'leges et decreta'. His students included Lucas of Hungary, Walter Map, Ralph Niger, master Richard, and a certain Gervase who retired to Durham. Gérard was connected to the familia of Thomas Becket. He undertook a mission to the Empire in 1165/66 even though Frederick Barbarossa had been excommunicated. In 1168 Gérard returned to England and took the loyalty-oath to King Henry II which had been rejected by Becket. Thereafter, Gérard got the permission of the Pope and King Louis VII of France to reside in Cologne. Cologne was one of the most important centers of canon law learning in the 1160's and 1170's, producing works such as the Summa 'Elegantius in iure diuino'. From c.1174-1183, Gérard served as a principal clerk to Becket's successor, Archbishop Richard. In 1183, he was made Bishop of Coventry, but died only a few months thereafter.

TEXTS: Glosses on the Decretum MANUSCRIPTS: Durham, Cathed. MS C.III.1 marked with the siglum 'Ger.'; in the Summa Lipsiensis marked with the siglum 'Magister G. Coventris Episcopus', and occasionally in the Summa Parisiensis, the Summa antiquitate et tempore, Ecce uicit leo, and the Summa 'Quid sit symonia'.

LITERATURE: J. Fried, 'Gerard Pucelle und Köln', ZRG Kan. Abt. 68 (1982) 125-35. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 26; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth century', Traditio7 (1949-51) 296-303. C. Lefebvre, 'Pucelle, Gerard', DDC 7 (1965) 402-04.


Gerardus Bottonus, a professor of canon law and archpriest of Bologna in 1256.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 174.


Gerardus de Valeto, a Dominican (fl.1267), taught canon law at Bologna.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 174.


Gilbertus (Anglicus), an English canonist who studied and taught at Bologna, at the end of the 12th and beginning of the thirteenth century. He compiled a collection of decretals and wrote glosses to it.

TEXTS:1. Collectio Gilberti, a collection of decretals from the reign of Innocent III as well as pre-Innocentian decretals made obsolete by Compilatio tertia and Compilatio secunda, MANUSCRIPTS: Fulda, Landesbibl. D.14, fol. 2-31 = W1; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.5, fol. 84-132v = W2; Bamberg. Staatsbibl. Can. 18, fol. 44-59v = B1; Can. 20, fol. 55-63 = B2; Brussels, Bibl. Royal 1407-9, fol. 93-148v = Brux.; Durham, Cathed. C.III.3, fol. 75-121 = D; London, Brit. Libr. Harley 3834, fol. 140-201 = H; London, Lambeth Palace 105, fol. 220v-267v = L; Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell'abbazia 46, p. 439-538 = M; Salzburg, Stiftsbibl. St Peter a.IX.18, fol. 118-168 = S; Vercelli, Bibl. Capit. LXXXIX, fol. 1-50r = V; Paris, B.N. lat. 3922A, fol. 228r-334v = R; Sion, Archives du chapitre 118, fol. 102r-156v = Sn; Tortosa, Bibl. del Cabildo 160, fol. 49r-54v = T; Uppsala, Universitätsbibl. C.551, fol. 1-54v = U.

2. Glosse in collectionem Gilberti MANUSCRIPTS: W1, B1, B2, D, and partially in Brux. Note: many of these glosses were copied over onto a Chartres manuscript of Compilatio secunda: Chartres 296, fol. 194-203 (See Kuttner, Repertorium, 349)

LITERATURE: R. von Heckel, 'Die Dekretalensammlung des Gilbertus und Alanus nach den Weingartener Handschriften', ZRG Kan. Abt. 29 (1940) 116-357. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 310-13; idem, 'Notes on a projected corpus of 12th century decretal collections', Traditio 6 (1948) 350; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 318-19, 327-33; idem, 'Notes on manuscripts', Traditio 17 (1961) 534-35; C. Lefebvre, 'Gilbert', DDC 5 (1953) 966-67. Schulte, QL I 84, 188. H. Zapp, 'Gilbertus', LMA 4 (1988) 1450.


Gilles de Fuscarariis (see Egidius de Fuscarariis)

Giovanni (see Johannes)

Giovanni Regina di Napoli (?)

TEXTS: Quaestio

LITERATURE: T. Turley, 'An unnoticed quaestio of Giovanni Regina di Napoli', Archivum Fratrum Praedicatorum 54 (1984) 281-91.


Glossa Cusana, a gloss composition to parts of Gratian's Decretum which occurs in a manuscript in Bernkastel-Kues. The manuscript contains also portions of the Summa 'Animal est substantia', suggesting that this work is somehow related.

EDITION: None.

MANUSCRIPTS: Bernkastel-Kues, Sankt-Nikolaus-Hospital, Cusanus-Stiftsbibl. 223 (second layer).

LITERATURE: A. Stickler, 'Decretista Germanica Adaucta', Traditio 12 (1956) 599; idem, 'Ergänzungen zur Traditionsgeschichte der Dekretistik: I. Zum Apparat "Animal est substantia",' BMCL 1 (1971) 73-75.


Glossa Duacensis, a French decretist apparatus composed before 1210 which betrays certain doctrinal connections with the Summa Bambergensis.

MANUSCRIPT: Douai, Bibl. Munic. 649 (first layer).

LITERATURE: F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 264-69. A. Stickler, 'Die "Glossa Duacensis" zum Dekret Gratians', Speculum iuris et ecclesiarum. Festschrift für W. M. Plöchl zum 60. Geburtstag (Vienna 1967) 385-92.


Glossa Palatina (see Laurentius Hispanus)


Glossae Valentianenses, on Compilatio I, were composed by a French canonist at the beginning of the 13th century.

MANUSCRIPT: Valenciennes, Bibl. Munic. 274.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Pope Lucius III and the bigamous archbishop of Palermo', Medieval studies presented to A. Gwynn, S.J., ed. J. Watt et al. (Dublin 1961) 447 and passim.


Goffredus de Trano (Tranensis), a student of the renowned civilian Azo, Goffredus was professor of Roman law at Naples, until he was appointed auditor of the Roman Rota in 1240. In 1244, Innocent IV, his former fellow student at Bologna, elevated him to the cardinalate. Goffredus died in 1245. Goffredus wrote the first full apparatus on the Decretales Gregorii IX, before 1243. Then, before his death, Goffredus completely rewrote the work as the well known Summa super titulis decretalium. Goffredus also wrote glosses on Novellae of Innocent IV.

TEXTS:1. Apparatus glossarum in Decretales Gregorii IX MANUSCRIPTS: Florence, Bibl. Naz. Princ. ii.i.417 (gloss with text of Liber Extra); Madrid, B.N. lat. 8982 (identification uncertain); Milan, Bibl. Ambros. Z.50, fol. 9r-407 (in the form of a marginal gloss); Montecassino, Biblioteca dell'Abbazia 266 (digital edition by Martin Bertram, gloss without the text); Paris, B.N. lat. 15402 (gloss with text); Seo de Urgel, Bibl. del Cab.2037 (with rich glosses); Venice, Bibl. Marc. lat. VIII.28; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2197.

2. Summa super titulis decretalium MANUSCRIPTS: Arras 253; Avignon 122 (incomplete); Bamberg Staastbibl. Can. 00 [P.II.22]; Can. 48, Can. 00 [P.II.24]; Berlin, SB, fol. 82; Breslau, UB II.F.67 m.; Chartres 284; 367; 368 (2nd work); Darmstadt 341; 680; Douai 560; Erlangen 339; Florence, Bibl. Laur. LXXVII 15; Florence, S. Croce III sin.7; Grenoble, Bibl. Munic. 280 (489); 402 (490); Halle, Ye., fol. 33; Hildesheim, Dombibl. 17; Innsbruck 253; Cologne, Dom. 135; Cologne, Gymnas. 78; Laon 363; Leipzig UB 1000; 1001; 1018; Melk, Stiftsbibl. D.39; Munich, Clm 741; 5300; 5301; 8008; 9549; Olomouc III.20; VI.302; Paris, B.N. lat. 12453; 15411; 15412; 17529; 18224; Prague, UB VII.T.22; Saint-Omer 495; 553; Schottenstift, I.C.6.11; Toulouse B.224; Tours 560; Troyes 456; 809; 1356; 1448; 1746; Vienna, Hofbibl. 2076; 2137; 2208; Wolfenbüttel 1; 14 Aug.f.

3. Glosses on eight constitutions of Innocent IV MANUSCRIPT: Fulda, Landesbibl. D.10; Siena, Private Lib. of Domenico Maffei; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2140.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Der Dekretalenapparat des Goffredus Tranensis', BMCL 1 (1971) 79-83. P. Herde, Beiträge zum päpstlichen Kanzlei- und Urkundenwesen im 13.Jahrhundert (2nd ed. Kallmünz 1967) 21 n.172. P. Kessler, 'Untersuchungen über die Novellen-Gesetzgebung Papst Innocenz' IV', ZRG Kan. Abt. 31 (1942) 214-35; idem, 'Wiener Novellen', SG 11 (1967) 98-99; S. Kuttner, 'Die Konstitutionen des ersten allgemeinen Konzils von Lyon', SDHI 6 (1940) 124-31; idem, 'Canonisti nel Mezzogiorno: Alcuni profili e riflessioni', Scuole, diritoo e società nel Mezzogiorno medievale d'Italia 2, ed. M. Bellomo (Catania 1987) 19-22. Schulte, QL II 88-91. P. Stein, 'The source of the Romano-canonical part of Regiam maiestatem', Scottish Historical Review48 (1969) 107-23. H. Zapp, 'Goffredus de Trano', LMA 4 (1988) 1533-34.


Gratia Aretinus (see Petrus Aretinus), a 13th century canonist from Arezzo who wrote an Ordo iudiciarius after 1234. In a Madrid MS (B.N. 12691, fol. 53ra-60ra), the same work appears under the title of Summa de causis, ascribed to a 'magister Petrus Aretinus'.

TEXTS: Ordo iudiciarius EDITION: F. Bergmann, Pilii, Tancredi, Gratiae, Libri de iudiciorum ordine (Göttingen 1842 reprinted Aalen 1965) 317-384.

LITERATURE: J. Deshusses, 'Gratia Aretinus', DDC 5 (1953) 994. Schulte, QL I 197-98. A. García y García, 'Canonística Hispanica (IV)', BMCL 1 (1973) 72-73; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 95, 349.


Gratian, a monk (?) and canonist working in Bologna (c.1125-40). Little is known of his life. His chief work, the Decretum (Concordia discordantium canonum), was completed c. 1140 and was the culmination of attempts to shape the materials of canon law into a system and provide a basis for its study and application. It became the first standard textbook of the subject in the schools.   A whole new stage in our understanding of Gratian and his work has begun with the publication of Anders Winroth's book (see bibliography below).  Winroth discovered an earlier recension of the Decretum.  Carlos Larrainzar has argued that Sankt Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek 673 contains an even earlier version of Gratian's work.  The full ramifications of Winroth's and Larrainzar's studies have yet to be worked out.

TEXTS: Decretum, formally titled Concordantia discordantium canonum, this was the founding work of the classical period of canon law study. The work was composed by Gratian between  ca. 1120 and 1140 out of approximately 3,800 texts from from patristic writers, conciliar canons and papal letters, as well as other sources which were included in the canonical collections on which he relied. The Decretum adopted the Scholastic 'Sic et non' method pioneered by Peter Abelard, arranging texts on different sides of particular questions and then attempting to resolve the difference in passages written by the author, the dicta. The received work is in three parts. I: 101 Distinctiones; II: 36 Causae subdivided into Quaestiones; and III. de consecratione a work on sacramental matters divided into five Distinctiones. The structure of part II is interrupted in C.33 q.2 by the inclusion of the De penitentia, which is divided into six Distinctiones; this was an interpolation which quickly became accepted into the Decretum text (see Wojtyla).

Gratian relied upon a number of earlier canonical collections as sources for his texts, as Peter Landau has indicated, including certainly the collection of Anselm of Lucca, two collections of Ivo of Chartres (the Tripartita, and the Panormia), the collection of Polycarp, the Collection in three books, and the Liber de misericordia et iustitia of Algers of Lüttich. He may also have used or at least known Ivo's Decretum, the Decretum of Burchard of Worms, Isidore's Etymologiarum, and the Collection in seventy-four titles.

Gratian's methodological antecedents were most importantly the Prologue of Ivo of Chartres and the book by Algers of Lüttich, both of which treat the harmonization of canonical texts.

As has been said, the Decretum which became the accepted text in the Bolognese law-school was not the work which left Gratian's hands. The  De consecratione were likely added to Gratian's original work shortly after its publication. The brief chapter summaries were also quickly added. Furthermore, a number of passages from Roman law were interpolated into the Decretum in the mid-twelfth century along with more than 150 other texts from canonical sources, but these are identified in the manuscripts as 'paleae', a term which was once thought to have derived from the decretist Paucapalea, the putative interpolator. The contemporary view seems to be, however, that the word palea means 'chaff': texts which were winnowed by Gratian but were then added back to his good grain by canonists of the mid-twelfth century.

This modification of Gratian's text could be even more radical. Abbreviations of the Decretum were written during the twelfth and thirteenth century (see Abbreuiatio Decreti); and there were several attempts to reorganize and rework the Decretum, the most important being that of Laborans (See Transformatio Decreti and Laborans).

EDITIONS: The standard "modern"edition is Emil Friedberg, ed. Corpus iuris canonici, vol. 1. (Leipzig 1879 [repr. ed. Graz 1959]) Mainz 1472, Venice 1474 Venice 1479, Nürnberg 1483, Nürnberg 1493

Rome 1582 edition online at the University of California, Los Angeles

MANUSCRIPTS: These lists of manuscripts are based on the work of Titus Lenherr (I.), Rudolf Weigand (II.), and Anthony Melnikas and Hubert Mordek (III.)

Manuscripts of the earlier recensions with the Siglae commonly given to them:

Aa Admont, Stiftsbibliothek 23 et 43. Austria, ca. 1130-1140

Bc Barcelona, Arxiu de la Corona d’Aragó, Santa Maria de Ripoll 78. Italy, ca. 1130-1140

Fd Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Conventi Soppressi A 1.402. Italy, ca. 1130-1140

P Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, nouv. acq. lat. 1761. Italy ca. 1130-1140

Pfr Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, lat. 3884 I-II, fo. 1 (fragmentum).  ca. 1130-1140

Sg Sankt Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek 673 Italy ca. 1130-1140

Decretum Manuscripts known to be of the twelfth century:

Biberach/Riss., Spitalarchiv B 3515

Bremen, Universitätsbibl. a.142

Brindisi, Bibl. Annibale de Leo A.1

Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsbibl. 44

Innsbruck, Universitätsbibl. 90

Köln, Erzbischöfliche Diözesan- und Dombibliothek 127

and     Dombibliothek128

Munich, Staatsbibliothek Clm 4505, 13004, 10244, 17161, 27337 and 28161

Paris, B.N.F. lat. 3884, 3887, 3888, 3890 and 11712

Salzburg, St. Peter's Archabbey a.XI.9 and a.XII.9

Vatican City, Ross. lat. 595

Decretum Manuscripts containing early glosses:

Admont, Stiftsbibl. 48

Arras, Bibl. municip. 500 (592)

Autun, Bibl. Munic. 80a

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 13, Can. 14, Can. 15

Biberbach, Spitalarchiv B 3515

Berlin, Staatsbibl. Phil. 1742

Bernkastel-Kues, Cusanus-Stiftsbibl. 223

Cambridge, Sidney Sussex College 101

Cambridge, Corpus Christi Coll. 10

Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum McClean 135

Cambridge, Gonville and Caius Coll. 6

Cambridge, Pembroke Coll. 162

Cambridge, Univ. Libr. Add. 3447

Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 907

Durham, Cath. C.IV.1

Douai, Bibl. municip. 586, 590, 591

Durham, Cath. C.I.7, C.II.1, C.III.1, C.IV.1

Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 342

Gniezno, Bibl. des Metropolitankap. 28

Graz, Universitätsbibl. III 52, III.69, III 71, III.80

Hereford, Cathedral Libr. P VII 3

Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsbibl. 43, 44

Innsbruck, Universitätsbibl. 90

Jena, Universitätsbibl. El. fol. 56

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. Haenel 18

Lillienfeld, Stiftsbibl. 222

London, Lambeth Palace 449

London, Brit. Libr. Arundel 490

London, Brit. Libr. Add. 24658

London, Brit. Libr. Harley 3256

London, Brit. Libr. Stowe 378

Luxemburg, Bibl. 139

Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell'abbazia 64, 66

Munich, Clm 17161

Madrid, Bibl. Nacional 251

Marburg, Universitätsbibl. 33 (13)

Munich, Clm 4505, 10244, 14024, 27337, 28174, 28175

Napoli, Bibl. Nazionale XII.A.5

New York, Pierpont Morgan Library 446

Olomouc (Olmütz) Statni Archiv C.O. 266

Oxford, Bodleian Library, Douce 218

Oxford, Bodleian Library Lyell 41

Paris, B.N. lat. 3888

Paris, B.N. lat. 3905 B.

Paris, B.N. lat. 14316

Paris, Bibl. Sainte-Genevieve 342

Perugia, Archivio di S. Pietro C.M.4

Pommersfelden, Bibl. des Grafen Schönborn 142

Prague, Bibl. des Metropolitankapitels I 19

Rouen, Bibl. Municip. 707

Saint Florian, Stiftsbibl. III 5

Salzburg, Erzabtei St. Pet. a.XII.9

Stuttgart, Landesbibl. HB VI 63

Toledo, Bibl. del Cabildo 4.5 (ab C.15)

Trier, Stadtbibl. 906 (1141), 907 (2182a)

Trier, Bibl. des Priesterseminars 8

Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2494; 2495; 3529

Vat. Borgh. lat. 287

Vat. Ross. lat. 595

Verona, Bibl. capitolare 184

Vicenza, Bibl. Bertoliana G.15.2.2

Washington, Catholic University 186

Wolfenbüttel, Landesbibl. Helmst 33

St Gall, Stiftsbibliothek 673, fol. 144

Barcelona, Arxiu de la Corona d'Aragon, Ripoll 78, fol. 17r

Köln, Erzbischöfliche Diözesan- und Dombibliothek 127, fol. 194v

 

St  Gall, Stiftsbibliothek 673, p. 109

Köln, Erzbischöfliche Diözesan- und Dombibliothek 129, fol.  163v  Causa 13

Sankt Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek 673, p. 170

Köln, Erzbischöfliche Diözesan- und Dombibliothek 127, fol. 9r

Köln, Erzbischöfliche Diözesan- und Dombibliothek 127, fol. 10r

Comprehensive list of Decretum Manuscripts:

Abbeville, Bibl. Communale 33

Admont, Stiftsbibl. 9, 35, and 48

Allessandria, Bibl. Civica 4

Amiens, Bibl. Munic. 353, 354, and 355

Angers, Bibl. Munic. 371 and 372

Antwerp, Bibl. Musée Plantin-Moretus M.13 (9) and M.74 (30)

Arras, Bibl. Munic. 16 (7), 32 (27), 46 (843), 444 (791), 470 (577), 472 (809), 493 (585), 500 (592), 507 (599) and 921 (263)

Autun, Bibl. Munic. 80 (actually 99), 80a (actually 100)

Avignon, Bibl. de la Ville 659

Avranches, Bibl. de la Ville 148

Baltimore, Walters Art Gallery W.133, W.135 and W.777 (formerly London, A.C. Beatty Coll. MS 46)

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 13, Can. 14, Can. 15 and Can. 16

Barcelona, Archivio de la Corona de Aragón. S. Cugat 8 and R.78

Barcelona, Bibl. de la Univer. 1164

Barcelona, S. Domingo (or S. Catalina), Bibl. y Sacrista 35

Beaune, Bibl. Munic. 5

Berlin (East), Staatsbibl. Phill. 1742

Berlin (West), Staatsbibl. Preussicher Kulturbesitz lat., fol. 1, lat., fol. 2, lat., fol. 3, lat., fol. 4, lat., fol. 6, and lat., fol. 228

Bernkastel-Cues, S. Nicholas Hospital 223 and 224

Biberbach/Riss., Spitalarchiv B 3515

Bloomington Ind., Indiana Univ. Lilly Libr. Ricketts 205

Bologna, Bibl. del Collegio di Spagna Cod. magn. 281

Bonne-Espérance (Belgium), Bibl. du Petit Séminaire, Decretum Gratiani

Boulogne-Sur-Mer, Bibl. 117 and 118

Bratislava, Slovakian State Central Archives 14 (Jur. 46)

Braunschweig, Stadtbibl. IX

Bremen, Universitätsbibl. a.142 and a.150

Brindisi, Bibl. Annibale de Leo A.1

Comprehensive List of Gratian Manuscripts Continued from Opposite Column: 

Bruges, Bibl. publique de la Ville 350

Brussels, Bibl. Royale 5668-69 (2563), 7451 (2564)

Burgos, Bibl. del Cabildo 4

Cambrai, Bibl. Munic. 602, 605, 606, 623, 629, 645, 646 and 967

Cambridge, Gonville and Caius Coll. 6 [James 6], 676 and 681 (288)

Cambridge, Corpus Christi Coll. 10

Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum 183, 262 and McClean 135

Cambridge, Pembroke Coll. 162 and 163

Cambridge, Sidney Sussex Coll. 101

Cambridge, Trinity Coll. O.5.17 (James 1298) and O.10.2 (James 1454) [incomplete]

Cambridge, University Libr. Dd. VII.20 and add. 3447

Cambridge, Mass., Harvard Law School Libr. 64

Cesena, Bibl. Maletestiana II.sin. 1

Cesena, Bibl. Maletestiana (Bibl. Piana) 3.207

Ceské Budjovice, Krajská Knihovna 137 (formerly in the library of the Cistercian monastery, Vyi Brod)

Chambéry, Bibl. de la Ville 13

Charleville, Bibl. Munic. 150 and 269

Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 269

Cheltenham, Thirlestaine House (Phillips Coll.) Former No. 2087

Cividale del Friuli, Museo Archeologico Nazionale 96

Cologne, Bibl. des Metropolitankapitels 127, 128 and 129

Cologny (Geneva), Bibl. Martin Bodmer Decretum Gratiani

Copenhagen, Königliche Bibl. Gl. Kgl. S. 193, fol., S. 194, fol. and Thott 160, fol.

Cordoba, Cabildo de la Catedral 26, 27 and 28 (99)

Cortona, Bibl. Communale e dell'Accademia Etrusca 74

Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 732, 907 and 923 (incomplete)

Dijon, Bibl. Munic. 341

Douai, Bibl. Munic. 585, 586, 587, 588, 589, 590, 591 and 592

Dubrovnik (Ragusa), Libr. of the Dominican Cloister 22

Durham, Cathed. C.I.7, C.I.8, C.II.1, C.III.1, and C.IV.1

Edinburgh, National Libr. of Scotland 3-1-12 and 10-1-12

Einsiedeln, Stiftsbibl. 193

Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 342 and 343

El Escorial, Bibl. Real de San Lorenzo a.IV.26, c.I.2, c.I.3, c.I.4, c.I.5, c.I.7, c.I.8, d.I.8, d.I.10, ç.II.6

Evreux, Bibl. Munic. 106

Ferrara, Museo di Schifanoia Aula Magna, Salone-Parete Est. vetr. 2a. Inc. 4

Florence, Bibl. Laurenz. Acquisti 93 (incomplete)

Florence, S.Croce Isin. 1, Isin.10, IVsin.1, Ed. 96 and 97, Gadd. reliq. 2 (formerly Firenze, Bibl. Naz. Centr., Magliabecch. XXXI.46), Fiesol. 120

Florence, Bibl. Marucelliana A.298

Florence, Bibl. Naz. Centrale Conv. soppr. A.II.376, A.II.403 and Magliabecch. XXXI.22

Frankfurt am Main, Stadtbibl. Barth. 7

Fulda, Landesbibl. D.24

Gdansk, Munic. Libr. 1861 and F. 77

Geneva, Bibl. publique et universitaire 60

Gent, Bibl. commun. et Univ. 20 (286), 55 (287) 648 (671)

Gent, Bibl. der Rijksuniversiteit 3 (671)

Gerona, Bibl. del Seminario 157 VI-IV-I

Gniezno, Bibl. Capit. 27, 28, 38 (incomplete) and 76

Graz, Universitätsbibl. III.52, III.69, III.71 and III.80

Grenoble, Bibl. de la Ville 11 (474), 34 (475) and 62 (482)

Hamburg, Staats- und Universitätsbibl. Cod. jur. 2231

Hannover, Niedersächs. Landesbibl. 282

Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsbibl. 43 and 44

Hereford, Cathed. P.VII.3 and P.IX.2

Innsbruck, Universitätsbibl. 10 and 90

Ivrea, Arch. Capit. 72

Jena, Universitätsbibl. El., fol. 51c and El., fol. 56

Kassel, Landesbibl. und Murhardasche Bibl. 2o Ms. iurid. 65 I (formerly 2o Ms. iurid.14)

Klagenfurt, Bischöfliche Bibl. XXIX. a. 4

Klosterneuberg, Stiftsbibl. 87 and 101

Königsberg (Kaliningrad), Universitätsbibl. 176 (IX)

Kraków, Archivum Kap. Metropol. 88

Kraków, Bibl. Jagiellonska 356 and 357

Kremsmünster, Stiftsbibl. 364 and 369

Laon, Bibl. Communale 372 and 476

Leipzig, Stadtbibl. 242 and 243

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 956, 957, 958, Haenel. 17 and Haenel 18

Leningrad, State Public Libr. lat. F. II vel. 23

Liége, Bibl. de l'Université 127E

Lillienfeld, Stiftsbibl. 222 and 223

Lincoln, Cathedral 137 and 138

London, Brit. Libr. Harleian 3256

London, Brit. Libr. Arundel 490

London, Brit. Libr. Add. 15274-15275, 24642 and 24658

London, Brit. Libr. Stowe 378

London, Brit. Libr. Royal 9.C.III, 9.F.VI, 10.D.VIII, 11.D.II and 11.D.IX

London, A. Chester Beatty Collection 66

London, Lambeth Palace 449

London (Environs of), Hatfield House 322-323

Lons-le-Saunier, Archives départmentales du Jura 14 and 15

Lublin, Cath. Univ. Libr. 1

Lucca, Archivio Arcivescovile 20 (6)

Lucca, Bibl. Capit. 126

Luxemburg, Bibl. 139

Madrid, Bibl. de la Facultad de Ciencias Ploíticas y Económicas, Vol. 1137 Obra 449 Estante 16 Tabula 1 Clasifcación 348.17

Madrid, Bibl. de la Fundación Lázaro Galdiano, 13/11 (451

inv. 15462) (incomplete) and 440 (Inv. 15547) (incomplete)

Madrid, Bibl. Nac. 87 (C.1), 251 (C.2), 12790 (Ee.3), 19148, 19149, Res. 198 Vitr. 21,2

Madrid, Bibl. de la Real Academia de la Historia 6, 7 and 67

Mainz, Stadtbibl. II.73 and II.204

Malibu, Calif., J. P. Getty Museum (formerly Dr. P. Ludwig, Aachen; formerly Dyson Perrins Collection MS 2)

Marburg, Universitätsbibl. 33 (formerly C.1)

Melk, Stiftsbibl. 1 (707), 259 (698), 261 (695)

Metj, Bibl. Munic. 103

Metz, Bibl. Munic. 20 and 21

Milan, Archivio de S. Ambrogio, o. Nr.

Milan, Bibl. Ambrosiana E.44 inf.

Montecassino 64, 65, 66 and 68

Montpellier, Bibl. de la Ville 34

Monza, Bibl. Capit. h-7/157 (T.VIII; Inv. CCXVIII) and k-8/158 (T.IX; Inv. CCIX)

Moulins, Bibl. Munic. 3

Munich, Clm 3893, 4505, 10244, 12690, 13003, 13004,14005, 14024 17161, 18050a, 18096, 23551, 23552, 23553, 23555, 27337, 28159, 28161, 28174 and 28175

Munich, Universitätsbibl. 2o 289

Münster, Universitätsbibl. 601 (263)

Naples, Bibl. Nazion. VI.Aa.17, XII.A.1, XII.A.5, XII.A.9 and XII.A.16

Naples, Bibl Naz. Vindobonensis 31

Nîmes, Bibl. Munic. 67

Nürnberg, Stadtbibl. Cent. I.15, Cent. I.17 (part II only), Cent II.41 and Cent. IV. 94

Olomouc, Kap. Khihovna C.O.266

Olomouc, Statni archiv. C.O.39

Oxford, Bodleian Libr. Bodl. 290 (2441), Douce 218 (incomplete), Hatton 5 (4128) and Lyell 41

Oxford, Magdalen Coll. 216

Oxford, New College 208 and 210

Oxford, Oriel Coll. 14

Oxford, Trinity Coll. 70

Oxford, Univ. Coll. 86

Padua, Bibl. Antoniana II.55 and III.56

Padua, Bibl. Capit. A.23 and B.58

Padua, Bibl. Universitaria 1074

Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal, 677, 683 and 1183

Paris, Bibl. Mazarine 1287, 1288, 1289, 1290 and 1291

Paris, Bib. Nat. lat. 3884 (Tome I-II), 3885, 3886A, 3887, 3888, 3889, 3890, 3893, 3894, 3895, 3896, 3897, 3898, 3903, 3904, 3905, 3905A, 3905B, 3906, 3907, 3908, 6988, 11712, 11713, 14316, 14317, 14318, 14605

15393, 15394, 15395, 16898, 16899, nouv. acq. lat. 1576 and nouv. acq. lat. 2254

Paris, Bibl. de Ste. Geneviève 168, 341 and 342

Paris, Bibl. de l'Univ. 30

Perugia, Bibl. di San Pietro CM 4

Pommersfeld, Bibl. des Grafen Schörnborn 2744 (142), and 2927 (327)

Prague, Archives of the Prague Castle, (Capit. Libr.) Ms. J.1 and Ms J.19, (Nat. Gallery) Ms. XII.A.12

Prague, The National Gallery XVII.A.12

Prague, University Libr. VIII.F.5, XXIII.B.4 (Ms.18 from Cistercian Convent Libr.)

Teplá, Ms. L.1 (from the former Franciscan Libr.)

Princeton, Univ. Libr. Garrett 97

Reims, Bibl. Munic. 676, 677, 678, 679, 680 and 681

Reun (Rain, Rein), Stiftsbibl. 86

Rome, Bibl. Angelica 1270 (T.1.5)

Rome, Bibl. Casanatense 222 (A.I.1) and 465 (A.I.2)

Rome, Bibl. Naz. Ms. 42 of S. Onofrio

Rouen 707 (E.21), 708 (E.1a), 709 (E.25), 723 (E.42)

Saint-Claude, Bibl. Munic. 9

Saint Florian, Stiftsbibl. III.2 and III.5

Saint Mihiel, Bibl. Munic. 5 and 6

Saint-Omer 190, 191, 192, 433, 452, 453, 454 and 476

Saint Paul im Lavanttal, Stiftsbibl. 25.1.1 and 25.2.6

Salamanca, Bibl. de la Universidad Civil 2376

Salisbury, Cathed. 26

Salzburg, Erzabtei St. Pet. a XI 9 and a XII 9

Seo de Urgel, Bibl. del Cabildo 2008 (41) and 2009 (113; 77; 16)

Sevilla, Bibl. Colombina y del Cabildo 82-7

Siena, Bibl. Communale degli Intronati G.V.23, K.I.3, K.I.10

Sigüenza, Bibl. de la Cated. 19 and 34

Sion, Archives du Chapitre Decretum Gratiani

Subiaco, Bibl. dell'Abbazia di S. Scolastica XI and XXXIII

Tarazona, Bibl. de la Cated. 93, 115 and 120

Toledo, Bibl. de la Cated. 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4 and 4.5

Torino, Bibl. Naz. I.I.8 (1338)

I.III.16 (incomplete)

Tortosa, Bibl. de la Cated. 3, 70, 239, 240

Toulouse, Bibl. de la Ville 366 and 367

Toulouse, Private Coll. Decretum Gratiani

Tours, Bibl. Munic. 557, 558, 559 and 560

Trento, Bibl. Communale 3568

Trier, Stadtbibl. 906 (1141), 907 (2182a)

Trier, Bischöflisches Seminar 8

Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 60, 103 and 1421

Valencia, Bibl. de la Cated. 28 (223)

Vatican City, Archivio San Pietro A.24, A.25, A.26 and A.27

Vatican City, Vat. Chigi E.v.131 and E.vii.206, Vat. Ottob. lat. 119 and 3133, Vat. Pal. lat. 621, 622, 623, 624, 625 and 626, Vat. Reg. lat. 977 and 1039, Vat. Ross. lat. 307, 308 and 595, Vat. Urb. lat. 161, Vat. lat. 1365, 1366, 1367, 1368, 1369, 1370, 1371, 1372, 1373, 1374, 1375, 1376, 2491, 2492, 2493, 2494, 2495, 3529, and 4893

Vendôme, Bibl. Munic. 88

Venice, Bibl. Naz. Marciana lat. ant. 173, lat. ant. 174, 175, 177 (lat. cl. IV n.117)

Vercelli, Bibl. Capit. XXV (118)

Verona, Bibl. Capit. CLXXXIV (164)

Vicenza, Bibl. Communale Bertoliana 17 (15.2.2

627)

Vich, Bibl. de la Cated. 135

Vienna, ÖNB 1439, 1758 (incomplete), 2057, 2060, 2061, 2069, 2070, 2082, 2102 and 2246, s.n. 2640

Washington, D.C., Catholic Univ. of America Libr. 186 (incomplete)

Washington D.C., Libr. of Congress Law Libr. D.401 and D.402

Wilhering, Stiftsbibl. 29

Wolfenbüttel, Landesbibl. Helmst. 23 and Helmst. 33

Worcester, Cathed. Chapter Libr. F.120

Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 12 and 31.

OLDER LITERATURE:

M. Bertram, 'Some additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 10-12. S. Chodorow, Christian Political Theory and Church Politics (Berkeley/Los Angeles 1972). P. Classen, 'Das Decretum Gratiani wurde nicht in Ferentino approbiert', BMCL 8 (1978) 38-40. J. Erickson, 'The Collection in three books and Gratian's Decretum', BMCL 2 (1972) 67-75. H. E. Feine, 'Gliederung und Aufbau des Decretum Gratiani', SG 1 (1953) 351-70. G. Fransen, 'La date du Décret de Gratien', RHE 51 (1956) 521-31. A. García y García, 'Nuevos manoscritos del Decreto', Études Gabriel Le Bras (Paris 1965) 126-28. J. Gaudemet, 'La doctrine des sources du droit dans le Décret de Gratien', RDC I (1951) 5-31; idem, 'Das römische Recht in Gratians Dekret', ÖAKR 12 (1961) 177-91. F. Gillmann, 'Paucapelea und Paleae bei Huguccio', AKKR 88 (1908) 466-79; idem, 'Einteilung und System des Gratianischen Dekrets nach den alten Dekretalglossatoren bis Johannes Teutonikus einschließlich', AKKR 106 (1926) 472-574. L. Guizard, 'Les manuscrits du Décret de Gratien de l'Université de Paris', . S. Kuttner, 'Zur Frage der theologischen Vorlagen Gratians', ZRG Kan. Abt. 23 (1934) 243-268; idem, Repertorium 13-58; idem, 'The Father of the Science of Canon Law', Jurist 1 (1941) 1-19; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio1 (1943) 280 n.5; idem, 'Graziano: L'uomo e l'opera', SG 1 (1953) 17-29; idem,'New Studies on the Roman Law in Gratian's Decretum', Jurist: Seminar 11 (1953) 12-50; idem, 'Additional notes on the Roman Law in Gratian's Decretum', Jurist: Seminar 12 (1954) 68-74; idem, 'Some Gratian manuscripts with early glosses', Traditio 17 (1961) 532-36; idem, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the schools of law (London 1983) 8-9; idem, 'Research on Gratian: Acta and Agenda', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-7; Vatican City 1988) 3-26. P. Landau, 'Neue Forschungen zu vorgratianischen Kannonessammlungen und den Quellen des Gratianischen Dekrets', Ius Commune (1984) 1-29; idem, 'Gratian (von Bologna)', TRE 14 (1986) 124-130; idem, 'Quellen und Bedeutung des gratianischen Dekrets', SDHI 52 (1986) 218-35. T. Lenherr, 'Die Summarien zu den Texten des 2. Laterankonzils von 1139 in Gratians Dekret', AKKR 150 (1981) 528-51; idem, 'Arbeiten mit Gratians Dekret', AKKR 151 (1982) 140-66; idem, 'Fehlende "Paleae" als Zeichen eines überlieferungsgeschichtlich jüngeren Datums von Dekret-Handschriften', AKKR, 151 (1982) 495-507. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 3-30. A. Melnikas, The Corpus of Miniatures in the Manuscripts of Decretum Gratiani (SG 16-18; Vatican City 1973-75). C. Mesini, 'Postille sulla biografia del "Magister Gratianus",' Apollinaris 54 (1981) 509-37. H. Mordek, Review of A. Melnikas, The Corpus of Miniatures in Decretum Gratiani vol. 3, ZRG Kan. Abt. 72 (1986) 403-411. J. Noonan, 'Was Gratian approved at Ferentino?', BMCL 6 (1976) 15-27; idem, 'Gratian Slept Here: The Changing Identity of the Father of the Systematic Study of Canon Law', Traditio 35 (1979) 145-72. J. Rambaud, 'Plan et méthode de travail pour la rédaction d'un catalogue des manuscrits de Décret de Gratien', RHE 48 (1953) 213; idem, 'L'étude des manuscrits du Decret de Gratien conservés en France', SG I (1953) 121-146; idem, 'Gratien et le Droit romain. Influence d'Yves de Chartres', RHD 35 (1957) 290-300; idem, 'Les paleae dans le Décret de Gratien', Proceedings Boston (MIC C-1; Vatican City 1971) 23-44. A. Vetulani, 'Über die Distinktioneneinteilung und die Paleae im Dekret Gratians', ZRG Kan. Abt. 22 (1933) 346-70; idem, 'Les manuscrits du décret de Gratien conserves dans les bibliothèques polonaises', RHD 15 (1936) 344-348; idem, 'Gratien et le droit romain', RHD 24-25 (1946-47) 11-48; idem, 'Encore un mot sur le droit romain dans le décret de Gratien', Apollinaris 21 (1948) 129-34; idem, 'Autor du Décret du Gratien', Apollinaris 4 1 (1968) 43-58; R. Weigand, 'Burchardauszüge in Dekrethandschriften und ihre Verwendung bei Rufin und als Paleae im Dekret Gratians', AKKR 158 (1989) 429-451; R. Weigand, 'Frühe Kanonisten und ihre Karriere in der Kirche', ZRG Kan. Abt. 76 (1990) 135-36, 152-55;  K. Wojtyla, 'Le traite de "Penitentia" de Gratien dans l'abégé de Gdansk Mar.F.275', SG 7 (1959) 355-390. H. Zapp, 'Gratian', LMA 4 (1989) 1658.

New literature since Winroth's discovery of an earlier recension:

Enrique De Leon, ‘La biografia di Graziano’, ed. Enrique De Leon and Nicolás Álvarez de las Asturias, La cultura giuridico-canonica medioevale: Premesse per un dialogo ecumenico (Milan 2003) 89- 107.  Grebner, Gundula, ‘Lay patronate in Bologna in the first half of the 12th century: Regular canons, notaries, and the Decretum’ 107. In Europa und seine Regionen: 2000 Jahre Rechtsgeschichte, ed. Andreas Bauer and Karl H. L. Welker (Vienna 2007) 107-122; Regula Gujer,  Concordia Discordantium Codicum Manuscriptorum?: zur Textentwicklung von 18 Handschriften anhand der D.16 des ‘Decretum Gratiani’ (Forschungen zur kirchlichen Rechtsgeschichte und zum Kirchenrecht 23; Cologne 2004); Carlos Larrainzar,  ‘El Decreto de Graciano del Codice Fd (= Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Conventi Soppressi A.I.402): In memoriam Rudolf Weigand’, Ius Ecclesiae 10 (1998) 421-489; Idem ‘El borrador de la Concordia de Graciano: Sankt Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek MS 673 (=Sg)’, Ius Ecclesiae 11 (1999) 593-666; Idem ‘La formacion del Decreto de Graciano por etapas’, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte: Kanonistische Abteilung 87 (2001) 67-83; Idem ‘La ricerca attuale sul Decretum Gratiani’, ed. Enrique De Leon and Nicolás Álvarez de las Asturias, La cultura giuridico-canonicamedioevale: Premesse per un dialogo ecumenico (Milan 2003) 109-122; Idem "La edición crítica del Decreto de Graciano', BMCL 27 (2007) 71-104; Atria Larson, 'The Evolution of Gratian's Tractatus de penitentia', BMCL 26 (2004-2006) 59-123; Idem 'Early Stages of Gratian's Decretum and the Second Lateran Council:  A Reconsideration', BMCL 27 (2007) 21-56; Frederick C. Paxton,  ‘Le cause 13 de Gratien et la composition du Décret’, RDC 51 (2001) 233-249;  Kenneth Pennington, ‘Gratian, Causa 19, and the birth of canonical jurisprudence’, ed. Enrique De Leon and Nicolás Álvarez de las Asturias, La cultura giuridico-canonica medioevale: Premesse per un dialogo ecumenico (Milan 2003) 209-232 and in an expanded version in “Panta rei”: Studi dedicati a Manlio Bellomo, ed. Orazio Condorelli (Roma 2004) 4.339-355; Idem ‘Gratian’ DMA: Supplement (New York 2004) 246-247 (the sentence in this article that refers to Gratian as a theologian was added by the copy editor of the essay); Sommar, Mary E., ‘Gratian’s Causa VII and the Multiple Recension Theories’, BMCL 24 (1999) 78-96; José M.  Viejo-Ximénez,  ‘Concordia y Decretum del maestro Graciano: In memoriam Rudolf Weigand’, Ius canonicum 39 (1999) 333-357; Idem ‘La recepción del derecho romano en el derecho canonico’, Ius Ecclesiae14 (2002) 375-414; Idem ‘El derecho romano 'nuevo' en el Decreto de Graciano’, ZRG Kan. Abt. 88 (2002) 1-19; John Wei, 'A Reconsideration of St. Gall, Stiftsbibliothek 673 (Sg) in Light of the Sources of Distinctions 5-7 of the De penitentia', BMCL 27 (2007) 141-180; Rudolf Weigand,  Die Glossen zum Dekret Gratians: Studien zu den frühen Glossen und Glossenkompositionen (SG 25-26; Rome 1991).  Anders Winroth,  ‘Les deux Gratien et le droit romain’, RDC 48 (1998) 285-299; Idem The Making of Gratian's Decretum (Cambridge 2000); Idem ‘Le manuscrit florentin du Décret de Gratien: Une critique des travaux de Carlos Larrainzar sur Gratien, I’, RDC 51 (2001) 211-231; Idem ‘The Teaching of Law in the Twelfth Century’, ed. Helle Vogt and Mia Münster-Swendsen, Law and Learning in the Middle Ages (Copenhagen 2006), 41-62; Idem ‘Neither free nor slave: Theology and Law in Gratian’s Thoughts on the Definition of Marriage and Unfree Persons', ed. Mary E. Sommar and Wolfgang P. Müller, Medieval Foundations of the Western Legal Tradition: A Tribute to Kenneth Pennington (Washington, D.C. 2006) 97-109; Peter Landau, 'Gratian and the Decretum Gratiani', The History of Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140-1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, edd. W. Hartmann and K. Pennington (History of Medieval Canon Law; Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2008) 22-54.

Gregory VIII (Albertus de Morra Beneventanus) Pope (10/1187-12/1187), a teacher of canon law at Bologna. His teachings on the Decretum seem to have survived in quotations of other canonists only.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, 'Die Dekretalen Gregorius VIII', MIÖG 58 (1950) 113-123; S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 282 n.19; Schulte, QL I 130-31; R. Weigand, 'Gandulphglossen zum Dekret Gratians', BMCL 7 (1977) 39-40; idem, 'Die Glossen', SG 26.III 16.


Gregory IX (Hugolinus of Segni), pope (1227-1241) who commissioned the canonist Raymundus de Peñafort to edit a comprehensive compilation out of the Compilationes antique. Promulgated in 1234, it was called the Decretales Gregorii IX or the Liber Extra. Gregory IX also included therein decretals of his own.

TEXTS: see Decretales Gregorii IX

LITERATURE: H. Dilcher, 'Gregor IX', TRE 14 (1985) 152-55. B. Roberg, Gregor IX.', LMA 4 (1989) 1671-72.


Gregory X, Pope (1271-1276).

TEXTS: see Constitutiones Concilii Lugdunensis secundi

LITERATURE: B. Roberg, 'Gregor X.', LMA 4 (1989) 1672-73.


Gregory (of London?), an English master cited twice in a collection of quaestiones (Londinenses) disputed at an Anglo-Norman school during the 1190's, as well as two other works of the same origin. His identity remains to be established.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 320, 327-28; idem, 'Retractiones VIII', Gratian and the schools of law (London 1983) 34; R. Weigand, 'Gregor (von London?)', LMA 4 (1989) 1683.


Guibert de Bonardo, a Bolognese canonist who during the 1150's wrote glosses on the Decretum. TEXTS: Glosses on Decretum EDITION: R. Weigand (1983) 201-209, has printed some 30 glosses; MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 14605; Bremen, Universitätsbibl. a.142; Mainz, Stadtbibl. II.204.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Romanisierungstendenzen im frühen kanonischen Recht', ZRG Kan. Abt. 69 (1983) 200-49.


Guido, Magister (fl. ca. 1180?), cited as the author of a definition of marriage in a MS of the Decretum at Biberach.

MANUSCRIPT: Biberach, Spitalarchiv B 3515, fol. 268rb.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Die Dekrethandschrift B 3515 des Spitalarchivs Biberach an der Riss', BMCL 2 (1972) 80.


Guido (Brito?) (see Casus ad Compilationem tertiam 'Scribit Dominus papa')


Guido de Collemedio, an administrator of the church of Noyon until he became bishop of Courtrai (1296). Pope Clement V made him archbishop of Salerno in 1306, but he died in the same year. His repertory to Innocent's apparatus decretalium was completed prior to 1296, when he was still at Noyon.

TEXTS: Repertorium super apparatu Innocentii IV MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 3987, lat. 4306, lat. 15424, fol. 113ra-130vb (incomplete); Toledo, Cat. MS 4-16, fol. 66ra-118ra; Valencia, Bibl. Univ. 1155, fol. 330ra-61vb.

LITERATURE: A. Bernal Palacios, 'Repertorios del Commentario de Innocencio IV a las Decretales de Gregorio IX', Escritos del Vedat 17 (1987) 149-52. R. Naz, 'Gui de Collemedio ou de Colle di Mezzo', DDC 5 (1953) 1009; F. Lajard, 'Gui de Colle di Mezzo, canoniste' HLF 25 (1869-98) 280-83; Schulte, QL II 178-79.


Guillaume d'Auvergne, a Parisian professor of theology and later bishop of Paris, composed manuals on penance and confession which oftentimes draw heavily from canonistic material.

TEXTS:1. Tractatus novus de penitentia EDITION: A hybrid version of the text has been printed in G's Opera 2 (Paris - Orléans 1674), where it is fused with various tracts of different origin, cf. P. Glorieux, Miscellanea A. Jansen 551-65; MANUSCRIPTS:

2. De confessione EDITION: Opera 2 (Paris - Orleans 1674) 238b-247a, as part of the hybrid edition of G's Tractatus novus; MANUSCRIPTS: Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 377; Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibl. 205 and 450; London, BM Royal 8 F VII; Malines, Grande Sém. 28; Namur, Mus. archéol. 23; Vatican City, Vat. Reg. lat. 444.

LITERATURE: P. Glorieux, 'Le Tractatus novus de Poenitentia de Guillaume d'Auvergne', Miscellanea A. Jansen (Louvain -Gembloux s.l.) 551-65; P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (XII-XVI siècles) (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 28-30.


Guillelmus de Bar, a canonist of the later twelfth century. Nothing is known about him other than that he was cited by Vincentius Hispanus.

LITERATURE: F. Gillmann, AKKR 113 (1933) 106 n.6. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 12, 33.


Guillelmus de Bonis Consiliis, taught canon law at Bologna from at least 1273-95. .

TEXTS: Quaestiones MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 48; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853; Wroclaw, Univ. II.F.53.

LITERATURE: C. Lefebvre, 'Guillaume de Bonis Consolis', DDC 5 (1953) 1012. Schulte, QL II 163-64.


Guillelmus de Capella, professor of law at Orléans composed, besides numerous civilian works, repetitiones on certain chapters of Liber extra.

TEXT: Repetitiones in X, A. to X 1.38.2 EDITION: by G. Testaud (1908) 205-34 (from MS Paris 4488); MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, BN lat. 4488, fol. 173vb-75va; lat. 14328, fol. 136va. B. to X 2.1.4, MANUSCRIPT: Paris, BN lat. 14328, fol. 138vb.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Kirchenrechtliche Vorlesungen aus Orleans', Francia 2 (1974) 222; G. Testaud, Melanges Fitting I (Montpellier 1908) 205-34.


Guillelmus Durantis the Elder (William Duranti; the Speculator) is the famous author of the Speculum iudiciale, the most widely used procedural treatise of the Middle Ages. He was born near Beziers in Southern France, in 1236. He studied canon law at Bologna under Bernardus Parmensis and later taught at Modena. Pope Clement IV (1265-68) made him auditor generalis of the Rota, which gave him the pratical experience reflected in his chief work. G. attended the Second Council of Lyons in 1274 and later wrote a commentary on the council's constitutions. The peak of his administrative career was reached when he became rector generalis of the papal states in 1278, which he then exchanged for the rectorship of the new French papal provinces (1281-82). Guillelmus became bishop of Mende in 1286. He died at Rome ten years later.

TEXTS (canonical only): 1. Repertorium iuris canonici (1st ed. 1271; 2nd ed. before 1279)

Manuscripts:  Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Clm 13087 (can be downloaded);  Schulte QF 2.152 lists other manuscripts.

EDITIONS: Rome 1474; Venice 1496. Later editions appended the text to the end of the Speculum iudiciale.

2. Speculum iudiciale (1st version 1271-1276; revised 1287-1291) EDITIONS: Frankfurt 1602.

3. Commentary on the Constitutions of Lyons II (ca. 1293/94), EDITION: by S. Maiolo (Fano 1569).

LITERATURE: R. Aubert, 'Guillaume Durant évêque de Mende, dit "le Speculateur" (+1296)', DHGE 22.129-30 (1988) 891-92. M. Bertram, 'Zur wissenschaftlichen Bearbeitung der Konstitutionen Gregors X.', QF 53 (1973) 459-67. L. Boyle, 'The Date of the Commentary of William Duranti on the Constitutions of the Second Council of Lyons', BMCL 4 (1974) 39-47. F. Falletti, 'Guillaume Durand', DDC 5 (1953) 1014-75; V. Le Clercq, HLF 20 (1847) 411-97; Schulte, QL II 144-56.


Guillelmus de Fereriis, a jurist from the school of Orleans, composed, besides many civil law works, a repetitio on a chapter of Liber extra.

TEXT: 1. Repetitio in X (X 3.23.4)

LITERATURE: E. M. Meijers, Études d'histoire de droit III (Leiden 1959) 94.


Guillelmus de Foresta, author of glosses to the Decretum in Bibl. d'Etat de Tréves MS 906. Also, Guillelmus seems to have added glosses to the Summa Decreti of Simon of Bisignano.

TEXTS: Glosses on the Decretum, MANUSCRIPTS: Bibl. d'Etat de Tréves MS 906

LITERATURE: J. Junker, 'Die Summa des Simon von Bisignano und seine Glossen', ZRG Kan. Abt. 15 (1926) 352. C. Lefebvre, 'Guillaume de Foresta', DDC 5 (1953) 1075.


Guillelmus Naso, a pupil of Alanus Anglicus, became professor of canon law at Bologna around 1227. He wrote distinctiones and a commentary on the Decretales Gregorii.

TEXTS:1. Lectura in Decretales MANUSCRIPT: Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2083, fol. 45-71v; Oxford, Bodl. lat. th. b. 4 (selected passages); Monza, Bibl. Capit. k.10/162, fol 95rb-96rb (beginning only).

2. Opuscula MANUSCRIPT: Monte Cassino 136, pp. 209-10, 261.

3. Quaestiones (following the Quaestiones Berolinensis) MANUSCRIPT: Berlin, Staatsbibl. Preus. Kulturbesitz MS lat., fol. 249, fol. 71va-b.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 336 n.36; idem, 'The Glossa ordinaria to the Gregorian Decretals', EHR 60 (1945) 97-105, at 103-05, and Retractiones to this article in, idem, Studies in the history of medieval canon law (Variorum 1990) 19-20; idem, 'Some unrecorded quaestiones', Traditio 13 (1957) 507. G. Oesterlé, 'Guillaume Naso', DDC 5 (1953) 1079; Schulte, QL II 78-80; R. Trifone, 'Gli scritti di Guglielmo Nasone', RSDI 2 (1929) 242-45.


Guillelmus Papiensis, appears as professor of canon law in a Bolognese document of 1233. In 1256, he became bishop of Pavia.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 174.


Guillelmus de Petra lata (Pierrelatte), a monk from the Provence, studied canon law at Bologna since ca. 1292. He became a professor there in 1297, but left the city in the same year, following the call of his monastery.

TEXTS: Quaestiones MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 48; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853.

LITERATURE: C. Lefebvre, 'Guillaume de Petra Lata', DDC 5 (1953) 1080; Schulte, QL II 166-67.


Guillelmus Proredo de Drokeda (see Wiliam of Drogheda)


Guillelmus Redonensis (fl. 1240-45), an otherwise unknown Dominican who wrote an apparatus on the Summa de casibus of Raymundus de Peñafort. His commentary was transmitted alongside Raymond's work in most of the manuscripts and early editions and enjoyed an almost equal authority during the later Middle Ages.

TEXTS: Apparatus on Summa de casibus EDITION: Together with the Summa, ed. Rome 1603, 1715, wrongly attributed to Johannes of Freiburg. MANUSCRIPTS: Alencon, Bibl. Munic. 140; Angers, Bibl. Munic. 219 (separate text); Arras, Bibl. Munic. 122; Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. oct. N.92; Clermont Ferrand, Bibl. Munic. 91; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 523; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.12; Göttingen, Universitätsbibl. C.m.j.163; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1009 and 1014 (separate); Melk, Stiftsbibl. B.78; Munich, Clm 5943, lat. 8219, lat. 8884; Prague, Universitätsbibl. III.F.15; Tours, Bibl. Munic. 368; Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 1710 and 1863; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 1372; Wroclaw, Univ. II.F.111 and 112.

LITERATURE: P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (XII-XVI siècles) (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 40-41; R. Naz, 'Guillaume de Rennes', DDC 5 (1953) 1080. K. Pennington, 'A "consilium" of Johannes Teutonicus', Traditio 26 (1970) 438; Schulte, QL II 413-14; R. Weigand, 'Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio 16 (1961) 562.


Guillelmus Vasco (see Willielmus Vasco)


Gutolf of Heiligenkreuz (fl.1265-93), a Cistercian who is better remembered as a preacher amd grammarian, also composed a treatise on procedure for the use of his fellow monks.

TEXT: Tractatus de ordine iudiciario EDITION: A. Schönbach, SB Vienna 150 (1905) 113-28; MANUSCRIPTS: Lilienfeld, Stiftsbibl. 137, fol. 168v-172; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 1737, fol. 72-90.

LITERATURE: A. Schönbach, 'Über Gutolf von Heiligenkreuz', SB Vienna 150.2 (1905). W. Stelzer, 'Österreichische Kanonisten des 13. Jahrhunderts', ÖAKR 30 (1979) 71-73; idem, 'Gutolf von Heiligenkreuz', Verfasserlexikon 3 (1981) 338-46. idem, Gelehrtes Recht in Österreich. Von den Anfängen bis zum frühen 14. Jh. MIÖG - Erg.Bd. 26 (Vienna 1982) 136-40.


Henricus, appears as a doctor decretorum in a Bolognese questio of 1273.

TEXT: Questio, MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 48; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 162-63.


Henricus de Gandavo, the Parisisan theologian, also wrote a penitential work. He died in 1295.

TEXT: De penitentia

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 418-19.


Henry of Barbeu, a Franciscan who wrote an apparatus to the Summa of Henry of Merseburg, c.1260.

TEXTS: Apparatus in Summam Henrici Merseburgensis, MANUSCRIPTS:

LITERATURE: B. Kurtscheid, 'De studio iuris canonici in Ordine Fratrum Minorum saeculo XIII,' Antonianum 2 (1914) 157-202, at 164-68, 193-97.


Henry of Merseburg, a Franciscan, composed a Summa on the Decretales Gregorii IX (ca.1242).

LITERATURE: B. Kurtscheid, 'Henricus von Merseburg, ein Kanonist des XIII. Jahrhunderts', Franziskanische Studien 1 (1914) 269-90; idem, 'De studio iuris canonici in Ordine Fratrum Minorum saeculo XII', Antonianum 2 (1927) 157-202.


Henry of Susa (Hostiensis), one of the most eminent of the thirteenth-century decretalists who combined his accomplishments as a jurist with an equally successful ecclesiastical career. Born around 1200, he studied law at Bologna in the 1220's, at about the same time when Sinibaldo dei Fieschi, the future pope Innocent IV (1241-54), began his training as a lawyer there. It remains uncertain whether Hostiensis ever taught in Italy. By 1239, he was apparently archdeacon of Paris and may have taught on the Gregorian decretals, whereas other sources relate his long stay in England (1236?-44) as a member of the household of Queen Eleanor. Simultaneously, his relationship to the the papacy grew very close, whence Henry soon served as Pope Innocent's chaplain. He received the bishopric of Sisteron in 1243-1244, and later became archbishop of Embrun (1250-61). The pope repeatedly employed him in diplomatic missions. His efforts were finally rewarded with the cardinalate, which Pope Urban IV bestowed upon him in 1262, in form of the bishopric of Ostia whence he was later called Hostiensis. He participated in the protracted conclave at Viterbo (1268-70), but illness forced him to leave before the final election took place. When he died in the Dominican convent at Lyons (1271), he had just completed the second version of his Lectura on the Decretales Gregorii noni. Among his earlier works, the Summa on the Decretals of Gregory IX, completed ca. 1253, was even more celebrated. Since the early days of printing, this work came to circulate with the epithet aurea (first in ed. Rome 1477). Henry also published a Lectura on the first two collections of Novelle promulgated by Innocent IV (1245/46), to which he added several later decretals (before Sept. 1253).

TEXTS:1. Summa EDITIONS: All incunabula (Hain 8959-8966) as well as the later editions, e.g. Lyons 1537 (repr. Aalen 1962); Venice 1574 (repr. Torino 1963) present the latest stage of the Summa's textual development, which inserted the Quaestio (below n.5) under the title De sententia excommunicationis; MANUSCRIPTS: Earliest version (without Quaestio (see below n.5) being attached or inserted): Munich, Clm 14006; Munich, Clm 15707; Paris, Ste. Geneviève 328. Second version (with Quaestio at the end): cf. the list provided by M. Bertram, BMCL 16 (1986) 96-97. Third version (with Quaestio inserted): Munich, Clm 24.

2. Lectura on the Novellae I-II of Innocent IV EDITIONS: Strasbourg 1512 (after the Lectura on the Decretals of Gregory IX); Paris 1512; Venice 1581 (reprint 1965, much less reliable than Strasbourg and Paris 1512). MANUSCRIPTS: listed by M. Bertram, ZRG Kan. Abt. 75 (1989) 188-189.

3. Lectura on the Decretales Gregorii noni EDITIONS: Lectura sive apparatus domini Hostiensis super quinque libris decretalium (Strasbourg 1512: second recension); Paris 1512, from which is derived Venice 1581 (reprint Torino 1965: second recension; both are less reliable than Strasbourg 1512). MANUSCRIPTS: First recension (ca. 1254-65): Oxford, New College 205, fol. 2r-241r. Second recension: see the list of M. Bertram, ZRG Kan. Abt. 75 (1989) 182-186.

4. Decretum electionis (after 1253) MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 4111, fol. 40r-45v. Andreas Thier and Giulietta Voltolina have located the tract in the following manuscripts:  Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek 2238, fol. 1a-9b; Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, 2209, fol. 50a-54a, col. 1 in pr.; Munich, Clm 9662, fol. 1a-5a, col. 1.  Sankt Florian, Stiftsbibliothek XI.79 fol. 147r-151r

5. Quaestio, written by Hostiensis while he was at the Roman curia, upon a request from the University of Bologna (after 1261). EDITION: K. Pennington, BMCL 16 (1986) 94-96.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Handschriften der Summe Hostiensis mit der "Quaestio" am Ende', BMCL 16 (1986) 96-97; idem, 'Handschriften und Drucke des Dekretalenkommentars (sog. Lectura) des Hostiensis', ZRG Kan. Abt. 75 (1989) 177-201. N. Didier, 'Henri de Suse en Angleterre (1236?-1244)', Studi in onore di Vincenzo Arangio-Ruiz (1953) 333; idem, 'Henri de Suse in évêque de Sisteron (1244-50)', RHD 31 4th series (1953) 409; idem, 'Henri de Suse, prieur d'Antibes, prevôt de Grasse (1235?-1244)', SG 2 (1954). C. Gallagher, Canon law and the Christian community: The role of law in the Summa aurea of Cardinal Hostiensis (Analecta Gregoriana 208; Rome 1978). C. Lefebvre, 'Hostiensis', DDC 5 (1953) 1211-27. K. Pennington, 'A "Quaestio" of Henricus de Segusio and the textual tradition of his "Summa super decretalibus",' BMCL 16 (1986) 91-97; idem, 'An earlier recension of Hostienis's Lectura on the Decretals', BMCL 17 (1987) 77-90; idem, DBI. Schulte QL II 123-29; E. Vodola, 'Hostiensis', DMA 6 (1985) 298-99; A. von Wretschko, 'Ein Traktat des Kardinals Hostiensis mit Glossen betreffend die Abfassung von Wahldekreten bei der Bischofswahl', Deutsche Zeitschrift für Kirchenrecht 17 (1907) 73-88.    Ken Pennington, "Enrico da Susa, detto l'Ostiense (Hostiensis, Henricus de Segusio o Segusia)," Dizionario biografico degli Italiani 42 (Roma: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, 1993) 758-763 and in English "Henricus de Segusio (Hostiensis)", Popes, Canonists, and Texts 1150-1550 (Collected Studies Series 412; Aldershot: Variorum, 1993) article XVIGiuliano Brugnotto, L’"aequitas canonica": Studio e analisi del concetto negli scritti di Enrico da Susa (Cardinal Ostiense) (Tesi gregoriana, Serie diritto canonico 40; Roma : Pontificia università gregoriana, 1999).

Hermannus, a name attributed to the canonist Cardinalis by Rudolf Weigand who now agrees with André Gouron that Cardinalis was Raymond des Arènes (see Cardinalis).


Hoc dicit quod spiritus sanctus, the opening words of an anonymous apparatus on the Constitutions of Lyons II, completed most likely at the Roman curia, before the end of 1275.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, BN lat. 14328, fol. 1ra-8vb.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Zur wissenschaftlichen Bearbeitung der Konstitutionen Gregors X.', QF 53 (1973) 459-67; idem, Francia 2 (1974) 216; L. Boyle, 'The Date of the Commentary of William Duranti on the Constitutions of the Second Council of Lyons', BMCL 4 (1974) 39-47; E. Fournier, Questions d'histoire du droit canonique (Paris 1936) 9-12.



Honorius III, Pope (1216-1226), commissioned Tancred, then the leading canonist at Bologna, to compile a collection of his decretals. This became the Compilatio quinta, the last of the Compilationes antiquae. Known especially for the decretal Super speculam, which restricted the study of Roman law among clerics. Like a number of very long decretals, Super speculam circulated as a separate text.

TEXTS:1. See Compilatio quinta

2. Super Speculam MANUSCRIPTS: A. appended to Compilatio quarta: Rouen 706, fol. 298v; Cordoba 10, fol. 305va-306va; Beaune 19, fol. 295v (shortened); Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19, fol. 77va-78vb (shortened); Florenze, Laurenz. S. Croce V sin.4 (shortened); Paris, B.N. lat. 14321, fol. 241; B. appended to Compilatio tertia: Lisbon, Alcob. 381, fol. 224 (shortened); C. appended to the Constitutiones concilii Lateranensis quarti: Vienna, ÖNB 2183, fol. 106-108 (5 Comp. 5.2.1, X 5.5.5, X 3.50.10, and X 5.33.28)

LITERATURE: L. Boyle, 'The Compilatio quinta and the registers of Honorius III', BMCL 8 (1978) 9-19. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 382; idem, 'Papst Honorius III und das Studium des Zivilrechts', Festschrift für Martin Wolf (Tübingen 1951) 79-101; idem, 'Retractationes X', Gratian and the Schools of law 1140-1234 (London 1983) 43-47. E. Pitz, Papstreskript und Kaiserreskript im Mittelalter (Bibl. des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom 36; Tübingen 1971) 171-91. W. Ullmann, 'Honorius III and the prohibition of legal studies', Juridical Review 60 (1948) 177-86.


Honorius, Magister, may be the Honorius who received a benefice at Willesborough through a letter of Lucius III in 1184 or 1185. Honorius probably spent the years 1185-95 at Paris studying and perhaps teaching law, although he did witness a charter in England in 1192. H. wrote the Summa 'De iure canonico tractaturus' at Paris very close to 1188 and the Summa quaestionum soon therafter. From 1195, Honorius was in the service of the Archbishop of York. H. also served the King in the dispute over the election of Hubert Walter's successor as Archbishop of Canterbury. Honorius was imprisoned in 1208 for unknown reasons and not, as had been thought, for failure to pay 300 marks owed to the crown for letters of protection. He died in prison by 1213.

TEXTS:1. Summa 'De iure canonico tractaturus'

MANUSCRIPT: Laon, Bibl. de la Ville 371, fol. 83r-170v.

EDITION: Weigand, Rudolf, Landau, Peter, and Kozur, Waltraud, adlaborantibus Stefan Häring, Karin Miethaner-Vent, and Martin Petzolt. Magistri Honorii Summa ‘De iure canonico tractaturus, 1. Monumenta iuris canonici, Series A, 5. 3 volumes Citt del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 2004-2010.

2. Summa decretalium quaestionum EDITION: Portions of this work bearing on marriage doctrine (i.e the third and final part) have been edited and published by Benno Grimm, Die Ehelehre des Magister Honorius: Ein Beitrag zur Ehelehre der anglo-normannischen Schule, SG 24 (1989) 231-387. Grimm has used all the manuscripts except Königsberg, which is still lost; MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 45, fol. 23-39; Douai, Bibl. de la Ville 640, fol. 1-42a; Königsberg, Universitätsbibl. 21, fol. 44-75; Laon, Bibl. de la Ville 371(bis), fol. 171-176v; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 984, fol. 90-110; Paris, B.N. lat. 14591, fol. 50-83ra; Zwettl 162, fol. 179-213.

LITERATURE: B. Grimm, Die Ehelehre des Magister Honorius: Ein Beitrag zur Ehelehre der anglo-normannischen Schule, SG 24 (1989). S. Kuttner, and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949-51) 304-310; S. Kuttner, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools (London 1983) 31. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I(Munich 1963) 189-97; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 201-203; idem, 'Bemerkungen über die Schriften und Lehren des Magister Honorius', Proceedings Salamanca (MIC C-6; Vatican City 1980) 195-212: excerpts from both Summae 206-212.


Hostiensis (see Henry of Susa)


Hubaldus, Magister, this cardinal priest of SS. John and Paul (c.1149) was once identified with the twelfth century canonist Cardinalis by Rudolf Weigand. But this has recently been disproven and he has agreed with Gouron that Cardinalis was Raymond des Arènes (see Cardinalis).


Huguccio (Hugo, Uguccione; not to be confused with the grammarian, Huguccio of Pisa), fl. 1180-1210, Bolognese decretist and author of one of the most influential Summae on Gratian's Decretum (ca. 1188-1190). The first signs of his teaching appear in decretist commentaries and glosses of the 1180's, such as the apparatus Ordinaturus Magister(1180-1190) and the Summa Casinensis. There are strong indications that Huguccio completed the work in intermittent stages, putting off the writing of the sections on Causa 1 (stage II), De consecratione (stage III), and De penitentia (stage IV), until he had finished the rest (stage I). On 1 May, 1190, Huguccio became bishop of Ferrara, whereupon he seems to have abandoned the completion of his commentary, leaving the portion on C.23 q.4 c.34 - C.26 (stage V) unfinished. Huguccio died after 'twenty years less one day' in office, on 30 April 1210.

Prior to composing his great Summa, Huguccio had composed a minor exegetical treatise on the Apostolic Creed (Expositio de symbolo apostolorum), as well as a work containing etymological explanations on the names of saints, called Hagiographia. Both texts reveal Huguccio's great interest in etymologies. This may suggest his identity with the Bolognese grammarian Huguccio of Pisa, who during the 1160's wrote the Derivationes, a widely used and comprehensive Latin etymological dictionary. The lexicographer also produced minor grammatical writings, which most likely included a Summa artis grammatice. The title and contents of this Summa, as well as some of the sources used by the Derivationes, point towards a strong French intellectual background of the grammarian Huguccio and a close acquaintance with the writings of French teachers such as William of Conches, Petrus Helias, and Robert of Paris (in the 1150's ?). These chronological and other considerations speak against an identification of the canonist with the grammarian.

TEXTS:

1. Summa decretorum (1188-90)

MANUSCRIPTS: A) Complete: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 7, fol. 2ra-324ra, 335ra-500rb (De pen. ends at D.5 c.1 s.v. fructus); Florence, Bibl. Laurenziana Fesul. 125, fol. 1ra-388v (Fesul. 125 includes the Prologue to C.13 q.2 c.12) and Fesul. 126, fol. 1ra-109rb, 127ra-369va; Florence, Bibl. Laurenziana Plut. I sin.4, fol. 1r-283v, 295r-417r; Lons-Le-Saunier, Archive Dep. 12 F.16, fol. 2ra-313ra, 325rb-483vb; Madrid, Bibl. Nac. lat. 11962, fol. 2ra-231r, 250r-369vb; Paris, B.N. lat. 3892, fol. 1ra-272ra, 281va-400vb; Tarazona, Cath. 151 (3); Vatican City, Bibl. Apost. lat. 2280, fol. 1ra-248rb, 256ra-370vb; Verona, Archivio Capitolare CXCIV. B. Incomplete: i. one stage only: Calahorra, Cath. 8 (stage I); Klosterneuberg, Stiftsbibl. 295, fol. 110r-238v (stage III); Luxemburg, Bibl. Munic. 144, fol. 1ra-147va, 160ra-329rb, 342ra-423vb (stage I); Munich, Clm 10247, fol. 1ra-280ra (stage I); Salamanca, Univ. 1930 (Stage I, beginning at C.2); Vatican City, Archivio S. Pietro C.114 (stage I, breaks at ending at C.35 q.8 c.1). ii. two stages: Fulda, Landesbibl. D.22, fol. 3r-291r (stages I and II); Paris, B.N. lat. 3891, fol. 1r-320v (stages I and III). iii. three stages: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 40, fol. 1ra-279vb (stages I, II and III); Can.41, fol. 1r-125v, 135r-309r, 325r-477v (stages I, III and IV); Klagenfurt, Bischöfl. Bibl. XXIX a.3, fol. 1ra-313vb (stages I, II and III); Klosterneuberg, Stifstbibl. 89, fol. 1r-386v (stages I, II and III); Lincoln, Cathedral Chapter 2, fol. 2r-307r (stages I [prologue and D.1-101 only], III and IV); Paris, B.N. lat. 15396-97, fol. 2ra-99vb, 108ra-191vb (MS lat. 15396 ending after C.13), fol. 3ra-46vb, 59ra-171va (stages I, III and IV). iv. four stages: Cambrai, Bibl. Municip. 612 (stages I-IV); Leningrad, Public Libr. lat. fol. II vel. 10 (stages I-IV); Rouen, Bibl. Munic. 749 (stages I, II, IV, V); Tarazona, Cath. 97 (stages I-IV); Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. lat. 272, fol. 1r-143r, 154r-232r (stages I-IV). v. fragments: Assisi, Bibl. Commun. 213 (portion I, ending at C.17 q.2 c.1); Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 42, fol. 1ra-8vb (C.27 - C.27 q.2 c.21); Barcelona, Univ. Libr. 504 (portions I [D.1 c.4 - C.16 q.1] and II); Bernkastel-Kues, Sankt-Nikolaus-Hospital, Cusanus-Stiftsbibl. 228, fol. 45ra-110vb (portions I [C.2 - C.2 q.3 p.c.8 only], II [begins C.1 q.1 c.1], IV [De pen. D.1 c.13 -D.7 c.6]; Cambridge, Pembroke Coll. 72, fol. 116r-159v (portion I, ending at D.54 p.c.21); Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 985, fol. 9r-233v (portion I, C.2-22 only); Marburg, Universitätsbibl. 83, fol., fol.105r-246v (portion I, ending at C.11 q.3 c.62); Munich, Clm 28193, fol. 126v (fragment of prologue only); Paris, B.N. lat. 3918, fol. 1r-54vb (D.1 - D.50 c.17, C.2 - C.6 q.1 c.22, C.16 q.3 c.4 -C.22); Parma, Bibl. Pal. 1222 (portion I, ending at C.15 q.8); Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2491, fol. 1ra-36va (portion I, ends at D.25 p.c.3; marginal gloss); Vienna, Nat. Bibl. 2061, fol. 1ra-172vb (C.2 - C.11 q.1 c.39; intercapitular gloss); Volterra, Bibl. Guarn. 6370, fol. 1r-100r (portion I, D.1 - D.21 c.2, C.2 q.7 c.41 - C.3 q.7 c.18, C.27-36); Worcester, Cath. Libr. F.12 (portions I [beginning at C.11 q.3 c.97], III-IV).

EDITION: Summa decretorum, 1: Distinctiones I-XX, ed. Oldřich Přerovský. Monumenta iuris canonici, Series A, 6. Citt del Vaticano: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 2006.

2. Agiographia (before 1190) EDITION: G. Cremascoli, Uguccione da Pisa: Liber de dubio accentu. Agiographia. Expositio de symbolo apostolorum (Biblioteca degli Studi Medievali 10; Spoleto 1978) 137-74 (on the basis of the two known manuscripts: Paris, B.N. lat. 14877, fol. 124r-129v, and Venice, Bibil. Marc. XIII.16, fol. 197v-199r: cf. W. P. Müller, Viator 22 [1991] 140-48).

3. Expositio de symbolo apostolorum (before 1190) EDITION: N. M. Häring,'Zwei Kommentare von Huguccio, Bischof von Ferrara', SG 19 (1976) 365-98. G. Cremascoli, Uguccione da Pisa 227-55. Both editions have used the two extant manuscripts, Bologna, Univ. Libr. 2633, fol. 1r-4v and Vatican City, Vat. lat. 819, fol. 184r-189r. Cremascoli further collated the editio princepsby C. G. Trombelli, Bedae et Claudii Taurinensis itemque aliorum veterum patrum opuscula(Bologna 1755) 207-223.

4. Expositio dominice orationis (?) EDITION: N. M Häring, 'Zwei Kommentare' 398-416. The treatise is appended to the Expositio de symbolo apostolorum in MS Vatican City, Vat. lat. 819, fol. 198r-201v, whence Häring concluded that it was also a Huguccionian work. The attribution remains very doubtful.

5. Derivationes (ca.1161, W. P. Müller has proven that Huguccio did not write this tract; a certain Huguccio of Pisa did)

MANUSCRIPTS: Cf. A. Marigo, I codici manoscritti delle 'Derivationes' di Uguccione Pisano(Rome 1936) XIII-XIV and 1-29. G. L. Bursill-Hall, A Census of Medieval Latin Grammatical Manuscripts (Stuttgart 1981) passim.

EDITION: (Prologue only): A. Marigo, 'De Huguccionis Pisani Derivationum latinitate earumque prologo', Archivum Romanicum 11 (1927) 101-106; Derivationes, ed. Enzo Cecchini e di Guido Arbizzoni. 2 volumes. Edizione nazionale dei testi mediolatini 11. Serie 1.6 Tavarnuzze (Firenze): SISMEL edizioni del Galluzzo, 2004.

6. De dubio accentu (before 1161, by the author of the Derivationes), EDITION: G. Cremascoli, Uguccione da Pisa 65-87; MANUSCRIPTS: To Cremascoli's 11 manuscripts, add the four copies indicated by O. Limone, 'Il "Liber de dubio accentu" (Cod. Ambr. E 12 inf.) falsamente attribuito ad Uguccione da Pisa", Studi Medievali 25 (1984) 320 n.18.

7. Rosarium (before 1161, by the author of the Derivationes) EDITION: none; MANUSCRIPTS: G. L. Bursill-Hall, A Census 349.

8. Summa artis grammatice (ca. 1160-70, probably by the author of the Derivationes) EDITION: none; MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 18908, fol. 1-32.

LITERATURE: G. Catalano, 'Contributo alla biografia di Uguccione Pisano', Il diritto ecclesiastico65 (1954) 3-67. F. Gastaldelli, 'Le Sententiae di Pietro Lombardo e l'Epositio de symbolo apostolorum di Uguccione da Pisa', Salesianum 39 (1977) 318-21. F. Gillmann, 'Die Abfassungszeit der Dekretsumme Huguccios', AKKR 94 (1914) 233-51. H. Kneepkens, Het Iudicium Constructionis. Het leerstuck van de constructio in de 2de helft van de 12de eeuw (Nijmegen 1987) 1:139-43. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 151-55; idem, Traditio 11 (1955) 441-444. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 114-25; C. Leonardi, 'La vita e l'opera di Uguccione da Pisa decretista', Studia Gratiana 4 (1956) 39-120. W.P. Müller, 'Huguccio of Pisa: Canonist, Bishop, and Grammarian?', Viator 22 (1991) 121-52. L. Prosdocimi, 'La "Summa Decretorum" di Uguccione da Pisa: Studi preliminari per una edizione critica', SG 3 (1955) 349-74; idem, 'I manoscritti della "Summa Decretorum" di Uguccione da Pisa', SG 7 (1959) 251-72; A. Stickler, 'Uguccio de Pise', DDC 7 (1965) 1356-62; idem, 'Huguccio (Hugh) of Pisa', NCE 5 (1967) 200-201. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 203-18; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus(Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 215-223; K. Pennington, 'Huguccio', LMA 5 (1990) 181-82;  Wolfgang Peter Müller, Huguccio: The Life, Works, and Thought of a Twelfth-Century Jurist. Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Canon Law, 3. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 1994. Wolfgang Peter Müller, 'The Summa decretorum of Huguccio,' The History of Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140-1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX. History of Medieval Canon Law; Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2008: 142-160.


Huguccio Vercellensis (da Borromei), born at Vercelli, Huguccio was a canon of St. Peter at Bologna and taught canon law and perhaps also Roman law there during the 1280's. He later became a papal auditor and finally bishop of Novara in 1304. Four quaestiones survive from his days as a teacher. Huguccio died in 1328.

TEXTS: Quaestiones EDITION: Four quaestiones have been edited by Briacca, pp. 71-84; MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 48, fol. 240v-241r; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853, fol. 165v-166r.

LITERATURE: P. Bartolini, 'Borromeo, Uguccione', DBI 13 (1971) 66-71. G. Briacca, 'Le "questiones disputatae" di Uguccione Borromei', BMCL 7 (1977) 65-84. R. Naz, 'Huguccio (Borromeo)', DDC 5 (1953) 1228. Schulte, QL II 163.

In primis hominibus fuit coniugium, (see under Marriage tract:)
 
 
In quibusdam libris, a gloss apparatus on Compilatio I.

AUTHOR: unknown (from the school of Petrus Brito?).

DATE/PLACE: France, ca.1205-10.

EDITION: None.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 15398, fol. 204-279;

LITERATURE: G. Dolezalek, 'Another fragment of the Apparatus 'Militant siqiudem patroni' BMCL 5 (1975) 131 n.5, 132 n.13. S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 317 n.54. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici nel pensiero canonistico classico (Milan 1971) 278-280. R. Weigand, 'Neue Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio 21 (1965) 489 n.33; idem, 'Glossenapparat zur Compilatio prima aus der Schule des Petrus Brito in St. Omer 107', Traditio 26 (1970) 449-57.
 
 
 
 
 
 

Innocent III, Pope (1198-1216) Lothario di Segni (born c.1161), Pope who exerted a great influence on the development of the medieval papacy and the canon law. Once reputed to have been a lawyer taught by the great canonist Huguccio, the work of Pennington and others strongly suggests that, whatever his legal talents, Innocent III was not a university-trained jurist by the standards of the time. Innocent studied theology in Paris and probably studied law for a short time at Bologna.

Innocent had a celestial image of the papacy as the intermediary between God and man. This image is best understood as theological rather than juristic, nevertheless, in the language of Innocent's sermons and decretal letters, he established the language and arguments with which jurists discussed the power and role of the papacy for more than a century.

Innocent III also effected important changes in the administration of the Church. The curia was greatly expanded during his pontificate, and the papacy began to gain control over the translation, deposition and renunciation of bishops and the collation of ecclesiastical benefices. Even though Innocent asserted, in the decretal Quanto personam, that the translation of a bishop was such a serious and extraordinary matter that it required divine authority, he translated many more bishops than any previous pope. Innocent asserted more control over prebends and, in the Fourth Lateran Council constitution De multa, the power of bishops to dispense from the prohibitions against pluralism was curtailed.

Innocent also asserted and defined (broadly) papal power to interfere in secular affairs in a series of decretals, Licet, Novit, Solet, Venerabilem, and Per Venerabilem.

Innocent's decretals, which effected tremendous changes in many areas of canon law, were collected by several canonists; Petrus Beneventanus's Compilatio tertia which Innocent himself authenticated for the law school at Bologna, and Johannes Teutonicus's Compilatio quarta were the most important.

TEXTS: See Alanus (Compilatio Alani), Bernardus Compostellanus antiquus (Compilatio Romana), Gilbertus (Compilatio Gilberti), Rainier of Pomposa (Collectio Ranierii), Compilatio tertia, and Compilatio quarta.   The papal registers listed under literature immediately below.

LITERATURE: L. Buisson, 'Exempla und Tradition bei Innocenz III', Adel und Kirche: Gerd Tellenbach zum 65.Geburtstag ... (Freiburg/Basel/Vienna 1968) 458-76. C. Cheney, Innocent III and England (Päpste and Papsttum 9; Stuttgart 1976); idem and W.H. Semple edd. Selected letters of Pope Innocent III concerning England (London 1953). C. Cheney and M. Cheney, The letters of Pope Innocent III (1198-1216) Concerning England (Oxford 1967). O. Hageneder, 'Über das Priuilegium Fori bei Innocenz III.', Collectanea Stephan Kuttner I (SG 11 1967) 447-60; idem, 'Mandatum und Praeceptum im politischen Handeln Papst Innocenz' III.', Proceedings Berkeley(MIC C,7; Vatican City 1985) 377-90. W. Imkamp, Das Kirchenbild Innocenz III (1198-1216)(Päpste und Papsttum 22: Stuttgart 1983). Innocent III, Opera Omnia, ed. J.P. Migne, PL 214-217.

Die Register Innocenz' III, 1. Pontifikatsjahr 1198/99, O. Hageneder, A. Haidacher edd. (Publikationen der Abteilung für Historische Studien des Österreichischen Kulturinstituts in Rom, II. Abteilung, I. Reihe, Band 1; Graz/Köln/Vienna 1964);

Die Register Innocenz' III, 2. Pontifiktsjahr 1199-1200, O. Hageneder, W. Maleczek and A. Strand, edd. (Publikationen der Abteilung für Historische Studien des Österreichischen Kulturinstituts in Rom, II. Abteilung, I. Reihe, Band 2; Graz/Köln/Vienna 1979).

Innocent III, Pope. Die Register Innocenz' III. 5: 5. Pontifikatsjahr, 1202/1203, Texte. Ed. Othmar Hageneder, with the collaboration of Christoph Egger, Karl Rudolf, and Andrea Sommerlechner (Publikationen des Historischen Instituts beim Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1993).

Innocent III, Pope. Die Register Innocenz' III. 5: 5. Pontifikatsjahr, 1202/1203, Indices. Ed. Andrea Sommerlechner with Christoph Egger and Herwig Weigl (Publikationen des Historischen Instituts beim Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1994).

Innocent III, Pope. Die Register Innocenz' III. 6: 6. Pontifikatsjahr, 1202/1203, Texte und Indices. Ed. Othmar Hageneder, John C. Moore and Andrea Sommerlechner, with the collaboration of Christoph Egger and Herwig Weigl (Publikationen des Historischen Instituts beim Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1995).

Innocent III, Pope. Die Register Innocenz' III. 7: 7. Pontifikatsjahr, 1204/1205, Texte und Indices. Ed. Othmar Hageneder, Andrea Sommerlechner, with the collaboration of Christoph Egger and Rainer Murauer (Publikationen des Historischen Instituts beim Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1997).

Innocent III, Pope. Die Register Innocenz' III. 8: 8. Pontifikatsjahr, 1205/1206, Texte und Indices. Ed. Othmar Hageneder, Andrea Sommerlechner, with the collaboration of Christoph Egger and Rainer Murauer. Publikationen des Historischen Instituts beim Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2001.

F. Kempf, Die Register Innocenz III: Eine paläographisch- diplomatische Untersuchung(MHP 9; Rome 1945); idem, Papsttum und Kaisertum bei Innocenz III (MHP 19; Rome 1954); idem, 'Innocenz III. und der deutschen Thronstreit', AHP 23 (1985) 68-91. S. Kuttner, 'Universal pope or the servant of God's servants: The canonists, papal titles, and Innocent III', RDC 31 (1981) 110-49. P. Landau, 'Papst Innocenz III. in der richterlichen Praxis. Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Kooperationsmaxime', Festschrift für Rudolf Wasserman (Darmstadt: 1985) 727-33. M. Laufs, Politik und Recht bei Innocenz III (Kölner Historische Abhandlungen 26; Köln/Vienna 1980). M. Maccarone, Chiesa e Stato nella Dottrina di Papa Innocenzo III (Lateranum, Nova series An. VI nn.3-4; Rome 1940); idem, Studi su Innocenzo III (Rome 1972). W. Malaczek, Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216 (Publikationen des Historischen Instituts beim Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom, I. Abteilung, Abhandlungen 6; Vienna 1984); idem, 'Innocenz III.', LMA 4 (1989) 434-37. John C. Moore, 'Peter of Lucedo (Cistercian Patriarch of Antioch) and Pope Innocent III', RHM 29 (1987) 221-49. K. Pennington, 'The legal education of Pope Innocent III', BMCL 4 (1974) 70-77; idem, 'Pope Innocent III's views on Church and State: A gloss to "Per venerabilem",' Law, church and society: Essays in honor of Stephan Kuttner (The Middle Ages; Philadelphia 1977) 46-67; idem, '"Cum causam que": a decretal of Pope Innocent III', BMCL 7 (1977) 100-03; idem, Pope and bishops: The papal monarchy in the thirteenth century (The Middle Ages; Philadelphia 1984); idem, Review of W. Imkamp, Das Kirchenbild Innocenz' III. (1198-1216), ZRG Kan. Abt. 72 (1986) 417-28. J. Michael Rainer, 'Innocenz III. und das römische Recht', RHM 25 (1983) 15-33. K. Schatz, 'Papsttum und Partikularkirchliche Gewalt bei Innocenz III. (1198-1216)', AHP 8 (1970) 61-111. B. Tierney, '"Tria quippe distinguit iudicia..." A note on Innocent III's decretal Per venerabilem', Speculum 38 (1962) 48-59. H. Tillmann, Papst Innocenz III (Bonn 1954) [English trans. by Walter Sax, Pope Innocent III (Europe in the Middle Ages Selected Studies 12; Amsterdam-New York-Oxford 1980)]. J. Watt, 'The theory of the papal monarchy in the thirteenth century: The contribution of the canonists', Traditio 20 (1964) 179-318 [republished as a monograph: New York 1965]. Brigitte Meduna,  Studien zum Formular der päpstlichen Justizbriefe von Alexander III. bis Innocenz III. (1159-1216): Die non obstantibus-Formel (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Klasse, Sitzungsberichte 536. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1989).  Friedrich Kempf,  'Innocenz III. und der deutsche Thronstreit', Archivum historiae pontificiae 23 (1985) 63-91.  John C. Moore,  'Lotario Dei Conti di Segni (Pope Innocent III) in the 1180's', Archivum Historiae Pontificiae 29 (1991) 255-258. John C. Moore,  'The Sermons of Pope Innocent III', Römische Historiche Mitteilungen 36 (1994) 81-142.   Christoph Eggers,   'Dignitas und Miseria. Überlegungen zu Menschenbild und Selbstverständnis papst Innocenz’ III.' Mitteilungen des Institus für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung. 105 (1997) 330-45. Christoph  Eggers,  'Papst Innocenz III. Als Theologe: Beiträge zur Kenntnis seines Denkens im Rahmen der Frühscholastik,' Archivium Historiae Pontificiae 30, (1992) 56-123. Christoph Eggers,  'Papst Innocenz III. Und die veronica. Geschichte, theologie, liturgie und seelsorge', The Holy Face and the paradox of Representation. Papers from a Colloquium Held at the Bibliotheca Hertziana, Rome and the Villa Spelman, Florence, 1996. 6 (1996 [?]). 181-203.  Jane E. Sayers,  Innocent III: Leader of Europe 1198-1216 (The Medieval World. London-New York: Longman, 1993).   Edward Peters, 'Lotario dei Conti di Segni becomes Pope Innocent III: The Man and the Pope',  Pope Innocent II and His World. Ed John C. Moore. (Ashgate, 1999) 3-24.  Frenz, Thomas, editor. Papst Innozenz III.: Weichensteller der Geschichte Europas: Interdisziplinäre Ringvorlesung an der Universität Passau 5.11.1997 - 26.5.1998 (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2000).
 
 
 
 

Innocent IV, Pope (1243-54) (Sinibaldus Fieschi, Fliscus), born in Genoa before 1200. Innocent studied law Parma and perhaps at Bologna   Some accounts say that, early in his career, Innocent taught law in Bologna, but there is not evidence. He worked as a jurist at the papal curia from 1226 and was for some time the auditor of the court of audientia litterarum contradictarum. I. was made a cardinal by Pope Gregory IX in 1227. He was elected Pope in 1243 after a long, rancorous vacancy following the brief pontificate of Celestine IV (1241). Innocent IV died on December 7, 1254 in Naples.

Innocent IV's pontificate was notable for three things: a decisive struggle with the Emperor Frederick II, the Pope's extended absence from Rome, and for his contributions to the canon law. Innocent presided over the first general council of Lyon, in which the pope deposed Frederick II in absentia, and in which a number of important canons reforming aspects of ecclesiastical law and administration were enacted.

As a jurist, Innocent IV wrote a lengthy and extremely influential Apparatus on the Decretals of Gregory IX, which he worked on over a long period of time and was finished ca. 1245. He prepared three collections of his own decretals, which included the canons of Lyons I (Novelle Innocentii quarti). Innocent also wrote commentaries on his novelle, including an authoritative commentary on the Lyon deposition decree of Frederick II (Ad apostolicae dignitatis apicem, VI 2.14.2). An Ordo iudiciarius exists which, at least in an early form, has been attributed to Innocent IV, but it seems very doubtful that he wrote such a work.   There is still not certainty whether Innocent wrote the polemical tract 'Eger cui lenia(levia)'.  William of Ockham thought that he did, but Ockham is a late witness.  Short Biography of Innocent IV

TEXTS:  1. Apparatus in quinque libros decretalium MANUSCRIPTS: Arras, Bibl. Munic. 2; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 00 [P.I.24]; Can. 00 [P.III.23]; Berlin, Staatsbibl. fol. 210; Breslau, Universitätsbibl. II.F.46; Bologna, Collegio di Spagna, 220, fol. 3ra-283vb; Halle, Ye. fol. 56; Hildesheim, Dombibl. Nr. 1.5; Klosterneuberg, Stiftsbibl. 100; Laon 4; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 997-999; Munich, Clm 3892; Clm 6350; Clm 15704; Paris, B.N. lat.8925; lat.8926; Prague, Universitätsbibl. VII.B.8; Troyes 1; Vatican City, Vat. Urb. lat. 157; Vat. lat. 1443; Vienna, ÖNB 2072; 2086; 2097; 2100; 2242. Early Printed Editions: Strasbourg 1477; Venice 1478; Venice 1481 (incomplete); Venice 1491; Venice 1495; Lyons 1525; Venice 1570; Frankfurt am Main 1570, reprinted Frankfurt am Main 1968.

2. Constitutiones of First Council of Lyon = Novelle Innocentii quarti (A=first collection [1245], B=second collection [1246], C=Third Collection [1253]): MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge MA, Harvard Law Libr. 71, fol. 1-11; s'Gravenhage (The Hague), Koninklijke Bibl. 73.E.14, fol. 230r-235r (A and B combined); Oxford, Bodleian lat. th. d. 32 (incomplete).  The following manuscripts contain the Constitutiones (see Kessler, 'Wiener Novellen':  Vienna, ÖNB 2056, 2065 (cum glossis), 2073, 2181 (cum glossis), 2189 (Fragment).  Prologus Novellarum Decretalium: Vienna, ÖNB 2083

3. Ordo iudiciarius: see Linda Fowler-Magerl, Ordo iudiciorum et ordo iudiciarius (Ius Commune, Sonderheft 19; Frankfurt am Main 1984) 216-18.

LITERATURE: G. Abate, 'Lettere "secretae" d'Innocenzo IV e altri documenti una raccolta inedita del sec.xiii.', Miscellanea Franciscana 55 (1955) 317-73. A. Bernal Palacios, 'Reportios del comentario de Innocencio IV a las decretales de Gregorio IX', Escritos del Vedat 17 (1987) 143-72. M. Bertram, 'Angebliche Originale des Dekretalenapparats Innozenz' IV.', Proceedings Berkeley(MIC C, 7; Vatican City 1976) 41-47. M. Bertram, 'Gregorio IX, Innocenzo IV e Federico II: Tre legislatori a confronto', . . . colendo iustitiam et iura condendo . . . Federico III legislatore del Regno di Sicilia nell’Europa del Duecento: Per una storia comparata delle codificazione europee, ed. A. Romano (Atti di convegni, 1; Rome 1997): 11-28. M. Bertram, 'Zwei vorläufige Textstufen des Dekretalenapparats Papst Innozenz IV.' Juristische Buchproduktion im Mittelalter, ed. Vincenzo Colli (Frankfurt am Main 2001): 000-000.  F. Bock, 'Studien zu den Registern Innozenz' IV.', Archivalische Zeitschrift 52 (1956) 11-48. R. Brentano, 'Innocent IV and the chapter of Rieti', Collectanea Stephan Kuttner III (SG 13; Vatican City 1967) 383-410. J.A. Cantini, 'De autonomia judicis secularis et de Romani Pontificis plenitudine potestatis in temporalibus secundum Innocentium IV', Salesianum 23 (1961) 407-80; idem and C. Lefebvre, 'Sinibalde dei Fieschi', DDC 7 (1965) 1029-62. C. Dolcini, '"Eger cui lenia" (1245/46): Innocenzo IV, Tolomeo da Lucca e Guglielmo d'Ockham', RHCI 39 (1975) 127-48. B. Kedar, 'Canon law and the burning of the Talmud', BMCL 9 (1979) 79-82; idem, Crusade and mission: European approaches toward the muslims (Princeton N.J. 1984). J.A. Kemp, S.J., 'A new concept of the Christian commonwealth in Innocent IV', Proceedings Boston (MIC C, 1; Vatican City 1965) 155-60. P.J. Kessler, 'Untersuchungen über die Novellen-Gesetzgebung Papst Innocenz IV (I)-(III)', ZRG Kan. Abt. 31 (1942) 142-320, 32 (1943) 300-383, 33 (1944) 56-128.   P.J. Kessler, 'Wiener Novellen: Suplementum novellisticum I', SG 12 Collectanea Stephan Kuttner (1967) 91-99.  M. Bertram, 'Aus kanonistischen Handschriften der Periode 1234 bis 1298', Proceedings Toronto (MIC C, 5; Vatican City 1976) 35-36.  S. Kuttner, 'Die Konstitutionen des ersten allgemeines Konzils von Lyon', SDHI 6 (1940) 70-131. G. Le Bras, 'Innocent IV Romaniste:  Examen de l'Apparatus', Collectanea Stephan Kuttner I (SG 11; Vatican City 1967) 307-26. A. Melloni, 'William of Ockham's critique of Innocent IV', Franciscan Studies 46 (1986) 161-203; idem, Innocenzo IV: La concezione e l'esperienza della christianità come 'regimen unius persone' (Genoa 1990). J. Muldoon, 'The contribution of the medieval canon lawyers to the formation of international law', Traditio 28 (1972) 483-97; idem, 'Missionaries and the marriage of infidels: the case of the mongol mission', The Jurist 35 (1975) 125-41; idem, Popes, lawyers and infidels: the Church and the non-Christian world 1250-1550 (Philadelphia 1979). M. Pacaut, 'L'autorité pontificale selon Innocent IV', Moyen âge 66 (1960) 85-118. V. Piergiovanni, 'Sinibaldo dei Fieschi decretalista: Richerche sulla vita', Annali Genova 6.2 (1967) 415-42, and SG 14 (1970) 125-54. A. Piola, 'Innocenzo IV Fieschi Pontifice e giurista somno', Studium 3 (1955) 154-164 and reprinted in Scritti in memoria di V.E. Orlando (Padua 1957) 357-368 and again in his collection of articles Scritti di diritto ecclesiastico e canonico (Milan 1969) 101-112. B. Roberg, 'Innozenz IV.', LMA 5.437-38. J. Müller, 'Sinibaldus Fliscus', Juristen: Ein biographisches Lexikon von der Antike bis zum 20. Jahrhundert, ed. M. Stolleis (Munich 1995) 313-314.M.J. Rodriguez, 'Innocent IV and the element of fiction in juristic personalities', The Jurist 22 (1962) 287-318. A. Rota, 'Natura giuridica e forme della istituzione nella dotrinadi Sinibaldo dei Fieschi (Papa Innocenzo IV)', Archivio giuridico series 6, vol 19, fasc. 1-2 (19XX) 67-139. F. Ruffini, 'La classificazione delle persone giuridiche in Sinibaldo dei Fieschi (Innocenzo IV) ...', Scritti Scaduto II (Turin 1898). J.F. von Schulte, Die Dekretalen zwischen den 'Decretales Gregorii IX' und 'Liber VI' Boniface VIII ...(Vienna 1867). B. Tierney, 'The continuity of papal political theory in the thirteenth century', Mediaeval Studies 27 (1965) 227-45. J. Watt, 'The theory of the papal monarchy in the thirteenth century: The contribution of the canonists', Traditio 20 (1964) 179-318 [republished as a monograph (New York 1965)]. M. Zurowski, Verbrechen der Vorgesetzen und die Verantwortung der organisierten Gemeinschaft nach der Lehre des Innocentius IV.', Prawo kanoniczne 24.1-2 (1981) 255-63 [in Polish w. German summary].
 
 

Introductio ad Decretum, 'De throno Dei', the incipit of this introductio suggests that it is derived from the Summa of Johannes Faventinus.

AUTHOR:

DATE/PLACE:

MANUSCRIPTS: Oxford, Bodl. Laud. misc. 112, fol. 426-42.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 14.

 

Introductio ad Decretum, 'Hoc opus inscribitur,' early twelfth-century introduction that is earlier than In prima parte agitur (Larrainzar).
 
Author: Unknown

DATE/PLACE:  Italy

MANUSCRIPTS:  Admont, Stiftsbibliothek 23, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek 13004.

EDITION:  Carlos Larrainzar, 'Notas sobre las introducciones In prima parte agitur y Hoc opus inscribitur', Medieval Church Law and the Origins of the Western Legal Tradition: A Tribute to Kenneth Pennington. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University Press of America, 2006: 146-150.

LITERATURE: Carlos Larrainzar, 'Notas sobre las introducciones In prima parte agitur y Hoc opus inscribitur', Medieval Church Law and the Origins of the Western Legal Tradition: A Tribute to Kenneth Pennington. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University Press of America, 2006: 134-153.

  

Introductio ad Decretum 'In prima parte agitur', one of the oldest introductory summaries to the Decretum which precedes Gratian's text in several twelfth-century manuscripts. It was composed by an anonymous  canonist probably during the 1140's. There are also at least two copies in which it is transmitted separately, attesting to its great success. As is true for other early twelfth-century introductions, it does not cover De consecratione.

AUTHOR: unknown

DATE/PLACE: 1130's-1140's Italy

EDITION: Biblioteca Casinensis II (1875) 171 ff. (based on Monte Cassino MS 64).  Partial edition in Carlos Larrainzar, 'Notas sobre las introducciones In prima parte agitur y Hoc opus inscribitur',  Medieval Church Law and the Origins of the Western Legal Tradition: A Tribute to Kenneth Pennington. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University Press of America, 2006: 151-153.

MANUSCRIPTS: preceding Decretum:  Barcelona, Arxiu de la Corona d’Aragó, Santa Maria de Ripoll 78, fol. 1r-15v; Cambrai, Bibl. Communale 967, fol. 1-9v; Durham, Cathed. C.IV.1, fol. 1-; Einsiedeln, Klosterbibl. 193, fol. 1-7; Munich, Clm. 28161, fol. 1-9; Paris, B.N. lat. 11712, fol. 1-9; Trier, Stadtbibl. 906, fol. 1-9; Trier, Stadtbibl. 906, fol. 1-8 (ends at de penitencia); 907, fol. 1-9; Trier, Bischöfl. Seminar 8, fol. 2r, 3r-9r; Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 622. inserted into Decretum text: Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell'abbazia 64; Munich, Clm 4505; Prague, Bibl. Cap. Met. XVII A 12. following Decretum: Bremen, Universitätsbibl. a.142, fol. 227va-33vb. without Decretum text: Mainz, Stadtbibl. II 204 (last 8 folios); Oxford, Corpus Christi Coll. 154, pp. 154a-184a.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 10. S. Gagnér, Studien zur Ideengeschichte der Gesetzgebung (Stockholm/Uppsala 1960) 218. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 26 n.1, 40, 48, 51, 57. J. Rambaud-Buhot, 'Les divers types d'abrégés du Decret', Recueil de travaux offert à M. Clovis Brunel (Paris 1955) 399-411. J.F von Schulte, 'Zur Geschichte der Literatur über das Dekret Gratians: Dritter Beitrag', SB Vienna 65 (1870) 24-. A. Stickler, 'Decretista Germanica audacta', Traditio 12 (1956) 604; Carlos Larrainzar, 'Notas sobre las introducciones In prima parte agitur y Hoc opus inscribitur',  Medieval Church Law and the Origins of the Western Legal Tradition: A Tribute to Kenneth Pennington. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University Press of America, 2006: 134-153.
 
 
 
 

Introductio ad Decretum 'De iure scripto', a brief, twelfth-century summary of the Decretum which is preserved in two manuscripts in Durham.

AUTHOR:

DATE/PLACE:

MANUSCRIPTS: Durham, Cathed. Libr. c.iii.1, fol. 13; c.iv.1, fol. 59.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 27, 281. J. Rambaud-Buhot, 'Les divers types d'abrégés du Decret', Recueil de travaux offert à M. Clovis Brunel (Paris 1955) 399-411. Rudolf Weigand, 'Romanisierungstendenzen im frühen kanonischen Recht', ZRG Kan. Abt. 69 (1983) 200-49, at 209-20; idem, SG 26 Index.
 
 
 
 

Ius naturale (see Alanus Anglicus)
 
 
 
 

Jacobinus Aprinellus, a layman who was mentioned as a teacher of canon law at Bologna between 1268-98.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 174.
 
 
 
 

Jacobus de Albenga (Albanus, Albasco), from Albenga, a town on the gulf of Genoa. Jacobus was an advocate in an ecclesiastical case in 1210, so he must have been born by 1190. From 1220-30, Jacobus taught canon law at Bologna. Among his students were Henry of Susa (but not, as was once thought, Peter Sampson). He was promoted provost of Albenga and then to the Bishopric. Guilelmus Durantis referred to Jacobus as the Bishop of Faenza. Schulte believed this but Kuttner does not.

Jacobus wrote the most important apparatus to Compilatio quinta. His glosses to the Decretum appear in Glossa Palatina. Jacobus also wrote additiones to Tancred's gloss on Compilatio prima and some glosses to Compilatio quarta.

TEXTS:1. Apparatus glossarum in Compilationem quintam MANUSCRIPTS: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 22, fol. 271-297v (fragmentary);  Cordoba, Biblioteca de Cabildo 10, fol. 307ra-338vb;  London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11 C VIII, fol. 246-71v.

2. Glosses on the Decretum (see Glossa Palatina)

3. Additiones to Tancred's gloss on Compilatio prima, MANUSCRIPTS: Admont 22, fol. 1-85v (set ii).

4. Glosses on Compilatio quarta MANUSCRIPTS: Córdoba, Biblioteca de Cabildo 10.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 335 nn. 19-22; idem, retractationes to this article in Gratian and the schools of law 1140-1234 (London 1983), Retractationes VII, 22-23. J. Lips and H. Wagnon, 'Jacques ou Jacobus de Albertino ou D'Alberti', DDC 6 (1957) 77-78. E.M. Meijers, Responsa doctorum Tholosanorum (Haarlem 1938) vii. n.6 (=Études d'histoire du droit III [Leiden 1959] 171 n.20). Schulte, QL II 205-07.
 
 
 
 

Jacobus de Baysio, a brother of the more famous Guido de Baysio, Jacobus gave lectures on canon law at Bologna at least during the years 1283-86. Jacobus composed quaestiones on the Decretumand on decretales with which Johannes Andrea was familiar.

TEXTS: Quaestiones MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 48; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853.

LITERATURE: M. Baekelandt and H. Wagnon, 'Jacques ou Jacobus de Baysio', DDC 6 (1957) 79. L. Prosdocimi, 'Baisio, Iacopo', DBI 5 (1963) 299-300. Schulte, QL II 190-91.
 
 
 
 

Jacobus Bonacosa, a canon at Bologna cathedral and appears in the records as a professor of canon law (1267-78). Jacobus also acted as a papal auditor; he died in 1279.

TEXTS: Quaestiones MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can 48; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853; Wroclaw, Univer. II.F.53.

LITERATURE: V. Aldinucci - H. Wagnon, 'Jacques ou Jacobus Bonacosa', DDC 6 (1957) 80. Schulte, QL II 171-72.
 
 
 
 

Jacobus a Castello, a teacher of canon law at Bologna around 1274. In his comment on the preface to the Liber Sextus, Johannes Andrea referred to him as very learned in law; nevertheless, no writings by Jacobus are known. He died before 1305.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 172-73.
 
 
 
 

Jacobus Falconarius,

TEXTS: Lectura in decretales MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2590, fol. 1r-26r.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Aus kanonistischen Handschriften der Periode 1234 bis 1298', Proceedings Toronto (MIC C-5; Vatican City 1976) 27-44 at 40-41.
 
 
 
 

Jacobus de Ferraria, taught canon law at Padua ca. 1298.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 175.
 
 
 
 

Jacobus Monachus, a Benedictine monk at S. Proclo in Bologna. He taught canon law there before 1285.

TEXTS:1. commentary on De summa trinitate (by Pope Urban VI) MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, Coll. de Navarre.

2. Breuiarium decretorum (on Gratian's Decretum) MANUSCRIPTS:

LITERATURE: F. Coutinho - H. Wagnon, 'Jacques ou Jacobus Monachus', DDC 6 (1957) 84. Schulte, QL II 171.
 
 
 
 

Johannes (Guidonis) de Ancona, wrote a Summa on the Decretales Gregorii IX (c. 1265-68). He was most likely a layman and a Roman lawyer and worked at the curia of the patriarch of Jerusalem when he composed the work. Johannes also served as a procurator for the Knights Templar. Johannes's Summa was an elaboration on the Summa of Goffredus Tranensis. In two places in his Summa, Johannes de Ancona refers to his own commentary on the Libri feudorum, but this work has never been found. Johannes's Summa was not influential.

TEXTS: Summa decretalium EDITION: (of the Prologue and Epilogue only), M. Bertram, BMCL 7 (1977) 59-62. MANUSCRIPTS: Bruges, Bibl. de la Ville 377.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Johannes de Ancona: Ein Jurist des 13. Jahrhunderts in den Kreuzfahrerstaaten', BMCL 7 (1977) 49-64. N. Höhl, 'Johannes de Ancona', LMA 4 (1990) 555. D. Maffei, Giuristi medievali e falsificazioni editoriali del primo Cinquecento (Ius Commune - Sonderheft 10; Frankfurt a.M. 1979) 75-80.
 
 
 
 

Johannes de Angussola (de Gozellis, Angusellis), from Cesena, taught canon law at Padua in the 1270's.

TEXTS:1. Apparatus super constitutionibus Gregorii X (Lyons 1274), MANUSCRIPTS: Vienna, ÖNB 2216, fol. 59-78v.

2. De sponsalibus Early printed Edition: Hain 1073-74.

3. De presentationibus Early Printed Edition: Tractatus Uniuersi Iuris 17 (Venice 1584) fol. 221; Nürnberg 1658. MANUSCRIPTS: Vienna, ÖNB 2216, fol. 59-78.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, QF 53 (1973) 459-67. G. Oesterlé, 'Jean d'Anguissola', DDC 6 (1957) 92. L. Prosdocimi, 'Anguissola, Giovanni', DBI 3 (1961) 317-18. Schulte, QL II 132-35.
 
 
 
 

Johannes de Cadomo (Caen)

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 266-67.
 
 
 
 

Johannes de Chent (see John of Kent)
 
 
 
 

Johannes de Deo, born in Silves, Portugal. He studied law at Bologna during the 1220's under Zoen Tencararius. From 1229 until at least 1255, he taught there and produced numerous canonistic writings, usually of a more introductory than a scholarly nature. Perhaps his most important work was a historical work on the study of canon law (No. 7). Johannes spent the last years of his life in Lisbon where he had become archdeacon in 1260. Johannes died in 1267.

TEXTS:1. Libellus dispensationum MANUSCRIPTS: first recension: Milan, Bibl. Ambros. 64 sup., fol. 95ra-101va; second recension: Rome, Bibl. Casanat. 108; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5066 (for further MSS, see A. de Sousa Costa [1957] 103-05, 196-97).

2. Breuiarum decretorum Early Printed Editions: Appended to the Decretum Gratiani in ed. Paris 1510; Lyons 1510; Louvain 1512 and later. MANUSCRIPTS: Salamanca, Univ. 1917 For other MSS see Sousa Costa (1957) 59-61.

3 Liber iudicum MANUSCRIPTS: Avignon, Bibl. Munic. 281, fol. 40-45v; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 00 [P.iii.18], fol. 115v-124v; Basel, Universitätsbibl. C.v.17, fol. 20-31v; Bruges, Bibl. de la Ville 381, fol. 16v-32v; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 32/1; Escorial, G.ii.15, fol. 1-7vb; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 932, fol. 90-106v; Lisbon, Bibl. Nac. Alcob. 371, fol. 14v-21; Madrid, Bib. Nac. lat. 243, fol. 18v-31; Munich, Clm 13043, fol. 130-43; Oxford, New College 192; Paris, B.N. lat. 4249, fol. 17-26v; lat. 4250, fol. 1-17v; St. Gall, Stiftsbibl. 745, fol. 1-26; Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 936; 1448; Vatican City, Vat. Ottob. lat. 2524, fol. 55-62a; Vat. lat. 2343, fol. 75-82a; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 130, fol. 78-101va; lat. 2157, fol. 1-3b; Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 338, fol. 40-50.

4. Casus decretalium cum canonibus concordati MANUSCRIPTS: Antwerp, Musée Plantin-Moretus lat. 110, fol. 3-124v; Arras, Bibl. Munic. 172, fol. 1-60; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. [P.III.13], fol. 3-50; Erlangen, Univ. lat. 352, fol. 1-53; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1027, fol. 1-103v; London, Brit. Libr. Add. 16893, fol. 1-141va; Madrid, Bib. Nac. 392, fol. 110-46vb; Munich, Clm 12718, fol. 1-206; Orleans, Bibl. Munic. 224, fol. 1-133; Paris, B.N. lat. 3971, fol. 1-31v; lat. 3972, fol. 1-49; Seo de Urgel, Cab. 2882, fol. 92ra-138rb; Toledo, Cab. 22-31, fol. 220ra-35rb; Tours, Bibl. Munic. 605, fol. 23-110; Vatican City, Vat. Ottob. lat. 847, fol. 1-202v; Vat. Ottob. lat. 2524, fol. 1-54; Vat. Borgh. lat. 145, fol. 2-125; Vat. Pal. lat. 645, fol. 1-190; Vat. lat. 2343, fol. 1-47.

5. Distinctiones super toto iure canonico MANUSCRIPTS: Lucerne, Zentralbibl. 35, fol. 121-212; Bonn, Universitätsbibl. 792, fol. 1-149vb; Cambridge, Peterhouse Coll. 279, fol. 4-10v; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2190, fol. 44-95.

6. Arbor versificata MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. 617, fol. 242-243b; lat. 360b-361b; Cambridge, St. John's Coll. 217, fol. 132-134; Escorial, V.I.1, fol. 4v-5; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1074, fol. 2v-9v; Monza, Cap. CCVI; Munich, Clm 4, fol. 263b-264; Clm 21505, fol. 320-21; Oxford, Bodl. 384, fol. 90-93; Paris, B.N. lat. 3944, fol. 1v-2; lat. 3949, fol. 299v-300; Prague, Metrop. Kap. 1184; Ravenna, Bibl. Olass. 91, fol. 128-31, 133-35; Rome, Bibl. Angelica 275, fol. 182-86; Subiaco, S. Scol. 6, fol. 1-2; Vatican City, Vat. Urb. lat. 159, fol. 226v-228; Vat. Pal. lat. 629, fol. 260v-62v; Venice, Bib. Naz. 137; Vorau, Stiftsbibl. 300, fol. 119-24v; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 5081, fol. 229-250a; lat. 5107, fol. 595b-602b.

7. Chronica per canones comprobata MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Addit. 19905.

8. De decimis (1240, revised 1253) MANUSCRIPTS: A. first recension: Rome, Bibl. Casanat. A.ii.10, fol. 172a-vb. B. second recension: Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. Lat. 254, fol. 1a-2vb.

9. Apparatus Decretorum (this work is mentioned by J.d.D. in the explicet of his Summa super iv. causis Decretorum [No. 12], but has not been identified).

10. Casus legum canonizatarum MANUSCRIPTS: Rome, Bibl. Casanat. A.ii.10, fol. 170vb-172vb.

11. Notabilia cum summis super titulis decretalium MANUSCRIPTS: Padua, Univ. 1232 (a later recension?); Rome, Bibl. Casanat. A.ii.10, fol. 145ra-70vb; Seville, Bibl. Columb. 5-5-79, fol. 132-55v (fragmentary).

12. Summa super iv. causis Decretorum (a continuation of Huguccio's Summa, from C.23 q.4 c.33 to C.26), MANUSCRIPTS: Leningrad, Publ. Libr. lat. fol.ii. vel 10, fol. 376 (a fragment of the Prologue); Madrid, Bib. Nac. lat. 11962, fol. 232ra-249vb (inserted into Huguccio's text); Paris, B.N. lat. 3892, fol. 401ra-419v; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2280, fol. 371ra-388ra.

13. Liber pastoralis MANUSCRIPTS: Oxford, Trinity Coll. xviii, fol. 138-66; Vatican City, Vat. Ottob. lat. 800, fol. 64-95; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 130, fol. 135-59.

14. Commentum super novellis decretalibus (on the constitutions of Lyons I [1245]; this work is mentioned by J.d.D. in his Liber cavillationum, but has not yet been identified.)

15. Liber penitentiarius EDITION: a somewhat abridged version has been printed in PL 90.1085-1108; the Prologue has been edited by A. De Sousa Costa (1956) 138-40. MANUSCRIPTS: Salamanca, Univ. 1974, fol. 1r-62r (others listed in De Sousa Costa [1957] 121-24.)

16. Liber cavillationum Early Printed Editions: Venice 1567, fol. 1-16 (together with the Speculum of Guilelmus Durantis); Torino 0000 (together with the Speculum of Guilelmus Durantis, vol.6 62-89); Lyons 1577 (Doctrina aduocatorum). MANUSCRIPTS: Seo de Urgel, Cab. 2036, fol. 19va-45vb; Cab. 2041, fol. 99ra-119va (other manuscripts listed in De Sousa Costa [1957] 114-15).

17. Liber quaestionum MANUSCRIPTS: Amiens, Bibl. Munic. 359, fol. 363 ff; Arras, Bibl. Munic. 495; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853; Edinburgh, Nat. Libr. 9740, fol. 38r-65v; Modena, Estens. Campori App. 1242, fol. 1r-22r; Frankfurt\M., Barth. 43, fol. 114r-149r; Madrid, Bib. Nac. lat. 387, fol. 90-119v; Olomouc, Archiv C.9.209, fol. 218v-38r; Padua, Univ. 114, fol. 1-20; Torino, Bibl. Naz. 1435, fol. 239r-277r; Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. lat. 260, fol. 132-61, 214v-214; Vicenza, Bibl. Bertol. 337, fol. 21a-38va.

18. Concordia decretorum cum titulis decretalium MANUSCRIPTS: Toledo, 22-31, fol. 326va-327vb (other manuscripts listed by De Sousa Costa [1957] 131-33.

19. Casus uersificati MANUSCRIPTS: Vicenza, Bibl. Bertol. 337, fol. 38v-39ra.

20 Liber opinionum MANUSCRIPT: Vicenza, Bibl. Bertol. 337, fol. 39a-44va.

21. Principium decretalium EDITION: in part, by H. Kantorowicz, 'Das Principium Decretalium des Johannes de Deo', ZRG Kan. Abt. 12 (1922) 418-444. MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 4489, fol. 104-05.

22. De abusionibus contra canones EDITION: A. De Sousa Costa (1957) 191-96.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Kanonistische Quaestionensammlungen von Bartholomaeus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 269-70. Norbert Höhl, 'Johannes de Deo', LMA 4 (1990) 569. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 159, 372-73, 382-83; idem, 'Pope Lucius III and the bigamous archbishop of Palermo', Medieval studies presented to A. Gwynn, ed. J. Watt et al. (Dublin 1961) 449-51 and passim; P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 26-27. A. de Sousa Costa, Doutrina penitencial do canonista Joâo de Deus (Braga 1956); idem, Um mestre português em Bolonha no século XIII, Joâo de Deus: Vida e obras (Braga 1957); idem, 'Animadversiones criticae in vitam et operam canonistae Joannis de Deo', Antonianum 33 (1958) 76-124; idem, 'Johannes de Deo', NCE 7 (1967) 996; idem, 'Redaccõnes do "Liber dispensationum" e da "Summula super decimis ecclesiasticis" do canonista João de Deus', Revista Portuguesa de História 13 (1971) 269-97; A. García y García, 'Notas sobre la canonística ibérica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 163-64; idem, 'El "Breviarium Decretorum" de Juan de Dios y las divisiones del Decreto de Graciano', SG 12 (1967) 205-26; idem, Estudios sobre la canonística portuguesa medieval (Madrid 1976) 113-17, 173-99; idem, 'La Canonística Ibérica (1150-1250) en la investigación reciente', BMCL 11 (1981) 60-62. Schulte, QL II 94-107.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Egitaniensis (Joao de Idanha), a 13th century Portuguese civilian who wrote a short canonistic treatise on consanguinity. He is often confused with Johannes de Deo.

TEXTS: Arbores consanguinitatis et affinitatis MANUSCRIPT: Segovia, Cab. 176, fol. 245ra-48va; Toledo, Cab. 40-1, fol. 1va-2rb.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'Notas sobre la canonística ibérica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 164; idem, 'La Canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de las Cienicas eclesiasticas en España 1 (1967) 414; idem, Estudios sobre la canonística portuguesa medieval (Madrid 1976) 118-20; idem, 'La Canonística Ibérica (1150-1250) en la investigación reciente', BMCL 11 (1981) 62-63.
 

 

Johannes de Fintona, often abbreviated in manuscripts and printed editions as io. de f., io. de fan., io. de fiton., io. de fi., etc. See entry for Johannes de Phintona.
 
 
 

Johannes Faventinus, born in Faenza, studied canon law in Bologna and became a professor around 1170. He immediately began his publishing career as a commentator and glossator of the Decretum, which continued undisturbed when he left Bologna, in 1174, to become a canon in Faenza. He probably has to be identified with the Bishop Johannes of Faenza (1177-90), who rules over his diocese just about the time when Huguccio's teachings began to gain predominance over his own. Unlike most of his colleagues, Johannes prepared the ground for his glossing activities by composing a Summa (ca. 1171). It consisted of little more than a compilation based on the two Summae of his predecessors, Rufinus and Stephan of Tournay. Modern scholars have often called him a plagiarist for that reason, despite the fact that Johannes fully acknowledged his indebtedness in the prologue. More importantly, the work was warmly welcomed by his audience, as is attested by the great number of surviving manuscripts, more twelfth century manuscripts even than for Huguccio. In addition, Johannes expressed his own doctrinal opinions in a vast amount of single glosses on all parts of Gratian's work. They also enjoyed great success and circulated widely, in what made Johannes the most cited canonist prior to Huguccio.

TEXTS:1. Summa decretorum (ca. 1171) EDITIONS: None. The prologue and the preface have been printed by J. F. v. Schulte, 'Die Rechtshandschriften der Stiftsbibliotheken', SB Vienna 57 (1867) 580 (from MS Klosterneuburg, Stifstbibl. 655); MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. Munic. 370; Arras, Bibl. Munic. 271, fol. 1-148; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 37; Barcelona, Arch. Corona de Aragón Ripoll 34; Besancon, Bibl. Munic. 379; Bordeaux, Bibl. Munic. 37, fol. 1-5, 174-75 (containing C.1 q.1 c.17 - C.2 q.3 p.c.7); Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 173 (lost during WW II); Durham, Cathedral C. III 7; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 344; Escorial I. II. 11; Florence, Bibl. Laurenziana Aed. Flor. Eccl. 49; Frankfurt/M., Stadtbibl. 52; Klosterneuburg, Stifstbibl. 271, fol. 94-212; Klosterneuburg, Stifstbibl. 655; Laon, Bibl. Munic. 371; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 9 E VII, fol. 1-160; London, Brit. Libr. Additional 18369; Madrid, Bibl. Nacional 399; Madrid, Bibl. Nacional 421; Madrid, Bibl. Nacional C.37; Munich, Clm 38713 (destroyed in World War I); Munich, Clm 14403 (preceding the Summa of Stephanus, on De cons. only); Münster, Universitätsbibl. 603 (lost in WW II); Oxford, Bodleian Library Canon Misc. 429; Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud. Misc. 112, fol. 426 (prologue); Oxford, Bodleian Library Tanner 8, p.301-586; Paris, B.N. lat. 3913 (after the Summa of Stephanus, on De cons. only); Paris, B.N. lat. 14606, fol. 1-166; Paris, B.N. lat. 14607, fol. 1-144; Paris, B.N. lat. 14609, fol. 126-213; Paris, B.N. lat. 14997, fol. 187-196 (on De cons.); Paris, B.N. lat. 17528; Paris, Mazarine 1317 (ends C.13 q.1 c.1); Paris, Sainte Geneviève 1624; Paris, Sainte Geneviève 1625; Reims, Bibl. de la Ville 684; Rome, Bibl. Casanatense 1105, fol. 1-196; Saint-Omer, Bibl. Municip. 493; Salamanca, Univ. 2077; Salamanca, Univ. 2399; Sienna, Bibl. Pub. G V 24; Tarazona, Cath. 41; Tarazona, Cath. 77; Troyes, Bibl. Municip. 192, fol. 1-4 (ends D.3 pr.); Vatican City, Vat. lat. 4954 (flyleaves); Vat. Borgh. 71; Vat. Borgh. 162 (contains D.47 - De cons. D.4 c.125); Vat. Reg. lat. 1061, fol. 49-64v (ends at D.35); Vercelli, Arch. capitol. 91; Vienna, ÖNB 2118; Zurich, Zentralbibl. Rh.42. See S. Kuttner, Repertorium 143-45; idem, 'Retractationes', VII.9.

2. Glosses on the Decretum EDITIONS: Certain groups of Johannes's surviving glosses have been edited, i.e. a) those on part I by N. Höhl (1987); b) those referred to in part I (D.1-101) of Huguccio's Summa by R. Weigand, AKKR 154 (1985) 490-520; c) those on C.1 by R. Weigand, AKKR 157 (1988) 73-107; MANUSCRIPTS: See S. Kuttner, Repertorium 11; R. Weigand (1988) 73-75.

LITERATURE: J. Argnani, 'Joannes Faventinus glossator', Apollinaris 9 (1936) 418. N. Höhl, Die Glossen des Johannes Faventinus zur Pars I des Decretum Gratiani: Eine literargeschichtliche Untersuchung (Würzburg 1987); idem, 'Wer war Johannes Faventinus', Proceedings San Diego(MIC C-9; Vatican City 1990); idem, 'Johannes de Deo', LMA 4 (1990) 575. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 143-46. idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943); idem, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools of Canon Law (1140 -1234) (London 1983) 9. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 93-99. Schulte QL I 137-40. A. Stickler, 'Jean de Faenza ou Joannes Faventinus', DDC 6 (1957) 99-102. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 154-60, 233-34; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 152-53, 301, 267, 288, 292, 316, 337, 339, 350, 352, 363, 414-15, 428, 431; idem, 'Huguccio und der Apparat "Ordinaturus Magister",' AKKR 154 (1985) 490-520; idem, 'Die Glossen des Johannes Faventinus zur Causa 1 des Dekrets und ihre Vorkommen in späteren Glossenapparaten', AKKR 157 (1988) 73-107.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Galensis (John of Wales), little is known about Johannes's life except for the years arund 1210, when he suddenly appeared among the Bolognese decretalists. In 1210-12, he privately assembled a collection of papal decretals soon to be accepted as Compilatio II. Drawn from the collectiones of Alanus and Gilbertus, it was mainly concerned with supplying the chronological gap (1191-97) left by the preceding Compilationes I (1191) and III (1210), the latter of which had only included decretals from the first twelve years of Innocent III's pontificate (1198-1209). Johannes also wrote single glosses on it and produced the first apparatus on Compilatio III.

TEXTS:1. see Compilatio secunda

2. Apparatus on Compilatio III (ca.1210-15) EDITION: None. A large number of excerpts has been printed by F. Gillmann, AKKR 105 (1925) 510-62; idem, AKKR 118 (1938) 174-222; MANUSCRIPTS: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349, fol. 114r-202v (second set of glosses); Munich, Clm 3879 (not the full apparatus); Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 30, fol. 102r-200r.

3. Glosses on Compilatio II

LITERATURE: F. Gillmann, 'Johannes Galensis als Glossator', AKKR 105 (1925) 488-565; idem, 'Des Johannes Galensis Apparat zur Compilatio III in der Universitätsbibliothek zu Erlangen', AKKR 118 (1938) 174-222. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 345-46, 355-56. G.Oesterlé, 'Jean de Galles', DDC 6 (1957) 105-106. Schulte QL I 88-89, 189; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 331-33.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Garsias Hispanus (recte   Garsias Hispanus [see Peter Linehan's article below]) (Juan García Hispano Antiguo) taught canon law at Bologna during the 1270's and 1280's.

TEXTS: 1. Apparatus in constitutiones Gregorii X (Lyons 1274) MANUSCRIPTS: Barcelona, ACA 7, fol. 226ra-41vb; Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 263; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 464; Gerona, Semin. 169; Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibl. 96; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 965 and 966; Madrid, B.N. lat. 393, fol. 81ra-86va (fragmentary), lat. 396, fol. 21ra-30vb; Mainz, Stadtbibl. Jur.50; Olomouc, Metrop. 268, fol. 15-31; Paris, B.N. lat. 3949, lat.8923, lat. 8390; Tours, Mibl. munic. 571; Venice, Marc. 47, fol. 2-13; Vich, Cat. 216, fol. 16ra-30vb; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2084; Wroclaw, Univ. II.F.30 and 32.

2. Apparatus ad constitionem Cupientis Nicolai III (VI 1.6.16) MANUSCRIPTS: Barcelona, ACA 7, fol. 1ra-7vb; Basel, Universitätsbibl. C.i.18; Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 263; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 96; Escorial, c.I.10, fol. 1ra-6vb; Gerona, Sem. 169 (fragments); Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibl. 96; Paris, B.N. lat. 8389; Tours, Bibl. Munic. 571; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2132, lat. 2216.

3. Quaestiones EDITION: by C. F. Reatz, Garsiae Hispani quaestiones de jure canonico(Giessen 1859) 59 ff. (six items from MSS Bamberg and Darmstadt).

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can.48; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853; Escorial, d.ii.7, fol. 104r-05v.

LITERATURE: J. Deshusses, 'Jean ou Joannes Garsias ou Garcías', DDC 6 (1957) 106. A. García y García, 'Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 165-66; idem, 'La Canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de las Cienicas eclesiasticas en España 1 (1967) 410-11; idem, 'La Canonística Ibérica (1150-1250) en la investigación reciente', BMCL 11 (1981) 53-54. N. Höhl, 'Johannes Hispanus', LMA 4 (1990) 581-82. Schulte, QL 2.160-62. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 429.    Peter Linehan, REDC 55 (1998) 749-754.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Hispanus Diaconus Aragonensis, according to Schulte the author of a florilegium drawn from the Decretum, written after 1246. He is not to be identified with Johannes de Deo.

TEXTS: 1. Flos Decreti EDITION: Nürnberg 1483 (Hain 7899).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 107-08. A. García y García, BMCL 11 (1981) 61.
 
 

Johannes Hispanus de Compostela (Petesella) appears as a teacher of canon law at Bologna in 1223. He later went to Padua (1229), but returned sometime before 1244.

TEXTS: 1. Summa super titulis decretalium (1235-36) MANUSCRIPTS: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1009; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2543.

LITERATURE: J. Deshusses, 'Jean d'Espagne', DDC 6 (1957) 99. A. García y García, 'Canonistas Gallegos medievales', Compostellanum 16 (1971) 114-15. idem, 'La Canonística Ibérica (1150-1250) en la investigación reciente', BMCL 11 (1981) 63. Schulte, QL II 81-83.
 
 
 
 

Johannes de Monte Murio (de Montemurlo) studied and taught canon law at Bologna during the 1280's and 1290's.

TEXTS: 1. Quaestiones MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 43; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853; Wroclaw, Univ. II.F.53.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 164. J. Viret 'Jean de Montemurlo', DDC 6 (1957) 114.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Passavantius was an extraordinary lecturer on the Decretum at Bologna in 1299.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 174.
 
 
 
 

Johannes de Phintona, taught canon law, probably at Bologna, in the second half of the 13th century. He was author of glosses on all parts of the Decretum, most of which were included by Guido de Baysio in his Rosarium of 1300. His decretalist glosses were also often cited in the work.

TEXTS:1. Glosses on the Decretum MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1368, 1373, 1376.

2. Glosses on the Decretales Gregorii MANUSCRIPTS; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1379, lat. 1389.

3. Quaestiones (known only through references by Guido de Baysio) LITERATURE: F. Gillmann, 'Johannes von Phintona, ein vergessener Kanonist des 13. Jahrhunderts', AKKR 116 (1936) 446-84. N. Höhl, 'Johannes de Phintona', LMA 5 (1990) 594. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 20 n.2; G. Oesterlé, 'Jean de Phintona', DDC 6 (1957) 115-16.
 
 
 
 

Johannes Pontius (Juan Pons), a Spanish magister, abbreviated the commentary of Vincentius Hispanus on Liber Extra.

TEXT: 1. Additiones ad ordinarium apparatum Decretalium MANUSCRIPTS; Tortosa, Cab. 178, fol. 76ra-143rb.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'La Canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de las Cienicas eclesiasticas en España 1 (1967) 411-12; idem, 'La Canonística Ibérica, BMCL 11 (1981) 64-65.
 
 

Johannes Teutonicus (Zemeke), ca. 1170-1245, taught canon law at Bologna ca. 1210-1212/1213-18. He studied law in Bologna in the last decades of the twelfth century and then began to teach there.  In 1216 Johannes visited the papal court and departed in anger. Kuttner and Pennington have argued that he was seeking papal endorsement for his decretal collection (Compilatio quarta). Although Innocent III did not grant his request, Johannes's collection followed Compilatio tertia into the accepted canon of Compilationes antiquae. He also provided a gloss-apparatus for it, which is the only one ever to be composed on this (perhaps) reluctantly accepted collection. After his departure from Bologna, he became scholasticus(1220), provost (1223), and dean (1235) at S. Mariae in Halberstadt. Later, he advanced to the position of provost (1241) in the cathedral church of Halberstadt.  A legend in Halberstadt credits him with being an important figure in the building of the new gothic cathedral.   His tomb and fifteenth-century epitaph (probably based on an earlier one) are in the Cathedral of Halberstadt.

As a canonist, Johannes was quite capable as a synthesizer. He managed to draw together the contributions of Huguccio, Laurentius, and the 'Ordinaturus magister' apparatus so successfully in his gloss to the Decretum that it became the Glossa ordinaria. But he could also be independent and creative, as in his gloss to the constitutions of the Fourth Lateran Council (1215) and - even more so - to Compilatio tertia.

TEXTS:1. Ordinary Gloss to Gratian's Decretum EDITIONS: Johannes's work as revised by Bartholomeus Brixiensis (ca. 1240-1245) has appeared in numerous early modern editions of Gratian's Decretum. The original version of 1216 remains, however, unprinted; MANUSCRIPTS: (of the original version only): Admont, Stiftsbibl. 35; Antwerp, Musée Plantin-Muretus M 13 (set II); Avranches, Bibl. Munic. 148; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 13 (set II); Can. 14 (set III); Beaune, Bibl. Munic. 5 (set III); Cambridge, Gonville and Caius Coll. 34 (without Gratian's text); Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum Mc Lean 135 (set II); Cambridge, Pembroke Coll. 162 (set IV); Charleville, Bibl. Munic. 269 (set I); Cividale, Museo 96 (set II); Douai, Bibl. Municip. 586 (set II); Douai, Bibl. Municip. 591 (set II); Évreux, Bib. Munic. 106 (set III); Gdansk, Munic. Libr. Mar. F.77 (set IV); Graz, Universitätsbibl. 71 (set V); Graz, Universitätsbibl. 80 (set II); Grenoble, Bibl. Munic. 62; Ivrea, Arch. Cap. 72 (with major lacunae); Klosterneuberg, Stifstbibl. 87; Klosterneuberg, Stifstbibl. 101 (set III); Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 958; Lublin, Catholic Univ. 1; Munich, Staatsbibliothek Clm 14024 (set II); Olomouc, Metrop. Chapter 401 (without Gratian's text); Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodl. 290 (fragment); Paris, B.N. lat. 3903 (set III); Paris, B.N. lat. 3904 (set III); Paris, B.N. lat. 3905; Paris, B.N. lat. 14317 (set III); Prague, Nat. Museum XVII A 12 (set III?); Saint-Omer, Bibl. Municip. 192 (set III); Saint-Mihiel, Bibl. Munic. 5 (set II); Saint-Omer, Bibl. Municip. 454 (set b); Tarazona, 93 (fragments); Tours, Bibl Munic. 559 (set II); Trier, Stadtbibl. 906 (set II); Trier, Stadtbibl 907 (set II); Troyes, Bibl. Municip. 60 (set II); Troyes, Bibl. Municip. 192, fol. 5-174 (without Gratian's text, begins at D.2 c.5); Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1367 (set I); Vat. Pal. lat. 624; Vat. Pal. lat. 625 (set III); Venice, Marcian Libr. IV 117 (set II); Vienna, ÖNB 2082 (set I)

2. Johannis Teutonici Apparatus glossarum in Compilationem tertiam EDITION: (Books 1-2) ed. K. Pennington (MIC A-3: Vatican City 1981). All the manuscripts containing the Apparatus are listed therein, p.xv-xvi.

3. Apparatus on Fourth Lateran Constitutions EDITION: Constitutiones concilii quarti Lateranensis una cum commentariis glossatorum, ed. A. García y García (MIC A-2: Vatican City 1981) 175-272.

4. See Compilatio quarta.

5. Apparatus Glossarum in Compilationem quartam EDITION: A. Augustín, Antiquae collectiones decretalium (Lerida 1576). The best reprint is in his Opera omnia IV, ed. G. Rocchi (Lucca 1769) 610-92, see S. Kuttner, 'Antonio Augustin's edition of the Compilationes Antiquae', BMCL 7 (1977) 1-14. MANUSCRIPTS: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 22, fol. 246v-270; Arras, Bibl. Munic. 505; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19, fol. 223-55; Can. 23, fol. 1-51; Beaune, Bibl. Munic. 19, fol. 273; Burgo de Osma, Cath. 6, fol. 320-356v; Cambridge, Gonville and Caius Coll. 17, p. 329-81; Cambridge, Gonville and Caius Coll. 150, fol. 120-151v; Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 318, fol. 238-; Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 384, fol. 247-81v; Cordoba, Cath. 10, fol. 274-304va; Douai, Bibl. Municip. 593, fol. 75-; Douai, Bibl. Municip. 596, fol. 1-; Durham, Cathedral C III 4; Florence, Bibl. Laurenziana S. Croce III sin. 6, fol. 108-; Florence, Bibl. Laurenziana S. Croce IV sin. 2; Frankfurt/M., Stadtbibl. 28; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.6, fol. 268-299v; Graz, Universitätsbibl. 374; Graz, Universitätsbibl. III 106; Graz, Universitätsbibl. III 138; Leiden, Univ. Bibl. Ablaing 12; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 968, fol. 232-61; Leningrad, Publ. Libr. II, fol. membr.1; Lincoln, Cathedral 29, fol. 169-192v, fol. 3; Lisbon, Bibl. Nac. Alcobac. 381, fol. 225-256v; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11 C VII, fol. 210-; Lyons, Univ. 6, fol. 177-201; Marburg, Universitätsbibl. C.2, fol. 71-103; Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell'abbazia 185, p.181-239; Munich, Clm 3879, fol. 267-304; Padua, Bibl. Antoniana 35; Paris, B.N. lat. 3931 A; Paris, B.N. lat. 3932, fol. 203-236; Paris, B.N. lat. 3933; Paris, B.N. lat. 11714, fol. 1-26vb; Paris, B.N. lat. 12452; Paris, B.N. lat. 14321; Paris, B.N. lat. 15997; Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2127; Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2192; Reims, Bibl. de la Ville 690, fol. 173-215; Saint-Omer, Bibl. Municip. 447; Toulouse, Bibl. Munic. 368, fol. 95-119v; Tours, Bibl. Munic. 564, fol. 1-23v; Troyes, Bibl. Municip. 102; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1377, fol. 282-317; Vat. lat. 2509, fol. 276-319; Vat. Borgh. 264, fol. 231-267v; Vat. Chigi E VII 207, fol. 257-272v; Vat. Ottob. 1099, fol. 41-54v (without the text of Comp. IV, ends at 5.15.5); Worcester, Cath. F 177, fol. 7-24v;

6. Gloss to the Arbores consanguinitatis et affinitatis, EDITION: A. García y García, Glosas de Juan Teutónico, Vicente Hispano y Dámaso Húngaro a los Arbores Consanguinitatis et Affinitatis', ZRG Kan. Abt. 68 (1982) 163-75.

7. Quaestiones EDITION: (from the fragmentary texts in MS Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2443 and Graz, Universitätsbibl. 138) by G. Fransen, 'A propos des Questions de Jean le Teutonique', BMCL 13 (1983) 43-47. MANUSCRIPTS: Graz, Universitätsbibl. 138, fol. 268v; Klosterneuburg, Stifstbibl. 656, fol. 35-42v; Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2443, fol. 134-35.

8. Consilium EDITION: K. Pennington, 'A "Consilium" of Johannes Teutonicus', Traditio26 (1970) 436-37.

9. Glosses on Super specula, Johannes's authorship for these glosses, signed 'Jo.' in the manuscripts, is less than certain, cf. K. Pennington, Johannis Teutonici Apparatus xii n.3. MANUSCRIPTS: Florence, Bibl. Laurenziana S. Croce V sin. 4, fol. 1r; Lisbon, Bibl. nac. Alcobac. 381, fol. 224.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'Glosas de Juan Teutónico, Vicente Hispano y Dámaso Húngaro a los Arbores Consanguinitatis et Affinitatis', ZRG Kan. Abt. 68 (1982) 153-185. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 93-99, 254, 357, 369-71, 374-81. idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio1 (1943) 291-92, 304-9, 333-36. S. Kuttner, 'Johannes Teutonicus, das vierte Laterankonzil, und die Compilatio quarta', Miscellanea Giovanni Mercati 5 (Studi e Testi 125; Vatican City 1946) 608-34; idem, 'Johannes Teutonicus', Neue deutsche Biographie 10 (1974) 571-73; idem, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools of Law (London 1983) 14. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 343-52. K. Pennington, 'A Study of Johannes Teutonicus's Theories of Church Government and of the Relationship between Church and State, with an Edition of his Apparatus to Compilatio tertia' (Ph.D. Dissertation: Cornell 1972); idem, 'The Manuscripts of Johannes Teutonicus's Apparatus to Compilatio tertia: Considerations on the Stemma', BMCL 4 (1974) 17-31; idem, 'The epitaph of Johannes Teutonicus', BMCL 13 (1983) 61-62; idem, 'Johannes Teutonicus and Papal Legates', AHP 21 (1983) 183-94. S. Stelling-Michaud, Jean le Teutonique', DDC 6 (1957) 120-22. W. Stelzer, 'Johannes Teutonicus', Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters: Verfasserlexikon 4 (1982) 777-83. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 379-88; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 255-56 and passim.
 
 
 
 

John of Kent, an Anglo-Norman canonist of the late twelfth century. J. Goering has suggested his identity with Master John of Kent who in 1204 became chancellor of St. Paul's Cathedral in London, and later (ca. 1213/14)seems to have entered the service of the Archbishop of Canterbury. At any rate, the canonist was still alive after 1215, since John's recently discovered Summa on Penitence (ca. 1212-20) includes several passages invoking the Fourth Lateran Council. Therein, the author reveals a canonist's approach to the topic. Some canonistic quaestiones carrying solutions ascribed to 'Jo. de chent' are further reported in the Quaestiones Londinenses (see ibid.)

TEXTS:1. Summa de penitentia EDITION: None. The prologue and the incipits of book I-III have been printed by J. Goering, BMCL 13 (1983) 22-24, also a list of the rubrics (book I-III), ibid. 29-31 (transcribed from the only known, complete copy in MS London, Brit. Libr. Royal).

MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Emmanuel Coll. 83, fol. 200r-201v, 204r-209v (abbreviated excerpts from book I.24-26); Grenoble, Bibl. Munic. 455, fol. 118-130 (Book III only); London, Brit. Libr., Royal 9 A XIV, fol. 203va-232vb; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 5 A I, fols. 63v-89r (Books I-II only).

2. Quaestiones (see Quaestiones Londinenses) LITERATURE: J. Goering, 'The "Summa de penitentia" of John of Kent', BMCL 18 (1988) 13-31.
 
 
 
 

John of Tynemouth, a prominent canonist of the Anglo-Norman school. His lecturing on Gratian's Decretum is amply reported in a Cambridge manuscript. Several quaestiones of his have also survived in written form. He was also active as a commentator of English decretal collection preceding Compilatio I. All of these materials, which represent reportationes rather than writings of his own, derive from John's teaching during the years 1188-1198, probably at Oxford. After joining the household of the archbishop of Canterbury, around 1199, and a stay at Lincoln (ca. 1206-15) as a canon of the cathedral chapter, he returned to Oxford, in 1215, as an archdeacon. There he died in 1221.

TEXTS: 1. Glosses on the Decretum, EDITION: Select texts are printed from MS Cambridge are printed in Kuttner and Rathbone, Traditio 7 (1949/51) 347-53; and by F. Liotta (1971) 165-67; MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Gonville and Caius Coll. 676.

2. Quaestiones disputatae MANUSCRIPT: London, Brit. Libr. Royal 9 E VII, fols. 191-99; Cf. Stephan Kuttner - E. Rathbone 320 n.39.

3. Glosses on decretal collections; Glosses on the Appendix Concilii Lateranensis (Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1242, fol. 73v-110v); Glosses on the Collectio Francofortana (London, Brit. Libr. Egerton 2901 - set II).

LITERATURE: A. B. Emden, A biographical register of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500 III (Oxford 1959) 1923. P. Landau, 'Studien zur Appendix und den Glossen in frühen systematischen Dekretalensammlungen', BMCL 9 (1979) 19-21; idem, 'Die Glossen der Collectio Cheltenhamensis', BMCL 11 (1981) 23-24, 27-28. S. Kuttner and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 317-21, 324-27, 347-52. S. Kuttner, 'Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the Schools of Canon Law (1140-1234) (London 1983) passim. C. E. Lewis, 'Ricardus Anglicus: A "Familiaris" of Archbishop Hubert Walter', Traditio 22 (1966) 469-71. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 165-67.
 
 
 
 

Laborans, born at an unknown date at Pontormo near Florence, studied in France and received the cardinalate in 1173. Besides several theological treatises, he spent twenty years (1162-82) working on his Compilatio decretorum, which aimed at re-arranging Gratian's Decretum in a more orderly fashion. Gratian's material, plus a minor amount of other legal and biblical (!) texts (with the conciliar statutes of Lateran III [1179] added in the margin), was re-distributed into six books and subdivided into 'partes' and titles. Like Gratian, Laborans presented the single chapters along with his own comment. He also provided cross-references. Although Laborans transformed Gratian into a much better organized text, the Decretum was by this time too well established as to be replaced by the new compilation. In fact, it received no attention at all among contemporaries. Laborans died ca. 1190.

TEXTS:1. Compilatio decretorum EDITION: In preparation by N. Martin. MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Arch. S. Pietro C.110, fol. 1-243v.

2. Theological works EDITION: A. M. Landgraf, Laborantis cardinalis opuscula. Florilegium patristicum 32 (Bonn 1932), based on the same Vatican manuscript.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 267-68. N. Martin, 'Die "Compilatio decretorum" des Kardinal Laborans', Proceedings Berkeley (MIC C-7; Vatican City 1985) 125-39; idem. '"Mare uitreum" (Neapel, Bibl. naz. MS. XII A 27): Eine Quelle der "Compilatio decretorum" des Kardinal Laborans', BMCL 15 (1985) 51-59. R. Naz, 'Laborans', DDC 6 (1957) 297-98. Schulte, QL I 148-49. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 177-179, 369, 396.
 
 
 
 

Lateran III, Council of 1179: Constitutiones (See Appendix Concilii Lateranensis)

LITERATURE: Gérard Fransen, 'Les canonistes et Latran III', Le troisème concile de Latran (1179) Sa place dans l'histoire, communications, présentées a la Table Ronde du CNRS le 26 avril 1980 et réunies par Jean Longère 1982, 33-40.
 
 
 
 

Lateran IV, Council of 1215: Constitutiones

EDITION: by A. García y García (1981).

MANUSCRIPTS: Admont 22, fol. 245v-246r; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 20, fol. 63v-70v; Bordeaux, Bibl. de la Ville 400, final work; Florence, Bibl. Naz. Conv. Soppr. da ordinare: Vallombrosa 36(325), fol. 294ra-307va; Florence, Laurenziana S. Croce IIIsin. 6 p.96; Florence, Laurenziana S.Croce IVsin. 2, fol. 254r(251)-264v(261); Graz, Universitätsbibl. II.138, fol. 233r-246v; Kassel, Landesbibl. Jur. 11; London, Lambeth Palace 139, fol. 168-76; Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell'abbazia 468, fol. 205-222; Rouen 706, fol. 255r-268v.

TEXT: Constitutiones concilii quarti Lateranensis una cum commentariis glossatorum, ed. A. García y García (MIC A-2; Vatican City 1981) 175-272.

LITERATURE: R. Foreville, 'Representation et taxation du clergé au concile du Latran (1215)', Etudes présentées à la Commission internationale pour les Assemblées d'Etats, 21 (XIIe congrès internationale des Sciences hist., Paris/Löwen 1966) 57-74. A. García y García, 'El concilio de Latrán (1215) y sus commentarios', Traditio 14 (1958) 484-502; idem, 'El gobierno de la Iglesia universal en el concilio IV lateranense de 1215', AHC 1 (1969) 50-68; idem, 'La iglesia griega y el concilio IV Lateranense de 1215', Dialogo ecumenico 13 (1978) 121-44. S. Kuttner, 'Johannes Teutonicus, das IV. Laterankonzil und die compilatio IV', Miscellanea Giovanni Mercati 5 (=Studi e Testi 125; Vatican City 1946) 608-34, and 'Retractationes' to this article in S. Kuttner, idem and A. García y García, 'A new eyewitness account on the fourth Lateran council', Traditio 20 (1964) 115-78 and 'Retractationes', to this article in Medieval Councils, 'Retractationes'.
 
 

Laurentius Hispanus, fl. 1200-48, taught canon law at Bologna (c.1200-1214); archdeacon of Orense (1214-1218); bishop of Orense from 1218 to his death in 1248. Laurentius was an important and innovative legal thinker whose writings betray a lively, sarcastic wit. Laurentius wrote two influential works, the Glossa Palatina on Gratian's Decretum, and an apparatus of glosses on Compilatio tertia. Laurentius' glosses from these works were cited occasionally in the Glossa Ordinaria to the Decretum and extensively in the Glossa Ordinaria to the Decretals of Gregory IX, as well as in the works of later canonists. In fact, a revision of Johannes Teutonicus's Glossa Ordinaria on the Decretum, called the 'Laurentiustype', was produced in the mid-thirteenth century which incorporated much material added from Laurentius which Johannes had not used. And at the end of the thirteenth century, the canonist Guido de Baysio incorporated a great deal of Laurentian material into his enormous Decretum-commentary, the Rosarium.

Laurentius also wrote glosses to Compilatio prima which can only be found in the apparatus of Tancred. In addition to these works, Stickler has demonstrated that Paris, B.N. MS lat. 15393 contains an independent reportatio of Laurentius lectures on the Decretum written by someone who heard them.

Laurentius's numerous references to Azo and Bernardus Compostellanus suggest that these two were among his teachers. An early work, a Distinctiones Decretorum, shows the influence of Ricardus Anglicus. Tancred and perhaps Sinnibaldo Fieschi (Innocent IV) were his most important students.

TEXTS:1. Distinctiones decretorum, in Monte Cassino Bibl. Abbaziale 313 pp. 69-84. Laurentius' authorship remains doubtful.

2. Tractatus de penitentia, Laurentius wrote a large number of glosses on the de penitentia many of which he gathered together into a self-standing apparatus. This work circulated commonly with the Glossa Palatina and with other Decretum apparatus. García y García counted over two-hundred and fifty manuscripts containing Laurentius's glosses on the de penitentia. Unfortunately, these collections of glosses do not conform to clear recensions. It may be that a large number of glosses which Laurentius presumably left out of his apparatus or wrote later on were added to it piecemeal by canonists over many years, making for numerous sets of glosses conforming to no apparent development. see García, Laurentius Hispanus.

3. Glossa Palatina, an important apparatus on Gratian's Decretum named for the Vatican manuscript in which it was first identified. The Glossa Palatina, which quotes many glosses from Bernardus Compostellanus, Ricardus, Huguccio, Sylvester and others, was almost certainly compiled by Laurentius. Alfons Stickler produced an intricate argument establishing Laurentius' authorship, the central point of which is that Glossa Palatina, despite the massive number of his glosses which it contains, has no sigla at all for Laurentius, but many sigla for the other canonists that are quoted. Only Laurentius' authorship of the work could account for this.

DATE/PLACE: 1210-18 in Bologna (revised, but never completed)

EDITION: None, although some 30 pages of glosses have been published by Stickler.

MANUSCRIPTS: Glossa Palatina exists in two versions: A. Primitive version: Munich, Clm 28174, Arras 500. B. Standard version: Antwerp, Musée Plantin-Moretus M.13; Boulogne-sur-mer 118; Cambridge, Trinity College O.10.2 [James 1454]; Douai 590; Durham Cathed. C.III.8; Evreux 106; Laon, Bibl. Munic. 476; Perugia, C.M.4; Reims 680; Salzburg, Erzabtei St. Peter a.xii.9; Vatican City, Pal. lat. 658; Vatican City, Reg. lat. 977. A group of manuscripts also exists containing Laurentius's glosses on Decretum which are excerpted from the Glossa Palatina: Charleville 269; Paris, Mazarine 1287; Prague, Nationalmuseum XVII.A.12; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 14; Paris, B.N. lat. 3903; Paris, B.N. lat. 14317; Saint-Omer, Bibl. Municip. 192; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1367.

4. Glosses on Compilatio prima and secunda (See Tancred, Apparatus in Compilationem primam et secundam)

5. Apparatus on Compilatio tertia (1210-16) MANUSCRIPTS: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 55, and Karlsruhe, Landesbibl. Aug. XL, EDITION: Brendan McManus, 'The Ecclesiology of Laurentius Hispanus and his contribution to the Romanization of canon law jurisprudence, with an Edition of Laurentius's Apparatus glossarum in Compilationem tertiam' (Ph.D. Diss. Syracuse University 1991) Part II.

6. Reportatio of Laurentius's lectures on the Decretum MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 15393 (third layer, added onto Alanus's Ius naturale).

LITERATURE: A. García y García, Laurentius Hispanus: Datos biográficos y estudio crítico de sus obras (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1956); idem, 'La Canonística Ibérica (1150-1250) en la investigación reciente', BMCL 11 (1981) 55-56. F. Gillmann, 'Lanfrancus oder Laurentius?', AKKR 109 (1929) 598-664; idem, 'Lanfrancus oder Laurentius? Nachtrag', AKKR 110 (1930) 157-82; idem, Des Laurentius Hispanus Apparat zur Compilatio III auf der Staatlichen Bibliothek zu Bamberg (Mainz 1935); idem, 'Bruchstücke des Laurentius Hispanus Apparats zur Comp. III in der Landesbibliothek zu Kassel', AKKR 117 (1937) 436-52; idem 'Tancreds oder Laurentius Hispanus früherer Apparatus zur Compilatio III in der Staatlichen Bibliothek zu Bamberg', AKKR 120 (1940) 201-24; idem, and E. Rosser, 'Der Prager Codex xvii.A.12 (früher I.B.I) und der Dekreten Apparat des Laurentius Hispanus', AKKR 126 (1953-54) 3-43. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 76-91, 326, 356. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 309-29. B. McManus, 'The Ecclesiology of Laurentius Hispanus and his contribution to the Romanization of canon law jurisprudence, with an Edition of Laurentius's Apparatus glossarum in Compilationem tertiam' (Ph.D. Dissertation: Syracuse University 1991). K.W. Nörr, 'Der Apparat des Laurentius zur Compilatio tertia', Traditio 17 (1961) 542-43. G. Post, 'Additional Glosses of Johannes Galensis and Silvester Hispanus in the Early Tancred or so-called Laurentius Apparatus to Compilatio III', AKKR 119 (1939) 364-75; idem, 'The authorship of the glosses to the Compilatio III in MS lat. 15398, fol. 106-202', AKKR 117 (1937) 418-29; idem, 'The So-called Laurentius Apparatus to the Decretals of Innocent III', The Jurist 2 (1942) 5-31. A.M. Stickler, 'Laurent d'Espagne', DDC 6 (1957) 361-64; idem, 'Il decretista Laurentius Hispanus', Studia Gratiana 9 (1966) 461-549; idem, 'Die Zweigliedrigkeit der Kirchengewalt bei Laurentius Hispanus', Ius Sacrum: Klaus Mörsdorf zum 60. Geburtstag (Munich 1969) 181-206. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 273 n.104, 333-343; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 251-54, 437-40, and passim; idem, 'Die Glossen', SG 26.III 26.
 
 
 
 

Laygonus was a canon of Bologna and Doctor Decretorum in the late 1280's.

TEXTS: 1. Quaestiones, MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 43; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 163.
 
 
 
 

Lecturae decretalium Aurelianenses, contain a series of lecture notes which were taken at Orleans around 1285-87. The materials gathered are largely anonymous, while the remainder attests to the canonistic teaching of several jurists, who are otherwise known only for their civilian works. Martin Bertram has called the compilation the most important testimony to the school of canon law at Orleans.

MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 14328, fol. 58r-115ra.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Kirchenrechtliche Vorlesungen aus Orleans', Francia 2 (1974) 218-33.
 
 
 
 

Liber Anthocrisus, is the title of a versification of Gratian's Decretum. Nothing is known about the author, but the date of composition can be inferred from the fact that the text is preserved in a Montecassino manuscript along with a marginal gloss containing references to the Compilationes antiquae. It was probably composed prior to 1234.

EDITION: None.

MANUSCRIPTS: Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell'abbazia 375, p. 1-174.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some Additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 13.
 
 
 
 

Liber Clementinarum (see Clementines)
 
 
 
 

Liber Extra (See Decretales Gregorii IX)
 
 
 
 

Lyons Council I (1245): Constitutiones (see Innocent IV, Pope: Novellæ Innocentii quarti)
 
 
 
 

Lyons Council II (1274) Constitutiones, promulgated by Pope Gregory X in 1275. At least seven different commentaries were written on this collection of constitutiones and nouellae. The apparatus are: 1. an anonymous commentary with the incipit, 'Hoc dicit quod spiritus sanctus', written by Sept. 1275; 2. Johannes Anguissola de Cesena by 1275; 3. Boatinus of Mantua (late 1277 or later); 4. Franciscus de Albano, by the Spring of 1277; 5. Garsias Hispanus (the Glossa Ordinaria) in 1282; 6. an anonymous commentary with the incipit, 'Gregorius salutem. Si qui erant excommunicati non absoluuntur'; and 7. Guillelmus Durantis, written in 1289 or later. This collection was rendered obsolete by the promulgation in 1298 of the Liber Sextus by Boniface VIII.

TEXTS: See under the various commentaries.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Zur wissenschaflichen Bearbeitung der Konstitutionen Gregors X.', QF 53 (1973) 459-67. L. Boyle, 'The date of the commentary of William Duranti on the constitutions of the second council of Lyons', BMCL 4 (1974) 39-47. S. Kuttner, 'Conciliar law in the Making: The Lyonese constitutions (1274) of Gregory X ...', Miscellanea Pio Paschini (Rome 1949) II 39-81, and 'Retractationes' to this article in S. Kuttner, Medieval Councils, 'Retractationes'.

 

Manducator de Lucca. 
 
 
LITERATURE: Andreas Meyer, 'Manducator von Lucca:  Ein unbekannter Kanonist des frühen 13. Jahrhunderts', QF 76 (1996) 95-124.
 

Manfredus de Arriago, a canonist of the mid-thirteenth century, not of the early fourteenth century as some have thought. According to the prologue of his Tabula decretalium, M. was the Vicar of the Archbishop of Milan.

TEXTS: Tabula decretalium MANUSCRIPTS: Basel, Universitätsbibl. C.III.34; Florence, Laur. S. Croce I sin. 7, fol. 1r-29r; Milan, Bibl. Ambros. F.136 ?; Paris, B.N. lat. 4604, fol. 29r-44r; Saint Gall, stiftsbibl. 745, pp. 29-46; Saint-Omer, Bibl. Municip. 513; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2216; lat. 2210, fol. 20-96)

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Aus kanonistischen der Periode 1234 bis 1298', Proceedings Toronto(MIC C-5; Vatican City 1976) 27-44, at 42-43. R. Naz, 'Manfredus de Arriago ou de Arzayo', DDC 6 (1957) 719. Schulte, QL II 230.
 
 
 
 

Marcoaldus (Marquard von Ried, M. de Padua, Marcoardus Teutonicus), magister decretorum at the University of Padua, ca. 1226-36, later provost of the collegiate chapter Mattsee (1240). Around 1229, Marcoaldus composed a metric praise of Frederick II, which showed that he was strongly in favor of the imperial cause in its contest with the papacy. At the same time, the poem attest to Marcoaldus' expertise in canon law through its skillful use of legal terminology. That he was a renowned canonist is further suggested by the fact that the copies of Compilatio V sent by Pope Honorius III to Padua in 1226 were addressed to 'Magistro Marcoaldo et universibus scholaribus Padue commorantibus.' In fact, glosses of Marcoaldus on Compilatio survive in two manuscripts.

TEXTS:1. Glosses on Compilatio IV MANUSCRIPTS: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 22; Cordoba, Bibl. Cabildo 10.

2. Elogium on Emperor Frederik II EDITION: MGH SS 9.624-25.

LITERATURE: K. Pennington, 'The Making of a Decretal Collection: The Genesis of Compilatio tertia' (MIC C-6; Vatican City 1980) 77 n.27; W. Stelzer, 'Österreichische Kanonisten des 13. Jahrhunderts', ÖAKR 30 (1979) 78-80.
 
 
 
 

Margarita utriusque iuris, a florilegium of French origin, compiled prior to Lateran IV (1215).

MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 22272, fol. 117r-122v; Zurich, Zentralbibl. C.80, fol. 55r062v.

LITERATURE: A. Stickler, 'Iter Helveticum', Traditio 14 (1958) 477-78; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 266 n.
 
 
 
 

Marriage Tract: 'Ardua temptantes sub metrica iura medulliam...'

AUTHOR: Altmann of St. Florian

DATE/PLACE: c.1205

MANUSCRIPTS: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 48, fol. 23-24v; Kremsmünster 1, fol. 429-40; Vienna, ÖNB 2221, fol. 45r-55v.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Kanonistische Ehetraktate aus dem 12. Jahrhundert', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 59-79 at 74-75.
 
 
 
 

Marriage Tract: 'Christiane legis auctoritatem et catholice fidei religionem...'

AUTHOR: Unknown

DATE/PLACE:

MANUSCRIPTS: Tours 85, fol. 187r-196v

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Kanonistische Ehetraktate aus dem 12. Jahrhundert', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 59-79 at 75-77.
 
 
 
 

Marriage Tract: De coniugio: 'Cum alia sacramenta...'

AUTHOR: Unknown

DATE/PLACE:

MANUSCRIPTS: Vienna, ÖNB 1180, fol. 167va-177vb

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Kanonistische Ehetraktate aus dem 12. Jahrhundert', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 59-79 at 63.
 
 
 
 

Marriage Tract: De matrimonio tractaturis

AUTHOR:

DATE/PLACE:

MANUSCRIPTS: Troyes 990, fol. 121rb-122vb

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Kanonistische Ehetraktate aus dem 12. Jahrhundert', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 59-79 at 77-78.
 
 
 
 

Marriage Tract: De ortu coniugii: 'Sacramentum coniugii non ab homine...'

AUTHOR:

DATE/PLACE:

MANUSCRIPTS: Stuttgart, HB VI 63, fol. 43-49

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Kanonistische Ehetraktate aus dem 12. Jahrhundert', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 59-79 at 64-69.
 
 
 
 

Marriage Tract: In primis hominibus fuit coniugium, a twelfth century treatise on Marriage, the second half of this work is strongly canonistic.

AUTHOR:

DATE/PLACE:

MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 22307, fol. 125r-140r; Clm 4631, fol. 155r-167r; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11 B.XIII, fol. 83va-89va; Paris, B.N. lat. 18108, fol. 160ra-169vb; Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal 388, fol. 75r-78r; Pisa, Seminario 53, fol. 54ra-59vb.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Kanonistische Ehetraktate aus dem 12. Jahrhundert', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 59-79 at 59-62.
 
 
 
 

Marriage Tract: 'Matrimonium est uiri mulierisque coniunctio...'

AUTHOR:

DATE/PLACE:

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Lambeth Palace 139, fol. 101r-108r.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Kanonistische Ehetraktate aus dem 12. Jahrhundert', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 59-79 at 62-63.
 
 
 
 

Marriage Tract: 'Matrimonium initiatum, consummatum et ratum...'is this an incipit ?? 

AUTHOR: Vacarius

DATE/PLACE:

MANUSCRIPTS:

LITERATURE: F.W. Maitland, 'Magistri Vacarii Summa de Matrimonio', Law Quarterly Review13 (1897) 133-43 (Introduction) and 270-87 (Text). R. Weigand, 'Kanonistische Ehetraktate aus dem 12. Jahrhundert', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 59-79 at 73-74.
 
 
 
 

Marriage Tract: 'Pertractis aliis sacramentis...'

AUTHOR:

DATE/PLACE:

MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 3525, fol. 36r-40r.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Kanonistische Ehetraktate aus dem 12. Jahrhundert', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 59-79 at 78-79.
 
 
 
 

Marriage Tract: 'Secularium negotiorum iudex...', twelfth century marriage tract (post 1160). substantial parts are copied from another such tract, Videndum est quid sit matromonium, and the Summa Decreti of Etienne de Tournai.

AUTHOR:

DATE/PLACE:

MANUSCRIPT: Zürich C.97.II, fol. 76-81

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Kanonistische Ehetraktat aus dem 12. Jahrhundert', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 59-79 at 71-2.
 
 
 
 

Marriage Tract: Summula de consanguinitate et affinitate: 'Quoniam consanguinitas...'

AUTHOR:

DATE/PLACE:

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 17, fol. 179-180; Munich, Clm 16084, fol. 32-33.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Kanonistische Ehetraktate aus dem 12. Jahrhundert', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 59-79 at 72-73.
 
 

Marriage Tract: 'Videndum est quid sit matrimonium uberliefert...'

AUTHOR:

DATE/PLACE:

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Patr. 18, fol. 239-42; Berlin, Savigny 14, fol. 93-96, 105-110; Munich, Clm 16084, fol. 29-31; Valenciennes 193, fol. 108-111.

LITERATURE: R. Weigand, 'Kanonistische Ehetraktate aus dem 12. Jahrhundert', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 59-79 at 69-71.
 
 
 
 

Marsilius Mantighellius appears as a Bolognese notary in 1263. In 1273, he was a Doctor decretorum. He was a teacher of Johannes Andreae. Marsilius left Quaestiones, some of which were adapted by Johannes Andreae in his Quaestiones mercuriales. Marsilius died between 1299 and 1301.

TEXTS: 1. Quaestiones, MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 48; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853; Wroclaw, Univ. II.F.53.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 166
 
 
 
 

Martinus de Fano was a student of Azo, the Bolognese civilian. He appears as a law professor at Arezzo in 1255, and years later at Modena. After two appointments as the podestà of Genoa, he joined the Dominican order. He died in 1275. Besides his civilian works, he also produced some treatises on canonical doctrine.

TEXTS:1. Notabilia super decreto

2. Notabilia decretalium MANUSCRIPTS: Basel, Universitätsbibl. C.v.14.

3. Ordo iudiciarius EDITION: L. Wahrmund, Quellen zur Geschichte des römisch-kanonischen Processes I (Innsbruck 1905).

4. De brachio implorando per iudices ecclesiasticos EDITION: Tractatus universi iuris XI.2 (Venice 1587), fol. 409 ff.

LITERATURE: R. Naz, 'Martin de Fano', DDC 6 (1957) 836-37; Schulte, QL II 138-39.
 
 
 
 

Martinus Hispanus appears as a professor of canon law in Bologna between 1274 and 1298.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 174.
 
 
 
 

Martinus Zamorensis (Martin Arias?), bishop of Zamora 1193-1217 (according to A. García y García). His performance as the chief administrator of the bishopric seems to have met with severe criticism, including that of Innocent III in a letter of 1198 (Register 1.58). But on the same occasion, Innocent praised him as an 'expert in civil as well as in canon law'. Several of the glosses he wrote while teaching at Bologna have survived in the manuscripts, and some of his opnions are reported in the Glossa Palatina. Stephan Kuttner has further found glosses and notabilia signed by 'mar.' in a copy of Compilatio IV. If they were Martin's, this would prolong his teaching career at least until 1216. Stephan Kuttner therefore has suggested his identity with Martinus Roderici, Arias's successor at Zamora (1217-38).

TEXTS:1. Glosses on Decretum MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1367; see also Glossa Palatina.

2. Glosses on Compilatio prima MANUSCRIPT: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349 (set II).

3. Glosses on Compilatio quarta MANUSCRIPT: Olomouc, Metrop. Chapter 589 (set III).

4. Notabilia on Compilatio quarta MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. de la Ville 374, fol. 21v-24v (ends at 4 Comp. 3.7.1), Olomouc, Metrop. Chapter 589, fol. 249-79.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'La Canonística Ibérica (1150-1250) en la investigación reciente', BMCL 11 (1981) 54. F. Gillmann, AKKR 108 (1928) 527; idem, Des Johannes Galensis Apparat zur Compilatio III in der UB Erlangen (Cod. 349). Mit einem Anhang: Zur Inventarisierung der kanonistischen Handschriften aus der Zeit von Gratian bis Gregor IX (Mainz 1938) 80-82; idem, 'Petrus Brito und Martinus Zamorensis', AKKR 120 (1940) 63-64. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 53, 414; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 335 n.23-24. R. Weigand, 'Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio 16 (1960) 558-60.
 
 
 
 

Materia auctoris in hoc opere, a French apparatus on Compilatio prima which draws heavily from the work of Ricardus Anglicus (ca. 1200).

MANUSCRIPTS: Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 162, fol. 1-48v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 392; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio1 (1943) 313 n.22, 323 n.18. R. Weigand, 'Neue Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio 21 (1965) 488.
 
 
 
 

'Matrimonium est uiri mulierisque coniunctio...' (see under Marriage Tract)
 
 
 
 
 
 

'Matrimonium initiatum, consummatum und ratum...' (see under Marriage Tract)
 
 
 
 

Melendus (Merandus) Hispanus (fl.1190-1215), taught canon law at Bologna and Vicenza (ca. 1209), before he became bishop of Burgo de Osma (1210-25). Composed glosses on Gratian's Decretum and Compilatio prima. Most of his teachings, however, are reported indirectly in contemporary gloss-apparatuses such as the Glossa Palatina, Ius naturale, and the Glossa Ordinariaon the Decretum.

TEXTS:1. Glosses on the Decretum MANUSCRIPTS: Cividale, Museo 96 (set I); Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal 677 (set III); Vatican, Arch. S. Pietro A.27 (set I); see also Glossa Palatina.

2. Glosses on Compilatio prima MANUSCRIPTS: see Vincentius, Glosses on Compilatio I

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'La Canonística Ibérica (1150-1250) en la investigación reciente', BMCL 11 (1981) 54. F. Gillmann, Zur Inventarisierung 57. S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 301-303. Schulte, QL I 151. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 283-86.
 
 
 
 

Metellus, one of the earliest Bolognese decretists and contemporary of Rolandus. His name appears once in the Fragmentum Cantabrigiense (after 1148). R. Weigand further has associated the collection of Quaestiones in a manuscript from Munich with Metellus.

TEXTS: Opinions of Metellus are reported in the Fragmentum Cantabrigiense, in questio 29 of the Quaestiones Stuttgardiensis, and in MS Munich, Clm 3525, fol. 40r-50v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 129 n.2, Traditio 7 (1949/51) 293. R. Weigand, 'Quaestionen aus der Schule des Rolandus und des Metellus', AKKR 138 (1969) 82-94, cf. Traditio25 (1969) 517.
 
 
 
 

Militant siquidem patroni, French apparatus on Comp. I, written ca. 1207-10.

MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. Munic. 375 (fragmentary); Arras, Bibl. Munic. 956, fol. 1r-5v, 22v-26r (fragmentary); Douai, Bibl. Municip. 595; Epinal, Bibl. Munic. 72 (fragmentary); Paris, B.N. lat. 9632; Trier, Stadtbibl. 876, fol. 1-21, 32-82; Troyes, Bibl. Municip. 385, fol. 2r-99v (first layer); Vlotho on Weser, Private collection of Alexander Dolezalek (fragment covering 1 Comp 3.33.23 - 3.34.1, 4.2.6 -4.2.14);

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 326. G. Dolezalek, 'Another fragment of the Apparatus "Militant siquidem patroni",' BMCL 5 (1975) 130-32. G. Fransen, 'Trente ans de recherches dans les manuscrits du droit canonique', L'Année canonique 12 (1968) 31-47; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici nel diritto canonico classico (Milan 1971) 271-78; A. Stickler, LThK 5 (1960) 1294. E. Vodola, 'Legal precision in the Decretist Period', BMCL 6 (1976) 55-59, 61. R. Weigand, 'Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio 16 (1960) 560; idem, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 325-29. Anne Lefebvre-Teillard, ‘D’oltralpe": Observations sur l’apparat Militant siquidem patroni,’ Amicitiae pignus: Studi in ricordo di Adriano Cavanna, ed. Antonio Padoa Schioppa, Gigliola di Renzo Villata, and Gian Paolo Massetto (Milan: GiuffrP Editore, 2003) 2.1311-1335.
 
 
 
 

Monaldus of Capo d'Istria (d.1285), a Franciscan and author of a penitential Summa which he completed before 1274. The work borrowed much from the Summa of Raymond of Penyafort and the writings of Henricus de Segusia (Hostiensis), but introduced a new method in presenting the material. Instead of the logical order that had been adopted by the older writers, Monaldus resorted to an alphabetical arrangement. In this, he was to be followed by most of the later penitential authors.

TEXTS:1. Summa de iure canonico EDITION: Lyons 1516; LITERATURE: P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 42; J. Sbaralea, Supplementum ad scriptores trium ordinum S. Francisci 2 (Rome 1921) 261-62; Schulte, QL II 414-18.
 
 

Nicholas III, Pope, (Giovanni Gaetano) 1277-1280.

LITERATURE: G. Barone, 'Nikolaus III.' LMA  6 (1999) 1170-1171. 
 
 
 

Nicholas de Aquila (de l'Aigle), dean of Chichester (ca. 1197-1217), probably taught canon law at Oxford during the 1190's, alongside with John of Tynemouth and Simon of Southwell.

TEXTS: Opinions of Nicholaus form the core of the Quaestiones Londinenses. A gloss signed 'N. de Aqi.' from the Decretum manuscript in Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College 676, fol. 129va, has been printed in Traditio 7 (1949/51) 347.

LITERATURE: A. B. Emden, A biographical register of the Uinversity of Oxford to A. D. 1500 I (Oxford 1957) 571. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 252. idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 317, 320, 325, 347.
 
 
 
 

Nicola Malombra

LITERATURE: M. Bellomo, in Studi Gualazzini.
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Ad instantiam quorundam, a collection based on Gratian's Decretum, written at Bologna prior to Lateran IV (1215).

MANUSCRIPTS: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 975, fol. 219-233v; Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud. misc. 646, fol. 184-187v (emds at D.79 c.8); Paris, B.N. lat. 4288, fol. 77-138; Paris, B.N. lat. 14320, fol. 76-97v; Paris, Mazarine 1041, fol. 97-120v (ends at C.33 q.3); Worcester, Cath. F 159, fol. 153-76v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 237-39.
 
 
 

Notabilia Ad notitiam contrariorum (before 1234), according to Stephan Kuttner a brief compilation not referring to any canonistic textbook in particular. After a more careful examination of the work Kuttner concluded that it rather belonged to new literary genre listing references for the solution of contraria. Hence it should better be entitled De modis solvendi contraria.

MANUSCRIPTS: Troyes, Bibl. Municip. 936, fol. 117va-119rb; Worcester, Cath. F 159, fol. 185r-v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 415, idem; 'Emendationes et notae variae', Traditio 22 (1966) 478-79.
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Argumentum contra religiosi, a 12th-century collection related to, but distinct from the Notabilia Argumentum quod religiosi.

MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. 287, fol. 10r-v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 236-37
 
 

Notabilia Argumentum quod religiosi, based on the Decretum and composed by an anonymous 12th-century author who also wrote the Summula de presumptionibus, otherwise known as the Perpendiculum.

MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Pembroke Coll. 101, fol. 56-61v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 236; idem, 'Réflexions sur les brocards des glossateurs', Mélanges Joseph de Ghellinck, S.J. II (Gembloux 1951) 775, 778, 788.
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Argumentum a minori, a collection of legal arguments drawn mostly from the Decretum(after 1185). The Repertorium der Kanonistik lists the work under 'Notabilia', but later research has shown that it largely consists of brocardica.

MANUSCRIPTS: Fulda, Landesbibl. D.10, fol. 82-87v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 235; idem, 'Retractationes IX', Gratian and the Schools(London 1983) 41; K. W. Nörr, Zur Stellung des Richters im gelehrten Prozess der Frühzeit (Munich1967) 51 n.2; P. Weimar, 'Argumenta brocardica', SG 14 (1967) 122.
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Clericus apud civilem, a collection loosely following the Decretum and probably of English origin (ca.1170-80?).

MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Sidney Sussex Coll. 101; Durham, Cathedral C IV 1, fol. 60v-62.

LITERATURE: Stephan Kuttner, Repertorium 234; idem and E. Rathbone,

'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 294.
 
 
 
 

Notabilia De excommunicatione et penitentia, a monograph listing legal principles drawn from the Decretum.

MANUSCRIPTS: Durham, Cathedral V III 3, fol. 140v-144vb; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11 B II, fol. 92-96v.

LITERATURE: P. Legendre, 'Miscellanea Britannica', Traditio 15 (1959) 494 n.11. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 240-41.
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Delicto coram iudice manifestato (see Distinctio Delicto coram iudice manifestato)
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Gregorius: Qui multum (nimium) emungit (on the Decretum), of perhaps English origin (late 12th century).

MANUSCRIPTS: Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 162, fol. 70-72v. Other works, not perhaps the same, begin with Prov. 30.33: Utrecht, Univ. 3.B.2; Paris, B.N. lat. 4288, fol. 146v-152v; Bruges, Grand Séminaire 45-144, fol. 191rb-197va; Colmar, Bibl. de la Villa, 509, fol. 85v ff; London, Brit. Libr. Addit. 18325, fol. 13-17v.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some Additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 11. S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 323 n.18; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 337; S. Kuttner, 'Retractiones', Gratian and the Schools of law (1140-1234) (London 1983) 36.
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Monacensia, offer a fragmentary summary of the conciliar constitutions of Lyons 1274 in their original form.

EDITION: The first few chapters have been edited by J. F. v. Schulte, SB Vienna 55 (1867) 781.

MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 213, fol. 128v (breaks off in c.10).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Conciliar Law in the Making: The Lyonese Constitutions of Gregory X in a Manuscript at Washington', Lateranum 15 (1949) 46 n.32, reprinted in idem, Medieval councils, decretals, and collections of canon law (London 1980) XII.
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Non valet rescriptum (on the Collectio Gilberti)

MANUSCRIPTS: Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 162, fol. 48v-49v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 323 n.18
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Nota argumentum quod aliter (see Martinus Zamorensis, Notabilia on Compilatio IV.)
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Nota firmiter, on the Compilatio IV.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal 394, fol. 125-37.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 414.
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Nota mulieribus, on Compilatio I, were composed after 1210 and show a dependence on the teachings of Laurentius.

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 91, fol. 73-84v (ends at 1 Comp. 5.2.1); Vienna, ÖNB 2080, fol. 134v-138v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 408-409; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 345-46.
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Nota non secundum faciem, on Compilatio I.

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal 394, fol. 54v-62v (ends at 1 Comp. 3.27.11.)

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 409.
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Nota per exteriora deprehendi, on Compilatio I, compiled after 1210.

MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. 249, fol. 56ra-60vb; Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud. misc. 646, fol. 56-62; Paris, B.N. lat. 14320, fol. 127-34; Paris, B.N. lat. 17530, fol. 44v-50; Florence, Bibl. Nazionale Vallombrosa 38, fol. 164ra-169vb; Worcester, Cath. F 159, fol. 62-65v.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some Additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 11. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 409. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 360; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 246-47.
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Nota quod istud proemium, on Compilatio I.

MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. de la Ville 374, fol. 1-; Kaliningrad (Königsberg), formerly Stadtbibl. 17, fol. 13-24v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 410.
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Potius videndum est. Arranged according to titles, the collections treats material from the Compilationes I-III without distinction.

MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Bibl. Apost. Borgh. 261, fol. 111-121v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 410-11
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Qui nimium emungit, see Notabilia Gregorius qui multum nimium emungit
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Qui occasionem (see Perpendiculum)
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Quoniam quasi impossibile est, in the order of the Decretum and, according to Schulte, written after 1234.

EDITION: Prologue printed by Schulte, QL II 491.

MANUSCRIPTS: Florence, Bibl. Laurenziana S. Croce XXXIV sin 3.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 239. Schulte, QL II 491.
 
 
 
 

Notabilia Tria sunt, based on the Decretum.

MANUSCRIPTS: Rome, Bibl. Casanatense 1105, fol. 197-98.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 235.
 
 
 
 

Notabilium fragmenta Borghesiana, selected from the Decretum.

MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. 261, fol. 129-134v (begins with C.1 q.1 p.c.43).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 237.
 
 
 
 

Notula super libello de significatione verborum (see Summa Antiquitate et tempore)
 
 
 
 

Odo of Dover (de Doura), author of a French Summa on Gratian's Decretum, which in many respects rather resembles an abbreviation. This may explain the title Decreta minora, given to it in the only surviving manuscript. Formal similarities with the Summa Coloniensis suggest that Odo composed his work around 1170. At any rate, it is later than the Summa of Stephan of Tournay (c. 1165/66), which Odo already knew.

TEXT: Decreta minora MANUSCRIPTS: London, British Museum Cotton Vitell. A III, fol. 111-128v (heavily damaged, containing the commentary on D.1-45 and C.1 q.1 c.108 -C.36 only)

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 172-77; idem, 'Sur les origines du terme "droit positif",' Revue historique de droit francais et étranger 15 (1936) 730-31; idem and Eleanor Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 293. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 71-73. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 160-63 and passim.
 
 
 
 

Odon de Cheriton, an English master of theology and contemporary of Robert of Flamborough (ca. 1200) who wrote a work on penance.

TEXT:1. Poenitentiale MANUSCRIPTS: Avignon, Bibl. Munic. 279; Escorial, O.II.7; Paris, B.N. lat. 12418 and lat. 16506; Vatican, Bibl. Ap. 1042.

LITERATURE: A. Teetaert, 'Quelques "Summae de Poenitentia" anonymes dans la Bibliothèque Nationale de Paris', Miscellanea Mercati 2 (Vatican City 1946) 326-29; Schulte, QL II 531.
 
 
 
 

Omnebene (Omnibonus), as attested by a letter of Pope Eugene (d.1153), Omnebene was one of the earliest decretists at Bologna. In 1157, he left his teaching position to receive the bishopric of Verona, where he died in 1185. As a canonist, he composed an Abbreviatio decreti, which differs remarkably from the subdivisions usually applied to Gratian's work. This has led some scholars to believe that he wrote his text at a time when the Decretum had not yet received its definitive shape. Some Scholars have suggested a date between 1147 and 1155, while others prefer 1156, the year once referred to by the Abbreviatio itself. Most recently, Rudolf Weigand has supported the latter date with considerable internal evidence.

TEXTS:1. Abbreviatio decreti MANUSCRIPTS: Cambrai, Bibl. communale 602; Frankfurt/M., Stadtbibl. 68 (with glosses); Kaliningrad (Königsberg), Univ. Libr. 32 (with glosses); Köln, Stadtarchiv. W folio 248, fol. 1-178 (with glosses); London, Brit. Libr. Royal 10 C IV, fol. 1-136 (with glosses); Oxford, Bodleian Library Tanner 8, fol. 1-299; Paris, B.N. lat. 3886 (with glosses); Troyes, Bibl. Municip. 44 (with glosses); Vatican City, Vat. Reg. lat. 1039.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some Additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 12. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 259-60; idem, 'Additional Notes on the Roman Law in Gratian', Seminar 12 (1954) 69. J. Rambaud-Buhot, 'Les divers types d'abrégés de Gratien: De la table au commentaire', Recueil de travaux offert à M. Clovis Brunel (Paris 1955) 406-408; idem, 'L'Abbreviatio decreti d'Omnebene', Proceedings Berkeley (MIC C-7; Vatican City 1985) 93-107. Schulte, QL I 119-21, 250-51; J. F. v. Schulte, De decreto ab Omnibono abbreviato (Bonn 1892) 3-19; A. Vetulani - W. Uruszczak, 'L'oeuvre d'Omnebene dans le MS 602 de la bibliothèque municipale de Cambrai', Proceedings Toronto (MIC C-5; Vatican City 1976) 11-26; R. Weigand, 'Die frühen kanonistischen Schulen und die Dekretetabbreviatio Omnebenes', AKKR 155 (1986) 79-91; R. Weigand, 'Die Dekret-Abbreviatio Omnebenes und ihre Glossen', ed. W. Schulz Recht als Heilsdienst. Mathias Kaiser zum 65. Geburtstag gewidmet (Paderborn 1989) 271-87.

.
 
 

Opizo de Castello is mentioned as a teacher of canon law at Bologna between 1267 and 1292.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 174.
 
 
 
 

Ordinaturus Magister, an important apparatus on the Decretum of Gratian which was composed and used in the Bolognese law-school. Ordinaturus magister was what passed for the 'Ordinary gloss', until it was superseded by the gloss of Johannes Teutonicus (1215). The influence of this apparatus extended to the Glossa Palatina (1210-15) and to Johannes's gloss itself. Ordinaturus magister was probably not composed by a single author, but rather represents the outcome of a collective effort at the Bolognese schools. Rudolf Weigand has argued that Huguccio and his followers exerted a decisive influence on the first recension (ca. 1180), and were also largely responsible for its revision towards the close of the 1180's.

EDITION: None, although in his several books and articles, Rudolf Weigand has published extensive excerpts.

MANUSCRIPTS: It is doubtful that any manuscript contains Ordinaturus magister in a complete form. Rudolf Weigand considers  Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 342 as the best representative of the first recension, Munich, Clm 10244 (to be consulted along with a Jena manuscript), as the fullest copy of the second recension. The remaining copies have had more or less of the apparatus erased, as is typical of a text being constantly reshaped. All in all, Weigand associates ca. 16 manuscripts with the first, and ca. 5 manuscripts with the second version of Ordinaturus Magister. There are another twenty copies which contain parts of the apparatus. However, Weigand never published a comprehensive list of them.

1. First recension: Arras, Bibl. Munic. 500 (first layer); Cambrai, Bibl. communale 646 (first layer); Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 342 (second layer); Graz, Universitätsbibl. III.80 (first layer); Lilienfeld, Stiftsbibl. 222 (first layer, from D.50 onwards); Munich, Clm 28175 (first layer); Paris, Bibl. Mazarine 1287 (1st layer, very fragmentary); Paris, Ste. Geneviève 342 (first layer); Prague, National Museum XVII.A.12; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2494 (second layer); Vatican City, Pal lat. 622; Vatican City, Chis E.VII 206 (contains glosses from both the first and the second recension); Washington, D.C., Cath. Univ. 186.

2. Second recension: Arras, Bibl. Munic. 500 (second/third layer); Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 13 (first layer); Can. 14 (second layer); Bernkastel-Kues, Sankt-Nikolaus-Hospital, 0Cusanus-Stiftsbibl. 223 (first layer); Bratislava, Bibl. Cap. 14 (first layer); Cambrai, Bibl. communale 646 (third layer); Cividale, Museo 96 (third layer); Cracow, Universitätsbibl. Jag. 357 (2nd layer, fairly complete); Florence, Bibl. Laurenziana, Aedil., Flor. Eccl. 96 (first layer, remnants); Florence, Bibl. Laurenziana, St. Croce IV sin. I; Gniezno, Bibl. Cap. Metrop. 28 (third layer, almost complete in part I of the Decretum); Hereford, Cathed. Libr. P VII 3 (first layer); Jena, Universitätsbibl. El., fol. 56 (single layer); Kremsmünster, Stiftsbibl. 364 (first layer, remnants); Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. Haenel 18 (first layer); Madrid, Bibl. Nacional 251 (secnd layer); Melk, Stiftsbibl. 259 (first layer, remnants); Melk, Stiftsbibl. 261 (first layer, remnants); Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell'abbazia 66 (second layer); Munich, Clm 10244 (single layer, does not cover the latter part of De cons.); Munich, Clm 28174 (first layer, rather incomplete); Munich, Clm 27337 (first layer); Naples, Bibl. Naz. XII A 5 (first/second layers, complete from C.27 onwards); Naples, Bibl. Naz. XII A 9 (first layer, especially rich for De cons.); Oxford, Bodleian Library, Lyell 41; Paris, B.N. lat. 15393 (first layer); Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal 677 (third layer, remnants); Prague, Bibl. Cap. Met. I 19 (single layer); Reims, Bibl. de la Ville 676 (third layer); Rome, Bibl. Angelica 1270 (third layer); Salzburg, St. Peter's Archabbey a.XII.9 (first layer, especially rich in part I); Toledo, Bibl. Cap. 4.5 (first layer, beginning at C.15); Vendôme, Bibl. Munic. 88 (first layer); Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 625 (second layer, remnants); Vat. Ross. lat. 595 (first layer); Wolfenbüttel, Landesbibl. Helmst. 33 (second layer, with a revised version of the Ordinaturus for C.1-C.26; the pure version appears from C.27 onwards);

LITERATURE: J. Kejr, 'La genèse de l'apparat "Ordinaturus" au Décret de Gratien', Proceedings Boston (MIC C-1; Vatican City 1965) 45-53; idem, 'Apparat au Décret de Gratien "Ordinaturus": source de la "Summa decretorum" de Huguccio', (Collectanea Stephan Kuttner II) SG 12 (1967) 143-64; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 105-114; A. Stickler, 'Zur Entstehungsgeschichte und Verbreitung des Dekretapparats "Ordinaturus Magister Gratianus",' (Collectanea Stephan Kuttner II) SG 12 (1967) 111-41. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus(Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 415-16, 467-68, and passim; idem, 'Welcher Glossenapparat zum Dekret ist der erste?', AKKR 139 (1970) 459-81; idem, 'Der erste Glossenapparat zum Dekret: "Ordinaturus Magister",' BMCL 1 (1971) 31-41; idem, 'Die Glossen des Cardinalis (Magister Hubald?) zum Dekret Gratians, besonders zu C.27 q.2', BMCL 3 (1973) 73-95; idem, 'Frühe Glossen zu D.12 cc.1-6 des Dekrets Gratians', BMCL 5 (1975) 35-51; idem, 'Bazianus- und B.-Glossen zum Dekret Gratians', (Melanges Gerard Fransen II) SG 20 (1976) 453-96; idem, 'Gandulphusglossen zum Dekret Gratians', BMCL 7 (1977) 15-48; idem, 'Frühe Glossen zu D.11 pr.-c.6 des Dekrets Gratians', ZRG Kan. Abt. 64 (1978) 73-94; idem, 'Zur Handschriftenliste des Glossenapparats "Ordinaturus Magister",' BMCL 8 (1978) 41-47; idem, 'Frühe Glossenkompositionen zum Dekret Gratians und der Apparat "Ordinaturus Magister",' Proceedings Berkeley (MIC C-7; Vatican City 1985) 29-29-39; idem, 'Huguccio und der Glossenapparat Ordinaturus Magister', AKKR 154 (1985) 490-520; idem, 'Die anglo-normannische Kanonistik in den letzten Jahrzehnten des 12. Jarhhunderts', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 249-263; idem, 'Die Glossen des Johannes Faventinus zur Causa 1 des Dekrets und ihr Vorkommen in späteren Glossenapparaten', AKKR 157 (1988) 73-107; idem, 'Die Glossen zum Dekret Gratians: Studien zu den frühen Glossen und Glossenkompositionen', SG 25 (1991) ch.9 (forthcoming).
 
 
 
 

Paucapalea, a pupil of Gratian and the author of the first commentary on the Decretum, written ca. 1146-50. Besides, Paucapalea produced a small number of single glosses on Gratian's work. He is also said to have been responsible for the final arrangement of Pars I and III of the Decretum, which he subdivided into distinctiones. Another notice making him chiefly responsible for the inclusion of paleae has not found general acceptance among the scholars, though it is known that P. was responsible for some of the Paleae. Of Paucapalea's life we know nothing.

TEXTS:1. Summa decretorum EDITION: J. F. v. Schulte, Die Summa des Paucapalea über das Decretum Gratiani (Giessen 1890); MANUSCRIPTS: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 389; Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 462, fol. 91-130; Cambridge, Univ. Libr. Addit. 3321.2, fol. 1-14 (covering C.13 q.2 c.19 to the end); Carpentras, Bibl. Munic. 170, fol. 1-36v; Chartres, Bibl. Municip. 169, fol. 69v-75; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 1416 (without part I); Grenoble, Bibl. Munic. 627; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11 B. II, fol. 1-46; Metz, Bibl. Munic. 250; Munich, Clm 15819; Munich, Clm 18467, fol. 70-119; Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal 93, fol. 161-202; Stuttgart, Landesbibl. Jur. 62, fol. 72-119; Stuttgart, Landesbibl. Jur. 63, fol. 35-42 (ends at C.3 q.3 c.2); Troyes, Bibl. Municip. 695, fol. 1-24v; Vienna, ÖNB 570; Vienna, ÖNB 2220; Worcester, Cath. Q.70, fol. 97-173.

2. Glosses, most of them were taken from his Summa, although a few trace back to an earlier stage of Paucapalea's teaching. For details, see R. Weigand, AKKR 150 (1981) 137-57.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 125-27; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 280 n.9; idem, Traditio 15 (1959) 452; idem, 'A Forgotten Definition of Justice', SG 20 (1976) 79-83; idem, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools of Law (London 1980) 10; T. P. McLaughlin, 'Paucapalea', NCE 7 (1967) 111; J. T. Noonan, 'The True Paucapalea?', Proceedings Salamanca (MIC C, 6; Vatican City 1980) 157-86; R. Naz, 'Paucapalea ou Pocapaglia', DDC 6 (1957) 1268-69; Schulte, QL I 109-114. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 101-06; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien 3,. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 140-41; idem, 'Paucapalea und die frühe Kanonistik', AKKR 150 (1981) 137-57; idem, 'Frühe Kanonisten und ihre Karriere in der Kirche', ZRG Kan. Abt. 76 (1990) 136; idem, 'Die Glossen', SG 26 III.1.
 
 
 
 

Paulus Ungarus, author of two influential collections of Notabilia on the Compilationes II and III. After a teaching career at Bologna (since 1219 at least), he entered the Dominican order in 1221, to become a celebrity as a preacher. In this capacity, he wrote a widely known Summa de penitentia(ca.1220-21) and was sent by the Dominicans as a missionary to Hungary (1221) and beyond. He died in 1242. A minority of scholars (e.g. H. Weiseweiler) has questioned the identity of the canonist and the Dominican.

TEXTS:1. Notabilia Nota quod non possumus (on Comp. II) MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. Munic. 374, fol. 10v-14; Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 249, fol. 60v-64; Florence, Bibl. nazionale Conv. soppr. da ordinare: Vallombrosa 38, fol. 170ra-173vb; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 975, fol. 209-11; Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud. misc. 646, fol. 62-65v; Paris, B.N. lat. 14320, fol. 134v-140; Paris, B.N. lat. 17530, fol. 50-53v; Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. 261, fol. 76-80; Worcester, Cath. F. 159, fol. 17-19v.

2. Notabilia Nota quod tituli decretalium (on Comp. III) MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. Munic. 374, fol. 14v-21v; Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 249, fol. 64v-71; Florence, Bibl. nazionale Conv. soppr. da ordinare: Vallombrosa 38, fol. 174ra-181vb (ends at 3 Comp. 5.17.6); Giessen, Universitätsbibl. MCVI; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 975, fol. 211-16; Melk, Stiftsbibl. 333, 132v-252v (as a second layer of glosses); Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud. misc. 646, fol. 65v-74; Paris, B.N. lat. 14320, fol. 140v-151; Paris, B.N. lat. 17530, fol. 53v-61; Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal 394, fol. 77-122v (combined with the Casus Scribit dominus papa); Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. 261, fol. 80r-v, 83-90, 81r-v; Worcester, Cath. F. 159, fol. 19v-25v.

3. Summa de penitentia EDITION: Bibliotheca Casinensis IV (Montecassino 1880) 191-215; MANUSCRIPTS: The work exists in two recensions, cf. H. Weisweiler, 'Handschriftliches zur "Summa de penitentia" des Magister Paulus von Sankt Nikolaus', Scholastik 5 (1930) 248-60, 11 (1936) 440.

LITERATURE: F. Banfi, 'Paolo Dalmata detto Ongaro: A proposito dei codici Borghese 261 e Pal.lat. 461 della Biblioteca Vaticana', Archivio storico per la Dalmazia 27 (1939) 43-61, 133-50; M. Bertram, 'Some Additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 11; R. Chabanne, 'Paulus Hungarus', DDC 7 (1957) 1270-76; G. Dénes, I notabili di Paolo Ungaro canonista bolognese del secolo XIII (Rome 1944); S. Kuttner, Repertorium 412-14, 431-33; idem, 'La réserve papale du droit de canonisation', RHDFE 17 (1938) 204, 223; idem, Traditio 13 (1957) 467; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 367-68; P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 24-26; Schulte, QL I 196-97, 230; Simon Tugwell, 'Was Paulus Hungarus really Dalmatian?' Archivum fratrum praedicatorum 79 (2009) 5-21.
 
   
 

Pelagius Albanensis (Pelayo Gaytan), Bolognese canonist and later highly ranked official of the Church. Innocent III made him cardinal in 1206, and in 1213 he received the bishopric of Albano. He died in 1230 at Montecassino. Several of his glosses (signed 'pe.' or 'pel.') on the Decretumsurvive in a Vatican manuscript, whereas we know about his teachings on Compilatio prima not only from several independent glosses preserved in a text at Modena, but also through references to be found in the apparatus of Vincentius. He also influenced the drafting of constitutions for Leon, issued by Pope Honorius in 1224.

TEXTS:1. Glosses on the Decretum MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1367 (second layer).

2. Glosses on Compilatio prima MANUSCRIPT: Modena, Bibl. Estense a. R. 4.16, fol. 1-76v (third layer).

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'La Canonística Ibérica (1150-1250) en la investigación reciente', BMCL 11 (1981) 54-55; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 53-54; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 313; idem, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools of Law(London 1980) 17; D. Mansilla, 'El cardenal hispano Pelayo Gaitán (1206-1230)', Anthologica annua 9 (1961) 417-73.
 
 
 
 

Perpendiculum (Summmula de presumptionibus), one of the oldest collections of brocarda, written ca. 1180 by an anonymous (French?) canonist. It consists of two parts. The first offers a monograph entitled De presumptionibus and elaborates (or precedes?) on the parallel teachings to be found in the Summa of Sicardus of Cremona (on C.6 q.5). Then follows a rather loose series of brocarda on a variety of legal topics. Due to the miscellaneous character of this second part, the manuscripts often include interpolations and other variations. The author of the work also wrote the NotabiliaArgumentum quod religiosi. EDITION: Edition prepared by R. Motzenbäcker and N. Brieskorn. MANUSCRIPTS: Aschaffenburg, Hof- und Stiftsbibl. Perg. 26, fol. 197ra-207v (containing eight brocarda of part II inserted into a collection of quaestiones), 214va-217vb; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 17, fol. 95v (incomplete); Barcelona, Archivo de la Corona de Aragón S. Cugat 55, fol. 44r-48v; Cambridge, Pembroke Coll. 101, fol. 61v-68r; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.10, fol. 80r-81v (part II only); Grenoble, Bibl. Munic. 626, fol. 161v-163r; Leipzig, Stadtbibl. 247, fol. 1-10; Madrid, Bibl. Nacional 421, fol. 3-24; Munich, Clm 7622, fol. 47va-52vb; Munich, Clm 8013, fol. 115v-117v (part I only); Oxford, Univ. Coll. 117, fol. 145ra-vb (rubrics from part II); Paris, B.N. lat. 4720A, fol. 30vb-36v; Paris, B.N. lat. 14606, fol. 166v-167v (a series of brocarda from part II, inc. Qui occasionem dampni dat); Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. 287, fol. 1-8v; Vat. Pal. lat. 653, fol. 113-117r.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 241-42; idem, 'Réflexions sur les brocards des Glossateurs', Mélanges Joseph de Ghellinck II (Gembloux 1951) 771-76, 787-88; S. Kuttner, Traditio 11 (1955) 447, 13 (1957) 470, 19 (1963) 511; idem, 'Retractationes IX', Gratian and the Schools of Law (London 1980) 39-40; A. Lang, 'Rhetorische Einflüsse auf die Behandlung des Prozesses in der Kanonistik des 12. Jahrhunderts', Festschrift Eduard Eichmann zum 70. Geburtstag dargebracht (Paderborn 1940) 69-97; A. Lang, 'Zur Entstehungsgeschichte der Brocardasammlungen', ZRG Kan. Abt. 31 (1942) 106-41; R. Motzenbäcker, Die Rechtsvermutung im kanonischen Recht (Munich 1958) 93-95. P. Weimar, 'Argumenta Brocardica', SG 14 (1967) 91-123; H. van de Wouw, 'Notes on the Aschaffenburg manuscript Perg. 26', BMCL 3 (1973) 98, 100.
 
 
 
 

Petrus Apulus, a little known canonist who taught at Bologna around 1200. References to his teachings have been preserved in the writings of Vincentius Hispanus and William Durantis.

LITERATURE: F. Gillmann, AKKR 113 (1933) 478 n.3; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 54
 
 
 
 

Petrus Aretinus (see Gratia Aretinus)
 
 
 
 

Petrus Beneventanus (Collivaccinus), a subdeacon and notary at the Roman curia who in 1210 was commissioned by Pope Innocent III to compile a new collection of papal decretals. This collection received Innocent's authorization and was sent out to the schools, where it circulated under the name of Compilatio tertia. Later on, Innocent III raised Petrus to the cardinalate and made him deacon of S. Maria in Aquiro (1212-16), then priest of S. Laurentius in Damaso (1216), and finally bishop of Sabina (1217). He died in September of 1219 or 1220. The popes entrusted Petrus with important diplomatic missions, including one as a papal legate to the Albigensian territories (1214-15). His early career as a teacher of canon law at Bologna is less well documented. Alfons Stickler has argued that he might have been the author of the decretist Summa Reginensis (ca. 1187/92).

TEXTS:1. See Compilatio tertia

2. See Summa Reginensis

LITERATURE: A. Campitelli Tognoni, 'Collevaccino, Pietro', DBI 27 (1982) 34-36; F. Heyer, 'Über Petrus Collivaccinus von Benevent', ZRG Kan. Abt. 6 (1916) 395-405; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 355; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 276-340; Schulte, QL I 87-88; A. M. Stickler, 'Decretisti bolognesi dimenticati', SG 3 (1955) 391-410; A. Teetaert, 'Collevacino (Pierre) (Collivaccinus)', DDC 3 1000-1002; H. van de Wouw, 'Notes on the Aschaffenburg Manuscript Perg. 26', BMCL 4 (1974) 101.
 
 
 
 

Petrus Blesensis iunior (Peter of Blois), not to be confused with his older and more famous namesake, the archdeacon of Bath, is known for his Distinctiones, which have been edited under the title Speculum iuris canonici. The monograph, composed by Petrus while he was a canon at Chartres (fron 1176 until at least 1181), consists of 60 chapters, each of which treats a legal argument given in the headline. In addition, Petrus used the left and right margins of the text as columns for his allegations (legal references) pro and contra the argument, due to which the treatise serves the purposes of collection of Brocarda as well. A prologue and an index of the chapter also form part of the original text. The opening chapter (1) deserves particular attention, since it presents the most elaborate treatment of the concordance-method since the famous Prologue of Yvo of Chartres. The work shares many characteristics and doctrines with the contemporary Summa Monacensis. Meanwhile, it remains uncertain if Petrus in fact was the author of the Ordo iudiciarius mentioned below.

TEXTS:1. Speculum iuris canonici (shortly after 1176) EDITION: Petri Blesensis opusculum de distinctionibus in canonum interpretatione adhibendis, sive ut auctor voluit 'Speculum iuris canonici, ed. T. M. Reimarus (Berlin 1837). Based on MS Hamburg, which is one of the oldest and most reliable texts. MANUSCRIPTS: A. complete: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can.17, fol. 63-74; Hamburg, Staats- und Universitätsbibl. Cod. jur. 2541; London, Brit. Libr. Royal Cod.10 B.IV, fol. 9-32; London, Lambeth Palace 49, fol. 139-48 (no allegations after ed. p.5.5-7 'referenti'); Oxford, Bodleian Library 4967, fol. 5-19; Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 653, fol. 117-28. B. without prologue: Arras, Bibl. Munic. 618, fol. 68-77 (omits ed. p.52.9 'certi' - p.61.8 'si prelatus'; ends p.103.6 'post litis contestationem.' The allegations in the margins are not authentic); Oxford, Corpus Christi Coll. 154, p.260-95 (no allegations in the margin, but complete at the end). C. without prologue and index: London, Lambeth Palace 449, fol. 346-53 (ends ed. p.73.4 'post litis contestationem'); Oxford, Bodleian Library 679, fol. 35-51 (reproduces allegations only in part). D. fragments: Boulogne-sur-Mer, Bibl. 119, fol. 73-81 (begins at ed. p.15.6 'Breviter quid' and omits allegations); Exeter, Record Office: four folios containing ed. p.37.2 'Eo enim ipso' - p.50.6 'sed consensit'.

2. Ordo iudiciarius 'Videndum est quis sit ordo' EDITION: L. Wahrmund, Quellen zur Geschichte des römisch-kanonischen Processes im Mittelalter V (Heidelberg 1931) 294-96. The attribution to Peter of Blois is questionable, see L. Fowler-Magerl, Ordo iudiciorum vel ordo iudiciarius, Ius Commune -Sonderhefte 19 (Frankfurt/M. 1984) 94-95.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 220-222; idem, 'Réflexions sur les Brocards des Glossateurs', Mélanges J. de Ghellinck (Gembloux 1951) 787 n.88. A. Lambert, DDC 2:925-26. C. Lefebvre, DDC 6:1472.
 
 
 
 
 
 

Petrus Brito, a French decretalist of the early 13th century. Petrus headed a canonistic school at Paris which produced several apparatus on Compilatio prima (see the gloss compositions entitled Quia brevitas amica and Bernardus Papiensis prepositus). Glosses of his own are preserved on Gratian and Compilatio prima. There is also a manuscript (London, Lambeth Palace 105 [second set]), which seems to contain a reportatio of his teachings on Compilatio prima. He died before March 1218.

TEXTS:1. Glosses on the Decretum MANUSCRIPTS: Charleville, Bibl. Munic. 269 (in the supplements to the Glossa ordinaria).

2. Glosses on Compilatio prima (before 1205) MANUSCRIPTS: Bruxelles 1407-1409, Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349 (second set), Lilienfeld, 220, London, Lambeth Palace 105, Lons-le-Saunier, Archives Départemental du Jura, 17, fol. 1-53, Paris, B.N. 9632, Paris, B.N.  lat. 15398, fol. 204-279, St. Omer, 107(Information on manuscripts provided by Prof. Anne Lefebvre-Teillard)

 

LITERATURE: R. Cabanne, 'Pierre de Brito', DDC 6 (1957) 1473; F. Gillmann, Des Johannes Galensis Apparat zur Compilatio III (Mainz 1938) 58-60; idem, 'Petrus Brito und Martinus Zamorensis Glossatoren der Compilatio I.', AKKR 120 (1940) 60-64; S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 290, 317 n.54; S. Kuttner, Gratian and the Schools, 'Retractationes' VII 18-19; W. Ullmann, Medieval Papalism (London 1949) 208-10; R. Weigand, 'Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio 16 (1960) 559; idem, 'Neue Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio 21 (1965) 485-91; idem, 'Glossenapparat zur Compilatio prima aus der Schule des Petrus Brito', Traditio 26 (1970) 449-57.   Anne Lefebvre-Teillard, 'Fils ou Frère?  Sur le manuscrit 17 de Lons le Saunier (Archives Départemental du Jura)', BMCL 24 (2001).  Anne  Lefebvre-Teillard,  “Petrus Brito legit...Sur quelques aspects de l’enseignement du droit canonique à Paris au début du XIII siècle”. Revue historique de droit français et étranger 79/2 (2001) 153-177.  Anne Lefebrve-Teillard,  "Magister B.: Étude sur les Maîtres Parisiens du Début du XIIIe Siècle". Revue D'histoire du droit 73 (2005) 1-18.
 
 
 

Petrus Capretius Lambertinus was a 13th century professor of canon law at Bologna.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 174.
 
 
 
 

Petrus Collivaccinus (see Petrus Beneventanus)
 
 
 
 

Petrus Hispanus, a decretist glossator at Bologna during the 1170's. His comments appear in several copies of Gratian's work, where they sometimes bear the siglum 'p.' Between 1193 and 1198, he produced a gloss apparatus on the Compilatio I.

TEXTS:1. Glosses on the Decretum MANUSCRIPTS: None of the copies includes more than a few isolated glosses, see R. Weigand, 'Studien', SG 26 (1991) III.14.

2. Apparatus on Compilatio prima EDITION: none; numerous excerpts have been printed by F. Gillmann, AKKR 102 (1922) 68-73; idem, AKKR 108 (1928) 482-536. MANUSCRIPTS: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 55, fol. 1-85v (scattered glosses; second layer); Cracow, Chapter 89 (complete); Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349 (excerpts); Halle, Universitäts-und Landesbibl. Ye. 52 (excerpts); Modena, Bibl. Est. lat. 968; Munich, Clm 3879 (excerpts; third set); Munich, Clm 7430, fol. 4r-93v (scattered glosses); Würzburg, Universitätsbibl. Mp. th., fol. 122, fol. 17r-26v (complete);

LITERATURE: R. Chabanne, 'Pierre d'Espagne', DDC 6 (1957) 1479-80; A. García y García, 'La Canonística Ibérica (1150-1250) en la investigación reciente', BMCL 11 (1981) 53; F. Gillmann, 'Des Petrus Hispanus Glosse zur "Compilatio prima" auf der Würzburger Universitätsbibliothek', AKKR 102 (1922) 68-73; idem, 'Der Codex Halensis Ye 52, Glossenbruchstück zur Compilatio I', AKKR 108 (1928) 482-536; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 12, 323-24; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 313-17; idem, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools (London 1980) 17; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 301-5; A. M. Stickler, 'Decretisti Bolognesi dimenticati', SG 3 (1955) 389 n.55; R. Weigand, 'Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio 16 (1960) 558-60; idem, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 260-68.
 
 
 
 

Petrus Hispanus Portugalensis, taught in Bologna during the 1220's, before he moved to the University of Padua (ca.1229). He composed a collection of notabilia on Compilatio IV, and is probably identical with another Petrus Hispanus who wrote a procedural treatise entitled Ad summariam notitiam. That he was also the author of the Ordo Quia utilissimum previdi fore (1216/34) is less likely, since it cites civilian sources on a massive scale.

TEXTS:1. Notabilia Nota iudicem MANUSCRIPTS: Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud. misc. 646, fol. 74-81v; Worcester, Cath. F.159, fol. 25v-30v.

2. Ordo Ad summariam notitiam (after 1234) EDITION: A. Pérez-Martin, 'El ordo iudiciarius "Ad Summariam notitiam" y sus derivados', Historia Instituciones Documentos 9 (1982) 327-423 (on the basis of one ms.), MANUSCRIPTS: see L. Fowler-Magerl, Ordo iudiciorum vel ordo iudiciarius (Frankfurt 1984) 142-44.

3. Ordo Quia utilissimum previdi fore, EDITION: M. T. Napoli, 'L'Ordo iudiciarius "Quia utilissimum fore",' ZRG Kan. Abt. 62 (1976) 87-105: cf. L. Fowler-Magerl, Ordo 136-38.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'La Canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de las Cienicas eclesiasticas en España 1 (1967) 413-15; 2 (1971) 205; idem, Estudios sobre la canonistica portuguesa medieval (Madrid 1976) 104-6, 108-12; idem, 'La Canonística Ibérica (1150-1250) en la investigación reciente', BMCL 11 (1981) 58; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 414-15, 431-33; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 317; idem, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools (London 1980) 18; I. da Rosa Pereira, 'O canonista Petrus Hispanus Portugalensis', Aequivos de História da Cultura Portuguesa II.4 (1968).
 
 
 
 

Petrus Ilerdensis (Pedro de Lerida), the otherwise unknown author of a canonistic reference-work called Breviarium ad omnes materias in iure canonico inveniendas. It appears in many manuscripts and two recensions, the first of which was composed before 1234.

TEXTS:1. Breviarium, inc. Verborum superfluitate penitus resecta (Prologue); or Quot modis ius naturale (Text), EDITIONS: The Breviarium is printed in several early modern editions, where it follows the commentary of Bernardus Compostellanus iunior on the Liber Extra, e.g. in Paris 1516, MANUSCRIPTS: Troyes, Bibl. Municip. 936, fol. 114vb (first rec.); Vatican, Barb. 1493, fol. 96 (without prologue); Worcester, Cath. F.159, fol. 182ra-85ra (first rec.).

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'Canonistica Hispanica IV', BMCL 1 (1971) 72; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 318 n.1; idem, 'Emendationes et notae variae', Traditio 22 (1966) 479; idem, 'Analecta iuridica Vaticana', Collectanea Vaticana in honorem Anselmi M. Card. Albareda. Studi e Testi 212 (Vatican City 1962) 421-22.
 
 
 
 

Petrus de Lovencenis (of Louveciennes), a French canonist who wrote (probably around 1180) a prologue to Gratian's Decretum. Apart from that, only a few glosses of his survive in a manuscript containing the Summa of Stephan of Tournay. He died shortly before 1203.

TEXTS:1. Prologue 'Bene composite domui' MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. q.193, fol. 116r-v; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 375, fol. 117v-118v; Munich, Clm 16084, fol. 63v.

2. Glosses on the Summa Stephani, MANUSCRIPT: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. q. 193; cf. F. Thaner, 'Zwei anonyme Glossen zur Summa Stephani Tornacensis', Wiener SB 79 (1875) 225, 227-28.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 183-84; idem, 'Les debuts de l'ecole canoniste francaise', SDHI 4 (1938) 193-204; Traditio 11 (1955) 446;
 
 
 
 

Petrus de Salinis

TEXTS:1. Commentary on De consecratione MANUSCRIPT: Milan, Ambros. A.238 inf., fol. 89rb-162rb.

2. Commentary on De penitentia MANUSCRIPT; Milan, Ambros. A.238 inf., fol. 37ra-86vb.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 39 n.1; idem, 'Notes on manuscripts', Traditio 13 (1957) 469.
 
 
 
 

Petrus of Poitiers, a canon of Saint-Victor at Paris, composed a penitential manual, ca. 1210-20.

TEXTS: Liber poenitentialis MANUSCRIPTS: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 399; Escorial I.III.7; Paris, B.N. lat. 715; Paris, Bibl. Sorb. 124.

LITERATURE: R. Cheney, 'La date de la composition du "Liber poenitentialis" attribué à Pierre de Poitiers', RTAM 9 (1937) 401-4; A. Teetaert, 'Le Liber poenitentialis de Pierre de Poitiers', Aus der Geisteswelt des Mittelalters. Festschrift Grabmann (Münster/W. 1935) 310-331.
 
 
 
 

Petrus Peverel (Penerelli, Penerchio or similar), author of a Libellus de ordine iudiciorum (inc.: Sapientiam), which Linda Fowler-Magerl dates before Compilatio prima (1191). Carbasse identifies him with a master and canon who between 1207 and 1213 appears in a number of Parisian documents. The same canon was then elected to the episcopal see of Agde. He died not much later.

TEXT:1. Ordo Sapientiam EDITION: L. Wahrmund, Quellen zur Geschichte des römisch-kanonischen Processes im Mittelalter II.1 (Innsbruck 1913) 1-66. MANUSCRIPTS: see L. Fowler-Magerl, Ordo iudiciorum vel ordo iudiciarius (Frankfurt/M. 1984) 130-32.

LITERATURE: J. M. Carbasse, 'L'ordo iudiciorum "Sapientiam affectant omnes",' Confluence des droit savants et des pratiques juridiques (Milan 1979) 24-28; S. Kuttner, 'Retractationes', Gratian and the Schools (London 1983) 23.
 
 
 
 

Petrus Sampson (Saxo), a canon of Nîmes and Narbonne, taught canon law at Bologna 1246-50. Besides writing synodal statutes for the diocese of Nîmes in 1252, he composed a gloss on the constitutions of Lyons I (1245) and on the decretal collection of Gregory IX.

TEXTS:1. Lectura sive distinctiones super Decretales MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. Munic. 368, fol. 1-42; Basel, Universitätsbibl. C.i.29; Kassel, Landesbibl. Jur.fol.12; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 249; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 655; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2075, lat. 2076, lat. 2115; lat. 2083, fol. 1r-43v, lat. 2075.

2. Super constitutiones Innocentii IV, MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. Munic. 364; Fulda, Stiftsbibl. D.10; Genève, Bibl. Munic. 59; Greifswald, Universitätsbibl. I.4; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 966; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2083; Wolfenbüttel, Herzog Aug. Bibl. 437.H.3. Distinctiones This is not, as has been thought, the work of Guillelmus Naso MANUSCRIPT: Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2083, fol. 71v-76; Saint-Omer 546, fol. 1r-119v contains some.

LITERATURE: P.J. Kessler, 'Untersuchungen über die Novellengesetzgebung Papst Innocenz IV.', ZRG Kan. Abt. 32 (1943) 354-76; ZRG Kan. Abt. 32 (1943) 354-76. S. Kuttner, 'Die Konstitutionen des ersten allgemeinen Konzils von Lyons', SDHI 6 (1940) 110-16, reprinted in idem, Medieval Councils, decretals, and collections of canon law (Variorum 1980) XI, with 'Retractationes' 12; R. Naz, 'Pierre de Sampson', DDC 6 (1957) 1497-98; O. Pontal, 'Quelques remarks sur l'oeuvre canonique de Pierre de Sampzon', AHC 8 (1976) 126-42; Schulte, QL II 108-10.
 
 
 
 

Petrus Sendre (Cineris) studied at Bologna together with Raymond of Penyafort (1218) and later became the first prior of the Dominican convent at Barcelona. He died in 1236.

TEXTS:1. Summa de dipensationibus et impedimentis MANUSCRIPT: Bruges, Stadsbibl. 249, fol. 1-24.

2. Summa de censuris ecclesiasticis MANUSCRIPT: Bruges, Stadsbibl. 249, fol. 24v-114.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 3 (Rome 1980) 260-61.
 
 
 
 

Philippus, probably the name of the (French?) master whose glosses on the Collectio Cassellana (ca. 1185-87) were signed with the Greek siglum 'Phi' (φ or Φ). More recently, however, Stephan Kuttner has suggested that we may be merely confronted with a distorted 'M.'  Rudolf Weigand conjectured that these glosses could be those of Fidantia.  Peter Landau has examined the glosses and concluded that these glosses might be attributed to an unknown German canonist who worked at the end of the twelfth century. 

TEXT: Glosses on the Collectio Cassellana MANUSCRIPT: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 18, fol. 25-43v; Kassel, Landesbibl. Jur.15.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 293; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio1 (1943) 281 n.16; idem, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools (London 1983) 11.  Peter Landau, 'Die Phi.-Glossen der Collectio Cassellana', . Medieval Church Law and the Origins of the Western Legal Tradition: A Tribute to Kenneth Pennington. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University Press of America, 2006: 159-169.
 
 
 
 

Philippus (of Aquilea), a rather obscure canonist whose gloss additions (after 1216) to Gratian and the Compilationes antiquae appear in several manuscripts. In 1229, he may have taught at the school of Padua. In his Rosarium (1300), Guido of Baysio referred to Ph. as a pupil of Johannes Teutonicus.

TEXTS:1. Glosses on the Decretum MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 13 (second set), Munich, Clm 14024, last layer.

2. Glosses on Compilationes I, II, and IV MANUSCRIPTS: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 22, fol. 1-128v, 246v-270 (second set); Cordoba, Bibl. del Cabildo 10; Graz, Universitätsbibl. 106, fol. 1-90v (second set; on Comp. I);

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 95, 100, 293, 358, 362; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 281 n.16; K. Pennington, 'The Making of a Decretal Collection', 77 n.27.
 
 
 
 

Pierre Quesnel, a Franciscan from Norwich who towards the end of the thirteenth century composed a manual combining matters of the internal with those of the external forum. He subdivided it into four books, with topics ranging from the liturgy to procedure.

TEXT: Directorium iuris in foro conscientiae et iudiciali

MANUSCRIPTS: Florence, Laur. Plut. 3 sin. 2; Paris, B.N. lat.8934; Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 875; Vienna, Nat.bibl. lat. 2146.

LITERATURE: P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 42-43; Schulte, QL II 262.
 
 
 
 

Pierre Quivil, bishop of Exeter in the late 13th century, incorporated into his diocesan legislation a Summula on confession for the instruction of his clergy.

TEXTS: 1. Summula, MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Corpus Christi Coll. 155 and 443.

LITERATURE: M. Bloomfield, 'A preliminary list of incipits of Latin works on the virtues and vices', Traditio 11 (1955) n.64.
 
 
 
 

Principium decretalium Ceterum quia unius, an introduction to the Decretales Gregorii resembling that of Johannes De Deo.

EDITION; S. Kuttner (1946) 630-34.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Johannes Teutonicus, das vierte Laterankonzil und die Compilatio quarta', Miscellanea Giovanni Mercati V. Studi e testi 125 (Vatican 1946) 608-34, reprinted in idem, Medieval councils, decretals, and collections of canon law (London 1980) X, with 'Retractationes' 11.
 
 
 
 

Principium decretalium Quoniam tunc decens, an introduction to the Decretales Gregorii resembling that of Johannes De Deo.

MANUSCRIPT: Breslau, Univ. I.Q.102, fol. 201v-02r (now lost).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Johannes Teutonicus, das vierte Laterankonzil und die Compilatio quarta', Miscellanea Giovanni Mercati V. Studi e testi 125 (Vatican 1946) 608-34, reprinted in idem, Medieval councils, decretals, and collections of canon law (London 1980) X, with 'Retractationes' 10-11. K. Pennington, 'The making of a decretal collection: The genesis of Compilatio tertia', Proceedings Salamanca (MIC C-6; Vatican City 1980) 73-74.
 
 
 
 

Principium decretalium Borghesianum (see Principium decretalium Ceterum quia unius)
 
 
 
 

Principium decretalium Deus omnipotens, contains an inaugural lecture on Gratian's Decretum. Its elaborate language points to French rather than Bolognese origin. The text can be dated between 1181 and 1191.

EDITION: F. Kunstmann, AKKR 10 (1863) 345-52.

MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 8013.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 191.
 
 
 
 

Principium Ex ore sedentis (see Laurentius, Glossa Palatina)
 
 
 
 

Principium Inter cetera theologie disciplinas, an introduction to the Decretum modelled after the prologue of Paucapalea.

EDITION: F. Maassen, 'Paucapalea. Ein Beitrag zur Literargeschichte des Canonischen Rechts im Mittelalter', SB Vienna 31 (1859) 502.

MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 18467, last, fol.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 127.
 
 
 
 

Principium Missurus in mundum (see Willielmus Vasco)
 
 
 
 

Principium Omnia poma vetera (to the Decretum). Presumably French.

MANUSCRIPT: Arras, Bibl. Munic. 271, fol. 188v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 154; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 314 n.66.
 
 
 
 

Principium Sapientia edificavit (on Gratian) Written probably after 1234.

MANUSCRIPT: Troyes, Bibl. Municip. 936, fol. 115ra-va.

LITERATURE: Traditio 22 (1966) 479 n.5.
 
 
 
 

Principium Sapientia edificavit (to the Decretum) belongs to the orbit of the Summa Lipsiensis.

MANUSCRIPT: London, Brit. Libr. Add. 24659, fol. 2v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 148; Traditio 11 (1955) 448;
 
 
 
 

Principium Si Romanorum (to the Decretum), influenced by the Summa Parisiensis and the Summa Antiquitate et tempore.

MANUSCRIPT: Klosterneuberg, Stifstbibl. 655, fol. 163.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 146.
 
 
 
 

Principium Si vos clerici (on Gratian), from the French or Rhenish decretist school and closely related to the works of Petrus Blesensis and Johannes Faventinus.

MANUSCRIPT: Brussels, Bibl. Royale 1485-1501, fol. 193ra-va.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Bertram of Metz', Traditio 13 (1957) 502.
 
 
 
 

Principium Videndum que materia (on Gratian), ascribed in the margin of the Berlin manuscript to a French Master 'G.' (Gerard Pucelle?).

MANUSCRIPT: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. qu. 193, fol. 117v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 184; idem, 'Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the Schools of Law (London 1983) 30-31.
 
 
 
 

Principium Vidit Iacob Scalam is a twelfth-century introduction to Gratian.

EDITION: A. García y García, Traditio 23 (1967) 508-11 (based on MS Cordoba).

MANUSCRIPTS: Cordoba, Bibl. del. Cab. 10, fol. 273v; Laon, Bibl. Munic. 371bis, fol. 115vb; Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 936, fol. 115va-116rb.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, 'Canonística Hispanica (II)', Traditio 23 (1967) 504-11; S. Kuttner, 'Emendationes et notae variae', Traditio 22 (1966) 479 n.5.
 
 
 
 

Principium Volens Gratianus formam, an introduction to Gratian preceding the Summa of Paucapalea in the only surviving mansucript.

EDITION: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 141-42.

MANUSCRIPT: Paris, Bibl. de l'Arsenal 93, fol. 161.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 141-42.
 
 

Princivallus Mediolanensis (Percival or Parsifal of Milan), a canon from Monza, lectured on the Decretum at Padua during the late thirteenth century. He wrote a Lectura on Gratian's Decretum which anticipates the Rosarium of Guido de Baysio (1300) in that it adds both old and new interpretations to the standard commentary, the Glossa ordinaria of Johannes Teutonicus and Bartholomaeus Brixiensis.

TEXT:1. Lectura super Decreto:  Incipit:  "Bone rei dare consultum et presentis habetur vite subsidium .  .  . Ideo ego magister p. mediolanensis canonicus medonensis (sic) doctor decretorum padue regens" MANUSCRIPTS: Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibl. 110, 111; München, Staatsbibliothek lat. 14059, fol. 1r-170v; Paris, B.N. lat. 3915 and lat. 3916; Prague, Mus. XVII.B.8; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2121.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 48, 115 n.1; idem, 'A Forgotten Definition of Justice', SG 15 (1972) 91-94; Schulte, QL II 135-36.  Thomas Diplovatatius, De claris iuris consultis (SG 10; Bologna 1968) 137-138.

Quaestio Ann Arbor

MANUSCRIPT: Ann Arbor, Univ. of Michigan 52, fol. 58v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Traditio 2 (1944) 497 n.30; idem, `Some Unrecorded Quaestiones', Traditio 13 (1957) 507.


Quaestio Norimbergensis, a decretist questio once citing the civilian Hugolinus; hence early 13th century? Inc.: Monachi nigri habebant quendam prioratum ...

MANUSCRIPT: Nürnberg, Stadtbibl. Cent. V 95, fol. 105-109.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 254.


Quaestiones Andegavenses, the title of a decretist collection analysed by Gerard Fransen in 1965. Stephan Kuttner's Repertorium lists another text from Angers under the same name, but it later turned out to be a fragment of Robert of Courson's penitential Summa.

MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. Munic. 312, fol. 129r-36.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Utrumque ius dans les Questiones Andegavenses', Études d'Histoire du droit dediées à G. Le Bras 2 (Paris 1965) 897-911; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 251; idem and E. Rathbone, `Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 315 n.71.


Quaestiones Aschaffenburgenses, a collection of canonistic quaestiones compiled ca. 1173/74-1179. A certain master Gido (also `Ga.' and `Gaid.') figures prominently in the references. The treatment of several questions further coincides with that of the Quaestiones Barcinonenses breves.

EDITION: G. Fransen, BMCL 16 (1986) 75-86, who distinguishes two parts (qq. 1-14 and 15-86).

MANUSCRIPT: Aschaffenburg, Hof- und Stiftsbibl. Perg. 26, fol. 197ra-207v.

LITERATURE: H. van de Wouw, `Notes on the Aschaffenburg Manuscript Perg. 26', BMCL 3 (1973) 98-99; G. Fransen, `Questiones Barcinonenses breues', BMCL 15 (1985) 31-49; idem, `Questiones Aschaffenburgenses', BMCL 16 (1986) 71-86.


Quaestiones Aschaffenburg, Stiftsbibl. Perg. 16, fol. 42r-61v. A collection of quaestiones from c.1235-1245 (cites not one Decretal Innocent IV nor a constitution of the First Council of Lyons) likely from Paris related thematically to the Quaestiones dominicales of Bartholomeus Brixiensis.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, `Kanonistische Quästionensammlungen von Bartholomäus Brixiensis bis Johannes Andreae', Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 265-281, at 278-279.
 

Quaestiones Bamberg Can. 38 consist of 25 quaestiones, probably from shortly after 1191. A certain `Hugo' (= Huguccio?) is cited once.

MANUSCRIPT: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 38, fol. 117ra-117vb.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, `Some unrecorded Quaestiones', Traditio 13 (1957) 507.


Quaestiones Bambergenses I, is the title given in the Repertorium to a series of decretist quaestiones, dated ca. 1175-78. They have been analysed by Gerard Fransen, who further subdivided them into three groups of different origin. To avoid confusion, he nevertheless retained the conventional name, perhaps also because they contain material that more or less derives from a common source and school. The same connection also extends to other collections, such as the Queastiones Lipsienses, Palatinae, or Pragenses.

EDITION: Sections I.1, and I.3 have been edited by G. Fransen, Traditio 12 (1956) 566-92; the section I.2 by idem, Traditio 13 (1957) 481-501.

MANUSCRIPT: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 17, fol. 119r (=I.1), 119r-120r, 123v-126 (=I.2), 120v-123r (=I.3).

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes: Essai de dépouillement de de classement I', Traditio 12 (1956) 566-92; idem, `Les "Questiones" de canonistes II', Traditio 13 (1957) 481-501; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 246; A. M. Stickler, `De potestate gladii materialis secundum "Quaestiones Bambergenses" ineditas (Cod. Ms. Can. 17 Bambergen.)', Salesianum 6 (1944) 113-40.

 

Quaestiones Bambergenses II, called as such in the Repertorium, was analysed by Gerard Fransen in 1956. In the same fashion as he did for Bambergenses I, he further subdivided the material into two groups (II.1, II.2). They all derive, however, from the same canonistic background (see Quaestiones Bambergenses I).

EDITION: G. Fransen, Traditio 13 (1957) 481-501, has described the collection; F. Liotta (1971) 135 n.345, has published questio 6.

MANUSCRIPT: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 17, fol. 104-110r (=II.1), 110v-116 (=II.2).

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, Traditio 12 (1956) 567; idem, Traditio 13 (1957) 481-501; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 246-47; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 134-35.
 



Quaestiones Bambergenses III, owes its name, like the preceding collections from the same manuscript, to the Repertorium. Gerard Fransen has discerned four sub-groups (III.1-4). For further details as to the collection's origin, see Quaestiones Bambergenses I.

EDITION: Of sections III.2 and 3 in Traditio 12 (1956) 567-92; MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 17, fol. 127-133r (=III.1); 139-46, 135-137v (=III.2), 163-66v (=III.3), 171-77 (=III.4).

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, Traditio 12 (1956) 567; idem, Traditio 13 (1957) 481-501; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 247.

 

Quaestiones Barcinonenses I (see Robertus Modicipassus)

 

Quaestiones Barcinonenses II, edited by G. Fransen under the title Quaestiones Barcinonenses magistri S., date from the 1180's.

EDITION: G. Fransen, `Les questions disputées de Maitre S.', 331-43.

MANUSCRIPT: Barcelona, ACA S. Cugat 55, fol. 50r-54vb

LITERATURE: J. A. Brundage, Manuscripta 15 (1971) 71; G. Fransen, RHE 49 (1954) 154-55; G. Fransen, `Les questions disputées de Maitre S.', Satura Roberto Feenstra sexagesimum quintum annum aetatis complenti ab alumnis collegis amicis oblata, ed. by J. A. Ankum et al. (Fribourg 1985) 331-43.

 

Quaestiones Barcinonenses III, also called Quaestiones decretales Barcelona, S. Cugat 55, a late twelfth-century collection made up for pedagogical purposes.

EDITION: G. Fransen, `Quaestiones decretales', 83-103; an earlier analysis by J. A. Brundage, `Some canonistic quaestiones', 72-76 listed two quaestiones on, fol. 56va-57vb (partly edited ibid. 75-76) as the final two items (numbers 31-32) of this collection. G. Fransen, however, did not consider them as part of it.

MANUSCRIPT: Barcelona, ACA S. Cugat 55, fol. 54vb-56va.

LITERATURE: J. A. Brundage, `Some canonistic quaestiones in Barcelona', Manuscripta 15 (1971) 67-76; G. Fransen, `Manuscrits canoniques conserves en Espagne II', RHE 49 (1954) 154-55; idem, `Quaestiones decretales dans un manuscrit espagnol', Sine invidia communico: Opstellen aangeboden aan Prof. Dr. A. J. de Groot (Nijmegen 1985) 83-103; S. Kuttner, Gratian, `Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the Schools (London 1983) 32.


Quaestiones Barcinonenses IV (see Robertus Modicipassus)



Quaestiones Barcinonenses V, edited by Gerard Fransen under the title Quaestiones Barcinonenses breves, offer a decretist collection which shares some of its material with the Quaestiones Gratianopolitanae, and some with the collection from Aschaffenburg. Gerard Fransen has dated the work around 1160, which would make it one of the oldest representatives of the genre.

EDITION: G. Fransen, BMCL 15 (1985) 34-49 (from MS Barcelona, collated with the paralell passages from the two collections mentioned above).

MANUSCRIPT: Barcelona, ACA S. Cugat 55, fol. 59r-62r

LITERATURE: J. A. Brundage, Manuscripta 15 (1971) 71-72; G. Fransen, RHE 49 (1954) 154-55; idem, `Questiones Barcinonenses breues', BMCL 15 (1985) 31-49.


Quaestiones Barcinonenses VI, consists of six quaestiones which postdate the preceding collection (ca. 1168-72?).

EDITION: An analysis has been given by G. Fransen, Traditio 13 (1957) 497; G. Fransen has further edited the first quaestio in ZRG Kan. Abt. 68 (1982) 136-52, and qq.1-6 in ZRG Kan. Abt.74 (1988) 141-67.

MANUSCRIPT: Barcelona, ACA S. Cugat 55, fol. 62v-66ra.

LITERATURE: J. A. Brundage, Manuscripta 15 (1971) 71-72; G. Fransen, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes II', Traditio 13 (1957) 497; G. Fransen, `États différents d'une meme Question disputée I-II', ZRG Kan. Abt. 68 (1982) 136-52, 74 (1988) 141-67.

 

Quaestiones Barcinonenses VIII

MANUSCRIPT: Barcelona, ACA S. Cugat 55, fol. 98r-102r.

LITERATURE: J. A. Brundage, Manuscripta 15 (1971) 71-72; G. Fransen, RHE 49 (1954) 154-55.



Quaestiones Barcinonenses IX, is the title for the ninth collection of quaestiones to be found in a manuscript from Barcelona (G. Fransen).

MANUSCRIPT: Barcelona, Archivio della Corona de Aragón S. Cugat 55, fol. 102r-136v.

LITERATURE: J. A. Brundage, Manuscripta 15 (1971) 71-72; G. Fransen, RHE 49 (1954) 154-55; idem, `Les "Questiones" des Canonistes III', Traditio 19 (1963) 517 n.6





Quaestiones Barcinonenses X, actually consist of a single quaestio. It is roughly paralell to q.1 of the Quaestiones Neapolitanae.

EDITION: G. Fransen, BMCL 6 (1976) 32-38 (lines 1-174).

MANUSRCRIPT: Barcelona, ACA S. Cugat 55, fol. 137ra-vb.

LITERATURE: J. A. Brundage, Manuscripta 15 (1971) 71-72; G. Fransen, RHE 49 (1954) 154-55; idem, `Les Quaestiones Neapolitanae', BMCL 6 (1976) 29-38 .





Quaestiones Berlin lat., fol. 249 consists of 14 quaestiones from the school of Wilielmus Naso. It was compiled between 1216 (Compilatio IV is quoted) and 1234.

MANUSCRIPT: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 249, fol. 71rb-71vb.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, `Some unrecorded Quaestiones', Traditio 13 (1957) 507.





Quaestiones Bodleianae, an English collection of decretist quaestiones composed after the appearance of Compilatio III (1210), which is cited. The work, consisting of two procedural treatises, contains frequent references to Johannes Bazianus.

MANUSCRIPT: Oxford, Bodleian Library Arch. Selden sup. 87, fol. 140r-148v, 150v-158.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 253-54; idem, `Zur Enstehungsgeschichte der "Summa de casibus",' ZRG Kan. Abt. 39 (1953) 422 n.18; idem, `Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the Schools(London 1983) 32.





Quaestiones Borghesianae, written after 1218 and based on decretals drawn from the first four Compilationes. Three of the quaestiones carry the signature of a certain `Jo.', who may be identifiable with Johannes Garsias (Hispanus). The work further shares some of its material with the Quaestiones Patavinae.

MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. 261, fol. 103-110v.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonistica Iberica', BMCL 11 (1981) 53; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 429-30; idem, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 321 n.6; idem, `Johannes Teutonicus, das vierte Laterankonzil und die Compilatio quarta', Miscellanea Giovanni Mercati (Vatican City 1946) 5:628 n.29.





Quaestiones Cassinenses I (according to G. Fransen)

MANUSCRIPT: Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell'abbazia 396, p.32-84?.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes III', Traditio 19 (1963) 516-31; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 250-51.





Quaestiones Cassinenses II, a collection of Quaestiones reportatae from the school of Bazianus.

MANUSCRIPT: Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell'abbazia 396, p.84b-112b.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 250-51; idem and E. Rathbone, `Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 311 n.48.





Quaestiones Cassinenses III (see Richardus Anglicus, Summa quaestionum)





Quaestiones Claustroneoburgenses, a large collection of quaestiones, including some that report disputations held by the Bolognese canonist Tancred. The use of Compilatio IV suggests that they were compiled ca. 1220.

MANUSCRIPT: Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibl. 1048, fol. 75-116v.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Quaestiones" des canonistes', Traditio 19 (1963) 531; S. Kuttner, `Johannes Teutonicus', Miscellanea Giovanni Mercati 5:628 n.29, 629 n.32.





Quaestiones Cusanae I, contain a series of quaestiones on marriage, of which three are singed by Bazianus. It is likely that several others also had been disputed at his school. As Gerard Fransen has shown, they were brought into their final shape before the appearance of Compilatio I (1191). While Alfons Stickler believed that the work cited decretals after Compilatio I, Fransen concluded that all of the references point to an earlier decretal collection called Bambergensis (ca. 1185).

EDITION: G. Fransen, `Les Questiones Cusanae: questions disputées sur le mariage', Convivium utriusque ius: Alexander Dordett zum 60. Geburtstag (Vienna 1976) 209-21, has given a summary analysis.

MANUSCRIPT: Bernkastel-Kues, Sankt-Nikolaus-Hospital, Cusanus-Stiftsbibl. 226, fol. 1rb-4ra.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les Quaestiones Neapolitanae', BMCL 6 (1976) 43-46; A. M. Stickler, `Decretistica Germanica adaucta', Traditio 12 (1956) 602-603.





Quaestiones Cusanae II, are identical with the first five quaestiones of the Summa quaestionum Monacenses.

MANUSCRIPT: Bernkastel-Kues, Sankt-Nikolaus-Hospital, Cusanus-Stiftsbibl. 226, fol. 4ra-4v.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les Quaestiones Neapolitanae', BMCL 6 (1976) 43-46; S. Kuttner, `Some unrecorded Quaestiones', Traditio 13 (1957) 508; A. M. Stickler, `Decretistica Germanica adaucta', Traditio 12 (1956) 602-603.





Quaestiones de casibus `Queritur de iis qui scienter peccaverunt', a collections of quaestionescompiled shortly after 1234 and constantly referring to Huguccio and the Summa de casibus of Raymond de Penyafort.

MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 27302, fol. 51r-153r (incomplete); Paris, B.N. lat. 16421; Paris, Ste. Geneviève 2779.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 446; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 408-09.





Quaestiones decretales Arras 271, a brief collection of quaestiones used in the lecture room. It shares some of its material with the collection of Quaestiones decretales Bamberg Can 17.

MANUSCRIPT: Arras, Bibl. Munic. 271, fol. 187v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, `Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the Schools of Law (London 1983) 32.


 

Quaestiones decretales Bamberg, Can. 17, the origins of this work seem to be linked to those of the Quaestiones decretales Arras 271.

MANUSCRIPT: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 17, fol. 182rb-83rb.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, `Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the Schools of Law (London 1983) 32.


Quaestiones decretales Bambergenses I (see Honorius, Summa quaestionum)



Quaestiones decretales Bambergenses II, consist of rather briefly formulated quaestiones which were compiled some time after Compilatio I (1191). They are transmitted, with due variations, in at least seven manuscripts, of which the Klosterneuburg and Bamberg (also Leon) manuscripts on the one hand, and the Vienna and the Zwettl texts on the other, seem to be related particularly closely.

EDITION: An analysis of the 76 quaestiones in the Zwettl and Vienna manuscripts has been published by G. Fransen, Traditio 19 (1963) 520-30, along with a concordance for the other copies, 530-31. Those texts to be found in Klosterneuburg, Bamberg, and Fulda D.7, and not extant in Zwettl and Vienna have been analysed by G. Fransen, Traditio 20 (1964) 496-502, again with a concordance at the end.

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 45, fol. 41-56v; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.7, fol. 25r-92r, 145v-155v; D.10, fol. 59ra-68rb (paralell with regard to the quaestiones 1-32 [fol. 59ra-67ra]: called Questiones Fuldenses in S. Kuttner, Repertorium 430); Klosterneuburg, Stifstbibl. 656, fol. 19-33v; León, S. Isidoro 16, fol. 40r-74r (exactly coinciding with Bamberg, Can. 45, quaestiones 1-82); Vienna, ÖNB 2163, fol. 75-100; Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 162, fol. 123-144v.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes III', Traditio 19 (1963) 516-31; idem, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes', Traditio 20 (1964) 495-502; idem, `Les Questions de Jean le Teutonique', BMCL 13 (1983) 43; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 425-26; idem, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 322-27; J. F. v. Schulte, `Literaturgeschichte der Compilationes antiquae, besonders der drei ersten', SB Vienna 66 (1871) 64-65. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 376 n.194.





Quaestiones disputatae Avranches 149, a French collection composed after Compilatio III (1210).

MANUSCRIPT: Avranches, Bibl. Munic. 149, fol. 127-128(?).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner and E. Rathbone, `Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 315 n.74.





Quaestiones disputatae Douai 590, two quaestiones from the French school, after Compilatio III(1210).

MANUSCRIPT: Douai, Bibl. Municip. 590, flyleaf in front

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, `Some unrecorded Quaestiones', Traditio 13 (1957) 507.





Quaestiones disputatae Douai 649, probably collected in the school of a French master, ca. 1205-1210.

MANUSCRIPT: Douai, Bibl. Municip. 649, fol. 54v-57v; the quaestiones on, fol. 143-48v may also belong to the collection.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 324 n.22a; idem and E. Rathbone, `Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 315 n.74; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 320-24..



Quaestiones Fuldenses is the name given in the Repertorium to a collection of quaestiones in a Fulda manuscript. Gerard Fransen has demonstrated that it combines a series of texts borrowed from the Quaestiones Bambergenses II group (q.1-32) with a set of quaestiones signed by the Bolognese canonist Tancred (q.33-43). This latter portion shows paralells to the Quaestiones Claustroneoburgenses and Senonenses.

EDITION: An analysis of q.1-32 has been given by G. Fransen, Traditio 19 (1963) 516-31; the same article also includes a concordance of q.33-43 with the collections from Klosterneuburg and Sion (531).

MANUSCRIPTS: Fulda, Landesbibl. D.10, fol. 59ra-68rb.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes III', Traditio 19 (1963) 516-31; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 430; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I(Munich 1963) 378 n.198.





Quaestiones Graecenses, a fragment of four quaestiones taken from the collection of Johannes Teutonicus, but never bearing his siglum.

EDITION: Analysis by G. Fransen, BMCL 13 (1983) 46-47.

MANUSCRIPT: Graz, Universitätsbibl. 138, fol. 268v.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Questions de Jean Teutonique', BMCL 13 (1983) 46-47; S. Kuttner, `Johannes Teutonicus, das vierte Laterankonzil und die Compilatio quarta', Miscellanea Giovanni Mercati (Vatican City 1946) 5:609 n.2.





Quaestiones Gratianopolitanae, contain an early collection of canonistic quaestiones which cites only one papal decretal (q.242). This suggests a date well before the appearance of Compilatio I in 1191. Many of the texts include references to the Bolognese civilian Martinus, cited alongside with a certain `Johannes'. A. Belloni has identified him with Johannes Bazianus rather than Johannes Faventinus.

EDITION: The text corresponds to q.133-56 of the edition by J. Palmieri, `Quaestiones dominorum Bononiensium, Collectio Gratianopolitana', Bibliotheca iuridica medii aevi 1.2 (Bologna 1914) 233-242.

MANUSCRIPTS: Grenoble, Bibl. Munic. 626, fol. ?.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Le questioni civilistiche del secolo XII (Frankfurt/M. 1989); idem, `Baziano, cioè Giovanni Baziano, legista e canonista del secolo XII', TRG 57 (1989) 78-79; H. Kantorowicz, `The quaestiones disputatae of the Glossators', TRG 16 (1939) 12 n.25; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 248-49.





Quaestiones Halenses, written after Compilatio I.

EDITION: F. Gillmann, AKKR 108 (1928) 482-85, has printed several texts.

MANUSCRIPTS: Halle, Universitäts-und Landesbibl. Ye. 52, fol. 1r-v; perhaps, fol. 6 is also part of the collection.

LITERATURE: F. Gillmann, AKKR 108 (1928) 482-85; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 250.





Quaestiones in schola Rolandi disputatae, the title given not to a particular collection of quaestiones, but to a disparate number of texts tracing to the Bolognese school headed by the canonists Rolandus and Metellus (fl. 1160).

EDITION: R. Weigand, AKKR 138 (1969) 86-92 (from the Munich MS).

MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 3525, fol. 40r-50v. See also Quaestiones Stuttgardienses, Fragmentum Cantrabrigiense.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `La structure des "Quaestiones disputatae" e leur classement', Traditio23 (1967) 519-20; R. Weigand, `Quaestionen aus der Schule des Rolandus und des Metellus', AKKR 138 (1969) 82-94.


Quaestiones Klosterneuburg 271, including four quaestiones (the first of which mutilated).

MANUSCRIPT: Klosterneuberg, Stifstbibl. 271, fol. 212rb-vb.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, `Some unrecorded Quaestiones', Traditio 13 (1957) 507.


Quaestiones Laudunenses (see Honorius, Summa quaestionum)


Quaestiones Lemovicenses I, contain five quaestiones of the primitive type; no decretals cited.

EDITION: G. Fransen, ZRG Kan. Abt. 55 (1969) 437-448.

MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 3454, fol. 54-56vb.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Varia ex manuscriptis', Traditio 21 (1965) 520; idem, `Quaestiones Vaticanae, Urgellenses, Lemovicenses', ZRG Kan. Abt. 55 (1969) 437-448.

 

Quaestiones Lemovicenses II, one of the earliest collections of canonistic quaestiones, the core of which (qq.1-18) was compiled no later than in the 1160's. No decretals are cited in those parts. Additions were made during the 1170's and early 1180's.

EDITION: Analysed by G. Fransen, ZRG Kan. Abt. 76 (1990) 156-71, with a full edition of q.31; he also printed q.11 (in part) in ZRG Kan. Abt. 68 (1982) 136-52; q.12-13 and 15 (all in part) in ZRG Kan. Abt. 74 (1988) 141-55, 161-62.

MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 4720A, fol. 37ra-44vb.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `États différents d'une meme Question disputée I-II', ZRG Kan. Abt. 68 (1982) 136-52, 74 (1988) 141-62; idem, `Quaestiones Lemovicenses II', ZRG Kan. Abt. 76 (1990) 136-52.

 

Quaestiones Lipsienses I, a decretist collection closely related to the orbit of the Quaestiones Bambergenses I.

EDITION: Analysis by G. Fransen, Traditio 12 (1957) 566-81.

MANUSCRIPTS: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 247, fol. 17v-20v.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes: Essai de dépouillement et de classement', Traditio 12 (1956) 566-81; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 246; idem, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 321 n.6.

 

Quaestiones Lipsienses II, a brief series of texts appended to a copy of the Perpendiculum (ca. 1180).

EDITION: Analysis by G. Fransen, Traditio 13 (1957) 494-95, 500-501.

MANUSCRIPT: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 247, fol. 10r-v

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes: Essai de dépouillement et de classement', Traditio 12 (1956) 507; idem, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes II', Traditio 13 (1957) 494-95, 500; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 247.


Quaestiones Lipsienses III, as it was called in the Repertorium, has been subdivided into two different, but related units by Gerard Fransen. Compiled before 1191.

EDITION: G. Fransen, Traditio 12 (1956) and 13 (1957) has offered an anlysis of the collection.

MANUSCRIPT: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 247, fol. 17r (III.1), 20v (III.2).

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes: Essai de dépouillement et de classement', Traditio 12 (1956) 567-68, 580; idem, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes II', Traditio 13 (1957) 486, 500; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 247.


Quaestiones Lipsienses IV, received its name from the Repertorium, but was subsequently divided into two collections by Gerard Fransen. The work predates Compilatio I.

EDITION: By G. Fransen, Traditio 12 (1956) and 13 (1957).

MANUSCRIPT; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 247, fol. 21-30 (= IV.1); 30v (= IV.2).

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes: Essai de dépouillement et de classement', Traditio 12 (1956) 567-68; idem, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes II', Traditio 13 (1957) 486-92, 500; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 247.


Quaestiones Lipsienses V, a fragmentary collection which cites extravagantes from the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-81).

MANUSCRIPT: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 985, fol. 1-8v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 247; L. Prosdocimi, `I manoscritti della "Summa decretorum" di Uguccione Pisano: Iter Germanicum', SG 7 (1959) 263.

 

Quaestiones Londinenses, include 58 canonistic quaestiones of English origin, composed ca. 1196-98. The collection represents one of the most important sources for the teaching activities of several English masters (such as Simon of Southwell, Simon of Derby, John of Kent, John of Tynemouth), whose names occur in the discussions and solutions of many of the quaestiones. A reportatio of disputations held by another English canonist, Nicholas (de Aquila) seems to form the core of the material.

EDITION: J. A. Brundage has printed q. 1 in Mediaeval Studies 24 (1962) 158-60; q. 38-39 in Speculum 38 (1963) 448-52; he further discussed q. 12, 19,31, and 37 in Manuscripta 19 (1975).

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Royal 9 E. VII, fol. 191ra-98vb.

LITERATURE: J. A. Brundage, `A twelfth-century Oxford disputation concerning the privileges of the knights Hospitallers', Mediaeval Studies 24 (1962) 153-60; idem, `The crusade of Richard I: Two canonical quaestiones', Speculum 38 (1963) 443-52; idem, `The treatment of marriage in the Quaestiones Londinenses', Manuscripta 19 (1975) 86-97; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 251-52; idem and E. Rathbone, `Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 319-21 and passim; idem, `Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the Schools (London 1983) 33, 36.


 

Quaestiones Milan H.248 inf., mentions Bolognese canonists of the 1180's and 1190's, Ricardus, Bazianus, and Bernardus.

MANUSCRIPT: Milan, Ambros. H.248 inf., fol. 86ra-93vb.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, `Some additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 13.

 

Quaestiones Montecassino 448, an unstudied and fragmentary collection compiled after Compilatio IV.

MANUSCRIPT: Montecassino, Bibl. Abbaz. 448, p.113-58.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, `Some additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 13.

 

Quaestiones Munich 17161, present the peculiar case of a Causa which, subdivided into four quaestiones, has been interpolated into a manuscript of Gratian's Decretum (between C.3 and C.4).

MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 17161, fol. 65-66;

LITERATURE: F. Kunstmann, `Zur Geschichte des Gratianischen Dekrets', AKKR 10 (1863) 339-40. S. Kuttner, `Some unrecorded Quaestiones', Traditio 13 (1957) 507-508.

Quaestiones Monacenses, offer a series of quaestiones that follow the order of the Decretum. The incomplete collection is related to the teachings of Honorius and his circle and was compiled ca. 1185-90 (S.Kuttner).

MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 16083, fol. 52va-73va.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner and E. Rathbone, `Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 315; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I(Munich 1963) 196-197.

Quaestiones Mutinenses, a collection of Bolognese quaestiones from the late thirteenth century.

MANUSCRIPT: Modena, Bibl. Estense Y.Z.1.19, fol. 22rb-48ra.

LITERATURE: C. Mesini, `Questioni disputae in diritto canonico nello studio Bolognese nel sec. XIII dal codice Y.Z.1 + Appendice Campori 1242 della Biblioteca Estense di Modena', Apollinaris50 (1977) 484-520.





Quaestiones Neapolitanae, a French collection of twelve quaestiones, probably composed around 1180.

EDITION: G. Fransen has analysed the work in BMCL 6 (1976) 29-43. He also printed q.1 in full (32-40), along with the variants of the Quaestiones Barcinonenses X.

MANUSCRIPTS: Naples, Bibl. Naz. Brancacc. IV D 9, fol. 24va-27rb.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les Quaestiones Neapolitanae', BMCL 6 (1976) 29-43; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 249.





Quaestiones Orielenses I-II, a collection of probably English origin, which includes several decretal-references, but does not cite them after Compilatio I (1191). The information about another set of quaestiones in the same Oxford manuscript is scanty. They cite Vacarius and may represent one of the few traces of his teaching at an English school.

EDITION: none.

MANUSCRIPTS: Oxford, Oriel College 53, fol. 338-339v (= I);, fol. 355r (= II).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 249-50; idem and E. Rathbone, `Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 296 n.28; S. Kuttner, `Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the Schools (London 1983) 26.





Quaestiones Palatinae I, a collection partly belonging to the Bambergensis I group. It was compiled in the late twelfth century and originated from France.

EDITION: Analysed by G. Fransen, Traditio 12 (1956) 566-582.

MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 678, fol. 93ra-96rb.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Quaestiones" des canonistes', Traditio 12 (1956) 566-92; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 246; idem, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 321 n.6; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 54-57.





Quaestiones Palatinae II, drawn from the same stock of material as the Quaestiones Pragenses II and Bambergensis III. Late twelfth century.

EDITION: Analysis by G. Fransen, Traditio 12 (1956) 566-69; 581-91.

MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 678, fol. 96rb-98r.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Quaestiones" des canonistes', Traditio 12 (1956) 566-92; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 247-48; idem, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 321 n.6;





Quaestiones Palatinae III consist of three quaestiones of which two reoccur in the Pragensis I. Late twelfth century.

EDITION: Analysis by G. Fransen, Traditio 12 (1956) 566-82.

MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 678, fol. 98r-vb.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Quaestiones" des canonistes', Traditio 12 (1956) 566-92; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 248; idem, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 321 n.6;





Quaestiones Palatinae IV refer to what is actually one questio. Late twelfth century.

EDITION: Analysis by G. Fransen, Traditio 12 (1956) 566-582.

MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 678, fol. 99ra-b.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Quaestiones" des canonistes', Traditio 12 (1956) 566-92; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 248; idem, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 321 n.6;







Quaestiones Palatinae V include three quaestiones of the late twelfth century.

EDITION: Analysis by G. Fransen, Traditio 12 (1956) 566-582.

MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 678, fol. 102ra-va, 104rb-105rb.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Quaestiones" des canonistes', Traditio 12 (1956) 566-92; Stephan Kuttner, Repertorium 248; idem, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 321 n.6; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 57-58.







Quaestiones Palatinae VI share, like the Quaestiones Palatinae II, most of their material with the Palatinae II and Bambergenses III. Late twelfth century.

EDITION: Analysis by G. Fransen, Traditio 12 (1956) 566-69; 581-91.

MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 678, fol. 102va-104rb.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Quaestiones" des canonistes', Traditio 12 (1956) 566-92; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 248; idem, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 321 n.6;





Quaestiones Parisinae, also called Fragmentum Parisiense, consists of a fragment of quaestioneswhich for the most part are identical with the collection in the Klosterneuburg MS 656, attributed to Johannes Teutonicus.

EDITION: Analysed by G. Fransen, BMCL 13 (1983) 43-46.

MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2443, fol. 135rv-134rv (sic!).

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, A propos des Questions de Jean le Teutonique', BMCL 13 (1983) 39-47.





Quaestiones Parisienses, contain a fragment of systematic quaestiones on marriage, which was compiled ca. 1179-1191. It refers to opinions of a certain Master `G.' (Guido of Arezzo?).

MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 3934 A, fol. 102r-v, 103vb.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 255; idem and E. Rathbone, `Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 315.





Quaestiones Patavinae, a canonistic collection of quaestiones from the 1220, which cite decretals up to Compilatio IV (1216).

MANUSCRIPT: Padua, Bibl. Antoniana III.68

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 255; idem, `Bernardus Antiquus Compostellanus', Traditio1 (1943) 321 n.6; idem, `Johannes Teutonicus', Miscellanea Giovanni Mercati 5 (Vatican City 1946) 628 n.29.





Quaestiones Pommersfeldenenses (Pommersfelden MS 41, fol. 1-69v: See Excerptum Decretorum)





Quaestiones Pragenses I, report a series of quaestiones that are largely from the same stock as those to be found in the Bambergenses III. French in origin.

EDITION: Analysis by G. Fransen, Traditio 12 (1956) 566-81.

MANUSCRIPT: Prague, University Library XIV. E. 31, fol. 35rb-43rb.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes I', Traditio 12 (1956) 566-92; idem, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus `, Traditio 1 (1943) 321 n.6;





Quaestiones Pragenses II, follow immediately after the Pragenses I. According to G. Fransen, they represent a different form of redaction in that they omit for the most part any reference to the underlying case and concentrate on the questio itself. But again, they share much of their material with the Bambergenses III. French in origin.

EDITION: G. Fransen, Traditio 12 (1956) 566-69, 581-92, has analysed the collection.

MANUSCRIPT: Prague, University Library XIV. E. 31, fol. 43rb-45ra.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes I', Traditio 12 (1956) 566-92; idem, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 321 n.6;





Quaestiones Regimontanae, probably lost in World War II, formed part of a manuscript containing several decretalist writings from the period 1191-1234.

MANUSCRIPTS: Königsberg (Kaliningrad), formerly University Libr. 17, fol. 27-58v (now lost?).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 428-29, 432.





Quaestiones Sedunenses I contain, according to the description of Alfons Stickler (1958), 29 quaestiones. In an article of 1963, Gerard Fransen seems to have combined this collection with the one immediately following (Sedunenses II). Alfons Stickler reports, however, that references to Compilatio IV are absent from this earlier part, and so is the siglum of the Bolongese canonist Tancred. Instead, the Sedunenses I twice mention a certain `R.' (Ricardus Anglicus) and may therefore derive from his school.

EDITION: None; G. Fransen, Traditio 19 (1963) 521-27, has printed the introductory part of five quaestiones.

MANUSCRIPT: Sion (Sitten), Chapter 83, fol. 467(?)-476.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes III', Traditio 19 (1963) 516-31; S. Stelling-Michaud, Catalogue des manuscrits juridiques de la fin du XIIe au XIVe siècle conservés en Suisse (Geneva 1954) no.161; A. M. Stickler, `Iter Helveticum', Traditio 14 (1958) 470-71.





Quaestiones Sedunenses II, a Bolognese collection compiled in the 1220's, as is suggested by frequent refrences to Tancred and the use of Compilatio IV. Regarding the Tancred material, the work shows strong paralells to the Quaestiones Claustroneoburgenses and Fuldenses.

EDITION: None; G. Fransen, Traditio 19 (1963) 531, has given a concordance of the quaestionescarrying Tancred's siglum, as they appear in the Quaestiones Fuldenses.

MANUSCRIPT: Sion (Sitten), Cathedral Chapter 83, fol. 477r-502v.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes III', Traditio 19 (1963) 516-31; S. Stelling-Michaud, Catalogue des manuscrits juridiques de la fin du XIIe au XIVe siècle conservés en Suisse (Geneva 1954) no.161; A. M. Stickler, `Iter Helveticum', Traditio 14 (1958) 470-71.





Quaestiones Sedunenses III, a Bolognese collection compiled in the 1220's, as is suggested by frequent references to Tancred and the use of Compilatio IV. It remains unclear if the work represents a unit of its own or rather forms a continuation of the former one (Sedunenses II).

MANUSCRIPT: Sion (Sitten), Cathedral Chapter 83, fol. 503r-511v, 514r-528v.

LITERATURE: A. M. Stickler, `Iter Helveticum', Traditio 14 (1958) 471-72.





Quaestiones St. Florian, with two quaestiones.

MANUSCRIPT: Saint Florian, Stiftsbibl. III.5, paste down in front.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, `Some unrecorded Quaestiones', Traditio 13 (1957) 507.





Quaestiones Siena

MANUSCRIPT: Siena, Bibl. Pub. G. V.24, fol. 175r-v, and rear paste-down.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, `Some unrecorded Quaestiones', Traditio 13 (1957) 507.





Quaestiones Stuttgardienses, compiled shortly after 1154, often cite opinions of the Bolognese canonist Rolandus and seem to be a product of his school. Parts of them were later incorporated into other collections, such as Bambergenses III.1 and III.4.

EDITION: In the Appendix to F. Thaner, Die Summa Magistri Rolandi (Innsbruck 1874) 237-303.

MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Univ. Library Addit. 3321, fol. 26v-31v (contains the quaestiones 1-11, 33-36 of Thaner's edition); Stuttgart, Landesbibl. Jur. 62, fol. 58v-71, 120v-123.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes II', Traditio 13 (1957) 481; G. Fransen, `Les "Questiones" des canonistes II', Traditio 12 (1956) 567-68; S. Kuttner, Repertorium245; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 52-54; F. Thaner, Die Summa Magistri Rolandi, nachmals Papstes Alexander III (Innsbruck 1874).





Quaestiones Toletanae, contain frequent references to the Bolognese canonist Bazianus. Most of the quaestiones also appear in the large collection of MS Fulda D.7, which has been analysed only insofar as it conincides with the decretales Bambergenses II.

EDITION: Analysis by G. Fransen, BMCL 13 (1983) 39-42.

MANUSCRIPT: Toledo, Bibl. Cap. 39-28, fol. 82vb-83v.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `A propos des Questions de Jean le Teutonique', BMCL 13 (1983) 39-42.



Quaestiones Urgellenses

EDITION: G. Fransen, ZRG Kan. Abt. 55 (1969) 437-448.

MANUSCRIPT: Seo de Urgel, Bibl. Cap. 2033, fol. 200va-b.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Quaestiones Vaticanae, Urgellenses, Lemovicenses', ZRG Kan. Abt. 55 (1969) 437-448.





Quaestiones Vaticanae

EDITION: G. Fransen, ZRG Kan. Abt. 55 (1969) 437-448.

MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 288, fol. iiiv-ivr.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Quaestiones Vaticanae, Urgellenses, Lemovicenses', ZRG Kan. Abt. 55 (1969) 437-448.





Quaestiones Vincentinae (see Zwettlensis II)





Quaestiones Vindobonensis (Vienna MS lat. 2163) consists of a series of quaestiones arranged in the order of Compilatio I. Compiled at Bologna after 1216, since there is at least one reference to Compilatio IV. For other quaestiones from the same manuscript, cf. the decretales Bambergensesand the Zwettlenses II.

MANUSCRIPT: Vienna, ÖNB 2163, fol. 52-74v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner and E. Rathbone, `Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 315; S. Kuttner, `Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools (London 1983) 20.





Quaestiones Zwettlensis I (see Quaestiones decretales Bambergenses II)





Quaestiones Zwettlensis II, compiled at the school of Vicenza, whence they also appear under the name Vincentinae. There exist close ties between this collection and that of `Ber'(nardus Compostellanus), whose quaestiones in fact appear interpolated into the Zwettlensis II in MS Vienna. According to the decretal references, the work postdates the enlarged version of Gilbert's collection (1206), but is earlier than 1210.

EDITION: Analysis by G. Fransen, Traditio 21 (1965) 492-495, 501-10.

MANUSCRIPT: Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2163, fol. 85rb-86va, 95vb-99vb; Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 162, fol. 139vb-144vb.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Deux collections de Questiones', Traditio 21 (1965) 492-510; S. Kuttner, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 323-27.





Quaestionum fragentum Sedunense, a fragmentary collection composed ca. 1176-79. It transmits quaestiones that show hardly any paralells to other works of the same genre.

EDITION: G. Fransen, BMCL 17 (1987) 67-75.

MANUSCRIPT: Sion (Sitten), Arch. Cap. 117, fol. 84rv, 1rv (single sheets).

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Questionum fragmentum Sedunense', BMCL 17 (1987) 65-75; A. M. Stickler, `Iter Helveticum', Traditio 14 (1958) 472.





Quia breuitas est amica audientie, an apparatus on Compilatio I from the French school of Petrus Brito. The work was composed ca. 1205/6.

EDITION: R. Weigand, Traditio 21 (1965) 485-87, has printed the prologue and several glosses on marriage impediments.

MANUSCRIPTS: Lilienfeld, Klosterbibl. 220, fol. 1r-72va (first layer of glosses).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, `Notae et emendationes variae', Traditio 22 (1966) 476; R. Weigand, `Neue Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio 21 (1965) 481, 485-91.





Quoniam omnes quaestionum articuli (see Casus Quoniam omnes)





`Radl.' (Radulphus?), magister (see Garinus)





Rainier of Pisa, nothing is known about this thirteenth century canonist other than that he wrote some quaestiones.

TEXTS: Quaestiones

LITERATURE: J. Schulte, QL II 175.

 

Rainier of Pomposa, deacon and monk of the abbey of Pomposa. Rainier compiled his collection of decretals in 1201. It contains 123 chapters taken from letters issued during the first three years of Innocent III's pontificate (1198-1201). Rainier drew directly from the papal registers and arranged his material in 41 titles. They differ considerably from those given in the most important compilation of his days, Compilatio prima.  His work was later used by other decretal compilers, such as Gilbertus (1202) and Alanus (1206).

TEXTS: 1. Collectio Rainieri EDITION: E. Baluze, Epistolarum Innocentii III P. M. libri undecimi (Paris 1682) 543-606 (from the Reims manuscript); reprinted in Migne, PL 216, 1173-1272. A brief analysis of the contents (of MS Reims) has appeared in F. Heyer, ZRG Kan. Abt. 4 (1914) 595; MS Paris is analyzed in C. R. Cheney - M. G. Cheney, Studies 159. MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 3922A, fol. 235ra-242rb (contains a selection of texts drawn from Rainier); Reims, Bibl. de la Ville 692, fol. 1-27.

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, Studies in the collections of twelfth-century decretals, edd. and trans. C. Cheney and M. Cheney (MIC B-3: Vatican City 1979) xxix, 140-41, 159; S. Chodorow, `An Appendix to Rainier of Pomposa's Collection', BMCL 3 (1973) 55-61; E. von Heckel, `Die Dekretalensammlungen des Gilbertus und Alanus', ZRG Kan. Abt. 29 (1940) 163-64; F. Heyer, `Die Dekretalensammlungen aus dem 1. Jahrzehnt des 13. Jahrhunderts', ZRG Kan. Abt. 4 (1914) 593-96. Stephan Kuttner, Repertorium 310, 314-16; idem, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio1 (1943) 328 n.6; idem, `Rénier de Pompose ou Rainerius Pomposanus ou de Pomposa', DDC 7 (1959) 583-84; Schulte, QL I 83-84.





Raymond des Arènes (Cardinalis) Raimundus de (H)arenis.   A canonist who left numerous glosses on the Decretum signed 'C.' or 'Car.' These glosses are scattered through many early Decretum manuscripts. In the past, Cardinalis has been identified with a certain Hermannus and Magister Hubaldus, but Rudolf Weigand proved conclusively that André Gouron's identification of Raymond des Arènes as Cardinalis was correct.  Raymond was from an important family in Nîmes and first appears in the sources in 1142.  By 1150-1151 he is called a causidicus and iurisperitus.  He is the first canonist who was also very well trained in Roman law.  Several documents indicated that he was active in legal cases from Avignon and Arles.  Between 1149 and 1158 he was a canon of the cathedral chapter of Beauvais.  Pope Hadrian IV raised him to the cardinalate in March, 1158 with the title Cardinal of Santa Maria in Via Lata.  In the schism of 1159 Raymond supported the anti-pope Victor IV.  Reconciled with Pope Alexander III ca. 1162 he moved to Montpellier.  He was involved in a court case at Montpellier in 1171.  He died around 1176-1177 since his cardinal title was bestowed on another person July 4, 1178.

TEXTS: Glosses on the Decretum, EDITIONS: Some glosses have been published by F. Maassen, 'Beiträge zur Geschichte der juristischen Litteratur des Mittelalters', SB Vienna 24 (1857) 10-25; F. Schulte, 'Die Glosse zum Dekret Gratians', Denkschriften Vienna 21.2 (1972) 46-51; R. Weigand (1973) 75-81, 85-90 (on C.27 q.2); idem, (1986) 267-83 (on C.16); MANUSCRIPTS: cf. R. Weigand, BMCL 3 (1973) 74-75; idem (1986) 267-68.

LITERATURE: A. Gouron, 'Le cardinal Raymond des Arènes: Cardinalis?', RDC 28 (1978) 180-92. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 519 (Index). Schulte, QL I 145-48. R. Weigand, 'Die Glossen des Cardinalis (Magister Hubald?) zum Dekret Gratians, besonders zu C.27 q.2', BMCL 3 (1973) 73-95; idem, 'Magister Rolandus und Papst Alexander III', AKKR 149 (1980) 3-44 at 5 n.14; idem, 'Die Glossen des Cardinalis - Raimundus de (Harenis) - zu C.16', Recht im Dienste des Menschen: Eine Festgabe für Hugo Schwendenwein zum 60 Geburtstag, edd. K. Lüdicke, H. Paarhammer, and D. Binder (Graz-Vienna-Cologne 1986) 267-83; idem, 'Frühe Kanonisten und ihre Karriere in der Kirche', ZRG Kan. Abt. 76 (1990) 141. H. Zapp, 'Cardinalis', LMA 2 (1981) 1505.  A. Gouron, 'Le manuscrit de Prague, Metr. Knih. J.74: À la recherche du plus ancien décrétiste à l'Ouest des Alpes', ZRG Kan. Abt. 83 (1997) 233.  Luca Loschiavo, 'Sulle tracce bolognesi del Cardinalis decretista (e legista) del secolo XII', Manoscritti, editoria e biblioteche dal medioevo all'età contemporanea:  Studi offerti a Domenico Maffei per il suo ottantesimo compleanno, ed. Mario Ascheri and Gaetano Colli with Paola Maffei (Roma:  Roma nel Rinascimento, 2006) 2.515-532.  Loschiavo's essay is a detailed summary of his life with a rich bibliography.

 

Raymond of Peñafort. (Ramon de Penyafort, Pennaforte), c. 1180-1275. Catalan canon lawyer. After studying, and teaching philosophy, at Barcelona, he went to study law at Bologna sometime between 1210 and 1221. He entered the Dominican order in 1222 after his return to Barcelona. Called to Rome by Gregory IX in 1230, he presided over the commission which compiled the Liber Extra (the authoritative collection of decretals promulgated by the pope in 1234). Returning again to Catalonia, Raymond was confessor to Jaime I of Aragon (1213-76) and prominent in the activities of the Dominican order, of which he was master-general from 1238 to 1240. Thomas Aquinas wrote his Summa contra Gentiles at Raymond's insistence. He was canonised in 1601. Raymond's literary productivity was enormous and so was his success. Besides being commissioned to compile the Decretales Gregorii IX, which were to remain valid church law until 1918, he also had a great influence as the author of a penitential Summa (ca.1222-25/34) and as a leading administrator of his order. A full account of his works would include a large number of minor treatises, many of which were composed after 1234 and outside of the orbit of canon law school. To avoid incompleteness and misattributions, the present survey lists only those titles that have a direct bearing on law. During his brief period as a canonist at Bologna (1218-1221), Raymond wrote a Summa iuris which he never finished. Simultaneously, he lectured on Gratian's Decretum, as is testified by the survival of marginal glosses. There are further glosses on Compilatio IV. After becoming a Dominican, he composed the penitential Summa de casibus. He later revised it. The printed editions regularly added Raymond's Summa de matrimonio (ca. 1235) as Book IV, although the work, consisting of an update of the earlier treatise by the Bolognese canonist Tancred, had circulated separately in medieval manuscripts.

TEXTS:1. Summa iuris canonici EDITION: J. Rius Serra (Barcelona 1945); and again by X. Ochoa -A. Díez, Summa de iure canonico. Universa Bibliotheca Iuris 1-A (Rome 1975), cf. BMCL 11 (1981) 44 n.16. MANUSCRIPT: Vatican, Bibl. Ap. Borgh. 261, fol. 91-102v (fragmentary, ends 2.39).

2. Glosses on the Decretum MANUSCRIPTS: Tours, Bibl. Munic. 550 (third layer); Vatican, Bibl. Ap. lat. 1367 (third layer).

3. Glosses on Compilatio IV   EDITION: None. MANUSCRIPTS: see S. Kuttner (1950) and (1953).

4. Summula on the arbores des consanguinitate et afinitate EDITION: X. Ochoa - A. Díez, Summula de consanguinitate et affinitate (Universa Bibliotheca Iuris 1-C; Rome 1978), cf. BMCL 11 (1981) 44 n.16. Other minor canonistic writings have been included in the same volume of the edition.

5. Summa de casibus EDITION: First in Rome 1600; most recently by X. Ochoa -A. Díez, Summa de poenitentia. Universa Bibliotheca Iuris 1-B (Rome 1976), cf. BMCL 11 (1981) 44 n.16.

6. Liber Extra (see Decretales Gregorii IX)

7. Summa de matrimonio EDITION: X. Ochoa -A. Díez, Summa de matrimonio. Universa Bibliotheca Iuris 1-C (Rome 1978), cf. BMCL 11 (1981) 44 n.16.

8. Parva collectio decretalium EDITION: see H. Boese, AFP 42 (1972) 69-80.

9. Dubitabilia cum responsionibus EDITIONS: J. F. v. Schulte (1868) 98-102; J. Rius Serra (1954) 22-29.

LITERATURE: H. Boese, `Über die kleine Sammlung gregorianischer Dekretalen des Raymundus de Penyafort O.P.', Archivum Fratrum Praedicatorum 42 (1972) 69-80; M. Diaz y Diaz, Index scriptorum Latinorum Medii Aevi Hispanorum 2 (Salamanca 1959) 1323-45; A. García y García, `Canonistica Hispanica', Traditio 22 (1966) 468-69; idem, `Canonistica Hispanica III', Traditio 26 (1970) 460-62; A. García y García, `La canonistica ibérica', BMCL 11 (1981) 58-60; S. Horwitz, `Magistri and magisterium: Saint Raymond of Peñafort and the Gregoriana', Escritos del vedat 7 (1977) 209-38; T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 3 (Rome 1980) 283-87; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 102, 438-52; idem, `The Barcelona Edition of St. Raymond's first treatise of canon law', Seminar 1 (1950) 52-67; idem, `Zur Entstehungsgeschichte der Summa de casibus poenitentie', ZRG Kan. Abt. 39 (1953) 419-34; idem, `Raymond of Peñafort as editor: The "decretales" and "constitutiones" of Gregory IX', BMCL 12 (1982) 65-80; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 373-87; J. A. Martín Avedillo, `Influjo del canonista Ambrosius en S. Raimundo de Peñafort', Revista española de derecho canonico 26 (1970) 329-55; P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 34-40; R. Naz, `Raymond de Pennafort', DDC 7 (1959) 461-64; K. Pennington, `A "consilium" of Johannes Teutonicus', Traditio 26 (1970) 435-40; idem, `Summae on Raymond of Pennaforts Summa de casibus in the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Munich', Traditio 27 (1971) 471-80. J. Rius Serra, S. Raimundo de Peñafort, Diplomatario (Barcelona 1954); L. Robles, `S. Ramon de Peñafort', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias Eclesiasticas en España 3 (Salamanca 1971) 12-53; J. F. v. Schulte, `Die canonistischen Handschriften in Prag', Abhandlungen der königlich böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften. 6. Folge II.2 (Prague 1868); A. Teetaert, `La "Summa de poenitentia" de S. Raymond de Penyafort', Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 5 (1928) 49-72; idem, `"Summa de matrimonio" S. Raymundi de Penyafort; Jus pontificum 9 (1929) 54-61, 228-34, 312-22; F. Valls Taberner, `San Ramón de Penyafort', Literatura juridica, ed. M. Peláez - J. Gonzáles (Barcelona 1986) 61-182; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht 1 (Munich 1963) 400-402; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 256-258 and passim.  Kenneth Pennington, 'The Church from Pope Innocent III to Pope Gregory IX', Domenico di Caleruega e la nascita dell’ordine dei frati predicatori: Atti del XLI Convegno storico internazionale Todi, 10-12 ottobre 2004 (Centro Italiano di Studi sul Basso Medioevo — Accademia Tudertina. Spoleto: Fondazione Centro Italiano di Studi sull’Alto Medioevo, 2005) 25-37


Raynerius de Pisis, a teacher of canon law at Bologna (fl.1285).

TEXTS: Questio, MANUSCRIPT; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853.

LITERATURE: R. Chabanne, `Rainerius de Pisis', DDC 7 (1959) 451; J. F. v. Schulte, QL II 175.


Ricardus Anglicus (de Mores), 1161-1242, probably studied (and perhaps taught) law at Lincoln and/or Paris during the 1180's. He taught at Bologna from ca. 1191 to ca. 1202 when he was listed as a canon in the Priory of Merton. From 1202 Ricardus was in the service of Archbishop Hubert Walter of Canterbury along with two other noted canonists, John of Tynemouth and Master Honorius. From 1202 until his death in 1242, Ricardus was prior of Dunstable. Ricardus seems to have been very active in legal matters; Sayers has found forty-eight documents listing him as an officer of the court and Innocent III appointed him judge-delegate in a number of important cases.

Although Ricardus's stay at Bologna was not particularly long, it was very productive. In the years from 1191-1202 Ricardus wrote or revised seven of his eight known works. Johannes Bassianus, a civilian of the 1180's, seems to have had an important influence on Ricardus's work. In his ordo iudiciarius, Ricardus used the `ordo of titles' structure pioneered by Johannes. Also, Ricardus used both Roman and canon law in this work and was later acknowledged by Tancred as having been the first to do so. Ricardus's work seems to have influenced Tancred through the Ordo iudiciarius, and also Laurentius Hispanus, so that he may well have been one of Laurentius's teachers. In fact, Laurentius's first work seems to have been a Distinctiones Decretorum modeled on Ricardus's work, and it is interesting to note that Tancred was Laurentius's student.

TEXTS:1. Apparatus ad compilationem primam MANUSCRIPTS: Admont 55, fol. 1-85; Avranches 149, fol. 7-77v; Bamberg Can. 20, fol. 1-54v; Berlin, lat., fol. 1-60; Halle Ye 52, V, fol. 1-5v; Halle Ye 80, fol. 1-78v; Klosterneuburg 90 (frag); Laon 385; Lisbon Alcob. 173 (304), fol. 10v-115ra; London, Lambeth Palace 105, fol. 137-213v; Modena, Estense a.R.4.16 (lat. 968; XII.L.8), fol. 1-76v; Munich, Clm 3879, fol. 1-97v; Munich, Clm 6352, fol. 1-77; Munich, Clm 8302, fol. 4r-93v; Reims 692, fol. 36-111; Salzburg, St. Peter's Archabbey a.IX.18, fol. 2-117; Valenciennes 274; Vatican City, Pal. lat. 652, fol. 1-60; Vatican City, Pal. lat. 696; Worcester F.122; Zwettl 34, fol. 2-81v. Some of Ricardus's glosses on Compilatio prima can also be found in Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349. See Traditio 12 (1956) 560-61; 16 (1960) 559-60.

2. Ordo iudiciarius EDITION: L. Wahrmund, Quellen zur Geschichte des römisch- kanonischen Prozesses im Mittelalter, II, 3 (Innsbruck 1915) [used manuscripts: Douai, Fulda, Vat. lat., and Vienna]. MANUSCRIPTS: A. Original version: St. Gall Stiftsbibl. 683, fol. 186-271; Vatican City, Vat lat. 2691, fol. 49r-58vb. B. Revised version: Brussels, BR 131-134, fol. 104-110va; Douai, BM 644, fol. 1r-16v; Fulda, LB D7, fol. 1r-24v; Vercelli BCap. 176, fol. 1r-13ra; Vienna, ÖNB 2163, fol. 25r-42rb; Zwettl 162, fol. 83r-93vb. DISCUSSION: According to Fowler-Magerl, Ricardus composed this work in England or in Paris prior to 1190, and then revised it later in Bologna. The two manuscripts which contain this early version have no rubrics and cite decretals from an unknown canonical collection which was organized in titles, but not in books. This is most likely related to the Anglo-Norman `Bamberg Group' of decretal collections. In the later manuscripts, which show different stages of development, the work is revised by the addition of rubrics and by changing the citation of decretals in conformity with Compilatio prima. See Linda Fowler-Magerl, Ordo iudiciorum vel ordo iudiciarius (Ius Commune Sonderheft 19; Frankfurt am Main 1984) 114-119.

3. Summa quaestionum EDITION: None; excerpts printed in S. Kuttner and E. Rathbone, `Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Appendix E 355-58; F. Liotta (1971) 226 n.365. MANUSCRIPTS: Monte Cassino 396 pp. 191-247a; Zwettl 162, fol. 179-213r. See Traditio 11 (1955), 448. DISCUSSION: Ricardus likely composed this work in Paris between 1186 and 1187. It bears resemblance to the Anglo-Norman Summa `Omni qui iuste iudicat' and the Summa quaestionum of Master Honorius.

4. Summa breuis super decreta EDITION: None; excerpts printed in S. Kuttner and E. Rathbone, `Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Appendix E 353-55.

MANUSCRIPTS: Dublin, Trinity College 275, pp. 169-83; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11.A.II, fol. 195-203v; Olomouc (Olmütz) State Archives C.O. 209, fol. 267r-268v, 270r-271v; Rein (Reun) 86, fol. 1-5v. See Traditio 11 (1955) 445; 13 (1957) 470.

DISCUSSION: Written most likely at Bologna between 1196-1198.

5. Distinctiones decretorum EDITION: G. Silano, `The "Distinctiones Decretorum" of Ricardus Anglicus' (Ph.D. dissertation: Toronto 1982). MANUSCRIPTS: A. Without Prologue: Douai 649 (582), fol. 7-25vb; London, B.L. 10.C.iii.; Oxford Bodl. Selden supr. 97 (Sum. catal. 3475), fol. 159-181v; Trier, Stadtbibl. 922, fol. 91r-115v. B. With prologue: Breslau, Univ. II.F.44, fol. 135-81r; Douai 644 (580), fol. 17ff; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 10.C.3, fol. 4-48v; Lucca Bibl. Governativa 2698, fol. 165v-199v (formerly 163v-191v); Oppava (Troppau) Silesian Library of Studies R.C.30, fol. 134r-178v; Paris, B.N. lat. 3922B; Paris, B.N. lat. 4276, fol. 1r-52v; Paris Ste.-Geneviève 342; Prague, National Museum XVII.A.XV (I.B.4 Catal. 3789), fol. 176-189v; Prague, Metrop. Chapter I.X.IX (on Causa I); Toledo, Catedral 24-9, fol. 255ra-275r; Trier, Stadtbibl. 978, fol. 167-193r (incomplete: ends at C.27 q.2); Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2691, fol. 1-20r; Vienna lat. 2194, fol. 96-137v; Warsaw, National Library BOZ 63, fol. 240r-308v; Zwettl. 162, fol. 105-122v. See Traditio 11 (1955) 444; 12 (1956) 564; 13 (1957) 469; 15 (1959) 499 no.4; 21 (1965) 512-13; BMCL 4 (1974) 14. DISCUSSION: At least the version with the Prologue was produced at Bologna between 1196-1198. The version without the prologue may be a first recension which could date back to Ricardus's pre-Bolognese career.

6. Argumenta or Notabilia decretorum MANUSCRIPTS: Zwettl 162, fol. 70r-72v. See DDC 7 (1965) 679. DISCUSSION: This work has not been found in a complete form and has not been studied. Stephan Kuttner found what may be a fragment of the work in the Zwettl manuscript, but there is some reason to doubt the ascription. See S. Kuttner, Gratian and the Schools of law 1140-1234 (London 1983) `Retractiones', VIII 337, p.36.

7. Casus decretalium MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 16083, fol. 36-52v; Venice, S. Marco VIII 22, fol. 90-105; Würzburg, Universitätsbibl. Mp. th. 122, fol. 1-16v (lacks prologue). See S. Kuttner, Repertorium 398.

8. Generalia (Brocarda) MANUSCRIPTS: A. standard form: Avranches 149, 139-147v; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 45, fol. 40r-v, 1-7r (incomplete); Bruges, Bibl. de la Ville 366, fol. 27va-50va (different recension?; cf. BMCL 4 [1974] 11, 14); Cambridge, Pembroke 72, fol. 178v-179v (incomplete); Vatican City, Chis. E.VII.218, fol. 74-80r; Zwettl 162, fol. 73r-82r B. short form (lemmata and one reference each): Munich, Clm 8302, fol. 1r-2v, Or-v, 3r; Nürnberg, Stadtbibl. Cent. V.95, fol. 1-6v. See Traditio 11 (1955) 444; 13 (1957) 470; 16 (1960) 562-63; BMCL 4 (1974) 11.

LITERATURE: F. Gillmann, `Ricardus Anglikus als Glossator der Compilatio Ia', AKKR 107 (1927) 575-655. S. Kuttner, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 277-340 [Retractiones to this article in S. Kuttner, Gratian and the Schools of Law 1140-1234 (London: Variorum 1983) Retractiones 17]; idem, `Ricardus Anglicus (Richard de Mores ou de Morins)', DDC 7 (1965) 676-81; idem, and E. Rathbone, `Anglo-Norman canonists of the Twelfth Century: An Introductory Study', Traditio 7 (1949-51) 279-358 [also Retractationes to this article in S. Kuttner, Gratian and the Schools of Law 1140-1234 (London 1983), Retractationes, 36]. C. Lefebvre, `Recherches sur les manuscrits des glossateurs de la Compilatio I: l'oeuvre de Richardus Anglicus', Bibliothèque de la RHE 33 (Louvain 1959) 137-48; C. Lefebvre, `Les gloses à la "Compilatio prima" et les problèmes qu'elles soulèvent', Proceedings Boston (MIC C-1; Vatican City 1965) 63-70. C. Lewis, `Ricardus Anglicus: a "Familiaris" of Archbishop Hubert Walter', Traditio 22 (1966) 469-71; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 220-30. E. M. Meijers, `Ricardus Anglicus et R. de Lacy', TRG 20 (1952) 89-90. J. Sayers, Papal judges-delegate in the province of Canterbury 1198-1254: A Study in Ecclesiastical jurisdiction and administration (Oxford Historical Monographs; Oxford 1971). R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I(Munich 1963) 268-80; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 212-14, 403-07, and passim.





Robert de Sorbon, chancellor of the University of Paris in 1258, was author of a treatise on confession, as well as of a practical guide for confessors.

TEXTS:1. Manuale EDITION: Published as part of the Tractatus novus de poenitentia in Opera(Orleans - Paris 1674) 2.233-38a, of Guillaume d'Auvergne; and again in Maxima bibliotheca patrum 25.352-58. MANUSCRIPTS: Bruges, Grande Sém. 7/231; Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 377; Paris, B.N. lat. 15988.

2. De confessione, MANUSCRIPTS: Bruxelles, Bibl. Roy. 2897; Cambrai, Bibl. Munic. 931; Paris, Ste. Geneviève 1443; Paris, B.N. lat. 12312, lat. 15034, lat. 15952.

LITERATURE: P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge(Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 28-30.



Richard Wetheringsett is the author of a penitential Summa, ca. 1230.

TEXT:1. Summa Qui bene presunt MANUSCRIPTS:

LITERATURE: L. Boyle, `Three English pastoral summae and a "Magister Galienus",' SG 11 (1967) 133-44.





Robert Grosseteste (b. 1168/69), professor of theology at Oxford since the early 1220's and later bishop of Lincoln (1235-53), was the author not only of significant theological and philosophical writings, but also contributed to the penitential literature. These works were the outcome in part of his teaching activities, in part of his administrative duties as a bishop.

TEXTS (on penance only): 1. Confessio generalis EDITION: Only a medieval French version of the treatise has survived, cf. H. Urtel, `Eine altfranzösische Beichte', Zeitschrift für Romanische Philologie 33 (1909) 571-75.

2. De confessione (Deus est quo nichil melius)

3. De modo confitendi (Ad primum dicat sacerdos)

4. Tractatus de confessione (Notus in Judaea)

LITERATURE: S. Gieben, `Bibliographia universa Roberti Grosseteste ab an. 1473 ad an. 1969', Collectanea Franciscana 39 (1969); S. Thomson, `The writings of Robert Grosseteste, bishop of Lincoln, 1235-53 (Cambridge 1940); S. Marrone, `Grosseteste, Robert', DMA 6 (1985) 1-2.





Robert of Flamesbury (Robertus Flamesburiensis), a canon of Saint Victor in Paris and died ca. 1224. In his function as penitentiary of the Bishop of Paris, he authored an important confessional handbook, Poenitentiale, which makes constant reference to canonistic matters. Robert's acquaintance with legal doctrine, however, seems to have derived from the commentaries he consulted, above all from Huguccio. The work was finished sometime between 1207-1213.

TEXTS: Poenitentiale EDITION: J. J. Firth, Liber Poenitentialis: A critical edition with introduction and notes (Toronto 1971).

LITERATURE: F. Firth, `The "Poenitentiale" of Robert of Flamborough', Traditio 16 (1960) 541-56; idem, `More about Roberts of Flamsborough's pentiential;, Traditio 17 (1961) 531-32; S. Kuttner, `Pierre de Roissy and Robert of Flamborough', Traditio 2 (1944) 492-99; P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 21-24.





Rodericus Palentinus (Rodrigo de Palencia), bishop of Palencia (1247-54), had previously studied law at Bologna and become a chaplan at the papal curia (1247). As a magister, Rodericus wrote a treatise de positionum (before 1245), which is very similar to the somewhat later, homonymous work of Martinus de Fano (ed. U. Nicolini, Orbis Romanus 5 [Milan 1935]).

TEXT: 1. Tractatus positionum MANUSCRIPTS: Cordoba, Cat. 150, fol. 6vb-8vb; Gdansk, MS Mar. F.77, fol. 223r; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 943, fol. 61v-62r; Rome, Bibl. Casanat. 1094, fol. 181va-82ra.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias eclesiasticas en España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 386-91.





Rodoicus Modicipassus, a Parisian master, whom Robert of Courcon mentioned once as dead in his theological Summa (1204-1207). Around 1200, he still figures among the canons of the espiscopal chapter at Sens. He does not seem to have been associated with Bologna at any time, although his opinions are cited by several Bolognese masters. Of his writings, a number of canonistic quaestioneshas survived. He was probably author of a commentary on Gratian's De consecratione (part III of the Decretum), which in one copy is ascribed to `R. de parui passu'. It became the standard supplement to the apparatus Ius naturale of Alanus Anglicus.

TEXTS:1. Quaestiones Barcinonenses IV EDITION: J. A. Brundage, Studies in medieval culture5 (1975) 87-95, MANUSCRIPT: Barcelona, AHA S. Cugat 55, fol. 58ra-b. Other quaestiones of Rodoicus are to be found in the quaestiones Barcinonenses I, Pragenses I, and Bambergenses I.

2. Commentary on De consecratione (see Alanus Anglicus, Expleto tractatu de matrimonio)

LITERATURE: J. A. Brundage, `The quaestiones of Robertus Modicipassus in a Barcelona manuscript', Studies in medieval culture 5 (1975) 87-95; G. Fransen, `Un commentaire au "De consecratione",' Traditio 13 (1957) 508-9; F. Gillmann, `Richardus Anglikus als Glossator', AKKR 107 (1927) 588-90; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 20, 45; idem, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 281-82; idem, DDC 7 (1965) 701-2; idem, `Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools (London 1983) 11, 13;





Roffredus Beneventanus, a civilian, studied and taught law at Bologna and Arezzo (1215), then at the newly established University at Naples (since 1224). When Benevent, his hometown, came again under papal influence (1229), he went to Rome and worked at the papal curia. The outcome was a treatise on the procedural practises of the curia (1235/36), in which he tried to outline the canonical rules for his fellow civilians. Roffredus died in Rome soon after 1243.

TEXTS:1. Libelli de iure canonico EDITION: Avignon 1500 (= Torino 1968).

LITERATURE: I. Baumgärtner, `Was muss ein Legist vom Kirchenrecht wissen? Roffredus Beneventanus und seine "Libelli de iure canonico",' Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 223-45; M. Bellomo, `Intorno a Roffredo Beneventano: professore a Roma?', Scuole diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d'Italia 1 (Catania 1986) 137-81.





Rolandus, a canonist who taught at Bologna in the 1150's and 1160's. For a long time, modern scholars have identified him with Rolandus Bandinelli, later Pope Alexander III (1159-81). In truth, both personalities have to be distinguished, since Rolandus continued teaching well into Alexander's pontificate. He composed several versions of a Summa on Gratian's Decretum, called Stroma, and a large number of single glosses. His teachings were further reflected in sets of quaestiones to be associated with his school (see Quaestiones in schola Rolandi disputatae). There also survives from his pen a theological collection of sententie.

TEXTS:1. Stroma EDITION: F. Thaner, Die Summa magistri Rolandi, nachmals Papstes Alexander III (Innsbruck 1874). On the basis of MS Berlin, Savigny 14, and the two Stuttgart manuscripts. R. Weigand, AKKR 149 (1980) 14-22, has noted important variants in the other copies and distinguished five different recensions of the work. MANUSCRIPTS: first recension: Bologna, Archginnasio A 48, fol. 32-60 (contains C.27-C.36). second recension: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 462, fol. 131-46, 87v-88v, 147r-v (contains C.27-C.36); Grenoble, Bibl. Munic. 627, fol. 131-45 (contains C.27-C.36). third recension: Stuttgart, Landesbibl. Jur. 63, fol. 1-34; Worcester, Cath. Q.70, fol. 41-96v (contains C.27-C.36; C.1-C.19 q.1). fourth recension: Berlin, Deutsche Staatsbibl. Savigny 14, fol. 1-88, 97-104, 89-93; London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11 B II, fol. 57-85v, 85v-91v (contains C.27-C.36). fifth recension: Stuttgart, Landesbibl. Jur. 62, fol. 1-58 (without part I). to be analysed: Cambridge, Univ. Libr. Addit. 3321.2, fol. 14-26 (fragment covering C.1 - C.4 q.3: C.13 q.1 - C.23); Liège, Grand Séminaire 6.N.15, fol. 147-78; Zurich, Stadtbibl. C.97, fol. 47v-64v (contains C.27-C.36).

2. Glosses on the Decretum EDITION: R. Weigand, AKKR 149 (1980) 25-32; and again in Miscellanea (1986), has printed many of Roland's glosses from the manuscripts indicated below. Since one of the sigla referring to Rolandus, `R.', coincides with that of his contemporary Rufinus, identification often proves difficult. MANUSCRIPTS: Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsbibl. 44; Paris, N.B. lat. 14316; St. Florian, Stiftsbibl. III.5; Vatican, Bibl. Ap. lat. 3529.

3. Sententie EDITION: A. M. Gietl, Die Sentenzen Rolands, nachmals Papstes Alexander III (Freiburg/B. 1891). R. Weigand, AKKR 149 (1980) 20, has dated the work around 1155, between the third and fourth recension of the Stroma.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, `Manuscrits de Décrétistes dans les Bibliothèques liégeoises', SG 1 (1953) 292-95; idem, `La structure des "Quaestiones disputatae",' Traditio 23 (1967) 519-20; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 127-29; idem, `Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the Schools (London 1983) 33; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 43-49; J. T. Noonan, `Who was Rolandus?', Law, Church, and Society, ed. K. Pennington - R. Somerville (Philadelphia 1977) 21-48; M. Pacaut, `Roland Bandinelli', DDC 7 (1960) esp. 703-709; J. F. v. Schulte, QL I 114-18; A. M. Stickler, `Iter Helveticum', Traditio 14 (1958) 466-68; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1963) 106-26; R. Weigand, `Quaestionen aus der Schule des Rolandus und Metellus', AKKR 138 (1969) 82-94; idem, `Magister Rolandus und Papst Alexander III.', AKKR 149 (1980) 3-44; idem, `Glossem des Magister Rolandus zum Dekret Gratians', Miscellanea Rolando Bandinelli Papa Alessandro III, ed. F. Liotta (Siena 1986) 389-423.


Rufinus, fl. 1150-91,  was the major figure at Bologna in the 1150's. He was born in central Italy. He may have been a disciple of Gratian, but he never linked himself directly to the Magister. The exact dates when he taught canon law at Bologna are very uncertain. It was long thought that he became bishop of Assisi but the evidence for that is very tenuous.  He finished his Summa sometime around 1164. We do not know when he died.  As part of Johannes Faventinus's Summa (1171), the work became the most widely circulating decretist commentary prior to 1215. While scholars long believed that it preceded the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-81), the date of composition recently has been moved to 1164 (A. Gouron). Two of his theological writings also survive, a treatise on peace (ca. 1180-1186) and a collection of sermons.   It was long believed that he preached the openning sermon at the Third Lateran Council but the evidence for this attribution is slim.

TEXTS: 1. Summa decretorum EDITION: H. Singer, Die Summa decretorum des Magister Rufinus(Paderborn 1902). The older edition by J. F. v. Schulte (Giessen 1892) should not be used, because it does not reproduce the text of Rufinus. MANUSCRIPTS: Alencon, Bibl. Munic. 133; Avignon, Bibl. Munic. 661, fol. 3-84; Berlin, Staatsbibl. Phill.,, fol. 57-212v (without part III); Bernkastel-Kues, Sankt-Nikolaus-Hospital, Cusanus-Stiftsbibl. 269 (fly-leaves); Bruges, Bibl. Munic. 351; Cambridge, Caius College 201, fol. 187-202v (D.1-D.36 c.2), fol. 203-242, 244-57 (C.1-C.32 q.1 c.11); Hereford, Cathed. Libr. O.VI.14, fol. -61 (ends at C.16); Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. Rep. I.4.47, fol. 41r-56v (contains D.1-D.23 a.c.21); London, Brit. Libr. Royal 10 B.XVII; London, Brit. Libr. Add. 18460; Lucerne, Zentralbibl. P.MS 21; Monza, Cathedral Chapter I.18/156; Monza, Cathedral Chapter I.19/161, fol. 31-110 (fragmentary); Moulins, Bibl. Munic. 22; Oxford, St. John's Coll. 235 (fly-leaves); Paris, B.N. lat. 4378 (omits C.15-C.36); Paris, B.N. lat. 15993; Reims, Bibl. Munic. 683; Troyes, Bibl. Municip. 695, fol. 25-125 (ends at C.21 q.1 c.2); Vatican, Bibl. Ap. lat. 2585; Vatican, Bibl. Ap. lat. 2586 (ends at C.16 q.3); Vatican, Bibl. Ap. Barb. lat. 1413, fol. 1-106vb (ends at C.35 q.2/3).

2. Glosses on the Decretum EDITION: Rufinus' glosses, predating his Summa, are scattered widely in the manuscripts (cf. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 12). Glosses have been discussed and printed particularly by J. Juncker, ZRG Kan. Abt. 14 (1925) 428-60; R. Weigand (1986) 402-404; and B. Kann (1989) 121-42 (on C.27-30).

3. De bono pacis EDITION: A. Brunacci - G. Catanzaro, Magistri Rufini episcopi De bono pacis (Assisi 1986); PL 150:1591-1638 (earlier recension).

LITERATURE: R. Benson, `Rufin', Dictionnaire de droit canonique 7 1961) 779-84; A. Gouron, `Sur les sources civilistes et la datation des Sommes de Rufin e d'Étienne de Tournai', BMCL 16 (1986) 55-70; J. Juncker, `Summen und Glossen', ZRG Kan. Abt. 14 (1925) 427-62; B. Kann, `Die Rufinglossen zu den Causae 27-30 des Decretum Gratiani', ed. N. Höhl, Ius et historia. Festgabe für Rudolf Weigand zu seinem 60. Geburtstag (Würzburg 1988) 121-42; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 131-32; idem, `Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 280; idem, `Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools (London 1983) 9; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 58-64; G. Morin, `Le discours d'ouverture du Concile général du Lateran (1179) et l'oeuvre littéraire de maître Rufin, évêque d'Assisi', Atti della Pontificia accademia Romana di archeologia, 3rd ser. Memorie 2 (1928) 113-33. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I(Munich 1963) 127-34; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 144-48 and passim; idem, `Glossen des Magister Rolandus zum Dekret Gratians', Miscellanea Bandinelli, ed. F. Liotta (Siena 1986) 402-404.  Roman Deutinger, ‘The Decretist Rufinus — A Well-Known Person?’ BMCL 23 (1999) 10-15. See also Adele Simonetti, ‘Rufino di Assisi e il cod. C.30 Sup. del Ambrosiana,’ Studi medievali 31 (1990) 125-142.

'Secularium negotiorum iudex' (see under Marriage Tract:)

Servus appellatur, an apparatus on Compilatio III, was written prior to 1215. Franz Gillmann, who first discovered and described the work, attributed it to Laurentius Hispanus. It consists, however, of excerpts from many contemporary canonists, compiled by an anonymous author.

EDITION: None

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19 (second layer; incomplete); Kassel, Landesbibl. Jur. 11; Plock, Diocesan Seminary 67, fol. 121-239v (lost in WW II: cf. Traditio 12 [1956] 566); Paris, B.N. lat. 3932; Paris, B.N. lat. 15398

LITERATURE: A. García García, Laurentius Hispanus (Rome/Madrid 1956) 79-87. F. Gillmann, Des Laurentius Hispanus Apparat zu Compilatio III auf der staatlichen Bibliothek zu Bamberg(Mainz 1938); idem, 'Tancreds oder Laurentius Hispanus früherer Apparatus zur Compilatio III in der staatlichen Bibliothek zu Bamberg', AKKR 120 (1940) 201-24. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 356; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 287 n.46. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 329-332; K. Nörr, 'Notes on manuscripts V', Traditio 17 (1961) 543. G. Post, 'The So-called Laurentius-Apparatus to the Decretals of Innocent III in Compilatio III', The Jurist 2 (1942) 5-31. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung (Munich 1963) 339 n.33.


Si persistant in contumacia (see Damasus)


Sicardus Cremonensis (ca.1155-1215), taught at Bologna and in France during the 1170's, before he received a prebend at Mayence (Germany), in 1180. After moving to Rome (1183), he eventually abandoned teaching when he was elected bishop of Cremona in 1185. Sicardus is best known for his world-chronicle, but also wrote mythological, liturgical, and canonistic treatises. To the latter category belongs his Summa on Gratian's Decretum (ca. 1177-79). The work is significant in particular for his method, since it favors didactical and systematic elements at the expense of the explanatory ones. As a result, Sicardus's treatment often follows the format of quaestiones or distinctiones rather than that of a commentary in the proper sense. He always observes, however, the order of the Decretum. Sicardus further added an Apologia, an epilogue to his work (ca. 1183).

TEXTS:1. Summa decretorum EDITION: J. F. v. Schulte, SB Vienna 63 (1869) 340-41, has printed the Apologia. MANUSCRIPTS: Amiens, Bibl. Munic. 377, fol. 2-82v; Arras, Bibl. Munic. 618, fol. 1-66; Augsburg, Stadtbibl. I, fol. 73-137va; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 38, fol. 56-116; Can. 39, fol. 1-12v; 145-56v (contains D.1-D.63, C.27-end); Bernkastel-Kues, Sankt-Nikolaus-Hospital, Cusanus-Stiftsbibl. 226, fol. 5-28v; Brussels, Bibl. Royale 1485-1501, fol. 193vb-218ra, 218vb-244va; Cordoba, Cabildo 137; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 318; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1012, fol. 5 (prologue only, fragmentary); London, Brit. Libr. Add. 18367; Milan, Bibl. Ambrosiana M.64 sup., fol. a.i-a.lxxxiii; Munich, Clm 4555; Munich, Clm 8013; Munich, Clm 11312; Oxford, Corpus Christi College 154, p. 307-355 (D.1-101), p.6-61 (C.1-6), p.62-124 (C.7-24), p.126-153 (C.27-33 q.3); Oxford, Univ. Lib. 117, fol. 129v-140rb (excerpts only); Paris, B.N. lat. 4288, fol. 1-75v; Paris, B.N. lat. 4289; Paris, B.N. lat. 14996, fol. 1-146v; Rome, Bibl. Casanat. 108, fol. 187-246; Rome, Bibl. Vittorio Emanuele 1369, fol. 78ra-86vb, 88ra-117vb (contains D.1-D.63, D.48-C.30); Rouen, Bibl. Munic. 710, fol. 1-63v; Salamanca, Univ. 2247; Trier, Stadtbibl. 922, fol. 1v-59; Vatican, Bibl. Ap. Pal. lat. 653, fol. 65v-112; Vatican, Bibl. Ap. Pal. lat. 362, fol. 164v-172 (De cons. only); Vienna, ÖNB 2166, fol. 1-72v; Zurich, Stadtbibl. C.80, fol. 1-54v.

2. Chronica EDITION: O. Holder-Egger, MGH Scriptores 31 (1903) 78-103.

3. Mitrale EDITION: PL 213:13-146.

LITERATURE: E. Brocchieri, Sicardo di Cremona e la sua opera letteraria (Rome 1958); S. Kuttner, Repertorium 150-53; idem, 'Zur Biographie des Sicardus', ZRG Kan. Abt. 25 (1936) 476-491; idem, 'Réflexions sur les brocards des glossateurs', Melanges de Ghellinck 2 (Gembloux 1952) 767-92; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 301 n.34; idem, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts', Traditio 12 (1956) 562; idem, 'Bertram of Metz', Traditio 13 (1957) 501-503; idem, 'Annual report', Traditio 16 (1960) 533; idem, 'Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the schools (London 1983) 30; A. Lang, 'Rhetorische Einflüsse bei den Glossatoren', ZRG Kan. Abt. 29 (1940) 300-50; C. Lefebvre, 'Sicard de Cremone', DDC 7 (1961) 1008-1011; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 143-46; R. Motzenbäcker, Die Rechtsvermutung im kanonischen Recht (Munich 1958) 93 n.1. J. F. v. Schulte, 'Zur Geschichte des Literatur über das Dekret Gratians', SB Vienna 63 (1869) 340-41. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im knaonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 171-76; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus(Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 184-85 and passim.


Silvester Hispanus (Godinho), a Portuguese, was a Bolgonese canonist who commented on Gratian and the first two Compilationes antiquae. He also wrote an apparatus on Pastoralis officii, issued by Pope Innocent III to instruct the schools on various aspects of delegate procedure (1204). It is the first full apparatus on a single papal document. In 1229, Pope Gregory IX appointed Silvester archbishop of Braga. He died in Italy in 1244. Besides numerous glosses bearing his siglum, 'sil.', we have indirect information about him from his students, of whom Tancred became the most famous.

TEXTS:1. Glosses on the Decretum EDITION: cf. F. Gillmann, AKKR 106 (1926) 149.

2. Glosses to the Collectio decretalium of Alanus Anglicus EDITION: J. Juncker, AKKR 15 (1926) 486 n.1, has printed one gloss.

3. Glosses to Compilatio prima EDITION: cf. F. Gillmann, AKKR 116 (1926) 154.

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19 (second layer); Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 162, fol. 213va.

4. Glosses to Compilatio tertia EDITION: cf. F. Gillmann, AKKR 112 (1932) 104-5; G. Post, AKKR 117 (1937) 405, 414, 422-23; idem, AKKR 119 (1939) 369-73; idem (1940) 25-29.

5. Glosses to Pastoralis officii EDITION: S. Kuttner, Traditio 22 (1966) 474-75, has printed several glosses. MANUSCRIPT: Modena, Bibl. Estense, fol. 77r-v.

LITERATURE: J. da Rosa Pereira, 'Silvestre Godinho, um canonista português', Lumen 26 (1962) 691-98; A. de Sousa Costa, Mestre Silvestre e Mestre Vicente juristas da contenda entre D. Afonso II e suas irmãs (Braga 1963) 15-54; A. García y García, Estudios sobre la canonística portuguesa medieval (Madrid 1976) 106-8; idem, 'La canonística ibérica (1150-1250) en la investigación reciente', BMCL 11 (1981) 56-57; F. Gillmann, 'Magister Silvester als Glossator', AKKR 106 (1926) 99-110; idem, AKKR 112 (1932) 99-100. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 355; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 310; idem, 'Emendationes et notae variae', Traditio 22 (1966) 474-76. G. Post, 'Some unpublished glosses on the Translatio Imperii and the Two Swords', AKKR 117 (1937) 405-422; idem, 'Additional glosses of Johannes Galensis and Silvester', AKKR 119 (1939) 373; idem, 'The So-called Laurentius-Apparatus to the Decretals of Innocent III in Compilatio tertia', The Jurist 2 (1942) 5-31;


Simon of Apulia, an English master of canon law, dean and chancellor of York (1190-1213), and later bishop of Exeter (1213-1224). It is possible that he wrote a canonistic Summa, since a 'Summa magistri Symonis de Apuleya' appears in the fourteenth-century book-inventory of Lanthony Priory (Gloucestershire). The work, however, seems to be lost.

LITERATURE: A. Emden, A biographical register of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500 3 (Oxford 1959) 2144-45; S. Kuttner and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 1 (1943) 306-7; R. Weigand, AKKR 155 (1986) 77.


Simon of Bisignano, taught canon law at Bologna during the 1170's. Besides his glosses, he composed a Summa on Gratian's Decretum which was the first to make significant use of recent papal legislation (extravagantes). The work was completed ca. 1177-79.

TEXTS:1. Glosses on the Decretum EDITION: Many glosses have been edited and discussed by J. Juncker, ZRG Kan. Abt. 15 (1926) 326-500; for a list of manuscripts, cf. also S. Kuttner, Repertorium 12; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 281 n.12.

2. Summa decretorum EDITION: J. F. v. Schulte, SB Vienna 63 (1869) 319-20, has printed the prologue; various passages from his commentary were published by J. Juncker, ZRG Kan. Abt. 15 (1926) 326-500. MANUSCRIPTS: Augsburg, Stadtbibl. 1, fol. 1-72; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 38, fol. 2-54; Durham, Univ. Lib. Cosin V III.3, fol. 78ra-93vb (contains an abbreviated version of the Summa that ends at C. 8 q.1 c.15); London, Brit. Libr. Royal 10 A. III; London, Brit. Libr. Add. 24659, fol. 3-26v, 28-41 (omits C.15 q.7 - C.24); London, Lambeth Palace 411; Paris, B.N. lat. 3934 A, fol. 56-101v (ends at De cons. D.4 c.86); Rome, Bibl. Casanat. 1105, fol. 199-222v (ends at C.10 pr.); Rouen, Bibl. Munic. 710, fol. 64-117v; Vienna, ÖNB 2121, fol. 84r (prologue in form of a marginal gloss).

LITERATURE: W. Holtzmann, 'Zu den Dekretalen bei Simon von Bisignano', Traditio 18 (1962) 450-59; J. Juncker, 'Die Summa des Simon von Bisignano und seine Glossen', ZRG Kan. Abt. 15 (1926) 326-500; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 12, 148-49; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 281; idem, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts', Traditio 11 (1955) 441; idem, 'A note on manuscripts', Traditio 15 (1959) 498; A. Lambert, 'Bisignano, Simon de', DDC 2 (1937) 900; P. Legendre, 'Miscellanea Britannica', Traditio 15 (1959) 494; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 99-105; T. P. McLaughlin, 'The extravagantes in the Summa of Simon de Bisignano', Mediaeval Studies 20 (1958) 167-76; J. F. v. Schulte, 'Geschichte der Literatur über das Dekret Gratians', SB Vienna 63 (1869) 299-323; Schulte, QL I 140-142. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 169-71; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus(Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 173-176 and passim.


Simon of Derby (Derebi), an English master of the 1190's, whose opinions are cited twice in the Quaestiones Londinenses.

TEXT: see Quaestiones Londinenses

LITERATURE: A. Emden, A biographical register of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500 1 (Oxford 1957) 571; S. Kuttner and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949-51) 320; S. Kuttner, 'Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the schools (London 1983) 33.


Simon of Hinton, an English Dominican, composed a penitential Summa (ca. 1250-60) which is heavily based on that of Master Galienus.

TEXT: 1. Speculum iuniorum, EDITION: Gerson, Opera omnia (Antwerp 1706) 1.233-422.

MANUSCRIPTS: See L. Boyle, SG 11 (1966) 139 n.12, listing some thirty MSS.

LITERATURE: L. Boyle, 'Three English pastoral summae and a "Magister Galienus",' SG 11 (1967) 133-44; A. Dondaine, 'La somme de Simon de Hinton', Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 9 (1937) 5-22, 205-18.


Simon of Sywell (Southwell), a master of the English canon law school, probably at Oxford, during the 1190's. Some of his teachings are reported, along with those of other English masters such as John of Tynemouth, in a manuscript of the Decretum at Cambridge, Gonville and Caius 676. He probably had taught before at Bologna for some time, and may further be identical with 'magister si.', frequently cited in the Quaestiones Londinenses. Simon also produced glosses on an abbreviated version of the sentences of Peter of Poitiers. He held a prebend at Lincoln chapter before he became treasurer of Lichfield in 1202.

TEXTS:1. Reportatio on the Decretum (see John of Tynemouth)

2. Quaestiones (see Quaestiones Londinenses)

3. Glosses on Peter of Poitiers, Sententiae EDITION: Discussed by E. Rathbone (1976) 287-306. MANUSCRIPT: London, Lambeth Pal. 142.

LITERATURE: A. Emden, A biographical register of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500 3 (Oxford 1959) 1704; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 251; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman canonists', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 316-21, 324-27; S. Kuttner, 'Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the schools (London 1983) 32-33, 35; C. E. Lewis, 'Ricardus Anglicus: A "familiaris" of archbishop Hubert Walter', Traditio 469-71; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 166-67; E. Rathbone, 'Peter of Corbeil in an English setting', Medieval learning and literature (Oxford 1976) 287-306.


Sive mente excedimus (see Ecce vicit leo)


Stephanus Bonerius (Bonnier; Provincialis), a canon at Narbonne, was active at the Roman Curia as doctor decretorum, until he went to Bologna to teach Gratian's Decretum in 1290. After teaching there for 7 years, he returned to Rome and died in 1298.

TEXTS: 1. Quaestiones, MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can.48; Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 853.

LITERATURE: A. Gouron, 'Canonistes et civilistes des écoles de Narbonne et de Béziers', Proceedings Toronto (MIC C-5; Vatican City 1976) 528-30; G. Lepointe, 'Étienne Bonnier', DDC 5 (1953) 486-87; Schulte, QL II 164-65.


Stephanus Tornacensis (Etienne de Tournai), born 1128 and canon at St. Euverte in Orleans since 1155, around 1160 went to Bologna to study canon law. A few glosses of his on the Decretumsurvive from this early period, most of which are signed 'S.' Before he returned to his native France to become abbot of St. Euverte in 1167, he completed his decretist Summa (1165/66), which became the basic canonistic commentary for the emerging French school. Therefore, he is often considered the founder of the transalpine decretist schools. Despite his ecclesiastical career, Stephan continued to write decretist glosses well into the 1170's. The other writings of Stephan rather focused on the pastoral and diplomatic duties of his later ecclesiastical career. After a decade at Orleans, he became abbot of Ste. Geneviève in Paris (1177), before he was finally appointed bishop of Tournay (1192) by Pope Celestine III. From that period collections of his sermons and his letters survive. As Rudolf Weigand has shown, Stephan also continued to write glosses (siglum 'st<e>.') on the Decretum well into the 1170's, long after he had left Bologna and assumed the responsibilites of an abbot. He died in 1203.

TEXTS: 1. Glosses on the Decretum, EDITION: see R. Weigand, ZRG Kan. Abt. 72 (1986) 352-61.

2. Summa decretorum, EDITION: In part, by F. J. v. Schulte, Die Summa des Stephan von Doornick über das Decretum Gratiani (Giessen 1891). Schulte omitted many of the passages borrowed by Stephan from Paucapalea, Rolandus, and Rufin, and wrongly assumed Stephan's authorship for the commentary on part III. As S. Kuttner, Traditio 14 (1958) 502-5, has shown, Stephan never commented on this section. H. Kalb (1983) 113-120, has offered a critical edition of Stephan's prologue. MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 17162 (first recension?); Alençon, Bibl. Munic. 134 (contains prol. - D.15 twice); Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Patr. 18, fol. 157-239; Patr. 128, fol. 1-2ra, 9ra (fragment including D.1-2, 31-32); Berlin, Staatsbibl. Phill.,, fol. 1-57 (part I only); Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. qu. 193 (omits D.18 c.4 - C.1 q.1 c.122); Brussels, Bibl. Royale 1410, fol. 3-148v; Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 173 (prologue only: lost in WW II); Dublin, Trinity Coll. H.2.15a, p.89-90 (C.1 q.2 c.2 - q.3 c.7); Leiden, Univ. Lib. Publ. lat. 127 Ac; Leningrad, Publ. Lib. lat. F.II vel. 23, fol. 2 (beginning of prologue); Mainz, Stadtbibl. 477, fol. 37-116 (part II only); Milan, Bibl. Ambrosiana R.73 sup., fol. 1-82v, 108-115v, 91-107v, 83-90v, 116r-v; Monza, Cath. Chapter i.19/161, fol. 3-30 (covers C.22 q.2 - C.36); Munich, Clm 14403, fol. 9-118v; Olomouc, Statni Arch. C.O.209, fol. 266r (fragment on prologue); Oslo, Nat. Arch. fragm. 159 (four leaves containing D.3-5, 7, 17-20, 21); Oxford, Queens Coll. 317, fol. 140ra-142va (fragment including D.30 c.17 - D. 39 c.11); Paris, B.N. lat. 3912; Paris, B.N. lat. 3913; Paris, B.N. lat. 3919 A, fol. 1-145; Paris, B.N. lat. 14609, fol. 2-92; Paris, Ste. Geneviève 1625, fol. 198 (fragment of the prologue); St. Florian, Stiftsbibl. III.5 (excerpts added to the margin of Gratian's Decretum); Salamanca, Univ. 2075, fol. 138-288; Trier, Stadtbibl. 905 (with marginal glosses); Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 640, fol. 1-145r; Turin, B.N. D.IV.40; Vatican City, Arch. S. Pietro G.16bis (part II only, omitting C.1 q.1 c.8 - C.1 q.4 p.c.11, and de pen.); Arch. S. Pietro C.114, fol. 341-42 (contains two of the folios missing from MS G.16bis, containing C.1 q.1 c.29-56 and c.97-122); Vat. lat. 2585, fol. 43r-v (fragment of prologue); Vat. Borgh. 287, fol. 11r-42, 51-58, 43-50, 59-109v; Worcester, Cathed. Q.44, fol. 1-86vb.

3. Collection of Letters, EDITION: PL 211:309-576; critical edition by J. Desilve, Lettres d'Étienne de Tournai (Valenciennes - Paris 1893). The same edition included other, minor writings of Stephan.

4. Collection of Sermons, EDITION: PL 211 has printed the first of the 31 sermons, and a list of contents for the remaining ones.

LITERATURE: P. Delhaye, 'Etienne de Tournai', DHGE 15 (1963) 1274-78; A. Gouron, 'Les sources civilistes et la datation des Sommes de Rufin et d'Étienne de Tournai', BMCL 16 (1986) 55-70; H. Kalb, Studien zur Summa Stephans von Tournai (Innsbruck 1983). R. G. Knox, 'The Problem of academic language in Rufin and Stephan', Proceedings Berkeley (MIC C-7; Vatican City 1985) 109-123. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 133-36; idem, 'Bemerkungen zum Verhältnis von Theologie und Kanonistik am Beispiel Rufins und Stephans von Tounai', ZRG Kan. Abt. 72 (1986) 338-48; idem, 'Les débuts de l'école canoniste francaise', SDHI 4 (1938) 192-204; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 282-83; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman canonists', Traditio 7 (1949/51) passim; idem, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts I-III', Traditio11 (1955) 440-41; 12 (1956) 563; 13 (1957) 469; idem, 'The third part of Stephen of Tournai's Summa', Traditio 14 (1958) 502-06; idem, 'Notes on manuscripts', Traditio 15 (1959) 498, 17 (1961) 533; S. Kuttner, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the schools (London 1983) 9. E. Lepointe, 'Étienne de Tournai', DDC 5 (1953) 487-492; D. Lindner, 'Stefan von Tournai', LThK 9 (1964) 1047-48; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 81-88; Schulte, QL I 133-36; J. Warichez, Étienne de Tournai et son temps, 1128 à 1203 (Paris 1937). R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 135-41; R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 148-51, 349-52, and passim; idem, 'Studien zum kanonistischen Werk Stephans von Tournai', ZRG Kan. Abt. 72 (1986) 349-361.


Summa Actor et reus, the title given by L. Wahrmund to a procedural treatise, written during the pontificate of Gregory IX (1227-1241). It enjoyed wide distribution and was originally combined from two earlier ordines, Quidam impetravit litteras and Nos petimus. Stephan Kuttner has associated these two with the Anglo-Norman school of canon law and dated them around 1200.

EDITION: L. Wahrmund, AKKR 79 (1899) 403-24, 603-28

MANUSCRIPTS: See the list in L. Fowler-Magerl (1984) 210-14.

LITERATURE: L. Fowler-Magerl, Ordo iudiciorum vel ordo iudcarius (Frankfurt/M. 1984) 203-7, 210-14; Stephan Kuttner, 'Analecta iuridica Vaticana', Collectanea Vaticana in honorem Anselmi M. Card. Albareda I. Studi e Testi 219 (Vatican City 1962) 415-52; J. Sayers, 'An Evesham manuscript containing the treatise known as "Actor et Reus", BMCL 6 (1976) 75-81; L.Wahrmund, 'Actor et reus', AKKR 79 (1899) 403-24, 603-28


Summa ad iniungendam penitentiam, a brief confessional manual by an author who identifies himself as 'Richardus' in the prologue. He designed the work as a guide for theologians. In the manuscript from Kynzwart, it appears appended to the Decretum versificatum of Werner of Schussenried (Suebia), which was completed in 1207. The Summa was probably written not much later. Since it once refers to the penitential Summa of Peter of Capua, moreover, it must have been written after 1201/2. An abbreviated version of Richardus's treatise later circulated as the Summa Pseudo-Prepositini.

EDITION: M. Bohacek, Traditio 18 (1962) 481, has printed the prologue.

MANUSCRIPTS: Stuttgart, Landesbibl. HB.I.70; Kynzwart, Castle 20-H-27, fol. 135ra-140ra.

LITERATURE: M. Bohacek, 'Un manuscrit intéressant du "Compendium" de Werner von Schussenried', Traditio 18 (1962) 472-82; idem, 'Summa Richardi a Summa Pseudo-Prepositini', Studie o rukopisech (1963) 175-84; S. Kuttner, 'Brief notes', Traditio 19 (1963) 537-38; P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (XII-XVI siècles) (Louvain - Lille - Montréal 1962) 20.


Summa Alenconensis, one of the earliest decretist commentaries, largely depending on the work of Paucapalea.

EDITION: none.

MANUSCRIPT: Alençon, Bibl. Munic. 134, fol. 163r-96v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Annual report', Traditio 15 (1959) 452.


Summa Animal est substantia (Bambergensis), an anonymous French apparatus on the Decretum. It was composed ca. 1206-10 and reveals a strong interest in the doctrines of Roman law. The designation as a Summa is traditional ever since Schulte discovered the work the Bamberg MS, but the MSS found more recently rather transmit is as an apparatus, i.e. together with the text of Gratian's Decretum. A. Stickler has further indicated that the work is closely related to the Glossa Cusana.

EDITION: E. M. de Groot, Doctrina de iure naturali et positivo humano in Summa Bambergensi (DD.1-20) (Nijmegen 1970) has edited the text on D.1-20.

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 42, fol. 100-107v, 29-49ra, 50-99v, 108-119r (without C.1 and ending at C.24 q.3 c.6); Bernkastel-Kues, Sankt-Nikolaus-Hospital, Cusanus-Stiftsbibl. 223 (second layer, see Glossa Cusana), Liège, Univ. Lib. 127E (on part I-II, partly conflated with the apparatus Ecce vicit Leo); Luxembourg, B.N. 139 (fourth layer).

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, 'Manuscrits des décrétistes dans les Bibliothèques Liégeoises', SG 1 (1953) 298-300; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 206-207; idem, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts', Traditio 11 (1955) 447; 12 (1956) 564, 13 470; idem, 'Varia', Traditio 14 (1958) 509. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 152-64. A. Stickler, 'Decretistica Germanica adaucta', Traditio12 (1956) 599; Schulte, QL I 226; A. Stickler, 'Zum Apparat "Animal est substantia",' BMCL 1 (1971) 73-75; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 297 n.34; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten (Munich 1967) 246-50, 258, 276, 302-5, 334-335, 343, 345, 348, 354, 371, 418, 426-27, 436.


Summa Antiquitate et tempore, a Summa on part I of the Decretum, which was composed by a French master of the Arts during the 1170's. It contains references suggesting that the author taught at Cologne for some time. He also wrote Notule super libello de signficationibus uerborum, which, however, have not yet been found. The Summa probably never covered more than D.1-101 of Gratian's work. The Mainz and Vatican MSS include only D.1-10 of Antiquitate et tempore, and preserve for the rest of part I an adaptation of Rufin's Summa and Antiquitate et tempore, the so-called Pseudo-Rufinus.

EDITION: In part by J. F. v. Schulte, Die Summa magistri Rufini zum Decretum Gratiani (Giessen 1892), who mistook the text in MS Göttingen for the commentary of Rufinus. The error was discovered by Tanon (1888) and Singer (1895), who also printed numerous excerpts.

MANUSCRIPTS: Göttingen, Nieders. Staats- und Universitätsbibl. Jur. 159 (ends at D.89 c.2); Mainz, Stadtbibl. 477, fol. 1-37r (contains D.1-10, followed by Pseudo-Rufinus); Prague, Universitätsbibl. Lib. XIV.E.31, fol. 1-35r (as in MS Mainz); Vatican, Pal. lat. 678, fol. 34-70v (D.1-10, followed by Pseudo-Rufinus).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 178-79; idem, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts', Traditio 11 (1955) 446; idem, "Bertram of Metz', Traditio 13 (1957) 502-505; idem and Eleanor Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman canonists', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 299-301; idem, 'Gratian and Plato', Church and Government in the Middle Ages, ed. C.N.L. Brooke et al. (Cambridge 1976) 93-118; S. Kuttner, 'Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the schools (London 1983) 29-30. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 131-34; H. Singer, 'Beiträge zur Würdigung der Dekretistenlitteratur II', AKKR 73 (1895) 3-; L. Tanon, 'Étude de littérature canonique. Rufin et Huguccio', Nouvelle Revue historique de Droit français et étranger 12 (1888) 822-31; 13 (1889) 681-728. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26: Munich 1967) 315, 338, 365.


Summa, Aschaffenburg MS Perg.26 is a fragmentary decretist commentary (C.12 q.1 a.c.1 - C.12 q.2 c.73), written after 1181. It shares many of its features with the Summa Casinensis, and may in fact be a part of it.

MANUSCRIPT: Aschaffenburg, Hofbibl. Perg. 26, fol. 218ra-227rb.

LITERATURE: H. Van de Wouw, 'Notes on the Aschaffenburg manuscript Perg.26', BMCL 3 (1973) 100-01, 106.


Summa Bambergensis (see Summa Animal est Substantia)


Summa Bernardus Papianus prepositus (see Bernardus Papianus prepositus)


Summa Bernardus Papiensis prepositus offers a commentary on Compilatio I.

MANUSCRIPT: Lons-Le-Saunier, Arch. Dep. 17, fol. 1-52.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 391.


Summa Boni a deo patre crediti, a fragmentary decretist Summa of the French school, depending on the Summa Monacensis and written not after 1179. The author often employs schemes of distinctions as an explanatory tool. The work is also closely related to the Summa Inter cetera.

EDITION: MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 16084, fol. 74-77r (ends at D.18).

LITERATURE: F. Heyer, 'Namen und Titel des gratianischen Dekrets', AKKR 104 (1914) 510 n.45; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 183; idem, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts', Traditio 11 (1955) 446; H. Singer, 'Beiträge zur Würdigung der Dekretistenlitteratur I', AKKR 69 (1893) 379. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 163, 166, 392, 397-98.


Summa brevis anonyma (see Casus decreti Tractaturus)


Summa Bruxellensis offers a summary to each title of Compilatio I. It closely follows the Summaof Bernard of Pavia, of which it often presents no more than an abbreviation.

MANUSCRIPT: Brussels, Bibl. Royale 1407-9, fol. 1-90.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 390-91.

Summa Casinensis (Continuatio prima). This decretist commentary, written at Bologna in 1185/86, was discovered by Stephan Kuttner in a Monte Cassino manuscript, where it covers Gratian's Causa1, Causa 23-26 (the so-called Cause hereticorum) and (fragmentary) De consecratione. Its anonymous author claims to have commented on other parts of the Decretum as well, yet it remains uncertain whether any of them survives. Perhaps, the fragmentary decretist comment in an Aschaffenburg MS (Perg. 26, fol. 218ra-227rb) belongs to the Summa Casinensis. The work gained importance not so much by itself, but due to the fact that it came to serve as the standard supplementary text for the unfinished parts of Huguccio's widely read Summa, from C.23 q.4 c.34 to C.26. It completes Huguccio's commentary in 12 copies, whence medieval authors often attributed it to Huguccio himself. Modern students have instead described it as a Continuatio of Huguccio's work. However, a closer look at the Summa Casinensis suggests that the author based his work on a reportatio of Bazianus' lectures rather than on those of Huguccio. Concerning the identity of the canonist who composed the work, the text contains many references to Southern Italy, especially Campania. The same is evident in a contemporary decretist writing, the Summa Reginensis, so that it may reflect the predilections of a teacher they had in common.

EDITION: None. T. Lehnherr (1987) 226-28, has printed some excerpts.

MANUSCRIPTS: a) With all known parts: Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell'abbazia 396, p. 113a-190b (ends at De cons. D.2 c.44). b) On Causa 1 and the Cause Hereticorum: Paris, B.N. lat. 15396, fol. 100ra-107rb; lat. 15397, fol. 46vb-58rb. c) On the Cause Hereticorum: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can 17, fol. 310r-324v; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 985, fol. 234r-254r (ends at C.24 q.3 c.29); Salamanca, Bibl. Univ. 1930. d) On C.23 q.4 c.33/34 - C.26: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 7, fol. 325ra-333vb (begins at C.24); Florence, Bibl. Laurenziana Fes. 126, fol. 109rb-125rb; Florence, Bibl. Laurenziana Plut. I sin. 4, fol. 284ra-295r; Lons-Le-Saunier, Archive Dep. 16, fol. 313ra-325rb; Paris, B.N. lat. 3892, fol. 272ra-281va; Rouen, Bibl. Munic. 749, fol. 245rb-256va; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2280., fol. 248rb-256ra; e) Fragments: Paris, BN lat. 15397, fol. 2ra-vb (contains C.1-C.1 q.1 c.13).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL I 157-61; F. Gillmann, AKKR 92 (1912) 367; idem, AKKR 94 (1914) 246 n.; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 158, 166; idem, Traditio 1 (1943) 283 n.23; S. Kuttner, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the Schools of Law (1140-1234) (London 1983) 11-12. T. Lehnherr, Die Exkommunikationsgewalt der Häretiker bei Gratian und den Dekretisten bis zur Glossa Ordinaria des Johannes Teutonicus (St. Ottilien 1987) 226-28.


Summa Coloniensis (see Summa Elegantius in iure diuino)


Summa Conditio ecclesiastice religionis (Pseudo-Rufinus) consists of a comment on part II-III of Gratian's work, which is basically copied out of Rufin's Summa. This misled Schulte, who provided an edition of Rufinus (1892), as he believed, on the basis of the Summa Conditio. The excerpts were written either before the appearance of the Summa of Johannes Faventinus (1171) or not much later.

EDITION: In part by J. F. v. Schulte, Die Summa magistri Rufini zum Decretum Gratiani (Giessen 1892), with wrong attribution.

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 17, fol. 147-62 (C.1-C.23 q.6); Vatikan, Bibl. Ap. Pal. lat. 678, fol. 5-33v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 132-33. A. Stickler, 'Iter Helveticum', Traditio 14 (1958) 467-68.


Summa Cum in tres partes, of French origin and composed ca. 1170, is a commentary on the second part of the Decretum. Based on the Summa of Stephanus, it shows many parallels to another Summa, Quoniam status ecclesiarum.

MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 16540, fol. 1-105 (contains part II, with lacuna between C.32 q.2 and C.33 q.2).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 138-39; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 142.


Summa De iure canonico tractaturus (see Honorius)


Summa De iure naturali, an Anglo-Norman Summa on the Decretum, written with constant reference to the Summa of Johannes Faventinus (1171) and before the Lateran council of 1179. The work is also closely related and in part even identical with the Summa De multiplici iuris.

MANUSCRIPT: Durham, University Cosin V.III.3, fol. 30ra-70vb (ends at C.30).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Notes on Manuscripts', Traditio 17 (1961) 533-34; idem, 'Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the schools (London 1983) 28; P. Legendre, 'Miscellanea Britannica', Traditio 15 (1959) 494; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 73-77; K. Nörr, 'Die Summen "De iure naturali" und "De multiplici iuris divisione",' ZRG Kan. Abt. 48 (1962) 138-63.


Summa De multiplici iuris divisione is the earliest full treatise on Gratian from the Anglo-Norman school, composed ca. 1170. The work was one of the principal sources of the English Summa De iure naturali.

MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Pembroke Coll. 72, fol. 68-75v (ends at C.24 q.3); Cambridge, Trinity Coll. O.7.40, fol. 247; London, Lambeth Palace 139, fol. 152-159, 144-151 (contains D.1-C.7 q.1, C.17-36).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 139-41; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 293; S. Kuttner, 'Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the schools (London 1983) 28. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 73-77. K. Nörr, 'Die Summen "De iure naturali" und "De multiplici iuris divisione",' ZRG Kan. Abt. 48 (1962) 138-63.


Summa Duacensis (Induent sancti), and Anglo-Norman Summa on the Decretum, written after the appearance of Compilatio I, which it usually cites for extravagantes. In the Hague MS, the earliest papal letter dates to 1193. Other internal evidence suggests that the work was completed no later than 1195. The apparatus Ius naturale of Alanus counts among its most recent sources.

EDITION: R. Fraher, Summa 'Induent sancti' (MIC A-4; Vatican City 1991).

MANUSCRIPTS: Den Haag, Mus. Meermanno-Westr. 10.B.33; Douai, Bibl. Munic. 649, fol. 96ra-140vb; Luxembourg, Bibl. Nat. 135, fol. 174-206.

LITERATURE: R. Fraher, 'Alanus Anglicus and the Summa "Induent sancti",' BMCL 6 (1976) 47-54; S. Kuttner, 'Annual report', Traditio 13 (1957) 466; idem, 'Notes on manuscripts', Traditio 17 (1961) 534. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 239-43; B. Tierney, 'Pope and council: Some new decretist texts', Mediaeval Studies 19 (1957) 217; idem, 'Two Anglo-Norman Summae', Traditio 15 (1959) 483-91. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten (Munich 1967) 238-241, 250, 270, 279-80, 300-01, 322, 334, 339, 343, 351, 367-68, 371, 382-83, 425, 440.


Summa Dubitatur a quibusdam, a Bolognese commentary on the Decretum which depends heavily on the Summa of Simon of Bisignano (1177-79). The major purpose of the work was to transform Simon's model into the format of propedeutical quaestiones.

MANUSCRIPTS: Arras, Bibl. Munic. 271, fol. 162-77v (ends at De cons. D.4 c.150).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 154; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 314 n.66, 343. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus(Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 174, 286.

Summa Elegantius in iure diuino (or Coloniensis), contains a commentary on part I-II of Gratian's Decretum which was composed in the archdiocese of Cologne in 1169. The anonymous author, according to some Betram of Metz, according to others Geoffrey of Cologne, belonged to the French school and introduced a methodological novelty in that he included a paraphrase of all those of Gratian's canons he discussed. Although he followed the argument as given in the Decretum, he further rearranged it in an order of his own.

EDITION: G. Fransen - S. Kuttner, (MIC A-1.1-3+); the edition so far offers the text until C.26 q.3/4.

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 39, fol. 13-144 (ends at C.27); Paris, B.N. lat. 14997, fol. 1-183; Vienna, ÖNB 2125, fol. 11v-254.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen and S. Kuttner, edd., Summa 'Elegantius in iure divino' seu Coloniensis(MIC A-1.1; New York 1969; A-1.2; Vatican City 1978; A-1.3; Vatican City 1986). P. Gerbenzon, 'Bertram of Metz, the author of "Elegantius in iure divino"?, Traditio 21 (1965) 510-11; idem, 'Haet is riocht? (What is law?)', BMCL 1 (1971) 83-86. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 170-72; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 298-300; S. Kuttner, 'A forgotten definition of justice', SG 20 (1976) 75-109. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 126-30. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I(Munich 1963) 151-54; R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 157-60 and passim.


Summa Elnonensis, a French commentary on Gratian's treatment of procedure (C.2-6), written after the appearance of the Summa of Stephan of Tournai (ca. 1165/66) and probably before the Summa Parisiensis (1170?). The work repeteadly mentions opinions held by a certain 'm(agister) ge.', who may have been the author himself. Gerard Fransen has tentatively suggested his identity with Gerard Pucelle.

EDITION: none; G. Fransen, SG 13 (1967) 90-105, has printed and discussed numerous excerpts. MANUSCRIPT: Valenciennes, Bibl. Munic. 193, fol. 111rb-115rb.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, 'Colligite fragmenta: La Summa Elnonensis', SG 13 (1967) 85-108.


Summa 'Et est sciendum' (Glossae Stuttgardiensis), a decretist commentary from the French school, written in the diocese of Sens during the pontificate of Lucius III (1181-85).

EDITION: none; F. Gillmann, AKKR 107 (1927) 192-250, also (with additions) printed separately (Mainz 1927) 3-70, has offered a substantial number of excerpts.

MANUSCRIPTS: Barcelona, ACA S.Cugat 55, fol. 67-89 (contains part I only); Stuttgart, Landesbibl. hist., fol. 419, fol. 34-48rb, 49 (part I only); Rouen, Bibl. Munic. 710, fol. 118-141ra (ends at C.9 q.3 c.20).

LITERATURE: F. Gillmann, 'Die Dekretglossen des Cod. Stuttgart. hist. f. 419', AKKR 107 (1927) 192-250; revised and enlarged in a separate print under the same title (Mainz 1927) 3-70; reprinted in Gesammelte Schriften zur klassischen Kanonistik von Franz Gillmann 1, ed. R. Weigand (Würzburg 1988) no.14; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 195-96; idem, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts', Traditio 11 (1955) 447; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 147-52. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 191-96, 269, 280, 289-90, 292, 353, 369.


Summa Fecit Moyses tabernaculum, a commentary on De consecratione, which appears appended to the Summa of Stephan of Tournai in three manuscripts. For that reason, scholars have long mistaken it as part of Stephan's work. In truth, it was written independently and probably dates around 1165.   Peter Landau argues that it belongs to the School of Cologne

EDITION: in part by J. F. v. Schulte (1891) 259-81. Schulte omitted many of the passages borrowed from Paucapalea, Rolandus, and Rufin, and wrongly assumed Stephan's authorship; cf. S. Kuttner, Traditio 14 (1958) 502-5.

MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. qu. 193 (ends at ed. Schulte 262.26); Mainz, Stadtbibl. 477; Troyes, Bibl. munic. 640.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Brief notes', Traditio 14 (1958) 502-5. J. F. v. Schulte (ed.), Die Summa des Stephan von Doornick über das Decretum Gratiani (Giessen 1891). Peter Landau, 'Die Dekretsumme Fecit Moyses tabernaculum  ̶  ein weiteres Werk der Kölner Kanonistik', ZRG Kan. Abt. 96 (2010) 602-608.


Summa Gallicana-Bambergensis (see Distinctiones Consuetudo)


Summa In eadem civitate (or Sicardus abbreviatus), a French Summa on the Decretum which offers, apart from the first prologue influenced by Stephanus of Tournai, a mere collection of excerpts from Sicardus of Cremona.

EDITION: none.

MANUSCRIPT: Boulogne-sur-Mer, Bibl. Munic. 119, fol. 2-62.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 282 n.20; idem, 'Réflexions sur les Brocards des glossateurs', Mélanges Joseph de Ghellinck (Gembloux 1952) 2.785 n.76. .


Summa In nomine, an incomplete decretist Summa from the Anglo-Norman school, closely related to the Summa Lipsiensis and the Summa De iure canonico tractaturus. This suggests a date around 1185.

EDITION: none.

MANUSCRIPTS: Oriel College MS 53, fol. 356r-363v.

LITERATURE: Traditio 13 (1957) 466; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 199-204; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 296 n.28. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 196-200.


Summa Induent sancti (see Summa Duacensis)


Summa Inter cetera que ecclesiastice dignitati, fragment of a decretist Summa from the orbit of the Summa Monacensis.

EDITION: The Prologue and parts of the commentary have been printed by H. Singer, AKKR 69 (1893) 445-46; cf. also F. Heyer, AKKR 94 (1914) 510 n.45; F. Gillmann, AKKR 106 (1926) 550.

MANUSCRIPT: Leiden, Univ. Vulc. 48, fol. 9r-24r (parts I-II); Munich, Clm 16084, fol. 64v-65 (ends at D.1 c.4).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 182; idem, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts', Traditio11 (1955) 446. A. Teetaert, 'Commentationes historicae iuris canonici', Collectanea Franciscana 14 (1944) 239. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 166-72, 464-65.


Summa Iuditiorum instrumenta consists mainly of excerpts taken from the Summa Monacensis. The work includes a prologue and a comment loosely referring to D.1-20.

EDITION: parts have been printed by H. Singer, AKKR 69 (1893) 375, 441.

MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 16084, fol. 28-29r.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 181; idem, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts', Traditio11 (1955) 446. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 163, 166, 397-98.


Summa Ius aliud diuinum, a fragmentary decretist commentary from the earliest phase of the Bolognese school, ca. 1148-59.

EDITION: none.

MANUSCRIPTS: Milan, Bibl. Ambrosiana H.94 sup., fol. 73r, 74r-80v (ends at D.54).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 279 n.1; idem, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts', Traditio 11 (1955) 440; F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici(Milan 1971) 39-41. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 142-43, 265-66, 282, 362, 386, 393.


Summa Lipsiensis (see Summa Omnis qui iuste iudicat)


Summa Materia auctoris in hoc opere (see Materia auctoris etc.)


Summa matrimonii ('Secularium negotiorum iudex'), a commentary on C.27-36 of Gratian's Decretum that is closely related to the Summa Conditio ecclesiastice religionis.

MANUSCRIPT: Zurich, Zentralbibl. C.97.II, fol. 76v-81v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 133. A. Stickler, 'Iter Helveticum', Traditio 14 (1958) 467-68.


Summa Monacensis (Inperatorie maiestati), a French decretist Summa, written ca. 1175-1178. The work constantly employs distinctions as an explanatory tool, a technique later again adopted by Sicardus of Cremona. While it was formerly thought that the work had originated from Carinthia, far away from the centers of canonistic learning, W. Stelzer has demonstrated that only the copy now in Munich can be associated with that region and the Carinthian native Konrad of Albeck, provost at Brixen (ca. 1173-1183/85).

EDITION:  None; for some printed passages see the survey of W. Stelzer, MIÖG 88 (1980) 96 n.8

MANUSCRIPTS: Arras, Bibl. Munic. 271, fol. 183vb-188r (miscellaneous excerpts); Munich, Clm 16084, fol. 1-9v, 11-16v, 18-27v (ends at C.33 q.1 c.3).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 179-80; idem, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts', Traditio 11 (1955) 446; idem, 'A forgotten definition of justice', SG 20 (1976) 87-90. H. Singer, 'Beiträge zur Würdigung der Decretistenlitteratur I', AKKR 69 (1893) 369-447; W. Stelzer, 'Die Summa Monacensis ("Summa Inperatorie maiestati") und der Neustifter Propst Konrad von Albeck', MIÖG 88 (1980) 94-112; idem, Gelehrtes Recht in Österreich. Von den Anfángen bis zum frühen 14. Jahrhundert (Vienna - Cologne - Graz 1982) 44-59; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 160-69; R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 163-66 and passim.


Summa 'Omnis qui iuste iudicat' (or Lipsiensis), an Anglo-Norman Summa on Gratian's Decretum, composed 1186. The work utilizes most of the older French and Bolognese literature, in particular Johannes Faventinus.

MANUSCRIPTS: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 986; Rouen, Bibl. Munic. 743 (omits most of C.3 q.7 pr.-C. 6 q.3 between, fol. 62vb-63ra); Luxembourg, Bibl. Nat. 144, fol. 148r-159v (on Causa 1), 330ra-341vb (on C.23-C.26); 424r-437v (on De cons.).

EDITION: Weigand, Rudolf, Landau, Peter, and Kozur, Waltraud, adlaborantibus Stefan Häring, Karin Miethaner, and Martin Petzolt. Summa ‘Omnis qui iuste iudicat’ sive Lipsiensis. Monumenta Iuris Canonici, Series A: Corpus Glossatorum 7. Città del Vaticano: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 2007.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 196-98; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 279-339; S. Kuttner, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts', Traditio 11 (1955) 443-44, 447-48; idem, 'Notes on manuscripts', Traditio 17 (1961) 534. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 158-63. J. F. v. Schulte, 'Die Summa Decreti Lipsiensis des Codex 986 der Leipziger Universitätsbibliothek', SB Vienna 68 (1871) 37-54. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 186-89; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 292-94 and passim; idem, 'Gandulphusglossen zum Dekret Gratians', BMCL 7 (1977) 15-48; idem, 'Die anglo-normannische Kanonistik in den letzten Jahrzehnten des 12. Jahrhunderts', Proceedings Cambridge(MIC C-8; Vatican City 1988) 249-63.


Summa Paris, MS B.N. lat. 15397, contains a decretist commentary covering C.1, C.23-26. It supplements Huguccio Summa, which omits the same sections. As a result, nothing can be said about the original format of the anonymous work. It was composed ca. 1174-79, most likely at Bologna. Method and style are reminiscent of Bazianus, with a focus on literal exposition and very few legal references.

MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 15397, fol. 172ra-183va.

LITERATURE: see above, vol. 2, ch. Huguccio.


Summa Parisiensis ('Magister Gratianus in hoc opere') is one of the earliest decretist works of the French school. The editor, McLaughlin, dates it around 1160, Kuttner shortly before 1170. The recent revision of the dates for Rufin's and Stephan's Summae (now mid 1160's), both sources of the Summa Parisiensis, speaks in favor of the latter assumption.

EDITION: T. P. McLaughlin (Toronto 1952).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 177-78; idem, 'Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the schools (London 1983) 30. T. P. McLaughlin, The Summa Parisiensis on the Decretum Gratiani(Toronto 1952). C. Lefebvre, 'Parisiensis (Summa)', DDC 6 (1957) 1230-31. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 67-71. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 154-57 and passim.


Summa Permissio quedam (formerly Distinctiones Halenses) was composed by an unknown French canonist, ca. 1185-86.

MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 17, fol. 75-94 (ends at C.31); Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye.52, fol. 1-9v (ends at C.35); London, Brit. Libr. Addit. 24659, fol. 41v-43v, 27r-v (ends at D.28 c.13).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 192-94; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 183-86.


Summa Posnaniensis (see William of Gascony)


Summa Prima primi uxor Ade, of Anglo-Norman origin, depends heavily on Huguccio. The text omits C.1, De pen., and De cons., and cites recent papal decretals after Compilatio I (1191). It certainly precedes Compilatio III (1210). There is a close dependency on two other Anglo-Norman commentaries on the Decretum, the Summa Duacensis and, indirectly, the Summa Quamvis leges seculares.

DATE/PLACE: post 1203?

EDITION: in preparation by R. Fraher (MIC A-4).

MANUSCRIPT: London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11 D.II, fol. 321ra-332ra.

LITERATURE: R. Fraher, 'Alanus Anglicus and the Summa "Induent sancti",' BMCL 6 (1976) 47-54; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 205-206; idem, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts', Traditio 11 (1955) 448. B. Tierney, 'Two Anglo-Norman Summae', Traditio 15 (1959) 483-91. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 214-15.


Summa quaestionum Avranches 149, perhaps of Norman origin, written after 1191.

MANUSCRIPT: Avranches, Bibl. Munic. 149, fol. 129-30v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 315, 328.


Summa quaestionum Munich 16083, in part belonging to the orbit of Honorius and his teachings, ca. 1185-90.

MANUSCRIPTS: Bernkastel-Kues, Sankt-Nikolaus-Hospital, Cusanus-Stiftsbibl. 226, fol. 4r-v (contains only the first five quaestiones, in a different order); Munich, Clm 16083, fol. 52va-73va.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 315; S. Kuttner, 'Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the schools (London 1983) 34. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 173-76.


Summa Quamuis leges seculares, an Anglo-Norman Summa composed during the 1190's, probably not much after Compilatio I. It served as a source for the Summa Duacensis and, indirectly, the Summa Prima primi. The work is also one of the oldest testimonies to the use of Huguccio' commentary in the Northern schools.

EDITION: in preparation by J. Van Engen.

MANUSCRIPT: Paris, Ste. Geneviève 342, fol. 185-87v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 204-205; idem, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts', Traditio 11 (1955) 448. B. Tierney, 'Two Anglo-Norman Summae', Traditio 15 (1959) 483-91.


Summa Queritur cuius sint hec uerba

EDITION: none.

MANUSCRIPTS: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 247, fol. 11-12v.

LITERATURE: Traditio 12 (1956) 559. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 154. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 360, 441.


Summa Quaestio si iure naturali, from the French school, offers a collection of explanations to the Decretum, which are often presented in the form of quaestiones. They either excerpted from the Summa Monacensis or drawn from a common source. Accordingly, the work was composed in the same time period (1175-78).

EDITION:

MANUSCRIPTS: Arras, Bibl. Munic. 271, fol. 180-81vb (ends at D.82); Halle, Universitäts-und Landesbibl. Ye.52, fol. 10r-v (ends at D.50); Oxford, University College 117, fol. 149ra-151vb (breaks off at D.96).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 181; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 314 n.66; S. Kuttner, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts', Traditio 11 (1955) 446; idem, 'Notes on manuscripts', Traditio 15 (1959) 499.


Summa Quid sit symonia, from the French school.

EDITION:

MANUSCRIPTS: Liège, Séminaire 6.N.15, fol. 135r-145v.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, SG 1 (1953) 296-298. S. Kuttner and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 303 n.51.


Summa Quid sit symonia, a penitential Summa composed soon after 1235.

MANUSCRIPT: Innsbruck, Universitätsbibl. 368, fol. 2ra-119vb.

R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 402-07.


Summa Quoniam in omnibus rebus (see Summa Alenconensis)


Summa Quoniam omissis, a commentary on the second part of Gratian's Decretum, composed in the archdiocese of Cologne around 1167.

EDITION: none.

MANUSCRIPTS: Gent, Univ. 1429, fol. 43ra-72rb; Verdun, Bibl. Munic. 35.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 299; S. Kuttner, 'Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the schools (London 1983) 30. D. Van den Auweele, 'Le codex Gandavensis 1429: un Parcensis précieux', RTAM 49 (1982) 217-19.


Summa Quoniam status ecclesiarum consists largely of an excerpt taken from the Summa of Stephen of Tournai. As another characteristic, it reproduces the text of the canons before commenting on them, a technique that can also be observed in the Summa Coloniensis. This suggests French origin.

EDITION:

MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 16538 (C.1-C.35 q.9 only); Paris, B.N. lat. 16540, fol. 105-113v (fragments).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 136-38; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 293; S. Kuttner, 'Retractationes VIII', Gratian and the schools (London 1983) 28-29; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I(Munich 1963) 142-43.


Summa Reginensis, a Bolognese commentary on the Decretum. The drafting obviously took several years. For the first part, chronological indications do not go beyond the pontificate of Urban III (1185-87), while the latter section (C.27 ff.) cites decretals after Compilatio I (1191). The anonymous author (Petrus Beneventanus?) is obviously influenced by Huguccio, but often proposes doctrinal positions of his own.

EDITION: none, A. M. Stickler, SG 3 (1955) 391-407, has printed a large number of texts.

MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. Reg. lat. 1061, fol. 1-48v (fragment, containing D.1-C.2 q.6 c.31; C.27-C.35 q.5 c.6, except De pen.).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 160-66; idem, 'Retractationes VII', Gratian and the schools(London 1983) 12. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 195-201. A. M. Stickler, 'Decretisti Bolognesi dimenticati', SG 3 (1955) 391-410. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 218-23; R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 223-225 and passim.


Summa Reuerentia sacrorum canonum, fragment of a French Summa on the Decretum, written ca. 1184-1192.

EDITION: none.

MANUSCRIPTS: Erfurt, Stadtbibl. Amplon. quart. 117, fol. 116-140v (breaks off at C.1 q.7 c.2 §6).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Sur les origines du terme "droit positif",' Revue historique de droit francais et étranger 15 (1936) 733-37; idem, Repertorium 194-95. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 155-58. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 188-91, 196, 269, 289.


Summa Sicut uetus testamentum, an early Bolognese decretist Summa (on parts I-II only) which offers a combined version of Paucapalea's and Rolandus's commentary.

EDITION: none.

MANUSCRIPTS: Florence, Bibl. nazionale Conv. soppr. G.IV.1736, fol. 1-64v.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 279 n.1; S. Kuttner, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts I-II', Traditio 11 (1955) 440; 12 (1956) 563; idem, 'Retractationes V, VII', Gratian and the schools (London 1983) 5, 10. J. T. Noonan, 'The true Paucapalea?', Proceedings Salamanca (MIC C-6; Vatican City 1980) 157-86. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 143, 154, 271, 285, 313, 387, 393; idem, 'Paucapalea und die frühe Kanonistik', AKKR 150 (1981) 138-144.


Summa Tractaturus magister Gratianus, from the French school, composed ca. 1181-85. The works shows the influence of the Summa Monacensis.

EDITION:

MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 15994, fol. 1-92.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 184-87. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 140-42. R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 181-82; idem, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 186-88 and passim.


Summa Tria sunt per que religionis, a fragmentary comment on Causa 1 of the Decretum, influenced by Rufinus and therefore written in the late 1160's.

MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 16084, fol. 34.

LITERATURE: F. Gillmann, AKKR 106 (1926) 549. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 133. H. Singer, Beiträge zur Würdigung der Decretistenlitteratur', AKKR 69 (1893) 378.


Summa Turicensis presents an expanded version of the Summa of Rolandus, probably written at Bologna during the 1150's.

MANUSCRIPTS: Zurich, Zentralbibl. C.97.II, fol. 5-64r (on part II only).

LITERATURE: A. M. Stickler, 'Iter helveticum', Traditio 14 (1958) 466-67.


Summa Videtur certe quod et iure humano, a brief decretist Summa that remains to be analysed. It cites decretals of Alexander III, whence it cannot be dated earlier than into the 1170's.

EDITION:

MANUSCRIPTS: Seo de Urgel, Bibl. Capitular 8, fol. 139-158vb.

LITERATURE: G. Fransen, 'Un commentaire au "De consecratione",' Traditio 13 (1957) 508-9. R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien III. Kan. Abt. 26; Munich 1967) 299.


Summa Utilitati sociorum meorum, perhaps from the Anglo-Norman school, is a Summa on the titles of Compilationes I-III, composed ca. 1211-15. Main source is the Summa Bernard of Pavia, to which the author ('H.'?) added from the apparatus of Alanus to Comp. I. He also drew from decretist literature.

EDITION: Most of the prologue has been printed by A. Vetulani, SG 1 (1953) 281-82.

MANUSCRIPTS: Gniezno, Arch. Kap. 50, fol. 75-108v; Trier, Stadtbibl. 922, fol. 61r-90vb.

LITERATURE: A. Vetulani, 'Les manuscrits du Décret de Gratien et des oeuvres des décrétistes dans les bibiothèques polonaises', SG 1 (1953) 281-82; R. Weigand, 'Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio 16 (1960) 561-62; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 313-20.



Summula de consanguinitate et affinitate: 'Quoniam consanguinitas...' (see under Marriage Tract:)

Summula de presumptionibus (see Perpendiculum)
 

Summula Monacensis (see Notabilia Monacensia)


Syluester Hispanus (see Silvester)


Tancred (of Bologna: Tancredus Bononiensis), ca. 1185-1236, the leading decretalist of his age. Taught canon law at Bologna since approximately 1210, where he was also canon and archdeacon of the local chapter. His Apparatus to Compilationes prima, secunda, tertia, the final versions of which he produced around 1220, were received as the ordinary Glosses in the schools. Tancred also compiled the Compilatio quinta at the behest of Pope Honorius III in 1226. He was equally successful as the author of several minor, mostly procedural, works, which he later combined into his widely circulating Ordo (ca. 1216).

TEXTS: 1. Glossa ordinaria (on Comp. I-III), MANUSCRIPTS: Original version (on I-II, before 1215): Admont, Stiftsbibl. 22; Bamber, Staatsbibl. Can. 20 (on I); Florence, Bibl. Laurenziana S. Croce III sin.6, p.3-96v (on I); Florence, Bibl. Laurenziana S. Croce IV sin.2, fol. 79-129 (on II); Fulda, Landesbibl. D.6, fol. 1r-78r (on I); Lisbon, B.N. Alcob. 381, fol. 76v-116v (on II); Modena, Bibl. Est. a.R.4.16, fol. 78-117v, 255rb-257rb (on II); Padua, Bibl. Antoniana II.35 (on I-II); Paris, B.N. lat. 11714, fol. 27ta-53rb (on II, without decretal text); Paris, B.N. lat. 15398, fol. 3-52v (on I, incomplete); Paris, B.N. lat. 15400, fol. 70ra-102va (on II); Paris, B.N. lat. 15996 (on I); Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2127, fol. 1-57v (on I), 58-89 (on II); Saint Gall, Stiftsbibl. 715 (on I.2.20.23-5.5.6); Trier, Stadtbibl. 864, fol. 1-66 (on I); Trier, Stadtbibl. 876, fol. 1-21v, 32-82 (on I, second layer), fol. 22-31 (on II.2-3; incomplete); Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2509, fol. 1-93 (on I), 93-139v (on II); Vat. Borgh. 264, fol. 1-74v (on I), 75-107 (on II); Vat. Urb. 178, fol. 1-77v (on I), 78-117 (on II); Vercelli, Cath. XXIII, fol. 1-54v (on I), 55-86v (on II). Final (or unidentified) version (on I-III, ca.1220): Angers, Bibl. Munic. 375 (on I); Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19, fol. 1-78 (on I, second layer), 79-116 (on II: second layer); Can. 20, fol. 71-98 (on II); Can. 21, fol. 1-100 (on I), 101-42 (on II); Beaune, Bibl. Munic. 19, fol. 1-89 (on I, fragment), 91-116 (on II), 116v-222 (on III, third layer); Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 231, fol. 3-119v (on I, fragmentary); Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 306, fol. 1-60 (on I, second layer, fragmentary); Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat., fol. 427, fol. 1-87v (on I), 90-135v (on II); Bruges, Bibl. Munic. 367, fol. 1-113 (on I-II), 114-231v (on III); Bruges, Grande Séminaire 44-63, fol. 1-86v (on I, fragmentary, until I.4.13.3), 87r-134r (on II); Cambridge, Gonville and Caius Coll. 17, p. 1-134 (on I), 135-238 (on III); Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 318, fol. 1-76v (on I, second layer), 77- (on II); Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 384, fol. 49-104 (on I), 1-46r, 47v-48v (on II, fragmentary and misbound), 105-246 (on III); Douai, Bibl. Munic. 595 (on I fragment of book 2 only, on II also fragmentary); Cordoba, Bibl. del Cabildo, fol. 1ra-94vb (on I), 95ra-137rb (on II), 138r-273r (on III); Durham, Cathedral C.III.4 (on I-III); Escorial K.I.9, fol. 2ra-67ra (on I, incomplete), 68r-110vb (on II), 111ra-255vb (on III, ends at 2.3.5); Florence, Bibl. Laurenziana S. Croce IV sin.2, fol. 130-(on III, breaks off at 5.15.1); Florence, Bibl. Naz. Conv. soppr. da ord.; Vallombrosa 38, fol. 9ra-64vb (on I, without decretal text); 65ra-99ra (on II), 100ra-163vb; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.6, fol. 79r-127v (on II), 128r-266v (on III); Graz, Universitätsbibl. 138 (on II); Graz, Universitätsbibl. 374 (on III); Kopenhagen, Kgl. Bibl. Gl. kgl. S. 196fol. (on III); Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 968, fol. 1-77v (on I), 78-114v (on II), 115-232 (on III); Leningrad, Public Lib. II, fol. mbr.15, fol. 43- (on III); Lille, Bibl. Munic. 145, fol. 2-79 (on I), fol 80-119 (on II), 120-241 (on III); Lincoln, Cathedral 29, fol. 1-51v, 193-200v (on I), 52-91 (on II), 92- (on III); Lincoln, Cathedral 38 (on II); Lincoln, Cathedral 163, fol. 84-126v (on II, fragmentary); Lisbon, B.N. Alcob. 381 (on I?, III?); London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11 C.VII, fol. 6-79 (on I), 81- (on II); Marburg, Universitätsbibl. C.2, fol. 1-71 (on II); Melk, Stiftsbibl. F.33 (on I, III); Munich, Clm 3879, fol. 99-149 (on II); Nürnberg, Stadtbibl. Cent. II.72 (on I, fragmentary, see Traditio 21 (1965) 482); Paris, B.N. lat. 3927, fol. 1-9v (on III, fragment); Paris, B.N. lat. 3928 (on III, begins at 1.1.5); Paris, B.N. lat. 3931A (on I-III); Paris, B.N. lat. 3953 (on I-II); Paris, B.N. lat. 12452 (on III); Paris, B.N. lat. 14321 (on I-III); Paris, B.N. lat. 15399 (on I-III, without text of Compilationes); Paris, B.N. lat. 15400, fol. 125ra-226vb (on III.1-2 only); Paris, B.N. lat. 16900 (on III); Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2127 (on III); Paris, Bibl. Maz. 1292, fol. 160-98 (on I, begins at 3.4.2), 69-101r (on II); Perugia, Bibl. Comm. L.69, fol. 1-107 (on I), 108-163 (on II), 164- (on III); Plock, Dioc. Lib. 67 (on I-II, lost in WW II); Plock, Dioc. Lib. 69 (on I-III, lost in WW II); Reims, Bibl. de la Ville 690, fol. 1-114 (on I), 115-72 (on II); Rouen, Bibl. Munic. 706, fol. 1-80 (on I), 81-126 (on II); Saint-Omer, Bibl. Munic. 447 (on I-II); Toulouse 368, fol. 1-61 (on I), 63-93 (on II), 120-223 (on III); Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 102 (on I-III); Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1377, fol. 2-98v (on I), 101-145v (on II), 148-279v (on III); Vat. lat. 2509, 140-275v (on III); Vat. Borgh. 264, fol. 108-230 (on III); Vat. Chigi E.VII.207, fol. 1-88 (on I, first layer), 89-134v (on II); Vat. Ottob. 1943 (on I); Venice, S. Marco VIII.22, fol. 23-71 (on I?); Worcester, Cathed. F.177, fol. 3-5 (on II, fragment of book 5).

2. Ordo iudiciarius, EDITION: F. Bergmann, Pillii, Tancredi, Gratiae libri de iudiciorum ordine (Göttingen 1842: reprint ed. Aalen 1965) 89-314.

3. Summula de exceptionibus, MANUSCRIPTS: Avranches, Bibl. Munic. MS 149, fol. 135rb-va; Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbaz. 136, p.234; Rome, Bibl. Casanatense MS 1910, fol. 73ra.

4. Tractatus de dolo et contumacia punienda, MANUSCRIPTS: Avranches, Bibl. Munic. MS 149; Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbaz. 136; Rome, Casanat. 1910, fol. 73ra-b

5. Summula de criminibus, EDITION: R. Fraher, BMCL 9 (1979) 29-32.

6. Quaestiones, EDITION: R. Fraher, BMCL 9 (1979) 32-34.

7. Summa de sponsalibus et matrimonio (ca. 1210-14), EDITION: A. Wunderlich, Tancredi summa de matrimonio (Göttingen 1841)

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 9-16; L. Boyle, 'The Compilatio quinta and the registers of Honorius III', BMCL 8 (1978) 9-19; L. Chevalier, 'Tancred', DDC 7 (1961) 1146-1165; L. Fowler-Magerl, Ordo iudiciorum vel ordo iudiciarius. Ius commune. Sonderhefte 19 (Frankfurt/M. 1984) 128-130; Richard Fraher, 'Tancred's "Summula de criminibus": A new text and a key to the ordo iudiciarius', BMCL 9 (1979) 23-35; A. García, 'Observaciones sobre los apparatus de Damaso Húngaro', Traditio 18 (1962) 469-71; idem, Canonistica Hispanica II, III', Traditio 23 (1967) 505, 26 (1970) 462-63; F. Gillmann, Zur Inventarisierung (Mainz 1938) 70-87. S. Kuttner, Repertorium 327-54, 358-81; idem, 'La réserve papale du droit de canonisation', RHD 17 (1938) 203 n.3; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 311 n.15; idem, 'Notes on manuscripts', Traditio 17 (1961) 541. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 337-43. K. Pennington, 'The Manuscripts of Johannes Teutonicus', BMCL 4 (1974) 20 n.9. Schulte, QL I 199-205; A. M. Stickler, 'Iter Helveticum', Traditio 14 (1958) 465-72; A. Teetaert, 'Summa de matrimonio sancti Raymundi de Penyafort', Ius pontificum 9 (1929) 54-61, 228-34, 312-22. R. Weigand, 'Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio 16 (1960) 560; R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 387-94 and passim; idem, 'Neue Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio21 (1965) 481-82.


Thaddeus de Pocaterra, from Cesena, appears as a doctor decretorum in Paduan documents between 1288 and 1295.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 175.


Thomas de Chabham (Cobham?), was a master of theology at Paris before he returned to his native England in 1214 to become a canon of the episcopal chapter at Salisbury. There he wrote a penitential Summa, that was often to be misattributed to Pope Innocent (III?), Hrabanus Maurus, and others during the later Middle Ages.

TEXT: Poenitentiale, EDITIONS: by F. Broomfield, Thomae de Chobham Summa confessorum. Analecta Namurcensia 25 (Louvain - Paris 1968).

LITERATURE: R. Chabanne, 'Thomas de Chabham', DDC 7 (1965) 1248;

P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 21-24.


Tractaturus magister (see Summa Tractaturus magister)


Tractaturus magister are the opening words of an unidentified decretist apparatus, probably from the early 1200's.

MANUSCRIPT: Madrid, Fundación Lázaro Galdiano 440, fol. 9r-234 (third layer; partly erased).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Some Gratian Manuscripts with Early Glosses', Traditio 19 (1963) 534.


Transformatio Decreti (See Laborans)


Transformatio Decreti Londinensis, an early rearrangement of Gratian's textbook, which adds other canonical material and subdivides it into ten books and 122 distinctions.

MANUSCRIPTS: London, Brit. Libr. Royal 9 A.VIII, fol. 5-117.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 269-70.


Transformatio Decreti Oxoniensis offers, for the most part, a copy of the Decretum. It distinguishes Gratian's own dicta from the canonical chapters of the Decretum in that it relegates the former into the margin. The text is further preceded by material of partly different origin, which has been grouped in 37 distinctiones. Significantly, the first deals, unlike Gratian, with the primacy of the Roman bishop.

MANUSCRIPTS: Oxford, Bodleian Bodl. 291

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 270-271.


Ugolinus de Sesso, an Italian born in Sesso (near Reggio Emilia), received his canonistic training at Bologna during the 1180's, where Huguccio and Bazianus were his principal teachers. The latter he seems to have identified with the Roman lawyer Johannes Bazianus. After leaving Bologna for brief stays at Cremona and Montpellier, he eventually appeared as the head of the first school of canon law on Spanish soil, at Palencia. Linda Fowler-Magerl (1984) has attributed to him three lectures from that period, preserved in a Barcelona manuscript which usually had been ascribed to the more famous civilian Ugolinus de Presbyteris. They all treat procedural aspects, appeals, the recusation of judges, and witnesses. Ugolinus composed them at some time after the death of Pope Gregory VIII (Dec. 1187) and 1200. Perhaps it is also possible to identify Ugolinus with the later, homonymous bishop of Vercelli (1214-1235).

WORKS: 1. De appellatione, MANUSCRIPT: Barcelona, Archivio della Corona d'Aragona San Cugat 55, fol. 138ra-139rb; cf. L. Fowler-Magerl, Ordo iudiciorum 243.

2. De recusatione iudicum, MANUSCRIPT: Barcelona, Archivio della Corona d'Aragona San Cugat 55, fol. 139rb-140ra; cf. L. Fowler-Magerl, Ordo iudiciorum 200.

3. De testibus, MANUSCRIPT: Barcelona, Archivio della Corona d'Aragona San Cugat 55, fol. 140ra-145ra; cf. L. Fowler-Magerl, Ordo iudiciorum 223-24.

LITERATURE: L. Fowler-Magerl, Ordo iudiciorum vel ordo iudiciarius. Ius Commune. Sonderhefte 19 (Frankfurt/M. 1984) 200, 223-224, 243; D. Maffei, 'Fra Cremona, Montpellier e Palencia nel secolo XII. Ricerche su Ugolino da Sesso', Rivista Internazionale di diritto commune 1 (1990) 9-30, also printed in the Revista Española de Derecho Canónico.


Uguccione Borromei, see Huguccione Vercellensis (da Borromei)


Ulrich, provost at the chapter of Völkermarkt since 1233 and archdeacon of Carinthia from 1246 until his death, c.1266, compiled excerpts (flores) from the Decretales Gregorii (after 1241), which he later reworked into a versified abbreviation (1251). He also produced a collection of excerpts drawn from the Summa titulorum of Bernardus of Parma (1251), and another one based on the Novelle of Pope Innocent IV (1251-53).

TEXTS: 1. Excerpta decretalium Gregorii IX, MANUSCRIPTS: Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. Rep.ii.117, fol. 31ra-47vb; St. Florian, Stiftsbibl. ix.282, fol. 39ra-51ra.

2. Breviarium pauperum (on X), MANUSCRIPTS: Klagenfurt, Bischöfl. Bibl. xxx.c.16, fol. 1r-35r; München, Staatsbibl. lat. 404, fol. 249-283v.

3. Cursus titulorum, EDITION: J. F. v. Schulte (1867) 595-97. MANUSCRIPTS: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 722, fol. 1r-46r; Göttweig, Stiftsbibl. 182, fol. 3ra-43va; Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibl. 1044, fol. 2ra-42vb; London, BM Additional 16893, fol. 144r-74v; Nürnberg, Stadtbibl. Cent.vi.91, fol. 284rb-311va; Vienna, ÖNB 2192, fol. 107-34; Vorau, Stiftsbibl. 197, fol. 39r-83v.

4. Breviarium pauperum (on the Novelle Innocentii), MANUSCRIPTS: Klagenfurt, Bischöfl. Bibl. xxx.c.16, fol. 35r-38v; München, Staatsbibl. lat. 404, fol. 284r-87r.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Aus kanonistischen Handschriften der Periode 1234 bis 1298', Proceedings Toronto (MIC C-5; Vatican City 1976) 44; J. F. v. Schulte, 'Die Rechtshandschriften der Bibliotheken von Klosterneuburg', SB Vienna 57 (1867) 595-97; Schulte, QL II 503-04; W. Stelzer, 'Österreichische Kanonisten des 13. Jahrhunderts', ÖAKR 30 (1979) 66-71; idem, 'Gutolf von Heiligenkreuz', Verfasserlexikon 3 (1981) 338-46; idem, Gelehrtes Recht in Österreich. Von den Anfängen bis zum frühen 14. Jh. MIÖG - Erg.Bd. 26 (Vienna 1982) 120-36.


Vacarius (ca. 1115/20-1205), an Italian jurist and theologian, received his training as a civilian at Bologna during the early 1140's. He then went to England and served in the household of various ecclesiastical dignitaries, such as the archbishops of Canterbury (ca. 1145) and York (since ca. 1159). He also was active as papal judge-delegate in English affairs. His literary production, however, turned out to be most important and lasting. Through his Liber pauperum (ca. 1170), a textbook that epitomized the Digest and the Codex for the use of English students, he provided the basis for scientific legal studies in England. He later added an Apparatus of glosses to it, derived largely from the teachings of the four Bolognese doctors. Vacarius also produced several theological treatises, De assumpto homine and a Liber contra multiplices et varios errores, the latter of which betrays a curious disregard for recent canonistic doctrine. Vacarius instead preferred to draw his legal arguments from civilian sources. In a similar fashion, his Summa de matrimonio, which one would expect to be a topic of canon law, instead discusses marriage law mostly on the basis of Roman legal concepts. The only decretist work consulted by Vacarius seems to have been the Summa of Rufinus (ca. 1165).

TEXTS:

1. Summa de matrimonio, EDITION: F. W. Maitland, 'Magistri Vacarii Summa de matrimonio', Law Quarterly Review 13 (1897) 270-87.

2. Liber pauperum, EDITION: F. de Zulueta, The Liber pauperum of Vacarius (London 1927).

3. Liber contra multiplices et varios errores, EDITION: I. da Milano, L'eresia di Ugo Speroni nella confutazione del maestro Vacario. Studi e testi 115 (Vatican City 1945).

4. De assumpto homine, EDITION: N. M. Häring, 'The tractatus de assumpto homine by magister Vacarius', Mediaeval studies 21 (1959) 147-75.

LITERATURE: L. Boyle, 'The Beginnings of Legal Studies at Oxford', Viator 14 (1983); idem, 'Vacarius', DMA 12 (1989) 343-44. S. Kuttner and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 286-88; S. Kuttner, 'Retractiones VIII', Gratian and the schools (London 1983) 26-27; idem, 'Retractationes X', The History of Ideas and Doctrines of Canon Law in the Middle Ages (London 1980) 19.   Peter Stein, "The Vacarian School," Journal of Legal History 13 (1992) 23-31;  Jason Taliadoros, Law and Theology in Twelfth-Century England: The Works of Master Vacarius: 1115/20-c.1200) (Disputatio, 10; Turnhout: Brepols Publishers, 2006).


'Videndum est quid sit matrimonium uberliefert...' (see under Marriage Tract:)


Vincentius Hispanus, a Portugese, was eminent among the Bolognese decretalist from the 1210's onwards. He composed gloss apparatuses on several of the Compilationes antiquae (ca. 1210-15), the constitutions of the Fourth Lateran Council of 1215, and wrote various minor works. He received the bishopric of Idanha-Guarda (Portugal) in 1226, but continued to be active as a canonistic author, as is evident from his apparatus on the Liber extra, the oldest commentary (ca. 1234-43) on the new legislation of Gregory IX. His participation in the Council of Lyons (1245) is certain, which rules out his identification, formerly proposed, with the homonymous bishop of Zaragoza (d. 1244). Vincentius died in 1248.

TEXTS: 1. Apparatus to Compilatio I, EDITION: none; the prologue has been printed by J. F. v. Schulte (1871) 106-7, and J. Ochoa Sanz (1960) 120. MANUSCRIPTS: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349, fol. 1-72 (third layer; incomplete); Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 983, fol. 1-60v; Vendôme, Bibl. Munic. 89 (scattered glosses).

2. Glosses (Apparatus?) on Compilatio II, MANUSCRIPTS: Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349, fol. 73-113 (second layer); Melk, Stiftsbibl. 518, fol. 1v-34v (third layer).

3. Apparatus to Compilatio III, EDITION: none; J. Ochoa Sanz (1960) 122, has printed the opening gloss. MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 20, fol. 99r-180v; Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 318 (partly destroyed); Douai, Bibl. Munic. 598, fol. 2r-120r; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349, fol. 114r-202v (third layer, incomplete); Fulda, Landesbibl. D.6, front fly-leaf; Graz, Universitätsbibl. 138, fol. 123r-232v; Karlsruhe, Landesbibl. Aug. XL, fol. 231r-290v (ends at 3 Comp. 5.10.4, without decretal text); Melk, Stiftsbibl. 333, fol. 132v-151v (single glosses only); Melk, Stiftsbibl. 518, fol. 126r-152v (appended to the decretal text); Modena, Bibl. Est. 119r-235v; Munich, Clm 3897, fol. 150r-266v; Paris, B.N. lat. 14611, fol. 1-154r; Paris, Mazarine 1292, fol. 102r-159v (incomplete); Poznan, Chapter 28, fol. 1-104v; Reims, Bibl. de la Ville 691, fol. 3r-152r; Rouen, Bibl. Munic. 706, fol. 127r-254r; St. Gall 697, fol. 1-136r (without decretal text); St. Omer, Bibl. Munic. 484, fol. 6r-109v (ends at 3 Comp. 5.23.9); Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1378, fol. 1-105v (ends at 3 Comp. 5.21.5); Vercelli, Arch. Cap. 23, fol. 87r-178v (single glosses);

4. Apparatus ad Constitutiones quarti Lateranensis Concilii EDITION: A. García y García, Constitutiones Concilii quarti Lateranensis una cum Commentariis glossatorum (MIC A-2; Vatican City 1981) 271-383.

5. Ad Arborem consanguinitatis, EDITION: A. García y García, ZRG Kan. Abt. 68 (1982) 153-86.

6. Select Casus on Compilatio III, MANUSCRIPTS: Fulda, Landesbibl. D.10, fol. 102vb-110rb; Graz, Universitätsbibl. 138, fol. 269r-275vb; Halle, Universitäts-und Landesbibl. Ye.52, fol. 7ra-8va (on 3 Comp. 5.1.3-5.23.10; fragmentary), 6ra (on 3 Comp. 1.1.1-1.2.7, fragmentary); Melk, Stiftsbibl. 333, fol. 132vb-152ra; Paris, B.N. lat. 3922A, fol. 77v-90v 9 (after 1.6 with interpolations); Paris, B.N. lat. 3931, fol. 73-; Plock, Bibl. Kap. 78, fol. 58r-66v (lost in WW II); Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 297, fol. 114v-124v.

7. Apparatus ad Decretales Gregorii IX, EDITION: none; J. Ochoa Sanz (1960) 139, has printed the opening gloss. MANUSCRIPTS: Madrid, Bibl. Nacional 30, fol. 1-214v (books 1-3), 215r-36rb (book 4, omitting decretals of Honorius III and Gregory IX), 236rb-238v (adding decretals of Hon. and Greg.), 239ra-278vr (book 5, without decretals of Hon. and Greg.), 279r-282v (adding decretals of Hon. and Greg.); Paris, B.N. lat. 3967, fol. 1-212v; Paris, B.N. lat. 3968 (omits X 2.2.13-16, 2.28.11-52); Salamanca, Univ. 2168, fol. 1-233va; Rome, Bibl. Casanat. 1094, fol. 184r-203vb (ends at X 1.30.10); Vatican, Barb. lat. 1626 (omits book 3 and ends at X 5.37.9);

8. Casus on the Decretales Gregorii IX, MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 3969, fol. 9r-33v; Rome, Bibl. Casanat. 1094, fol. 121r-143r.

9. De interdicto uti possidetis, MANUSCRIPT: Rome, Bibl. Casanatense 1910, fol. 73rb.

10. De discordia testium (?), MANUSCRIPT: Monte Cassino, Bibl. dell'abbazia 136, p.225.

LITERATURE: M. Bertram, 'Some additions to the "Repertorium der Kanonistik",' BMCL 4 (1974) 9-16; 'A. de Sousa Costa, Mestre Silvestre e Mestre Vicente juristas da contenda entre D. Afonso II e suas irmãs (Braga 1963); R. Fraher, 'Tancred's "Summula de criminibus": A new text and a key to the Ordo iudiciarius', BMCL 9 (1979) 23; G. Fransen, 'Manuscrits canoniques conservés en Espagne', RHE 51 (1956) 940-41; A. García y García, Estudios sobre la canonística portuguesa medieval (Madrid 1976) 108-112; idem, 'La canonística ibérica', BMCL 11 (1981) 57-58; idem, 'Glosas de Juan Teutónico, Vicente Hispano y Dámaso Húngaro a los Arbores Consanguinitatis et Affinitatis', ZRG Kan. Abt. 68 (1982) 153-185; L. Fowler-Magerl, Ordo iudiciorum vel ordo iudiciarius (Frankfurt/M. 1984) 240; F. Gillmann, 'Der Kommentar des Vincentius Hispanus zu den Kanones des vierten Laterankonzils (1215)', AKKR 109 (1929) 223-34; idem, 'Wo war Vincentius Hispanus Bischof?'. AKKR 113 (1933) 99-107; S. Kuttner, Repertorium 326-44, 356-71, 374 n.2; idem, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 289-91; idem, 'An interim checklist of manuscripts (III)', Traditio 13 (1957) 467-69; idem, 'Notes on manuscripts', 17 (1961) 537-41; idem, 'Wo war Vincentius Hispanus Bischof?', Traditio 22 (1966) 471-74. F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milan 1971) 334-37; J. Ochoa Sanz, Vincentius Hispanus: Canonista boloñes del siglo XIII (Cuadernos de Instituto Juridico Español 13; Rome/Madrid 1960); idem, 'El glosador Vincentius Hispanus y titulos comunes "de foro competenti" canonico', Miscellanea in onore dei Professori Anastasio Gutierrez e Pietro Tocanel (Rome 1982) 429-88; J. F. v. Schulte, 'Litteraturgeschichte der Compilationes Antiquae', SB Vienna 66 (1871) 106-108; Schulte, QL I 191-93; R. Weigand, 'Mitteilungen aus Handschriften', Traditio 16 (1960) 560 n.18; idem, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht I (Munich 1963) 347-57.


W - glosses on Gratian's Decretum have been compiled and edited by Rudolf Weigand. Their otherwise unknown author, W(ilielmus?), must haven been a canonist at Bolognese canon law school during the later 1170's.

EDITION: by R. Weigand (1986) 153-57 (thirty glosses).

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 338 n.49. R. Weigand, 'W.-Glossen zum Dekret Gratians', Ministerium iustitiae: Festschrift für Heribert Heinemann, ed. A. Gabriels, H. Reinhardt (Essen 1986) 151-59.


Werner von Schussenried was the author of an abbreviation of the Decretum, in which every excerpt is preceded by a versified rubrique. The author somewhat departed from the usual order of the Decretum in that he placed De penitentia (or, in his own words, De penis) after the end of part II (C.36). Another explanation would be that these two final portions did not stem from Werner himself, as is suggested by the Kynzwart manuscript, which offers them only after the text of the Summa ad iniungendam penitentiam. At any rate, Werner never completed the work, since it ends at De cons. D.2 c.40. According to his own words, he composed it at Vicenza in 1206-7.

TEXT: Decretum versificatum, EDITION: A. Stickler, Traditio 14 (1958) 475 n.53, has printed the prologue (from MS St. Gall). MANUSCRIPTS: Kynzwart (Königswart), Castle 20-H-27, fol. 101va-134rb (parts I-II, omitting C.11 q.3 c.87-C.13 q.2 c.10 and C.26 q.4-C.35 q.3 c.8), 140rb-142ra (De penis), 142ra-vb (part III); St. Gall, Stiftsbibl. 683, p. 1-185; Toledo, Bibl. del Cabildo 22-31, fol. 302vb-304rb (fragment, containing D.1-5).

LITERATURE: M. Bohácek, 'Un manuscrit intéressant du "Compendium" de Werner von Schussenried', Traditio 18 (1962) 472-82; A. García y García, 'Canonistica Hispanica', Traditio 22 (1966) 468; A. Stickler, 'Iter Helveticum', Traditio 14 (1958) 475-77.


Wernhard, provost at Passau (1267) and then bishop of Seckau (1268-1283), had previously studied and taught canon law at the University of Padua.

LITERATURE: W. Stelzer, 'Österreichische Kanonisten des 13. Jahrhunderts', ÖAKR 30 (1979) 77-78.


William Longchamp, an Anglo-Norman canonist, was the author of a procedural treatise, Practica legum et decretorum (ca. 1183-89), and later became bishop of Ely (1189) and chancellor of the English king Richard the Lionheart.

TEXTS: Practica legum et decretorum, EDITION: F. Caillemer, Le droit civil dans les provinces anglo-normandes au XIIe siècle (Caen 1883) 157-226, completed by G. Fransen - P. Legendre, 'Rectifications et additions au texte imprimé de la "Practica legum et decretorum",' RHDFE 44 (1966) 115-18. MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 3454, fol. 53r-v, 55v (fragment; cf. G. Fransen, ZRG Kan. Abt. 55 [1969] 438-39).

LITERATURE: L. Fowler-Magerl, Ordo iudiciorum vel ordo iudiciarius (Frankfurt/M. 1984) 113-14; S. Kuttner, 'Les débuts de l'école canoniste francaise', SDHI 4 (1938) 200; idem and E. Rathbone, 'Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century', Traditio 7 (1949/51) 290; S. Kuttner, 'Retractationes VIII", Gratian and the schools (London 1983) 28.


William of Gascony (Vasco, Guascus), a canonist and glossator of the Decretum and the Compilationes antiquae, whose presence in Bologna is attested from ca. 1205-1222. In 1226, he appears as professor at the University of Padua. William also commented on Super specula of Pope Honorius III (1219) and the Arbor consanguinitatis.

TEXTS: 1. Apparatus on the Decretum (Summa Posnaniensis), EDITION: P. V. Aimone Braida, BMCL 13 (1983) 33-38, has edited the prologue, Missurus in mundum. MANUSCRIPTS: Beaune, Bibl. Munic. 5 (mostly erased); Fulda, Landesbibl. D.3a, fol. 69v-70v (prologue only) Fulda, Landesbibl. D.5, fol. 213r-15v (prologue only); Fulda, Landesbibl. D.14, fol. 126r-127v (prologue Missurus in mundum only); Grenoble, Bibl. Munic. 62 (second set; mostly erased); Poznan, Kap. 28, fol. 105ra-189vb (D.50 c.5 - C.33 q.2 c.18), 197ra-200vb (De pen. D.2 c.40 - C.33 q.5 c.4), 202ra-204vb (De pen. pr. - De pen. D.2 c.40), 205ra-220vb (De pen. D.2 c.40 - end).

2. Additions to the Glossa ordinaria of Johannes Teutonicus, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican, Bibl. Ap. lat. 1367 (second layer).

3. Glosses on Compilationes antiquae, MANUSCRIPTS: Admont, Stiftsbibl. 22, fol. 1-85v (on I, in the second set), fol. 246v-270 (on IV, in the second set); Cordoba, Bibl. del Cabildo 10, fol. 1ra-94vb (on I, in the second set), 95ra-137rb (on II, in the second set), 138ra-273ra (on III, in the second set) 274ra-304va (on IV, in the second set); Graz, Universitätsbibl. 106, fol. 1-80v (on I, in the second set); Paris, B.N. lat. 3932, fol. 1-69v (on I, in the second set).

4. Glosses on Super speculam, MANUSCRIPT: Florence, Bibl. Laur. S. Croce V sin. 4, fly-leaf, front page).

5. Apparatus on Arbor consanguinitatis, MANUSCRIPT: Florence, Bibl. Laur. S. Croce V sin. 4, (fly-leaf, back page); Lisbon, Bibl. Nac. Alcob. 381, fol. 224.

LITERATURE: P. V. Aimone Braida, 'Il proemio "Missurus in mundum",' BMCL 13 (1983) 27-38; A. García y García, 'Canonistica Hispanica II', Traditio 23 (1967) 505-6; S. Kuttner, 'Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus', Traditio 1 (1943) 333-40; idem, 'Another copy of Willielmus Vasco's Apparatus', Traditio 22 (1966) 476-78. K. W. Nörr, 'Summa Poznanensis', Traditio 17 (1961) 543-44; A. Stickler, 'Der Dekretist Willielmus Vasco', Études dediés à Gabriel Le Bras (Paris 1965) 705-28; idem, 'Ergänzungen zur Traditionsgeschichte der Dekretistik', BMCL 1 (1971) 76-78.


Zoën Tencararius, a Bolognese magister who wrote an apparatus on Compilatio V. He was canon at Bologna cathedral, before he became bishop of Avignon in 1240.

TEXTS: 1. Apparatus on Compilatio V, MANUSCRIPTS: Douai, Bibl. Munic. 596, fol. 25- (single glosses only); Tours, Bibl. Munic. 565, fol. 1-42.

LITERATURE: S. Kuttner, Repertorium 383-85. K. Pennington, 'The French recension of Compilatio tertia', BMCL 5 (1975) 53-71 at 69.